Foreign Direct Investment in a Changing Global Political Economy


Author: Steve Chan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349141216
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 246
View: 9321
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This book examines foreign direct investment in a changing world economy. It offers case-studies of this investment in different national and industrial contexts. Firms and countries have encountered mixed results in using this investment to further their foreign leverage. Conversely, potential host countries have faced different opportunities and constraints in attracting or utilizing foreign capital for their development. Although some countries have been relatively successful, most do not appear to be well positioned to take advantage of the ongoing processes of globalization of national economies.

Changing Lanes in China

Foreign Direct Investment, Local Governments, and Auto Sector Development
Author: Eric Thun
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139447867
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 7497
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This book addresses two of the most important trends in political economy during the last two decades - globalization and decentralization - in the context of the world's most rapidly growing economic power, China. The intent is to provide a better understanding of how local political and economic institutions shape the ability of Chinese state-owned firms to utilize foreign direct investment (FDI) to remake themselves in the transition from inefficient and technologically backward firms into powerful national champions. In a global economy, the author argues, local governments are increasingly the agents of industrial transformation at the level of the firm. Local institutions are durable over time, and they have important economic consequences. Through an analysis of five Chinese regions, the treatment seeks to specify the opportunities and constraints that alternative institutional structures create, how they change over time, and ultimately, how they prepare Chinese firms for the challenge of global competition.

Partisan Investment in the Global Economy

Why the Left Loves Foreign Direct Investment and FDI Loves the Left
Author: Pablo M. Pinto
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107019109
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 2223
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Pinto develops a partisan theory of foreign direct investment (FDI) arguing that left-wing governments choose policies that allow easier entry by foreign investors more than right-wing governments, and that foreign investors prefer to invest in countries governed by the left. To reach this determination, the book derives the conditions under which investment flows should be expected to affect the relative demand for the services supplied by economic actors in host countries. Based on these expected distributive consequences, a political economy model of the regulation of FDI and changes in investment performance within countries and over time is developed. The theory is tested using both cross-national statistical analysis and two case studies exploring the development of the foreign investment regimes and their performance over the past century in Argentina and South Korea.

The Russian Economy and Foreign Direct Investment


Author: Kari Liuhto,Sergei Sutyrin,Jean-Marc F. Blanchard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317309030
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 296
View: 5214
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Before the recent Ukrainian crisis, Russia was one of the main sources of foreign direct investment (FDI) outflow and one of the main targets of FDI inflow in the world. However, the events in the Ukraine, the formation of the Eurasian Economic Union, and China’s growing interest in the Russian market and its natural resources have changed the picture completely. This new book brings together an international group of contributors to present a timely and comprehensive analysis of FDI to and from Russia. The book assesses the impact of the changed international political situation on foreign firms operating in Russia, and explores how the new world context has affected Russian investments abroad. The book also considers the future relationship between Russian corporations and the EU and the USA in light of recent events. This book answers an array of key questions including: how have investments from and to Russia developed in the last 100 years; how are Russian businesses spreading to foreign countries through their indirect investments; and how is the Russian Government influencing the investments of Russian businesses abroad? This volume is of great interest to those who study international economics, modern world economy, and FDI, as well as those interested in international investment movements and the changing role of Russia in international business and the global economy.

Foreign Direct Investment in Russia

A Strategy for Industrial Recovery
Author: P. Fischer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0333977599
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 610
View: 6706
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Russia's post-reform crisis can be alleviated. The country has the market, the abundant natural resources and the human skills that foreign investors seek. What it needs is policies that enhance FDI inflows. Policy-makers can learn from the other large emerging markets like China, India, and Mexico, where FDI has revitalized the economy.

