Famine Politics in Maoist China and the Soviet Union


Author: Felix Wemheuer
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300195818
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 8596
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An authoritative study of food politics in the socialist regimes of China and the Soviet Union

Parallelsacht. [Übers. des Autors]: Stone noodles rural and official memories of the Great Leap Famine in the Chinese province Henan


Author: Felix Wemheuer
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN: 9783631562796
Category: China
Page: 294
View: 2944
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Der Hungersnot wahrend des -Grossen Sprungs nach vorne- fielen in China zwischen 1958 und 1961 Millionen Menschen zum Opfer. Der Autor analysiert, wie der chinesische Staat, die Provinz Henan und Dorfbewohner diese Katastrophe heute aufgearbeitet haben. Die Uberlebenden der Hungersnot kommen mit Hilfe von <I>Oral History selbst zu Wort. Basierend auf Theorien zum kollektiven Gedachtnis werden die Erinnerungen von Dorfbewohnern mit der offiziellen Geschichtsschreibung der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas verglichen. Dabei zeigt sich, dass auf den Dorfern die Erinnerungen an Massensterben und Terror bis heute lebendig geblieben sind. Das Buch leistet einen Beitrag, die Funktionsweise von Erinnerungen und Vergangenheitsbewaltigung unter dem Staatssozialismus zu verstehen und zieht einen Vergleich zur Aufarbeitung der ukrainischen Hungersnot der Stalin-Ara."

Mao Zedong


Author: Felix Wemheuer
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Communists
Page: 158
View: 6344
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Aus den Ruinen des Empires

Die Revolte gegen den Westen und der Wiederaufstieg Asiens
Author: Pankaj Mishra
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104027463
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 8237
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Asiens Antwort auf den westlichen Imperialismus: »Provokant, beschämend und überzeugend« The Times Nachdem die letzten Erben des Mogul-Reiches getötet und der Sommerpalast in Peking zerstört war, schien die asiatische Welt vom Westen besiegt. Erstmals erzählt der Essayist und Schriftsteller Pankaj Mishra, wie in dieser Situation Intellektuelle in Indien, China und Afghanistan eine Fülle an Ideen entwickelten, die zur Grundlage für ein neues Asien wurden. Sie waren es, die Mao und Gandhi inspirierten und neue Strömungen des Islam anregten. Von hier aus nahmen die verschiedenen Länder ihren jeweiligen Weg in die Moderne. Unterhaltsam und eindringlich schildert Pankaj Mishra die Entstehung des antikolonialen Denkens und seine Folgen. Ein Buch, das einen völlig neuen Blick auf die Geschichte der Welt bietet und den Schlüssel liefert, um das heutige Asien zu verstehen. »Brillant. Mishra spiegelt den tradierten westlichen Blick auf Asien zurück. Moderne Geschichte, wie sie die Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung erfahren hat - von der Türkei bis China. Großartig.« Orhan Pamuk »Lebendig ... fesselnd ... ›Aus den Ruinen des Empires‹ hat die Kraft, nicht nur zu belehren, sondern zu schockieren.« Mark Mazower, Financial Times

China Under Mao


Author: Andrew G. Walder
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674058151
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 413
View: 7338
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China’s Communist Party seized power in 1949 after a long guerrilla insurgency followed by full-scale war, but the revolution was just beginning. Andrew Walder narrates the rise and fall of the Maoist state from 1949 to 1976—an epoch of startling accomplishments and disastrous failures, steered by many forces but dominated above all by Mao Zedong.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism


Author: S. A. Smith
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667528
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 4177
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The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.

Worte des Vorsitzenden Mao Tsetung


Author: Zedong Mao
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783880212374
Category:
Page: 370
View: 8224
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A Social History of Maoist China

Conflict and Change, 1949-1976
Author: Felix Wemheuer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107565500
Category: History
Page: 340
View: 8453
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When the Chinese communists came to power in 1949, they promised to 'turn society upside down'. Efforts to build a communist society created hopes and dreams, coupled with fear and disillusionment. The Chinese people made great efforts towards modernization and social change in this period of transition, but they also experienced traumatic setbacks. Covering the period 1949 to 1976 and then tracing the legacy of the Mao era through the 1980s, Felix Wemheuer focuses on questions of class, gender, ethnicity, and the urban-rural divide in this new social history of Maoist China. He analyzes the experiences of a range of social groups under Communist rule - workers, peasants, local cadres, intellectuals, 'ethnic minorities', the old elites, men and women. To understand this tumultuous period, he argues, we must recognize the many complex challenges facing the People's Republic. But we must not lose sight of the human suffering and political terror that, for many now ageing quietly across China, remain the period's abiding memory.

