In The Path Of Hizbullah


Author: Ahmad Nizar Hamzeh
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815630531
Category: History
Page: 196
View: 356
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Of the many Islamist groups that have emerged within the Muslim world over the last two decades, perhaps none has had so great an impact on Middle Eastern and International affairs as Hizbullah, the Party of God. This group of mainly Lebanese Shi'ite Muslims gained both infamy and fame by its resort to militancy mixed with political pragmatism in the pursuit of its goals. The oscillation between these two extremes has left most scholars and policymakers perplexed. for other Islamist groups and their challenges to contemporary politics. A. Nizar Hamzeh examines the Hizbullah of Lebanon through a structural analysis using original and archival sources. Based on a constructed theoretical framework from a number of theories on crisis conditions, leadership, political parties and guerrilla warfare, In the Path of Hizbullah stands alone in its qualitative and quantitative treatment of one of the most complex contemporary Islamist organizations and provides a view of the party's future.

Hizbullah's Documents

From the 1985 Open Letter to the 2009 Manifesto
Author: Joseph Elie Alagha
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9048513375
Category: Religion
Page: 222
View: 4350
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Compilation and translation into English of the original primary documents in Arabic.

Hizbullah, Party of God

An Islamic Movement Perspective
Author: Abdar Rahman Koya
Publisher: The Other Press
ISBN: 983954148X
Category: Islam and politics
Page: 142
View: 5238
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Die Beziehungen zwischen Amal und Hizbullah während des libanesischen Bürgerkriegs

Von friedlicher Koexistenz zum schiitischen Bruderkrieg?
Author: Carolin Deitmer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640948793
Category:
Page: 64
View: 3310
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Essay aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit, Note: 1,7, Otto-von-Guericke-Universitat Magdeburg (Institut fur Politikwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Politische Gewalt im Nahen Osten, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Anlasslich der Kommunalwahlen Ende Mai 2010 im Sudlibanon betonte Hassan Nasrallah, Generalsekretar der Hizbullah, die Wichtigkeit seines Bundnisses mit der Amal fur den Sudlibanon: We believe that our alliance with Amal in the municipal elections is part of the strategic alliance that protects the resistance's popular base" (The Free Library 2010). Beschaftigt man sich naher mit der politischen Geschichte Libanons des 20. Jahrhunderts, so ist diese Aussage uberaus bemerkenswert, denn so hatten Amal und Hizbullah, zwei Schiiten-Organisationen, wahrend des libanesischen Burgerkriegs einen blutigen Krieg gegeneinander gefuhrt. Ebenfalls erstaunlich ist, dass die Kampfe ausbrachen, obwohl beide Gruppierungen die schiitische Gemeinschaft im Sudlibanon vertraten, sie einige Zeit relativ friedlich koexistierten und die Hizbullah sogar 1983 aus der Amal hervorgegangen war. Auf Grund dieser Komplexitat und Widerspruchlichkeit in den Beziehungen zwischen zwei Gewaltgruppen, die beide schiitische Wurzeln haben, setzt sich diese Arbeit zum Ziel, ihr Verhaltnis naher zu beleuchten. Besonderer Fokus liegt auf den Veranderungen in den Beziehungen wahrend der 1980er Jahre. Was loste den innerschiitischen Krieg aus? Im Mittelpunkt der Analyse stehen das Selbstverstandnis beider Gruppierungen und die Wirkung des israelischen Truppenruckzugs aus dem Sudlibanon auf die Beziehungen Amal-Hizbullah. Israel hatte 1982 in der Operation fur Galilaa" den Sudlibanon besetzt, 1985 seine Truppen bis zur Sicherheitszone rund um den Fluss Litani zuruckgezogen und so ein Machtvakuum eroffnet. Der Arbeit liegt die Hypothese zu Grunde, dass die Beziehungen zwischen den schiitischen Gruppen schon vor 1985, das heisst vor de

