Good Faith in European Contract Law


Author: Reinhard Zimmermann,Simon Whittaker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521771900
Category: Law
Page: 720
View: 2867
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For some Western European legal systems the principle of good faith has proved central to the development of their law of contracts, while in others it has been marginalised or even rejected. This book surveys the use or neglect of good faith.

The Foundations of European Private Law


Author: Roger Brownsword,Hans-W Micklitz,Leone Niglia,Stephen Weatherill
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847317901
Category: Law
Page: 648
View: 1546
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There remains an urgent need for a deeper discussion of the theoretical, political and federal dimensions of the European codification project. While much valuable work has already been undertaken, the chapters in this volume take as their starting point the proposition that further reflection and critical thought will enhance the quality and efficacy of the on-going work of the various codification bodies. The volume contains chapters by representatives of the Common Frame of Reference, the Study Group and the Acquis Group as well as by those who have not been involved in particular projects but who have previously commented more distantly on their work - for instance those belonging to the Trento Group, and the Social Justice Group. The chapters between them represent the most comprehensive attempt so far to survey the state of the codification project, its theoretical, political and federal foundations and the future prospects for enforcement and compliance.

System und Prinzipien des Europäischen Vertragsrechts


Author: Karl Riesenhuber
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110900890
Category: Law
Page: 700
View: 7115
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Das Buch enthält eine Gesamtdarstellung zu Fragen der Systembildung im Europäischen Vertragsrecht. Mit ihrem Grünbuch vom 11. Juli 2001 hat die Europäische Kommission die Frage nach dem wünschenswerten Harmonisierungskonzept erneut aufgeworfen. Daran anschließend hat sie am 12. Februar 2003 einen Aktionsplan für "Ein kohärentes Europäisches Vertragsrecht" vorgelegt. Beide Themenkreise werden in der vorliegenden Arbeit bereits zusammenhängend erörtert. Der Verfasser legt zunächst Grundlagen für die Arbeit: Im ersten Teil werden Grundfragen des Systemdenkens im Privatrecht erörtert und der Begriff des Europäischen Privatrechts näher konturiert. Im zweiten Teil untersucht der Verfasser, ob sich die zahlreichen einzelnen Angleichungsrechtsakte als Ausprägungen eines Gesamtplans verstehen lassen: Lässt sich den Einzelrechtsakten ein Harmonisierungskonzept entnehmen, das Grund und Grenzen der Rechtsangleichung erkennen läßt? Den Hauptteil der Arbeit bildet die systematische Gesamtdarstellung des materiellen Vertragsrechts im dritten Teil. In einer nach Sachfragen des Vertragsrechts geordneten Weise werden hier die zahlreichen Einzelregelungen erörtert, die sich über verschiedene Richtlinien verstreut finden. Es handelt sich um den - wohl ersten - Versuch einer Dogmatik des Europäischen Vertragsrechts. Über den Autor: Dr. Karl Riesenhuber ist Privatdozent an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg.

The Principles of European Contract Law and Dutch Law:A Commentary


Author: Ewoud H. Hondius,H. J. Van Kooten
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041117490
Category: Law
Page: 471
View: 5120
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The topic of harmonisation of European private law, and European contract law in particular, is rapidly gaining in importance. The topic is not only widely studied by academics and students all over Europe (and even beyond), it is also on the political agenda of the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the European Council. The most important achievement in this field is no doubt the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL), drafted by the Commission on European Contract Law. The European Commission considers the PECL to be a serious option for further harmonisation of European contract law within the European Union. This publication is the first to provide a systematic overview of the PECL in comparison with Dutch contract law as a whole. The book is concise and because of its structure it is easily accessible. Amongst the contributors there are many highly distinguished contract law specialists. It may be used at universities in courses on Comparative Law, European Private Law, and European Contract Law. It may also be used by international practitioners, foreign students, and academics interested in Dutch contract law who do not have access to Dutch contract law because they have no knowledge of the Dutch language. Last but not least, the book will be of interest to all jurists interested in the harmonisation of the European Private Law.

Precontractual Liability in European Private Law


Author: John Cartwright,Martijn Hesselink
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521516013
Category: Law
Page: 509
View: 4416
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This volume outlines European perspectives on the liability which may follow a break-off of precontractual negotiations.

