Fighting for the rain forest

war, youth & resources in Sierra Leone
Author: Paul Richards
Publisher: Heinemann
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 182
View: 1698
Paul Richards argues that the war in Sierra Leone and other small wars in Africa do not manifest a "new barbarism". What appears as random, anarchic violence is no such thing. The terrifying military methods of Sierra Leone's soldiers may not fit Western models of warfare, but they are rational and effective. The war must be understood partly as "performance", in which techniques of terror compensate for lack of equipment. Richards points out that Sierra Leone's war is a crisis of modernity. Sierra Leone's youth belongs to a modern, trans-Atlantic culture. In remote diamond-digging camps, young people watch Rambo videos and listen to BBC news. These are part of the cultural resources with which the war is fought. The frustrations of these young people underlie the crisis. Not only the soldiers but most of the commanders are teenagers. Their aspirations are for schools and jobs. Financial stringency and the decay of the patrimonial state led directly to the government's surrender of much of the countryside. The rain forest is also central to the war. The war is fought in the rain forest and can only be understood in the context of old traditions of social and technical management of the forest. There is no evidence that a crisis of deforestation or overpopulation has contributed to the war. Rebuilding the state -- and giving young Sierra Leoneans confidence in it -- is essential for peace. But in the meantime, many people are learning to live with war and

Conflict Resolution and Peace Education in Africa

Author: Ernest E. Uwazie
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739106693
Category: Political Science
Page: 188
View: 9290
Africa today suffers from too much political unrest and violent conflict. The contributors to this edited collection recognize a missing link in efforts to foster democracy, and with it political stability and peace, in Africa's developing countries: Democracy can be sustained only where effective means for resolving citizens' disputes exist both within and outside the formal legal system. The writers whose articles appear here--scholars, practitioners, and peace advocates--present their varied knowledge of conflict and war in Africa and strategies for introducing and implementing mediation, from Sierra Leone to South Africa. This volume is a model exchange of insights and ideas in the important field of conflict resolution as applied to Africa.

Magic and Warfare

Appearance and Reality in Contemporary African Conflict and Beyond
Author: N. Wlodarczyk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230103340
Category: Social Science
Page: 188
View: 6319
This study explores the roles played by magic in contemporary African warfare, specifically through the case of Sierra Leone, to assess its impact on behaviour in conflict. A conceptual framework is suggested for analysing culturally alien practices more broadly and to inform approaches to civilian and military intervention.

Child Soldiers, Adult Interests

The Global Dimensions of the Sierra Leonean Tragedy
Author: John-Peter Pham
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781594546716
Category: Political Science
Page: 308
View: 3118
This book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.

Das Mädchen ohne Hände

Author: Mariatu Kamara
Publisher: Knaur eBook
ISBN: 3426402467
Category: Art
Page: 208
View: 5311
Mariatu Kamara ist zwölf, als sie in die Wirren des Bürgerkriegs in Sierra Leone gerät: Rebellen hacken ihr beide Hände ab. Schwerverwundet nimmt sie den Kampf gegen ihr Schicksal auf und findet den Weg in eine lebenswerte Zukunft. Heute ist die 22-Jährige für das Kinderhilfswerk UNICEF als Sonderbotschafterin in den USA und Kanada unterwegs. Das Mädchen ohne Hände von Mariatu Kamara: als eBook erhältlich!

The Sierra Leonean Tragedy

History and Global Dimensions
Author: John-Peter Pham
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Category: History
Page: 308
View: 4550
This new book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.

African Guerrillas

Author: Christopher S. Clapham
Publisher: James Currey Publishers
ISBN: 9780852558157
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 8564
Analyses African insurgencies and their relationship to the societies in which they are set and to the outside world.

