Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Third Edition
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420005987
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 638
View: 6765
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The newly expanded and revised edition of Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design presents the most up-to-date resource available on state-of-the-art composite materials. This book is unique in that it not only offers a current analysis of mechanics and properties, but also examines the latest advances in test methods, applications, manufacturing processes, and design aspects involving composites. This third edition presents thorough coverage of newly developed materials including nanocomposites. It also adds more emphasis on underlying theories, practical methods, and problem-solving skills employed in real-world applications of composite materials. Each chapter contains new examples drawn from diverse applications and additional problems to reinforce the practical relevance of key concepts. New in The Third Edition: Contains new sections on material substitution, cost analysis, nano- and natural fibers, fiber architecture, and carbon-carbon composites Provides a new chapter on polymer-based nanocomposites Adds new sections on test methods such as fiber bundle tests and interlaminar fracture measurements Expands sections on manufacturing fundamentals, thermoplastics matrix composites, and resin transfer molding Maintaining the trademark quality of its well-respected and authoritative predecessors, Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Third Edition continues to provide a unique interdisciplinary perspective and a logical approach to understanding the latest developments in the field.

Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Second Edition
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824790318
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 584
View: 6693
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Maintaining the interdisciplinary perspective of the first edition, this reference and text provides comprehensive discussions of all aspects of fiber-reinforced composites, including materials, mechanics, properties, test methods, manufacturing and design. Written from a conceptual point of view and emphasizing fundamentals, the second edition of Fiber Reinforced Composites offers updated and expanded sections including: fibers and matrix, including thermoplastic matrices; discontinuous fibers and laminated structures; static mechanical properties, fatigue properties and damage tolerance; resin flow, bag molding, filament winding and resin transfer molding; and environmental effects.

Fiber-reinforced composites

materials, manufacturing, and design
Author: P. K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC
ISBN: 9780849342059
Category: Science
Page: 619
View: 1745
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Exploring state-of-the-art composite materials, this newly expanded and revised edition presents thorough coverage of newly developed materials and adds emphasis on underlying theories, practical methods, and problem-solving skills employed in real-world applications of composite materials.

Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites

Processing and Applications
Author: P.K. Mallick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466578238
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 342
View: 4198
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Polymer matrix composites are finding increasing number of applications due to their high weight-saving potential as well as unique characteristics, such as high strength-to-density ratio, fatigue resistance, high damping factor, and freedom from corrosion. While many textbooks are available on the mechanics of polymer matrix composites, few cover their processing. Processing of Polymer Matrix Composites fills this gap. The book focuses on the major manufacturing processes used for polymer matrix composites and describes process details, process parameters and their effects on properties and process-induced defects, and analytical and experimental methods used for understanding process conditions. The book describes fibers, thermosetting and thermoplastic polymers, and interface characteristics that are important from the standpoint of both design and processing. It also emphasizes the applications of process fundamentals for both continuous fiber and short fiber polymer matrix composites. In addition the book considers quality inspection methods, tooling, and manufacturing costs and environmental and safety issues.

Composite Materials

Science and Engineering
Author: Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387743650
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 542
View: 2938
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The third edition of Krishan Chawla's widely used textbook, Composite Materials, offers integrated and completely up-to-date coverage of composite materials. The book focuses on the triad of processing, structure, and properties, while providing a well-balanced treatment of the materials science and mechanics of composites. In this edition of Composite Materials, revised and updated throughout, increasing use of composites in industry (especially aerospace and energy) and new developments in the field are highlighted. There is a new chapter on non-conventional composites, which covers polymer, metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, self-healing composites, self-reinforced composites, biocomposites and laminates made of metals and polymer matrix composites. The third edition, featuring all figures in color, also includes new solved examples and problems as well as increased coverage of: Carbon/carbon brakes. Composites for civilian aircraft and jet engines. Second generation high-temperature superconducting composites. Composites for use in windmill blades. WC/metal particulate composites. Examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, and extensive references to the literature are provided. The book is intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, and as a reference for the practicing engineers and researchers in industry and academia.

