Flexible Citizenship

The Cultural Logics of Transnationality
Author: Aihwa Ong
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822322696
Category: Social Science
Page: 322
View: 1682
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Ethnographic and theoretical accounts of the transnational practices of Chinese elites, showing how they constitute a dispersed Chinese public, but also how they reinforce the strength of capital and the state.

Flexible Staatsbürgerschaften

die kulturelle Logik von Transnationalität
Author: Aihwa Ong
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518416792
Category: Chinese
Page: 414
View: 1898
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Neoliberalism as Exception

Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
Author: Aihwa Ong
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822387875
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 2808
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Neoliberalism is commonly viewed as an economic doctrine that seeks to limit the scope of government. Some consider it a form of predatory capitalism with adverse effects on the Global South. In this groundbreaking work, Aihwa Ong offers an alternative view of neoliberalism as an extraordinarily malleable technology of governing that is taken up in different ways by different regimes, be they authoritarian, democratic, or communist. Ong shows how East and Southeast Asian states are making exceptions to their usual practices of governing in order to position themselves to compete in the global economy. As she demonstrates, a variety of neoliberal strategies of governing are re-engineering political spaces and populations. Ong’s ethnographic case studies illuminate experiments and developments such as China’s creation of special market zones within its socialist economy; pro-capitalist Islam and women’s rights in Malaysia; Singapore’s repositioning as a hub of scientific expertise; and flexible labor and knowledge regimes that span the Pacific. Ong traces how these and other neoliberal exceptions to business as usual are reconfiguring relationships between governing and the governed, power and knowledge, and sovereignty and territoriality. She argues that an interactive mode of citizenship is emerging, one that organizes people—and distributes rights and benefits to them—according to their marketable skills rather than according to their membership within nation-states. Those whose knowledge and skills are not assigned significant market value—such as migrant women working as domestic maids in many Asian cities—are denied citizenship. Nevertheless, Ong suggests that as the seam between sovereignty and citizenship is pried apart, a new space is emerging for NGOs to advocate for the human rights of those excluded by neoliberal measures of human worthiness.

Hongkong: Kultur und die Politik des Verschwindens


Author: Ackbar Abbas
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783854096054
Category:
Page: 300
View: 6414
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Globales Amerika?

Die kulturellen Folgen der Globalisierung
Author: Ulrich Beck,Natan Sznaider,Rainer Winter
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839401720
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 2182
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Seit einigen Jahren wird in den Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften international kaum ein Phänomen so lebhaft diskutiert wie das der Globalisierung. Nachdem die zu Anfang vorherrschende Sichtweise von Globalisierung als Entwicklung einer homogenen Weltkultur zunehmend an Evidenz verlor, rücken die lokal unterschiedlichen kulturellen Praktiken und Perspektiven als Teil von Globalisierung ins Zentrum des Interesses. Diese Neujustierung des Fokus erlaubt auch längst überfällige neue Lesarten des vermeintlich einfachen Verhältnisses von »Amerikanisierung« und Globalisierung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass die oft als »Amerikanisierung« wahrgenommene Globalisierung weltweit heterogene Resonanzen erzeugt, hybride Kulturen, Fluchtlinien und Gegenbewegungen treten gleichermaßen hervor. Der Band »Globales Amerika«, in dem sich einige der prominentesten Denker der Globalisierung zu Wort melden, präsentiert anregende Lektüren dieser bislang wenig beleuchteten Seite der Globalisierung und leistet damit einen wichtigen Beitrag zum Verständnis des Problems insgesamt. Für das 21. Jahrhundert erweist sich die Perspektive eines »methodologischen Kosmopolitismus« (Ulrich Beck) als richtungsweisend.

Transnational Cinema

An Introduction
Author: Steven Rawle
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 1137530146
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 264
View: 1406
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This book provides a thorough overview of the recently emerged field of transnational film studies. Covering a range of approaches to analyzing films about migrant, cross-cultural and cross-border experience, as well as looking at how film production has moved beyond clear national boundaries to become a product of border crossing finance and creative personnel, Steven Rawle brings together the key concepts and theories of transnational cinema. This includes genre, remakes, diasporic and exilic cinema, and the limits of thinking about cinema as a particularly national cultural artefact. It provides students and lovers of film with a strong grounding in this most recent and timely field of film studies.

