Foundations of Hyperbolic Manifolds


Author: John Ratcliffe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475740131
Category: Mathematics
Page: 750
View: 6649
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This book is an exposition of the theoretical foundations of hyperbolic manifolds. It is intended to be used both as a textbook and as a reference. Particular emphasis has been placed on readability and completeness of ar gument. The treatment of the material is for the most part elementary and self-contained. The reader is assumed to have a basic knowledge of algebra and topology at the first-year graduate level of an American university. The book is divided into three parts. The first part, consisting of Chap ters 1-7, is concerned with hyperbolic geometry and basic properties of discrete groups of isometries of hyperbolic space. The main results are the existence theorem for discrete reflection groups, the Bieberbach theorems, and Selberg's lemma. The second part, consisting of Chapters 8-12, is de voted to the theory of hyperbolic manifolds. The main results are Mostow's rigidity theorem and the determination of the structure of geometrically finite hyperbolic manifolds. The third part, consisting of Chapter 13, in tegrates the first two parts in a development of the theory of hyperbolic orbifolds. The main results are the construction of the universal orbifold covering space and Poincare's fundamental polyhedron theorem.

The Arithmetic of Hyperbolic 3-Manifolds


Author: Colin Maclachlan,Alan W. Reid
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 147576720X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 467
View: 1539
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Recently there has been considerable interest in developing techniques based on number theory to attack problems of 3-manifolds; Contains many examples and lots of problems; Brings together much of the existing literature of Kleinian groups in a clear and concise way; At present no such text exists

Lectures on Hyperbolic Geometry


Author: Riccardo Benedetti,Carlo Petronio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642581587
Category: Mathematics
Page: 330
View: 9210
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Focussing on the geometry of hyperbolic manifolds, the aim here is to provide an exposition of some fundamental results, while being as self-contained, complete, detailed and unified as possible. Following some classical material on the hyperbolic space and the Teichmüller space, the book centers on the two fundamental results: Mostow's rigidity theorem (including a complete proof, following Gromov and Thurston) and Margulis' lemma. These then form the basis for studying Chabauty and geometric topology; a unified exposition is given of Wang's theorem and the Jorgensen-Thurston theory; and much space is devoted to the 3D case: a complete and elementary proof of the hyperbolic surgery theorem, based on the representation of three manifolds as glued ideal tetrahedra.

Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups


Author: Frank W. Warner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475717997
Category: Mathematics
Page: 276
View: 555
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Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups gives a clear, detailed, and careful development of the basic facts on manifold theory and Lie Groups. Coverage includes differentiable manifolds, tensors and differentiable forms, Lie groups and homogenous spaces, and integration on manifolds. The book also provides a proof of the de Rham theorem via sheaf cohomology theory and develops the local theory of elliptic operators culminating in a proof of the Hodge theorem.

A Primer on Mapping Class Groups


Author: Benson Farb,Dan Margalit
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691147949
Category: MATHEMATICS
Page: 472
View: 5255
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The study of the mapping class group Mod(S) is a classical topic that is experiencing a renaissance. It lies at the juncture of geometry, topology, and group theory. This book explains as many important theorems, examples, and techniques as possible, quickly and directly, while at the same time giving full details and keeping the text nearly self-contained. The book is suitable for graduate students. A Primer on Mapping Class Groups begins by explaining the main group-theoretical properties of Mod(S), from finite generation by Dehn twists and low-dimensional homology to the Dehn-Nielsen-Baer theorem. Along the way, central objects and tools are introduced, such as the Birman exact sequence, the complex of curves, the braid group, the symplectic representation, and the Torelli group. The book then introduces Teichmüller space and its geometry, and uses the action of Mod(S) on it to prove the Nielsen-Thurston classification of surface homeomorphisms. Topics include the topology of the moduli space of Riemann surfaces, the connection with surface bundles, pseudo-Anosov theory, and Thurston's approach to the classification.

Fundamentals of Hyperbolic Manifolds

Selected Expositions
Author: R. D. Canary,A. Marden,D. B. A. Epstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139447195
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 8328
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Presents reissued articles from two classic sources on hyperbolic manifolds. Part I is an exposition of Chapters 8 and 9 of Thurston's pioneering Princeton Notes; there is a new introduction describing recent advances, with an up-to-date bibliography, giving a contemporary context in which the work can be set. Part II expounds the theory of convex hull boundaries and their bending laminations. A new appendix describes recent work. Part III is Thurston's famous paper that presents the notion of earthquakes in hyperbolic geometry and proves the earthquake theorem. The final part introduces the theory of measures on the limit set, drawing attention to related ergodic theory and the exponent of convergence. The book will be welcomed by graduate students and professional mathematicians who want a rigorous introduction to some basic tools essential for the modern theory of hyperbolic manifolds.