Vordenker der Vernichtung

Auschwitz und die deutschen Pläne für eine neue europäische Ordnung
Author: Götz Aly,Susanne Heim
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310402572X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 8174
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Das Standardwerk über die junge Planungselite des Holocaust Es waren Tausende Professoren, Nachwuchswissenschaftler und Technokraten, die 1933 bis 1945 am Gemeinschaftsprojekt Großdeutschland begeistert arbeiteten. Junge, karrierebewusste Ernährungsfachleute, Ökonomen und andere Vordenker des NS-Staats betrachteten Europa als überbevölkerten, weithin rückständigen Kontinent, der von Deutschland beherrscht und modernisiert werden müsse. Die „Entjudung“ nutzten sie als Mittel zur Bereicherung und zur Rationalisierung der Wirtschaft. Die Ingenieure der Neuordnung drängten darauf, Grenzen zu verschieben, viele zehn Millionen Juden und Slawen zu deportieren, um für die übergroße Mehrheit der Deutschen bessere Lebensverhältnisse zu schaffen.

China and the World since 1945

An International History
Author: Chi-kwan Mark
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136644768
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 7106
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The emergence of China as a dominant regional power with global influence is a significant phenomenon in the twenty-first century. Its origin could be traced back to 1949 when the Chinese Communist Party under Mao Zedong came to power and vowed to transform China and the world. After the ‘century of humiliation’, China was in constant search of a new identity on the world stage. From alliance with the Soviet Union in the 1950s, China normalized relations with America in the 1970s and embraced the global economy and the international community since the 1980s. This book examines China’s changing relations with the two superpowers, Asian neighbours, Third World countries, and European powers. China and the World since 1945 offers an overview of China’s involvement in the Korean War, the Sino-Soviet split, Sino-American rapprochement, the end of the Cold War, and globalization. It assess the roles of security, ideology, and domestic politics in Chinese foreign policy and provides a synthesis of the latest archival-based research on China’s diplomatic history and Cold War international history This engaging new study examines the rise of China from a long-term historical perspective and will be essential to students of Chinese history and contemporary international relations.

Die vier Bücher


Author: Yan Lianke
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3732551466
Category: Fiction
Page: 351
View: 6889
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In einem Arbeitslager in der chinesischen Einöde sind Künstler und Akademiker inhaftiert, sie sollen umerzogen, ihre Loyalität zum Kommunismus soll gestärkt werden. Wie ihre Mithäftlinge sind auch die Musikerin und ihr Geliebter, der Gelehrte, dem wirksamen Belohnungssystem des Lagerkommandanten ausgesetzt. Doch dann bricht die große Hungersnot aus und die Gefangenen werden sich selbst überlassen, ein verzweifelter Überlebenskampf beginnt. Klar und poetisch erzählt Yan Lianke in VIER BÜCHER von der Zeit der großen chinesischen Hungersnot, von Liebe, Integrität, Würde und Moral im Angesicht absurden Grauens.

Mao

The Real Story
Author: Alexander V. Pantsov,Steven I. Levine
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451654499
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 784
View: 572
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This major new biography of Mao uses extensive Russian documents previously unavailable to biographers to reveal surprising details about Mao’s rise to power and his leadership in China. Mao Zedong was one of the most important figures of the twentieth century, the most important in the history of modern China. A complex figure, he was champion of the poor and brutal tyrant, poet and despot. Pantsov and Levine show Mao’s relentless drive to succeed, vividly describing his growing role in the nascent Communist Party of China. They disclose startling facts about his personal life, particularly regarding his health and his lifelong serial affairs with young women. They portray him as the loyal Stalinist that he was, who never broke with the Soviet Union until after Stalin’s death. Mao brought his country from poverty and economic backwardness into the modern age and onto the world stage. But he was also responsible for an unprecedented loss of life. The disastrous Great Leap Forward with its accompanying famine and the bloody Cultural Revolution were Mao’s creations. Internationally Mao began to distance China from the USSR under Khrushchev and shrewdly renewed relations with the U.S. as a counter to the Soviets. He lived and behaved as China’s last emperor.

