Glum Heroes

Hardship, Fear and Death - Resilience and Coping in the British Army on the Western Front 1914-1919
Author: Peter Hodgkinson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781912174744
Category:
Page: 248
View: 7162
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Our vision of the soldier of the Great War is often clouded by sentimentality. 'Glum Heroes' is a portrayal of how the soldiers of 1914-1918 coped with their experiences. Using their own words, the book considers coping from both the standpoint of psychological theory that has stood the test of time, but more importantly, in the context of the cultural norms of those born into the Victorian era. The external coping resources available to soldiers encompassed family and friends. The first was a resource limited by distance, and the central role of correspondence in sustaining contact is explored. The second is often misunderstood. The nature of the comradeship enjoyed on active service mirrored that of the workplace of the early 20th century. The use of modern notions of friendship distorts our understanding of how within its limitations such comradeship was supportive. The two kingpins of the internal resources that facilitated coping on active service include the code of manliness and the stoic emphasis on endurance and management of emotion. The role of these is greatly diminished in the modern world. Similarly, spirituality wove its way into soldiers' coping in ways unfamiliar in the present day. Fear and courage are examined in the light of these coping mechanisms, as is the experience of loss and death on the battlefield. Stripped of sentimentality and viewed without the distorting prism of 21st century preoccupations, the coping mechanisms of Great War soldiers, although very different from our own, were robust and largely effective.

They Called It Shell Shock

Combat Stress in the First World War
Author: Stefanie Linden
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781912390533
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6688
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They called it Shell Shock provides a new perspective on the psychological reactions to the traumatic experiences of combat. In the Great War, soldiers were incapacitated by traumatic disorders at an epidemic scale that surpassed anything known from previous armed conflicts. Drawing upon individual histories from British and German servicemen, this book illustrates the universal suffering of soldiers involved in this conflict and its often devastating consequences for their mental health. Dr Stefanie Linden explains how shell shock challenged the fabric of prewar society, including its beliefs about gender (superiority of the male character), class (superiority of the officer class) and scientific progress. She argues that the shell shock epidemic had enduring consequences for the understanding of the human mind and the power that it can exert over the body. The author has analyzed over 660 original medical case records from shell-shocked soldiers who were treated at the world-leading neurological/psychiatric institutions of the time: the National Hospital at Queen Square in London, the Charit� Psychiatric Department in Berlin and the Jena Military Hospital at Jena/Germany. This is thus the first shell shock book to be based on original case records from both sides of the battle. It includes a rich collection of hitherto unpublished firsthand accounts of life in the trenches and soldiers' traumas. The focal point of the book is the soldier's experience on the battlefield that triggers his nervous breakdown - and the author links this up with the soldiers' biographies and provides a perspective on their pre-war civilian life and experience of the war. She then describes the fate of individual soldiers; their psychological and neurological symptoms; their journey through the system of military hospitals and specialist units at home; and the initially ambivalent response of the medical system. She analyses the external factors that influenced clinical presentations of traumatized soldiers and shows how cultural and political factors can shape mental illness and the reactions of doctors and society. The author argues that the challenge posed by tens of thousands of shell-shocked soldiers and the necessity to maintain the fighting strength of the army eventually led to a modernization of medicine - even resulting in the first formal treatment studies in the history of medicine. "They called it Shell Shock" is also one of the first books to tackle often neglected topics of war history, including desertion, suicide and soldiers' mental illness. Based on her expertise in psychiatry and history of medicine, the author argues that many modern trauma therapies had their root in the medicine of the First World War and that the experience of the shell shock patients and their doctors is still very relevant for the understanding of present-day traumatic diseases.

They Didn T Want to Die Virgins

Sex and Morale in the British Army on the Western Front 1914-1918
Author: Bruce Cherry
Publisher: Helion
ISBN: 9781910777701
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 8880
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There has been a collective amnesia when it comes to recalling the sexual activities of the British soldier on the Western Front between 1914 and 1918. Perhaps there has even been a conspiracy of silence with some inclined to let sleeping dogs lie. That the soldier could find the time, inclination, and indeed partners to enjoy a sex life amidst the mud and carnage is often a revelation even to those who are Western Front experts. Yet, as official venereal disease treatment figures attest, many a man or boy - even those with wife or sweetheart at home - took every opportunity offered to satisfy their lust, or assuage their natural youthful curiosity. Sexual adventures took place in regulated brothels, with 'wayside' prostitutes, and with compliant local women, themselves seeking the excitement of 'wild love'. And the army not only turned a blind eye but effectively became a procurer as Edwardian morals were sacrificed for morale and the need to keep men healthy enough to die in the line. This meticulously researched study examines the soldiers' sex life in detail, exploring its impact on morale and placing it the context of both prewar civilian morality and the army's historic policy on sex. The author has read between the lines of published and unpublished memoirs and letters; listened carefully to hundreds of memories stored at London's Imperial War Museum; analyzed soldiers' songs and jokes; and reinterpreted contemporary paintings, magazine illustrations, postcards and cartoons, that unconsciously left visual evidence of the importance of sex. Recently discovered unique photographs are included to give weight to his argument. The men's attitudes as well as actions are examined, as is their ownership and use of pornography. Noting that it 'takes two tango', the book looks at the socio-demographics and motives of the women involved and the workings and economics of the 'Red Lamp' army-regulated brothels. Careful not to denigrate the memory of the men who served and died, and avoiding sensationalism, hyperbole, or tabloid-style copy, the author paints a vivid picture of the seedier aspects of line behind the front while arguing its positive impact on morale.