Hizbullah

The Story from Within
Author: Naim Qassem
Publisher: Saqi
ISBN: 0863568637
Category: Political Science
Page: 463
View: 7035
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Hizbullah ('Party of God') is one of the Middle East's major political forces. Sheikh Naim Qassem, its Deputy Secretary-General, provides and insider's view of this Shi'ite resistance group turned political party, from its inception to the present day. Formed in 1982 in response to Israel's invasion of Lebanon, Hizbullah was instrumental in forcing Israel to withdraw its troops in 2000. During the 1990s, after many years functioning as both a guerrilla movement and a social-support provider to Lebanese victims of war, Hizbullah moved into mainstream parliamentary politi. The group's mandate is laid out here, allowing access to the mindset of this important party at a crucial stage of its development. 'A comprehensive guide to the mandate of one of the Middle East's major political forces.' Washington Report on Middle Eastern Affairs 'A fascinating account of the creation and rise of Hizbullah.' London Review of Books

The Hizbullah Phenomenon

Politics and Communication
Author: Lina Khatib,Dina Matar,Atef Alshaer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199384401
Category: History
Page: 229
View: 5825
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"Hizbullah's management of its image and identity are scrutinised by the authors alongside analysis of the movement's communication strategy, political behaviour and performance"--Provided by publisher.

Hizbullah's Identity Construction


Author: Joseph Elie Alagha
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089642978
Category: Political Science
Page: 308
View: 8985
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"The important study [title] offers a revolutionary new perspective on the political phenomenon of Hizbullah whose evolution has frequently confounded scholars and politicians. Drawing on his unparalleled access to primary sources, Alagha has produced a unique work which traces all the shifts in Hizbullah's construction and reconstruction of its identity."--Publisher's site.

The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology

Religious Ideology, Political Ideology and Political Program
Author: Joseph Elie Alagha
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053569103
Category: Religion
Page: 380
View: 1428
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Analyses of the political and ideological transformation of Hizbullah.

Der Weg der Hizbullah

Demokratietauglichkeit, Konflikt- und Stabilisierungspotenziale im Libanon
Author: Manuel Samir Sakmani
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Lebanon
Page: 204
View: 5051
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Erklärungskraft und Grenzen des spoiler-Konzeptes am Fallbeispiel der Hizbullah


Author: Ismail Küpeli
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640270320
Category:
Page: 56
View: 3660
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Naher Osten, Vorderer Orient, Note: 1,3, Universitat Duisburg-Essen, 17 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Wie lasst sich Frieden erreichen und nachhaltig konsolidieren? Die Antworten auf diese Frage sind vielfaltig. Neben Ansatzen, die von einem grundsatzlichen Interesse aller Akteure am Frieden ausgehen, hat seit Mitte der 1990er Jahre das spoiler-Konzept an Bedeutung gewonnen. Hier wird argumentiert, dass die erfolgreiche Etablierung und Umsetzung von Friedensabkommen zur Beendigung von Konflikten mit Beteiligung von (nicht-staatlichen) Gewaltakteuren von vielen Faktoren abhangt, die nicht alle genugend gewurdigt wurden. Neben Massnahmen zur Schaffung von Sicherheit, power-sharing und Versohnung der fruheren Kriegsgegner ist ebenfalls die Identifizierung von spoilern," d.h. von Akteuren, die einen Friedensprozess unterlaufen, blockieren oder sabotieren" (Schneckener 2003: 4) und ein adaquater Umgang mit ihnen notwendig. Dies ist des Weiteren auch deswegen relevant, weil Friedensprozesse besondere Risiken erzeugen und in vielen Fallen die casualties of failed peace [...] infinitely higher than the casualties of war" (Stedman 1997: 5) sind. Die bisherige Forschung uber spoiler ist durch die Perspektive der internationalen und westlichen Akteure gepragt. Dies fuhrt auch dazu, dass beim Umgang mit spoilern der Schwerpunkt auf die Massnahmen der internationalen Akteure gelegt wird. So sei etwa [t]he crucial difference between the success and failure of spoilers" die role played by international actors" (Stedman 1997: 6). Uber die internen Prozesse, durch die Akteure sich zu spoilern entwickeln und ggf. auch wieder zu mehr Kooperation im Friedensprozess finden, ist noch wenig bekannt. Als ein Beispiel fur einen spoiler, der verschiedene Stadien durchlebte und trotz vieler Widerspruchlichkeiten und anzunehmender Hindernisse den Friedensprozess akzeptierte"

