Science and Technology of Organic Farming


Author: Allen V. Barker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439882134
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 240
View: 9194

Winner of a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title Award for 2011! Organic farming is not only a philosophy, but also a well-researched science that combines soil fertility, plant pathology, entomology, and other biological and environmental sciences. Science and Technology of Organic Farming is a concise, readily applicable resource for understanding the scientific basis for organic farming and the technology required to achieve adequate yields through plant nutrition and protection. It provides the tools necessary to dispel hampering myths about organic farming so farmers – regardless of their experience – can strengthen their own growing practices. Emphasizes Foundations of Organic Farming – Composting, Cover Crops, & Farm Manures Addressing relevant issues and concepts along with practical applications, chapters cover soil fertility and plant nutrition; individual plant requirements; liming; farm manures, green manures, and composts; mulching and tillage; and weed, insect, and disease control, as well as companion planting and storage. The text also includes more than 50 illustrations and a glossary with common technical and scientific terms used in conventional and organic agriculture. This valuable reference is ideal for farmers, agricultural advisers, and soil and plant scientists – in both academia and industry.

Farm Management


Author: William Edwards,Patricia Duffy,Ronald Kay
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
ISBN: 1259218457
Category:
Page: 466
View: 5310

This text is developed for the first course in Farm Management, typically taken by a junior/senior level student. Designed to introduce students to the key concepts on how to effectively manage a farm business, the eighth edition provides students with the basic information needed to measure management performance, financial progress, and the financial condition of the farm business.

Soil Science and Management


Author: Edward Plaster
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285667484
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 8101

Gain a practical understanding of soil properties and the soil management techniques most important for the effective use of soils with SOIL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT, 6E. This non-technical, reader-friendly book details all aspects of effective soil usage, including management techniques, composition, fertility, erosion, conservation,and irrigation in this practical guide. This edition highlights horticultural uses of soil as well as the latest green methodologies in both agricultural and horticultural practice from the perspective of farmers, horticulturalists, environmentalists and others who are concerned about how soils work and how they can be used most effectively. This edition further examines nutrient management and best practices with the latest updates on legal issues and government programs that make it a useful resource now and invaluable reference for the future. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Perspectives for Agroecosystem Management:

Balancing Environmental and Socio-economic Demands
Author: Peter Schroder,J. Pfadenhauer,J. Munch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080556390
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 456
View: 5612

Sustainable agriculture is a key concept for scientists, researchers, and agricultural engineers alike. This book focuses on the FAM- project (FAM Munich Research Network on Agroecosystems) of the 1990s as a means to assessing, forecasting, and evaluating changes in the agroecosystems that are necessary for agricultural sustainability. The management of two separate management systems: an organic and an integrated farming system are described to provide an interdisciplinary approach Changes of matter fluxes in soils, changes of trace gas fluxes from soils, precision farming in a small scale heterogen landscape, influence of management changes on flora and fauna, as well as the development of agroecosystem models, the assessment of soil variability and the changes in nutrient status are important aspects of this book. * Contains detailed results and insight of a long-time project on agricultural sustainability * Provides an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive understanding by scientists and researchers of soil, plants, agriculture, and environment * Includes an international perspective

The Art and Science of Grazing

How Grass Farmers Can Create Sustainable Systems for Healthy Animals and Farm Ecosystems
Author: Sarah Flack
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1603586113
Category: Grazing
Page: 240
View: 6670

Grazing management might seem simple: just put livestock in a pasture and let them eat their fill. However, as Sarah Flack explains in The Art and Science of Grazing, the pasture/livestock relationship is incredibly complex. If a farmer doesn’t pay close attention to how the animals are grazing, the resulting poorly managed grazing system can be harmful to the health of the livestock, pasture plants, and soils. Well-managed pastures can instead create healthier animals, a diverse and resilient pasture ecosystem, and other benefits. Flack delves deeply below the surface of “let the cows eat grass,” demonstrating that grazing management is a sophisticated science that requires mastery of plant and animal physiology, animal behavior, and ecology. She also shows readers that applying grazing management science on a working farm is an art form that calls on grass farmers to be careful observers, excellent planners and record-keepers, skillful interpreters of their observations, and creative troubleshooters. The Art and Science of Grazing will allow farmers to gain a solid understanding of the key principles of grazing management so they can both design and manage successful grazing systems. The book’s unique approach presents information first from the perspective of pasture plants, and then from the livestock perspective—helping farmers understand both plant and animal needs before setting up a grazing system. This book is an essential guide for ruminant farmers who want to be able to create grazing systems that meet the needs of their livestock, pasture plants, soils, and the larger ecosystem. The book discusses all the practical details that are critical for sustained success: how to set up a new system or improve existing systems; acreage calculations; paddock layout; fence and drinking water access; lanes and other grazing infrastructure; managing livestock movement and flow; soil fertility; seeding and reseeding pastures; and more. The author includes descriptions of real grazing systems working well on dairy, beef, goat, and sheep farms in different regions of North America. The book covers pasture requirements specific to organic farming, but will be of use to both organic and non-organic farms.

Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development

Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development
Author: Sieglinde Snapp,Barry Pound
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128020954
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 558
View: 2474

Agricultural Systems, Second Edition, is a comprehensive text for developing sustainable farming systems. It presents a synthetic overview of the emerging area of agroecology applications to transforming farming systems and supporting rural innovation, with particular emphasis on how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture. The inclusion of research theory and examples using the principles of cropping system design allows students to gain a unique understanding of the technical, biological, ecological, economic and sociological aspects of farming systems science for rural livelihoods. This book explores topics such as: re-inventing farming systems; principles and practice of agroecology; agricultural change and low-input technology; ecologically-based nutrient management; participatory breeding for developing improved and relevant crops; participatory livestock research for development; gender and agrarian inequality at the local scale; the nature of agricultural innovation; and outreach to support rural innovation. The extensive coverage of subjects is complemented with integrated references and a companion website, making this book essential reading for courses in international agricultural systems and management, sustainable agricultural management, and cropping systems. This book will be a valuable resource for students of agricultural science, environmental engineering, and rural planning; researchers and scientists in agricultural development agencies; and practitioners of agricultural development in government extension programs, development agencies, and NGOs. Provides students with an enhanced understanding of how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture Incorporates social, biological, chemical, and geographical aspects important to agroecology Addresses social and development issues related to farming systems

Storey's Guide to Raising Pigs, 3rd Edition

Care, Facilities, Management, Breeds
Author: Kelly Klober
Publisher: Storey Publishing
ISBN: 1603426868
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 374
View: 4844

Learn how to successfully raise your own pigs. Stressing the importance of sustainable and environmentally friendly farming practices, Kelly Klober provides expert tips on making your hog operation more efficient and profitable. Storey’s Guide to Raising Pigs will give beginners the confidence they need to succeed, while inspiring experienced farmers to try new techniques and experiment with new breeds.

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Tools, Strategies, and Challenges for Woody Crops
Author: Ivan Francisco Garcia Tejero,Victor Hugo Duran Zuazo
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128131659
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 582
View: 6647

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment: Tools, Strategies and Challenges for Woody Crops explores the complex relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use efficiency, crop-water stress management and modeling water scarcity in woody crops. Understanding these cause- and effect relationships and identifying the most appropriate responses are critical for sustainable crop production. The book focuses on Mediterranean environments to explain how to determine the most appropriate strategy and implement an effective plan; however, core concepts are translational to other regions. Informative for those working in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology and sustainable agriculture. Focuses on semi-arid crops including olive, vine, citrus, almonds, peach, nectarine, plum, subtropical fruits and others Explores crop physiological responses to drought at plant, cellular and/or molecular levels Presents tool options for assessing crop-water status and irrigation scheduling

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems


Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080931391
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 464
View: 2593

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face. Questions it addresses include: Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by 2050? Will we be able to meet the need for so much more food while simultaneously reducing adverse environmental effects of today’s agriculture practices? Will we be able to produce the additional food using less land and water than we use now? These are among the most important challenges that face our planet in the coming decades. The broad themes of food systems and people, agriculture and the environment, the science of agriculture, agricultural products, and agricultural production systems are covered in more than 200 separate chapters of this work. The book provides information that serves as the foundation for discussion of the food and environment challenges of the world. An international group of highly respected authors addresses these issues from a global perspective and provides the background, references, and linkages for further exploration of each of topics of this comprehensive work. Addresses important challenges of sustainability and efficiency from a global perspective. Takes a detailed look at the important issues affecting the agricultural and food industries today. Full colour throughout.