Metric Structures for Riemannian and Non-Riemannian Spaces


Author: Mikhail Gromov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817645837
Category: Mathematics
Page: 586
View: 698
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This book is an English translation of the famous "Green Book" by Lafontaine and Pansu (1979). It has been enriched and expanded with new material to reflect recent progress. Additionally, four appendices, by Gromov on Levy's inequality, by Pansu on "quasiconvex" domains, by Katz on systoles of Riemannian manifolds, and by Semmes overviewing analysis on metric spaces with measures, as well as an extensive bibliography and index round out this unique and beautiful book.

An Introduction to Ergodic Theory


Author: Peter Walters
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387951522
Category: Mathematics
Page: 250
View: 6933
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This text provides an introduction to ergodic theory suitable for readers knowing basic measure theory. The mathematical prerequisites are summarized in Chapter 0. It is hoped the reader will be ready to tackle research papers after reading the book. The first part of the text is concerned with measure-preserving transformations of probability spaces; recurrence properties, mixing properties, the Birkhoff ergodic theorem, isomorphism and spectral isomorphism, and entropy theory are discussed. Some examples are described and are studied in detail when new properties are presented. The second part of the text focuses on the ergodic theory of continuous transformations of compact metrizable spaces. The family of invariant probability measures for such a transformation is studied and related to properties of the transformation such as topological traitivity, minimality, the size of the non-wandering set, and existence of periodic points. Topological entropy is introduced and related to measure-theoretic entropy. Topological pressure and equilibrium states are discussed, and a proof is given of the variational principle that relates pressure to measure-theoretic entropies. Several examples are studied in detail. The final chapter outlines significant results and some applications of ergodic theory to other branches of mathematics.

Riemannian Manifolds

An Introduction to Curvature
Author: John M. Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387227261
Category: Mathematics
Page: 226
View: 9014
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This text focuses on developing an intimate acquaintance with the geometric meaning of curvature and thereby introduces and demonstrates all the main technical tools needed for a more advanced course on Riemannian manifolds. It covers proving the four most fundamental theorems relating curvature and topology: the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem, the Cartan-Hadamard Theorem, Bonnet’s Theorem, and a special case of the Cartan-Ambrose-Hicks Theorem.

Indra's Pearls

The Vision of Felix Klein
Author: David Mumford,Caroline Series,David Wright
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521352536
Category: Mathematics
Page: 395
View: 7400
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Highly illustrated realization of infinitely reflected images related to fractals, chaos and symmetry.

Hyperbolic Manifolds

An Introduction in 2 and 3 Dimensions
Author: Albert Marden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316432521
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 4794
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Over the past three decades there has been a total revolution in the classic branch of mathematics called 3-dimensional topology, namely the discovery that most solid 3-dimensional shapes are hyperbolic 3-manifolds. This book introduces and explains hyperbolic geometry and hyperbolic 3- and 2-dimensional manifolds in the first two chapters and then goes on to develop the subject. The author discusses the profound discoveries of the astonishing features of these 3-manifolds, helping the reader to understand them without going into long, detailed formal proofs. The book is heavily illustrated with pictures, mostly in color, that help explain the manifold properties described in the text. Each chapter ends with a set of exercises and explorations that both challenge the reader to prove assertions made in the text, and suggest further topics to explore that bring additional insight. There is an extensive index and bibliography.

