Horse of Karbala

Muslim Devotional Life in India
Author: D. Pinault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137047658
Category: Social Science
Page: 257
View: 4538
Horse of Karbala is a study of Muharram rituals and interfaith relations in three locations in India: Ladakh, Darjeeling, and Hyderabad. These rituals commemorate an event of vital importance to Shia Muslims: the seventh-century death of the Imam Husain, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, at the battlefield of Karbala in Iraq. Pinault examines three different forms of ritual commemoration of Husain's death - poetry-recital and self-flagellation in Hyderabad; stick-fighting in Darjeeling; and the 'Horse of Karbala' procession, in which a stallion representing the mount ridden in battle by Husain is made the center of a public parade in Ladakh and other Indian localities. The book looks at how publicly staged rituals serve to mediate communal relations: in Hyderabad and Darjeeling, between Muslim and Hindu populations; in Ladakh, between Muslims and Buddhists. Attention is also given to controversies within Muslim communities over issues related to Muharram such as the belief in intercession by the Karbala Martyrs on behalf of individual believers.

The Women of Karbala

Ritual Performance and Symbolic Discourses in Modern Shi'i Islam
Author: Kamran Scot Aghaie
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292784449
Category: Religion
Page: 309
View: 4640
Commemorating the Battle of Karbala, in which the Prophet Mohammad's grandson Hosayn and seventy-two of his family members and supporters were martyred in 680 CE, is the central religious observance of Shi'i Islam. Though much has been written about the rituals that reenact and venerate Karbala, until now no one has studied women's participation in these observances. This collection of original essays by a multidisciplinary team of scholars analyzes the diverse roles that women have played in the Karbala rituals, as well as the varied ways in which gender-coded symbols have been used within religious and political discourses. The contributors to this volume consider women as participants in and observers of the Karbala rituals in Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, India, Pakistan, and the United States. They find that women's experiences in the Shi'i rituals vary considerably from one community to another, based on regional customs, personal preferences, religious interpretations, popular culture, and socioeconomic background. The authors also examine the gender symbolism within the rituals, showing how it reinforces distinctions between the genders while it also highlights the centrality of women to the symbolic repertory of Shi'ism. Overall, the authors conclude that while Shi'i rituals and symbols have in some ways been used to restrict women's social roles, in other ways they have served to provide women with a sense of independence and empowerment.

The Leader of Karbala

Author: N.A
Publisher: abbas alasfoor
Page: N.A
View: 5027

The Shi‘a in Modern South Asia

Author: Justin Jones,Ali Usman Qasmi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110710890X
Category: History
Page: 218
View: 4834
""Explores various Shi'i communities across South Asia, revealing the many forms of Shi'i religion within this important region, and examining the responses of these communities to the many transformations of the modern world"--Provided by publisher"--

Fatima: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199803934
Category: Social Science
Page: 12
View: 2424
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit

The Martyrs of Karbala

Shi'i Symbols and Rituals in Modern Iran
Author: Kamran Scot Aghaie
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 029580078X
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 5501
This innovative study examines patterns of change in Shi�i symbols and rituals over the past two centuries to reveal how modernization has influenced the societal, political, and religious culture of Iran. Shi�is, who support the Prophet Mohammad�s progeny as his successors in opposition to the Sunni caliphate tradition, make up 10 to 15 percent of the world�s Muslim population, roughly half of whom live in Iran. Throughout the early history of the Islamic Middle East, the Sunnis have been associated with the state and the ruling elite, while Shi�is have most often represented the political opposition and have had broad appeal among the masses. Moharram symbols and rituals commemorate the Battle of Karbala in 680 CE, in which the Prophet Mohammad�s grandson Hoseyn and most of his family and supporters were massacred by the troops of the Umayyad caliph Yazid. Moharram symbols and rituals are among the most pervasive and popular aspects of Iranian culture and society. This book traces patterns of continuity and change of Moharran symbols and rituals in three aspects of Iranian life: the importance of these rituals in promoting social bonds, status, identities, and ideals; ways in which the three major successive regimes (Qujars, Pahlavis, and the Islamic Republic), have either used these rituals to promote their legitimacy, or have suppressed them because they viewed them as a potential political threat; and the uses of Moharram symbolism by opposition groups interested in overthrowing the regime. While the patterns of government patronage have been radically discontinuous over the past two centuries, the roles of these rituals in popular society and culture have been relatively continuous or have evolved independently of the state. The political uses of modern-day rituals and the enduring symbolism of the Karbala narratives continue today.

