Grasses and Grassland Ecology

Author: David J. Gibson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019852918X
Category: Science
Page: 305
View: 9230
Grasses and Grassland Ecology provides an ecologically orientated introduction to this influential group of plants, summarizing the most recent scientific research in ecology and agriculture in the context of the older, classic literature. Ten chapters cover the morphology, anatomy, physiology and systematics of grasses, their population, community and ecosystem ecology, their global distribution, and the effects of disturbanceand grassland management.

California Grasslands

Ecology and Management
Author: Mark R. Stromberg,Jeffrey D. Corbin,Carla Marie D'Antonio
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520252202
Category: Nature
Page: 390
View: 1817
"This highly synthetic and scholarly work brings together new and important scientific contributions by leading experts on a rich diversity of topics concerning the history, ecology, and conservation of California's endangered grasslands. The editors and authors have succeeded admirably in drawing from a great wealth of recent research to produce a widely accessible and compelling, state-of-the-art treatment of this fascinating subject. Anyone interested in Californian biodiversity or grassland ecosystems in general will find this book to be an invaluable resource and a major inspiration for further research, management, and restoration efforts."--Bruce G. Baldwin, W. L. Jepson Professor and Curator, UC Berkeley "Grasses and grasslands are among the most important elements of the California landscape. This is their book, embodying the kind of integrated view needed for all ecological communities in California. Approaches ranging across an incredibly broad spectrum -- paleontology and human history; basic science and practical management techniques; systematics, community ecology, physiology, and genetics; physical factors such as water, soil nutrients, atmospherics, and fire; biological factors such as competition, symbiosis, and grazing -- are nicely tied together due to careful editorial work. This is an indispensable reference for everyone interested in the California environment."--Brent Mishler, Director of the University & Jepson Herbaria and Professor of Integrative Biology, UC Berkeley "The structure and function of California grasslands have intrigued ecologists for decades. The editors of this volume have assembled a comprehensive set of reviews by a group of outstanding authors on the natural history, structure, management, and restoration of this economically and ecologically important ecosystem."--Scott L. Collins, Professor of Biology, University of New Mexico

Ecology of Grasslands and Bamboolands in the World

Author: M. Numata
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789400991873
Category: Science
Page: 294
View: 9060
In 1967 and again in 1970 and 1977 I consulted in Tokyo with Mrs. Schluter of VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, about the plan for a new book on the ecology of the world's grasslands and bamboolands. Upon being requested to be the editor of this new publication, two important books on the subject immediately came to mind, a famous classic by J. W. Bews on "The World's Grasses" (1929) and a new book "Grasses and Grasslands" edited by C. Barnard (1964). At the same time, the Inter national Biological Program had begun, and I became responsible for the Japanese Grassland Project under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Education. I personally conducted the field study and synthesis on Japanese semi-natural grasslands the results of which were published as "Ecological studies in Japanese Grasslands with Special Reference to the IBP Area-Productivity of Terrestrial Communities" (JIBP Synthesis Vol. 13, University of Tokyo Press, 1975). During this period, two books on grassland ecology were published in Japanese, and International Synthesis Volumes are in preparation for publication by the Cambridge University Press, including two volumes on grasslands. In relation to grassland productivity studies, I attended the Second Meeting of the PT Grassland Working Group of IBP held at Saskatoon and Matador, Canada, in 1969 (the proceedings entitled "Grassland Ecosystems· Reviews of Research" edited by R. T. Coupland and G. M. Van Dyne, 1970), and a synthesis meeting at Fort Collins, Colorado, U. S. A. in 1972.

