Heat Wave

A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago
Author: Eric Klinenberg
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022627621X
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 9977
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On Thursday, July 13, 1995, Chicagoans awoke to a blistering day in which the temperature would reach 106 degrees. The heat index, which measures how the temperature actually feels on the body, would hit 126 degrees by the time the day was over. Meteorologists had been warning residents about a two-day heat wave, but these temperatures did not end that soon. When the heat wave broke a week later, city streets had buckled; the records for electrical use were shattered; and power grids had failed, leaving residents without electricity for up to two days. And by July 20, over seven hundred people had perished-more than twice the number that died in the Chicago Fire of 1871, twenty times the number of those struck by Hurricane Andrew in 1992—in the great Chicago heat wave, one of the deadliest in American history. Heat waves in the United States kill more people during a typical year than all other natural disasters combined. Until now, no one could explain either the overwhelming number or the heartbreaking manner of the deaths resulting from the 1995 Chicago heat wave. Meteorologists and medical scientists have been unable to account for the scale of the trauma, and political officials have puzzled over the sources of the city's vulnerability. In Heat Wave, Eric Klinenberg takes us inside the anatomy of the metropolis to conduct what he calls a "social autopsy," examining the social, political, and institutional organs of the city that made this urban disaster so much worse than it ought to have been. Starting with the question of why so many people died at home alone, Klinenberg investigates why some neighborhoods experienced greater mortality than others, how the city government responded to the crisis, and how journalists, scientists, and public officials reported on and explained these events. Through a combination of years of fieldwork, extensive interviews, and archival research, Klinenberg uncovers how a number of surprising and unsettling forms of social breakdown—including the literal and social isolation of seniors, the institutional abandonment of poor neighborhoods, and the retrenchment of public assistance programs—contributed to the high fatality rates. The human catastrophe, he argues, cannot simply be blamed on the failures of any particular individuals or organizations. For when hundreds of people die behind locked doors and sealed windows, out of contact with friends, family, community groups, and public agencies, everyone is implicated in their demise. As Klinenberg demonstrates in this incisive and gripping account of the contemporary urban condition, the widening cracks in the social foundations of American cities that the 1995 Chicago heat wave made visible have by no means subsided as the temperatures returned to normal. The forces that affected Chicago so disastrously remain in play in America's cities, and we ignore them at our peril. For the Second Edition Klinenberg has added a new Preface showing how climate change has made extreme weather events in urban centers a major challenge for cities and nations across our planet, one that will require commitment to climate-proofing changes to infrastructure rather than just relief responses.

Heat Wave

A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago
Author: Eric Klinenberg
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226443225
Category: History
Page: 305
View: 3521
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Why heat waves are such a quiet menace and how social conditions contributed to more than 700 deaths during a week-long wave of unprecedented heat and humidity in Chicago in 1995 are the focus of "Heat Wave" written by sociologist Klinenberg. Illustrations. Maps.

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Roman
Author: John Brunner
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 3641100550
Category: Fiction
Page: N.A
View: 8825
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„Sauerstoff – 25 Cent!“ Kurz nach der Jahrtausendwende steht die Menschheit am Abgrund: In den Städten ist die Luftverschmutzung so stark, dass man ohne Filtermasken das Haus nicht mehr verlassen kann; die Sonne sieht man nur noch selten; Meere und Seen sind verseucht; Leitungswasser zu trinken birgt ein unkalkulierbares Risiko. Die Verbrechensrate ist explodiert, die Menschen sind krank, immer mehr Kinder kommen missgebildet zur Welt. Wie bei einem Puzzle setzt sich nach und nach aus verschiedenen Handlungssträngen, Nachrichtenfetzen, Listen von Umweltgiften und Werbeslogans das erschreckende Bild einer Zukunft zusammen, die immer noch Wirklichkeit werden kann.

