GIS and Public Health


Author: Ellen K. Cromley,Sara McLafferty
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1609187504
Category: Science
Page: 503
View: 6991
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Authoritative and comprehensive, this is the leading text and professional resource on using geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze and address public health problems. Basic GIS concepts and tools are explained, including ways to access and manage spatial databases. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for mapping and analyzing data on population, health events, risk factors, and health services, and for incorporating geographical knowledge into planning and policy. Numerous maps, diagrams, and real-world applications are featured. The companion Web page provides lab exercises with data that can be downloaded for individual or course use. New to This Edition *Incorporates major technological advances, such as Internet-based mapping systems and the rise of data from cell phones and other GPS-enabled devices. *Chapter on health disparities. *Expanded coverage of public participation GIS. *Companion Web page has all-new content. *Goes beyond the United States to encompass an international focus.

GIS Tutorial for Health


Author: Kristen Seamens Kurland,Wilpen L. Gorr
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 1589481798
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 3663
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Designed to benefit health management students and practitioners, this illustrated tutorial is an introduction to help students investigate patterns of uninsured and poor populations, prepare spatial data to analyze environmental hazards, analyze youth pedestrian injuries, and more. This edition is updated for ArcGIS 9.2.

Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology


Author: Dirk Pfeiffer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019850988X
Category: Computers
Page: 142
View: 8984
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Providing a practical, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology, this book examines spatial analytical methods in conjunction with GIS and remotely sensed data to provide insights into the patterns and processes that underlie disease transmission.

Spatial Health Inequalities

Adapting GIS Tools and Data Analysis
Author: Esra Ozdenerol
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498701515
Category: Medical
Page: 173
View: 9695
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The neighborhoods and the biophysical, political, and cultural environments all play a key role in affecting health outcomes of individuals. Unequal spatial distribution of resources such as clinics, hospitals, public transportation, fresh food markets, and schools could make some communities as a whole more vulnerable and less resilient to adverse health effects. This somber reality suggests that it is rather the question of "who you are depends upon where you are" and the fact that health inequality is both a people and a place concern. That is why health inequality needs to be investigated in a spatial setting to deepen our understanding of why and how some geographical areas experience poorer health than others. This book introduces how spatial context shapes health inequalities. Spatial Health Inequalities: Adapting GIS Tools and Data Analysis demonstrates the spatial health inequalities in six most important topics in environmental and public health, including food insecurity, birth health outcomes, infectious diseases, children’s lead poisoning, chronic diseases, and health care access. These are the topics that the author has done extensive research on and provides a detailed description of the topic from a global perspective. Each chapter identifies relevant data and data sources, discusses key literature on appropriate techniques, and then illustrates with real data with mapping and GIS techniques. This is a unique book for students, geographers, clinicians, health and research professionals and community members interested in applying GIS and spatial analysis to the study of health inequalities.

Principles of Geographical Information Systems


Author: Peter A. Burrough,Rachael McDonnell,Rachael A. McDonnell,Christopher D. Lloyd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198742843
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 432
View: 7828
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Geographical data are used in so many aspects of our lives today, from disaster relief operations to finding directions on our cellphones. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are the software tools that turn raw data into useful information that can help us understand our world better.Principles of Geographical Information Systems presents a strong theoretical basis for GIS-often lacking in other texts-and an account of its practice. Through real-world examples, this text clearly explains the importance of spatial data and the information systems based upon them in solving arange of practical problems.

Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS, Second Edition


Author: Fahui Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466584734
Category: Mathematics
Page: 333
View: 7241
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The second edition of a bestseller, Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS (previously titled Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS) details applications of quantitative methods in social science, planning, and public policy with a focus on spatial perspectives. The book integrates GIS and quantitative (computational) methods and demonstrates them in various policy-relevant socio-economic applications with step-by-step instructions and datasets. The book demonstrates the diversity of issues where GIS can be used to enhance the studies related to socio-economic issues and public policy. See What’s New in the Second Edition: All project instructions are in ArcGIS 10.2 using geodatabase datasets New chapters on regionalization methods and Monte Carlo simulation Popular tasks automated as a convenient toolkit: Huff Model, 2SFCA accessibility measure, regionalization, Garin-Lowry model, and Monte Carlo based spatial simulation Advanced tasks now implemented in user-friendly programs or ArcGIS: centrality indices, wasteful commuting measure, p-median problem, and traffic simulation Each chapter has one subject theme and introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme. While each method is illustrated in a special case of application, it can also be used to analyze different issues. For example, spatial regression is used to examine the relationship between job access and homicide patterns; systems of linear equations are analyzed to predict urban land use patterns; linear programming is introduced to solve the problem of wasteful commuting and allocate healthcare facilities; and Monte Carlo technique is illustrated in simulating urban traffic. The book illustrates the range of computational methods and covers common tasks and major issues encountered in a spatial environment. It provides a platform for learning technical skills and quantitative methods in the context of addressing real-world problems, giving you instant access to the tools to resolve major socio-economic issues.

