Handbook of Applied System Science


Author: Zachary P. Neal
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317607082
Category: Social Science
Page: 640
View: 3652
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The Handbook of Applied System Science is organized around both methodological approaches in systems science, and the substantive topic to which these approaches have been applied. The volume begins with an essay that introduces three system science methods: agent-based modeling, system dynamics, and network analysis. The remainder of the volume is organized around three broad topics: (1) health and human development, (2) environment and sustainability, and (3) communities and social change. Each part begins with a brief introductory essay, and includes nine chapters that demonstrate the application of system science methods to address research questions in these areas. This handbook will be useful for work in Public Health, Sociology, Criminal Justice, Social Work, Political Science, Environmental Studies, Urban Studies, and Psychology.

Handbook of Applied Developmental Science

Promoting Positive Child, Adolescent, and Family Development Through Research, Policies, and Programs
Author: Richard M. Lerner,Francine Jacobs,Donald Wertlieb
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761922780
Category: Psychology
Page: 2296
View: 5545
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This Handbook comprehensively presents the latest theory, research, and application from applied developmental science (ADS) and the positive psychology movement. It summarizes and synthesizes the best scientific knowledge from ADS to help readers understand the efforts being made around the world to ensure that all children and adolescents develop into healthy adults who contribute positively to society.

Handbook of Applied Algorithms

Solving Scientific, Engineering, and Practical Problems
Author: Amiya Nayak,Ivan Stojmenovic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470175644
Category: Computers
Page: 560
View: 9140
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Discover the benefits of applying algorithms to solve scientific, engineering, and practical problems Providing a combination of theory, algorithms, and simulations, Handbook of Applied Algorithms presents an all-encompassing treatment of applying algorithms and discrete mathematics to practical problems in "hot" application areas, such as computational biology, computational chemistry, wireless networks, and computer vision. In eighteen self-contained chapters, this timely book explores: * Localized algorithms that can be used in topology control for wireless ad-hoc or sensor networks * Bioinformatics algorithms for analyzing data * Clustering algorithms and identification of association rules in data mining * Applications of combinatorial algorithms and graph theory in chemistry and molecular biology * Optimizing the frequency planning of a GSM network using evolutionary algorithms * Algorithmic solutions and advances achieved through game theory Complete with exercises for readers to measure their comprehension of the material presented, Handbook of Applied Algorithms is a much-needed resource for researchers, practitioners, and students within computer science, life science, and engineering. Amiya Nayak, PhD, has over seventeen years of industrial experience and is Full Professor at the School of Information Technology and Engineering at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is on the editorial board of several journals. Dr. Nayak's research interests are in the areas of fault tolerance, distributed systems/algorithms, and mobile ad-hoc networks. Ivan StojmenoviC?, PhD, is Professor at the University of Ottawa, Canada (www.site.uottawa.ca/~ivan), and Chair Professor of Applied Computing at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Dr. Stojmenovic? received the Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. His current research interests are mostly in the design and analysis of algorithms for wireless ad-hoc and sensor networks.

Handbook of Non-Invasive Drug Delivery Systems

Science and Technology
Author: Vitthal S. Kulkarni
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780815520269
Category: Medical
Page: 328
View: 4309
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With the improvements in formulation science and certain transdermal delivery technologies, the non-invasive mode of drug delivery is now ready to compete with traditional methods of oral and injectible routes of drug delivery. The Handbook of Non-Invasive Drug Delivery Systems encompasses the broad field of non-invasive drug delivery systems that include drug delivery via topical, transdermal-passive, transdermal-active (device- aided enhanced penetration), trans-mucosal membrane, trans-ocular membrane as well as delivery via alveolar membrane from inhaled medication. Patient compliance has been found to be much higher when administrated by non-invasive routes and therefore they are considered to be a preferred mode of drug delivery. The book includes both science and technological aspects of new drug delivery systems. Its unique focus is that it is on new drug delivery systems that are considered to be "non-invasive". Other unique features include a chapter on Regulatory Aspects of non-invasive systems and one on FDA guidance for topical nano-drug delivery. Two chapters covering market trends and perspectives, as well as providing guidance to those marketing such systems are also included.

Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics


Author: Kathryn E. Hood,Carolyn Tucker Halpern,Gary Greenberg,Richard M. Lerner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405187824
Category: Psychology
Page: 776
View: 8629
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The Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics brings together the cutting-edge theory, research and methodology that contribute to our current scientific understanding of the role of genetics in the developmental system. • Commemorates the historically important contributions made by Gilbert Gottlieb in comparative psychology and developmental science • Includes an international group of contributors who are among the most respected behavioral and biological scientists working today • Examines the scientific basis for rejecting the reductionism and counterfactual approach to understanding the links between genes, behavior, and development • Documents the current status of comparative psychology and developmental science and provides the foundation for future scientific progress in the field

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology


Author: Promod Kumar,K.L. Mittal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824719791
Category: Science
Page: 864
View: 2140
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Demonstrating methods for overcoming stability issues in paints, wax dispersions, cosmetics, food products, and other industrial applications, this reference probes theoretical and practical issues surrounding microemulsion science and technology. Featuring the work of 51 international experts and containing almost 1000 instructive tables, equations, and illustrations, this book reviews the performance of, and prospects for, experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, small angle neutron scattering, viscosimetry, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to characterize various aspects of the dispersed phase of microemulsions.

Handbook of Applied Behavior Analysis


Author: Wayne W. Fisher,Cathleen C. Piazza,Henry S. Roane
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 160918503X
Category: Psychology
Page: 544
View: 9827
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Describing the state of the science of applied behavior analysis (ABA), this comprehensive handbook provides detailed information about theory, research, and intervention. The contributors are leading ABA authorities who present best practices in behavioral assessment and demonstrate evidence-based strategies for supporting positive behaviors and reducing problem behaviors. Conceptual, empirical, and procedural building blocks of ABA are reviewed and specific applications described in education, autism treatment, safety skills for children, and other areas. The volume also addresses crucial professional and ethical issues, making it a complete reference and training tool for ABA practitioners and students.

Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research

The Use of Publication and Patent Statistics in Studies of S&T Systems
Author: Henk F. Moed,Wolfgang Glänzel,Ulrich Schmoch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402027550
Category: Computers
Page: 800
View: 8983
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This handbook offers a state-of-the-art overview of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific or scholarly publications and patents. It comprises 34 chapters written by leading specialists in the various sub-domains. These chapters deal with theoretical and methodological issues, illustrate applications, and highlight their policy context and relevance. Authors present a survey of the research topics they address, and show their most recent achievements. The 34 chapters are arranged into 5 parts: Disciplinary Approaches; General Methodology; The Science System; The Technology System; and The Science–Technology Interface. The Editor’s Introduction provides a further specification of the handbook’s scope and of the main topics addressed in its chapters. This handbook aims at four distinct groups of readers: – practitioners in the field of science and technology studies; – research students in this field; – scientists, scholars and technicians who are interested in a systematic, thorough analysis of their activities; – policy makers and administrators who wish to be informed about the potentialities and limitations of the various approaches and about their results.

Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering


Author: Yiu H. Hui
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781574445527
Category: Reference
Page: 712
View: 3967
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Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business


Author: Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466625198
Category: Computers
Page: 746
View: 8600
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Using the same strategy for the needs of image processing and pattern recognition, scientists and researchers have turned to computational intelligence for better research throughputs and end results applied towards engineering, science, business and financial applications. Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business discusses the computation intelligence approaches, initiatives and applications in the engineering, science and business fields. This reference aims to highlight computational intelligence as no longer limited to computing-related disciplines and can be applied to any effort which handles complex and meaningful information.

The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences


Author: Ian C Jarvie,Jesus Zamora-Bonilla
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446209717
Category: Social Science
Page: 772
View: 7649
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- what is the relationship between the social sciences and the natural sciences? - where do today's dominant approaches to doing social science come from? - what are the main fissures and debates in contemporary social scientific thought? - how are we to make sense of seemingly contrasting approaches to how social scientists find out about the world and justify their claims to have knowledge of it? In this exciting handbook, Ian Jarvie and Jesús Zamora-Bonilla have put together a wide-ranging and authoritative overview of the main philosophical currents and traditions at work in the social sciences today. Starting with the history of social scientific thought, this handbook sets out to explore that core fundamentals of social science practice, from issues of ontology and epistemology to issues of practical method. Along the way it investigates such notions as paradigm, empiricism, postmodernism, naturalism, language, agency, power, culture, and causality. Bringing together in one volume leading authorities in the field from around the world, this book will be a must-have for any serious scholar or student of the social sciences.