Mao

das Leben eines Mannes, das Schicksal eines Volkes
Author: Jung Chang,Rong Zhang,Jon Halliday
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783570550335
Category:
Page: 974
View: 2016
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Mythos und Massenmörder - das Leben des Mao Tse-tung Es war nicht das Wohl seines Volkes, das Mao Tse-tung, dem Großen Vorsitzenden der Volksrepublik China, am Herzen lag. Es war auch nicht die kommunistische Ideologie, obwohl er ihren weltweiten Sieg anstrebte. Das Motiv von Maos Handeln war ausschließlich und zu jeder Zeit sein absoluter Wille zur Macht. Ob auf persönlicher, auf nationaler, auf internationaler Ebene - sein Machthunger war grenzenlos. Mao Tse-tung hat nicht alle, aber viele seiner Ziele erreicht, und China hat teuer dafür bezahlt: mit dem Leben von 70 Millionen Menschen. Nach ihrem Bestseller Wilde Schwäne legt Jung Chang mit "Mao" die bahnbrechende Biographie jenes Mannes vor, dem es gelang, sich zum Alleinherrscher über Hunderte Millionen Menschen aufzuschwingen. Jahrelange Archivrecherchen und zahllose Gespräche mit Zeitzeugen - mit Politikern in Ost und West, die mit Mao in Berührung gekommen waren, mit unbekannten Opfern ebenso wie mit Führungsfiguren aus Maos engsten Zirkeln, die sich nie zuvor geäußert hatten - haben die Autorin in die Lage versetzt, zum ersten Mal ein wahrheitsgetreues Bild der Mao-Ära zu zeichnen. Sie bringt die Wahrheit hinter zahlreichen, von den Kommunisten gehegten und gepflegten Mythen ans Licht und entlarvt viele, teils von Mao vorsätzlich und gekonnt verbreitete Falschdarstellungen. Jung Chang hat die letzten zwölf Jahre damit verbracht, allen Spuren dieses Menschen nachzugehen, der zu den einflussreichsten politischen Gestalten des 20. Jahrhunderts gehörte, dessen Aura Staatsmänner in aller Welt beeindruckte, und dessen Gedanken und Worte in millionenfacher Verbreitung in zahllosen Ländern auf Begeisterung stießen. Doch der Mann, den sie in ihrem Buch für den Leser lebendig werden lässt, weist ganz andere Züge auf - es sind sehr viel hässlichere. (Quelle: buchhandel.de).

Secret Ingredient Smoking and Grilling

Incredible Recipes from a Competitive Chef to Take Your BBQ to the Next Level
Author: Staci Jett
Publisher: Page Street Publishing
ISBN: 162414408X
Category: Cooking
Page: 160
View: 7633
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Smoke and Grill Like an Award-Winning Competitive Chef Create complex, authentic southern flavors with smoking secrets from American Grilled champion Staci Jett. Bring competition-worthy dishes right to your table with secret ingredients like Kentucky Bourbon Barrel Ale and Jim Beam Whisky barrel pieces, which add a rich and delicious caramel oak flavor to smoked meat; use Chop House Seasoning to make your burger taste like premium steak, or try an Old Bay dry rub to add new dimensions of flavor to Slow Smoked Baby Back Ribs. With Staci’s unique ingredients and winning techniques, you can serve next-level dishes like Kentucky Beer-Braised Beef Short Ribs smoked over cherry and oak wood, Sweet Chili Smoked Wings and Ginger Pecan Bourbon Glazed Salmon. With Staci’s mouth-watering recipes, you will create incredible and distinctive meals from your smoker and grill. Whether you’re in the mood for bison, beef, pork, duck or fish, Secret Ingredient Smoking and Grilling will show you how to take it up a notch.

The Politics of China

Sixty Years of The People's Republic of China
Author: Roderick MacFarquhar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139498223
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 2675
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Thirty years ago, China was emerging from one of the most traumatic periods in its history. The Chinese people had been ravaged by long years of domestic struggle, terrible famine and economic and political isolation. Today, China has the world's second largest economy and is a major player in global diplomacy. This volume, written by some of the leading experts in the field, tracks China's extraordinary transformation from the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, through the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution and the death of Chairman Mao, to its dynamic rise as a superpower in the twenty-first century. The latest edition of the book includes a new introduction and a seventh chapter which focuses on the legacy of Deng Xiaoping, the godfather of China's transformation, under his successors Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao.