Regional and Urban GIS

A Decision Support Approach
Author: Timothy L. Nyerges,Piotr Jankowski
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 160623336X
Category: Social Science
Page: 299
View: 9057
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This unique text shows students and professionals how geographic information systems (GIS) can guide decision making about complex community and environmental problems. The authors’ step-by-step introduction to GIS-based decision analysis methods and techniques covers important urban and regional issues (land, transportation, and water resource management) and decision processes (planning, improvement programming, and implementation). Real-world case studies demonstrate how GIS-based decision support works in a variety of contexts, with a special focus on community and regional sustainability management. Ideal for course use, the book reinforces key concepts with end-of-chapter review questions; illustrations include 18 color plates.

Internet GIS

Distributed Geographic Information Services for the Internet and Wireless Networks
Author: Zhong-Ren Peng,Ming-Hsiang Tsou
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471359234
Category: Science
Page: 679
View: 881
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This book presents Internet GIS in an applied and practical manner, including an introduction to basic network architecture and application development. Information is also provided on metadata, recent open standard initiatives, and ways of assuring a current system will be compatible with future designs.

Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R


Author: Roger S. Bivand,Edzer Pebesma,Virgilio Gómez-Rubio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461476186
Category: Medical
Page: 405
View: 2864
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Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, second edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to access and visualise spatial data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second part showcases more specialised kinds of spatial data analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges from standard techniques to new developments, and the examples used are largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additional data sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edition covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that have appeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to handle, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who are interested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatial data, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. The book has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-book.org. The authors have taken part in writing and maintaining software for spatial data handling and analysis with R in concert since 2003.

GIS

A Visual Approach
Author: Bruce Ellsworth Davis
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780766827646
Category: Science
Page: 438
View: 3142
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This fully updated edition of Geographic Information Systems: A Visual Approach offers a comprehensive introduction to the application of GIS concepts. The unique layout provides clear, highly intuitive graphics and corresponding concept descriptions. This invaluable reference is ideal for experienced professionals as well as new readers.

Online GIS and Spatial Metadata, Second Edition


Author: Terry Bossomaier,Brian A. Hope
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482220164
Category: Computers
Page: 414
View: 1441
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Implement Your Own Applications Using Online GIS An in-depth study detailing the online applications of geographic information systems (GIS), Online GIS and Spatial Metadata, Second Edition outlines how GIS data are published, organized, accessed, searched, maintained, purchased, and processed over the web. This latest work describes how the internet has become a platform for the delivery and integration of geographic information. It highlights the growth that has taken place since the first edition and includes new chapters on popular XML formats used in online GIS, SDI Metadata Portals, Mobile GIS and Location-Based services. It also updates metadata standards and explains how metadata links it all together. Designed To Help Non-Technical Readers Understand Technical Issues The book provides a brief overview of the basic technology of online GIS before introducing the technical methods used to develop and implement GIS on the web. It includes an introduction to the protocols and standards now in use online and provides technical background and real-world examples of scripts, markup, and other elements that make this technology work. Expanding on the previous edition, the book offers a global perspective of online GIS, contains links and references to online resources, and includes future directions, applications, and trends. Reviewing major advances that have occurred over the past decade, this seminal work: Discusses the detail of four XML-based standards now in common use for Online GIS and spatial metadata Outlines the nature of Information Networks, systems in which information is distributed across many different sites Examines the conceptual framework of metadata, by studying the RDF and similar standards for the Web Describes several metadata standards in use around the world for spatial metadata Provides current examples of SDI metadata portals, catalogues, and clearinghouses Looks at ways in which distributed information can be built into data warehouses, and introduces basic ideas in data mining

Perspectives on Health and Human Rights


Author: Sofia Gruskin
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415948067
Category: Political Science
Page: 649
View: 9642
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This anthology of articles collected by a cast of award-winning scholars in the field of public health illustrates that promoting and protecting human rights is fundamental to promoting and protecting health. New issues covered in this volume include: emerging technologies; family and health; responding to violence; and methods and strategies.

Spatial Data Analysis

Theory and Practice
Author: Robert P. Haining
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521774376
Category: Nature
Page: 432
View: 8665
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This book, first published in 2003, is a comprehensive overview of the theory and practice of spatial data analysis for students and researchers.

