Friction

An Ethnography of Global Connection
Author: Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400830591
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 4422
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A wheel turns because of its encounter with the surface of the road; spinning in the air it goes nowhere. Rubbing two sticks together produces heat and light; one stick alone is just a stick. In both cases, it is friction that produces movement, action, effect. Challenging the widespread view that globalization invariably signifies a "clash" of cultures, anthropologist Anna Tsing here develops friction in its place as a metaphor for the diverse and conflicting social interactions that make up our contemporary world. She focuses on one particular "zone of awkward engagement"--the rainforests of Indonesia--where in the 1980s and the 1990s capitalist interests increasingly reshaped the landscape not so much through corporate design as through awkward chains of legal and illegal entrepreneurs that wrested the land from previous claimants, creating resources for distant markets. In response, environmental movements arose to defend the rainforests and the communities of people who live in them. Not confined to a village, a province, or a nation, the social drama of the Indonesian rainforest includes local and national environmentalists, international science, North American investors, advocates for Brazilian rubber tappers, UN funding agencies, mountaineers, village elders, and urban students, among others--all combining in unpredictable, messy misunderstandings, but misunderstandings that sometimes work out. Providing a portfolio of methods to study global interconnections, Tsing shows how curious and creative cultural differences are in the grip of worldly encounter, and how much is overlooked in contemporary theories of the global.

The Mushroom at the End of the World

On the Possibility of Life in Capitalist Ruins
Author: Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873541
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 1179
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Matsutake is the most valuable mushroom in the world—and a weed that grows in human-disturbed forests across the northern hemisphere. Through its ability to nurture trees, matsutake helps forests to grow in daunting places. It is also an edible delicacy in Japan, where it sometimes commands astronomical prices. In all its contradictions, matsutake offers insights into areas far beyond just mushrooms and addresses a crucial question: what manages to live in the ruins we have made? A tale of diversity within our damaged landscapes, The Mushroom at the End of the World follows one of the strangest commodity chains of our times to explore the unexpected corners of capitalism. Here, we witness the varied and peculiar worlds of matsutake commerce: the worlds of Japanese gourmets, capitalist traders, Hmong jungle fighters, industrial forests, Yi Chinese goat herders, Finnish nature guides, and more. These companions also lead us into fungal ecologies and forest histories to better understand the promise of cohabitation in a time of massive human destruction. By investigating one of the world's most sought-after fungi, The Mushroom at the End of the World presents an original examination into the relation between capitalist destruction and collaborative survival within multispecies landscapes, the prerequisite for continuing life on earth.

Israeli-Palestinian Activism

Shifting Paradigms
Author: Alexander Koensler
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472439473
Category: Social Science
Page: 206
View: 8512
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When do words and actions empower? When do they betray? Based on ethnographic fieldwork, this volume tracks the repercussions of advocacy activism against house demolitions in 'unrecognised' Arab-Bedouin villages in Israel's southern 'internal frontier'. It highlights the repercussions of activism for victims, fund-raisers and activists. The ethnographic episodes show how humanitarian aid intervention and indigenous identity politics can turn into a double-edged sword. Ironically, institutional lobbying for coexistence and its interpretative categories can sometimes perpetuate different forms of subjugation. The volume also shows how, beyond the institutional lobbying, novel figures of activism emerge: informal networks create non-sectarian, cross-cutting countercultures and rethink human-environment relationships. These experimental political subjects redefine the categories of the conflict and elude the logic of zero-sum games; they point towards a shifting paradigm in current ethnopolitics. Koensler outlines an ethnographic approach for the study of social movements that follows multiple relations around mobilisations rather than studying activism in itself. This perspective thus becomes relevant for scholars and activists engaged with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and those interested in global rights discourses.

Common Wealth

Das Ende des Eigentums
Author: Michael Hardt,Antonio Negri
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593391694
Category: Political Science
Page: 437
View: 7846
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In der momentanen Krise wächst das gesellschaftliche Unbehagen am Kapitalismus. Viele Menschen fragen jetzt nach einer menschlicheren Alternative des Zusammenlebens. Eine Gesellschaft jenseits von Maximen wie Profit, Konkurrenz und Besitzdenken - ist das möglich? Michael Hardt und Antonio Negri, Autoren des Bestsellers äEmpireä, entwickeln in ihrem neuen grossen Werk einen provozierend optimistischen Gesellschaftsentwurf. Dieser beruht nicht mehr auf dem neoliberalen Gegensatz von Privatbesitz und öffentlichem Eigentum, sondern auf der Idee des Gemeinsamen (äcommonä). Ressourcen wie Wasser, Luft und Pflanzen und immaterielle Güter wie Wissen und Information gehören uns allen. Wenn wir sie teilen, wird der Weg frei für eine gerechtere Gesellschaft, an der alle partizipieren können. Im Streit um das politische Profil des 21. Jahrhunderts bieten die Autoren ein zentrales Gegengewicht zu all jenen, die uns weismachen wollen, dass die derzeitige Politik- und Wirtschaftsform die einzig mögliche sei.

