Farming on the Edge, the Nature of Traditional Farmland in Europe

Proceedings of the Fourth European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, 2-4 November 1994, Trujillo, Spain
Author: Eric M Bignal,David I McCracken,Susan E. Wenlock
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agricultural ecology
Page: 216
View: 2587
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Presented in English, French or Spanish, with summaries in the same languages, this title contains the proceedings of the Fourth European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, held in 1994. This major meeting of scientists, conservationists and land-users discussed nature conservation and extensive agriculture throughout Europe.

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge
Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402035067
Category: Nature
Page: 650
View: 7439
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Enviroment, mountain biodiversity, ecological changes.

Challenges for Agricultural Research


Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 926409010X
Category:
Page: 304
View: 6999
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This publication presents twenty papers delivered at an OECD conference on agricultural research. They highlight recent major progress in agricultural research outcomes and address the challenges that lie ahead.

Biocultural Diversity in Europe


Author: Mauro Agnoletti,Francesca Emanueli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319263153
Category: Science
Page: 537
View: 9204
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The book collects a selection of the papers presented at the meeting held in the context of the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). Recognizing the inextricable link between biological and cultural diversity, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 launched the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). The first meeting for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence Declaration, which highlights the concept of biocultural diversity. The European rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional landscape, providing a crucial and effective space for integration of biological and cultural diversity, suggesting the need to revise some of the current strategies for the assessment and management of biodiversity.

Nature and National Identity After Communism

Globalizing the Ethnoscape
Author: Katrina Z. S. Schwartz
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822973146
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 5049
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In this groundbreaking book, Katrina Schwartz examines the intersection of environmental politics, globalization, and national identity in a small East European country: modern-day Latvia. Based on extensive ethnographic research and lively discourse analysis, it explores that country's post-Soviet responses to European assistance and political pressure in nature management, biodiversity conservation, and rural development. These responses were shaped by hotly contested notions of national identity articulated as contrasting visions of the “ideal” rural landscape. The players in this story include Latvian farmers and other traditional rural dwellers, environmental advocates, and professionals with divided attitudes toward new European approaches to sustainable development. An entrenched set of forestry and land management practices, with roots in the Soviet and pre-Soviet eras, confront growing international pressures on a small country to conform to current (Western) notions of environmental responsibility—notions often perceived by Latvians to be at odds with local interests. While the case is that of Latvia, the dynamics Schwartz explores have wide applicability and speak powerfully to broader theoretical discussions about sustainable development, social constructions of nature, the sources of nationalism, and the impacts of globalization and regional integration on the traditional nation-state.

The Killing Of The Countryside


Author: Graham Harvey
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448112974
Category: Law
Page: 240
View: 8854
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Over then past fifty years the British countryside has changed out of all recognition. A wide range of wildlife species are disappearing - victims of modern intensive farming, of pesticides and fertilisers and the sheer relentless pressure to maximise output from every hedge bank and field corner. It need not have happened. The loss of our wildlife and countryside has come about through a deliberate and sustained national policy, one that costs the British people 8 billion a year. The Killing of the Countryside is a devastating attack on modern British agricultural policy and practice and a plea for a return to natural cycles, an end to subsidies and the domination of agribusiness, and for a safe, sustainable farming system. Winner of the 1997 BP Natural World Book Award.

Sowing the Seeds for Sustainability

Agriculture, Biodiversity, Economics and Society : Proceedings of the Eighth Interactive Session Held at the Second IUCN World Conservation Congress, Amman, Jordan, 7 October 2000
Author: Rachel Wiseman,Liz Hopkins
Publisher: IUCN
ISBN: 2831706327
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 133
View: 2320
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Agriculture is one of the most important influences on biological diversity. Conventional agriculture has heavily contributed to reducing the diversity of ecosystems, species and genes, but it has also created new diversity. The eighth Interactive Session of the 2nd World Conservation Congress dealt with a broad spectrum of agricultural issues from around the world and examined the linkages between biodiversity, economy and society. This publication represents the opinions and issues raised by those participating in the Session, and it contains both the papers prepared by presenters and contributions from those unable to attend.

Conservation Biology


Author: Andrew S. Pullin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521644822
Category: Nature
Page: 345
View: 1224
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This colourful textbook introduces students to conservation biology, the science of preserving biodiversity.

