Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems


Author: Dimiter R. Avresky,David R. Kaeli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461554497
Category: Computers
Page: 401
View: 3562
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The most important use of computing in the future will be in the context of the global "digital convergence" where everything becomes digital and every thing is inter-networked. The application will be dominated by storage, search, retrieval, analysis, exchange and updating of information in a wide variety of forms. Heavy demands will be placed on systems by many simultaneous re quests. And, fundamentally, all this shall be delivered at much higher levels of dependability, integrity and security. Increasingly, large parallel computing systems and networks are providing unique challenges to industry and academia in dependable computing, espe cially because of the higher failure rates intrinsic to these systems. The chal lenge in the last part of this decade is to build a systems that is both inexpensive and highly available. A machine cluster built of commodity hardware parts, with each node run ning an OS instance and a set of applications extended to be fault resilient can satisfy the new stringent high-availability requirements. The focus of this book is to present recent techniques and methods for im plementing fault-tolerant parallel and distributed computing systems. Section I, Fault-Tolerant Protocols, considers basic techniques for achieving fault-tolerance in communication protocols for distributed systems, including synchronous and asynchronous group communication, static total causal order ing protocols, and fail-aware datagram service that supports communications by time.

Digest of papers

the 1992 IEEE Workshop on Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems, July 6-7, 1992, Amherst, Massachusetts
Author: IEEE Computer Society. Fault-Tolerant Computing Technical Committee
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780818628726
Category: Computers
Page: 233
View: 7072
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Fault-Tolerant Message-Passing Distributed Systems

An Algorithmic Approach
Author: Michel Raynal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319941410
Category: Computers
Page: 459
View: 4868
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This book presents the most important fault-tolerant distributed programming abstractions and their associated distributed algorithms, in particular in terms of reliable communication and agreement, which lie at the heart of nearly all distributed applications. These programming abstractions, distributed objects or services, allow software designers and programmers to cope with asynchrony and the most important types of failures such as process crashes, message losses, and malicious behaviors of computing entities, widely known under the term "Byzantine fault-tolerance". The author introduces these notions in an incremental manner, starting from a clear specification, followed by algorithms which are first described intuitively and then proved correct. The book also presents impossibility results in classic distributed computing models, along with strategies, mainly failure detectors and randomization, that allow us to enrich these models. In this sense, the book constitutes an introduction to the science of distributed computing, with applications in all domains of distributed systems, such as cloud computing and blockchains. Each chapter comes with exercises and bibliographic notes to help the reader approach, understand, and master the fascinating field of fault-tolerant distributed computing.

Hardware and software fault tolerance in parallel computing systems


Author: Dimitri Ranguelov Avresky
Publisher: Ellis Horwood Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 334
View: 5167
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Fault-tolerant Agreement in Synchronous Message-passing Systems


Author: Michel Raynal
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608455254
Category: Computers
Page: 167
View: 3470
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The present book focuses on the way to cope with the uncertainty created by process failures (crash, omission failures and Byzantine behavior) in synchronous message-passing systems (i.e., systems whose progress is governed by the passage of time). To that end, the book considers fundamental problems that distributed synchronous processes have to solve. These fundamental problems concern agreement among processes (if processes are unable to agree in one way or another in presence of failures, no non-trivial problem can be solved). They are consensus, interactive consistency, k-set agreement and non-blocking atomic commit. Being able to solve these basic problems efficiently with provable guarantees allows applications designers to give a precise meaning to the words "cooperate" and "agree" despite failures, and write distributed synchronous programs with properties that can be stated and proved. Hence, the aim of the book is to present a comprehensive view of agreement problems, algorithms that solve them and associated computability bounds in synchronous message-passing distributed systems. Table of Contents: List of Figures / Synchronous Model, Failure Models, and Agreement Problems / Consensus and Interactive Consistency in the Crash Failure Model / Expedite Decision in the Crash Failure Model / Simultaneous Consensus Despite Crash Failures / From Consensus to k-Set Agreement / Non-Blocking Atomic Commit in Presence of Crash Failures / k-Set Agreement Despite Omission Failures / Consensus Despite Byzantine Failures / Byzantine Consensus in Enriched Models

