Grasses and Grassland Ecology

Author: David J. Gibson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019852918X
Category: Science
Page: 305
View: 5257
Grasses and Grassland Ecology provides an ecologically orientated introduction to this influential group of plants, summarizing the most recent scientific research in ecology and agriculture in the context of the older, classic literature. Ten chapters cover the morphology, anatomy, physiology and systematics of grasses, their population, community and ecosystem ecology, their global distribution, and the effects of disturbanceand grassland management.

California Grasslands

Ecology and Management
Author: Mark R. Stromberg,Jeffrey D. Corbin,Carla Marie D'Antonio
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520252202
Category: Nature
Page: 390
View: 9972
"This highly synthetic and scholarly work brings together new and important scientific contributions by leading experts on a rich diversity of topics concerning the history, ecology, and conservation of California's endangered grasslands. The editors and authors have succeeded admirably in drawing from a great wealth of recent research to produce a widely accessible and compelling, state-of-the-art treatment of this fascinating subject. Anyone interested in Californian biodiversity or grassland ecosystems in general will find this book to be an invaluable resource and a major inspiration for further research, management, and restoration efforts."--Bruce G. Baldwin, W. L. Jepson Professor and Curator, UC Berkeley "Grasses and grasslands are among the most important elements of the California landscape. This is their book, embodying the kind of integrated view needed for all ecological communities in California. Approaches ranging across an incredibly broad spectrum -- paleontology and human history; basic science and practical management techniques; systematics, community ecology, physiology, and genetics; physical factors such as water, soil nutrients, atmospherics, and fire; biological factors such as competition, symbiosis, and grazing -- are nicely tied together due to careful editorial work. This is an indispensable reference for everyone interested in the California environment."--Brent Mishler, Director of the University & Jepson Herbaria and Professor of Integrative Biology, UC Berkeley "The structure and function of California grasslands have intrigued ecologists for decades. The editors of this volume have assembled a comprehensive set of reviews by a group of outstanding authors on the natural history, structure, management, and restoration of this economically and ecologically important ecosystem."--Scott L. Collins, Professor of Biology, University of New Mexico

Perspectives in Grassland Ecology

Results and Applications of the US/IBP Grassland Biome Study
Author: N.R. French
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461261821
Category: Science
Page: 204
View: 1108
This volume is a result of the summary and synthesis of data collected in the Grassland Biome Program, which is part of the American contribution to the International Biological Program (IBP). The purpose of this volume is to present a summary of quantitative ecological investigations of North American grass lands and to present a set of broad comparisons of their characteristics and functions as well as the results of some models and experiments that lead to practical considerations of the management of grasslands. Synthesis is a continuing activity in science. Early in the Grassland Biome Program there was a synthesis of literature data on grasslands, edited by R. L. Dix and R. G. Beidleman (1969). Results of the first year of field data collection under this program were synthesized in a volume edited by N. R. French (1971). Development of the large-scale model constructed to depict the processes and the dynamics of state variables in grassland ecosystems was presented by Innis (1978). Soon to appear will be two volumes integrating studies of American grasslands with IBP studies in other grasslands of the world (Coupland, in press) and the application of systems analysis to understanding grassland function and utilization (Breymeyer and Van Dyne, in press). The present volume presents current results and comparisons of field investigations and experimental studies that were conducted under this program.

