Foundations of Modern International Thought


Author: David Armitage
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521807077
Category: History
Page: 300
View: 982
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This insightful and wide-ranging volume traces the genesis of international intellectual thought, connecting international and global history with intellectual history.

Medieval Foundations of International Relations


Author: William Bain
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317635493
Category: Political Science
Page: 196
View: 9263
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The purpose of this volume is to explore the medieval inheritance of modern international relations. Recent years have seen a flourishing of work on the history of international political thought, but the bulk of this has focused on the early modern and modern periods, leaving continuities with the medieval world largely ignored. The medieval is often used as a synonym for the barbaric and obsolete, yet this picture does not match that found in relevant work in the history of political thought. The book thus offers a chance to correct this misconception of the evolution of Western international thought, highlighting that the history of international thought should be regarded as an important dimension of thinking about the international and one that should not be consigned to history departments. Questions addressed include: what is the medieval influence on modern conception of rights, law, and community? how have medieval ideas shaped modern conceptions of self-determination, consent, and legitimacy? are there ‘medieval’ answers to ‘modern’ questions? is the modern world still working its way through the Middle Ages? to what extent is the ‘modern outlook’ genuinely secular? is there a ‘theology’ of international relations? what are the implications of continuity for predominant historical narrative of the emergence and expansion of international society? Medieval and modern are certainly different; however, this collection of essays proceeds from the conviction that the modern world was not built on a new plot with new building materials. Instead, it was constructed out of the rubble, that is, the raw materials, of the Middle Ages.This will be of great interest to students and scholars of IR, IR theory and political theory. .

Rethinking The Foundations of Modern Political Thought


Author: Annabel Brett,James Tully
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113945997X
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 6127
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Quentin Skinner's classic study The Foundations of Modern Political Thought was first published by Cambridge in 1978. This was the first of a series of outstanding publications that have changed forever the way the history of political thought is taught and practised. Rethinking the Foundations of Modern Political Thought looks afresh at the impact of the original work, asks why it still matters, and considers a number of significant agendas that it still inspires. A very distinguished international team of contributors has been assembled, including John Pocock, Richard Tuck and David Armitage, and the result is an unusually powerful and cohesive contribution to the history of ideas, of interest to large numbers of students of early modern history and political thought. In conclusion, Skinner replies to each chapter and presents his own thoughts on the latest trends and the future direction of the history of political thought.

Thomas Hobbes

Eine Einführung
Author: Herfried Münkler
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593419610
Category: Political Science
Page: 172
View: 4902
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Thomas Hobbes, dessen Denken von den europäischen Konfessions- und Bürgerkriegen des 17. Jahrhunderts geprägt war, steht für einen Paradigmenwechsel innerhalb der politischen Philosophie. Diese ging seit Platon und Aristoteles von der Opposition zwischen gerechtem und ungerechtem Gemeinwesen aus. Hobbes jedoch "erfand" für sein Zeitalter eine neue Opposition: die von Herrschaftslosigkeit und Herrschaft. Chaos und Krieg sollten durch die Einsetzung eines absoluten Souveräns gebannt werden. Damit war Hobbes Wegbereiter einer neuen Regierungsform. Herfried Münklers bekannte Einführung in die Philosophie von Thomas Hobbes liegt nun in einer aktualisierten Neuauflage vor.

The Postcolonial Enlightenment

Eighteenth-Century Colonialism and Postcolonial Theory
Author: Daniel Carey,Lynn Festa
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191551864
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 392
View: 9474
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Over the last thirty years, postcolonial critiques of European imperial practices have transformed our understanding of colonial ideology, resistance, and cultural contact. The Enlightenment has played a complex but often unacknowledged role in this discussion, alternately reviled and venerated as the harbinger of colonial dominion and avatar of liberation, as target and shield, as shadow and light. This volume brings together two arenas - eighteenth-century studies and postcolonial theory - in order to interrogate the role and reputation of Enlightenment in the context of early European colonial ambitions and postcolonial interrogations of Western imperial aspirations. With essays by leading scholars in the field, Postcolonial Enlightenment address issues central not only to literature and philosophy but also to natural history, religion, law, and the emerging sciences of man. The contributors situate a range of writers - from Hobbes and Herder, Behn and Burke, to Defoe and Diderot - in relation both to eighteenth-century colonial practices and to key concepts within current postcolonial theory concerning race, globalization, human rights, sovereignty, and national and personal identity. By enlarging the temporal and geographic framework through which we read, the essays in this volume open up alternate genealogies for categories, events and ideas central to the emergence of global modernity.