Zeitoun


Author: Dave Eggers
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462306693
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 8690
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»›Zeitoun‹ gehört zum Interessan testen, Packendsten und Aufregendsten, das man gerade lesen kann.« FAZ Dave Eggers erzählt in seiner vielfach ausgezeichneten literarischen Reportage die Geschichte der amerikanisch-syrischen FamilieZeitoun, die nach dem Hurrikan Katrina unschuldig ins Visier der amerikanischen Terrorismusfahnder gerät. Nachdem Hurrikan Katrina im August 2005 New Orleans verwüstet hat, schickt der Familienvater Abdulrahman Zeitoun seine Frau und die vier Kinder nach Arizona und bleibt selbst in der Stadt. Mit seinem Kanu fährt er durch die überfluteten Straßen und hilft, wo er kann – bis er am 6. September ohne Angabe von Gründen verhaftet und unter unmenschlichen Bedingungen festgehalten wird. Erst nach langen Wochen erreicht die Familie ein Lebenszeichen, und sie beginnt, um Zeitouns Freilassung zu kämpfen.Drei Jahre hat Dave Eggers in enger Zusammenarbeit mit der Familie Zeitoun an diesem Buch gearbeitet und herausgekommen ist »ein grandioser Reportage-Roman« (SZ). »Dave Eggers hat den Job des Schriftstellers brillant gemacht, er hat ihn in gewisser Weise für unsere Zeit neu erfunden.« (Spiegel Online) »Eine überwältigende literarische Reportage« (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) »Ein großartiger Tatsachenroman, der ein unglaubliches Heldendrama aus dem überschwemmten New Orleans erzählt.« (Süddeutsche Zeitung)

A Single Man


Author: Christopher Isherwood
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455812716
Category: Fiction
Page: 160
View: 4941
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Ein Tag im November 1962. In einem Vorort von Los Angeles lebt George. Seit Jim, sein Freund, ums Leben gekommen ist, ist ihm "das amerikanische Utopia" die Hölle auf Erden. Mühsam schleppt er sich durch den Tag: Er gibt einen Kurs an der Uni, besucht seine beste Freundin, fährt durch die Gegend - vor allem aber seziert er in einem unaufhaltsamen Gedankenstrom seine Umwelt. Auch dieser Tag scheint vorüberzugehen wie all die anderen zuvor, bis George nachts am Strand einem Studenten begegnet... Ein zutiefst berührender Roman, der von bitterer Einsamkeit und der Furcht vor dem Anderssein erzählt, dem Scheitern zwischenmenschlicher Kommunikation und einer Gesellschaft, die vor all dem die Augen verschließt. - 2009 kongenial von Tom Ford verfilmt, mit Colin Firth und Julianne Moore.

Fighting for Air

The Battle to Control America's Media
Author: Eric Klinenberg
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
ISBN: 9781429923606
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 420
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A groundbreaking investigative work by a critically acclaimed sociologist on the corporate takeover of local news and what it means for all Americans For the residents of Minot, North Dakota, Clear Channel Communications is synonymous with disaster. Early in the morning of January 18, 2002, a train derailment sent a cloud of poisonous gas drifting toward the small town. Minot's fire and rescue departments attempted to reach Clear Channel, which owned and operated all six local commercial radio stations, to warn residents of the approaching threat. But in the age of canned programming and virtual DJs, there was no one in the conglomerate's studio to take the call. The people of Minot were taken unawares. The result: one death and more than a thousand injuries. Opening with the story of the Minot tragedy, Eric Klinenberg's Fighting for Air takes us into the world of preprogrammed radio shows, empty television news stations, and copycat newspapers to show how corporate ownership and control of local media has remade American political and cultural life. Klinenberg argues that the demise of truly local media stems from the federal government's malign neglect, as the agencies charged with ensuring diversity and open competition have ceded control to the very conglomerates that consistently undermine these values and goals. Such "big media" may not be here to stay, however. Fighting for Air delivers a call to action, revealing a rising generation of new media activists and citizen journalists—a coalition of liberals and conservatives—who are demanding and even creating the local coverage they need and deserve.

Fatal Isolation

The Devastating Paris Heat Wave of 2003
Author: Richard C. Keller
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022625643X
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 5719
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In a cemetery on the southern outskirts of Paris lie the bodies of nearly a hundred of what some have called the first casualties of global climate change. They were the so-called abandoned victims of the worst natural disaster in French history, the devastating heat wave that struck in August 2003, leaving 15,000 dead. They died alone in Paris and its suburbs, and were then buried at public expense, their bodies unclaimed. They died, and to a great extent lived, unnoticed by their neighbors--their bodies undiscovered in some cases until weeks after their deaths. Fatal Isolation tells the stories of these victims and the catastrophe that took their lives. It explores the multiple narratives of disaster--the official story of the crisis and its aftermath, as presented by the media and the state; the life stories of the individual victims, which both illuminate and challenge the ways we typically perceive natural disasters; and the scientific understandings of disaster and its management. Fatal Isolation is both a social history of risk and vulnerability in the urban landscape and a story of how a city copes with emerging threats and sudden, dramatic change.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können
Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641222915
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 4725
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Minimum

