Handbook of Applied System Science


Author: Zachary P. Neal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317607074
Category: Social Science
Page: 640
View: 6396
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The Handbook of Applied System Science is organized around both methodological approaches in systems science, and the substantive topic to which these approaches have been applied. The volume begins with an essay that introduces three system science methods: agent-based modeling, system dynamics, and network analysis. The remainder of the volume is organized around three broad topics: (1) health and human development, (2) environment and sustainability, and (3) communities and social change. Each part begins with a brief introductory essay, and includes nine chapters that demonstrate the application of system science methods to address research questions in these areas. This handbook will be useful for work in Public Health, Sociology, Criminal Justice, Social Work, Political Science, Environmental Studies, Urban Studies, and Psychology.

Handbook of Network and System Administration


Author: Jan Bergstra,Mark Burgess
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080553580
Category: Computers
Page: 1028
View: 3912
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System administration is about the design, running and maintenance of human-computer systems. Examples of human-computer systems include business enterprises, service institutions and any extensive machinery that is operated by, or interacts with human beings. System administration is often thought of as the technological side of a system: the architecture, construction and optimization of the collaborating parts, but it also occasionally touches on softer factors such as user assistance (help desks), ethical considerations in deploying a system, and the larger implications of its design for others who come into contact with it. This book summarizes the state of research and practice in this emerging field of network and system administration, in an anthology of chapters written by the top academics in the field. The authors include members of the IST-EMANICS Network of Excellence in Network Management. This book will be a valuable reference work for researchers and senior system managers wanting to understand the essentials of system administration, whether in practical application of a data center or in the design of new systems and data centers. - Covers data center planning and design - Discusses configuration management - Illustrates business modeling and system administration - Provides the latest theoretical developments

Handbook of Research on Applied Cybernetics and Systems Science


Author: Saha, Snehanshu,Mandal, Abhyuday,Narasimhamurthy, Anand,V, Sarasvathi,Sangam, Shivappa
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522524991
Category: Computers
Page: 463
View: 767
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In the digital era, novel applications and techniques in the realm of computer science are increasing constantly. These innovations have led to new techniques and developments in the field of cybernetics. The Handbook of Research on Applied Cybernetics and Systems Science is an authoritative reference publication for the latest scholarly information on complex concepts of more adaptive and self-regulating systems. Featuring exhaustive coverage on a variety of topics such as infectious disease modeling, clinical imaging, and computational modeling, this publication is an ideal source for researchers and students in the field of computer science seeking emerging trends in computer science and computational mathematics.

Handbook of Research on Science Education


Author: Michael Talbot-Smith,Sandra K. Abell,Ken Appleton,Deborah L. Hanuscin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136781218
Category: Education
Page: 1344
View: 814
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This state-of-the art research Handbook provides a comprehensive, coherent, current synthesis of the empirical and theoretical research concerning teaching and learning in science and lays down a foundation upon which future research can be built. The contributors, all leading experts in their research areas, represent the international and gender diversity that exists in the science education research community. As a whole, the Handbook of Research on Science Education demonstrates that science education is alive and well and illustrates its vitality. It is an essential resource for the entire science education community, including veteran and emerging researchers, university faculty, graduate students, practitioners in the schools, and science education professionals outside of universities. The National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) endorses the Handbook of Research on Science Education as an important and valuable synthesis of the current knowledge in the field of science education by leading individuals in the field. For more information on NARST, please visit: http://www.narst.org/.

Handbook of Real-Time and Embedded Systems


Author: Insup Lee,Joseph Y-T. Leung,Sang H. Son
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420011746
Category: Computers
Page: 800
View: 2616
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Real-time and embedded systems are essential to our lives, from controlling car engines and regulating traffic lights to monitoring plane takeoffs and landings to providing up-to-the-minute stock quotes. Bringing together researchers from both academia and industry, the Handbook of Real-Time and Embedded Systems provides comprehensive coverage of the most advanced and timely topics in the field. The book focuses on several major areas of real-time and embedded systems. It examines real-time scheduling and resource management issues and explores the programming languages, paradigms, operating systems, and middleware for these systems. The handbook also presents challenges encountered in wireless sensor networks and offers ways to solve these problems. It addresses key matters associated with real-time data services and reviews the formalisms, methods, and tools used in real-time and embedded systems. In addition, the book considers how these systems are applied in various fields, including adaptive cruise control in the automobile industry. With its essential material and integration of theory and practice, the Handbook of Real-Time and Embedded Systems facilitates advancements in this area so that the services we rely on can continue to operate successfully.

