Science in the Service of Human Rights


Author: Richard Pierre Claude
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812236798
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 267
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Issues that mix science and politics present some of today's most daunting ethical questions. Did China violate the human rights of prisoners in 2001 by harvesting their kidneys and other organs without their formal consent? Do the victims of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa have the right to effective pharmaceutical treatments that are beyond their financial reach? Have incautious steps toward human cloning trodden dangerously close to the revival of eugenics? Science in the Service of Human Rights presents a new framework for debate on such controversial questions surrounding scientific freedom and responsibility by illuminating the many critical points of intersection between human rights and science. In the wake of the horrors of the Nazi engineers' grotesque experiments and the devastating advent of the atom bomb, the architects of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sought to structure new world arrangements where those in power would be bridled by rational principles favoring peace. Though UN-formulated norms have slowly matured to the status of binding international law, the fragmentation of knowledge in modern society is such that few scientists know about the existence and content of the related UN declarations and covenants or their implications. Richard Pierre Claude has written a book that will redress this lack and satisfy curriculum development aiming to integrate human rights standards into the humanities, law, public health, and the social and physical sciences. A veteran human rights advocate, Claude offers a systematic and much-needed clarification of the origins and meanings of everyone's right to enjoy the benefits of the advancements of science.

Human Rights

Chinese and Dutch Perspectives
Author: P. Peter R. Baehr,Jacqueline Smith
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041102102
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
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Human Rights and Chinese Tradition, Xia Yong.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

A Common Standard of Achievement
Author: Guðmundur S. Alfreðsson,Asbjørn Eide
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041111685
Category: Political Science
Page: 782
View: 9347
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This volume celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). In so doing, it offers a comprehensive and systematic treatment of the rights and duties contained in the UDHR, in the light of its history, the intentions of its drafters ant the standard-setting activities and monitoring efforts which have grown out of its existence. Each article of the UDHR is treated in a separate chapter; each chapter is written by different authors, all scholars from or associated with the Nordic countries, all active in human rights work, either academically or in the field. A consolidated bibliography completes the collection. The subtitle of this volume is "A Common Standard of Achievement," a phrase drawn from the Preamble of the UDHR. In many ways, this collection is intended to demonstrate that this phrase has, to a considerable extent, come true.

Human Rights

Commitment and Betrayal
Author: M. G. Chitkara
Publisher: APH Publishing
ISBN: 9788170247272
Category: Civil rights
Page: 306
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What are Human Rights?


Author: Fleiner, Thomas
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862873285
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
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Thomas Fleiner's book is an extraordinarily clear, short account of what human rights are and why they are important. Previously published in German, Russian, French and Spanish, it is soon to appear in Chinese. This is the first English translation. The 35 short chapters are a wonderful mixture of anecdote, example and analysis.

Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice


Author: Jack Donnelly
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467497
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
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In the third edition of his classic work, revised extensively and updated to include recent developments on the international scene, Jack Donnelly explains and defends a richly interdisciplinary account of human rights as universal rights. He shows that any conception of human rights-and the idea of human rights itself-is historically specific and contingent. Since publication of the first edition in 1989, Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice has justified Donnelly's claim that "conceptual clarity, the fruit of sound theory, can facilitate action. At the very least it can help to unmask the arguments of dictators and their allies."

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Origins, Drafting, and Intent
Author: Johannes Morsink
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812217476
Category: Political Science
Page: 378
View: 8829
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Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Book for 1999 Born of a shared revulsion against the horrors of the Holocaust, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has become the single most important statement of international ethics. It was inspired by and reflects the full scope of President Franklin Roosevelt's famous four freedoms: "the freedom of speech and expression, the freedom of worship, the freedom from want, and the freedom from fear." Written by a UN commission led by Eleanor Roosevelt and adopted in 1948, the Declaration has become the moral backbone of more than two hundred human rights instruments that are now a part of our world. The result of a truly international negotiating process, the document has been a source of hope and inspiration to thousands of groups and millions of oppressed individuals.

Human Rights

Current Issues and Controversies
Author: Gordon DiGiacomo
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442609532
Category: Political Science
Page: 522
View: 4600
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"Written largely by Canadian scholars for Canadian students, Human Rights: Current Issues and Controversies is an overview of contemporary human rights concerns that aims to introduce readers to the human rights instruments--provincial, national, and international--that protect Canadians. The volume begins with an overview of the history of human rights before moving on to discuss such important topics as the relationship between political institutions and rights protection, rights issues pertaining to specific communities, and cross-cutting rights issues that affect most or all citizens. Contemporary and comprehensive, Human Rights: Current Issues and Controversies is a valuable resource for undergraduate and graduate students studying human rights."--

The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Conscience for the World
Author: Felice D. Gaer,Christen L. Broecker
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004254250
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 420
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The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights: Conscience for the World examines the strategies pursued and results achieved by the UN’s top human rights officials to end atrocities and promote justice, equality, and protection worldwide.