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design


Author: Philippe Boisse
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423206
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 492
View: 2738
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The manufacturing processes of composite materials are numerous and often complex. Continuous research into the subject area has made it hugely relevant with new advances enriching our understanding and helping us overcome design and manufacturing challenges. Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design provides comprehensive coverage of all processing techniques in the field with a strong emphasis on recent advances, modeling and simulation of the design process. Part One reviews the advances in composite manufacturing processes and includes detailed coverage of braiding, knitting, weaving, fibre placement, draping, machining and drilling, and 3D composite processes. There are also highly informative chapters on thermoplastic and ceramic composite manufacturing processes, and repairing composites. The mechanical behaviour of reinforcements and the numerical simulation of composite manufacturing processes are examined in Part Two. Chapters examine the properties and behaviour of textile reinforcements and resins. The final chapters of the book investigate finite element analysis of composite forming, numerical simulation of flow processes, pultrusion processes and modeling of chemical vapour infiltration processes. Outlines the advances in the different methods of composite manufacturing processes Provides extensive information on the thermo-mechanical behavior of reinforcements and composite prepregs Reviews numerical simulations of forming and flow processes, as well as pultrusion processes and modeling chemical vapor infiltration

Manufacturing Processes for Advanced Composites


Author: Flake C Campbell Jr
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080510989
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 532
View: 2974
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• One of very few books available to cover this subject area. • A practical book with a wealth of detail. This book covers the major manufacturing processes for polymer matrix composites with an emphasis on continuous fibre-reinforced composites. It covers the major fabrication processes in detail. Very few books cover the details of fabrication and assembly processes for composites. This book is intended for the engineer who wants to learn more about composite processing: any one with some experience in composites should be able to read it. The author, who has 34 years experience in the aerospace industry, has intentionally left out mathematical models for processes so the book will be readable by the general engineer. It differs from other books on composites manufacturing in focussing almost solely on manufacturing processes, while not attempting to cover materials, test methods, mechanical properties and other areas of composites.

Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites


Author: Bhagwan D. Agarwal,Lawrence J. Broutman,K. Chandrashekhara
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119390001
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 576
View: 1619
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Updated and expanded coverage of the latest trends and developments in fiber composite materials, processes, and applications Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites, Fourth Edition features updated and expanded coverage of all technical aspects of fiber composites, including the latest trends and developments in materials, manufacturing processes, and materials applications, as well as the latest experimental characterization methods. Fiber reinforced composite materials have become a fundamental part of modern product manufacturing. Routinely used in such high-tech fields as electronics, automobiles, aircraft, and space vehicles, they are also essential to everyday staples of modern life, such as containers, piping, and appliances. Little wonder, when one considers their ease of fabrication, outstanding mechanical properties, design versatility, light weight, corrosion and impact resistance, and excellent fatigue strength. This Fourth Edition of the classic reference—the standard text for composite materials courses, worldwide—offers an unrivalled review of such an important class of engineering materials. Still the most comprehensive, up-to-date treatment of the mechanics, materials, performance, analysis, fabrication, and characterization of fiber composite materials available, Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites, Fourth Edition features: Expanded coverage of materials and manufacturing, with additional information on materials, processes, and material applications Updated and expanded information on experimental characterization methods—including many industry specific tests Discussions of damage identification techniques using nondestructive evaluation (NDE) Coverage of the influence of moisture on performance of polymer matrix composites, stress corrosion of glass fibers and glass reinforced plastics, and damage due to low-velocity impact New end-of-chapter problems and exercises with solutions found on an accompanying website Computer analysis of laminates No other reference provides such exhaustive coverage of fiber composites with such clarity and depth. Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites, Fourth Edition is, without a doubt, an indispensable resource for practicing engineers, as well as students of mechanics, mechanical engineering, and aerospace engineering.

Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, Third Edition


Author: Ronald F. Gibson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439850054
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 683
View: 8854
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Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, Third Edition presents a unique blend of classical and contemporary mechanics of composites technologies. While continuing to cover classical methods, this edition also includes frequent references to current state-of-the-art composites technology and research findings. New to the Third Edition Many new worked-out example problems, homework problems, figures, and references An appendix on matrix concepts and operations Coverage of particle composites, nanocomposites, nanoenhancement of conventional fiber composites, and hybrid multiscale composites Expanded coverage of finite element modeling and test methods Easily accessible to students, this popular bestseller incorporates the most worked-out example problems and exercises of any available textbook on mechanics of composite materials. It offers a rich, comprehensive, and up-to-date foundation for students to begin their work in composite materials science and engineering. A solutions manual and PowerPoint presentations are available for qualifying instructors.

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites


Author: Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080530970
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 7179
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The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

Composite Materials

Design and Applications, Third Edition
Author: Daniel Gay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466584874
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 635
View: 4189
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Considered to have contributed greatly to the pre-sizing of composite structures, Composite Materials: Design and Applications is a popular reference book for designers of heavily loaded composite parts. Fully updated to mirror the exponential growth and development of composites, this English-language Third Edition: Contains all-new coverage of nanocomposites and biocomposites Reflects the latest manufacturing processes and applications in the aerospace, automotive, naval, wind turbine, and sporting goods industries Provides a design method to define composite multilayered plates under loading, along with all numerical information needed for implementation Proposes original study of composite beams of any section shapes and thick-laminated composite plates, leading to technical formulations that are not found in the literature Features numerous examples of the pre-sizing of composite parts, processed from industrial cases and reworked to highlight key information Includes test cases for the validation of computer software using finite elements Consisting of three main parts, plus a fourth on applications, Composite Materials: Design and Applications, Third Edition features a technical level that rises in difficulty as the text progresses, yet each part still can be explored independently. While the heart of the book, devoted to the methodical pre-design of structural parts, retains its original character, the contents have been significantly rewritten, restructured, and expanded to better illustrate the types of challenges encountered in modern engineering practice.