The Battle of the Selle

Fourth Army Operations on the Western Front in the Hundred Days, 9-24 October 1918
Author: Peter Hodgkinson
Publisher: Wolverhampton Series
ISBN: 9781911512639
Category:
Page: 376
View: 5881
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This book considers a relatively unknown series of actions of the victorious Hundred Days of 1918: the operations at the River Selle. Between 9-24 October, the British Fourth Army drove elements of two German armies back from the Hindenburg support line in the 'Pursuit to the Selle' (9-11 October); prepared and fought the set-piece Battle of the Selle (17-18 October); and then drove in the flank of the German Second Army towards the Sambre-Oise Canal (23-24 October). Contrary to expectations, the enemy resistance on 17 October (as Fourth Army crossed the river) was strong and effective, which contradicts the idea that the German Army was an entirely spent force at this late point in the conflict. Furthermore, Fourth Army suffered its worst intelligence failure of the war and artillery, airpower and armor were unable to support the infantry effectively; it was largely the infantry, fighting a 'soldier's battle', that gave victory. The book gives a detailed account of the fighting and the infantry tactics deployed, and it analyses why Fourth Army's 'weapons system' struggled to be effective - weighing the contribution of each element and the qualities of the infantry that made victory possible. It also examines the nature of 'semi-mobile' warfare in the Hundred Days and assesses the limitations of the British ability to pursue this. The idea that the BEF had an invincible formula - repeatedly deployed - that ensured success is challenged; similarly, the nature of the German resistance is subject to analysis. The book further examines Fourth Army's planning process and the efforts of the Royal Engineers and the logistics system, without which no victory would have been possible.

Smiling in Slow Motion


Author: Derek Jarman
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452931240
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8902
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Enduring the Whirlwind

The German Army and the Russo-German War 1941-1943
Author: Gregory Liedtke
Publisher: Helion and Company
ISBN: 1911096877
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 8603
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This work seeks to address the notion of German numerical-weakness in terms of Germany's ability to replace its losses and regenerate its military strength, and assess just how accurate this argument was during the crucial first half of the Russo-German War (June 1941-June 1943).

Coyote V. Acme


Author: Ian Frazier
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1466828757
Category: Humor
Page: 128
View: 8980
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Twenty-two humorous essays on topics ranging from Joseph Stalin's theories of revolutionary stand-up comedy, to a commencement address given by a Satanist college President, to the opening statement of an attorney representing Wile E. Coyote in a product liability suit against the Acme company, supplier of unpredictable rocket sleds and faulty spring-powered shoes.

Douglas Haig

From the Somme to Victory
Author: Gary Sheffield
Publisher: Aurum Press Limited
ISBN: 1781316171
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 8446
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‘Well written and persuasive …objective and well-rounded….this scholarly rehabilitation should be the standard biography’, Andrew Roberts, Mail on Sunday ‘A true judgment of him must lie somewhere between hero and zero, and in this detailed biography Gary Sheffield shows himself well qualified to make it … a balanced portrait’ The Sunday Times ‘Solid scholarship and admirable advocacy’ Sunday Telegraph Douglas Haig is the single most controversial general in British history. In 1918, after his armies had played a major role in the First World War, he was feted as a saviour. But within twenty years his reputation was in ruins, and it has never recovered. Drawing on previously unknown private letters and new scholarship unavailable when The Chief was first published, eminent First World War historian Gary Sheffield reassesses Haig’s reputation, assessing his critical role in preparing the army for war.