Ecology of Grasslands and Bamboolands in the World

Author: M. Numata
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789400991873
Category: Science
Page: 294
View: 1902
In 1967 and again in 1970 and 1977 I consulted in Tokyo with Mrs. Schluter of VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, about the plan for a new book on the ecology of the world's grasslands and bamboolands. Upon being requested to be the editor of this new publication, two important books on the subject immediately came to mind, a famous classic by J. W. Bews on "The World's Grasses" (1929) and a new book "Grasses and Grasslands" edited by C. Barnard (1964). At the same time, the Inter national Biological Program had begun, and I became responsible for the Japanese Grassland Project under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Education. I personally conducted the field study and synthesis on Japanese semi-natural grasslands the results of which were published as "Ecological studies in Japanese Grasslands with Special Reference to the IBP Area-Productivity of Terrestrial Communities" (JIBP Synthesis Vol. 13, University of Tokyo Press, 1975). During this period, two books on grassland ecology were published in Japanese, and International Synthesis Volumes are in preparation for publication by the Cambridge University Press, including two volumes on grasslands. In relation to grassland productivity studies, I attended the Second Meeting of the PT Grassland Working Group of IBP held at Saskatoon and Matador, Canada, in 1969 (the proceedings entitled "Grassland Ecosystems· Reviews of Research" edited by R. T. Coupland and G. M. Van Dyne, 1970), and a synthesis meeting at Fort Collins, Colorado, U. S. A. in 1972.

California Grasses and Grasslands

Author: Arthur Sampson,Agnes Chase,Donald W. Hedrick
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781546707479
Page: 132
View: 5375
California Grasses and Grasslands, first published in 1951 as California Grasslands and Range Forage Grasses by the California Agricultural Experiment Station, is a classic guide for identifying the important grass species in the state, plus provides an in-depth look at the ecology and management of each species. Included are numerous line-drawings, plus identification keys, a glossary, and a checklist to the state's more than 400 grass species. Introductory chapters describe the various grass-dominated habitats of California and discuss their status and management. Although slightly dated in terms of taxonomic nomenclature, users of this guide will be able to correctly identify most of California's important grasses, plus learn more about the various grassland types found in the state. Authors Arthur Sampson, Agnes Chase, and Donald Hedrick were noted experts in the field of grass identification and grassland ecology and management.

Grasslands of northeastern North America

ecology and conservation of native and agricultural landscapes
Author: Peter D. Vickery,Peter Dunwiddie
Publisher: Massachusetts Audubon Society
Category: Nature
Page: 297
View: 4050

Grassland Ecology and Wildlife Management

Author: Eric Duffey
Publisher: Halsted Press
Category: Faune - Aménagement
Page: 281
View: 429
Grassland and their history; Classification of grassland communities in Britain; Grassland and scrub as ecological systems; The grassland ecosystem: botanical characteristic and conservation interest; Zoological characteristics and interest of the grassland ecosystem; Ecological characteristics and classification of scrub communities; Some concepts of grassland management; Management and grazing; Management and mowing; The use of fire, fertilizers and herbicides in management; The management of scrub; The recording and measurement of management methods.

Grassland Ecophysiology and Grazing Ecology

Author: Gilles Lemaire,J. Hodgson,A. Moraes,P. C. F. Carvalho,C. Nabinger
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851999401
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 8027
This text presents edited key papers from the International Symposium on Grassland Ecophyisiology and Grazing Ecology held in Curitiba, Brazil in August 1999. It considers how plants within grasslands respond to and are adapted to grazing animals.

Grasslands and Grassland Sciences in Northern China

Author: N.A
Publisher: National Academies
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 214
View: 4673
This volume describes one of the most extensive grassland ecosystems and the efforts of Chinese scientists to understand it. Leading Chinese scientists attribute the decline in China's grasslands to overgrazing and excessive cultivation of marginal areas and discuss measures to limit the damage. The book gives its view on the Chinese approach to the study of grasslands and the relevance of this activity in China to global scientific concerns.