Chemistry in Its Applications to Agriculture and Physiology


Author: Justus Freiherr von Liebig
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agricultural chemistry
Page: 418
View: 7194



Soil-Specific Farming

Precision Agriculture
Author: Rattan Lal,B.A. Stewart
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482245345
Category: Nature
Page: 431
View: 526

Faced with challenges of resource scarcity and environmental degradation, it is important to adopt innovative farming systems that maximize resource efficiency while protecting the environment. Soil-Specific Farming: Precision Agriculture focuses on principles and applications of soil-specific farming, providing information on rapidly evolving agricultural technologies. It addresses assessments of soil variability and application of modern innovations to enhance use efficiency of fertilizers, irrigation, tillage, and pesticides through targeted management of soils and crops. This book provides the technological basis of adopting and promoting precision agriculture (PA) for addressing the issues of resource scarcity, environmental pollution, and climate change. It focuses specifically on PA technologies and discusses historical evolution, soil variability at different scales, soil fertility and nutrient management, water quality, land leveling techniques, and special ecosystems involving small landholders and coastal regions. Highlighting the scale-related issues and concerns of small landholders, the text details the efficient use of resources on the basis of soil/field variability and site-specific conditions. It examines how PA technology can increase productivity, enhance profitability, and minimize environmental degradation. Woven throughout is the theme of sustainable use of resources.

Holistic Management, Third Edition

A Commonsense Revolution to Restore Our Environment
Author: Allan Savory
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 161091743X
Category: Nature
Page: 552
View: 8312

"Holistic Management is a systems-thinking approach developed by biologist Allan Savory to restore the world's grassland soils and minimize the damaging effects of climate change and desertification on humans and the natural world. This long-awaited third edition of this title is comprehensively updated with reorganized, stramlined chapters and new color photos featuring before-and-after examples of land restored through livestock manipulation designed to mimic wildlife migrations of the past. Written for new generations of ranchers, farmers, pastoralists, social entrepreneurs, government agencies, and NGOs working to address global environmental degradation, it offers new hope for a sustainable future."--Page [4] of cover.

Scientific Farm Animal Production

An Introduction to Animal Science
Author: Thomas Gordon Field,Robert E. Taylor
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780135111499
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 652
View: 6800

Synopsis: The ninth edition of this best-selling book examines the biological principles, scientific relationships, and management practices of livestock production. Blending the discussion of science, disciplines and industries, it effectively introduces readers to Animal Science using a breadth and depth that is unparalleled. Following a logical organization, it first discusses animal products, then basic biological principles (growth, genetics, reproduction, nutrition, health, etc.) and finally the feeding, breeding and management of primary livestock industries. It also gives readers insight into the societal issues surrounding the livestock industry and an overview of the careers and opportunities available within the field.

Functional Diversity of Mycorrhiza and Sustainable Agriculture

Management to Overcome Biotic and Abiotic Stresses
Author: Michael J. Goss,Mário Carvalho,Isabel Brito
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128042869
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 254
View: 4404

Functional Diversity of Mycorrhiza and Sustainable Agriculture is the first book to present the core concepts of working with Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve agricultural crop productivity. Highlighting the use of indigenous AM fungi for agriculture, the book includes details on how to maintain and promote AM fungal diversity to improve sustainability and cost-effectiveness. As the need to improve production while restricting scarce inputs and preventing environmental impacts increases, the use of AMF offers an important option for exploiting the soil microbial population. It can enhance nutrient cycling and minimize the impacts of biotic and abiotic stresses, such as soil-borne disease, drought, and metal toxicity. The book offers land managers, policymakers, soil scientists, and agronomists a novel approach to utilizing soil microbiology in improving agricultural practices. Provides a new approach to exploiting the benefits of mycorrhizas for sustainable arable agricultural production using indigenous AMF populations and adopting appropriate crop production techniques Bridges the gap between soil microbiology, including increasing knowledge of mycorrhiza and agronomy Presents real-world practical insights and application-based results, including a chapter focused primarily on case studies Includes extensive illustrative diagrams and photographs

Agricultural Sustainability

Progress and Prospects in Crop Research
Author: Gurbir S. Bhullar,Navreet K. Bhullar
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124046088
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 310
View: 5182

Collaboratively written by top international experts and established scientists in various fields of agricultural research, this book focuses on the state of food production and sustainability; the problems with degradation of valuable sources of land, water, and air and their effects on food crops; the increasing demand of food resources; and the challenges of food security worldwide. The book provides cutting edge scientific tools and methods of research as well as solid background information that is accessible for those who have a strong interest in agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the challenges facing the global agricultural production systems. Provides cutting edge scientific tools and available technologies for research Addresses the effects of climate change and the population explosion on food supply and offers solutions to combat them Written by a range of experts covering a broad range of agriculture-related disciplines

The Organic Farmer's Business Handbook

A Complete Guide to Managing Finances, Crops, and Staff - and Making a Profit
Author: Richard Wiswall
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1603582495
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 224
View: 3626