Die Verwandlung der Welt

Eine Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406615015
Category: History
Page: 1568
View: 7936
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Mit dem 19. Jahrhundert beginnt die Vorgeschichte der Gegenwart. Es war das Zeitalter der großen politischen Ideologien und der Verwissenschaftlichung des Daseins, der Eisenbahn und der Industrie, der Massenemigration zwischen den Kontinenten und der ersten Welle wirtschaftlicher und kommunikativer Globalisierung, des Nationalismus und der imperialen Expansion Europas in alle Teile der Erde. Zugleich ist das 19. Jahrhundert aus heutiger Sicht fern und fremd geworden: eine faszinierende Welt von gestern. Dieses Buch porträtiert und analysiert die Epoche in weltgeschichtlicher Sicht: als eine Zeit dramatischer Umbrüche in Europa, Asien, Afrika und Amerika und als eine Ära entstehender Globalität. Jürgen Osterhammel erzählt kundig und facettenreich die Geschichte einer Welt im Umbruch. Aus einer Fülle an Material und einer Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Blickwinkel entsteht das Porträt einer faszinierenden Epoche. Osterhammel fragt nach Strukturen und Mustern, markiert Zäsuren und Kontinuitäten, Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede. Seine kulturübergreifenden, thematisch aufgefächerten Darstellungen und Analysen verbinden sich dabei zu einem kühnen Geschichtspanorama, das nicht nur traditionelle eurozentrische Ansätze weit hinter sich lässt, sondern auch erheblich mehr bietet als die gängigen historiographischen Paradigmen wie Industrialisierung oder Kolonialismus. Die Herausbildung unterschiedlicher Wissensgesellschaften, das Verhältnis Mensch- Natur oder der Umgang mit Krankheit und Andersartigkeit kommen darin ebenso zur Sprache wie Besonderheiten der Urbanisierung, verschiedene Formen von Bürgerlichkeit oder die Gegensätze von Migration und Sesshaftigkeit, Anpassung und Revolte, Säkularisierung und Religiosität. Zugleich stellt Osterhammel immer wieder Bezüge zur Gegenwart her. Auf der Höhe der Forschung, engagiert geschrieben und zugleich wohltuend unideologisch, ist sein Werk nicht nur ein Handbuch für jeden Historiker. Seine plastischen Schilderungen ziehen auch den interessierten Laien in den Bann eines Jahrhunderts, dessen Bedeutung in dieser welthistorisch angelegten Epochengeschichte ganz neu ausgelotet wird.

Bürgerkrieg

Vom Wesen innerstaatlicher Konflikte
Author: David Armitage
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608110968
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 5569
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Bürgerkriege sind die Kriege unserer Zeit. Das neue Standardwerk über innerstaatliche Konflikte »Diese lang erwartete Studie über den Bürgerkrieg ist eine Ideengeschichte, die den Kampf um den Begriff mit den realen Kämpfen verwebt, vom alten Rom über die großen Bürgerkriege der Neuzeit bis hin zum zerrütteten Syrien heute.« Johan Schloemann, Süddeutsche Zeitung Vom Balkan über Afghanistan, den Irak oder Südsudan bis hin zu den aktuellen Ereignissen in Syrien und der Ukraine: Der Bürgerkrieg ist zur vorherrschenden Form politischer Gewalt in unserer modernen Welt geworden. Was genau meinen wir aber, wenn wir von Bürgerkrieg sprechen? Und wer entscheidet darüber, wann eine Auseinandersetzung zum Bürgerkrieg wird? Innerstaatliche Konflikte, asymmetrische Kriegsführung, Rebellion und Revolution bezeichnen gewaltsame Ausbrüche im Inneren eines Landes – doch die begrifflichen und faktischen Grenzen verschwimmen. Armitage zeigt anhand historischer Beispiele auf, dass der Bürgerkrieg in unserer Gegenwart seine Blütezeit erfährt. Seine einzigartige Perspektive auf die Ursprünge und spezifischen Dynamiken des Phänomens verdeutlicht, dass allein die Benennung eines innerstaatlichen Konflikts als Bürgerkrieg dessen Ausgang beeinflussen kann.