Strangers in the Ethnic Homeland

Japanese Brazilian Return Migration in Transnational Perspective
Author: Takeyuki Tsuda
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231502346
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 7086
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Since the late 1980s, Brazilians of Japanese descent have been "return" migrating to Japan as unskilled foreign workers. With an immigrant population currently estimated at roughly 280,000, Japanese Brazilians are now the second largest group of foreigners in Japan. Although they are of Japanese descent, most were born in Brazil and are culturally Brazilian. As a result, they have become Japan's newest ethnic minority. Drawing upon close to two years of multisite fieldwork in Brazil and Japan, Takeyuki Tsuda has written a comprehensive ethnography that examines the ethnic experiences and reactions of both Japanese Brazilian immigrants and their native Japanese hosts. In response to their socioeconomic marginalization in their ethnic homeland, Japanese Brazilians have strengthened their Brazilian nationalist sentiments despite becoming members of an increasingly well-integrated transnational migrant community. Although such migrant nationalism enables them to resist assimilationist Japanese cultural pressures, its challenge to Japanese ethnic attitudes and ethnonational identity remains inherently contradictory. Strangers in the Ethnic Homeland illuminates how cultural encounters caused by transnational migration can reinforce local ethnic identities and nationalist discourses.

The Cultural Capital of Asian American Studies

Autonomy and Representation in the University
Author: Mark Chiang
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814717004
Category: Education
Page: 251
View: 5554
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Originating in the 1968 student-led strike at San Francisco State University, Asian American Studies was founded as a result of student and community protests that sought to make education more accessible and relevant. While members of the Asian American communities initially served on the departmental advisory boards, planning and developing areas of the curriculum, university pressures eventually dictated their expulsion. At that moment in history, the intellectual work of the field was split off from its relation to the community at large, giving rise to the entire problematic of representation in the academic sphere. Even as the original objectives of the field have remained elusive, Asian American studies has nevertheless managed to establish itself in the university. Mark Chiang argues that the fundamental precondition of institutionalization within the university is the production of cultural capital, and that in the case of Asian American Studies (as well as other fields of minority studies), the accumulation of cultural capital has come primarily from the conversion of political capital. In this way, the definition of cultural capital becomes the primary terrain of political struggle in the university, and outlines the very conditions of possibility for political work within the academy. Beginning with the theoretical debates over identity politics and cultural nationalism, and working through the origins of ethnic studies in the Third World Strike, the formation of the Asian American literary field, and the Blu’s Hanging controversy, The Cultural Capital of Asian American Studies articulates a new and innovative model of cultural and academic politics, illuminating the position of ethnic studies within the American university.

Zimbabwe since the Unity Government


Author: Stephen Chan,Ranka Primorac
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135742758
Category: Political Science
Page: 136
View: 9709
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Zimbabwe has moved from a condition of restricted expression to one of many contradictory expressions. Politics has lost none of its compromises and conflicts, but it has been amplified by an explosion of voices. For the first time, a genuine debate is possible among many actors, insiders and outsiders, and the question marks over Zimbabwe and its future are no longer in terms of a narrow choice between one party and another, one outlook or another. Compromise government has meant complexity of debate. This does not preclude disillusionment within debate, but it does include vigour and imagination in debate. This book includes essays from renowned scholars, governmental and diplomatic figures, and prioritises contributions by Zimbabweans themselves. The essays provide a blend of academic and practitioner observation and judgement which no other volume has done. This book was published as a special issue of The Round Table.

The Changing Face of Home

The Transnational Lives of the Second Generation
Author: Peggy Levitt,Mary C. Waters
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610443535
Category: Social Science
Page: 420
View: 5005
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The children of immigrants account for the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population under eighteen years old—one out of every five children in the United States. Will this generation of immigrant children follow the path of earlier waves of immigrants and gradually assimilate into mainstream American life, or does the global nature of the contemporary world mean that the trajectory of today's immigrants will be fundamentally different? Rather than severing their ties to their home countries, many immigrants today sustain economic, political, and religious ties to their homelands, even as they work, vote, and pray in the countries that receive them. The Changing Face of Home is the first book to examine the extent to which the children of immigrants engage in such transnational practices. Because most second generation immigrants are still young, there is much debate among immigration scholars about the extent to which these children will engage in transnational practices in the future. While the contributors to this volume find some evidence of transnationalism among the children of immigrants, they disagree over whether these activities will have any long-term effects. Part I of the volume explores how the practice and consequences of transnationalism vary among different groups. Contributors Philip Kasinitz, Mary Waters, and John Mollenkopf use findings from their large study of immigrant communities in New York City to show how both distance and politics play important roles in determining levels of transnational activity. For example, many Latin American and Caribbean immigrants are "circular migrants" spending much time in both their home countries and the United States, while Russian Jews and Chinese immigrants have far less contact of any kind with their homelands. In Part II, the contributors comment on these findings, offering suggestions for reconceptualizing the issue and bridging analytical differences. In her chapter, Nancy Foner makes valuable comparisons with past waves of immigrants as a way of understanding the conditions that may foster or mitigate transnationalism among today's immigrants. The final set of chapters examines how home and host country value systems shape how second generation immigrants construct their identities, and the economic, social, and political communities to which they ultimately express allegiance. The Changing Face of Home presents an important first round of research and dialogue on the activities and identities of the second generation vis-a-vis their ancestral homelands, and raises important questions for future research.