East Africa’s grasses and fodders: Their ecology and husbandry

Author: G. Boonman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792318675
Category: Nature
Page: 343
View: 591
This book is based on more than 1000 references to English and French articles produced in the region over many decades. A comprehensive review of the achievements in farming and research in both wet and dryland is given, related to the grasslands of: Eastern Africa, extending from Malawi to Eritrea, including Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia, Zambia, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan and eastern Zaire. Sown grasses, within the time-proven system of mixed-farming based on crop-grass rotations. Fodders, e.g. Elephant grass, dryland-Sorghum, lucerne, Leucaena, tropical legumes and hay.£/LIST£ The main objectives of the book are to illustrate the value of East African grasses and fodders for: Livestock: East Africa is the gene-centre of the world's most famous cultivated tropical grasses capable of achieving high animal performance, also without fertilizer. Soil fertility maintenance: local farmers pioneered the practice of grass fallows with Elephant grass to restore soil fertility. This was later extended to sown grasses to accelerate the restoration process. Crop yields are doubled following pasture. Environmental protection: priority in natural grassland is to prevent deterioration. In crop-pasture rotations grasses are effective in trapping rainfall and in reducing erosion by improved soil structure. Topics discussed include animal manure versus fertilizer; zero versus direct grazing; fodder crops (annual and perennial) versus grass conservation; seed production and plant breeding. The main species in cultivation are described in detail.

Grassland Ecosystems of the World: Analysis of Grasslands and Their Uses

Author: R. T. Coupland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521218672
Category: Nature
Page: 401
View: 8343
Background; The nature of grassland; Problems in studying grassland ecosystems; Natural temperate grasslands; Semi-natural temperate meadows and pastures; Tropical grasslands; Arable grasslands; Croplands.

Flora of Australia

Author: Australian Biological Resources Study
ISBN: 9780643068025
Category: Science
Page: 406
View: 1672
An introduction to the Poaceae (grasses). Essays review Australian research on phylogeny, classification, anatomy, physiology, ecology, palaeobotany, and biogeography of Australian grasses. There is also a detailed synopsis of the economic attributes of grasses on a genus by genus basis.

Grassland Ecology and Classification Symposium Proceedings

Author: Alison C. Nicholson,Alastair McLean,Ted Edgar Baker
Publisher: Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests
Category: Botany
Page: 353
View: 9984

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Author: David Gibson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651230
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 5708
The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.

The Desert Grassland

Author: Mitchel P. McClaran,Thomas R. Van Devender
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816518234
Category: Science
Page: 346
View: 8205
The mixed grass and shrub vegetation known to scientists as desert grassland is common to the basins and valleys that skirt the mountain ranges throughout southwestern North America, extending from Arizona, New Mexico and Texas down through thirteen Mexican states. This variegated ground cover is crucial to life in an arid environment. The Desert Grassland offers the most comprehensive study to date of these flora and the rich biotic communities they support.Leading experts in geography, biology, botany, zoology, and geoscience present new research on the desert grassland and review a vast amount of earlier work. They reveal that present-day grasses once grew in the ice-age forests that existed in these areas before the climate dried and the trees vanished and how the intensity and frequency of fire can influence the plant and animal species of the grassland. They also document how the influence of humans--from Amerindians to contemporary ranchers, public land managers, and real estate developers--has changed the relative abundance of woody and herbaceous species and how the introduction of new plants and domesticated animals to the area has also affected biodiversity. The book concludes with a review of the attempts, both failed and successful, to reestablish plants in desert grasslands affected by overgrazing, drought, and farm abandonment.Meticulously researched and copiously illustrated, The Desert Grassland is a major contribution to ecological literature. For advanced lay readers as well as students and scholars of history, geography, and ecology, it will be a standard reference work for years to come.

Lowland Grassland and Heathland Habitats

Author: Elizabeth Price
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134661266
Category: Science
Page: 268
View: 1142
Grasslands are everywhere: agricultural land, playing fields and road verges; but while species-poor, intensively managed grasslands are widespread, colourful semi-natural grasslands and heathlands, buzzing with life, are scarce. These semi-natural habitats are ancient, cultural landscapes, which are of considerable, if not international importance for biodiversity. However, despite targets for the conservation and restoration of these valuable grasslands and heathlands, these habitats continue to decline before our eyes. Lowland Grassland and Heathland Habitats contrasts the uniformity of intensively managed grassland with the diversity of traditionally managed grasslands and heathlands. It examines topics of concern to the ecologist or habitat manager such as causes of the loss and deterioration of these habitats, including inappropriate management, eutrophication and climate change. It then evaluates opportunities for positive change, such as conservation, restoration and creation. A series of case-studies illustrates the pressures on some lowland grassland and heathland habitat types and looks at ways to enhance them for biodiversity. This habitat guide features illustrated species boxes of typical plants and animals, as well as a full species list, a series of projects on the ecology of grassland and heathland species, a colour plate section, up-to-date references and information, and a full glossary. It will provide students and environmentalists with a deeper understanding of the nature and importance of lowland grasslands and heathlands.