Extra legem, intra ius


Author: Axel Metzger
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161497957
Category: Law
Page: 622
View: 2707
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Der allgemeine Rechtsgrundsatz ist als Normtypus von besonderer Bedeutung für das europäische Privatrecht. Zum einen greift der Europäische Gerichtshof regelmäßig auf allgemeine Rechtsgrundsätze zurück, um das Gemeinschaftsrecht auszulegen und zu ergänzen. Zum anderen arbeiten mehrere Wissenschaftsprojekte an der Sammlung rechtsvergleichend ermittelter " Principles ". Axel Metzger entwickelt zunächst eine einheitliche Terminologie und Typologie der allgemeinen Rechtsgrundsätze und beleuchtet die erkenntnistheoretischen Grundlagen. Im Hauptteil des Buches behandelt er die verschiedenen Ebenen des europäischen Privatrechts (Recht der Mitgliedstaaten, Gemeinschaftsrecht, Einheitsrecht, lex mercatoria ) und untersucht jeweils die praktische Bedeutung von Rechtsgrundsätzen, die Methode ihrer Herleitung, die Funktionen sowie die Geltungsfrage. Zum Vergleich zieht er das Recht der USA heran.

Contract I

Pre-contractual Obligations, Conclusion of Contract, Unfair Terms
Author: Research Group on the Existing EC Private Law
Publisher: sellier. european law publ.
ISBN: 3866530234
Category: Law
Page: 311
View: 7776
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The Acquis Group â?? also known as the European Research Group on Existing EC Private Law â?? pursues the objective of presenting, in a restated form known as the Acquis Principles, the large and sometimes incoherent patchwork of existing EC private law. These principles reflect the current state of EC law in a structure which allows for the identification of commonalities, contradictions, and gaps. They function as a tool for the better understanding and improvement of EC private law. They are also intended to ensure that the existing EC law is appropriately reflected in the broader Common Frame of Reference. The principles include a commentary outlining the Acquis foundations, as well as definitions of core legal terms and a glossary on terminology. Formulated with the Acquis Principles in mind, Contract I is the first of a new series. It covers the areas of general EC contract law which surround the formation of contracts, including key rules on pre-contractual duties, the conclusion of a contract, and its content.

The common core of European private law


Author: Mauro Bussani,Ugo Mattei
Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl
ISBN: 9789041118523
Category: Law
Page: 231
View: 3580
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European private law is in the making. Many scholarly and official projects tackle the many issues that are open in the path of the unfolding of a more uniform European legal culture. None of such projects has been as thorough and patient in trying to develop a general knowledge on how things are today in the landscape of European Private Law as the 'Common Core of European Private Law Project', launched in Trento, Italy in 1993 with the direct involvement of the Late Professor R.B. Schlesinger. Within the Common Core Project, over 200 professionals apply a painstaking comparative analysis of European legal systems in the domain of Contracts, Property and Torts. Every year in Trento leading scholars address the plenary session where the active participants convene to discuss methodological and practical problems that emerge from their collective comparative effort. This book is a collection of the views of the importance and stakes of the making of European Private Law as presented in the papers delivered at the Trento plenary sessions.

Mistake, Fraud and Duties to Inform in European Contract Law


Author: Ruth Sefton-Green
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139442961
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 3480
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This 2005 examination of twelve case studies about mistake, fraud and duties to inform reveals significant differences about how contract law works in thirteen European legal systems and, despite the fact that the solutions proposed are often similar, what divergent values underlie the legal rules. Whereas some jurisdictions recognise increasing duties to inform in numerous contracts so that the destiny of mistake and fraud (classical defects of consent) may appear to be uncertain, other jurisdictions continue to refuse such duties as a general rule or fail to recognise the need to protect one of the parties where there is an imbalance in bargaining power or information. Avoiding preconceptions as to where and why these differences exist, this book first examines the historical origins and development of defects of consent, then considers the issues from a comparative and critical standpoint.

An Academic Green Paper on European Contract Law


Author: Stefan Grundmann,Julien Stuyck
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 432
View: 8067
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The Contract is the core tool of governance in a free market economy. An EU Contract Law Code is now on the political agenda because all three legislative bodies in the EU and most member states favour it in principle. In its communication of July 2001, the Commission proposed three major options: to enhance the existing EC Contract Law by eliminating inconsistencies; introducing a European Code which substitutes national laws; and introducing a European code which only supplements national laws. This book achieves three things: For the first time, European academia is discussing these three options in an extensive and systematic way with pros and cons, in a transparent and systematic way, along broad lines and often also important details. The book contains the views of all protagonists from all those who really drafted the models to all those who illustrated the potential of decentralized rule-making and invented the very idea of an Optional Code. This is the first book in which the optional Code, which is the alternative most likely to come, is thoroughly analysed at all. This work also contains a full map of design possibilities. It is the executive summary of what European academia thinks of the future of European Contract Law and a European Code. It is the Academic Green Paper on European Contract Law.