Routledge Handbook of World-Systems Analysis


Author: Salvatore J. Babones,Christopher K. Chase-Dunn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 041556364X
Category: Social Science
Page: 535
View: 7066
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This volume reviews the state of the field of world-systems analysis. World-systems analysts study the structure of the relationships among people, organisations, and states and how those relationships change over time.

Handbook of Service Science


Author: Paul P. Maglio,Cheryl A. Kieliszewski,James C. Spohrer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441916280
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 758
View: 3413
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As the service sector expands into the global economy, a new science of service is emerging, one that is dedicated to encouraging service innovation by applying scientific understanding, engineering discipline, and management practice to designing, improving, and scaling service systems. Handbook of Service Science takes the first major steps to clarifying the definition, role, and future of this nascent field. Incorporating work by scholars from across the spectrum of service research, the volume presents multidisciplinary perspectives on the nature and theory of service, on current research and practice in design, operations, delivery, and innovation of service, and on future opportunities and potential of service research. Handbook of Service Science provides a comprehensive reference suitable for a wide-reaching audience including researchers, practitioners, managers, and students who aspire to learn about or to create a deeper scientific foundation for service design and engineering, service experience and marketing, and service management and innovation.

Living Machines

A Handbook of Research in Biomimetics and Biohybrid Systems
Author: Tony J. Prescott,Nathan Lepora,Paul F. M. J. Verschure
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199674922
Category: Medical
Page: 656
View: 6325
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Contemporary research in the field of robotics attempts to harness the versatility and sustainability of living organisms. By exploiting those natural principles, scientists hope to render a renewable, adaptable, and robust class of technology that can facilitate self-repairing, social, and moral--even conscious--machines. This is the realm of robotics that scientists call "the living machine." Living Machines can be divided into two entities-biomimetic systems, those that harness the principles discovered in nature and embody them in new artifacts, and biohybrid systems, which couple biological entities with synthetic ones. Living Machines: A handbook of research in biomimetic and biohybrid systems surveys this flourishing area of research. It captures the current state of play and points to the opportunities ahead, addressing such fields as self-organization and co-operativity, biologically-inspired active materials, self-assembly and self-repair, learning, memory, control architectures and self-regulation, locomotion in air, on land or in water, perception, cognition, control, and communication. In all of these areas, the potential of biomimetics is shown through the construction of a wide range of different biomimetic devices and animal-like robots. Biohybrid systems is a relatively new field, with exciting and largely unknown potential, but one that is likely to shape the future of humanity. Chapters outline current research in areas including brain-machine interfaces-where neurons are connected to microscopic sensors and actuators-and various forms of intelligent prostheses from sensory devices like artificial retinas, to life-like artificial limbs, brain implants, and virtual reality-based rehabilitation approaches. The handbook concludes by exploring the impact living machine technology will have on both society and the individual, by forcing human beings to question how we see and understand ourselves. With contributions from leading researchers drawing on ideas from science, engineering, and the humanities, this handbook will appeal to both undergraduate and postgraduate students of biomimetic and biohybrid technologies. Researchers in the areas of computational modeling and engineering, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, artificial life, biorobotics, neurorobotics, and human-machine interfaces, will find Living Machines an invaluable resource.

Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics


Author: Kathryn E. Hood,Carolyn Tucker Halpern,Gary Greenberg,Richard M. Lerner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351680
Category: Psychology
Page: 776
View: 3106
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The Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics brings together the cutting-edge theory, research and methodology that contribute to our current scientific understanding of the role of genetics in the developmental system. • Commemorates the historically important contributions made by Gilbert Gottlieb in comparative psychology and developmental science • Includes an international group of contributors who are among the most respected behavioral and biological scientists working today • Examines the scientific basis for rejecting the reductionism and counterfactual approach to understanding the links between genes, behavior, and development • Documents the current status of comparative psychology and developmental science and provides the foundation for future scientific progress in the field