Migrant Workers in Asia

Distant Divides, Intimate Connections
Author: Nicole Constable
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317986784
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 232
View: 3110
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This book provides rich and provocative comparative studies of South and Southeast Asian domestic workers who migrate to other parts of Asia. These studies range from Hong Kong, Macau, and Singapore, to Yemen, Israel, Jordan, and the UAE. Conceptually and methodologically, this book challenges us to move beyond established regional divides and proposes new ways of mapping inter-Asian connections. The authors view migrant workers within a wider spatial context of intersecting groups and trajectories through time. Keenly attentive to the importance of migrants of diverse nationalities who have labored in multiple regions, this book examines intimate connections and distant divides in the social lives and politics of migrant workers across time and space. Collectively, the authors propose new themes, new comparative frameworks, and new methodologies for considering vastly different degrees of social support structures and political activism, and the varied meanings of citizenship and state responsibility in sending and receiving countries. They highlight the importance of formal institutions that shape and promote migratory labor, advocacy for workers, or curtail workers rights, as well as the social identities and cultural practices and beliefs that may be linked to new inter-ethnic social and political affiliations that traverse and also transform inter-Asian spaces and pathways to mobility. This book was published as a special issue of Critical Asian Studies.

Chinese Citizenship

Views from the Margins
Author: Vanessa L. Fong,Rachel Murphy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134195966
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 208
View: 3905
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Bringing a new dimension to the study of citizenship, Chinese Citizenship examines how individuals at the margins of Chinese society deal with state efforts to transform them into model citizens in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Based on extensive original research, the authors argue that social and cultural citizenship has a greater impact on people’s lives than legal, civil and political citizenship. The seven case studies present intimate portraits of the conflicted identities of peasants, criminals, ethnic minorities, the urban poor, rural migrant children in the cities, mainland migrants in Hong Kong and Chinese youth studying abroad, as they negotiate the perilous dilemmas presented by globalization and neoliberalism. Drawing on a diverse array of theories and methods from anthropology, sociology, education, political science, cultural studies and development studies, the book presents fresh perspectives and highlights the often devastating consequences that citizenship distinctions can have on Chinese lives.

Media and Cultural Transformation in China


Author: Haiqing Yu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134062265
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 1230
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This book examines the role played by the media in China’s cultural transformation in the early years of the 21st century. In contrast to the traditional view that sees the Chinese media as nothing more than a tool of communist propaganda, it demonstrates that the media is integral to China’s changing culture in the age of globalization, whilst also being part and parcel of the State and its project of re-imagining national identity that is essential to the post-socialist reform agenda. It describes how the Party-state can effectively use media events to pull social, cultural and political resources and forces together in the name of national rejuvenation. However, it also illustrates how non-state actors can also use reporting of media events to dispute official narratives and advance their own interests and perspectives. It discusses the implications of this interplay between state and non-state actors in the Chinese media for conceptions of identity, citizenship and ethics, identifying the areas of mutual accommodation and appropriation, as well as those of conflict and contestation. It explores these themes with detailed analysis of four important ‘media spectacles’: the media events surrounding the new millennium celebrations; the news reporting of SARS; the media stories about AIDS and SARS; and the media campaign war between the Chinese state and the Falun Gong movement.

DIY Style

Fashion, Music and Global Digital Cultures
Author: Brent Luvaas
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0857850474
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 5702
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Armed with cheap digital technologies and a fiercely independent spirit, millions of young people from around the world have taken cultural production into their own hands, crafting their own clothing lines, launching their own record labels, and forging a vast, collaborative network of impassioned amateurs more interested in making than consuming. DIY Style tells the story of this international do-it-yourself (DIY) movement through a major case study of one of its biggest, but least known contingents: the "indie" music and fashion scene of the predominantly Muslim Southeast Asian island nation of Indonesia. Through rich ethnographic detail, in-depth historical analysis, and cutting-edge social theory, the book chronicles the rise of DIY culture in Indonesia, and also explores the phenomenon in Europe and the United States, painting an evocative portrait of vibrant communities who are not only making and distributing popular culture on their own terms, but working to tear down the barriers between production and consumption, third and first world, global and local. What emerges from the book is a cautiously optimistic view of the future of global capitalism - a creative, collectivist alternative built from the ground up. This exciting and original study is essential reading for students and scholars of anthropology, fashion, media studies, cultural studies and sociology.

State/Nation/Transnation

Perspectives on Transnationalism in the Asia Pacific
Author: Katie Willis,Brenda S. A. Yeoh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134414080
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 5863
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This edited volume examines the relationship between the nation and the transnation, focusing on transnational communities in the Asia-Pacific region. Setting the book within a theoretical framework, the authors explore a range of themes such as migration, identity and citizenship in chapters on China, the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Singapore and Cambodia.

