Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118948718
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 8462
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The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA)practitioners. It explains the onion skin modeland in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the needfor non-safety instrumented independent protection layers. Itprovides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs)that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS). Using theLOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for riskreductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e.administrative procedures, equipment design, etc. Itaddresses issues such as how to ensure the effectiveness andmaintain reliability for administrative controls or“inherently safer, passive” concepts. This book will address how the fields of Human ReliabilityAnalysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Inherent Safety, Audits andAssessments, Maintenance, and Emergency Response relate to LOPA andSIS. The book will separate IPL’s into categories such as thefollowing: Inherent Safety eliminates a scenario or fundamentally reduces a hazard Preventive/Proactive prevents initiating event from occurring such as enhancedmaintenance Preventive/Active stops chain of events after initiating event occurs but beforean incident has occurred such as high level in a tank shutting offthe pump. Mitigation (active or passive) minimizes impact once an incident has occurred such as closingblock valves once LEL is detected in the dike (active) or the dikepreventing contamination of groundwater (passive).

Layer of Protection Analysis

Simplified Process Risk Assessment
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111821627X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 292
View: 2359
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Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a recently developed, simplified method of risk assessment that provides the much-needed middle ground between a qualitative process hazard analysis and a traditional, expensive quantitative risk analysis. Beginning with an identified accident scenario, LOPA uses simplifying rules to evaluate initiating event frequency, independent layers of protection, and consequences to provide an order-of-magnitude estimate of risk. LOPA has also proven an excellent approach for determining the safety integrity level necessary for an instrumented safety system, an approach endorsed in instrument standards, such as ISA S84 and IEC 61511. Written by industry experts in LOPA, this pioneering book provides all the necessary information to undertake and complete a Layer of Protection Analysis during any stage in a processes' life cycle. Loaded with tables, charts, and examples, this book is invaluable to technical experts involved with ensuring the safety of a process. Because of its simplified, quicker risk assessment approach, LOPA is destined to become a widely used technique. Join other major companies and start your LOPA efforts now by purchasing this book.

Guidelines for Enabling Conditions and Conditional Modifiers in Layer of Protection Analysis


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111877793X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 136
View: 432
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The initial Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) book published in 2001 set the rules and approaches for using LOPA as an intermediate method between purely qualitative hazards evaluation/analysis and more quantitative analysis methods. Basic LOPA provides an order-of-magnitude risk estimate of risk with fairly reproducible results. LOPA results are considered critical in determining safety integrity level for design of safety instrumented systems. This guideline clarifies key concepts and reinforces the limitations and the requirements of LOPA. The main scope of the guideline is to provide examples of CMs and ECs and to provide concrete guidance on the protocols that must be followed to use these concepts. The book presents a brief overview of Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) and its variations, and summarizes terminology used for evaluating scenarios in the context of a typical incident sequence. It defines and illustrates the most common types of ECs and CMs and shows how they interrelate to risk criteria as well as their application to other methods.

Guidelines for Integrating Process Safety into Engineering Projects


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118795040
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 1419
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There is much industry guidance on implementing engineering projects and a similar amount of guidance on Process Safety Management (PSM). However, there is a gap in transferring the key deliverables from the engineering group to the operations group, where PSM is implemented. This book provides the engineering and process safety deliverables for each project phase along with the impacts to the project budget, timeline and the safety and operability of the delivered equipment.

Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119010160
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 9846
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8.2.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 1 -- 8.2.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 1 -- 8.3 Example 2 -- 8.3.1 Process Description 2 -- 8.3.2 Traditional DHA -- 8.3.3 Risk-based DHA -- 8.3.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 2 -- 8.4 Example 3 -- 8.4.1 Process Description - Example 3 -- 8.4.2 Traditional DHA - Example 3 -- 8.4.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 3 -- 8.5 Summary -- 8.6 References -- Appendix A Regulations and Codes -- A.1 Regulations -- A.1.1 U.S. -- A.1.2 International -- A.2 Codes -- References -- Appendix B Additional Resources -- B.1 Books -- B.2 U.S. Chemical Safety Board Reports -- B.3 Journal Articles -- B.4 Other -- Appendix C Data for Risk-based DHA -- C.1 Probability Assessment of Process Unit Fire or Dust Explosion -- C.1.1 Initiating Event Frequencies -- C.1.2 Ignition Probabilities -- C.1.3 Protection Layer PFDs -- C.2 References -- Appendix D Good Practices -- D.1 Self Assessment -- D.2 Housekeeping -- D.2.1 Combustible Dust Housekeeping Inspection Checklist -- D.3 Explosion Protection Methods -- Appendix E DHA Roadmap -- Notes for Figure E.1 -- INDEX -- EULA

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 2813
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

UML 2 und Patterns angewendet - objektorientierte Softwareentwicklung


Author: Craig Larman
Publisher: mitp Verlags GmbH & Co. KG
ISBN: 9783826614538
Category:
Page: 716
View: 9271
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Dieses Lehrbuch des international bekannten Autors und Software-Entwicklers Craig Larman ist ein Standardwerk zur objektorientierten Analyse und Design unter Verwendung von UML 2.0 und Patterns. Das Buch zeichnet sich insbesondere durch die Fahigkeit des Autors aus, komplexe Sachverhalte anschaulich und praxisnah darzustellen. Es vermittelt grundlegende OOA/D-Fertigkeiten und bietet umfassende Erlauterungen zur iterativen Entwicklung und zum Unified Process (UP). Anschliessend werden zwei Fallstudien vorgestellt, anhand derer die einzelnen Analyse- und Designprozesse des UP in Form einer Inception-, Elaboration- und Construction-Phase durchgespielt werden