Differential Geometry and Topology

With a View to Dynamical Systems
Author: Keith Burns,Marian Gidea
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584882534
Category: Mathematics
Page: 400
View: 3282
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Accessible, concise, and self-contained, this book offers an outstanding introduction to three related subjects: differential geometry, differential topology, and dynamical systems. Topics of special interest addressed in the book include Brouwer's fixed point theorem, Morse Theory, and the geodesic flow. Smooth manifolds, Riemannian metrics, affine connections, the curvature tensor, differential forms, and integration on manifolds provide the foundation for many applications in dynamical systems and mechanics. The authors also discuss the Gauss-Bonnet theorem and its implications in non-Euclidean geometry models. The differential topology aspect of the book centers on classical, transversality theory, Sard's theorem, intersection theory, and fixed-point theorems. The construction of the de Rham cohomology builds further arguments for the strong connection between the differential structure and the topological structure. It also furnishes some of the tools necessary for a complete understanding of the Morse theory. These discussions are followed by an introduction to the theory of hyperbolic systems, with emphasis on the quintessential role of the geodesic flow. The integration of geometric theory, topological theory, and concrete applications to dynamical systems set this book apart. With clean, clear prose and effective examples, the authors' intuitive approach creates a treatment that is comprehensible to relative beginners, yet rigorous enough for those with more background and experience in the field.

Axiomatic Geometry


Author: John M. Lee
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821884786
Category: Mathematics
Page: 469
View: 6742
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The story of geometry is the story of mathematics itself: Euclidean geometry was the first branch of mathematics to be systematically studied and placed on a firm logical foundation, and it is the prototype for the axiomatic method that lies at the foundation of modern mathematics. It has been taught to students for more than two millennia as a mode of logical thought. This book tells the story of how the axiomatic method has progressed from Euclid's time to ours, as a way of understanding what mathematics is, how we read and evaluate mathematical arguments, and why mathematics has achieved the level of certainty it has. It is designed primarily for advanced undergraduates who plan to teach secondary school geometry, but it should also provide something of interest to anyone who wishes to understand geometry and the axiomatic method better. It introduces a modern, rigorous, axiomatic treatment of Euclidean and (to a lesser extent) non-Euclidean geometries, offering students ample opportunities to practice reading and writing proofs while at the same time developing most of the concrete geometric relationships that secondary teachers will need to know in the classroom. -- P. [4] of cover.

Fundamentals of Hyperbolic Manifolds

Selected Expositions
Author: R. D. Canary,A. Marden,D. B. A. Epstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521615585
Category: Mathematics
Page: 335
View: 9936
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Presents reissued articles from two classic sources on hyperbolic manifolds. Part I is an exposition of Chapters 8 and 9 of Thurston's pioneering Princeton Notes; there is a new introduction describing recent advances, with an up-to-date bibliography, giving a contemporary context in which the work can be set. Part II expounds the theory of convex hull boundaries and their bending laminations. A new appendix describes recent work. Part III is Thurston's famous paper that presents the notion of earthquakes in hyperbolic geometry and proves the earthquake theorem. The final part introduces the theory of measures on the limit set, drawing attention to related ergodic theory and the exponent of convergence. The book will be welcomed by graduate students and professional mathematicians who want a rigorous introduction to some basic tools essential for the modern theory of hyperbolic manifolds.

Transformation Groups in Differential Geometry


Author: Shoshichi Kobayashi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642619819
Category: Mathematics
Page: 182
View: 407
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Given a mathematical structure, one of the basic associated mathematical objects is its automorphism group. The object of this book is to give a biased account of automorphism groups of differential geometric struc tures. All geometric structures are not created equal; some are creations of ~ods while others are products of lesser human minds. Amongst the former, Riemannian and complex structures stand out for their beauty and wealth. A major portion of this book is therefore devoted to these two structures. Chapter I describes a general theory of automorphisms of geometric structures with emphasis on the question of when the automorphism group can be given a Lie group structure. Basic theorems in this regard are presented in §§ 3, 4 and 5. The concept of G-structure or that of pseudo-group structure enables us to treat most of the interesting geo metric structures in a unified manner. In § 8, we sketch the relationship between the two concepts. Chapter I is so arranged that the reader who is primarily interested in Riemannian, complex, conformal and projective structures can skip §§ 5, 6, 7 and 8. This chapter is partly based on lec tures I gave in Tokyo and Berkeley in 1965.

Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos


Author: Stephen Wiggins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475740670
Category: Mathematics
Page: 672
View: 4383
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This volume is an introduction to applied nonlinear dynamics and chaos. The emphasis is on teaching the techniques and ideas that will enable students to take specific dynamical systems and obtain some quantitative information about their behavior. The new edition has been updated and extended throughout, and contains an extensive bibliography and a detailed glossary of terms.

Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, Volume 1


Author: William P. Thurston
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400865328
Category: Mathematics
Page: 328
View: 5151
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This book develops some of the extraordinary richness, beauty, and power of geometry in two and three dimensions, and the strong connection of geometry with topology. Hyperbolic geometry is the star. A strong effort has been made to convey not just denatured formal reasoning (definitions, theorems, and proofs), but a living feeling for the subject. There are many figures, examples, and exercises of varying difficulty. This book was the origin of a grand scheme developed by Thurston that is now coming to fruition. In the 1920s and 1930s the mathematics of two-dimensional spaces was formalized. It was Thurston's goal to do the same for three-dimensional spaces. To do this, he had to establish the strong connection of geometry to topology--the study of qualitative questions about geometrical structures. The author created a new set of concepts, and the expression "Thurston-type geometry" has become a commonplace. Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology had its origins in the form of notes for a graduate course the author taught at Princeton University between 1978 and 1980. Thurston shared his notes, duplicating and sending them to whoever requested them. Eventually, the mailing list grew to more than one thousand names. The book is the culmination of two decades of research and has become the most important and influential text in the field. Its content also provided the methods needed to solve one of mathematics' oldest unsolved problems--the Poincaré Conjecture. In 2005 Thurston won the first AMS Book Prize, for Three-dimensional Geometry and Topology. The prize recognizes an outstanding research book that makes a seminal contribution to the research literature. Thurston received the Fields Medal, the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize, in 1982 for the depth and originality of his contributions to mathematics. In 1979 he was awarded the Alan T. Waterman Award, which recognizes an outstanding young researcher in any field of science or engineering supported by the National Science Foundation.

Differential and Riemannian Manifolds


Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461241820
Category: Mathematics
Page: 364
View: 9889
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This is the third version of a book on differential manifolds. The first version appeared in 1962, and was written at the very beginning of a period of great expansion of the subject. At the time, I found no satisfactory book for the foundations of the subject, for multiple reasons. I expanded the book in 1971, and I expand it still further today. Specifically, I have added three chapters on Riemannian and pseudo Riemannian geometry, that is, covariant derivatives, curvature, and some applications up to the Hopf-Rinow and Hadamard-Cartan theorems, as well as some calculus of variations and applications to volume forms. I have rewritten the sections on sprays, and I have given more examples of the use of Stokes' theorem. I have also given many more references to the literature, all of this to broaden the perspective of the book, which I hope can be used among things for a general course leading into many directions. The present book still meets the old needs, but fulfills new ones. At the most basic level, the book gives an introduction to the basic concepts which are used in differential topology, differential geometry, and differential equations. In differential topology, one studies for instance homotopy classes of maps and the possibility of finding suitable differentiable maps in them (immersions, embeddings, isomorphisms, etc.).

Hyperbolic Manifolds and Holomorphic Mappings

An Introduction Second Edition
Author: Shoshichi Kobayashi
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813101938
Category: Mathematics
Page: 160
View: 3415
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The first edition of this influential book, published in 1970, opened up a completely new field of invariant metrics and hyperbolic manifolds. The large number of papers on the topics covered by the book written since its appearance led Mathematical Reviews to create two new subsections “invariant metrics and pseudo-distances” and “hyperbolic complex manifolds” within the section “holomorphic mappings”. The invariant distance introduced in the first edition is now called the “Kobayashi distance”, and the hyperbolicity in the sense of this book is called the “Kobayashi hyperbolicity” to distinguish it from other hyperbolicities. This book continues to serve as the best introduction to hyperbolic complex analysis and geometry and is easily accessible to students since very little is assumed. The new edition adds comments on the most recent developments in the field.

Foundations of Differential Geometry, 2 Volume Set


Author: Shoshichi Kobayashi,Katsumi Nomizu
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470555583
Category: Mathematics
Page: 832
View: 3566
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This set features: Foundations of Differential Geometry, Volume 1 (978-0-471-15733-5) and Foundations of Differential Geometry, Volume 2 (978-0-471-15732-8), both by Shoshichi Kobayashi and Katsumi Nomizu This two-volume introduction to differential geometry, part of Wiley's popular Classics Library, lays the foundation for understanding an area of study that has become vital to contemporary mathematics. It is completely self-contained and will serve as a reference as well as a teaching guide. Volume 1 presents a systematic introduction to the field from a brief survey of differentiable manifolds, Lie groups and fibre bundles to the extension of local transformations and Riemannian connections. Volume 2 continues with the study of variational problems on geodesics through differential geometric aspects of characteristic classes. Both volumes familiarize readers with basic computational techniques.