Institutions and Investments

Foreign Direct Investment in China During an Era of Reforms
Author: Jun Fu
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472111787
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 285
View: 1862
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Provides an in-depth look at how China's financial institutions interact with foreign investment

Nation-States and the Multinational Corporation

A Political Economy of Foreign Direct Investment
Author: Nathan M. Jensen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837373
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 5001
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What makes a country attractive to foreign investors? To what extent do conditions of governance and politics matter? This book provides the most systematic exploration to date of these crucial questions at the nexus of politics and economics. Using quantitative data and interviews with investment promotion agencies, investment location consultants, political risk insurers, and decision makers at multinational corporations, Nathan Jensen arrives at a surprising conclusion: Countries may be competing for international capital, but government fiscal policy--both taxation and spending--has little impact on multinationals' investment decisions. Although government policy has a limited ability to determine patterns of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, political institutions are central to explaining why some countries are more successful in attracting international capital. First, democratic institutions lower political risks for multinational corporations. Indeed, they lead to massive amounts of foreign direct investment. Second, politically federal institutions, in contrast to fiscally federal institutions, lower political risks for multinationals and allow host countries to attract higher levels of FDI inflows. Third, the International Monetary Fund, often cited as a catalyst for promoting foreign investment, actually deters multinationals from investment in countries under IMF programs. Even after controlling for the factors that lead countries to seek IMF support, IMF agreements are associated with much lower levels of FDI inflows.

Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern Europe

Post-crisis Perspectives
Author: Balázs Szent-Iványi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319404962
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 266
View: 1487
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This book examines how foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to Central and Eastern Europe have changed after the Great Recession. It argues that beyond their cyclical effects, the economic crisis and the changing competitiveness of Central and Eastern European countries have had structural impacts on FDI in the region. FDI has traditionally been viewed as the key driver of national development, but the apparent structural shift means that focusing on cheap labour as a competitive advantage is no longer a viable strategy for the countries in the region. The authors argue that these countries need to move beyond the narrative of upgrading (attracting FDI inflows with increasingly higher value added), and focus on ensuring greater value capture instead. A potential way for doing this is by developing the conditions in which innovative national companies can emerge, thrive and eventually develop into lead firms of global value chains. The book provides readers with a highly informative account of the reasons why this shift is necessary, as well as diverse perspectives and extensive discussions on the dynamics and structural impacts of FDI in post-crisis Central and Eastern Europe.

Japan and China in the World Political Economy


Author: Saadia Pekkanen,Kellee Tsai
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134203608
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 250
View: 9570
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Two powers in East Asia today stand to define the region's economic and commercial future: Japan, which rose in a spectacular industrial burst to become at present the world's second largest economy; and China, which is rapidly advancing towards a market economy under the watchful eye of the world. While much has been made of Japan and China’s particular economic institutions and developmental paths, few works analyze them in a comparative framework. Including contributions from leading academics, the text focuses on the period from the 1980s to the onset of the 2000s, reviewing the experiences of Japan and China across the areas of development, trade, investment, finance and technology. Drawing on a combination of official documents, economic statistics, case studies and original fieldwork, this book will give political scientists, political economists, business concerns, and policy analysts a firmer grasp of the role Japan and China stand to play in the world political economy.

Asia's Changing International Investment Regime

Sustainability, Regionalization, and Arbitration
Author: Julien Chaisse,Tomoko Ishikawa,Sufian Jusoh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811058822
Category: Law
Page: 260
View: 521
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This book focuses on the Asia-Pacific region, delineating the evolving dynamics of foreign investment in the region. It examines the relationship between efforts to increase foreign direct investment (FDI) and efforts to improve governance and inclusive growth and development. Against a background of rapidly developing international investment law, it emphasises the need to strike a balance between these domestic and international legal frameworks, seeking to promote both foreign investment and the laws and policies necessary to regulate investments and investor conduct. Foreign investments play a pivotal role in most countries’ political economies, and in order to encourage cross-border capital flows, countries have taken various steps, such as revising their domestic legal frameworks, liberalising rules on inward and outward investment, and creating special regimes that provide incentives and protections for foreign investment. Alongside the developments in domestic laws, countries have also taken bilateral and multilateral action, including entering into trade and/or investment agreements. Further, the book explores regional investment trends, highlights specific features of Asia-Pacific investment laws and treaties, and analyses policy implications. It addresses four overarching themes: the trends (how Asia-Pacific’s agreements compare with recent global trends in the evolving rules on foreign investment); what China is doing; current investment arbitration practice in Asia; and the importance of regionalising investment law in the Asia-Pacific region. In addition, it identifies and discusses the research and policy gaps that should be filled in order to promote more sustainable and responsible investment. The book offers a valuable resource not only for academics and students, but also for trade and investment officials, policy-makers, diplomats, economists, lawyers, think tanks, and business leaders interested in the governance and regulation of foreign investment, economic policy reforms, and the development of new types of investment agreements.