Confronting Poverty

Weak States and U.S. National Security
Author: Susan E. Rice,Corinne Graff,Carlos Pascual
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815704355
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 8187
Former Brookings Senior Fellow Susan E. Rice spearheads an investigation of the connections between poverty and fragile states and the implications for American security. Coedited by Rice and former Brookings colleagues Corinne Graff and Carlos Pascual, Confronting Poverty is a timely reminder that alleviating global poverty and shoring up weak states are not only humanitarian and economic imperatives, but key components of a more balanced and sustainable U.S. national security strategy. Rice elucidates the relationship between poverty, state weakness, and transnational security threats, and Graff and Pascual offer policy recommendations. The book's overarching conclusions highlight the need to invest in poverty alleviation and capacity building in weak states in order to break the vicious cycle of poverty, fragility, and transnational threats. Confronting Poverty grows out of a project on global poverty and U.S. national security that Rice directed at Brookings from 2002 through January 2009, before she became U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations.

West African Worlds

Paths Through Socio-Economic Change, Livelihoods and Development
Author: Reginald Cline-Cole,Elsbeth Robson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317904931
Category: Science
Page: 312
View: 3289
West African Worlds provides a critical assessment of social, economic and political change in Africa’s most populous and arguably most externally focused region. With an emphasis on globalisation and modernisation, case studies and commentary are integrated throughout to highlight the concerns and issues of the region. Enriched by an impressive mix of West African voices, this text combines theory and application with policy and practice to address socio-economic change, the pursuit of livelihoods, and development within West Africa.

States of Violence

Politics, Youth, and Memory in Contemporary Africa
Author: Edna G. Bay,Donald Lewis Donham
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 268
View: 9806
"By focusing on the participation and consequences for ordinary people, this collection offers a fresh perspective on the eruption of violence in sub-Saharan Africa. None of the contributions takes the easy way out—either by claiming any special propensity of Africans to violence, or by calling attention to titillating aspects of the violence itself. Rather, they offer ‘thick descriptions’ of particular violent episodes to develop their contexts and the larger causes that made them happen. The case studies, drawn from field research in Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, search for the meaning of specific instances of collective violence to the individuals caught up in them."—Nelson Kasfir, Dartmouth College "This coherently assembled set of contributions illuminates crucial aspects of the disorder and insecurity afflicting much of contemporary Africa. The potent social force of a marginalized youth generation is explored in its different manifestations in a variety of settings by an excellent roster of scholars."—Crawford Young, Emeritus Professor of Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison "Unmatched in its ethnographic depth and attention to critical dimensions of African conflicts.... This volume cuts across the continent and across several intertwining themes to provide highly contextual analyses within a well-definedframework." —Catherine Besteman, Colby College, editor of Violence: A Reader The essayists whose work is collected here—historians, anthropologists, and political scientists—bring their diverse disciplinary perspectives to bear on various forms of violence that have plagued recent African history. Exploring violence as part of political economy and rejecting stereotypical explanations of African violence as endemic or natural to African cultures, the essays examine a continent where the boundaries on acceptable force are always shifting and the distinction between violence by the state and against the state is not always clear. Edna G. Bay, Associate Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies at Emory University, is author of Wives of the Leopard: Gender, Politics, and Culture in the Kingdom of Dahomey (Virginia). Donald L. Donham, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis, is author of Marxist Modern: An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution.

United Nations Interventionism, 1991–2004

Author: Spyros Economides
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139461761
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 7140
After years of paralysis, the 1990s saw an explosion in the number of United Nations field operations around the world. In terms of scope and level of ambition, these interventions went beyond the tried and tested principles of classical UN peacekeeping. Indeed, in some cases - such as Cambodia, Kosovo and East Timor - the UN presence assumed the form of quasi-protectorates designed to steer war-torn and deeply divided societies towards lasting peace. This book examines the UN's performance and assesses the wider impact of 'new interventionism' on international order and the study of international relations. Featuring eight case studies of major UN interventions and an introductory chapter outlining the most important theoretical and political features of the international system which have led to the increased interventionary practices of the UN, this book will appeal to students and researchers in international relations and international organizations.