Land of Sweeping Plains

Managing and Restoring the Native Grasslands of South-eastern Australia
Author: Adrian Marshall,Nicholas Williams,John Morgan
ISBN: 1486300839
Category: Science
Page: 472
View: 1103
Native temperate grasslands are Australia’s most threatened ecosystems. Grasslands have been eliminated from across much of their former extent and continue to be threatened by urban expansion, agricultural intensification, weed invasion and the uncertain impacts of climate change. Research, however, is showing us new ways to manage grasslands, and techniques for restoration are advancing. The importance of ongoing stewardship also means it is vital to develop new strategies to encourage a broader cross-section of society to understand and appreciate native grasslands and their ecology. Land of Sweeping Plains synthesises the scientific literature in a readily accessible manner and includes a wealth of practical experience held by policy makers, farmers, community activists and on-ground grassland managers. It aims to provide all involved in grassland management and restoration with the technical information necessary to conserve and enhance native grasslands. For readers without the responsibility of management, such as students and those interested in biodiversity conservation, it provides a detailed understanding of native grassland ecology, management challenges and solutions and, importantly, inspiration to engage with this critically endangered ecosystem. Practical, easy to read and richly illustrated, this book brings together the grassland knowledge of experts in ethnobotany, ecology, monitoring, planning, environmental psychology, community engagement, flora and fauna management, environmental restoration, agronomy, landscape architecture and urban design.

Forgotten Grasslands of the South

Natural History and Conservation
Author: Reed F. Noss
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 161091225X
Category: Nature
Page: 320
View: 1823
Forgotten Grasslands of the South is a literary and scientific case study of some of the biologically richest and most endangered ecosystems in North America. Eminent ecologist Reed Noss tells the story of how southern grasslands arose and persisted over time and addresses questions that are fundamental for conserving these vital yet poorly understood ecosystems. The author examines: the natural history of southern grasslands their origin and history (geologic, vegetation, and human) biological hotspots and endangered ecosystems physical determinants of grassland distribution, including ecology, soils, landform, and hydrology fire, herbivores, and ecological interactions. The final chapter presents a general conservation strategy for southern grasslands, including prioritization, protection, restoration, and management. Also included are examples of ongoing restoration projects, along with a prognosis for the future. In addition to offering fascinating new information about these little-studied ecosystems, Noss demonstrates how natural history is central to the practice of conservation. Natural history has been on a declining trajectory for decades, as theory and experimentation have dominated the field of ecology. Ecologists are coming to realize that these divergent approaches are in fact complementary, and that pursuing them together can bring greater knowledge and understanding of how the natural world works and how we can best conserve it. Forgotten Grasslands of the South explores the overarching importance of ecological processes in maintaining healthy ecosystems, and is the first book of its kind to apply natural history, in a modern, comprehensive sense, to the conservation of biodiversity across a broad region. It sets a new standard for scientific literature and is essential reading not only for those who study and work to conserve the grasslands of the South but also for everyone who is fascinated by the natural world.

Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services

Author: Gilles Lemaire
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9781845939007
Category: Electronic books
Page: 287
View: 5100
Grassland ecosystems are deeply affected by human activities and need appropriate management to optimise trade-offs between ecosystem functions and services. Until now they have mainly been analysed as agro-ecosystems for animal production but this book looks beyond the role of grassland as a feeding ground, and evaluates other important processes such as carbon sequestration in soils, greenhouse gas regulation and biodiversity protection. This authoritative volume expertly highlights the need for an immediate balance between agriculture and ecological management for sustainability in the futu.