GIS and Public Health


Author: Ellen K. Cromley,Sara McLafferty
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1609187504
Category: Science
Page: 503
View: 2530
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Authoritative and comprehensive, this is the leading text and professional resource on using geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze and address public health problems. Basic GIS concepts and tools are explained, including ways to access and manage spatial databases. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for mapping and analyzing data on population, health events, risk factors, and health services, and for incorporating geographical knowledge into planning and policy. Numerous maps, diagrams, and real-world applications are featured. The companion Web page provides lab exercises with data that can be downloaded for individual or course use. New to This Edition *Incorporates major technological advances, such as Internet-based mapping systems and the rise of data from cell phones and other GPS-enabled devices. *Chapter on health disparities. *Expanded coverage of public participation GIS. *Companion Web page has all-new content. *Goes beyond the United States to encompass an international focus.

GIS and Public Health, Second Edition


Author: Ellen K. Cromley,Sara L. McLafferty
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1609187512
Category: Social Science
Page: 503
View: 8081
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Authoritative and comprehensive, this is the leading text and professional resource on using geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze and address public health problems. Basic GIS concepts and tools are explained, including ways to access and manage spatial databases. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for mapping and analyzing data on population, health events, risk factors, and health services, and for incorporating geographical knowledge into planning and policy. Numerous maps, diagrams, and real-world applications are featured. The companion Web page provides lab exercises with data that can be downloaded for individual or course use. New to This Edition*Incorporates major technological advances, such as Internet-based mapping systems and the rise of data from cell phones and other GPS-enabled devices.*Chapter on health disparities.*Expanded coverage of public participation GIS.*Companion Web page has all-new content.*Goes beyond the United States to encompass an international focus.

GIS in Public Health Practice


Author: Massimo Craglia,Ravi Maheswaran
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203720349
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 3683
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Significant advances in the evaluation and use of geographic information have had a major effect on key elements of public health. Strides in mapping technology as well as the availability and accuracy of health information enable public health practitioners to link and analyze data in new ways at international, regional, and even street levels. This geographical perspective generates new approaches in the study of communicable disease control, environmental health protection, health needs assessment, planning and policy, operational public health management, and many other areas. GIS in Public Health Practice includes contributions from the leading researchers in the field who participated in the First European Conference on Geographic Information Sciences and Public Health. This event promoted the use of GIS within the realm of public health. Specifically selected and expanded contributions illustrate particular areas of application and address issues of major importance. Many of the chapters have a UK or European focus, but examine issues, principles, and methods that are relevant worldwide. GIS in Public Health Practice is the first book to treat GIS as more than a mere technology. It recognizes GIS as a science that encompasses the development and application of scientific methods toward solving societal problems, an emerging facet of public health research and practice. This compilation is beneficial to all practitioners and researchers with an interest in public health.

A Primer of GIS, Second Edition

Fundamental Geographic and Cartographic Concepts
Author: Francis Harvey
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462522173
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 972
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This accessible text prepares students to understand and work with geographic information systems (GIS), offering a detailed introduction to essential theories, concepts, and skills. The book is organized in four modular parts that can be used in any sequence in entry-level and more specialized courses. Basic cartographic principles are integrated with up-to-date discussions of GIS technologies and applications. Coverage includes everything from what geographic information is to its many uses and societal implications. Practical examples and exercises invite readers to explore the choices involved in producing reliable maps and other forms of geographic information. Illustrations include 170 figures (with 15 in color). The companion website provides links to Web resources for each chapter, plus downloadable PowerPoint slides of most of the figures. New to This Edition *Chapter on online mapping and Big Data. *New and updated discussions of remote sensing, vector and raster data models, location privacy, uses of geocoding, and other timely topics. *Chapter on the many uses of GIS, such as in market analyses, emergency responding, and tracking of epidemics. *Section overviews and an end-of-book glossary. Pedagogical Features *Modules and individual chapters can be used sequentially or in any order. *End-of-chapter review questions with answers, exercises, and extended exercises for applying theories and concepts. *"In-Depth" sidebars offering a closer look at key concepts and applications. *End-of-chapter links to relevant Web resources.