Geographies of Health

An Introduction
Author: Anthony C. Gatrell,Susan J. Elliott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118274857
Category: Science
Page: 424
View: 5932
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Setting out the debates and reviewing the evidence that links health outcomes with social and physical environments, this new edition of the well-established text offers an accessible overview of the theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and research in the field of health geography Includes international examples, drawn from a broad range of countries, and extensive illustrations Unique in its approach to health geography, as opposed to medical geography New chapters focus on contemporary concerns including neighborhoods and health, ageing, and emerging infectious disease Offers five new case studies and an fresh emphasis on qualitative research approaches Written by two of the leading health geographers in the world, each with extensive experience in research and policy

GIS, Environmental Modeling and Engineering, Second Edition


Author: Allan Brimicombe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439808726
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 378
View: 6290
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Spatial dimensions need to be properly captured if modeling and engineering techniques are to be successfully applied in addressing environmental problems. The links between the geographical information systems (GIS) that capture this data, simulation modeling, and engineering offer tremendous possibilities for building versatile support systems for managing the environment. GIS, Environmental Modeling and Engineering focuses on using GIS and external models to solve real environmental problems, promoting the critical thinking needed for the effective applications of these systems and their analytical outputs. Divided into three major sections, this textbook first concentrates on defining GIS, identifying how data is structured, and explaining common functionality. The text examines GIS from a technological perspective, exploring the evolution of its scientific basis and its synergies with other technologies within a geocomputational paradigm. The next section explores modeling from a neutral scientific perspective in its role of simulating phenomena, as well as from a more specific perspective in its role within environmental science and engineering. The third and largest section looks at how GIS and simulation modeling are joined. It provides case studies and covers issues such as interoperability, data quality, model validity, space-time dynamics, and decision-support systems. This volume provides seniors and postgraduate students with a structured, coherent text that goes beyond introductory subject matter by enabling readers to think critically about the data acquisition process and the results they get from the technology.

Cartographies of Disease

Maps, Mapping, and Medicine
Author: Tom Koch
Publisher: Esri Press
ISBN: 9781589484672
Category: Medical
Page: 412
View: 3323
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Cartographies of Disease: Maps, Mapping, and Medicine, new expanded edition, is a comprehensive survey of the technology of mapping and its relationship to the battle against disease. This look at medical mapping advances the argument that maps are not merely representations of spatial realities but a way of thinking about relationships between viral and bacterial communities, human hosts, and the environments in which diseases flourish. Cartographies of Disease traces the history of medical mapping from its growth in the 19th century during an era of trade and immigration to its renaissance in the 1990s during a new era of globalization. Referencing maps older than John Snow's famous cholera maps of London in the mid-19th century, this survey pulls from the plague maps of the 1600s, while addressing current issues concerning the ability of GIS technology to track diseases worldwide. The original chapters have some minor updating and two new chapters have been added. Chapter 13 attempts to understand how the hundreds of maps of Ebola revealed not simply disease incidence but the way in which the epidemic itself was perceived. Chapter 14, is about the spatiality of the disease and the means by which different cartographic approaches may affect the means by which infectious outbreaks like Ebola can be confronted and contained.

GIS Tutorial for Crime Analysis


Author: Wilpen L. Gorr,Kristen Seamens Kurland,Zan M. Dodson
Publisher: ESRI Press
ISBN: 9781589485167
Category: Law
Page: 270
View: 4522
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GIS Tutorial for Crime Analysis, second edition presents state-of-the-art crime mapping and analysis methods that can be incorporated into any police department's current practices.

GIS: A Short Introduction


Author: Nadine Schuurman
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISBN: 9780631235330
Category: Science
Page: 169
View: 8934
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This guide takes a critical look at the theory and practices that together comprise GIS. It outlines the value--both intellectual and technical--of GIS for human geographers, recognizing the positive effects GIS has had but also pointing out its limitations. (Midwest).

Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Second Edition


Author: Harvey J. Miller,Jiawei Han
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420073980
Category: Computers
Page: 486
View: 3351
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The Definitive Volume on Cutting-Edge Exploratory Analysis of Massive Spatial and Spatiotemporal Databases Since the publication of the first edition of Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, new techniques for geographic data warehousing (GDW), spatial data mining, and geovisualization (GVis) have been developed. In addition, there has been a rise in the use of knowledge discovery techniques due to the increasing collection and storage of data on spatiotemporal processes and mobile objects. Incorporating these novel developments, this second edition reflects the current state of the art in the field. New to the Second Edition Updated material on geographic knowledge discovery (GKD), GDW research, map cubes, spatial dependency, spatial clustering methods, clustering techniques for trajectory data, the INGENS 2.0 software, and GVis techniques New chapter on data quality issues in GKD New chapter that presents a tree-based partition querying methodology for medoid computation in large spatial databases New chapter that discusses the use of geographically weighted regression as an exploratory technique New chapter that gives an integrated approach to multivariate analysis and geovisualization Five new chapters on knowledge discovery from spatiotemporal and mobile objects databases Geographic data mining and knowledge discovery is a promising young discipline with many challenging research problems. This book shows that this area represents an important direction in the development of a new generation of spatial analysis tools for data-rich environments. Exploring various problems and possible solutions, it will motivate researchers to develop new methods and applications in this emerging field.

Introduction to Health Research Methods


Author: Kathryn H. Jacobsen
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1284094383
Category: Medical
Page: 376
View: 1821
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A step-by-step guide to conducting research in medicine, public health, and other health sciences, this clear, practical, and straightforward text demystifies the research process and empowers students (and other new investigators) to conduct their own original research projects.