Foucault and the Iranian Revolution

Gender and the Seductions of Islamism
Author: Janet Afary,Kevin B. Anderson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226007878
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 8768
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In 1978, as the protests against the Shah of Iran reached their zenith, philosopher Michel Foucault was working as a special correspondent for Corriere della Sera and le Nouvel Observateur. During his little-known stint as a journalist, Foucault traveled to Iran, met with leaders like Ayatollah Khomeini, and wrote a series of articles on the revolution. Foucault and the Iranian Revolution is the first book-length analysis of these essays on Iran, the majority of which have never before appeared in English. Accompanying the analysis are annotated translations of the Iran writings in their entirety and the at times blistering responses from such contemporaneous critics as Middle East scholar Maxime Rodinson as well as comments on the revolution by feminist philosopher Simone de Beauvoir. In this important and controversial account, Janet Afary and Kevin B. Anderson illuminate Foucault's support of the Islamist movement. They also show how Foucault's experiences in Iran contributed to a turning point in his thought, influencing his ideas on the Enlightenment, homosexuality, and his search for political spirituality. Foucault and the Iranian Revolution informs current discussion on the divisions that have reemerged among Western intellectuals over the response to radical Islamism after September 11. Foucault's provocative writings are thus essential for understanding the history and the future of the West's relationship with Iran and, more generally, to political Islam. In their examination of these journalistic pieces, Afary and Anderson offer a surprising glimpse into the mind of a celebrated thinker.

Islam und Kapitalismus


Author: Maxime Rodinson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518281840
Category:
Page: 365
View: 6602
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Eine Kritik der politischen Vernunft

Foucaults Analyse der modernen Gouvernementalität
Author: Thomas Lemke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783886192519
Category: Political science
Page: 412
View: 8813
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Der Begriff der Regierung, den Foucault vor allem in den weitgehend unveroffentlichten Vorlesungen der Jahre 1978 und 1979 am College de France entwickelt hat, liefert den Schlussel zum Verstandnis seines Spatwerks. NIcht mehr Recht und Krieg, sondern Fuhrung und Hegemonie bilden die zentralen Bezugspunkte. FOucault vertritt die These, daSS die "Genealogie des modernen Staates" und die "Genealogie des modernen Subjekts" zusammengehoren. FOucaults Analyse der modernen Gouvernementmentalitat darf gerade heute Aktualitat beanspruchen. ANhand des liberalen Denkens zeigt er, wie die Selbstregulationsfahigkeit von Individuen und Gruppen mit okonomischer Profitmaximierung und gesellschaftspolitischen Zielen verknupft werden. DAmit kann er die Beziehungen zwischen "Bio-Politik" und Rassismus, Freiheit und Sicherheit, dem Abbau sozialstaatlicher Leistungen und dem zunehmenden Appell an "Eigenverantwortung" und "Selbstsorge" aufzeigen. Der Neoliberalismus ist demnach eine Rationalitat, die nicht nur eine neue Form des Sozialen "erfindet", sondern auch eine neue Subjektivitat. IN ihr sind wirtschaftlicher Wohlstand und personliches Wohlsein miteinander gekoppelt, wobei nicht nur der individuelle Korper, sondern auch der Staat als politischer Korper "schlank" und "fit" sein muSS. THomas Lemkes Studie, die auf umfangreichen Recherchen und bislang unbekanntem Archivmaterial basiert, betritt Neuland in der Foucault-Rezeption. DAruber hinaus enthalt sie die umfassendste Bibliographie der politisch und sozialwissenschaftlich relevanten Arbeiten Foucaults und eine Vielzahl von deutschen Erstubersetzungen seiner Texte. SIe zeigt aber auch, wie von SchulerInnen und KollegInnen Foucaults die "Regierungs"-.PErspektive aufgenommen wurde und sich in Forschungsarbeiten konkretisieren. SIe bietet nicht nur eine Interpretation, sondern wird selbst zum Werkzeug fur eine Kritik der politischen Vernunft.

Agonie des Realen

Aus dem Franzosischen ubersetzt von Lothar Kutzawa und Volker Schaefer
Author: Jean Baudrillard
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783920986999
Category: Civilization, Modern
Page: 110
View: 7463
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Die Regierung der Lebenden