The Secret Life of Wilkie Collins


Author: William M. Clarke
Publisher: Ivan R. Dee
ISBN: 1461730317
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 255
View: 3031
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In this intimate Victorian life of the father of the detective story, Mr. Clarke uncovers and explores, with insight and sympathy, the private relationships of a fascinating writer. A literary coup...casts a fresh beam of light on the great, dark seam of Victorian sexual mores. —Observer

Mysteries of the Rectangle

Essays on Painting
Author: Siri Hustvedt
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
ISBN: 9781568986180
Category: Art
Page: 180
View: 5968
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In this book, Hustvedt gives us nine essays on the significance of particular works of art, replete with original insights and a few startling discoveries. In her essay on Giorgione's The Tempest, a painting that has mystified art critics for hundreds of years, the author reinterprets the canvas as a work about art and voyeurism. While looking at The Third of May, she was astonished to discover that Goya had hidden his own self-portrait in a shadowy corner of his iconic masterwork. More than anything, the essays in this book display a true passion for art, from the still lifes of Jean-Baptiste Chardin and Giorgio Morandi to the contemporary works of Joan Mitchell and Gerhard Richter. Hustvedt captures perfectly the pleasure found in giving oneself up to the complexities and ambiguities of painting, discovering new subtleties and surprises the longer one takes the time to look.--Back cover.

Passchendaele

The Lost Victory of World War I
Author: Nick Lloyd
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465094783
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 6318
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The definitive account of Passchendaele, one of the most influential and tragic battles of the First World War Passchendaele. The name of a small, seemingly insignificant Flemish village echoes across the twentieth century as the ultimate expression of meaningless, industrialized slaughter. In the summer of 1917, upwards of 500,000 men were killed or wounded, maimed, gassed, drowned, or buried in this small corner of Belgium. On the centennial of the battle, military historian Nick Lloyd brings to vivid life this epic encounter along the Western Front. Drawing on both British and German sources, he is the first historian to reveal the astonishing fact that, for the British, Passchendaele was an eminently winnable battle. Yet the advance of British troops was undermined by their own high command, which, blinded by hubris, clung to failed tactics. The result was a familiar one: stalemate. Lloyd forces us to consider that trench warfare was not necessarily a futile endeavor, and that had the British won at Passchendaele, they might have ended the war early, saving hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of lives. A captivating narrative of heroism and folly, Passchendaele is an essential addition to the literature on the Great War.

The British Army and the First World War


Author: Ian Beckett,Timothy Bowman,Mark Connelly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107005779
Category: History
Page: 496
View: 6691
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This is a major new history of the British army during the Great War written by three leading military historians. Ian Beckett, Timothy Bowman and Mark Connelly survey operations on the Western Front and throughout the rest of the world as well as the army's social history, pre-war and wartime planning and strategy, the maintenance of discipline and morale and the lasting legacy of the First World War on the army's development. They assess the strengths and weaknesses of the army between 1914 and 1918, engaging with key debates around the adequacy of British generalship and whether or not there was a significant 'learning curve' in terms of the development of operational art during the course of the war. Their findings show how, despite limitations of initiative and innovation amongst the high command, the British army did succeed in developing the effective combined arms warfare necessary for victory in 1918.

The Last Time I Saw Mother


Author: Arlene J. Chai
Publisher: Ballantine Books
ISBN: 0307775968
Category: Fiction
Page: 352
View: 4625
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"My mother never writes. So when the mail arrived that day, I was not expecting to find a letter from her. There was no warning." Between generations of women, there are always secrets--relationships kept hidden, past events obscured, true feelings not spoken. But sometimes the truth is so primal it must be told. Now, with haunting lyricism and emotional clarity, Arlene Chai has written an exquisite novel about a family of women who break their silence. At the center of The Last Time I Saw Mother is the singular story of a woman who suddenly learns she is not who she thinks she is. Caridad is a wife and mother, a native of the Philippines living in Sydney, Australia. Out of the blue Caridad's mother summons her home. Although she is not ill, Thelma needs to talk to her daughter -- to reveal a secret that has been weighing heavily on her for years. It is a tale that Caridad in no way suspects. She stopped asking questions about the past long ago; her mother's constant reluctance to answer finally subdued her curiosity. Now, it is through the words of Thelma, her aunt Emma, and her cousin Ligaya, that Caridad will learn the startling truth and attempt to recapture what has been lost to her. Arlene Chai tells their versions of the story in their own voices, each one distinct, moving, and magical. As each woman tells her part of their family's hidden history, Caridad hears at last the unspoken stories--the joys and sorrows that her parents kept to themselves, and the never forgotten tragedy of the war years, when Japan's brutal occupation and civilian deprivations helped destroy a country and its history. The Last Time I Saw Mother is about mothers and daughters. It is about a cultural identity born of Spanish, Chinese, and Filipino influence. And it is about the healing power of truth. Arlene Chai is one of the most stunning new novelists in years. She takes us to a place we have never been before. From the Hardcover edition.