1998 International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems

December 14-16, 1998, Tainan, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Author: Chyi-Nan Chen,Lionel M. Li
Publisher: IEEE Computer Society
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 826
View: 575
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Proceedings of the December 1998 conference. One hundred contributions cover architecture, mobile computing, Internet technology, database systems and applications, multimedia, interconnection network, high-speed networking, parallel/distributed computing and system supports, fault tolerance/real time, and compilation for parallelism. Contains an author list but no subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Parallel and Distributed Processing

10th International IPPS/SPDP'98 Workshops, Held in Conjunction with the 12th International Parallel Processing Symposium and 9th Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing, Orlando, Florida, USA, March 30 - April 3, 1998, Proceedings
Author: José D. P. Rolim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540643593
Category: Computers
Page: 1168
View: 599
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of 10 international workshops held in conjunction with the merged 1998 IPPS/SPDP symposia, held in Orlando, Florida, US in March/April 1998. The volume comprises 118 revised full papers presenting cutting-edge research or work in progress. In accordance with the workshops covered, the papers are organized in topical sections on reconfigurable architectures, run-time systems for parallel programming, biologically inspired solutions to parallel processing problems, randomized parallel computing, solving combinatorial optimization problems in parallel, PC based networks of workstations, fault-tolerant parallel and distributed systems, formal methods for parallel programming, embedded HPC systems and applications, and parallel and distributed real-time systems.

Parallel and Distributed Processing

15 IPDPS 2000 Workshops Cancun, Mexico, May 1–5, 2000 Proceedings
Author: Jose Rolim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354067442X
Category: Computers
Page: 667
View: 1197
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This volume contains the proceedings from the workshops held in conjunction with the IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2000, on 1-5 May 2000 in Cancun, Mexico. The workshopsprovidea forum for bringing together researchers,practiti- ers, and designers from various backgrounds to discuss the state of the art in parallelism.Theyfocusondi erentaspectsofparallelism,fromruntimesystems to formal methods, from optics to irregular problems, from biology to networks of personal computers, from embedded systems to programming environments; the following workshops are represented in this volume: { Workshop on Personal Computer Based Networks of Workstations { Workshop on Advances in Parallel and Distributed Computational Models { Workshop on Par. and Dist. Comp. in Image, Video, and Multimedia { Workshop on High-Level Parallel Prog. Models and Supportive Env. { Workshop on High Performance Data Mining { Workshop on Solving Irregularly Structured Problems in Parallel { Workshop on Java for Parallel and Distributed Computing { WorkshoponBiologicallyInspiredSolutionsto ParallelProcessingProblems { Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Real-Time Systems { Workshop on Embedded HPC Systems and Applications { Recon gurable Architectures Workshop { Workshop on Formal Methods for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Optics and Computer Science { Workshop on Run-Time Systems for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems All papers published in the workshops proceedings were selected by the p- gram committee on the basis of referee reports. Each paper was reviewed by independent referees who judged the papers for originality, quality, and cons- tency with the themes of the workshops.

Communication and Agreement Abstractions for Fault-tolerant Asynchronous Distributed Systems


Author: Michel Raynal
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 160845293X
Category: Computers
Page: 251
View: 2583
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Understanding distributed computing is not an easy task. This is due to the many facets of uncertainty one has to cope with and master in order to produce correct distributed software. Considering the uncertainty created by asynchrony and process crash failures in the context of message-passing systems, the book focuses on the main abstractions that one has to understand and master in order to be able to produce software with guaranteed properties. These fundamental abstractions are communication abstractions that allow the processes to communicate consistently (namely the register abstraction and the reliable broadcast abstraction), and the consensus agreement abstractions that allows them to cooperate despite failures. As they give a precise meaning to the words "communicate" and "agree" despite asynchrony and failures, these abstractions allow distributed programs to be designed with properties that can be stated and proved. Impossibility results are associated with these abstractions. Hence, in order to circumvent these impossibilities, the book relies on the failure detector approach, and, consequently, that approach to fault-tolerance is central to the book. Table of Contents: List of Figures / The Atomic Register Abstraction / Implementing an Atomic Register in a Crash-Prone Asynchronous System / The Uniform Reliable Broadcast Abstraction / Uniform Reliable Broadcast Abstraction Despite Unreliable Channels / The Consensus Abstraction / Consensus Algorithms for Asynchronous Systems Enriched with Various Failure Detectors / Constructing Failure Detectors

Distributed Computing and Networking

15th International Conference, ICDCN 2014, Coimbatore, India, January 4-7, 2014, Proceedings
Author: Mainak Chatterjee,Jian-nong Cao,Kishore Kothapalli,Sergio Rajsbaum
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642452493
Category: Computers
Page: 552
View: 7944
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking, ICDCN 2014, held in Coimbatore, India, in January 2014. The 32 full papers and 8 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 110 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: mutual exclusion, agreement and consensus; parallel and multi-core computing; distributed algorithms; transactional memory; P2P and distributed networks; resource sharing and scheduling; cellular and cognitive radio networks and backbone networks.