Integrated Design and Manufacture Using Fibre-Reinforced Polymeric Composites


Author: M J Owen,V Middleton,I A Jones
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1855738872
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 6402
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This very practical book is intended to show how composites are increasingly being used in real-world applications in areas where the primary material choice in the past would have been exclusively metals-based. A series of in-depth case studies examiines the design processes involved in putting together aircraft fuselages, Formua 1 cars, Transit van roofs, infrastructure systems for water treatment and storage and many other novel applications for FRCs. It shows how an awareness of engineering properties needs to be built into the design process at an early stage. It is essential for professionals in, and newcomers to, the FRP industry; executives in engineering and manufacturing who are considering using FRPs in place of more traditional materials; students in materials science and engineering.

Process Modeling in Composites Manufacturing, Second Edition


Author: Suresh G. Advani,E. Murat Sozer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466580569
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 630
View: 2327
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There is a wealth of literature on modeling and simulation of polymer composite manufacturing processes. However, existing books neglect to provide a systematic explanation of how to formulate and apply science-based models in polymer composite manufacturing processes. Process Modeling in Composites Manufacturing, Second Edition provides tangible methods to optimize this process — and it remains a proven, powerful introduction to the basic principles of fluid mechanics and heat transfer. Includes tools to develop an experience base to aid in modeling a composite manufacturing process Building on past developments, this new book updates the previous edition’s coverage of process physics and the state of modeling in the field. Exploring research derived from experience, intuition, and trial and error, the authors illustrate a state-of-the-art understanding of mass, momentum, and energy transfer during composites processing. They introduce computer-based solutions using MATLAB® code and flow simulation-based analysis, which complement closed-form solutions discussed in the book, to help readers understand the role of different material, geometric, and process parameters. This self-contained primer provides an introduction to modeling of composite manufacturing processes for anyone working in material science and engineering, industrial, mechanical, and chemical engineering. It introduces a scientific basis for manufacturing, using solved example problems which employ calculations provided in the book. End-of-chapter questions and problems and fill in the blanks sections reinforce the content in order to develop the experience base of the manufacturing, materials, and design engineer or scientists, as well as seniors and first-year graduate students.

Mechanics Of Composite Materials


Author: Robert M. Jones
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498711065
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 538
View: 2200
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This book balances introduction to the basic concepts of the mechanical behavior of composite materials and laminated composite structures. It covers topics from micromechanics and macromechanics to lamination theory and plate bending, buckling, and vibration, clarifying the physical significance of composite materials. In addition to the materials covered in the first edition, this book includes more theory-experiment comparisons and updated information on the design of composite materials.

Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials, Fourth Edition


Author: Leif A. Carlsson,Donald F. Adams,R. Byron Pipes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439848599
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 379
View: 6879
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Over the last three decades, the evolution of techniques for the experimental testing of composite materials has struggled to keep up with the advances and broadening areas of application of the composite materials themselves. In recent years, however, much work has been done to consolidate and better understand the test methods being used. Finally, a consensus regarding the best available methods exists, and definitive recommendations can be made. Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials provides a succinct, authoritative treatment of the best available methods for determining the mechanical properties, thermal expansion coefficients, and fracture and strength data for composite materials. With an emphasis firmly on practical matters, it presents processing techniques, specimen preparation, analyses of test methods, test procedures, and data reduction schemes. Five chapters covering specific aspects of lamina testing are followed by discussions extending those principles to laminate responses. The treatment concludes by exploring composite durability issues with a detailed examination of defects and fracture mechanics. The Fourth Edition is revised to include: New figures, updated ASTM standards, and an expanded index Major additions in processing of thermoset resins, neat resin tests, sandwich structures, cure analyses, damage tolerance tests, single fiber tests, fiber matrix interface tests, interlaminar tension tests, through-thickness tension and compression tests, open-hole compression tests, falling weight impact tests, compression-after-impact tests, sandwich beam and core tests, and more With its concise format, detailed procedures, and expert assessments, this book is an outstanding resource for composites manufacturing and test engineers, lab technicians, and other industry professionals, as well as students, academia, and government research and engineering organizations. It brings together all of the most appropriate and widely accepted test methods developed to date.