Vom Vergehen und Neuentstehen unserer Gemeinschaft
Author: Frank Schirrmacher
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 364101266X
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 3308
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Warum man Freunde gewinnen muss – und was es kostet Unsere sozialen Beziehungen werden in den nächsten Jahrzehnten einer großen Belastung ausgesetzt: Sie werden knapp werden wie ein kostbarer Rohstoff. Schon heute bewegen sie sich in Teilen des Landes auf ein historisch nie gekanntes Minimum zu. Als Ergebnis der unumstößlichen Schrumpfung unserer Gesellschaft und aufgrund vielfältiger Globalisierungseffekte wird es eine Reduzierung unserer kleinsten Welt, der unserer Freunde und Familien geben. Diese Revolution wird sich in allen Lebensbereichen Geltung verschaffen: in der Politik wie in der Kultur, in der Wissenschaft wie im Alltag. Wer ist da, wenn niemand mehr da ist? Jeder hat gelernt, dass er für die Zukunft vorsorgen muss. Wir sollen sparen, Geld und Vorräte anlegen. Aber kann man eigentlich Kinder sparen, die man nie geboren hat? Zu den knappen Rohstoffen der Zukunft wird etwas gehören, das man nicht sparen kann: Verwandte, Freunde, Beziehungen, kurzum das, was man soziales Kapital nennt. In den kommenden Jahren wird sich unsere Lebensweise radikal verändern. In vielen Ländern Europas wird eine wachsende Zahl von Kindern in ihrer eigenen Generation wenige oder gar keine Blutsverwandte mehr haben. Künftig sehen sich ganze Landstriche, wie heute schon Teile Ostdeutschlands, mit einer Wanderungsbewegung junger Frauen konfrontiert; zurück bleiben Männer, deren Chancen, eine Partnerin zu finden, immer geringer werden. Frank Schirrmacher zeigt, dass unsere Gesellschaften auf diese Entwertung ihres sozialen Kapitals nicht vorbereitet sind: Der Wohlfahrtsstaat zieht sich in einem Moment als großer Ernährer zurück, in dem sich das private Versorgungsnetz aus Freundschaft, Verwandtschaft und Familie auflöst. Kann es in diesem Umfeld Uneigennützigkeit und Altruismus, selbstlose Hilfe und Unterstützung für den anderen überhaupt noch geben? Der Zusammenbruch unserer sozialen Grundfesten zwingt uns, unser alltägliches Zusammenleben von Grund auf umzuorganisieren. Dabei werden Frauen eine alles entscheidende Rolle spielen. "Wenn du einen Jungen erziehst, erziehst du eine Person, wenn du ein Mädchen erziehst, erziehst du eine Familie und eine ganze Gemeinschaft - ja, eine Nation." (JAMES D. WOLFENSOHN, EHEMALIGER WELTBANKPRÄSIDENT)

Qualitative Forschung

Analysen und Diskussionen – 10 Jahre Berliner Methodentreffen
Author: Günter Mey,Katja Mruck
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658055383
Category: Social Science
Page: 335
View: 2140
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In dem Band werden im ersten Teil von führenden Repräsentant_innen Analysen zum Stand der qualitativen Forschung geleistet, aus denen nicht nur deren Leistungsfähigkeit erkennbar wird, sondern auch zukünftige Entwicklungen kartiert werden. Spezielle Herausforderungen qualitativer Forschung werden im zweiten Teil in einem innovativen Format präsentiert, indem Forschende sich in Gesprächen über zentrale Fragen, Probleme und Perspektiven qualitativer Forschungspraxis austauschen.

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities for Children and their Families after Disasters

A Global Survey
Author: Adenrele Awotona
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443818208
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 485
View: 6457
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Disasters impose enormous misery on children, the most vulnerable members of the community. Records show that two million children have died as a direct consequence of armed conflict over the past decade. Globally, millions more have suffered death, disease, and dislocation as a result of such natural disasters as earthquakes, droughts, and floods. And even when emergency relief is available, permanent human damage remains; all too often, families fall apart, women are assaulted and degraded, and children are left to take care of themselves. In November 2008, the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters at the University of Massachusetts Boston, USA, hosted an international conference to examine how to reconstruct sustainable communities that would be safe and secure for children and their families after disasters. This volume collects some of the papers that were presented at the conference. It is remarkable for the sheer assortment of topics covered. These include the role of gender equality in alleviating poverty and assisting children, their families and their communities after disasters; war and child soldiers; lessons from Hurricane Katrina and the Tsunami; the nature of psychosocial resilience and its significance for managing mass emergencies, disasters and terrorism; and, the promotion of human dignity in the creation of sustainable environments that empower families in the aftermath of disasters.

