Health Systems Science


Author: Susan E. Skochelak,Richard E. Hawkins,Luan E Lawson,Stephanie R Starr,Jeffrey Borkan,Jed D Gonzalo
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702070378
Category: Medical
Page: 400
View: 4121
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Developed by the American Medical Association’s Accelerating Change in Medical Education Consortium, Health Systems Science is the first text that focuses on providing a fundamental understanding of how health care is delivered, how health care professionals work together to deliver that care, and how the health system can improve patient care and health care delivery. Along with basic and clinical science, Health Systems Science (HSS) is rapidly becoming a crucial "third pillar" of medical science, requiring a practical, standardized curriculum with an emphasis on understanding the role of human factors, systems engineering, leadership, and patient improvement strategies that will help transform the future of health care and ensure greater patient safety. Complete coverage of the evolving field of HSS includes patient safety, quality improvement, evidence-based medicine, value in health care, interprofessional teamwork, stewardship of health care resources, population management, clinical informatics, care coordination, leadership, and health care financing/reform. Patient improvement strategies incorporates checklists, information technology, team training, and more. A consistent chapter template provides clear coverage of each topic, including Learning Objectives, Chapter Outline, Core Chapter Content, Summary, Questions for Reflection, and Annotated Bibliography and References. Highly relevant content applicable to today’s evolving health care delivery written by experts in key, emerging areas of HSS. Developed in partnership with the AMA’s Accelerating Change in Medical Education Consortium, at the forefront of change and innovation in medical education.

Systems Science and Population Health


Author: Abdulrahman M. El-Sayed,Sandro Galea,Dean and Robert a Knox Professor Sandro Galea, MD MPH Dph
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190492392
Category:
Page: 240
View: 9583
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Population health is complex and multileveled, encompassing dynamic interactions between cells, societies, and everything in between. Our typical approach to studying population health, however, remains oriented around a reductionist approach to conceptualizing, empirically analyzing, and intervening to improve population health. The trouble is that interventions founded on simplifying a complex world often do not work, sometimes yielding failure or, even worse, harm. The difficult truth is that "silver bullet" health science often fails, and understanding these failures can help us improve our approach to health science, and, ultimately, population health. SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND POPULATION HEALTH employs principles from across a range of sciences to refine the way we understand population health. By augmenting traditional analytic approaches with new tools like machine learning, microsimulation, and social network analysis, population health can be studied as a dynamic and complex system. This allows us to understand population health as a complex whole, offering new insights and perspectives that stand to improve the health of the public. This text offers the first educational and practical guide to this forward-thinking approach. Comprising 17 chapters from the vanguard of population health, epidemiology, computer science, and medicine, this book offers a three-part introduction to the subject: . An intellectual and conceptual history of systems science as it intersects with population health . Concise, introductory overviews of important and emerging methodological tools in systems science, including systems dynamics, agent-based modeling, microsimulation, social network analysis, and machine-learning-all with relevant examples drawn from population health literature . An exploration of future implications for systems science and its applications to our understanding of population health issues For researchers, students, and practitioners, SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND POPULATION HEALTH redefines many of the foundational elements of how we understand population health. It should not be missed. "

Third International Conference on System Science in Health Care

Troisième Conférence Internationale sur la Science des Systèmes dans le Domaine de la Santé
Author: W. van Eimeren,R. Engelbrecht,C. D. Flagle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642699391
Category: Medical
Page: 1451
View: 9821
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In the early stages of planning the Third International Conference in System Science in Health Care, the steering committee members, most of whom had participated in the first conference in Paris (1976) and the second in Montreal (1980), made some basic decisions about organization of subject matter. The earlier meetings had been very successful in bringing together specialists from the health professions and the traditional sciences. In addition to physicians and nurses, these were representatives of the disciplines of the behavioral sciences, system theory, economics, engineering, and the emergency fields of management science and informatics -all concerned with the development of health resources in a broad system context. The reported research and experience of the many disciplines represented had dealt with one or more of three concerns: 1) a major health problem, such as cardiovascular disease, or an important popUlation at risk, such as the elderly or children or workers; 2) some generic aspect of organization and decision making, including trial and evaluation ofinnovative health strategies; and 3) the methodology of research and analysis in system of health service. The challenge to the conference organizers lay in the eliciting and arranging of experiences in such a way that the health services could be seen as purposeful,living, evolving systems.

