Guidelines for Implementing and Evaluating the Portuguese Drug Strategy


Author: Ineke Beusekom,Mirjam van het Loo,James P. Kahan
Publisher: Minnesota Historical Society
ISBN: 9780833032690
Category: Social Science
Page: 76
View: 6554
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This report analyzes Portugal's recently changed national drug strategy, develops recommendations for its implementation, and offers analysis for evaluating its effects. Portugal's strategy seeks to decriminalize possession and consumption of all drugs for personal use, reduce drug harm and risks, and offer prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation. The authors examine the history of Portugal's drug problem over the past 75 years in light of the existing literature on drugs and drug abuse.

New Approaches to Drug Policies

A Time For Change
Author: Jonathan D. Rosen,Marten W. Brienen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137450991
Category: Social Science
Page: 255
View: 4312
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The US-led war on drugs has failed: drugs remain purer, cheaper and more readily available than ever. Extreme levels of violence have also grown as drug traffickers and organized criminals compete for control of territory. This book points towards a number of crucial challenges, policy solutions and alternatives to the current drug strategies.

The Drug Paradox

An Introduction to the Sociology of Psychoactive Substances in Canada
Author: Tara L. Bruno,Rick Csiernik
Publisher: Canadian Scholars
ISBN: 1773380524
Category: Social Science
Page: 330
View: 4391
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Why are some drugs considered socially acceptable while others are demonized? What makes these definitions so widespread? Who benefits from these conceptualizations? The Drug Paradox examines both the empirically founded and the socially constructed facets of drugs and drug use, highlighting the incongruous aspects of laws, policies, and programming that aim to address behaviours around drugs. The authors explore this paradox, arguing that Canada’s punitive approach to addressing drug use continues to exist alongside harm-reduction strategies and that these competing approaches ultimately impede Canada’s ability to deal effectively with substance misuse. Using a policy-oriented approach while also emphasizing the utility of a multifaceted biopsychosocial model, this text provides students with a foundation in the sociology of psychoactive substances in the Canadian context. It covers a broad range of issues—models of addiction, the history of Canada’s drug laws, media representation, government responses to substance use, and international perspectives on drug policy—and addresses various research areas that are important for students to consider when trying to make sense of the competing discourses on drugs in society. The Drug Paradox is ideal for use in sociology courses on drugs and drug use and will also appeal to those focusing on drug use from a criminology, public health, or policy perspective.

Selected Rand Abstracts


Author: Rand Corporation
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Abstracts
Page: N.A
View: 4198
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Includes publications previously listed in the supplements to the Index of selected publications of the Rand Corporation (Oct. 1962-Feb. 1963).

Social Work in Europe


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Human services
Page: N.A
View: 5585
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The Legal Framework of Police Powers


Author: Leonard Jason-Lloyd
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136312420
Category: Political Science
Page: 96
View: 5848
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The study of police powers forms a significant part of many law courses. This book should prove helpful to a wide readership, including new members of the police service, and those studying civil liberties and constitutional law.

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic

Balancing Societal and Individual Benefits and Risks of Prescription Opioid Use
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309459540
Category: Medical
Page: 482
View: 311
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Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Guidelines for the Programmatic Management of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis


Author: Stop TB Initiative (World Health Organization)
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241547588
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 247
View: 6662
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The emergence of extensively drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis, especially in countries with a high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, is a serious threat to global public health and jeopardizes efforts to effectively control the disease. This publication offers updated recommendations for the diagnosis and management of drug-resistant tuberculosis in a variety of geographical, economic and social settings, and the recording of data that enables the monitoring and evaluation of programs.--Publisher's description.

The DAC Guidelines Strengthening Trade Capacity for Development


Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264194754
Category:
Page: 76
View: 1436
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These Guidelines help developing countries enhance their capacity to trade and participate more effectively in the international rule-making and institutional mechanisms that shape the global trading system. They also provide a common reference point for the trade, aid and finance comunities.