Parallel Computer Architectures

Theory, Hardware, Software, Applications
Author: Arndt Bode,Mario Dal Cin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662215772
Category: Computers
Page: 316
View: 6716
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Parallel computer architectures are now going to real applications! This fact is demonstrated by the large number of application areas covered in this book (see section on applications of parallel computer architectures). The applications range from image analysis to quantum mechanics and data bases. Still, the use of parallel architectures poses serious problems and requires the development of new techniques and tools. This book is a collection of best papers presented at the first workshop on two major research activities at the Universitiit Erlangen-Niirnberg and Technis che Universitiit Miinchen. At both universities, more than 100 researchers are working in the field of multiprocessor systems and network configurations and methods and tools for parallel systems. Indeed, the German Science Founda tion (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) has been sponsoring the projects under grant numbers SFB 182 and SFB 342. Research grants in the form of a Sonder forschungsbereich are given to selected German Universities in portions of three years following a thoroughful reviewing process. The overall duration of such a research grant is restricted to 12 years. The initiative at Erlangen-Niirnberg was started in 1987 and has been headed since this time by Prof. Dr. H. Wedekind. Work at TU-Miinchen began in 1990, head of this initiative is Prof. Dr. A. Bode. The authors of this book are grateful to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for its continuing support in the field of research on parallel processing. The first section of the book is devoted to hardware aspects of parallel systems.

Software Fault Tolerance Techniques and Implementation


Author: Laura L. Pullum
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 1580531377
Category: Computers
Page: 343
View: 4206
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This innovative resource provides the most-comprehensive coverage of software fault tolerance techniques as it guides professionals through their design, operation and performance. It features an in-depth discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of specific techniques, so practitioners can decide which ones are best suited for their work.

Fault Tolerance in Distributed Systems


Author: Pankaj Jalote
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 432
View: 5523
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Fault tolerance is an approach by which reliability of a computer system can be increased beyond what can be achieved by traditional methods. Comprehensive and self-contained, this book explores the information available on software supported fault tolerance techniques, with a focus on fault tolerance in distributed systems.

Hardware and Software Architectures for Fault Tolerance

Experiences and Perspectives
Author: Michel Banatre,Peter A. Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540577676
Category: Computers
Page: 311
View: 5433
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Fault tolerance has been an active research area for many years. This volume presents papers from a workshop held in 1993 where a small number of key researchers and practitioners in the area met to discuss the experiences of industrial practitioners, to provide a perspective on the state of the art of fault tolerance research, to determine whether the subject is becoming mature, and to learn from the experiences so far in order to identify what might be important research topics for the coming years. The workshop provided a more intimate environment for discussions and presentations than usual at conferences. The papers in the volume were presented at the workshop, then updated and revised to reflect what was learned at the workshop.

Parallel Computing on Distributed Memory Multiprocessors


Author: Füsun Özgüner,Fikret Ercal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642580661
Category: Computers
Page: 332
View: 3239
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Advances in microelectronic technology have made massively parallel computing a reality and triggered an outburst of research activity in parallel processing architectures and algorithms. Distributed memory multiprocessors - parallel computers that consist of microprocessors connected in a regular topology - are increasingly being used to solve large problems in many application areas. In order to use these computers for a specific application, existing algorithms need to be restructured for the architecture and new algorithms developed. The performance of a computation on a distributed memory multiprocessor is affected by the node and communication architecture, the interconnection network topology, the I/O subsystem, and the parallel algorithm and communication protocols. Each of these parametersis a complex problem, and solutions require an understanding of the interactions among them. This book is based on the papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Bilkent University, Turkey, in July 1991. The book is organized in five parts: Parallel computing structures and communication, Parallel numerical algorithms, Parallel programming, Fault tolerance, and Applications and algorithms.