Wettbewerb der Privatrechtsordnungen im Europäischen Binnenmarkt

Studien zur Privatrechtskoordinierung in der Europäischen Union auf den Gebieten des Gesellschafts- und Vertragsrechts
Author: Eva-Maria Kieninger
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161477997
Category: Law
Page: 442
View: 525
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English summary: The author discusses whether institutional competition among member states in the European Union would be preferable to harmonization with respect to the future development of European private law, especially in the fields of corporate and contract law. The work was conceived partly as a result of the Centros decision of the European Court of Justice in 1999, in which the Court used the topos of competition among legal systems for the first time and enlisted its support for an extensive interpretation of the freedom of establishment. German description: Eva-Maria Kieninger behandelt eine Grundfrage der gegenwartigen Rechtsentwicklung in der EU: Soll der Prozess der Harmonisierung fortgesetzt werden oder ware es besser, die mitgliedstaatlichen Rechtsordnungen einem Wettbewerb untereinander zu uberlassen? Diese Frage stellt sich nicht nur im Hinblick auf das Steuer-, Umwelt- oder Sozialrecht, sondern auch fur das Privatrecht, das wegen der in weiten Bereichen herrschenden Rechtswahlfreiheit auf den ersten Blick sogar besonders pradestiniert fur einen institutionellen Wettbewerb erscheint.Zunachst wird ein okonomisches Modell des institutionellen Wettbewerbs aufgestellt und auf das Privatrecht ubertragen. Dann wird fur die Bereiche des Gesellschafts- und Vertragsrechts untersucht, ob die Voraussetzungen eines funktionsfahigen Wettbewerbs gegeben sind und mit welchen Wirkungen im Erfolgsfall zu rechnen ware. Dabei werden rechtsvergleichend die US-amerikanischen Erfahrungen mit dem Wettbewerb im Gesellschaftsrecht einbezogen. Schliesslich widmet sich Eva-Maria Kieninger der Frage, ob und inwieweit ein institutioneller Wettbewerb mit dem Binnenmarktziel kompatibel ware. Aktueller Anlass der Arbeit ist unter anderem die 'Centros' -Entscheidung des EuGH aus dem Jahr 1999, in der der Gerichtshof erstmals den Topos des 'Wettbewerbs der Rechtsordnungen' verwendet und zu einer ausdehnenden Interpretation der Niederlassungsfreiheit herangezogen hat.

Unexpected Circumstances in European Contract Law


Author: Ewoud Hondius,Christoph Grigoleit
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139501151
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 4540
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The recent financial crisis has questioned whether existing contracts may be adapted, terminated or renegotiated as a result of unexpected circumstances. The question is not a new one. In medieval times the notion of clausula rebus sic stantibus was developed to cope with such situations, and Germany introduced the theory of Wegfall der Geschäftsgrundlage. In England, the Coronation cases provided one possible answer. This comparative study explores the possibility of classifying jurisdictions as 'open' or 'closed' in this regard.

Verbraucherschutzrecht

Europäisierung und Materialisierung des deutschen Zivilrechts und die Herausbildung eines Verbraucherschutzprinzips
Author: Marina Tamm
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161508806
Category: Law
Page: 1078
View: 3387
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English summary: At times we are faced with the question of athe law behind the law, that is to say the question of legalities connected by a multitude of associated norms. It is precisely those very diverse regulations in consumer protection law which raise this question. Marina Tamm deals with this issue and presents German consumer protection law in a form which is comprehensible and interesting to the layperson and the expert. German description: Das Verbraucherschutzrecht gehort zur Kernmaterie des Zivilrechts. Es besticht durch die Vielzahl europaischer Richtlinienvorgaben, die in nationales Recht transformiert werden mussen. Dabei kommt es zu zahlreichen Friktionen, die am besten durch das Prinzip der Mindestharmonisierung bewaltigt werden konnen. Inhaltlich stellt das Verbraucherschutzrecht eine Querschnittmaterie aus vorvertraglichen, vertraglichen, deliktischen und zivilprozessualen Vorschriften dar. Ihr stetiger Zuwachs und ihre systematische Verknupfung fuhren zu der Frage, ob dieser Regelungscluster Sonderprivatrecht darstellt, dem ein eigenes Prinzip, das des Schutzes des Verbrauchers, unterlegt ist.

The New European Private Law:Vol. 3:Essays on the Future of Private Law in Europe


Author: Martijn Hesselink
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041119620
Category: Law
Page: 283
View: 5367
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In The New European Private Law, Martijn W. Hesselink presents a revised and supplemented collection of essays written over the last five years on European private law. He argues that the creation of a common private law in Europe is not merely a matter of rediscovering the old ius commune or of neutrally establishing the present 'common core' which may be codified in a European Civil Code. Rather, it is a matter of making choices, some of which may be highly controversial. In this book he discusses some of the most important choices which will have to be made with regard to culture, principles, politics, models, rights, concepts and structure in the new European private law.