The Endtimes of Human Rights


Author: Stephen Hopgood
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801469309
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 1642
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"We are living through the endtimes of the civilizing mission. The ineffectual International Criminal Court and its disastrous first prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, along with the failure in Syria of the Responsibility to Protect are the latest pieces of evidence not of transient misfortunes but of fatal structural defects in international humanism. Whether it is the increase in deadly attacks on aid workers, the torture and 'disappearing' of al-Qaeda suspects by American officials, the flouting of international law by states such as Sri Lanka and Sudan, or the shambles of the Khmer Rouge tribunal in Phnom Penh, the prospect of one world under secular human rights law is receding. What seemed like a dawn is in fact a sunset. The foundations of universal liberal norms and global governance are crumbling."—from The Endtimes of Human Rights In a book that is at once passionate and provocative, Stephen Hopgood argues, against the conventional wisdom, that the idea of universal human rights has become not only ill adapted to current realities but also overambitious and unresponsive. A shift in the global balance of power away from the United States further undermines the foundations on which the global human rights regime is based. American decline exposes the contradictions, hypocrisies and weaknesses behind the attempt to enforce this regime around the world and opens the way for resurgent religious and sovereign actors to challenge human rights. Historically, Hopgood writes, universal humanist norms inspired a sense of secular religiosity among the new middle classes of a rapidly modernizing Europe. Human rights were the product of a particular worldview (Western European and Christian) and specific historical moments (humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, the aftermath of the Holocaust). They were an antidote to a troubling contradiction—the coexistence of a belief in progress with horrifying violence and growing inequality. The obsolescence of that founding purpose in the modern globalized world has, Hopgood asserts, transformed the institutions created to perform it, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross and recently the International Criminal Court, into self-perpetuating structures of intermittent power and authority that mask their lack of democratic legitimacy and systematic ineffectiveness. At their best, they provide relief in extraordinary situations of great distress; otherwise they are serving up a mixture of false hope and unaccountability sustained by “human rights” as a global brand. The Endtimes of Human Rights is sure to be controversial. Hopgood makes a plea for a new understanding of where hope lies for human rights, a plea that mourns the promise but rejects the reality of universalism in favor of a less predictable encounter with the diverse realities of today’s multipolar world.

Cultural Human Rights


Author: Francesco Francioni,Martin Scheinin
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004162941
Category: Political Science
Page: 369
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What is the relationship between culture and human rights? Can the idea of cultural rights, which are predicated on the distinctiveness and exclusivity of a communitya (TM)s beliefs and traditions, be compatible with the concept of human rights, which are universal and a ~inherenta (TM) to all human beings? If we accept such compatibility, what is the actual content of cultural rights? Who are their beneficiaries: individuals, or peoples or groups as collective entities? And what precise obligations do cultural rights pose upon states or other actors in international law, or for the international community as a whole? International instruments on the protection of human rights do not provide self-evident answers to these questions. This book seeks to analyse these dilemmas and to assess the impact that they are having on international law and the development of a coherent category of cultural human rights.

Research Methods in Human Rights


Author: Lee McConnell,Rhona Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131737374X
Category: Law
Page: 170
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Research Methods in Human Rights introduces the reader to key methodological approaches to Human Rights research in a clear and accessible way. Drawing on the expertise of a panel of contributors, the text clearly explains the key theories and methods commonly used in Human Rights research and provides guidance on when each approach is appropriate. It addresses such approaches to Human Rights research as qualitative methods, quantitative analysis, critical ethnography and comparative approaches, supported by a wide range of geographic case studies and with reference to a wide range of subject areas. The book suggests further reading and directs the reader to excellent examples from research outputs of each method in practice. This book is essential reading for students with backgrounds in law as well as political and social sciences who wish to understand more about the methods and ethics of conducting Human Rights research.

Human Rights

Thirty Years After the Universal Declaration : Commemorative Volume on the Occasion of the Thirtieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Author: Bertrand G. Ramcharan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789024721450
Category: Human Rights
Page: 274
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Published under the auspices of the International Forum on Human Rights.