A Critical Rewriting of Global Political Economy

Integrating Reproductive, Productive and Virtual Economies
Author: V. Spike Peterson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134380208
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 4490
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Moving beyond a narrow definition of economics, this pioneering book advances our knowledge of global political economy and how we might critically respond to it. V. Spike Peterson clearly shows how two key features of the global economy increasingly determine everyday lives worldwide. The first is explosive growth in financial markets that shape business decision-making and public policy-making, and the second is dramatic growth in informal and flexible work arrangements that shape income-generation and family wellbeing. These developments, though widely recognized, are rarely analyzed as inextricable and interacting dimensions of globalization. Using a new theoretical model, Peterson demonstrates the interdependence of reproductive, productive and virtual economies and analyzes inequalities of race, gender, class and nation as structural features of neoliberal globalization. Presenting a methodologically plural, cross-disciplinary and well-documented account of globalization, the author integrates marginalized and disparate features of globalization to provide an accessible narrative from a postcolonial feminist vantage point.

Foreign Direct Investment in Japan


Author: Masaru Yoshitomi,Edward Montgomery Graham
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781782542926
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 231
View: 2804
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The direct participation of foreign firms in the economy of Japan is lower than in any other advanced industrial nation. The contributors consider what policy actions, if any, the Japanese government can take to increase direct investment.

Foreign Direct Investment


Author: Dale R. Weigel
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821340509
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 119
View: 8778
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The report reviews lessons from the International Finance Corporation's (IFC) investment, and advisory experience in the developing world, which show the interactions between policy frameworks, and the volume and structure of foreign direct investments (FDI). Case studies show how the Corporation promotes successful project structures, and regulatory changes, as it tries to attain the strongest development impact for investments. In developing countries, FDI has flowed mainly into manufacturing, and processing industries. In the past, investment attractiveness had been closely linked to possession of natural resources, or a large domestic market, while production and trade globalization, competitiveness as a location for investment, and exporting, have become the main determinants of attractiveness. Sources of FDI in the past, came almost exclusively from industrial countries, though recently those sources have widened, emerging from developing countries in their own right, and for their own regions. IFC, as an international initiative to promote FDI in developing countries, is liable to promote bilateral trade agreements, bilateral and multilateral financial institutions, and investment promotion programs; its advisory role may vary from diagnostic studies overviewing constraints to FDI, to investment policy studies giving specific solutions on either changes, or strategies. The study further looks at how policy environment is set, and at finding investor opportunities, through project financing, largely structured as joint ventures. The inherent, fragile nature of joint ventures, restricts foreign ownership, thus limiting project structures; however, careful project design has lead to successful operations, by ensuring management, and financial arrangements. Still, to maximize benefits, an unfinished agenda of policy reform remains, and, as more countries open to FDI, this integration will lead to an overall increase in FDI flows.

The Arab Economies in a Changing World


Author: Marcus Noland,Howard Pack
Publisher: Peterson Institute
ISBN: 0881325333
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9465
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Foreign Direct Investment in Central Europe and Differences in Transition between post- communist Central European Economies


Author: Jan Angenendt
Publisher: diplom.de
ISBN: 3842806442
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 60
View: 9691
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Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The transition process from a centrally planned to a market economy followed a very different path in East Germany compared to all other former communist countries. The German Democratic Republic acceded the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990, while other former socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) had to start from square one after becoming independent from the USSR. In contrast to other post-soviet countries, East Germany subsequently received massive transfers from the Western part of the country. A significant part of these transfers was invested into infrastructure improvement, while a larger share was spent for consumption, raising the purchasing power in the East of Germany, allowing it to sustain a higher wage level and living standard than would have been economically possible without aid from the West. Twenty years after the breakdown of the iron curtain and the reunification of Germany, the infrastructure in the Eastern part of the country is en par with the West. The East German wage level remains only slightly lower than the Western level (as does productivity), but is significantly higher than in neighbouring post-communist CEE-countries. Because of these differences in economic transition, it can be expected that East Germany attracts a different kind of foreign direct investment compared to other CEE-countries. The objective of this dissertation is to empirically identify the factors affecting foreign direct investment into the region and to discuss the implications of the empirical findings for regional and national economic policy. The region is represented in this paper by East Germany and three of its Central-European neighbour-countries, the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary. The present study is organised as follows: A brief historical overview of the four economies transition processes will be given in chapter 2. The theoretical background, the methodology and the dataset used are being discussed in section 3. Hypotheses derived from the region s history, economic theory and previous literature on foreign direct investment will be presented in section 4. In section 5 they will be tested and the econometric results identifying the factors affecting foreign investors investment decisions in Central Europe will be discussed. Finally, the main empirical findings and their political implications will be summarised in the concluding chapter [...]