Islamic Extremism

Causes, Diversity, and Challenges
Author: Monte Palmer,Princess Palmer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742555181
Category: Political Science
Page: 291
View: 3278
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This accessible and deeply informed book examines the threat that Islamic extremists pose to America and provides a balanced discussion of the link between Iraq and the war on terror. Explaining the basics of Islam and guiding the reader through the intricacies of each significant fundamentalist group, the Palmers answer key questions: Who are the Muslim extremists and how do they fit within the broader context of the Islamic religion? What is their war plan and how do they operate? Who are their allies and what are their weaknesses? What is the experience of Israel, the Islamic world, and the United States in fighting extremists? How can they be defeated? Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, the book includes new chapters on Hamas, the Iraqi clones of Hizbullah—including Sadr—and the Islamic government in Turkey.

Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival

The Politics of Ideas in the Middle East
Author: Martin Seth Kramer
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412817390
Category: Political Science
Page: 305
View: 9872
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Over the past decade, the political ground beneath the Middle East has shifted. Arab nationalism the political orthodoxy for most of this century has lost its grip on the imagination and allegiance of a new generation. At the same time, Islam as an ideology has spread across the region, and "Islamists" bid to capture the center of politics. Most Western scholars and experts once hailed the redemptive power of Arabism. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival is a critical assessment of the contradictions of Arab nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism, and the misrepresentation of both in the West. The first part of the book argues that Arab nationalism--the so-called Arab awakening--bore within it the seeds of its own failure. Arabism as an idea drew upon foreign sources and resources. Even as it claimed to liberate the Arabs from imperialism it deepened intellectual dependence upon the West's own romanticism and radicalism. Ultimately, Arab nationalism became a force of oppression rather than liberation, and a mirror image of the imperialism it defied. Kramer's essays together form the only chronological telling and the at fully documented postmortem of Arabism. The second part of the book examines the similar failings of Islamism, whose ideas are Islamic reworkings of Western ideological radicalism. Its effect has been to give new life to old rationales for oppression, authoritarianism, and sectarian division. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival provides an alternative view of a century of Middle Eastern history. As the region moves fitfully past ideology, Kramer's perspective is more compelling than at any time in the past-in Western academe no less than among many in the Middle. This book will be of interest to sociologists, political scientists, economists, and Middle East specialists.

Fundamentalisms and the State

Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance
Author: Martin E. Marty
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226508849
Category: Religion
Page: 676
View: 2640
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This third volume of the Fundamentalism Project provides a systematic overview of the advances made by antisecular religious movements over the past twenty-five years. The distinguished contributors to this volume - economists, political scientists, religious historians, social anthropologists, and sociologists - focus on the impact these movements have had on national economies, political parties, constitutional issues, and international relations on five continents and within the religious traditions of Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Do fundamentalisms tend toward political activism, and how successful have they been in remaking political structures? To answer this question and others, the contributors discuss the anti-abortion movement in the U.S., the Islamic war of resistance in Afghanistan, and Shiite jurisprudence in Iran. Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby conclude the volume with a synthetic statement of fundamentalist impact on polities, economies, and state security. The Fundamentalism Project is a monumental undertaking by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences that involves an international group of scholars. Taken together, the volumes in this series will become a standard reference for educators and policy analysts for years to come.