Perspectives in Grassland Ecology

Results and Applications of the US/IBP Grassland Biome Study
Author: N.R. French
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461261821
Category: Science
Page: 204
View: 7515
This volume is a result of the summary and synthesis of data collected in the Grassland Biome Program, which is part of the American contribution to the International Biological Program (IBP). The purpose of this volume is to present a summary of quantitative ecological investigations of North American grass lands and to present a set of broad comparisons of their characteristics and functions as well as the results of some models and experiments that lead to practical considerations of the management of grasslands. Synthesis is a continuing activity in science. Early in the Grassland Biome Program there was a synthesis of literature data on grasslands, edited by R. L. Dix and R. G. Beidleman (1969). Results of the first year of field data collection under this program were synthesized in a volume edited by N. R. French (1971). Development of the large-scale model constructed to depict the processes and the dynamics of state variables in grassland ecosystems was presented by Innis (1978). Soon to appear will be two volumes integrating studies of American grasslands with IBP studies in other grasslands of the world (Coupland, in press) and the application of systems analysis to understanding grassland function and utilization (Breymeyer and Van Dyne, in press). The present volume presents current results and comparisons of field investigations and experimental studies that were conducted under this program.

Grasslands and Grassland Sciences in Northern China

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Office of International Affairs,Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030904684X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 230
View: 3248
This volume describes one of the most extensive grassland ecosystems and the efforts of Chinese scientists to understand it. Leading Chinese scientists attribute the decline in China's grasslands to overgrazing and excessive cultivation of marginal areas and discuss measures to limit the damage. The book gives its view on the Chinese approach to the study of grasslands and the relevance of this activity in China to global scientific concerns.

Grasslands and Climate Change

Author: David J. Gibson,Jonathan A. Newman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107195268
Category: Nature
Page: 372
View: 6876
A comprehensive assessment of the effects of climate change on global grasslands and the mitigating role that ecologists can play.

Flora of Australia

Author: Australian Biological Resources Study
ISBN: 9780643068025
Category: Science
Page: 406
View: 8822
An introduction to the Poaceae (grasses). Essays review Australian research on phylogeny, classification, anatomy, physiology, ecology, palaeobotany, and biogeography of Australian grasses. There is also a detailed synopsis of the economic attributes of grasses on a genus by genus basis.

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Author: David Gibson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651230
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 4768
The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.

Lowland Grassland and Heathland Habitats

Author: Elizabeth Price
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134661266
Category: Science
Page: 268
View: 1245
Grasslands are everywhere: agricultural land, playing fields and road verges; but while species-poor, intensively managed grasslands are widespread, colourful semi-natural grasslands and heathlands, buzzing with life, are scarce. These semi-natural habitats are ancient, cultural landscapes, which are of considerable, if not international importance for biodiversity. However, despite targets for the conservation and restoration of these valuable grasslands and heathlands, these habitats continue to decline before our eyes. Lowland Grassland and Heathland Habitats contrasts the uniformity of intensively managed grassland with the diversity of traditionally managed grasslands and heathlands. It examines topics of concern to the ecologist or habitat manager such as causes of the loss and deterioration of these habitats, including inappropriate management, eutrophication and climate change. It then evaluates opportunities for positive change, such as conservation, restoration and creation. A series of case-studies illustrates the pressures on some lowland grassland and heathland habitat types and looks at ways to enhance them for biodiversity. This habitat guide features illustrated species boxes of typical plants and animals, as well as a full species list, a series of projects on the ecology of grassland and heathland species, a colour plate section, up-to-date references and information, and a full glossary. It will provide students and environmentalists with a deeper understanding of the nature and importance of lowland grasslands and heathlands.

Grasslands of northeastern North America

ecology and conservation of native and agricultural landscapes
Author: Peter D. Vickery,Peter Dunwiddie
Publisher: Massachusetts Audubon Society
Category: Nature
Page: 297
View: 6207

Present Needs for Research on the Use and Care of Natural Resources

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Use and Care of Natural Resources
Publisher: National Academies
Category: Natural resources
Page: 35
View: 9640

Tropical Ecosystems and Ecological Concepts

Author: Patrick L. Osborne
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521645232
Category: Nature
Page: 464
View: 1708
An introductory textbook on tropical ecology, unique in its international scope and balanced coverage of both aquatic and terrestrial systems.