The Management of Uncertainty: Approaches, Methods and Applications


Author: Luc Wilkin,A. Sutton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400944586
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 285
View: 5927
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For thirty years, the literature on decision-making and planning has been divided into two camps : work premised on rational models of choice and work designed to discredit such models. The sustained critic of fully rational decision-making theories has al ready a long history and a constant message to deliver : in practice, consequential decision-making hardly fulfills the canons of perfect rationality. There is also evidence that decision-making and planning are not unitary processes. Although the concept of "decision-making" connotes the idea of a single process, making a single choice involves a complex of processing tasks : structuring the problem, finding alternatives worth considering, deciding what information is relevant, assessing various consequences, and a variety of others. The aim of this volume is to bring together and try to inter relate some of the concepts and relevant knowledge from various disciplines concerned with one important aspect of this complex process : the management of uncertainty. It is hardly necessary to reiterate the case made by numerous authors about our changing and increasingly uncertain world. Suffice it to say here that it is uncertainty about the future, and in many cases about the past and the present also, which makes decision-making and planning so difficul t. The management of uncertainty may be defined as the way in which uncertainty is treated and processed in decision-making.

Self-Care Science, Nursing Theory and Evidence-Based Practice


Author: Katherine Renpenning, MScN,Susan Gebhardt Taylor, MSN, PhD, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826107796
Category: Medical
Page: 256
View: 8697
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"This is an excellent review of the development of self-care deficit theory and the use of self-care in nursing practice. Explanations of the various theories and theory terms are well done and written at a level that novice theorists can relate to. The authors demonstrate how self-care science can be fiscally and effectively applied to the care of patients/clients."--Doody's Medical Reviews Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Theory has been used as a foundation for nursing practice in healthcare institutions and as the basis of curricula in nursing schools for decades. This book explores the high-level theory of the application of Orem's Self-Care Theory, and how it can improve patient outcomes as well as cost-effectiveness of nursing care delivery. Written for nursing theorists, researchers, administrators, and graduate students, the text addresses the relationship of self-care theory and evidence-based care in nursing, and provides a solution to improving contemporary healthcare outcomes. The book is divided into three sections. Section one discusses the reason for the existence of the nursing profession, and identifies the performance of self-care. Section two covers three nursing practice sciences-wholly compensatory nursing, partly compensatory nursing, and supportive educative nursing. Section three offer suggestions on how health care organizations can incorporate this broadened perspective of what constitutes evidence based practice and on-going research methodology into every-day delivery of nursing services. Key Features: Includes case examples to illustrate the application of theory to nursing practice Provides a current, cost-effective resource for implementing Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory for effective evidence-based practice Builds the link between the application of Orem's Self Care Theory and improved patient and fiscal healthcare outcomes

Understanding the Australian Health Care System - E-Book


Author: Eileen Willis,Louise Reynolds,Helen Keleher
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729581039
Category: Medical
Page: 444
View: 2043
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A updated overview of Australia’s health care system, addressing its core features, concepts and issues Understanding the Australian Health Care System, 2nd edition is an excellent university book for undergraduate and postgraduate students alike. Published four years after the original, this second edition has been fully revised to reflect major Australian health care reform. Its fully up-to-date content includes current governmental and legislative changes impacting Australia’s health care system. Other topics addressed include quality and safety within the system, health insurance in Australia – both public and private – the PBS and integrated medicine. This outstanding medical book delves deeply into the system’s theoretical framework, structure and organisation and includes comparisons with the US and UK health care systems. This new edition of Understanding the Australian Health Care System will be a valuable reference for those studying health science, health promotion, sports and exercise science, physiotherapy, human services, nursing, midwifery, medicine, paramedicine, health system management, medical radiations science and health informatics. Online student and instructor resources Stronger focus on social determinants throughout text Addresses a wide range of health professions – now including disability professionals and social workers Current theoretical framework for healthcare reform (Tuohy 2009) Stronger focus on social determinants throughout text Addresses current position on national registration Features an excellent ancillary package on Elsevier’s Evolve platform Includes three new chapters addressing: disability professionals; quality and safety; and social work Reflects major health care reform in Australia (COAG 2009) Discusses current theoretical framework for healthcare reform (Tuohy 2009) New contributors