AFTA in the Changing International Economy


Author: N.A
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian
ISBN: 9813055154
Category: ASEAN countries
Page: 216
View: 3154
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Foreign Direct Investment and Development

The New Policy Agenda for Developing Countries and Economies in Transition
Author: Theodore H. Moran
Publisher: Peterson Institute
ISBN: 9780881322583
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 191
View: 1135
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Foreign direct investment (FDI) has grown dramatically and is now the largest and most stable source of private capital for developing countries and economies in transition, accounting for nearly 50 percent of all those flows. Meanwhile, the growing role of FDI in host countries has been accompanied by a change of attitude, from critical wariness toward multinational corporations to sometimes uncritical enthusiasm about their role in the development process. What are the most valuable benefits and opportunities that foreign firms have to offer? What risks and dangers do they pose? Beyond improving the micro and macroeconomic "fundamentals" in their own countries and building an investment-friendly environment, do authorities in host countries need a proactive (rather than passive) policy toward foreign investment? In one of the most comprehensive studies on FDI in two decades, Theodore Moran synthesizes evidence drawn from a wealth of case literature to assess policies toward FDI in these countries. His focus is on investment promotion, domestic content mandates, export-performance requirements, joint-venture requirements, and technology-licensing mandates. The study demonstrates that there is indeed a large, energetic, and vital role for host authorities to play in designing policies toward FDI but that the needed actions differ substantially from conventional beliefs on the topic. Dr. Moran offers a new and controversial agenda for host governments, aimed at maximizing the benefits they can obtain from FDI while minimizing the dangers, and suggests how they might best pursue this agenda.

From Political to Economic Awakening in the Arab World

The Path of Economic Integration
Author: Jean-Pierre Chauffour
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821396706
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 340
View: 934
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The popular grievances that have fueled the Arab Spring since 2010 demonstrate that past development paradigms have failed to achieve the inclusive and sustainable growth expected by Arab populations. Countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region have failed to develop a strong private sector that is linked with global markets, survives without state assistance, and generates productive employment for young people. One key symptom of this maldevelopment is that, with the exception of the petroleum sector, MENA remains the least trade-integrated region in the world. The Deauville Partnership, launched by the Group of Eight (G8) in Deauville, France, in May 2011, is thus strategic and timely. At the request of the G8, this report provides an analytical framework for increasing trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) for Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia (the Partnership countries ). Increased trade and FDI is a key means by which Partnership countries can achieve a path of sustainable growth that reduces youth unemployment. Moreover, trade and investment can also show short-term results. The G8 countries, Turkey, the Gulf states, and other Deauville partners can help the new Arab democracies achieve their objectives in two main ways: by effectively expanding market opportunities and by supporting domestic regulatory reforms. To start implementing a long-term vision of increased trade and investment integration, based on an integrated economic space in the Mediterranean basin, the Deauville Partnership could focus on five priority areas. These are helping Partnership countries adapt to a fast-changing trade, FDI, and jobs landscape; improving market access opportunities and market regulations; fostering competitiveness, diversification, and employment; facilitating trade and mobilizing trade finance and diaspora resources; and promoting inclusiveness, equity, and sustainability of the structural transformation brought about by the process of integration. The success of the Arab political awakening will greatly depend on the emergence of such an economic awakening that can generate quality employment for the millions of young Arab men and women who seek jobs and a decent life.

Perspectives on Global Development 2013 Industrial Policies in a Changing World

Industrial Policies in a Changing World
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264194398
Category:
Page: 260
View: 1854
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Perspectives on Global Development (PGD) is OECD’s annual publication on emerging development issues. The 2013 edition focuses on productive growth strategies.

Japan and the Global Economy

Issues and Trends in the 1990s
Author: Jonathan Morris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134921799
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 6256
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First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.