Architects of World History

Researching the Global Past
Author: Kenneth R. Curtis,Jerry H. Bentley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118294831
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 9022
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Architects of World History presents an innovativecollection of original essays by leading scholars associated withWorld History, exploring through intellectual autobiography theideas, challenges, and inspirations that are shaping the field Features original, accessible contributions from pioneeringscholars in the field Offers insights into the process of developing a workable worldhistory research topic and the experience of professional life as aworld historian. Points to methodological challenges; the scholar’scurrent research agenda in relation to the development of worldhistory; and future directions anticipated for key areas withinworld history

Demokratische Gesetzgebung in der Europäischen Union

Theorie und Praxis der dualen Legitimationsstruktur europäischer Hoheitsgewalt
Author: Jelena von Achenbach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364223917X
Category: Law
Page: 522
View: 586
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Das Mitentscheidungsverfahren (Art. 294 AEUV) ist seit dem Vertrag von Lissabon das ordentliche Gesetzgebungsverfahren der Europäischen Union. Mit der Monographie wird die Co-Gesetzgeberschaft von Europäischem Parlament und Rat als Mittel der demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Gesetzgebung untersucht. Im Zentrum steht dabei eine demokratietheoretische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Modell der dualen demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Hoheitsgewalt, das mit Art. 10 EUV nunmehr im Demokratieprinzip der Union verankert ist. Daneben steht eine empirisch gestützte Untersuchung der Praxis des Mitentscheidungsverfahrens, die sich insbesondere der zunehmenden Informalisierung des Gesetzgebungsprozesses („Triloge“) kritisch widmet.

Die Verfassung Des Deutschen Reiches;


Author: Heinrich Dove,Samuel Pufendorf
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780274671472
Category:
Page: 146
View: 4496
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

The Law of Nations in Global History


Author: C. H. Alexandrowicz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198766076
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 9863
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The history and theory of international law have been transformed in recent years by post-colonial and post-imperial critiques of the universalistic claims of Western international law. The origins of those critiques lie in the often overlooked work of the remarkable Polish-British lawyer-historian C. H. Alexandrowicz (1902-75). This volume collects Alexandrowicz's shorter historical writings, on subjects from the law of nations in pre-colonial India to the New International Economic Order of the 1970s, and presents them as a challenging portrait of early modern and modern world history seen through the lens of the law of nations. The book includes the first complete bibliography of Alexandrowicz's writings and the first biographical and critical introduction to his life and works. It reveals the formative influence of his Polish roots and early work on canon law for his later scholarship undertaken in Madras (1951-61) and Sydney (1961-67) and the development of his thought regarding sovereignty, statehood, self-determination, and legal personality, among many other topics still of urgent interest to international lawyers, political theorists, and global historians.

The History Manifesto


Author: Jo Guldi,David Armitage
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316165256
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 4137
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How should historians speak truth to power – and why does it matter? Why is five hundred years better than five months or five years as a planning horizon? And why is history – especially long-term history – so essential to understanding the multiple pasts which gave rise to our conflicted present? The History Manifesto is a call to arms to historians and everyone interested in the role of history in contemporary society. Leading historians Jo Guldi and David Armitage identify a recent shift back to longer-term narratives, following many decades of increasing specialisation, which they argue is vital for the future of historical scholarship and how it is communicated. This provocative and thoughtful book makes an important intervention in the debate about the role of history and the humanities in a digital age. It will provoke discussion among policymakers, activists and entrepreneurs as well as ordinary listeners, viewers, readers, students and teachers. This title is also available as Open Access.

Geopolitics: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Klaus Dodds
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191664472
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 5730
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Geopolitics is a way of looking at the world: one that considers the links between political power, geography, and cultural diversity. In certain places such as Iraq, Lebanon, or Israel, moving a few feet either side of a territorial boundary can be a matter of life or death, dramatically highlighting the connections between place and politics. Even far away from these 'danger zones' - in Europe or the US for example - geopolitics remains an important part of everyday life. For a country's location and size as well as its sovereignty and resources all affect how the people that live there understand and interact with the wider world. In this new edition Klaus Dodds takes into account several world developments that have occured since original publication, including the Arab Spring, the worldwide economic crisis, and the developing role of China in international politics. Using wide-ranging examples, from historical maps to James Bond films and the rhetoric of political leaders both past and present, this Very Short Introduction shows why, for a full understanding of contemporary global politics, it is not just smart - it is essential - to be geopolitical. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Oceanic Histories


Author: David Armitage,Alison Bashford,Sujit Sivasundaram
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110850244X
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 3191
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Oceanic Histories is the first comprehensive account of world history focused not on the land but viewed through the 70% of the Earth's surface covered by water. Leading historians trace the history of the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans and seas, from the Arctic and the Baltic to the South China Sea and the Sea of Japan/Korea's East Sea, over the longue durée. Individual chapters trace the histories and the historiographies of the various oceanic regions, with special attention given to the histories of circulation and particularity, the links between human and non-human history and the connections and comparisons between parts of the World Ocean. Showcasing oceanic history as a field with a long past and a vibrant future, these authoritative surveys, original arguments and guides to research make this volume an indispensable resource for students and scholars alike.