Vorlesungen am Collège de France 1979-1980
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518586082
Category:
Page: 496
View: 4705
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Die Vorlesungen, die Michel Foucault in den Jahren 1979 und 1980 am Collège de France gehalten hat, haben in seinem Werk eine Scharnierfunktion. Nach der Untersuchung der politischen Wahrheitsregime, die im Zentrum der großen Vorlesungen zur Gouvernementalität standen, treten hier nun die ethischen Wahrheitsregime, die Selbsttechnologien, ganz in den Fokus von Foucaults Forschungen. Ein Thema, das ihn bis zu seinem Tod beschäftigt hat. Wie kommt es, so Foucaults zentrale Frage, dass in der christlich-abendländischen Kultur von den Menschen nicht mehr nur Akte des Gehorsams und der Unterwerfung, sondern auch ”Akte der Wahrheit“, des Wahrsprechens über sich selbst, über ihre Fehler, Wünsche und den Zustand ihrer Seele, verlangt werden? Zur Beantwortung dieser Frage unterzieht Foucault zunächst Sophokles' König Ödipus einer neuen Lektüre, wendet sich aber dann dem Urchristentum und dessen Praktiken der Taufe, Gewissensprüfung und Buße zu. In diesen Ritualen wird eine pastorale Ökonomie sichtbar, die um das öffentliche Geständnis kreist. Im Gegensatz zu dieser Ethik der Reinigung war die antike, heidnische Moral noch durch eine ”Kunst der Existenz“ bestimmt, wie sich in einem abschließenden Vergleich zeigt. Mit Die Regierung der Lebenden liegen nun Foucaults erste Untersuchungen zu diesen Fragen der Ethik und Ästhetik der Existenz vor, die den fulminanten Auftakt zu seinem Spätwerk bilden.

Aus den Ruinen des Empires

Die Revolte gegen den Westen und der Wiederaufstieg Asiens
Author: Pankaj Mishra
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104027463
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 8820
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Asiens Antwort auf den westlichen Imperialismus: »Provokant, beschämend und überzeugend« The Times Nachdem die letzten Erben des Mogul-Reiches getötet und der Sommerpalast in Peking zerstört war, schien die asiatische Welt vom Westen besiegt. Erstmals erzählt der Essayist und Schriftsteller Pankaj Mishra, wie in dieser Situation Intellektuelle in Indien, China und Afghanistan eine Fülle an Ideen entwickelten, die zur Grundlage für ein neues Asien wurden. Sie waren es, die Mao und Gandhi inspirierten und neue Strömungen des Islam anregten. Von hier aus nahmen die verschiedenen Länder ihren jeweiligen Weg in die Moderne. Unterhaltsam und eindringlich schildert Pankaj Mishra die Entstehung des antikolonialen Denkens und seine Folgen. Ein Buch, das einen völlig neuen Blick auf die Geschichte der Welt bietet und den Schlüssel liefert, um das heutige Asien zu verstehen. »Brillant. Mishra spiegelt den tradierten westlichen Blick auf Asien zurück. Moderne Geschichte, wie sie die Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung erfahren hat - von der Türkei bis China. Großartig.« Orhan Pamuk »Lebendig ... fesselnd ... ›Aus den Ruinen des Empires‹ hat die Kraft, nicht nur zu belehren, sondern zu schockieren.« Mark Mazower, Financial Times

Orientalism Revisited

Art, Land and Voyage
Author: Ian Richard Netton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415538548
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 3432
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The publication of Edward Said’s Orientalism in 1978 marks the inception of orientalism as a discourse. Since then, Orientalism has remained highly polemical and has become a widely employed epistemological tool. Three decades on, this volume sets out to survey, analyse and revisit the state of the Orientalist debate, both past and present. The leitmotiv of this book is its emphasis on an intimate connection between art, land and voyage. Orientalist art of all kinds frequently derives from a consideration of the land which is encountered on a voyage or pilgrimage, a relationship which, until now, has received little attention. Through adopting a thematic and prosopographical approach, and attempting to locate the fundamentals of the debate in the historical and cultural contexts in which they arose, this book brings together a diversity of opinions, analyses and arguments.

Foucault and Power

The Influence of Political Engagement on Theories of Power
Author: Marcelo Hoffman
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441176578
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 6117
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Michel Foucault is one of the most preeminent theorists of power, yet the relationship between his militant activities and his analysis of power remains unclear. The book explores this relationship to explain the development of Foucault's thinking about power. Using newly translated and unpublished materials, it examines what led Foucault to take on the question of power in the early 1970s and subsequently refine his thinking, working through different models (war and government) and modalities (disciplinary, biopolitical and governmental). Looking at Foucault's political trajectory, from his immersion in the prisoner support movement to his engagements with the Iranian revolution and Solidarity in Poland, the book shows the militant underpinning of his interest in the question of power and its various shifts and mutations. This thorough account, which includes the first translation of a report edited by Foucault on prison conditions, will provide students in contemporary political theory with a better understanding of Foucault's thinking about power and of the interplay between political activities and theoretical productions.