Handbook of Applied Disability and Rehabilitation Research


Author: Kristofer J. Hagglund, PhD, ABPP,Allen W. Heinemann, PhD, ABPP
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826132567
Category: Psychology
Page: 312
View: 9397
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Now, more than ever, the field of rehabilitation psychology is growing. This book--one of the few that focuses solely on rehabilitation psychology research--provides the reader with the most up-to-date look at researchand practice within the field of rehabilitation psychology. It offers recommendations for future research programs, policy changes, and clinical interventions from the various perspectives within rehabilitation psychology research and practice, and seeks to demonstrate how much the field can evolve with the implementation of these changes. Topics covered include: Assistive technology Health policy Cultural diversity Employment Future of rehabilitation research Community integration Health disparities

Handbook of the Psychology of Science


Author: Gregory Feist, PhD,Michael Gorman, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826106234
Category: Psychology
Page: 526
View: 6324
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" Few resources are available to educators in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science. This handbook fills this void by providing an empirically based compendium of current knowledge about this newly established discipline. Written by two pioneers in the study of the cognitive and social processes involved in scientific and innovative behaviors, it follows on the heels of the first organized society (The International Society for the Psychology of Science and Technology) in 2006, and the first peer-reviewed journal (Journal of the Psychology of Science and Technology) launched in 2008. Key Topics: Introduction to the Psychology of Science Foundational Psychologies of Science (includes the development of scientific thinking and causal reasoning, development of children's scientific knowledge, historical case models, computational approaches, and personality, social, and clinical psychologies of science) Special Topics in the Psychology of Science (includes creativity and genius, gender issues, uncertainty and visual data analysis, thinking and reasoning in the lab, innovation and conceptual change, psychology of technology, psychobiology of science, conflict and cooperation in science, and more) Applied Psychology of Science (the psychology of pseudo-science, post-modernism, naturalism and different views of science, how children learn and are taught science) Past and Future of Psychology of Science (quantitative trends and the future of the psychology of science) Handbook of the Psychology of Science will at last provide educators of the psychology of science and the cognitive science of science with a state-of-the-art, all-inclusive text with which to disseminate current knowledge about this growing discipline. "

Handbook of Energy Engineering, Sixth Edition


Author: Albert Thumann,D. Paul Mehta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824709143
Category: Science
Page: 478
View: 8451
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This fully updated, comprehensive reference will guide you step-by-step in applying the principles of energy engineering and management to the design of electrical, HVAC, utility, process and building systems for both new and retrofit projects. You will learn how to do an energy analysis of any system. Detailed presentations cover electrical system optimization, state-of-the-art lighting and lighting controls, thermal storage, cogeneration, HVAC system optimization, HVAC and building controls, and computer technologies. The fifth edition includes a new chapter covering codes, standards and legislation, as well as a new chapter on compressed air systems. You'll also find coverage on use of innovative third party financing mechanisms such as performance contracting to implement energy cost reduction measures. The text is thoroughly illustrated with tables, graphs, diagrams, and sample problems with worked-out solutions.

Handbook of Dynamic System Modeling


Author: Paul A. Fishwick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420010855
Category: Mathematics
Page: 760
View: 5226
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The topic of dynamic models tends to be splintered across various disciplines, making it difficult to uniformly study the subject. Moreover, the models have a variety of representations, from traditional mathematical notations to diagrammatic and immersive depictions. Collecting all of these expressions of dynamic models, the Handbook of Dynamic System Modeling explores a panoply of different types of modeling methods available for dynamical systems. Featuring an interdisciplinary, balanced approach, the handbook focuses on both generalized dynamic knowledge and specific models. It first introduces the general concepts, representations, and philosophy of dynamic models, followed by a section on modeling methodologies that explains how to portray designed models on a computer. After addressing scale, heterogeneity, and composition issues, the book covers specific model types that are often characterized by specific visual- or text-based grammars. It concludes with case studies that employ two well-known commercial packages to construct, simulate, and analyze dynamic models. A complete guide to the fundamentals, types, and applications of dynamic models, this handbook shows how systems function and are represented over time and space and illustrates how to select a particular model based on a specific area of interest.