Designing and Conducting Health System Research Projects


Author: N.A
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 9789068321494
Category: Health survices adminiqtration
Page: 195
View: 5801
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Handbook of Systems and Complexity in Health


Author: Joachim P Sturmberg,Carmel Martin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461449987
Category: Medical
Page: 954
View: 4559
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This book is an introduction to health care as a complex adaptive system, a system that feeds back on itself. The first section introduces systems and complexity theory from a science, historical, epistemological, and technical perspective, describing the principles and mathematics. Subsequent sections build on the health applications of systems science theory, from human physiology to medical decision making, population health and health services research. The aim of the book is to introduce and expand on important population health issues from a systems and complexity perspective, highlight current research developments and their implications for health care delivery, consider their ethical implications, and to suggest directions for and potential pitfalls in the future.

The Logic of Health Service Production

A Practitioner's Guide to Key Issues and Guide Modeling
Author: Paul Lillrank
Publisher: Productivity Press
ISBN: 9781138626249
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6209
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Most of the current literature on healthcare operations management is focused on importing principles and methods from manufacturing. The evidence of success is scattered and nowhere near what has been achieved in other industries. This book develops the idea that the logic of production, and production systems in healthcare is significantly different. A line of thing that acknowledges the ingenious characteristics of health service production is developed. This book builds on a managerial segmentation of healthcare based on fundamental demand-supply constellations. Demand can be classified with the variables urgency, severity, and randomness. Supply is constrained by medical technology (accuracy of diagnostics, efficacy of therapies), patient health behavior (co-creation of health), and resource availability. Out of this emerge seven demand-supply-based operational types (DSO): prevention, emergencies, one-visit, electives, cure, care, and projects. Each of these have distinct managerial characteristics, such as time-perspective, level of co-creation, value proposition, revenue structure, productivity and other key performance indicators (KPI). The DSOs can be envisioned as platforms upon which clinical modules are attached. For example, any Emergency Department (ED) must be managed to deal with prioritization, time-windows, agitated patients, the necessity to save and stabilize, and variability in demand. Specific clinical assets and skill-sets are required for, say, massive trauma, strokes, cardiac events, or poisoning. While representing different specialties of clinical medicine they, when applied in the emergency - context, must conform to the demand-supply-based operating logic. A basic assumption in this book is that the perceived complexity of healthcare arises from the conflicting demands of the DSO and the clinical realms. The seven DSOs can neatly be juxtaposed on the much-used Business Model Canvas (BMC), which postulates the business model elements as value proposition; customer segments, channels and relations; key activities, resources and partners; the cost structure; and the revenue model.

World Report on Knowledge for Better Health

Strengthening Health Systems
Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241562811
Category: Law
Page: 146
View: 9052
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This book reviews the current state of health research and concludes that: more investment is needed, research need to be managed more effectively to help strengthen health systems and build public confidence in science; stronger emphasis should be placed on translating knowledge into action. There are five sections: learning to improve health, gives an overview and some historical perspective; towards a scientific basis for health systems; strengthening health research systems; linking research to action; and recommendations and an action plan.

Toward Equity in Health

A New Global Approach to Health Disparities
Author: Barbara C. Wallace, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826103680
Category: Medical
Page: 592
View: 9356
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This essential collection presents a state-of-the-art framework for how workers in public health and related disciplines should conceptualize health disparities and how they should be addressed worldwide. The contributors, who are leading public health professionals, educators, and practitioners in complimentary fields advance new evidence-based models designed to mobilize and educate the next generation of research and practice. The resulting chapters articulate new theory, procedures, and policies; the legacy of racism; community-based participatory research; new internet technology; training community workers and educators; closing the education and health gap; and addressing the needs of special populations. Toward Equity in Health is an essential book for all who are working toward global health equity-whether in health education, health promotion, disease prevention, public health, the health care delivery system, or patient- and population level health.