Foucault in Iran

Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment
Author: Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452950563
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 8699
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Were the thirteen essays Michel Foucault wrote in 1978–1979 endorsing the Iranian Revolution an aberration of his earlier work or an inevitable pitfall of his stance on Enlightenment rationality, as critics have long alleged? Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi argues that the critics are wrong. He declares that Foucault recognized that Iranians were at a threshold and were considering if it were possible to think of dignity, justice, and liberty outside the cognitive maps and principles of the European Enlightenment. Foucault in Iran centers not only on the significance of the great thinker’s writings on the revolution but also on the profound mark the event left on his later lectures on ethics, spirituality, and fearless speech. Contemporary events since 9/11, the War on Terror, and the Arab Uprisings have made Foucault’s essays on the Iranian Revolution more relevant than ever. Ghamari-Tabrizi illustrates how Foucault saw in the revolution an instance of his antiteleological philosophy: here was an event that did not fit into the normative progressive discourses of history. What attracted him to the Iranian Revolution was precisely its ambiguity. Theoretically sophisticated and empirically rich, this interdisciplinary work will spark a lively debate in its insistence that what informed Foucault’s writing was not an effort to understand Islamism but, rather, his conviction that Enlightenment rationality has not closed the gate of unknown possibilities for human societies.

Für einen linken Populismus


Author: Chantal Mouffe
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518759868
Category: Political Science
Page: 111
View: 7901
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Kann es das geben, einen guten, linken Populismus? Chantal Mouffe vertritt die Auffassung, dass dies möglich und sogar notwendig ist – eine Position, die ihr auch Kritik eingetragen hat. Führt das nicht zu einer gefährlichen Emotionalisierung? Läuft das nicht ebenfalls auf eine Unterscheidung zwischen gutem Volk und bösem Establishment hinaus? Politik, so Mouffe, funktioniere nun einmal über konfrontative Wir/sie-Konstruktionen; und ja, es gebe eine Art »Oligarchie«, die eine Verwirklichung demokratischer und ökologischer Ziele verhindere. Dies mache klare politische Alternativen und neue progressive Allianzen erforderlich. Eine so präzise wie provokante Intervention, die angesichts der Krise sozialliberaler Parteien und der Debatte um »Identitätspolitik« für Gesprächsstoff sorgen wird.

Zum irdischen Frieden

Erkenntnisse und Vermutungen
Author: Dieter Senghaas
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518123843
Category: Germany
Page: 301
View: 2359
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Einführung in Kants Anthropologie


Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518585474
Category: Philosophical anthropology
Page: 141
View: 5415
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Das Universelle, das Einförmige, das Gemeinsame und der Dialog zwischen den Kulturen


Author: François Jullien
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783883962627
Category:
Page: 207
View: 9515
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On the Arab Revolts and the Iranian Revolution

Power and Resistance Today
Author: Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472512405
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 9455
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On the Arab Revolts and the Iranian Revolution: Power and Resistance Today is the first comparative analysis of two central political events that have altered our world forever: the Arab uprisings which started in Tunisia, and the Iranian revolution in 1979. Adib-Moghaddam demonstrates how contemporary forms of protest are changing our understanding about the way power and resistance function. In a theoretical tour de force which is substantiated with a range of primary material, he argues that acts of protest in Tehran to Cairo can be entirely linked to the same act in New York, London, Madrid and Athens. Breaking through the east/west, north/south divide, Adib-Moghaddam shows how the Arab revolts promise to shift the discourse away from the idea that Arabs and Muslims are peculiar, that "Middle Eastern Studies" cannot be linked to political theory, that the dynamics of rebellion "there" are fundamentally different from the politics of revolt "here". Adib-Moghaddam argues that the dialectics of power and resistance are truly universal and that they are unfolding within a globalised political context that is increasingly interconnected. In order to illuminate this argument theoretically, the study is organised around conceptual terms that feed into forms of power and resistance, such as revolution, radicalism, dissent, knowledge, neighbour and reform. These terms and concepts are discussed and deconstructed via an empirical discussion of pivotal events beyond the non-western world, demonstrating that for a long time, and without realising it, we have been living in the end times of unitary categories such as "west" and "east."

Sexual Politics in Modern Iran


Author: Janet Afary
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110739435X
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 9008
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Janet Afary is a native of Iran and a leading historian. Her work focuses on gender and sexuality and draws on her experience of growing up in Iran and her involvement with Iranian women of different ages and social strata. These observations, and a wealth of historical documents, form the kernel of this book, which charts the history of the nation's sexual revolution from the nineteenth century to today. What comes across is the extraordinary resilience of the Iranian people, who have drawn on a rich social and cultural heritage to defy the repression and hardship of the Islamist state and its predecessors. It is this resilience, the author concludes, which forms the basis of a sexual revolution taking place in Iran today, one that is promoting reforms in marriage and family laws, and demanding more egalitarian gender and sexual relations.