Handbook of Networked and Embedded Control Systems


Author: Dimitrios Hristu-Varsakelis,William S. Levine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817644048
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 822
View: 599
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The vast majority of control systems built today are embedded; that is, they rely on built-in, special-purpose digital computers to close their feedback loops. Embedded systems are common in aircraft, factories, chemical processing plants, and even in cars–a single high-end automobile may contain over eighty different computers. The design of embedded controllers and of the intricate, automated communication networks that support them raises many new questions—practical, as well as theoretical—about network protocols, compatibility of operating systems, and ways to maximize the effectiveness of the embedded hardware. This handbook, the first of its kind, provides engineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, and students a broad, comprehensive source of information and technology to address many questions and aspects of embedded and networked control. Separated into six main sections—Fundamentals, Hardware, Software, Theory, Networking, and Applications—this work unifies into a single reference many scattered articles, websites, and specification sheets. Also included are case studies, experiments, and examples that give a multifaceted view of the subject, encompassing computation and communication considerations.

Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering - 4 Volume Set


Author: Y. H. Hui,Frank Sherkat
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146650787X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 3632
View: 5343
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Advances in food science, technology, and engineering are occurring at such a rapid rate that obtaining current, detailed information is challenging at best. While almost everyone engaged in these disciplines has accumulated a vast variety of data over time, an organized, comprehensive resource containing this data would be invaluable to have. The Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering, 4 Volume Set is that resource, presenting the latest information available in a thorough, straightforward format.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology


Author: William Outhwaite,Stephen Turner
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446206459
Category: Social Science
Page: 640
View: 8475
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"An excellent guidebook through different approaches to social science measurement, including the all-important route-maps that show us how to get there." - Roger Jowell, City University "In this wide-ranging collection of chapters, written by acknowledged experts in their fields, Outhwaite and Turner have brought together material in one volume which will provide an extremely important platform for consideration of the full range of contemporary analytical and methodological issues." - Charles Crothers, Auckland University of Technology This is a jewel among methods Handbooks, bringing together a formidable collection of international contributors to comment on every aspect of the various central issues, complications and controversies in the core methodological traditions. It is designed to meet the needs of those disciplinary and nondisciplinary problem-oriented social inquirers for a comprehensive overview of the methodological literature. The text is divided into 7 sections: Overviews of methodological approaches in the social sciences Cases, comparisons and theory Quantification and experiment Rationality, complexity and collectivity Interpretation, critique and postmodernity Discourse construction Engagement. Edited by two leading figures in the field, the Handbook is a landmark work in the field of research methods. More than just a 'cookbook' that teaches readers how to master techniques, it will give social scientists in all disciplines an appreciation for the full range of methodological debates today, from the quantitative to the qualitative, giving them deeper and sharpen insights into their own research questions. It will generate debate, solutions and a series of questions for researchers to exploit and develop in their research and teaching.

The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems


Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191626554
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 752
View: 4333
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Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism " (VOC) and "comparative business systems " fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 32 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.

Handbook of Strategic Enrollment Management


Author: Don Hossler,Bob Bontrager
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118819535
Category: Education
Page: 656
View: 4266
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Improve student enrollment outcomes and meet institutional goalsthrough the effective management of student enrollments. Published with the American Association for CollegiateRegistrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO), the Handbook ofStrategic Enrollment Management is the comprehensivetext on the policies, strategies, practices that shapepostsecondary enrollments. This volume combines relevant theoriesand research, with applied chapters on the management of officessuch as admissions, financial aid, and the registrar to provide acomprehensive guide to the complex world of Strategic EnrollmentManagement (SEM). SEM focuses on achieving enrollment goals, andsustaining institutional revenue and serving the needs of students.It provides insights into the ways SEM is practiced acrossfour-year institutions, community colleges, and professionalschools. More than just an enhanced approach to admissions and financialaid, SEM examines the student's entire educational cycle. Fromentry through graduation, this volume helps SEM professionals andgraduate students interested in enrollment management to anticipatechange and balancing the goals of revenue, access, diversity, andprestige. The Handbook of Strategic EnrollmentManagement: Provides an overview of the thinking of leading practitionersthat comprise SEM organizations, including marketing, recruitment,and admissions; tuition pricing; financial aid; the registrar'srole, academic advising; and, retention Includes up-to-date research on current issues in SEM includingcollege choice, financial aid, student persistence, and theeffective use of technology Guides readers creating strategic enrollment organizations thatfit the unique history, culture, and policy context of yourcampus Strategic enrollment management has become one of the mostimportant administrative areas in postsecondary education, and itis being adopted in countries around the globe. The Handbook ofStrategic Enrollment Management is for anyone in enrollmentmanagement, admissions, financial aid, registration and records,orientation, marketing, and institutional research who wish toenhance the health and vitality of his or her institution. It isalso an excellent text for graduate programs in higher educationand student affairs.