Contrary to popular belief, a good living can be made on an organic farm. What’s required is farming smarter, not harder. In The Organic Farmer’s Business Handbook, Richard Wiswall shares advice on how to make your vegetable production more efficient, better manage your employees and finances, and turn a profit. From his twenty-seven years of experience at Cate Farm in Vermont, Wiswall knows firsthand the joys of starting and operating an organic farm—as well as the challenges of making a living from one. Farming offers fundamental satisfaction from producing food, working outdoors, being one’s own boss, and working intimately with nature. But, unfortunately, many farmers avoid learning about the business end of farming; because of this, they often work harder than they need to, or quit farming altogether because of frustrating—and often avoidable—losses. In this comprehensive business kit, Wiswall covers: Step-by-step procedures to make your crop production more efficient Advice on managing employees, farm operations, and office systems Novel marketing strategies What to do with your profits: business spending, investing, and planning for retirement A companion CD offers valuable business tools, including easy-to-use spreadsheets for projecting cash flow, a payroll calculator, comprehensive crop budgets for forty different crops, and tax planners.

Smart Technologies for Sustainable Smallholder Agriculture

Upscaling in Developing Countries
Author: David Chikoye,Therese Gondwe,Nhamo Nhamo
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128105224
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 330
View: 2952

Smart Technologies for Sustainable Smallholder Agriculture: Upscaling in Developing Countries defines integrated climate smart agricultural technologies (ICSAT) as a suite of interconnected techniques and practices that enhance quantity and quality of agricultural products with minimum impact on the environment. These ICSAT are centered on three main pillars, increased production and income, adaptation and resilience to climate change, and minimizing GHG emissions. This book brings together technologies contributing to the three pillars, explains the context in which they can be scaled up, and identifies research and development gaps as areas requiring further investigation. It stresses the urgency in critically analyzing and recommending ICSAT and scaling out the efforts of both developing and disseminating these in an integrated manner. The book discusses, synthesizes, and offers alternative solutions to agriculture production systems and socio-economic development. It brings together biophysical and socioeconomic disciplines in evaluating suitable ICSAT in an effort to help reduce poverty and food insecurity. Highlights the research gaps and opportunities on climate smart agricultural technologies and institutional arrangements Provides information on institutional engagements that are inclusive of value chain actors that support partnerships and the development of interactive platforms Elaborates some of the effects of climate extremes on production and socioeconomic development on small farms whose impact has potentially large impact

Farm Power and Machinery Management

Tenth Edition
Author: Donnell Hunt
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478609079
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 368
View: 3961

Mechanization is an integral part of all North American farms. While farm machinery has improved the efficiency of farming dramatically over the years, the costs of owning and operating machinery can be excessive. Proper management and optimization of mechanized equipment are essential for reducing costs and maximizing profits. Farm Power and Machinery Management analyzes the factors that comprise machinery management, explains the functions of the various machines and mechanisms as they affect economic operation, and offers contemporary approaches and procedures for making management decisions. The authoritative coverage of management principles and the machinery-operating details make this text an outstanding choice for courses in agricultural education, agricultural mechanization, agricultural business, and agricultural engineering. An understanding of agricultural practices, college algebra, and trigonometry are adequate preparation for using this text. Abundant figures, photographs, and charts, along with laboratory exercises that amplify and fix the concepts of farm machinery management in the readers mind, enhance the texts effectiveness for students, as well as for farmers, farm operators, and farm managers.

The Illinois Agriculturist


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: N.A
View: 3327



Operations Management in Agriculture


Author: Claus Aage Gron Sorensen,Dionysis Bochtis,Dimitris Kateris
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128097861
Category:
Page: 348
View: 3162

Operations Management in Agriculture bridges the knowledge gap on operations management for agricultural machinery. It complements traditional topics (cost of using and choosing machinery) with advanced engineering approaches recently applied in agricultural machinery management (area coverage planning and sequential scheduling). The book covers new technologies in bio-production systems (robotics, IoT) and environmental compliance by employing a systems engineering perspective with focuses on sub-systems, including advanced optimization, supply chain systems, sustainability, autonomous vehicles and IT-driven decision-making. It will be a valuable resource for students studying decision-making and those working to improve the efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of production through machinery choice. Covers agricultural machinery management related courses and a number of other courses within the agricultural engineering discipline Provides core tools for machine operations management, including machinery selection and cost of usage Presents current knowledge for agricultural machinery management in a science-based format