Eine iranische Liebesgeschichte zensieren


Author: Shahriar Mandanipur
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783293205338
Category:
Page: 319
View: 6795
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Gouvernementalität und Biopolitik


Author: Thomas Lemke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531150871
Category: Political Science
Page: 218
View: 2099
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»Vergesst Foucault!« – so lautete die provokante Aufforderung Jean Baudrillards Ende der 1970er Jahre. Ein Vierteljahrhundert später ist die sozialwissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung mit dem Werk des französischen Historikers und Philosophen intensiver denn je. Zwei Konzepte haben in den vergangenen Jahren die Rezeption in besonderer Weise geprägt: Gouvernementalität und Biopolitik. Der vorliegende Band erkundet die gegenwartsdiagnostische Reichweite und die soziologische Relevanz der beiden Konzepte. Er zeichnet ihre Entstehungskontexte und Bedeutungsdimensionen nach und diskutiert Perspektiven und Probleme der aktuellen Rezeption. Das Ergebnis ist eine theoretische Weiterentwicklung der Machtanalytik, die sich auf empirische Forschungsfragen bezieht und ihr gesellschaftskritisches Potenzial aufzeigt.

Starve and Immolate

The Politics of Human Weapons
Author: Banu Bargu
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538111
Category: Philosophy
Page: 512
View: 7669
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Starve and Immolate tells the story of leftist political prisoners in Turkey who waged a deadly struggle against the introduction of high security prisons by forging their lives into weapons. Weaving together contemporary and critical political theory with political ethnography, Banu Bargu analyzes the death fast struggle as an exemplary though not exceptional instance of self-destructive practices that are a consequence of, retort to, and refusal of the increasingly biopolitical forms of sovereign power deployed around the globe. Bargu chronicles the experiences, rituals, values, beliefs, ideological self-representations, and contentions of the protestors who fought cellular confinement against the background of the history of Turkish democracy and the treatment of dissent in a country where prisons have become sites of political confrontation. A critical response to Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish, Starve and Immolate centers on new forms of struggle that arise from the asymmetric antagonism between the state and its contestants in the contemporary prison. Bargu ultimately positions the weaponization of life as a bleak, violent, and ambivalent form of insurgent politics that seeks to wrench the power of life and death away from the modern state on corporeal grounds and in increasingly theologized forms. Drawing attention to the existential commitment, sacrificial morality, and militant martyrdom that transforms these struggles into a complex amalgam of resistance, Bargu explores the global ramifications of human weapons' practices of resistance, their possibilities and limitations.

Radical Democracy and Political Theology


Author: Jeffrey W. Robbins
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231156367
Category: Philosophy
Page: 232
View: 868
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Alexis de Tocqueville once wrote that "the people reign over the American political world like God over the universe," unwittingly casting democracy as the political instantiation of the death of God. According to Jeffrey W. Robbins, Tocqueville's assessment remains an apt observation of modern democratic power, which does not rest with a sovereign authority but operates as a diffuse social force. By linking radical democratic theory to a contemporary fascination with political theology, Robbins envisions the modern experience of democracy as a social, cultural, and political force transforming the nature of sovereign power and political authority. Robbins joins his work with Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri's radical conception of "network power," as well as Sheldon Wolin's notion of "fugitive democracy," to fashion a political theology that captures modern democracy's social and cultural torment. This approach has profound implications not only for the nature of contemporary religious belief and practice but also for the reconceptualization of the proper relationship between religion and politics. Challenging the modern, liberal, and secular assumption of a neutral public space, Robbins conceives of a postsecular politics for contemporary society that inextricably links religion to the political. While effectively recasting the tradition of radical theology as a political theology, this book also develops a comprehensive critique of the political theology bequeathed by Carl Schmitt. It marks an original and visionary achievement by the scholar the Journal of the American Academy of Religion hailed "one of the best commentators on religion and postmodernism."

Facebook and Philosophy

What's on Your Mind?
Author: D. E. Wittkower
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697200
Category: Philosophy
Page: 324
View: 3946
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Facebook and Philosophy is an entertaining, multi-faceted exploration of what Facebook means for us and for our relationships. With discussions ranging from the nature of friendship and its relationship to "friending," to the (debatable) efficacy of "online activism," this book is the most extensive and systematic attempt to understand Facebook yet. And with plenty of new perspectives on Twitter and Web 2.0 along the way, this fun, thought-provoking book is a serious and significant contribution for anyone working with social media, whether in academia, journalism, public relations, activism, or business. Exploring far-reaching questions — Can our interactions on Facebook help us care about each other more? Does Facebook signal the death of privacy, or (perhaps worse yet) the death of our desire for privacy? — Facebook and Philosophy is vital reading for anyone involved in social networks today.