New humanitarianism

Britain and Sierra Leone, 1997-2003
Author: Tanja Schümer
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780230545175
Category: Social Science
Page: 204
View: 6007
This book analyzes the contents and consistency of the British New Humanitarianism and its application to Sierra Leone, investigating the effectiveness of policy implementation and the capacity of humanitarian assistance addressing broader political objectives. Placing the experience of Sierra Leone in context with other countries--Sudan and Iraq, Tanja Schmer draws key conclusions regarding the future for international humanitarian policy.

Sie nahmen mir die Mutter und gaben mir ein Gewehr

mein Leben als Kindersoldatin
Author: China Keitetsi
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783548364810
Page: 317
View: 2134

African Childhoods

Education, Development, Peacebuilding, and the Youngest Continent
Author: M. Ensor
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137024704
Category: Social Science
Page: 262
View: 7589
A multidisciplinary collection shedding light on the conditions and experiences of youth in Africa.


the world geographical encyclopedia
Author: John McCoy
Publisher: Gale
Category: Reference
Page: 704
View: 3994
Provides alphabetically arranged descriptions of the physical geography of every country of the world, with details on geographical features, climate, vegetation, human population, and natural resources.

The Underneath of Things

Violence, History, and the Everyday in Sierra Leone
Author: Mariane C. Ferme
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520225430
Category: History
Page: 287
View: 7123
"Researched with unusual sensitivity, original in approach, illuminating beyond its immediate geographical and theoretical referents, and written in a style that is both carefully crafted and eminently accessible...this is the work of a remarkably talented observer and scholar."—Jane Guyer, editor of Money Matters: Instability, Values and Social Payments in the Modern History of West African Communities, former president of the African Studies Association "The world is currently quite aware of Sierra Leone and its predicament, and it needs this well-informed and beautifully written account of what makes the country so wonderful despite its woes. Ferme's work is truly transcendent, capturing magnificently well some of the most important aspects of an otherwise "difficult" ethnographic case. It is a truthful and honest piece of work, based on a deep grasp of the ethnographer's craft. "—Paul Richards, author of Fighting for the Rain Forest: War, Youth and Resources in Sierra Leone Ferme is a true master in the magic of "things." She gives the study of secrecy new impetus by examining its history, relating that history not only to discourse but also to material conditions. She brilliantly shows how, for Sierra Leone societies, the celebration of ambiguity has been a way to live with permanent danger-from the long history of slavery through the present civil war. —Peter Geschiere, author of The Modernity of Witchcraft, Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa The Underneath of Things is a model of patience, detailed observation, and elegant writing: a theoretically creative study that is keen to track and to disentangle the webs and flows of everyday life.—Achille Mbembe, author of On the Postcolony

Epistemologies of African Conflicts

Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone
Author: Z. Wai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137280808
Category: Political Science
Page: 263
View: 6611
This book offers a bold, ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on African conflicts. Based on a painstaking study of the ways in which the Sierra Leone civil war has been interpreted, it considers how Africa is constructed as a site of knowledge and the implications that this has for the continent and its people.


der "uneindeutige" Genozid
Author: Gérard Prunier
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783936096668
Page: 274
View: 9862

The Heart of the Matter

Sierra Leone, Diamonds & Human Security : Complete Report
Author: Ian Smillie,Lansana Gberie,Ralph Hazleton
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0756707927
Category: Diamond industry and trade
Page: 88
View: 5267
How diamonds have been the cause of widespread death, misery, & destruction for almost a decade in the West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Sierra Leone's rebel war became a tragedy of major humanitarian, political & historic proportions, but the story goes back 60 years, to the discovery of the diamonds. The diamond mining sector has become influenced by organized crime & by the smuggling not just of diamonds, but of guns & drugs, & by vast sums of money in search of a laundry. No peace agree. would be sustainable until the problems of mining & selling diamonds had been addressed, both inside Sierra Leone & internationally. Tables.