3D and 4D Printing in Biomedical Applications

Process Engineering and Additive Manufacturing
Author: Mohammed Maniruzzaman
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 3527344438
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 4752
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MES - Manufacturing Execution System

Moderne Informationstechnologie unterstützt die Wertschöpfung
Author: Jürgen Kletti
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662469022
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 288
View: 3342
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Mit der Veränderung der klassischen Fabrik von einer Produktionsstätte zu einem modernen Dienstleistungszentrum ergeben sich neue Herausforderungen: Wirtschaftlichkeit der modernen Wertschöpfung ist keine Eigenschaft der Produkte, sondern des Prozesses. Komplexe Prozesse benötigen eine ganzheitliche Unterstützung durch moderne und flexible IT-Systeme. Neben einer grundsätzlichen Einführung in das Thema beschreibt das Buch die Struktur eines Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES). Dem Leser wird ein umfassender Überblick über die Leistungsfähigkeit und die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten eines Manufacturing Execution Systems vermittelt und er erhält einen Einblick in zukünftige Produktionsszenarien unter Industrie 4.0. Der Leser lernt die Motivation hinter einem MES-System kennen und erfährt, wie die einzelnen Anwendungen ineinander greifen. Auch die technische Realisierung eines MES wird ausführlich erläutert. Hierfür werden Szenarien aus der Praxis aufgezeigt. In einem eigenen Kapitel werden die spezifischen Anforderungen bestimmter Branchen an ein MES erörtert und ein praktikabler Lösungsweg aufgezeigt. Anhand einer umfangreichen Checkliste kann der Leser jedes beliebige MES-System dahingehend prüfen, ob es für den individuellen Einsatz im eigenen Unternehmen geeignet ist.

Win-Win: A Manager's Guide to Functional Safety


Author: N.A
Publisher: exida
ISBN: 0972723471
Category:
Page: 119
View: 3903
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Moderne Betriebssysteme


Author: Andrew S. Tanenbaum
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827373427
Category: Betriebssystem
Page: 1239
View: 2235
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Das UML-Benutzerhandbuch

aktuell zur Version 2.0
Author: Grady Booch,James Rumbaugh,Ivar Jacobson
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827322951
Category:
Page: 543
View: 8383
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International Conference and Workshop on Risk Analysis in Process Safety

October 21-24, 1997, Atlanta Airport Marriott Hotel, Atlanta, Georgia
Author: N.A
Publisher: Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 806
View: 1516
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Comprises papers from a conference, held in October 1997, and co-sponsored by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), UK Health and Safety Executive, and European Federation of Chemical Engineering. The text concentrates on the current state of risk assessment as perceived from a broad selection of industry and regulatory viewpoints, and introduces discussion of the recent USEPA Risk Management Program interpretation tools.

Chemical Engineering Progress


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Chemistry, Technical
Page: N.A
View: 725
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Risk and reliability and evaluation of components and machinery

presented at the 2004 ASME/JSME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference : San Diego, California, USA, July 25-29, 2004
Author: L. I. Ezekoye,J. Farquharson,B. O. Al-Bedoor,Lily Sweet,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
Publisher: Amer Society of Mechanical
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 214
View: 369
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Guidelines for safe automation of chemical processes


Author: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety
Publisher: Wiley-AIChE
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 424
View: 2663
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Increased automation reduces the potential for operator error, but introduces the possibility of new types of errors in design and maintenance. This book provides designers and operators of chemical process facilities with a general philosophy and approach to safe automation, including independent layers of safety.

Projektmanagement

Fallstudien
Author: Harold Kerzner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783826614477
Category: Project management
Page: 533
View: 6476
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Guidelines for Safe and Reliable Instrumented Protective Systems


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118209699
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 430
View: 7612
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This book explains the decision-making processes for the management of instrumented protective systems (IPS) throughout a project's life cycle. It uses the new IEC 61511 standard as a basis for the work processes used to achieve safe and reliable process operation. By walking the reader through a project's life cycle, engineering, maintenance, and operations, the information allows users to easily focus on their responsibilities and duties. Using this approach, the book is useful as a primer, guidelines reference, and resource manual. Examples provide the added "real-world" experience applications.

Chemical Process Safety

Fundamentals with Applications
Author: Daniel A. Crowl,Joseph F. Louvar
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0132901048
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 720
View: 2789
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The Leading Guide To Process Safety Now Extensively Updated For Today’s Processes And Systems As chemical processes have grown more complex, so have the safety systems required to prevent accidents. Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition, offers students and practitioners a more fundamental understanding of safety and the application required to safely design and manage today’s sophisticated processes. The third edition continues the definitive standard of the previous editions. The content has been extensively updated to today’s techniques and procedures, and two new chapters have been added. A new chapter on chemical reactivity provides the information necessary to identify, characterize, control, and manage reactive chemical hazards. A new chapter on safety procedures and designs includes new content on safely management, and specific procedures including hot work permits, lock-tag-try, and vessel entry. Subjects Include Inherently safer design Toxicology and industrial hygiene Toxic release and dispersion models Fires and explosions, and how to prevent them Reliefs and relief sizing Hazard identification Risk assessment Safe designs and procedures Case histories Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition, is an ideal reference for professionals. It can be used for both graduate and undergraduate instruction. This edition contains more than 480 end-of-chapter problems. A solutions manual is available for instructors.