Innumeracy

Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences
Author: John Allen Paulos
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 1429934387
Category: Mathematics
Page: 144
View: 3404
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Why do even well-educated people understand so little about mathematics? And what are the costs of our innumeracy? John Allen Paulos, in his celebrated bestseller first published in 1988, argues that our inability to deal rationally with very large numbers and the probabilities associated with them results in misinformed governmental policies, confused personal decisions, and an increased susceptibility to pseudoscience of all kinds. Innumeracy lets us know what we're missing, and how we can do something about it. Sprinkling his discussion of numbers and probabilities with quirky stories and anecdotes, Paulos ranges freely over many aspects of modern life, from contested elections to sports stats, from stock scams and newspaper psychics to diet and medical claims, sex discrimination, insurance, lotteries, and drug testing. Readers of Innumeracy will be rewarded with scores of astonishing facts, a fistful of powerful ideas, and, most important, a clearer, more quantitative way of looking at their world.

A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper


Author: John Allen Paulos,John Paulos
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465050670
Category: Mathematics
Page: 240
View: 2696
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In this lively volume, mathematician John Allen Paulos employs his singular wit to guide us through an unlikely mathematical jungle—the pages of the daily newspaper. From the Senate and sex to celebrities and cults, Paulos takes stories that may not seem to involve math at all and demonstrates how mathematical naïveté can put readers at a distinct disadvantage. Whether he’s using chaos theory to puncture economic and environmental predictions, applying logic to clarify the hazards of spin doctoring and news compression, or employing arithmetic and common sense to give us a novel perspective on greed and relationships, Paulos never fails to entertain and enlighten.

Mathematics and Humor

A Study of the Logic of Humor
Author: John Allen Paulos
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226650234
Category: Mathematics
Page: 124
View: 9299
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John Allen Paulos cleverly scrutinizes the mathematical structures of jokes, puns, paradoxes, spoonerisms, riddles, and other forms of humor, drawing examples from such sources as Rabelais, Shakespeare, James Beattie, René Thom, Lewis Carroll, Arthur Koestler, W. C. Fields, and Woody Allen. "Jokes, paradoxes, riddles, and the art of non-sequitur are revealed with great perception and insight in this illuminating account of the relationship between humor and mathematics."—Joseph Williams, New York Times "'Leave your mind alone,' said a Thurber cartoon, and a really complete and convincing analysis of what humour is might spoil all jokes forever. This book avoids that danger. What it does. . .is describe broadly several kinds of mathematical theory and apply them to throw sidelights on how many kinds of jokes work."—New Scientist "Many scholars nowadays write seriously about the ludicrous. Some merely manage to be dull. A few—like Paulos—are brilliant in an odd endeavor."—Los Angeles Times Book Review

Beyond Numeracy


Author: John Allen Paulos
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 030783333X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 304
View: 9956
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From the author of the national bestseller Innumeracy, a delightful exploration and explanation of mathematical concepts from algebra to zero in easily accessible alphabetical entries. "Paulos . . . does for mathematics what The Joy of Sex did for the boudoir. . . ."--Washington Post Book World. First time in paperback.

I Think, Therefore I Laugh

The Flip Side of Philosophy
Author: John Allen Paulos
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231119153
Category: Mathematics
Page: 178
View: 3900
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The preeminent explicator of mathematical logic to non-mathematicians, John Allen Paulos is familiar to general readers not only from his bestselling books but also from his media appearances, including The David Letterman Show and National Public Radio's "Talk of the Nation" and "Science Friday," as well as articles in Newsweek, Nature, Discover, Business Week, the New York Times Book Review, The Nation, New York Review of Books, and The London Review of Books. Paulos originally wrote this charming little book on analytic logic, its mathematics, and its puzzles in 1985. And as in his later books, he uses jokes, stories, parables, and anecdotes to elucidate difficult concepts, in this case, some of the fundamental problems in modern philosophy.