Haig's Enemy

Crown Prince Rupprecht and Germany's War on the Western Front
Author: Jonathan Boff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199670463
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 8424
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Jonathan Boff's pioneering study, Haig's Enemy, draws on Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria's diaries and letters to explore the Western Front from the 'other side of the wire'. Viewing the Great War through the eyes of one of Germany's leading generals, the direct counterpart and enemy of Sir Douglas Haig, enables us to see many of the controversies of the Western Front in a completely new light. The picture which emerges is far removed from the sterilestalemate of myth. Instead, we see the Western Front as a highly dynamic 'battle-space', both physical and intellectual, where three armies struggled not only to out-fight, but also to out-think, their enemy, ina game where the stakes could not have been higher.

Psychotherapy Relationships that Work : Therapist Contributions and Responsiveness to Patients

Therapist Contributions and Responsiveness to Patients
Author: John C. Norcross University of Scranton
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198032781
Category: Social Science
Page: 464
View: 9183
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This book is the result of the American Psychological Association's Division of Psychotherapy (Div. 29) Task Force aimed at applying psychological science to the identification and promulgation of effective psychotherapy. Many efforts to improve therapy have focused on codifying evidence-based treatments, but in doing so have left the psychotherapeutic relationship behind. Clinical experience and research findings underscore that the therapeutic relationship accounts for as much of the outcome as particular treatments. This volume's 25 chapters identify the elements of effective therapy relationships and methods of customizing psychotherapy to each patient.

Citizens and Nation

An Essay on History, Communication, and Canada
Author: Gerald Friesen
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442690844
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 637
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Grandmother Andre told stories in front of a campfire. Elizabeth Goudie wrote a memoir in school scribblers. Phyllis Knight taped hours of interviews with her son. Today's families rely on television and video cameras. They are all making history. In a different approach to that old issue, 'the Canadian identity,' Gerald Friesen links the media studies of Harold Innis to the social history of recent decades. The result is a framework for Canadian history as told by ordinary people. Friesen suggests that the common peoples' perceptions of time and space in what is now Canada changed with innovations in the dominant means of communication. He defines four communication-based epochs in Canadian history: the oral-traditional world of pre-contact Aboriginal people; the textual-settler household of immigrants; the print-capitalism of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; and the screen-capitalism that has emerged in the last few decades. This analysis of communication is linked to distinctive political economies, each of which incorporates its predecessors in an increasingly complex social order. In each epoch, using the new communication technologies, people struggled to find the political means by which they could ensure that they and their households survived and, if they were lucky, prospered. Canada is the sum of their endeavours. "Citizens and Nation" demonstrates that it is possible to find meaning in the nation's past that will interest, among others, a new, young, and multicultural reading audience.

Pershing's Crusaders

The American Soldier in World War I
Author: Richard Faulkner
Publisher: Modern War Studies (Hardcover)
ISBN: 9780700623730
Category: History
Page: 784
View: 8403
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"The most systematic, comprehensive, detailed, and up-to-date study yet published of the experiences, daily life, and representative attitudes of the American soldier (Army & Marine) in World War I. It will be a seminal source for anyone interested in the World War I-era American army and/or the history of early twentieth-century America"--Publisher.

Keep Calm at Christmas


Author: Ebury Publishing
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448116317
Category:
Page: 160
View: 2242
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Everyone knows 'tis the season to be jolly; when you can roast chestnuts on an open fire, treetops glisten and sleigh bells ring alongside the sound of small children's laughter. However, if you don't think Christmas is the most wonderful time of the year then reach for Keep Calm at Christmas and let its soothing advice reassure you that Christmas comes but once a year. Keep Calm at Christmas follows Keep Calm for Ladies and Keep Calm for Chaps and offers many merry pearls of wisdom to help you get through the festive season; on everything from relatives to office parties, and gluttony to new year resolutions. An insighftul pocket gift for Christmas. 'What I don't like about office Christmas parties is looking for a job the next day' Phyllis Diller 'About all you can do is dream of a white Christmas, for it seems like it always leaves most of us in the red' Anon 'Once again, we come to the Holiday Season, a deeply religious time that each of us observes, in his own way, by going to the mall of his choice' Anon 'Next to a circus there ain't nothing that packs up and tears out faster than the Christmas spirit' Kin Hubbard 'New Year's Day... now is the accepted time to make your regular annual good resolutions. Next week you can begin paving hell with them as usual' Mark Twain

Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions


Author: Elizabeth Stanton
Publisher: American Roots
ISBN: 9781429096157
Category: Social Science
Page: 24
View: 634
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Elizabeth Cady Stanton was largely responsible for the Declaration of Sentiments draft, prepared in advance and patterned after the evocative Declaration of Independence. On July 19, with Stanton and Mott presiding, women met alone to debate the Declaration (a statement of grievances), the propriety of male signators, and the merits of twelve resolutions (statements of principle). The next day, with James Mott presiding over a mixed audience, sixty-eight women and thirty-two men signed the Declaration.