Drug War Heresies

Learning from Other Vices, Times, and Places
Author: Robert J. MacCoun,Peter Reuter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521799973
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 479
View: 1360
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This book provides the first multidisciplinary and nonpartisan analysis of how the United States should decide on the legal status of cocaine, heroin and marijuana. It draws on data about the experiences of Western European nations with less punitive drug policies as well as new analyses of America's experience with legal cocaine and heroin a century ago, and of America's efforts to regulate gambling, prostitution, alcohol and cigarettes. It offers projections on the likely consequences of a number of different legalization regimes and shows that the choice about how to regulate drugs involves complicated tradeoffs among goals and conflict among social groups. The book presents a sophisticated discussion of how society should deal with the uncertainty about the consequences of legal change. Finally, it explains, in terms of individual attitudes toward risk, why it is so difficult to accomplish substantial reform of drug policy in America.

Schools

School-based Education for Drug Abuse Prevention
Author: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211481914
Category: Psychology
Page: 82
View: 5531
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"This publication does not offer a pre-packaged programme of education for drug abuse prevention that can be picked up and implemented. It is rather an attempt to provide a conceptual basis upon which teachers, policy makers and school administrators can make decisions about school based drug prevention programmes in order to achieve greater success in education terms" -- p. 6.

Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2007


Author: United Nations
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211482249
Category: Political Science
Page: 140
View: 6124
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This publication provides analysis of recent trends and statistics for estimated requirements and actual movements of narcotic drugs. Data is provided for specific groups of drugs and countries. This trilingual publication is in English, French and Spanish.

Drug Policy and the Public Good


Author: Thomas Babor,Jonathan Caulkins,Benedikt Fischer,David Foxcroft,Keith Humphreys,María Elena Medina-Mora,Isidore Obot,Jürgen Rehm,Peter Reuter,Robin Room,Ingeborg Rossow,John Strang
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192550276
Category: Medical
Page: 400
View: 6140
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Illegal psychoactive substances and illicit prescription drugs are currently used on a daily basis all over the world. Affecting public health and social welfare, illicit drug use is linked to disease, disability, and social problems. Faced with an increase in usage, national and global policymakers are turning to addiction science for guidance on how to create evidence-based drug policy. Drug Policy and the Public Good is an objective analytical basis on which to build global drug policies. It presents the accumulated scientific knowledge on drug use in relation to policy development on a national and international level. By also revealing new epidemiological data on the global dimensions of drug misuse, it questions existing regulations and highlights the growing need for evidence-based, realistic, and coordinated drug policy. A critical review of cumulative scientific evidence, Drug Policy and the Public Good discusses four areas of drug policy; primary prevention programs in schools and other settings; supply reduction programs, including legal enforcement and drug interdiction; treatment interventions and harm reduction approaches; and control of the legal market through prescription drug regimes. In addition, it analyses the current state of global drug policy, and advocates improvements in the drafting of public health policy. Drug Policy and the Public Good is a global source of information and inspiration for policymakers involved in public health and social welfare. Presenting new research on illicit and prescription drug use, it is also an essential tool for academics, and a significant contribution to the translation of addiction research into effective drug policy.

The Legalization of Drugs


Author: Doug Husak,Peter de Marneffe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139445855
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 897
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In the United States today, the use or possession of many drugs is a criminal offense. Can these criminal laws be justified? What are the best reasons to punish or not to punish drug users? These are the fundamental issues debated in this book by two prominent philosophers of law. Douglas Husak argues in favor of drug decriminalization, by clarifying the meaning of crucial terms, such as legalize, decriminalize, and drugs; and by identifying the standards by which alternative drug policies should be assessed. He critically examines the reasons typically offered in favor of our current approach and explains why decriminalization is preferable. Peter de Marneffe argues against drug legalization, demonstrating why drug prohibition, especially the prohibition of heroin, is necessary to protect young people from self-destructive drug use. If the empirical assumptions of this argument are sound, he reasons, drug prohibition is perfectly compatible with our rights to liberty.

Making Choices in Health

WHO Guide to Cost-effectiveness Analysis
Author: Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer,World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241546010
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 318
View: 7174
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This guide provides information on the concepts involved in using cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) to evaluate the costs and health effects of specific health policy interventions, taking into account the efficiency of current and proposed interventions and seeking to maximise the transferability of cost estimates across settings. Issues discussed include: a brief description of this 'generalized CEA' approach and its methodological differences to more traditional methods, study design, cost estimation, discounting, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, and results reporting. The second part of the publication contains a series of papers on selected technical issues and applications, originally published in journals.