The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science


Author: David Tyfield,Rebecca Lave,Samuel Randalls,Charles Thorpe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317412028
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 464
View: 7814
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The political economy of research and innovation (R&I) is one of the central issues of the early twenty-first century. ‘Science’ and ‘innovation’ are increasingly tasked with driving and reshaping a troubled global economy while also tackling multiple, overlapping global challenges, such as climate change or food security, global pandemics or energy security. But responding to these demands is made more complicated because R&I themselves are changing. Today, new global patterns of R&I are transforming the very structures, institutions and processes of science and innovation, and with it their claims about desirable futures. Our understanding of R&I needs to change accordingly. Responding to this new urgency and uncertainty, this handbook presents a pioneering selection of the growing body of literature that has emerged in recent years at the intersection of science and technology studies and political economy. The central task for this research has been to expose important but consequential misconceptions about the political economy of R&I and to build more insightful approaches. This volume therefore explores the complex interrelations between R&I (both in general and in specific fields) and political economies across a number of key dimensions from health to environment, and universities to the military. The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science offers a unique collection of texts across a range of issues in this burgeoning and important field from a global selection of top scholars. The handbook is essential reading for students interested in the political economy of science, technology and innovation. It also presents succinct and insightful summaries of the state of the art for more advanced scholars.

Handbook of Applied Developmental Science

Promoting Positive Child, Adolescent, and Family Development Through Research, Policies, and Programs
Author: Richard M. Lerner,Francine Jacobs,Donald Wertlieb
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761922784
Category: Psychology
Page: 2296
View: 1241
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The Handbook of Applied Developmental Science is the only work to comprehensively present the latest theory, research, and application from applied developmental science (ADS) and the positive psychology movement. It summarizes and synthesizes the best scientific knowledge from ADS to help readers understand the efforts being made around the world to ensure that all children and adolescents develop into healthy adults who contribute positively to society. The Handbook is also the first resource to organize and integrate both the prevention and promotion approaches to programs and policies for children, adolescents, and families. In addition, the Handbook provides a detailed road map for future research and for actions that will promote positive child, youth, and family development. Published in four volumes, the Handbook features 95 chapters by more than 150 contributors, many of who are renowned leaders in the field. Volume 1 describes the foundation of applied developmental science, its historical development, and current scientific and professional efforts to develop policies and programs that promote positive child, adolescent, and family development. Volume 2 examines public policy and government service systems. Volume 3 discusses community systems for enhancing citizenship and promoting a civil society. Finally, Volume 4 outlines methods for university engagement and academic outreach. Feature and Benefits - Four comprehensive, topical volumes - Approximately 2,200 pages - 95 chapters - More than 150 contributors, many of whom are world-renowned leaders in applied development science from the academic, professional, and policy and political arenas - Forewords for each volume written by well-known authorities, including Edward Zigler, co-founder of the Head Start program; US Congressman Elijah E Cummings; David Bell, International Youth Foundation; and Graham Spanier, President, The Pennsylvania State University Designed for a wide audience the Handbook will be an important addition to your library collection. It offers a single source for information about fostering generations of healthy children and families. It is designed specifically to meet the needs of: - Faculty and students in the fields of psychology, human development, family studies, policy studies, nursing, allied health, and education - Staff and volunteers working in non-governmental organizations - Members of local, state, national, and international government organizations and personnel involved in policy and program development and funding - Directors and staff at foundations that administer programs aimed at promoting positive your and family development

Handbook of Developmental Systems Theory and Methodology


Author: Peter C. M. Molenaar,Richard M. Lerner,Karl M. Newell
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462513077
Category: Psychology
Page: 517
View: 1308
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Developmental systems theory provides powerful tools for predicting complex, dynamic interactions among biological and environmental processes in human behavior and health. This groundbreaking handbook provides a roadmap for integrating key concepts of developmental systems theory (such as self-organization, reciprocal dynamic interaction, and probabilistic epigenesis) and simulation models (connectionist and agent-based models) with advanced dynamic modeling approaches for testing these theories and models. Internationally renowned developmental science scholars present innovations in research design, measurement, and analysis that offer new means of generating evidence-based decisions to optimize the course of health and positive functioning across the life span. Topics include epigenetic development and evolution; the relationship between neural systems growth and psychological development; the role of family environments in shaping children's cognitive skills and associated adult outcomes, and more.