The Sociology of Human Rights


Author: Mark Frezzo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745686680
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
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Long the arena of philosophers, legal scholars, and political scientists, the interdisciplinary study of human rights has recently seen an influx of sociologists. Why is this so, and how do sociologists contribute to our understanding of human rights in the contemporary world? In this landmark new text, Mark Frezzo explores the sociological perspective on human rights, which he shows to be uniquely placed to illuminate the economic, political, social, and cultural conditions under which human rights norms and laws are devised, interpreted, implemented, and enforced. Sociologists treat human rights not as immutable attributes but as highly contested claims that vary across historical time and geographic space, and investigate how human rights can serve either to empower or to constrain social actors, from large societies to small communities and identity groups. Frezzo guides readers through the scholarly, pedagogical, and practical applications of a sociological view of major debates such as foundationalism vs. social constructionism, universalism vs. particularism, globalism vs. localism, and collective vs. individual rights. This cutting-edge text will appeal to students of sociology, political science, law, development, and social movements, and all interested in the nature, scope, and applicability of human rights in the twenty-first century.

Human Rights

Between Idealism and Realism
Author: Christian Tomuschat
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199683727
Category: Law
Page: 464
View: 3724
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This third edition of Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism presents human rights in action, focusing on their effectiveness as legal tools designed to benefit human beings. By combining conceptual analysis with an emphasis on procedures and mechanisms of implementation, this volume provides a multidimensional overview of human rights. After examining briefly the history of human rights, the author analyses the intellectual framework that forms the basis of their legitimacy. In particular, he covers the concept of universality and the widely used model that classifies human rights into clusters of different 'generations'. In this edition, the author brings together the fundamental aspects of human rights law, addressing human dignity as the ethical foundation of human rights, the principle of equality and non-discrimination as the essence of any culture of human rights, the protections against racial discrimination and discrimination against women, and assesses the individual as a subject of international law. The volume then moves on to assess the activities of the political institutions of the United Nations, the expert bodies established by the relevant treaties, and the international tribunals specifically entrusted at the regional level with protecting human rights. This edition also includes specific analysis of the actions mandated by the UN Security Council against Libya in 2011. It also includes greater coverage of the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. The author explains how and why the classical array of politically inspired informal devices has been enriched by the addition of international criminal procedures and by endeavors to introduce civil suits against alleged individual violators of human rights. Finally, the volume is rounded off by a consideration of the importance of humanitarian law as an instrument for the protection of human life and dignity and an exploration of the future of human rights.

Human Rights

New Perspectives, New Realities
Author: Adamantia Pollis,Peter Schwab
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781555879792
Category: Social Science
Page: 259
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This collection reflects two decades of developments in human rights scholarship, revisiting the debate between universalists and cultural relativists and also engaging new notions of third generation rights.

Human Rights

A Bibliography with Indexes
Author: Albert A. Zinnos
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781594545764
Category: Political Science
Page: 156
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Human rights refers to the concept of human beings as having universal rights, or status, regardless of legal jurisdiction, and likewise other localising factors, such as ethnicity and nationality. For many, the concept of human rights is based in religious principles. However, because a formal concept of human rights has not been universally accepted, the term has some degree of variance between its use in different local jurisdictions - difference in both meaningful substance as well as in protocols for and styles of application. Ultimately the most general meaning of the term is one which can only apply universally, and hence the term human rights is often itself an appeal to such transcended principles, without basing such on existing legal concepts. The term humanism refers to the developing doctrine of such universally applicable values, and it is on the basic concept that human beings have innate rights, that more specific local legal concepts are often based. as accepted within their respective legal systems regarding: the well being of individuals, the freedom and autonomy of individuals, and the representation of the human interest in government. These rights commonly include the right to life, the right to an adequate standard of living, the prohibition of genocide, freedom from torture and other mistreatment, freedom of expression, freedom of movement, the right to self-determination, the right to education, and the right to participation in cultural and political life. These norms are based on the legal and political traditions of United Nations member states and are incorporated into international human rights instruments. This new book brings together the latest book literature centred on this crucial topic.

Human Rights

A Practical Guide for Managers
Author: Peter Villiers
Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers
ISBN: 9780749436308
Category: Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Page: 167
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The British government predicted in 1998 that its Human Rights Act would lead to a human rights culture in the UK. What would this culture be like? What are the implications for managers? This guide gives managers the background to human rights and shows how to evaluate organizations.

The Political Sociology of Human Rights


Author: Kate Nash
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052119749X
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
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A sociological approach to human rights, showing how rights language is used to address structural injustices around the world.

Human Rights

Group Defamation, Freedom of Expression, and the Law of Nations
Author: Thomas David Jones
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041102652
Category: Political Science
Page: 319
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The Nature of Human Rights.