The Grasslands of the United States

An Environmental History
Author: James Earl Sherow
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851097201
Category: History
Page: 389
View: 3110
This unique survey of the environmental history of the grasslands in the United States explores the ecological, social, and economic networks enmeshing humans in this biome over the last 10,000 years. * 44 pages of original documents such as the Homestead Act (1862) and the Taylor Grazing Act (1934), Yellow Wolf's concerns with the disappearance of bison (1847), testimony of Kiowas as they sought to protect their reservation, to excerpts from Ron Arnold, one of the main advocates of the Wise Use Movement * Each chapter and case study comes complete with corresponding illustrations, maps, charts, or tables

Ecology and Conservation of Mountaintop grasslands in Brazil

Author: Geraldo Wilson Fernandes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319298089
Category: Nature
Page: 567
View: 846
This book is a pioneer attempt to bring forward the first synthesis on the most diverse and threatened mountain top vegetation of South America, the rupestrian grasslands. It brings to light the state of the art information on this ecosystem geology, soil formation and distribution, environmental filters that lead to biodiversity, species interactions and their fine tuned adaptations to survive the harsh mountain environment. The human dimensions of the rupestrian grassland are also addressed, including the anthropogenic threats that may irreversibly impact biodiversity and ecosystem services. The book also highlights the ongoing studies on ecological restoration and first attempt to model the impacts of climate change on its speciose biota.

Grassland Ecophysiology and Grazing Ecology

Author: Gilles Lemaire,J. Hodgson,A. Moraes,P. C. F. Carvalho,C. Nabinger
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851999401
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 611
This text presents edited key papers from the International Symposium on Grassland Ecophyisiology and Grazing Ecology held in Curitiba, Brazil in August 1999. It considers how plants within grasslands respond to and are adapted to grazing animals.

East Africa’s grasses and fodders: Their ecology and husbandry

Author: G. Boonman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792318675
Category: Nature
Page: 343
View: 8399
This book is based on more than 1000 references to English and French articles produced in the region over many decades. A comprehensive review of the achievements in farming and research in both wet and dryland is given, related to the grasslands of: Eastern Africa, extending from Malawi to Eritrea, including Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia, Zambia, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan and eastern Zaire. Sown grasses, within the time-proven system of mixed-farming based on crop-grass rotations. Fodders, e.g. Elephant grass, dryland-Sorghum, lucerne, Leucaena, tropical legumes and hay.£/LIST£ The main objectives of the book are to illustrate the value of East African grasses and fodders for: Livestock: East Africa is the gene-centre of the world's most famous cultivated tropical grasses capable of achieving high animal performance, also without fertilizer. Soil fertility maintenance: local farmers pioneered the practice of grass fallows with Elephant grass to restore soil fertility. This was later extended to sown grasses to accelerate the restoration process. Crop yields are doubled following pasture. Environmental protection: priority in natural grassland is to prevent deterioration. In crop-pasture rotations grasses are effective in trapping rainfall and in reducing erosion by improved soil structure. Topics discussed include animal manure versus fertilizer; zero versus direct grazing; fodder crops (annual and perennial) versus grass conservation; seed production and plant breeding. The main species in cultivation are described in detail.

Grassland Ecosystems of the World: Analysis of Grasslands and Their Uses

Author: R. T. Coupland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521218672
Category: Nature
Page: 401
View: 9394
Background; The nature of grassland; Problems in studying grassland ecosystems; Natural temperate grasslands; Semi-natural temperate meadows and pastures; Tropical grasslands; Arable grasslands; Croplands.

Ecology and Human Organization on the Great Plains

Author: Douglas B. Bamforth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489920617
Category: Social Science
Page: 218
View: 4493

The Historical Ecology Handbook

A Restorationist's Guide to Reference Ecosystems
Author: Dave Egan
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610913345
Category: Reference
Page: 488
View: 6571
The Historical Ecology Handbook makes essential connections between past and future ecosystems, bringing together leading experts to offer a much-needed introduction to the field of historical ecology and its practical application by on-the-ground restorationists. Chapters present individual techniques focusing on both culturally derived evidence and biological records, with each chapter offering essential background, tools, and resources needed for using the technique in a restoration effort. The book ends with four in-depth case studies that demonstrate how various combinations of techniques have been used in restoration projects. The Historical Ecology Handbook is a unique and groundbreaking guide to determining historic reference conditions of a landscape. It offers an invaluable compendium of tools and techniques, and will be essential reading for anyone working in the field of ecological restoration.