International Medical Guide for Ships

Including the Ship's Medicine Chest
Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241542319
Category: Accidents
Page: 368
View: 6552
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Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

Guidelines for Investigation and Control
Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241547227
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 146
View: 3961
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"These guidelines have been written for public health practitioners, food and health inspectors, district and national medical officers, laboratory personnel and others who may undertake or participate in the investigation and control of foodborne disease outbreaks."--P. 4 of cover.

The EU drugs strategy

26th report of session 2010-12, report
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee,Stationery Office (U.k.)
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108475665
Category: Law
Page: 58
View: 1571
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In 2008, an estimated 34billion euros was spent on the drugs problem in the EU. Much more needs to be done - and must be done - in the battle against the EU's drugs problem. The EU must be more effective in its fight against drugs trafficking, and should call on Member States to be more ready to learn from each other's experiences and to encourage cross-border dialogue between their local governments and cities. Following a six month-long inquiry, the Committee agree that the Member States should, as now, retain responsibility for their own drugs policies. They recommend that the new EU Strategy should concentrate on three key areas. Firstly, co-ordination, through Europol, of the fight against drug trafficking ensuring that any new measures actually reduce the supply of drugs and do not merely move trafficking elsewhere. Secondly, improvement of the collection, analysis, evaluation and distribution of information by the European Monitoring Centre. Thirdly, reliance on the EU's public health obligations and use of public health duties to encourage Member States to devote more resources to harm reduction and to engage in dispassionate and evidence-based discussions on how best to treat the possession and use of drugs. The Committee believes that the creation of a new drugs strategy, lasting until 2020, should provide the perfect platform for a wider and better informed public debate on different Member States' policies and approaches

Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria. Third Edition


Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241549122
Category: Medical
Page: 313
View: 8126
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Malaria remains an important cause of illness and death in children and adults in countries in which it is endemic. Malaria control requires an integrated approach including prevention (primarily vector control) and prompt treatment with effective antimalarial agents. Malaria case management consisting of prompt diagnosis and effective treatment remains a vital component of malaria control and elimination strategies. Since the publication of the first edition of the Guidelines for the treatment of malaria in 2006 and the second edition in 2010 all countries in which P. falciparum malaria is endemic have progressively updated their treatment policy from use of ineffective monotherapy to the currently recommended artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT). This has contributed substantially to current reductions in global morbidity and mortality from malaria. Unfortunately resistance to artemisinins has arisen recently in P. falciparum in South-East Asia which threatens these gains. This third edition of the WHO Guidelines for the treatment of malaria contains updated recommendations based on a firmer evidence base for most antimalarial drugs and in addition include recommendation on the use of drugs to prevent malaria in groups at high risk. The Guidelines provide a framework for designing specific detailed national treatment protocols taking into account local patterns of resistance to antimalarial drugs and health service capacity. It provides recommendations on treatment of uncomplicated and severe malaria in all age groups all endemic areas in special populations and several complex situations. In addition on the use of antimalarial drugs as preventive therapy in healthy people living in malaria-endemic areas who are high risk in order to reduce morbidity and mortality from malaria. The Guidelines are designed primarily for policy-makers in ministries of health who formulate country-specific treatment guidelines. Other groups that may find them useful include health professionals and public health and policy specialists that are partners in health or malaria control and the pharmaceutical industry. The treatment recommendations in the main document are brief; for those who wish to study the evidence base in more detail a series of annexes is provided with references to the appropriate sections of the main document.

Night Noise Guidelines for Europe


Author: Who Regional Office for Europe
Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe
ISBN: 9289041730
Category: Medical
Page: 162
View: 7912
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Environmental noise is a threat to public health, having negative impacts on human health and wellbeing. This book reviews the health effects of night time noise exposure, examines dose-effects relations, and presents interim and ultimate guideline values of night noise exposure. It offers guidance to the policy-makers in reducing the health impacts of night noise, based on expert evaluation of scientific evidence in Europe.The review of scientific evidence and the derivation of guideline values were conducted by outstanding scientists. The contents of the document were peer-reviewed and discussed for a consensus among the experts and the stakeholders. We are thankful for those who contributed to the development and presentation of this guidelines and believe that this work will contribute to improving the health of the people in the Region.