A Mathematician Plays The Stock Market


Author: John Allen Paulos,John Paulos
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465009700
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 7402
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In A Mathematician Plays the Stock Market best-selling author John Allen Paulos demonstrates what the tools of mathematics can tell us about the vagaries of the stock market. Employing his trademark stories, vignettes, paradoxes, and puzzles (and even a film treatment), Paulos addresses every thinking reader's curiosity about the market: Is it efficient? Is it rational? Is there anything to technical analysis, fundamental analysis, and other supposedly time-tested methods of picking stocks? How can one quantify risk? What are the most common scams? What light do fractals, network theory, and common psychological foibles shed on investor behavior? Are there any approaches to investing that truly outperform the major indexes? Can a deeper knowledge of mathematics help beat the odds?All of these questions are explored with the engaging erudition that made Paulos's A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper and Innumeracy favorites with both armchair mathematicians and readers who want to think like them. Paulos also shares the cautionary tale of his own long and disastrous love affair with WorldCom. In the tradition of Burton Malkiel's A Random Walk Down Wall Street and Jeremy Siegel's Stocks for the Long Run, this wry and illuminating book is for anyone, investor or not, who follows the markets-or knows someone who does.

Irreligion

A Mathematician Explains Why the Arguments for God Just Don't Add Up
Author: John Allen Paulos
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780809059195
Category: Religion
Page: 158
View: 8680
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Argues that there is no logical reason to believe in God, refuting twelve important arguments commonly proposed to prove the existence of God, while offering commentary on such topics as the nature of miracles, cognitive illusions, and creationist probabi

Once Upon A Number

The Hidden Mathematical Logic Of Stories
Author: John Allen Paulos
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780786723997
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 5969
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What two things could be more different than numbers and stories? Numbers are abstract, certain, and eternal, but to most of us somewhat dry and bloodless. Good stories are full of life: they engage our emotions and have subtlety and nuance, but they lack rigor and the truths they tell are elusive and subject to debate. As ways of understanding the world around us, numbers and stories seem almost completely incompatible.Once Upon a Number shows that stories and numbers aren't as different as you might imagine, and in fact they have surprising and fascinating connections. The concepts of logic and probability both grew out of intuitive ideas about how certain situations would play out. Now, logicians are inventing ways to deal with real world situations by mathematical means—by acknowledging, for instance, that items that are mathematically interchangeable may not be interchangeable in a story. And complexity theory looks at both number strings and narrative strings in remarkably similar terms.Throughout, renowned author John Paulos mixes numbers and narratives in his own delightful style. Along with lucid accounts of cutting-edge information theory we get hilarious anecdotes and jokes; instructions for running a truly impressive pyramid scam; a freewheeling conversation between Groucho Marx and Bertrand Russell (while they're stuck in an elevator together); explanations of why the statistical evidence against OJ Simpson was overwhelming beyond doubt and how the Unabomber's thinking shows signs of mathematical training; and dozens of other treats. This is another winner from America's favorite mathematician.

Mathematics and the Unexpected


Author: Ivar Ekeland
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226199900
Category: Mathematics
Page: 146
View: 4074
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"Not the least unexpected thing about Mathematics and the Unexpected is that a real mathematician should write not just a literate work, but a literary one."—Ian Stewart, New Scientist "In this brief, elegant treatise, assessable to anyone who likes to think, Ivar Ekelund explains some philosophical implications of recent mathematics. He examines randomness, the geometry involved in making predictions, and why general trends are easy to project (it will snow in January) but particulars are practically impossible (it will snow from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. on the 21st)."—Village Voice

Mind of God

The Scientific Basis for a Rational World
Author: Paul Davies
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0671797182
Category: Religion
Page: 254
View: 1240
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A physicist uses science and philosophy to answer the ancient, unsolvable question: why does the universe exist?