Saison in Mekka

Geschichte einer Pilgerfahrt
Author: Abdellah Hammoudi
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406557521
Category:
Page: 310
View: 1470
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Genealogy as Critique

Foucault and the Problems of Modernity
Author: Colin Koopman
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253006236
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 8375
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Viewing Foucault in the light of work by Continental and American philosophers, most notably Nietzsche, Habermas, Deleuze, Richard Rorty, Bernard Williams, and Ian Hacking, Genealogy as Critique shows that philosophical genealogy involves not only the critique of modernity but also its transformation. Colin Koopman engages genealogy as a philosophical tradition and a method for understanding the complex histories of our present social and cultural conditions. He explains how our understanding of Foucault can benefit from productive dialogue with philosophical allies to push Foucaultian genealogy a step further and elaborate a means of addressing our most intractable contemporary problems.

Childhoods at the Intersection of the Local and the Global


Author: Afua Twum-Danso Imoh,R. Ame
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137283343
Category: Social Science
Page: 207
View: 345
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Childhoods at the Intersection of the Local and the Global examines the imposition of the modern Western notion of childhood, which is now deemed as universal, on other cultures and explores how local communities react to these impositions in various ways such as manipulation, outright rejection and acceptance. The book discusses childhoods in different regions of the world and boasts a range of contributors from several academic disciplines such as Sociology, Social Work, Education, Anthropology, Criminology and Human Rights, who are experts on the regions they discuss. The book argues against the notion of a universal childhood and illustrates that different societies around the world have different notions of childhood. This book is recommended reading for students, scholars and practitioners working with children in the Global South as well as internationally.

The Land of Weddings and Rain

Nation and Modernity in Post-Socialist Lithuania
Author: Gediminas Lankauskas
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442699361
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 759
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In The Land of Weddings and Rain, Gediminas Lankauskas examines the components of the contemporary urban wedding – religious and civil ceremonies, “traditional” imagery and practices, and the conspicuous consumption of domestic and imported goods – in the context of the Western-style modernization of post-socialist Lithuania. Studying the tensions between “tradition” and “modernity” that surround this important ritual event, Lankauskas highlights the ways in which nationalism serves to negotiate the impact of modernity in the aftermath of state socialism’s collapse. His analysis also shows the importance of consumption and commodification to Lithuania’s ongoing “Westernization.” Based on more than a decade of ethnographic research, The Land of Weddings and Rain is a fascinating account of the tensions – between national and transnational, East and West, and old and new – that shape life in post-socialist Eastern Europe.

A World Connecting


Author: Emily S. Rosenberg
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674047214
Category: History
Page: 1161
View: 1189
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Between 1870 and 1945, advances in communication and transportation simultaneously expanded and shrank the world. In five interpretive essays, A World Connecting goes beyond nations, empires, and world wars to capture the era’s defining feature: the profound and disruptive shift toward an ever more rapidly integrating world.

Sterbewelten

Eine Ethnographie
Author: Martin W. Schnell,Werner Schneider,Harald Kolbe
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658034343
Category: Social Science
Page: 139
View: 9502
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Hirntoddiagnostik, Palliative Care u.a. sind kulturelle und gesellschaftliche Techniken, die das Sterben und den Tod heute bestimmen. Sterben ist daher kein rein biologischer, sondern primär ein sozialer Prozess. Die Weiterlebenden definieren, wann jemand als sterbend, als tot gilt und was mit ihm zu geschehen hat – somit steht dabei nicht nur das sterbende Individuum im Mittelpunkt, sondern interaktiv hergestellte Sterbewelten. Die Methode der Ethnographie zeigt, wie diese Sterbewelten gesellschaftlich aufgebaut werden. Entlang der vorgestellten Methodik sowie ausgewählten empirischen Beispielen zeigen die AutorInnen, dass und wie die aktuelle Institutionalisierung des Sterbens den Menschen als ein Subjekt formt, das rechtzeitig seine sogenannten letzten Dinge regeln muss, um den heutigen Vorgaben des ‚guten‘ Sterbens folgen zu können.

Codes of Finance

Engineering Derivatives in a Global Bank
Author: Vincent Antonin Lépinay
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400840465
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 7267
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The financial industry's invention of complex products such as credit default swaps and other derivatives has been widely blamed for triggering the global financial crisis of 2008. In Codes of Finance, Vincent Antonin Lépinay, a former employee of one of the world’s leading investment banks, takes readers behind the scenes of the equity derivatives business at the bank before the crisis, providing a detailed firsthand account of the creation, marketing, selling, accounting, and management of these financial instruments—and of how they ultimately created havoc inside and outside the bank.