Introduction to Composite Materials Design, Second Edition


Author: Ever J. Barbero
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439894132
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 562
View: 1293
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Presenting a wealth of completely revised examples and new information, Introduction to Composite Materials Design, Second Edition greatly improves on the bestselling first edition. It incorporates state-of-the-art advances in knowledge and design methods that have taken place over the last 10 years, yet maintains the distinguishing features and vital content of the original. New material in this second edition: Introduces new background topics, including design for reliability and fracture mechanics Revises and updates information on polymer matrices, modern fibers (e.g., carbon nanotubes, Basalt, Vectran) and fiber forms such as textiles/fabrics Includes new information on Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) Incorporates major advances in prediction of unidirectional-lamina properties Reworks sections on material failure, including the most advanced prediction and design methodologies, such as in situ strength and Mohr-Coulomb criterion, etc. Covers all aspects of preliminary design, relegating finite element analysis to a separate textbook Discusses methodology used to perform damage mechanics analysis of laminated composites accounting for the main damage modes: longitudinal tension, longitudinal compression, transverse tension, in-plane shear, and transverse compression Presents in-depth analysis of composites reinforced with plain, twill, and satin weaves, as well as with random fiber reinforcements Expands the analysis of thin walled beams with newly developed examples and MATLAB® code Addresses external strengthening of reinforced-concrete beams, columns, and structural members subjected to both axial and bending loads The author distributes 78 fully developed examples throughout the book to illustrate the application of presented analysis techniques and design methodology, making this textbook ideally suited for self-study. Requiring no more than senior undergraduate-level understanding of math and mechanics, it remains an invaluable tool for students in the engineering disciplines, as well as for self-studying, practicing engineers.

Mechanics and Analysis of Composite Materials


Author: Valery Vasiliev,Evgeny V. Morozov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080536057
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 424
View: 3719
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This book is concerned with the topical problems of mechanics of advanced composite materials whose mechanical properties are controlled by high-strength and high-stiffness continuous fibers embedded in polymeric, metal, or ceramic matrix. Although the idea of combining two or more components to produce materials with controlled properties has been known and used from time immemorial, modern composites were only developed several decades ago and have now found intensive application in different fields of engineering, particularly in aerospace structures for which high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios are required. There already exist numerous publications that cover anisotropic elasticity, mechanics of composite materials, design, analysis, fabrication, and application of composite structures but the difference between this book and the existing ones is that this is of a more specific nature. It covers specific features of material behaviour such as nonlinear elasticity, plasticity, creep, and structural nonlinearity and discusses in detail the problems of material micro- and macro-mechanics that are only slightly touched in existing books, e.g. stress diffusion in a unidirectional material with broken fibers, physical and statistical aspects of fiber strength, coupling effects in anisotropic and laminated materials, etc. The authors are designers of composite structures who were involved in practically all the main Soviet and then Russian projects in composite technology, and the permission of the Russian Composite Center - Central Institute of Special Machinery (CRISM) to use in this book the pictures of structures developed and fabricated in CRISM as part of the joint research and design project is much appreciated. Mechanics and Analysis of Composite Materials consists of eight chapters progressively covering all structural levels of composite materials from their components through elementary plies and layers to laminates.

Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials


Author: Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782421270
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 772
View: 9673
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Natural fiber-reinforced composites have the potential to replace synthetic composites, leading to less expensive, stronger and more environmentally-friendly materials. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers. Part I contains chapters on bast fibers, Part II; leaf fibers, Part III; seed fibers, Part IV; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally Part V covers wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. Each chapter reviews a specific type of biofiber providing detailed information on the sources of each fiber, their cultivation, how to process and prepare them, and how to integrate them into composite materials. The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers - bast, leaf, seed; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses

Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications


Author: R Fangueiro
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092529
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 420
View: 4861
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The use of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles, is an important and interesting development. Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications analyses the types and properties of fibrous textile and structures and their applications in reinforcement and civil engineering. Part one introduces different types of fibrous textiles and structures. Chapters cover the properties of natural and man-made fibres and of yarns, as well as an overview of textile structures. Part two focuses on fibrous material use in concrete reinforcement, with chapters on the properties and applications of steel fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and the role of fibre reinforcement in mitigating shrinkage cracks. In part three, the applications of fibrous material-based composites in civil engineering are covered. Chapters concentrate on production techniques and applications such as reinforcement of internal structures, structural health monitoring and textile materials in architectural membranes. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications is a standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field. Explores the development of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles Key topics include short fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites A standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field