Distributed Computing with Python


Author: Francesco Pierfederici
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1785887041
Category: Computers
Page: 170
View: 7945
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Harness the power of multiple computers using Python through this fast-paced informative guide About This Book You'll learn to write data processing programs in Python that are highly available, reliable, and fault tolerant Make use of Amazon Web Services along with Python to establish a powerful remote computation system Train Python to handle data-intensive and resource hungry applications Who This Book Is For This book is for Python developers who have developed Python programs for data processing and now want to learn how to write fast, efficient programs that perform CPU-intensive data processing tasks. What You Will Learn Get an introduction to parallel and distributed computing See synchronous and asynchronous programming Explore parallelism in Python Distributed application with Celery Python in the Cloud Python on an HPC cluster Test and debug distributed applications In Detail CPU-intensive data processing tasks have become crucial considering the complexity of the various big data applications that are used today. Reducing the CPU utilization per process is very important to improve the overall speed of applications. This book will teach you how to perform parallel execution of computations by distributing them across multiple processors in a single machine, thus improving the overall performance of a big data processing task. We will cover synchronous and asynchronous models, shared memory and file systems, communication between various processes, synchronization, and more. Style and Approach This example based, step-by-step guide will show you how to make the best of your hardware configuration using Python for distributing applications.

Modeling and Optimization of Parallel and Distributed Embedded Systems


Author: Arslan Munir,Ann Gordon-Ross,Sanjay Ranka
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119086418
Category: COMPUTERS
Page: 400
View: 1077
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This book introduces the state-of-the-art in research in parallel and distributed embedded systems, which have been enabled by developments in silicon technology, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), wireless communications, computer networking, and digital electronics. These systems have diverse applications in domains including military and defense, medical, automotive, and unmanned autonomous vehicles. The emphasis of the book is on the modeling and optimization of emerging parallel and distributed embedded systems in relation to the three key design metrics of performance, power and dependability. Key features: Includes an embedded wireless sensor networks case study to help illustrate the modeling and optimization of distributed embedded systems. Provides an analysis of multi-core/many-core based embedded systems to explain the modeling and optimization of parallel embedded systems. Features an application metrics estimation model; Markov modeling for fault tolerance and analysis; and queueing theoretic modeling for performance evaluation. Discusses optimization approaches for distributed wireless sensor networks; high-performance and energy-efficient techniques at the architecture, middleware and software levels for parallel multicore-based embedded systems; and dynamic optimization methodologies. Highlights research challenges and future research directions. The book is primarily aimed at researchers in embedded systems; however, it will also serve as an invaluable reference to senior undergraduate and graduate students with an interest in embedded systems research.

Application-layer Fault-tolerance Protocols


Author: Vincenzo De Florio
Publisher: IGI Global Snippet
ISBN: 1605661821
Category: Computers
Page: 355
View: 2850
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In this technological era, failure to address application-layer fault-tolerance, a key ingredient to crafting truly dependable computer services, leaves the door open to unfortunate consequences in quality of service. Application-Layer Fault-Tolerance Protocols increases awareness of the need for application-layer fault-tolerance (ALFT) through introduction of problems and qualitative analysis of solutions. A necessary read for researchers, practitioners, and students in dependability engineering, this book collects emerging research to offer a systematic, critical organization of the current knowledge in ALFT.

Designing for Scalability with Erlang/OTP

Implement Robust, Fault-Tolerant Systems
Author: Francesco Cesarini,Steve Vinoski
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 1449361579
Category: Computers
Page: 482
View: 8806
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If you need to build a scalable, fault tolerant system with requirements for high availability, discover why the Erlang/OTP platform stands out for the breadth, depth, and consistency of its features. This hands-on guide demonstrates how to use the Erlang programming language and its OTP framework of reusable libraries, tools, and design principles to develop complex commercial-grade systems that simply cannot fail. In the first part of the book, you’ll learn how to design and implement process behaviors and supervision trees with Erlang/OTP, and bundle them into standalone nodes. The second part addresses reliability, scalability, and high availability in your overall system design. If you’re familiar with Erlang, this book will help you understand the design choices and trade-offs necessary to keep your system running. Explore OTP’s building blocks: the Erlang language, tools and libraries collection, and its abstract principles and design rules Dive into the fundamentals of OTP reusable frameworks: the Erlang process structures OTP uses for behaviors Understand how OTP behaviors support client-server structures, finite state machine patterns, event handling, and runtime/code integration Write your own behaviors and special processes Use OTP’s tools, techniques, and architectures to handle deployment, monitoring, and operations