DIY Style

Fashion, Music and Global Digital Cultures
Author: Brent Luvaas
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0857850474
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 2430
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Armed with cheap digital technologies and a fiercely independent spirit, millions of young people from around the world have taken cultural production into their own hands, crafting their own clothing lines, launching their own record labels, and forging a vast, collaborative network of impassioned amateurs more interested in making than consuming. DIY Style tells the story of this international do-it-yourself (DIY) movement through a major case study of one of its biggest, but least known contingents: the "indie" music and fashion scene of the predominantly Muslim Southeast Asian island nation of Indonesia. Through rich ethnographic detail, in-depth historical analysis, and cutting-edge social theory, the book chronicles the rise of DIY culture in Indonesia, and also explores the phenomenon in Europe and the United States, painting an evocative portrait of vibrant communities who are not only making and distributing popular culture on their own terms, but working to tear down the barriers between production and consumption, third and first world, global and local. What emerges from the book is a cautiously optimistic view of the future of global capitalism - a creative, collectivist alternative built from the ground up. This exciting and original study is essential reading for students and scholars of anthropology, fashion, media studies, cultural studies and sociology.

Plagues and Epidemics

Infected Spaces Past and Present
Author: D. Ann Herring,Alan C. Swedlund
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847887554
Category: Social Science
Page: 416
View: 4317
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Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations


Author: Savita Kumra,Ruth Simpson,Ronald J. Burke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191632759
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 752
View: 2676
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The issue of gender in organizations has attracted much attention and debate over a number of years. The focus of examination is inequality of opportunity between the genders and the impact this has on organizations, individual men and women, and society as a whole. It is undoubtedly the case that progress has been made with women participating in organizational life in greater numbers and at more senior levels than has been historically the case, challenging notions that senior and/or influential organizational and political roles remain a masculine domain. The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations is a comprehensive analysis of thinking and research on gender in organizations with original contributions from key international scholars in the field. The Handbook comprises four sections. The first looks at the theoretical roots and potential for theoretical development in respect of the topic of gender in organizations. The second section focuses on leadership and management and the gender issues arising in this field; contributors review the extensive literature and reflect on progress made as well as commenting on hurdles yet to be overcome. The third section considers the gendered nature of careers. Here the focus is on querying traditional approaches to career, surfacing embedded assumptions within traditional approaches, and assessing potential for alternative patterns to evolve, taking into account the nature of women's lives and the changing nature of organizations. In its final section the Handbook examines masculinity in organizations to assess the diversity of masculinities evident within organizations and the challenges posed to those outside the norm. In bringing together a broad range of research and thinking on gender in organizations across a number of disciplines, sub-disciplines, and conceptual perspectives, the Handbook provides a comprehensive view of both contemporary thinking and future research directions.

Humanitarianism in Question

Politics, Power, Ethics
Author: Michael Barnett,Thomas G. Weiss
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801465087
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 864
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Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.

Transcending the Culture–Nature Divide in Cultural Heritage

Views from the Asia–Pacific region
Author: Sally Brockwell,Sue O’Connor,Denis Byrne
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 1922144053
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 4440
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While considerable research and on-ground project work focuses on the interface between Indigenous/local people and nature conservation in the Asia-Pacific region, the interface between these people and cultural heritage conservation has not received the same attention. This collection brings together papers on the current mechanisms in place in the region to conserve cultural heritage values. It will provide an overview of the extent to which local communities have been engaged in assessing the significance of this heritage and conserving it. It will address the extent to which management regimes have variously allowed, facilitated or obstructed continuing cultural engagement with heritage places and landscapes, and discuss the problems agencies experience with protection and management of cultural heritage places.

Women and Transitional Justice

The Experience of Women as Participants
Author: Lisa Yarwood
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415699118
Category: Law
Page: 216
View: 2949
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This book discusses the evolving principle of transitional justice in public international law and international relations from the female perspective at a time when the concept is increasingly recognised by the international community as an effective framework in which to negotiate and manage a community’s post-conflict transition to peace and stability. The book adopts a gender lens with a particular focus on women’s direct experiences and perceptions either as intended beneficiaries of transitional justice (TJ), protagonists in that process or as practitioners, in order to present a unique view in relation to the development of TJ. The range of experiences and knowledge in this collection provides a fresh and unique perspective through its blend of theory and practice. This book will be of particular interest to students and scholars of law, political science and gender studies.

Neoliberalism and Global Theatres

Performance Permutations
Author: L. Nielsen,P. Ybarra
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137035609
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 316
View: 8061
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How do theatre and performance transmit and dispute ideologies of neoliberalism? The essays in this anthology examine the mechanisms and rhetorics of contemporary multinational and transnational organizations, artists, and communities that produce theatre and performance for global audiences.

Globalization

A Basic Text
Author: George Ritzer,Paul Dean
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118687132
Category: Political Science
Page: 552
View: 9048
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Updated to reflect recent global developments, the second edition of Globalization: A Basic Text presents an up-to-date introduction to major trends and topics relating to globalization studies. Features updates and revisions in its accessible introduction to key theories and major topics in globalization Includes an enhanced emphasis on issues relating to global governance, emerging technology, global flows of people, human trafficking, global justice movements, and global environmental sustainability Utilizes a unique set of metaphors to introduce and explain the highly complex nature of globalization in an engaging and understandable manner Offers an interdisciplinary approach to globalization by drawing from fields that include sociology, global political economy, political science, international relations, geography, and anthropology Written by an internationally recognized and experienced author team