Places in Motion

The Fluid Identities of Temples, Images, and Pilgrims
Author: Jacob N. Kinnard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199359687
Category: Religion
Page: 320
View: 8628
Jacob Kinnard offers an in-depth examination of the complex dynamics of religiously charged places. Focusing on several important shared and contested pilgrimage places-Ground Zero and Devils Tower in the United States, Ayodhya and Bodhgaya in India, Karbala in Iraq-he poses a number of crucial questions. What and who has made these sites important, and why? How are they shared, and how and why are they contested? What is at stake in their contestation? How are the particular identities of place and space established? How are individual and collective identity intertwined with space and place? Challenging long-accepted, clean divisions of the religious world, Kinnard explores specific instances of the vibrant messiness of religious practice, the multivocality of religious objects, the fluid and hybrid dynamics of religious places, and the shifting and tangled identities of religious actors. He contends that sacred space is a constructed idea: places are not sacred in and of themselves, but are sacred because we make them sacred. As such, they are in perpetual motion, transforming themselves from moment to moment and generation to generation. Places in Motion moves comfortably across and between a variety of historical and cultural settings as well as academic disciplines, providing a deft and sensitive approach to the topic of sacred places, with awareness of political, economic, and social realities as these exist in relation to questions of identity. It is a lively and much needed critical advance in analytical reflections on sacred space and pilgrimage.

Reliving Karbala

Martyrdom in South Asian Memory
Author: Syed Akbar Hyder
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195189302
Category: History
Page: 261
View: 2161
Notes on Transliteration p. xv Introduction p. 3 1 Visions and Re-visions of Karbala p. 13 2 Mourning in Migrant Spaces p. 61 3 Commemorative Politics and Poetics p. 73 4 Lyrical Martyrdom p. 105 5 Iqbal and Karbala p. 137 6 From Communal to Ecumenical p. 161 Conclusion p. 203 Glossary p. 211 Notes p. 217 Bibliography p. 239 Index p. 251

The Battle of Karbala

A Marsiya of Mir Anis
Author: Mir Babbar Ali Anis
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789695160442
Category: Elegiac poetry, Urdu
Page: 248
View: 8475

Queen of the Desert

The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell
Author: Georgina Howell
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 1447286251
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 8778
Archaeologist, spy, Arabist, linguist, author, poet, photographer, mountaineer and nation builder, Gertrude Bell was born in 1868 into a world of privilege and plenty, but she turned her back on all that for her passion for the Arab peoples, becoming the architect of the independent kingdom of Iraq and seeing its first king Faisal safely onto the throne in 1921. Queen of the Desert is her story, vividly told and impeccably researched, drawing on Gertrude's own writings, both published and unpublished. Previously published as Daughter of the Desert, this is a compelling portrait of a woman who transcended the restrictions of her class and age and in so doing created a remarkable and enduring legacy. 'What a great Oscar-laden biopic this will make ...the combination of epic scenes and personal drama makes Georgina Howell's saga a winner' Daily Express 'Howell sketches in the gradations of colour and emotion that have been lacking in hitherto monochrome accounts of Bell's life ... Exemplary' Sunday Times 'Riveting ... few women have had a life more worth reading about.' Diana Athill, Literary Review

Son of Karbala

Author: Fadhlalla Haeri
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 234
View: 7683
Shares the author's personal story set against a backdrop of the political history of Iraq and its surrounding regions, in a spiritual memoir that recounts his youth in Karbala, European education, U.S.-based career, and ongoing struggle to find truth and meaning. Original.

Das Arabische Reich und sein Sturz

Author: Julius Wellhausen
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3961670609
Category: History
Page: 364
View: 9245
Julius Wellhausen ( 1844 - 1918 ) war ein deutscher protestantischer Theologe und Orientalist, der nachhaltigen Einfluss auf die Forschung zum Alten Testament sowie zur frühislamischen Geschichte hatte. Er war einer der Begründer der modernen Bibelkritik. Die nach ihm benannte Wellhausen-Schule spricht weiten Teilen der biblischen Überlieferung die Historizität ab und betrachtet sie lediglich als Projektion späterer Epochen, speziell der Königszeit. Sie bediente sich dabei methodisch ausschließlich der literarischen Analyse antiker Texte. Wellhausen stellte einige noch heute diskutierte Thesen auf, unter anderem, die Neuere Urkundenhypothese. Wellhausen fasste mehrere bedeutende Arbeiten zur Geschichte des frühen Islams ab, darunter der 1902 erschienene vorliegende Band "Das arabische Reich und sein Sturz" der sich mit den Gründen des Niedergangs der Dynastie der Umayyaden auseinandersetzt, wobei die Rolle der Abbasiden nach dem Untergang der Umayyaden vernachlässigt wird. Das Buch ist in neun Kapitel eingeteilt, deren Titel uns auf die Fakten des jeweiligen Kapitels hinweisen. Sorgfältig überarbeiteter Nachdruck der Originalausgabe von 1902.

Najaf, the Gate of wisdom

Author: Tabbaa, Yasser,Mervin, Sabrina
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9231000284
Category: Education
Page: 200
View: 6566
Najaf : The Gate of Wisdom is an introduction to one of the world's most sacred cities, illustrated with over 120 photographs and written by authors with first-hand experience of the city. The resting place of Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib - considered by Shi'i Islam the rightful successor to the Prophet Muhammed - Najaf is endowed with a unique spiritual significance for millions of Muslims. This book traces the city's history to the present day by surveying its urban form and major religious monuments, providing insight into Shi'i rituals, pilgrimages and funerals in the cemetery of Wadi al-Salam, and offering vivid portraits of its people.

Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran

Author: Pedram Khosronejad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135711674
Category: Social Science
Page: 174
View: 3950
Today, almost a generation has passed since the Iran–Iraq war and the memory of it is set to diminish with each passing generation. The following questions emerge. Can we say that the gradual disappearance of war’s memory means that, increasingly, Iranians will see the Iran–Iraq war solely as an historical event? How can we defend or reject this idea? Today, with which elements and values should we look at the Iran–Iraq war memorials and ceremonies? To what extent will war museums and materials culture be influenced by these new values? In the period during and immediately after the Iran–Iraq war (1980-88), national bereavement and commemoration of martyrs was neither apparent in common state policy nor a social need. Even at the turn of the 21st century, anyone walking through Iranian cities, many of which had been the main scene of the bloody massacre and direct targets of the Iraqi Republican Guard, will have found traces of the terrible, almost unimaginable, human losses. However, today’s Iranians can see modern war memorials and monuments in many parts of the urban and rural landscape. Yet, at the same time, the changing landscape has separated Iranians from such remnants of the violence. It can be argued that many people, in their wish to look forward to a more hopeful future, do not wish to be reminded of this period in Iranian history. This book was originally published as a special issue of Visual Anthropology.

Critical Muslim 5

Love and Death
Author: Ziauddin Sardar,Robin Yassin-Kassab
Publisher: Hurst
ISBN: 1849043825
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 3152
Aamer Hussein takes love to its logical conclusion, Robert Irwin traces the origins of the ghazal (love lyric), Christopher Shackle recites epic Panjabi poems of sacred love and lyrical death, Imranali Panjwani mourns the massacre of Karbala, Martin Rose istaken hostage by Saddam Hussein, Jalees Rahman reflects on Nazi doctors who took delight in deathly experiments, Ramin Jahanbegloo is incarcerated in the notorious Evin prison, Hamza Elahi visits England's Muslim graveyards, Shanon Shah receives valuable guidance on love and sex from the "Obedient Wives Club", Samia Rahman sets out in search of love, Khola Hasan has mixed feelings about her hijab, Sabita Manian promotes love between India and Pakistan, Boyd Tonkin discovers that dead outrank the living in Jerusalem , Alev Adil takes "a night journey through a veiled self" and Irna Qureshi's mother finally makes a decision on her final resting place. Also in this issue: Parvez Manzoor throws scorn on a nihilistic, revisionist history of Islam, Naomi Foyle reads the first novel of a British Palestinian, Ahmad Khan explores the colonial history of The Aborigines' Protection Society, a short story by the famous Fahmida Riaz, Syrian scenarios by Manhal al-Sarraj, poems by Sabrina Mahfouz and Michael Wolf, Rachel Dwyer's list of Top Ten Muslim Characters in Bollywood and Merryl Wyn Davies's "last word" on love and death at the movies. About Critical Muslim: A quarterly publication of ideas and issues showcasing groundbreaking thinking on Islam and what it means to be a Muslim in a rapidly changing, interconnected world. Each edition centers on a discrete theme, and contributions include reportage, academic analysis, cultural commentary, photography, poetry, and book reviews.

Nahdsch ul-balagha

Author: ʻAlī (Kalif)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783939416302
Page: 458
View: 2389

Historia Magistra

zur Archivgeschichte des altbayerischen Kollegiatstiftes SS. Jakobus und Tiburtius in Straubing
Author: Ulrich L. Lehner
Publisher: Verlag Traugott Bautz GmbH
ISBN: 3883091189
Category: Straubing (Germany)
Page: 92
View: 2640

Die Flucht nach Hindustan und andere Geschichten aus dem Mathnawi

Author: Gisela Wendt
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 9789060340707
Category: Sufi poetry, Persian
Page: 108
View: 1140

Von Null Ahnung zu etwas Türkisch

Dies ist kein Sprachkurs
Author: Vera F. Birkenbihl
Publisher: MVG Verlag
ISBN: 3864155487
Category: Self-Help
Page: 130
View: 9832
Sie wollen Türkisch lernen, aber Vokabeln pauken ist Ihnen zu langweilig und Grammatik lernen zu kompliziert? Dann sind Sie hier genau richtig, denn mit der Birkenbihl-Methode lernen Sie spielerisch die Grundlagen der türkischen Sprache kennen und bekommen fast nebenbei einen interessanten Einblick in die Mentalität und Denkweise der Sprecher. Mit jeder neuen Sprache, die wir uns aneignen, erweitern wir unseren Horizont und lernen auch unsere eigene Denkweise besser kennen. Gehen Sie auf Abenteuerreise mit Vera F. Birkenbihl.