Climate Change and Public Health


Author: Barry Levy,Jonathan Patz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190202467
Category: Medical
Page: 368
View: 9372
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Climate change is causing, and will increasingly cause, a wide range of adverse health effects, including heat-related disorders, infectious diseases, respiratory and allergic disorders, malnutrition, mental health problems, and violence. The scientific bases for the associations between climate change and health problems are evolving as are the strategies for adapting to climate change and mitigating the greenhouse gases, which are its primary cause. With contributions from 78 leading experts in climate change and in public health, this book contains a concise and comprehensive book that represents a core curriculum on climate change and public health, including key strategies for adaptation and mitigation. Written primarily for students and mid-career professionals in public health and environmental sciences, the book clearly describes concepts and their application to the health impacts of climate change. Chapters are supplemented with case studies, graphs, tables and photographs. The book's organization in 15 chapters makes it an ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses in public health, environmental sciences, public policy, and other fields.

Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters


Author: Joshua L. Miller
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519761
Category: Psychology
Page: 360
View: 4089
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Disaster responders treat more than just the immediate emotional and psychological trauma of victims: they empower individuals and families to heal themselves long into a disaster's aftermath. This requires helping survivors to rebuild their ability to meet their emotional and psychological needs, not only for themselves but also for others, which necessitates a careful consideration of survivors' social, economic, and political realities as their communities heal and recover. This comprehensive book integrates Western mental health approaches and international models of psychosocial capacity building within a social ecology framework, providing practitioners and volunteers with a blueprint for individual, family, group, and community interventions. Joshua L. Miller focuses on a range of disasters at local, regional, national, and international levels. Global case studies explore the social, psychological, economic, political, and cultural issues affecting various reactions to disaster and illustrate the importance of drawing on local cultural practices to promote empowerment and resiliency. Miller encourages developing people's capacity to direct their own recovery, using a social ecology framework to conceptualize disasters and their consequences. He also considers sources of vulnerability and how to support individual, family, and community resiliency; adapt and implement traditional disaster mental health interventions in different contexts; use groups and activities to facilitate recovery as part of a larger strategy of psychosocial capacity building; and foster collective grieving and memorializing. Miller's text examines the unique dynamics of intergroup conflict and the relationship between psychosocial healing, social justice, and peace and reconciliation. Each chapter ends with a mindfulness exercise, and a section reviews practitioner self-care.

Heat Islands

Understanding and Mitigating Heat in Urban Areas
Author: Lisa Mummery Gartland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136564209
Category: Architecture
Page: 208
View: 7695
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Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Time, Consumption and Everyday Life

Practice, Materiality and Culture
Author: Elizabeth Shove,Frank Trentmann,Richard Wilk
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847886248
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 650
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Has material civilization spun out of control, becoming too fast for our own well-being and that of the planet? This book confronts these anxieties and examines the changing rhythms and temporal organization of everyday life. How do people handle hurriedness, burn-out and stress? Are slower forms of consumption viable? In case studies covering the United States, Asia and Europe, international experts follow routines and rhythms, their emotional and political dynamics and show how they are anchored in material culture and everyday practice. Running themes of the book are questions of coordination and disruption; cycles and seasons; and the interplay between power and freedom, and between material and natural forces. The result is a volume that brings studies of practice, temporality and material culture together to open up a new intellectual agenda.

The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual E-Book


Author: Christopher A. Sanford,Elaine C. Jong
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437710697
Category: Medical
Page: 688
View: 2565
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Prevent, evaluate, and manage diseases that can be acquired in tropical environments and foreign countries with The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual. This pragmatic, pocket-sized resource equips medical providers with the knowledge they need to offer effective aid, covering key topics in pre- and post-travel medicine, caring for immigrants and refugees, and working in low-resource settings. It's also the perfect source for travelers seeking quick, easy access to the latest travel medicine information. Dynamic images illustrate key concepts for an enhanced visual understanding. Evidence-based treatment recommendations enable you to manage diseases confidently. Pocket-sized format provides access to need-to-know information quickly and easily. Highlights new evidence and content surrounding mental health and traveling. Covers emerging hot topics such as Ebola virus disease, viral hemorrhagic fevers, the role of point-of-care testing in travel medicine, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in returning travelers and students traveling abroad. Includes an enhanced drug appendix in the back of the book.

Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten
Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593507668
Category: Political Science
Page: 429
View: 8106
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In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