Textbook of Children's Environmental Health


Author: Philip J. Landrigan,Ruth A. Etzel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199336660
Category: Medical
Page: 608
View: 3659
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Over the past four decades, the prevalence of autism, asthma, ADHD, obesity, diabetes, and birth defects have grown substantially among children around the world. Not coincidentally, more than 80,000 new chemicals have been developed and released into the global environment during this same period. Today the World Health Organization attributes 36% of all childhood deaths to environmental causes. Children's environmental health is a new and expanding discipline that studies the profound impact of chemical and environmental hazards on child health. Amid mounting evidence that children are exquisitely sensitive to their environment-and that exposure during their developmental "windows of susceptibility" can trigger cellular changes that lead to disease and disability in infancy, childhood, and across the life span-there is a compelling need for continued scientific study of the relationship between children's health and environment. The Textbook of Children's Environmental Health codifies the knowledge base and offers an authoritative and comprehensive guide to this important new field. Edited by two internationally recognized pioneers in the area, this volume presents up-to-date information on the chemical, biological, physical, and societal hazards that confront children in today's world: pesticides, indoor and outdoor air pollution, lead, arsenic, phthalates, bisphenol A, brominated flame retardants, ionizing radiation, electromagnetic fields, and the built environment. It presents carefully documented data on rising rates of disease in children, offers a critical summary of new research linking pediatric disease with environmental exposures, and explores the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic mechanisms underlying diseases of environmental origin. With this volume's emphasis upon integrating theory and practice, readers will find practical approaches to channeling scientific findings into evidence-based strategies for preventing and identifying the environmental hazards that cause disease in children. It is a landmark work that will serve as the field's benchmark for years to come.

Community-Oriented Health Services

Practices Across Disciplines
Author: Elias Mpofu, PhD, DEd, CRC
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082619818X
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 8405
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Grounded in a transdisciplinary approach, this groundbreaking text provides extensive, evidence-based information on the value of communities as the primary drivers of their own health and well-being. It describes foundational community health concepts and procedures and presents proven strategies for engaging communities as resources for their own health improvementñan important determinant of individual well-being. It is based on recommendations by the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and on the premise that healthy communities are those with populations that participate in their own health promotion, maintenance, and sustenance. The book is unique in its integration of environmental and social justice issues as they significantly affect the advancement of community health. The text focuses on community-oriented health interventions informed by prevention, inclusiveness, and timeliness that both promote better health and are more cost effective than individually focused interventions. It addresses the foundations of community-oriented health services including their history, social determinants, concepts, and policies as well as the economics of community-oriented health services and health disparities and equity. It covers procedures for designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating sustainable community health coalitions along with tools for measuring their success. Detailed case studies describe specific settings and themes in U.S. and international community health practice in which communities are both enactors and beneficiaries. An accompanying instructor's manual provides learning exercises, field-based experiential assignments, and multiple-choice questions. A valuable resource for students and practitioners of education, public policy, and social services, this book bridges the perspectives of environmental justice, public health, and community well-being and development, which, while being mutually interdependent, have rarely been considered together. KEY FEATURES: Offers a new paradigm for improving public health through community-driven health coalitions Includes evidence-based strategies for engaging communities in the pursuit of health Demonstrates how to design, implement, monitor, and evaluate community health partnerships Presents transdisciplinary approaches that consider environmental and social justice variables Includes contributions of international authors renowned in community health research and practice

Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science

A Handbook for Field Professionals
Author: Naima Bradley,Henrietta Harrison,Greg Hodgson,Robie Kamanyire,Andrew Kibble,Virginia Murray
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191505404
Category: Medical
Page: 224
View: 2616
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Environmental public health is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the direct and indirect impact of exposure to environmental hazards on the public's health and wellbeing. Assessing and addressing the risks of chemical, ionising and non-ionising radiation, and noise hazards requires a sound knowledge of toxicology, environmental epidemiology, environmental science, health risk assessment, and public health principles. Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health provides practical guidance on the technical aspects of environmental and public health investigations. Written by leaders in the field, the authors provide practical, expert advice on a range of topics from key concepts and framework for investigation to contaminated land and waste management. Case studies are used to aid learning and understand of the topics discussed. Produced by Health Protection England, Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health offers a comprehensive and structured approach to understanding environmental public health issues and will be essential reading for all students and professionals in environmental public health.

Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications


Author: Khan, Omar A.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781591400769
Category: Computers
Page: 344
View: 8267
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"This book presents a sampling of the many applications utilizing GIS in the field of health, including needs of less-developed countries in utilizing the concepts and technologies of mapping"--Provided by publisher.

Public Health Administration: Principles for Population-Based Management


Author: Director Lloyd F Novick, MD, MPH,MD MPH Cynthia B Morrow,Glen P Mays
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763762768
Category:
Page: 797
View: 930
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New Edition Available 8/15/2013 This shorter, more user-friendly edition of Public Health Administration: Principles for Population-Based Management will provide your students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles, practices, and skills essential to successful public health administration. The second edition has been thoroughly revised and includes new information on the Healthy People 2010 objectives as well as two new chapters on bioterrorism and emergency preparedness; and public health systems research. The chapter on public health law has been thoroughly revised by the nation s top public health law expert. Other updates include coverage of the most recent reports issued by the Institute of Medicine as well as analysis on the relationships between public health and the healthcare services with a particular focus on the uninsured."

GIS and Health


Author: Anthony Gattrell
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780748407798
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 212
View: 6288
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Methodological Issues. GIS and Health Research: An Introduction. GIS as an Enabling Technology. Spatial Statistics and the Analysis of Health Data. Statistical Methods for Spatial Epidemiology: Tests for Randomness. Improving the Geographic Basis of Health Surveillance Using GIS. Modelling Spatial Variations in Air Quality Using GIS. GIS, Time Geography and Health. Applications. GIS Applications for Environment and Health in Italy. A Multipurpose Interactive Mortality Atlas of Italy. Bayesian Analysis of Emerging Neoplasms in Spain. The Development of an Epidemiological Spatial Information Sys...

Public Health Reports


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Public health
Page: N.A
View: 4820
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Concepts and Methods in Infectious Disease Surveillance


Author: Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha,John Iskander
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118928636
Category: Medical
Page: 296
View: 2091
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Infectious disease surveillance has evolved at an extraordinarypace during the past several decades, and continues to do so. It isincreasingly used to inform public health practice in addition toits use as a tool for early detection of epidemics. It is thereforecrucial that students of public health and epidemiology have asound understanding of the concepts and principles that underpinmodern surveillance of infectious disease. Written by leaders in the field, who have vast hands-onexperience in conducting surveillance and teaching applied publichealth, Concepts and Methods in Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is comprised of four sections. The first sectionprovides an overview, a description of systems used by publichealth jurisdictions in the United States and legal considerationsfor surveillance. The second section presents chapters on majorprogram-area or disease-specific surveillance systems, includingthose that monitor bacterial infections, foodborne diseases,healthcare-associated infections, and HIV/AIDS. The followingsection is devoted to methods for conducting surveillance and alsoapproaches for data analysis. A concluding section summarizescommunication of surveillance findings, including the use oftraditional and social media, in addition to showcasing lessonslearned from the New York City Department of Health’sexperience in surveillance and epidemiology training. This comprehensive new book covers major topics at an introductoryto intermediate level, and will be an excellent resource forinstructors. Suitable for use in graduate level courses in publichealth, human and veterinary medicine, and in undergraduateprograms in public-health-oriented disciplines, Concepts andMethods in Infectious Disease Surveillance is also a usefulprimer for frontline public health practitioners, hospitalepidemiologists, infection control practitioners, laboratorians inpublic health settings, infectious disease researchers, and medicaland public health informaticians interested in a concise overviewof infectious disease surveillance.