Political Civility in the Middle East


Author: Frederic Volpi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317977815
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 4487
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Contemporary debates about civility are shaped by the dominant liberal and secular narratives of a peaceful world of sovereign nation-states. For contemporary scholars and policy makers, the challenge is to insert meaningfully the political evolution of the Middle East in the dominant liberal-democratic discourse about the current international order without invoking ill-conceived notions of Islamic exceptionalism. The analyses gathered in this book challenge conventional ‘western’ perspectives on civility as an expression of state-guaranteed free association in a non-violent space of discourse and behaviour. Considering the articulation of ‘civil’ and ‘civilized’ state-society relations in contemporary Middle Eastern polities, this book proposes both conceptual and empirical insights into the dynamics of the local, national and trans-national formation of civility and of the civil sphere. Bypassing traditional oppositions between the ‘western’ and ‘Islamic’ modernity, it provides an account of the communicative clusters of civility that represent the everyday formations of Islamic and secular subjects in settings organized by authoritarian-inclined state institutions and practices. It examines how the grassroots formation of ‘new’ religious and secular identities/subjectivities and their relations with the ‘Other’ underpin, as well as challenge and transform, the state-led processes of political ordering of a national and regional community. This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.

Saudi Arabia: Islamic Threat, Political reform, and the Global War on Terror


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428910115
Category:
Page: 72
View: 313
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U.S. foreign policy and the domestic concerns of Middle Eastern states are influencing the pursuit of the global war on terror in the Middle East. A close view of Saudi Arabia reveals the complex interaction of these forces. The U.S. relationship with Saudi Arabia and the global war on terror are important challenges to the U.S. administration that have region-wide ramifications. Saudi Arabia has been facing down Islamist insurgency along with other challenges since September 11, 2001 and with even more urgency since May 2OO3. The Kingdom clearly remains a major political and economic force in the region. The income from its vast oil resources primarily has funded its strong influence, and the Kingdom has, in turn sponsored poorer developing Arab nations. Furthermore, its Islamic influence has been apparent in the broader Muslim world, and the United States has maintained a strong relationship with the Kingdom for many decades.

Conspiracy Theories in the United States and the Middle East

A Comparative Approach
Author: Michael Butter,Maurus Reinkowski
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110372991
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 387
View: 9187
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So far most scholars have studied conspiracy theories within national frameworks only. Focusing on the United States and the Middle East, two regions entangled in multiple ways, this book draws attention to the fact that conspiracist visions are transnational narratives that travel between and connect different cultures.

Profiles in Terror

The Guide to Middle East Terrorist Organizations
Author: Aaron Mannes
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742535251
Category: Political Science
Page: 372
View: 8093
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Presents information on terrorist organizations in the Middle East, with descriptions of their ideology, financial resources, areas of operation, targets, and a chronology of the attacks and events they are responsible for.

The Rise of Nuclear Iran

How Tehran Defies the West
Author: Dore Gold
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1596981210
Category: Political Science
Page: 390
View: 4037
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In the West, liberal politicians and pundits are calling for renewed diplomatic engagement with Iran, convinced that Tehran will respond to reason and halt its nuclear weapons program. Yet countries have repeatedly tried diplomatic tactics, all of which have utterly failed. In The Rise of Nuclear Iran, Gold examines these past failures and shows how Iran employed strategic deception and delay tactics to hide its intentions from the West.

The Islamic Threat

Myth or Reality?
Author: John L. Esposito
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019982665X
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 2228
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Are Islam and the West on a collision course? From the Ayatollah Khomeini to Saddam Hussein, the image of Islam as a militant, expansionist, and rabidly anti-American religion has gripped the minds of Western governments and media. But these perceptions, John L. Esposito writes, stem from a long history of mutual distrust, criticism, and condemnation, and are far too simplistic to help us understand one of the most important political issues of our time. In this new edition of The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?, Esposito places the challenge of Islam in critical perspective. Exploring the vitality of this religion as a global force and the history of its relations with the West, Esposito demonstrates the diversity of the Islamic resurgence--and the mistakes our analysts make in assuming a hostile, monolithic Islam. This third edition has been expanded to include new material on current affairs in Turkey, Afghanistan, Palestine, and Southeast Asia, as well as a discussion of international terrorism.