General Clauses and Standards in European Contract Law

Comparative Law, EC Law and Contract Law Codification
Author: Stefan Grundmann,Denis Mazeaud
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041124322
Category: Law
Page: 218
View: 5466
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General clauses or standards (Generalklauseln, clauses generales) are legal rules which are not precisely formulated, terms and concepts which in fact do not even have a clear core. They are often applied in varying degrees in various legal systems to a rather wide range of contract cases when certain issues arise issues such as abuse of rights, unfairness, good faith, fairness of duty or loyalty or honesty, duty of care, and other such contract terms not lending themselves readily to clear or permanent definition. Here for the first time is a systematic discussion of this kind of rule in the evolving and dynamic context of European contract law. A collection of twelve insightful essays by leading European law authorities, the book is based on a conference organized jointly by the Society of European Contract Law (SECOLA) and l'association Henri Capitant, held in the `grande salle' of the French Supreme Court in Paris in 2005. The subject is approached along three distinct but interconnected avenues: comparative contract law, in which the different models to be found among Member States particularly the Germanic, French, and English common law systems are explored with an eye to differences and common ground;EC contract law, in which the general clause approach has tended to focus on labour law and consumer law, and in which the European Court of Justice more and more assumes the final say; andthe European codification dimension, in which a potential instrument on the European level would compete with national laws and develop closely with them. The authors demonstrate that a focus on general clauses in contract law, embracing as it does a wide range of types of contracts, helps enormously with the necessary integration of legal scholarship and economic approaches, and of legal science and legal practice in the field. Numerous analytic references to relevant cases and EC Directives give a practical impetus to the far-reaching but immediately applicable theory presented in this important book. As European contract law continues to develop rapidly, this seminal contribution is sure to increase in value and usefulness.

Commercial Trusts in European Private Law


Author: Michele Graziadei,Ugo Mattei,Lionel Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139448161
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 3915
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In European legal systems, a variety of approaches to trust and relationships of trust meet the universal professionalisation of asset management services. This book explores that interface in order to seek a better understanding of the legal regulation of the entrustment of wealth. Within the methodology of the Common Core of European Private Law, the book sets out cases on the establishment and termination of management relationships, obligations of loyalty and of professionalism, and the choice of law. More specialized cases address collective investment, collective secured lending, pension funds, and securitisation. Reports on these cases from fifteen jurisdictions of the European Union tackle fundamental problems of trust law and show which legal techniques are deployed to solve them across Europe. In addition to a much-needed comparative treatment of the subject, the book discusses the scholarly setting for the issues and gives guidance on the terminology in the evolving European scene.

The Common European Sales Law in Context

Interactions with English and German Law
Author: Gerhard Dannemann,Stefan Vogenauer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191668184
Category: Law
Page: 856
View: 8582
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European Contract Law unification projects have recently advanced from the Draft Common Frame of Reference (2009) to a European Commission proposal for an optional Common European Sales Law (2011) which is to facilitate cross-border marketing. This book investigates for the first time how CESL and DCFR rules would interact with various aspects of domestic law, represented by English and German law. Nineteen chapters, co-authored by British and German scholars, examine such interface issues for eg pre-contractual relationships, notions of contract, formation, interpretation, and remedies, extending to non-discrimination, third parties, transfers or rights, aspects of property law, and collective proceedings. They go beyond a critical analysis of CESL and DCFR rules by demonstrating where and how CESL rules would interact with neighbouring areas of English and German law before English and German courts, how domestic traditions might influence the application, which aspects might motivate sellers and buyers to choose or reject CESL, and which might serve as model for national legislators. The findings are summarized in the final two chapters.

Pace yearbook of international law


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9213
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International Legal Materials


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biblioteca Alfa-Omega de ciências sociais
Page: N.A
View: 1370
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Good Faith in Contract and Property


Author: A. D. M. Forte,Angelo D. M. Forte
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841130478
Category: Law
Page: 211
View: 2403
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Good faith is already a familiar concept in international commercial law and a recognised principle of substantive law in several major legal systems. In the United Kingdom, however, a role for good faith and, more fundamentally, the issue of whether or not there ought to be a general principle of good faith informing English and Scots contract and property law, are still matters for debate. This book, containing the papers delivered at the Symposium on Good Faith in Contract and Property Law held in Aberdeen University in October 1998, engages in that critical debate. While its central core reflects on good faith from the perspective of a mixed legal system (Scots Law), papers on good faith from an English and European perspective locate the debate, properly, within a broader jurisdictional context.