Unsere Verabredung mit dem Leben

Über das Leben im Hier und Jetzt
Author: Thich Nhat Hanh
Publisher: Knaur MensSana eBook
ISBN: 3426407558
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 96
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Da wir nicht getrennt von der Welt leben und die Welt nicht getrennt von uns existiert, geschieht echte Friedensarbeit im Herzen der Menschen, an jedem Ort und in jedem Augenblick. Denn erst eine friedfertige innere Haltung bereitet den Weg zu einem friedlichen Miteinander. Unsere Verabredung mit dem Leben von Thich Nhat Hanh: im eBook erhältlich!

Aerial Life

Spaces, Mobilities, Affects
Author: Peter Adey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444391343
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 4867
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NOMINATED AND SHORT LISTED FOR THE SURVEILLANCE STUDIES BOOK PRIZE 2011! This theoretically informed research explores what the development and transformation of air travel has meant for societies and individuals. Brings together a number of interdisciplinary approaches towards the aeroplane and its relation to society Presents an original theory that our societies are aerial societies, or 'aerealities', and shows how we are both enabled and threatened by aerial mobility Features a series of detailed international case studies which map the history of aviation over the past century - from the promises of early flight, to World War II bombing campaigns, and to the rise of international terrorism today Demonstrates the transformational capacity of air transport to shape societies, bodies and individual identities Offers startling historical evidence and bold new ideas about how the social and material spaces of the aeroplane are considered in the modern era

Constitutionalization of European Private Law

XXII/2
Author: Hans Micklitz
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191020087
Category: Law
Page: 320
View: 8532
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In recent years the impact of human rights and fundamental rights on private law has risen in prominence and led to a whole series of detailed investigations. 'Constitutionalization of private law' is the flag under which most of the research on the increasing impact of national constitutional rights on national private legal orders is sailing. In the absence of a European Constitution, the constitutionalization of European private law suggests a process: constitutionalization instead of constituent power, demos, and the magic constitutional moment. The Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights constitute the two pillars on which the transformation of European private law rests. This volume clearly demonstrates the change that has taken place, at the national and at the European level. Private law is no longer immune to the intrusion of fundamental and human rights. Whilst member states and the EU are driving the process by adopting ever more concrete and more comprehensive lists of human and fundamental rights, at the national, the European, and international level with overlapping contents, the true and key players in this development are the national and European courts. Contributions to this volume give this process a face and a direction, which is highlighted in the introduction by Hans-W. Micklitz.

Seductions of Place

Geographical Perspectives on Globalization and Touristed Landscapes
Author: Alan A Lew
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134651872
Category: Science
Page: 344
View: 9125
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The seductiveness of touristed landscapes is simultaneously local and global, as travelled places are formed and reworked by the activities of diverse, mobile people, in their desires to experience situated, sensuous qualities of difference. Cartier and Lew’s interesting and informative book explores contemporary issues in travel and tourism and human geography, and the complex cultural, political, and economic activities at stake in touristed landscapes as a result of globalization. This book assesses travel and tourism as simultaneously cultural and economic processes, through ideas about place seduction and the formation of landscapes. Throughout, examples are given from urban and environmental touristed landscapes, from major world cities to tropical islands, and chapter contributions include: an analysis of the representational character of landscape and the built environment historic constructions of place seduction the importance of class, racial, and gender dimensions of place how mobility and the seduction of place orient identity formation the environmental impacts of tourism economies. Broad in scope, this book is ideal for social scientists and humanists who are interested in contemporary debates about place studies, mobility, and the located realities of globalization.

Scales of Justice

Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World
Author: Nancy Fraser
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519621
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 4734
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Until recently, struggles for justice proceeded against the background of a taken-for-granted frame: the bounded territorial state. With that "Westphalian" picture of political space assumed by default, the scope of justice was rarely subject to open dispute. Today, however, human-rights activists and international feminists join critics of structural adjustment and the World Trade Organization in challenging the view that justice can only be a domestic relation among fellow citizens. Targeting injustices that cut across borders, they are making the scale of justice an object of explicit struggle. Inspired by these efforts, Nancy Fraser asks: What is the proper frame for theorizing justice? Faced with a plurality of competing scales, how do we know which one is truly just? In exploring these questions, Fraser revises her widely discussed theory of redistribution and recognition. She introduces a third, "political" dimension of justice representation and elaborates a new, reflexive type of critical theory that foregrounds injustices of "misframing." Engaging with thinkers such as Jürgen Habermas, John Rawls, Michel Foucault, and Hannah Arendt, she envisions a "postwestphalian" mapping of political space that accommodates transnational solidarity, transborder publicity, and democratic frame-setting, as well as emancipatory projects that cross borders. The result is a sustained reflection on who should count with respect to what in a globalizing world.