Handbook of Healthcare System Scheduling


Author: Randolph Hall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461417347
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 334
View: 9871
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This edited volume captures and communicates the best thinking on how to improve healthcare by improving the delivery of services -- providing care when and where it is needed most -- through application of state-of-the-art scheduling systems. Over 12 chapters, the authors cover aspects of setting appointments, allocating healthcare resources, and planning to ensure that capacity matches needs for care. A central theme of the book is increasing healthcare efficiency so that both the cost of care is reduced and more patients have access to care. This can be accomplished through reduction of idle time, lessening the time needed to provide services and matching resources to the needs where they can have the greatest possible impact on health. Within their chapters, authors address: (1) Use of scheduling to improve healthcare efficiency. (2) Objectives, constraints and mathematical formulations. (3) Key methods and techniques for creating schedules. (4) Recent developments that improve the available problem solving methods. (5) Actual applications, demonstrating how the methods can be used. (6) Future directions in which the field of research is heading. Collectively, the chapters provide a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of models and methods for scheduling the delivery of patient care for all parts of the healthcare system. Chapter topics include setting appointments for ambulatory care and outpatient procedures, surgical scheduling, nurse scheduling, bed management and allocation, medical supply logistics and routing and scheduling for home healthcare.

Introduction to Health Science Technology


Author: Louise M Simmers
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1418021229
Category: Medical
Page: 656
View: 2129
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Based on the best-selling Diversified Health Occupations, Introduction to Health Science Technology provides the health science technology student with basic entry level knowledge required for a variety of health care careers, including medical terminology, basic anatomy and physiology, computer training, leadership, team building skills and in-depth medical math. It is also a highly practical resource that covers the core information needed to pursue a career in health care, from an introduction to the health care industry to descriptions of health-related careers to legal and ethical responsibilities of health care workers. Carefully revised with new photos throughout, the second edition includes updated information on the Food Guide Pyramid, infection control information, standards for blood pressure that concur with AMA and AHA recommendations, and much more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Handbook of Applied System Science


Author: Zachary P. Neal
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317607082
Category: Social Science
Page: 640
View: 3539
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The Handbook of Applied System Science is organized around both methodological approaches in systems science, and the substantive topic to which these approaches have been applied. The volume begins with an essay that introduces three system science methods: agent-based modeling, system dynamics, and network analysis. The remainder of the volume is organized around three broad topics: (1) health and human development, (2) environment and sustainability, and (3) communities and social change. Each part begins with a brief introductory essay, and includes nine chapters that demonstrate the application of system science methods to address research questions in these areas. This handbook will be useful for work in Public Health, Sociology, Criminal Justice, Social Work, Political Science, Environmental Studies, Urban Studies, and Psychology.

Unternehmensnetzwerke

Architekturen, Strukturen und Strategien
Author: Johannes Glückler,Waltraud Dehning,Monique Janneck,Thomas Armbrüster
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642295312
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 356
View: 8218
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Anstatt Netzwerke nur aus der Sicht einzelner Akteure zu betrachten, richten die Autoren ihren Blick auf die multilaterale Zusammenarbeit. Wissenschaftler, Unternehmens- und Rechtsberater diskutieren Konzepte wie Netzwerkgut oder laterale Governance, auf deren Grundlage Netzwerke ausgestaltet und ihre Innovationskraft gefördert werden kann. Auch die Wahl der Rechtsform, der Controllinginstrumente sowie der Einsatz von Kommunikationstechnologien werden thematisiert. Erfolgsfaktoren arbeiten die Autoren anhand detaillierter Fallstudien heraus.

Social Sciences in Health Care and Medicine


Author: Janet B. Garner,Thelma C. Christiansen
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781604562866
Category: Medical
Page: 266
View: 1617
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Health care and medicine are dependent upon a close interaction with social sciences and professions in order to effectively treat patients. Athough medicines have becoming more and more targeted in recent times, it is the recovery of the patient which is the true test of the system whether it be in a hospital setting or within a daily societal setting. Such interactions may be psychological or interactions with social organisations essential to phase the patient back into society. This book presents new issues, experiences and research in the field from around the globe.

Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine


Author: Thomas Deisboeck,J. Yasha Kresh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387335322
Category: Medical
Page: 864
View: 3688
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Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine Thomas S. Deisboeck and J. Yasha Kresh Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine covers the emerging field of systems science involving the application of physics, mathematics, engineering and computational methods and techniques to the study of biomedicine including nonlinear dynamics at the molecular, cellular, multi-cellular tissue, and organismic level. With all chapters helmed by leading scientists in the field, Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine's goal is to offer its audience a timely compendium of the ongoing research directed to the understanding of biological processes as whole systems instead of as isolated component parts. In Parts I & II, Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine provides a general systems thinking perspective and presents some of the fundamental theoretical underpinnings of this rapidly emerging field. Part III then follows with a multi-scaled approach, spanning from the molecular to macroscopic level, exemplified by studying such diverse areas as molecular networks and developmental processes, the immune and nervous systems, the heart, cancer and multi-organ failure. The volume concludes with Part IV that addresses methods and techniques driven in design and development by this new understanding of biomedical science. Key Topics Include: • Historic Perspectives of General Systems Thinking • Fundamental Methods and Techniques for Studying Complex Dynamical Systems • Applications from Molecular Networks to Disease Processes • Enabling Technologies for Exploration of Systems in the Life Sciences Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine is essential reading for experimental, theoretical, and interdisciplinary scientists working in the biomedical research field interested in a comprehensive overview of this rapidly emerging field. About the Editors: Thomas S. Deisboeck is currently Assistant Professor of Radiology at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston. An expert in interdisciplinary cancer modeling, Dr. Deisboeck is Director of the Complex Biosystems Modeling Laboratory which is part of the Harvard-MIT Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging. J. Yasha Kresh is currently Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Research Director, Professor of Medicine and Director of Cardiovascular Biophysics at the Drexel University College of Medicine. An expert in dynamical systems, he holds appointments in the School of Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Molecular Pathobiology Program. Prof. Kresh is Fellow of the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, Biomedical Engineering Society, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.

Health Care Delivery and Clinical Science: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522539271
Category: Medical
Page: 1596
View: 7396
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The development of better processes to provide proper healthcare has enhanced contemporary society. By implementing effective collaborative strategies, this ensures proper quality and instruction for both the patient and medical practitioners. Health Care Delivery and Clinical Science: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly material on emerging strategies and methods for delivering optimal healthcare and examines the latest techniques and methods of clinical science. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as medication management, health literacy, and patient engagement, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for professionals, practitioners, researchers, academics, and graduate students interested in healthcare delivery and clinical science.

Health Science Career Exploration


Author: Louise Simmers
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781401858094
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 386
View: 6467
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Provides an overview of the healthcare field, discussing safety, requirements, math, communication, and science skills, and basic career information.

Quality Caring in Nursing and Health Systems

Implications for Clinicians, Educators, and Leaders, 2nd Edition
Author: Joanne R. Duffy, PhD, RN, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826110150
Category: Medical
Page: 328
View: 7471
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First Edition named an AJN Book of the Year! ìJoanne Duffy makes a compelling argument in this book that relationships have been marginalized and no longer serve as the central organizing principle of health servicesÖThis book resonates with a virtual groundswell of findings regarding the importance of relationships for organizational performance and for human wellbeing.î -Jody Hoffer Gittell Professor of Management, Brandeis University This edition stresses the proven need for a return to the patient-centered care neglected through our health systemís emphasis on procedures, protocols, diagnostic testing, technology, and costs. It addresses the significant challenges to quality care posed by the upcoming changes in our health care system, and focuses on health systems, the role of nursing within them, and the interprofessional health team as the key to change ensuring high quality care. The book responds to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Actís focus on accountable care organizations, the recent IOMís Future of Nursing Report, the call for radical transformation of nursing education, and current evidence on patient safety and quality of care. This text explores the Quality-Caring Model©, which honors nursingís most deeply felt value, and can be applied to clinical, educational, and leadership practice to advance our nationís health system. Among the bookís strengths are its translation of theoretical knowledge to practical applications that can be used for clinical interventions and resolution of professional issues. Chapters include key terms, case studies along with practical exercises and references, and ìCalls to Actionî offering inspiration and guidance for implementing change. New to the Second Edition: Focuses on current challenges to quality care posed by upcoming changes to our health system Addresses health systems, the interprofessional health team, and the role of nursing within them Combines theoretical foundations for practice with clinical, leadership, and educational applications Examines the powerful role of relationships in promoting nursing excellence, improving patient satisfaction, and patient outcomes Serves as a key guide for graduate nurse educators and students, nurse leaders, and hospital leadership seeking Magnet certification Incorporates recommendations of the Affordable Care Actís focus on accountable care organizations, the IOMís Future of Nursing Report, educational transformation, and current research on safety and quality of care