Pacific Histories

Ocean, Land, People
Author: David Armitage,Alison Bashford
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 113700164X
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 9833
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The first comprehensive account to place the Pacific Islands, the Pacific Rim and the Pacific Ocean into the perspective of world history. A highly distinguished international team of historians provides a chronological and thematic exploration of the Pacific, its inhabitants and the lands within and around it over 50,000 years.

Radikalaufklärung


Author: Jonathan I. Israel,Martin Mulsow
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518798103
Category: Political Science
Page: 277
View: 7967
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Seit einem Jahrzehnt gibt es eine intensive Forschung zur »Radikalaufklärung« – dem atheistischen, skeptischen und materialistischen Flügel des Denkens im späten 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. Vor allem Jonathan Israel hat für die aufregende These argumentiert, dass diese radikalen Aufklärer verantwortlich sind für die Errungenschaften der Moderne, für Freiheit und Menschenrechte, Gleichheit und Toleranz, und dass der Spinozismus eine zentrale Rolle bei deren Durchsetzung gespielt hat. In diesem Band setzen sich acht führende nationale und internationale Experten mit Israels These auseinander und zeigen die Vielfalt und Deutungen der Radikalaufklärung auf. Mit Beiträgen von Silvia Berti, Wiep van Bunge, Margaret C. Jacob, Anthony McKenna u. a.

Profit and Principle

Hugo Grotius, Natural Rights Theories and the Rise of Dutch Power in the East Indies, 1595-1615
Author: Martine Julia Van Ittersum,Hugo Grotius
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9789004149793
Category: History
Page: 538
View: 5740
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An in-depth study of Hugo Grotius' involvement with the Dutch East India Company or VOC, this monograph uncovers the ideological origins of the First Dutch Empire, particularly the implications of Grotius rights theories for European merchants and their indigenous trading partners."

The Republican Legacy in International Thought


Author: Nicholas Greenwood Onuf
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521585996
Category: Political Science
Page: 284
View: 5845
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Republicanism has enjoyed a revival of scholarly interest in several fields. In this book Nicholas Onuf provides the first major treatment of the republican way of thinking about law, politics, and society in the context of international thought. The author tells two stories about republicanism, starting with Aristotle and culminating in the eighteenth century, when international thought became a distinctive enterprise. These two stories surround the thought of Vattel and Kant, and by telling them side by side the author identifies a substantial but little-acknowledged legacy of republicanism in contemporary discussions of sovereignty, intervention, international society, peace, levels of analysis, and the global economy. In identifying this legacy in contemporary thought, Nicholas Onuf develops his constructivist approach to international theory.

Litteratur des gesammten sowohl natürlichen als positiven Völkerrechts. 2


Author: Dietrich Heinrich Ludwig von Ompteda,Karl Christoph Albert Heinrich von Kamptz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 364
View: 2261
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The Foundations of Modern Political Thought: Volume 2, The Age of Reformation


Author: Quentin Skinner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139935593
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 884
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A two-volume study of political thought from the late thirteenth to the end of the sixteenth century, the decisive period of transition from medieval to modern political theory. The work is intended to be both an introduction to the period for students, and a presentation and justification of a particular approach to the interpretation of historical texts. Quentin Skinner gives an outline account of all the principal texts of the period, discussing in turn the chief political writings of Dante, Marsiglio, Bartolus, Machiavelli, Erasmus and more, Luther and Calvin, Bodin and the Calvinist revolutionaries. But he also examines a very large number of lesser writers in order to explain the general social and intellectual context in which these leading theorists worked. He thus presents the history not as a procession of 'classic texts' but are more readily intelligible. He traces by this means the gradual emergence of the vocabulary of modern political thought, and in particular the crucial concept of the State. We are given an insight into the actual processes of the formation of ideologies and into some of the linkages between political theory and practice. Professor Skinner has been awarded the Balzan Prize Life Time Achievement Award for Political Thought, History and Theory. Full details of this award can be found at http://www.balzan.it/News_eng.aspx?ID=2474