Guidelines for Native Seed Production and Grassland Restoration


Author: Kathrin Kiehl,Anita Kirmer,Nancy Shaw
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443861855
Category: Science
Page: 315
View: 1468
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World-wide, the degradation and destruction of both natural and traditionally used semi-natural ecosystems is drastically increasing. Unfortunately, commercial seed mixtures, consisting of non-native species and genetically uniform cultivars, are widely used in grassland restoration, often with negative effects on biodiversity. Therefore, native species should be used in the ecological restoration of natural and semi-natural vegetation. This book compiles results from recent studies presented at a Special Session “Native seed production and use in restoration projects”, which was organised during the 8th European Conference on Ecological Restoration in České Budějovice, Czech Republic. The authors review the ecological and genetic aspects of seed propagation and species introduction both from a European and an American perspective, and discuss implications for the development of seed zones and for native seed production. Examples from different countries focus on native seed production in practice, and suggest different approaches for the certification of seed provenance. Best practice examples from Europe and the United States are used to indicate the advantages of using native seeds for ecological restoration of grasslands, field margins and sagebrush steppe. Finally, this volume also provides guidelines for the successful implementation of restoration projects for local authorities, landscape planners and NGOs in order to bridge gaps between research and practice.

Sustainable Communities on a Sustainable Planet

The Human-Environment Regional Observatory Project
Author: Brent Yarnal,Colin Polsky,James O'Brien
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139483605
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 9514
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Scientists and policymakers have realised that localities are central to addressing the causes and consequences of global environmental change. The goal of the Human-Environment Regional Observatory project (HERO) was to develop the infrastructure necessary to monitor and understand the local dimensions of global change. This book presents the philosophy behind HERO, the methods used to put that philosophy into action, its results, and the lessons learned from the project. HERO used three strategies: it developed research protocols and data standards for collecting data; it built a web-based networking environment to help investigators share data, analyses and ideas from remote locations; and investigators field-tested these concepts by applying them in diverse biophysical and socioeconomic settings - central Massachusetts, central Pennsylvania, southwestern Kansas, and the US-Mexico border region of Arizona. The book highlights the unique focus of HERO regarding thinking and acting on complex, integrative, and interdisciplinary global change science at local scales, and is valuable for global change scientists.

The Wild and the Sown

Botany and Agriculture in Western Europe, 1350-1850
Author: Mauro Ambrosoli
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521465090
Category: Gardening
Page: 460
View: 697
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This book describes the spread of new agricultural practice in the half millennium after 1350, and reconstructs a neglected part of Europe's agricultural past: the introduction of fodder crops, and the continuous reorganisation of traditional botanical inputs within a new system of farming. It breaks entirely new ground by showing the distant historical origins of a major transformation in land potential and farm productivity. A vast range of evidence is cited from Italy, France, England and elsewhere to produce in effect an economic, social and cultural history of Europe in which the focus is on the long-distance consequences of the 'agricultural revolution'.

Land Degradation

Creation and Destruction
Author: Douglas L. Johnson,Laurence A. Lewis
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742519480
Category: Science
Page: 303
View: 2414
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This up-to-date, second edition of Land Degradation explores substantial decreases in the land's biological productivity or usefulness to humans due to human activities. Case studies cover the history of land degradation, local and regional effects of human interactions with the environment, and both negative and positive aspects of land modification. Extensively illustrated, Land Degradation can be used as the primary text in a course of the same name or as a supplement in courses covering land use, environmental change, and sustainability.

The Nation


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 4779
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The Country Gentleman


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: N.A
View: 1023
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The Literary Digest


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 3102
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The Illustrated London News


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 1119
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English Mechanics and the World of Science


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology
Page: N.A
View: 1679
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Nordic Landscapes

Region and Belonging on the Northern Edge of Europe
Author: Michael Jones
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 0816639140
Category: History
Page: 628
View: 4652
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"Norden"-the region along the northern edge of Europe bordered by Russia and the Baltic nations to the east and by North America to the west-is a particularly fruitful site for the examination of the ever-evolving meaning of landscape and region as place. Contributors to this work reveal how Norden's regions and people have been defined by and against the dominant culture of Europe while at the same time their landscapes and cultures have shaped and inspired Europe's ways of life. Together, the essays provide a much-needed picture of this culturally rich and geographically varied part of the world. Contributors: Ingvild Austad, Sogn og Fjordane U College; Gabriel Bladh, Karlstad U; Tomas Germundsson, Lund U; Jens Christian Hansen, U of Bergen; Kirsten Hastrup, U of Copenhagen; Leif Hauge, Sogn og Fjordane U College; Maunu Häyrynen, U of Turku; Margareta Ihse, Stockholm U; Ari Aukusti Lehtinen, U of Joensuu; Anders Lundberg, U of Bergen; W. R. Mead, U College London; Ann Norderhaug, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research; Venke Åsheim Olsen; Anssi Paasi, U of Oulu; Helle Skånes, Stockholm U; Bo Wagner Sørensen, Roskilde U; Ulf Sporrong, Stockholm U; Nils Storå, Åbo Academy U; Arne Thorsteinsson. Michael Jones is professor of geography at the University of Trondheim. Kenneth R. Olwig is professor of landscape theory at the Department of Landscape Architecture of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences at Alnarp (SLU-Alnarp).

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress
Author: United States. Congress
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 2390
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