Medical Geography


Author: Melinda S. Meade,Michael Emch
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606230166
Category: Social Science
Page: 498
View: 3666
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The leading text in the field, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to geographic approaches to studying disease and promoting health. It presents cutting-edge techniques of spatial and social analysis and explores their relevance for understanding cultural and political ecology, disease systems, and public health issues across the globe. Essential topics include how new diseases emerge and epidemics develop in particular places; the intersecting influences on health of biological processes, culture, environment, and behavior; and the changing landscape of health care planning and service delivery. The text is richly illustrated with tables, figures, and maps, including 16 color plates. New to This Edition: thoroughly updated in response to the challenges of globalization, development, and demographic changes incorporates the latest data and conceptual frameworks chapters on neighborhood analysis and the use of GIS in modeling health and disease GIS applications and examples are integrated throughout. This book will be important reading for students and instructors in geography, public health, epidemiology, international health policy and planning, medical sociology, and related fields. It will also serve as a primary text in advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses such as Medical Geography and Health Geography.

Environment and Planning

Government & policy. C
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political planning
Page: N.A
View: 8553
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Publishes interdisciplinary research on issues of Government and Policy with an international perspective. Committed to a broad range of policy questions, not just those related to government and public policy. Topics covered include nonstate agents, private-public collaboration, and NGOs (nongovernmental organisations). All areas of economic, social and environmental institutions, and policy are included. Disciplines from which papers are derived include political science, planning, geography, economics, law, sociology, and public administration.

Environmental justice small grants program emerging tools for local problemsolving.


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428900357
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8293
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Proceedings of the GIS Research UK 16th annual conference, GISRUK 2008

UNIGIS, Manchester Metropolitan University, 2nd-4th April 2008
Author: David Lambrick,Manchester Metropolitan University
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 378
View: 3086
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Computers in Fisheries Research


Author: Bernard A. Megrey,Erlend Moksness
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402086369
Category: Science
Page: 422
View: 9752
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The first edition of this book was published by Chapman and Hall Ltd. in 1996. The first edition contained nine chapters and, for all except one chapter, the original chapter authors agreed to update their chapter. Comparing these chapters gives the reader an idea of the development over a time span of more than 10 years between the two editions. In the preparation of the second edition we decided to add more chapters reflecting some important fields with significant contributions to present day fishery research. These are the use of internet for searching of information (Chapter 2), and the present state and use of remote sensing (Chapter 5), ecosystem modeling (Chapter 8) and visualization of data (Chapter 10). This second edition provides a valuable sampling of contemporary applications. Scientists have an opportunity to evaluate the suitability of different computer technology applications to their particular research situation thereby taking advantage of the experience of others. The chapters that follow are the fruition of this idea. The history behind this book started in 1989 when we were asked by Dr. Vidar Wespestad (previously: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, USA) to prepare and convene a session at the 1992 World Fishery Congress in Athens, Greece on computer applications in fisheries. We agreed that the idea was a good one and the computer session in 1992 turned out to be very successful.

Evaluation of an air toxic GIS risk screening model


Author: Darcee Killpack
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 336
View: 3572
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Annual Review of Public Health

2003
Author: Jonathan E. Fielding,Ross C. Brownson,Noreen M. Clar
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780824327248
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 496
View: 7952
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Protecting Personnel at Hazardous Waste Sites


Author: WILLIAM F. MARTIN
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483292398
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 581
View: 9760
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The second edition of this book brings together a wide range of occupational safety and health recommendations and practices directly applying to hazardous waste site clean ups. In addition to providing the most current information on maximum protection for clean up personnel, this book is a practical authoritative guide for those involved in clean up operations. The completely updated second edition cites the newest OSHA and NIOSH recommendations which have developed over the past decade and explores the new federal emphasis in hazardous waste site clean ups as Radiation safety, Toxicology, Unexploded ordanance, OSHA training, EPA training and site health and safety plans.