Philosophy of Complex Systems


Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080931227
Category: Philosophy
Page: 952
View: 6545
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The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included

Handbook of Machine Vision


Author: Alexander Hornberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527610146
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 822
View: 8292
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With the demands of quality management and process control in an industrial environment machine vision is becoming an important issue. This handbook of machine vision is written by experts from leading companies in this field. It goes through all aspects of image acquisition and image processing. From the viewpoint of the industrial application the authors also elucidate in topics like illumination or camera calibration. Attention is paid to all hardware aspects, starting from lenses and camera systems to camera-computer interfaces. Besides the detailed hardware descriptions the necessary software is discussed with equal profoundness. This includes sections on digital image basics as well as image analysis and image processing. Finally the user is introduced to general aspects of industrial applications of machine vision, such as case studies and strategies for the conception of complete machine vision systems. With this handbook the reader will be enabled not only to understand up to date systems for machine vision but will also be qualified for the planning and evaluation of such technology.

A Handbook of Software and Systems Engineering

Empirical Observations, Laws, and Theories
Author: Albert Endres,H. Dieter Rombach
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780321154200
Category: Computers
Page: 327
View: 4163
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This book is intended as a handbook for students and practitioners alike. The book is structured around the type of tasks that practitioners are confronted with, beginning with requirements definition and concluding with maintenance and withdrawal. It identifies and discusses existing laws that have a significant impact on the software engineering field. These laws are largely independent of the technologies involved, which allow students to learn the principles underlying software engineering. This also guides students toward the best practice when implementing software engineering techniques.

Routledge Handbook of Education in India

Debates, Practices, and Policies
Author: Krishna Kumar
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351608525
Category: Education
Page: 302
View: 7415
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This comprehensive handbook introduces the reader to the education system in India in terms of its structural features, its relations with society and culture, and the debates that have shaped present-day policy ethos. Expert scholars provide a lucid analysis of complex themes such as the equal distribution of educational opportunities, legal provisions shaping the opportunity structure, and curricular issues in major areas of knowledge. The volume provides a general overview of India’s education system and examines key and current issues that face higher and school education, the examination system, disciplines of social sciences, curriculum, teachers, law, coaching and unemployment. This handbook will serve as a valuable resource and guide to anyone seeking authentic information about India’s contemporary educational challenges in relation to its society, economy and politics. It will be useful to scholars and researchers of education, public policy and administration, sociology and political studies as well as practitioners, think-tanks, those in media, government and NGOs.

Handbook of Systems Analysis: Craft issues and procedural choices


Author: Hugh J. Miser,Edward S. Quade
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 681
View: 2081
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Handbook of Research on Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering


Author: Díaz, Vicente García
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 146666360X
Category: Computers
Page: 745
View: 8123
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Professionals in the interdisciplinary field of computer science focus on the design, operation, and maintenance of computational systems and software. Methodologies and tools of engineering are utilized alongside the technological advancements of computer applications to develop efficient and precise databases of information. The Handbook of Research on Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering combines relevant research from all facets of computer programming to provide a comprehensive look at the challenges and changes in the field. With information spanning topics such as design models, cloud computing, and security, this handbook is an essential reference source for academicians, researchers, practitioners, and students interested in the development and design of improved and effective technologies.

Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology


Author: Wanda M. Haschek,Colin G. Rousseaux
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483288617
Category: Medical
Page: 1127
View: 1545
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This is the first comprehensive reference work on toxicologic pathology, an emerging field that integrates the mechanisms of toxic injury with the resulting pathology. Chapters deal systematically with organ-specific toxic injury, describing the mechanisms of injury, morphological expression of the injury, and evaluation of the pathology. Additional chapters introduce the field to the uninitiated and address such topics as techniques used for morphological evaluation, risk assessment, and regulatory aspects. The Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology will quickly establish itself as the classic reference work in this field for years to come. Comprehensive, "user friendly" reference text on toxicologic pathology Large, easy-to-use 8 1/2" x 11", double-column format Systematic approach to each organ or system More than 500 illustrations and 90 tables complement the text Over 2,000 references for easy access to the primary literature Unique chapters written by leading authorities

Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business


Author: Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466625198
Category: Computers
Page: 746
View: 9417
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Using the same strategy for the needs of image processing and pattern recognition, scientists and researchers have turned to computational intelligence for better research throughputs and end results applied towards engineering, science, business and financial applications. Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business discusses the computation intelligence approaches, initiatives and applications in the engineering, science and business fields. This reference aims to highlight computational intelligence as no longer limited to computing-related disciplines and can be applied to any effort which handles complex and meaningful information.