Mao


Author: Michael Lynch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134607709
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 288
View: 4642
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Michael Lynch presents an engaging and thorough account of Mao's life and politics, making use of a wealth of primary and secondary sources. He locates Maoism in the broader context of twentieth century Chinese history, discussing the development of the Chinese Communist Party, the creation of the People's Republic of China and the Cultural Revolution, and the part played by Mao in the Cold War. Details of Mao's controversial private life as well as his political and philosophical thought add to this diverse picture of the influential leader. This well-written biography will be essential reading to anyone interested in twentieth century China and its most memorable figure.

Institutional Balancing in the Asia Pacific

Economic interdependence and China's rise
Author: Kai He
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113403055X
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 3681
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This book examines the strategic interactions among China, the United States, Japan, and Southeast Asian States in the context of China’s rise and globalization after the cold war. Engaging the mainstream theoretical debates in international relations, the author introduces a new theoretical framework—institutional realism—to explain the institutionalization of world politics in the Asia-Pacific after the cold war. Institutional realism suggests that deepening economic interdependence creates a condition under which states are more likely to conduct a new balancing strategy—institutional balancing, i.e., countering pressures or threats through initiating, utilizing, and dominating multilateral institutions—to pursue security under anarchy. To test the validity of institutional realism, Kai He examines the foreign policies of the U.S., Japan, the ASEAN states, and China toward four major multilateral institutions, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum (ARF), ASEAN Plus Three (APT), and East Asian Summit (EAS). Challenging the popular pessimistic view regarding China’s rise, the book concludes that economic interdependence and structural constraints may well soften the "dragon’s teeth." China’s rise does not mean a dark future for the region. Institutional Balancing in the Asia Pacific will be of great interest to policy makers and scholars of Asian security, international relations, Chinese foreign policy, and U.S. foreign policy.

New Perspectives on State Socialism in China


Author: Timothy Cheek,Tony Saich
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765636393
Category: History
Page: 407
View: 1527
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New perspectives are presented on an essential issue in CCP historiography: Why when things were working reasonably well by 1956 did the Chinese Communist Party alienate its supporters with radical policies? Placing CCP history firmly in the realm of social history and comparative politics, these enlightening critiques study the roots of the policy failures of the late Maoist period and the remarkable tenacity of the CCP. New insights, surfacing from case studies from the 1990s and recently available documents, address the following: Why is state socialism in China neither the wonder that some hope for nor a total failure? Why has the CCP remained China's only party, while the CPSU in the former Soviet Union -- and particularly the Eastern European socialist regimes that were the same age as China's -- collapsed so quickly? Are there any clues to the CCP's current longevity and radical reforms under party leadership to be found in the formative period of this one-party state?

Mao's Great Famine

The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62
Author: Frank Dikötter
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1408814447
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 5771
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Winner of the BBC Samuel Johnson Prize for Non-Fiction 2011 Between 1958 and 1962, 45 million Chinese people were worked, starved or beaten to death. Mao Zedong threw his country into a frenzy with the Great Leap Forward, an attempt to catch up with and overtake the Western world in less than fifteen years. It lead to one of the greatest catastrophes the world has ever known. Dikotter's extraordinary research within Chinese archives brings together for the first time what happened in the corridors of power with the everyday experiences of ordinary people, giving voice to the dead and disenfranchised. This groundbreaking account definitively recasts the history of the People's Republic of China.

Die chinesische Kulturrevolution

1966-1976
Author: Daniel Leese
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406688403
Category: History
Page: 128
View: 5230
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Die „Große Proletarische Kulturrevolution“ zählt zu den prägendsten Ereignissen der neueren chinesischen Geschichte. Die Auswirkungen dieses Kontinuitätsbruchs prägen die Kommunistische Partei Chinas und die chinesische Gesellschaft bis heute. Gegen die noch immer andauernde Mystifizierung der Kulturrevolution setzt Daniel Leese auf eine umfassende Historisierung. Anschaulich informiert er über Ursachen, Verlauf und Folgen. Im Fokus steht nicht nur die Rolle Mao Zedongs, sondern auch gesellschaftliche Entwicklungen und regionale Unterschiede.