A Numerate Life

A Mathematician Explores the Vagaries of Life, His Own and Probably Yours
Author: John Allen Paulos
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1633881199
Category: Mathematics
Page: 200
View: 9096
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Employing intuitive ideas from mathematics, this quirky "meta-memoir" raises questions about our lives that most of us don't think to ask, but arguably should: What part of memory is reliable fact, what part creative embellishment? Which favorite presuppositions are unfounded, which statistically biased? By conjoining two opposing mindsets--the suspension of disbelief required in storytelling and the skepticism inherent in the scientific method--bestselling mathematician John Allen Paulos has created an unusual hybrid, a composite of personal memories and mathematical approaches to re-evaluating them. Entertaining vignettes from Paulos's biography abound--ranging from a bullying math teacher and a fabulous collection of baseball cards to romantic crushes, a grandmother’s petty larceny, and his quite unintended role in getting George Bush elected president in 2000. These vignettes serve as springboards to many telling perspectives: simple arithmetic puts life-long habits in a dubious new light; higher dimensional geometry helps us see that we're all rather peculiar; nonlinear dynamics explains the narcissism of small differences cascading into very different siblings; logarithms and exponentials yield insight on why we tend to become bored and jaded as we age; and there are tricks and jokes, probability and coincidences, and much more. For fans of Paulos or newcomers to his work, this witty commentary on his life--and yours--is fascinating reading. From the Trade Paperback edition.

You are Not So Smart

Why You Have Too Many Friends on Facebook, why Your Memory is Mostly Fiction, and 46 Other Ways You're Deluding Yourself
Author: David McRaney
Publisher: Avery
ISBN: 1592407366
Category: Humor
Page: 303
View: 1948
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Explains how self-delusion is part of a person's psychological defense system, identifying common misconceptions people have on topics such as caffeine withdrawal, hindsight, and brand loyalty.

The Sunne In Splendour

A Novel of Richard III
Author: Sharon Kay Penman
Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin
ISBN: 9781429930093
Category: Fiction
Page: 944
View: 721
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The classic, magnificent bestselling novel about Richard III, now in a special thirtieth anniversary edition with a new preface by the author In this triumphant combination of scholarship and storytelling, Sharon Kay Penman redeems Richard III—vilified as the bitter, twisted, scheming hunchback who murdered his nephews, the princes in the Tower—from his maligned place in history. Born into the treacherous courts of fifteenth-century England, in the midst of what history has called The War of the Roses, Richard was raised in the shadow of his charismatic brother, King Edward IV. Loyal to his friends and passionately in love with the one woman who was denied him, Richard emerges as a gifted man far more sinned against than sinning. With revisions throughout and a new author's preface discussing the astonishing discovery of Richard's remains five centuries after his death, Sharon Kay Penman's brilliant classic is more powerful and glorious than ever.

The Art of Contrary Thinking


Author: Humphrey Bancroft Neill
Publisher: Caxton Press
ISBN: 9780870044885
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 201
View: 5615
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When everybody thinks alike, everyone is likely to be wrong.a The ten words quoted above are, according to Humphrey B. Neill, a potent factor behind the economic booms and busts that blight our civilization.a The Mississippi Bubble, Holland's incredible Tulipmania and the New York stock market crash of 1929 are historic examples of disasters magnified and hastened by the pressure of mass opinion.a Neill describes these occurrences in detail and tells the reader how to avoid and recognize the dangers that following the pack can pose to the discerning investor. "

A Tour of the Calculus


Author: David Berlinski
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 9780307789730
Category: Mathematics
Page: 352
View: 5849
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Were it not for the calculus, mathematicians would have no way to describe the acceleration of a motorcycle or the effect of gravity on thrown balls and distant planets, or to prove that a man could cross a room and eventually touch the opposite wall. Just how calculus makes these things possible and in doing so finds a correspondence between real numbers and the real world is the subject of this dazzling book by a writer of extraordinary clarity and stylistic brio. Even as he initiates us into the mysteries of real numbers, functions, and limits, Berlinski explores the furthest implications of his subject, revealing how the calculus reconciles the precision of numbers with the fluidity of the changing universe. "An odd and tantalizing book by a writer who takes immense pleasure in this great mathematical tool, and tries to create it in others."--New York Times Book Review From the Trade Paperback edition.

Obvious Adams

The Story of a Successful Businessman
Author: Robert Rawls Updegraff
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Advertising
Page: 56
View: 8090
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Countdown to Mathematics


Author: Lynne Graham,David Sargent
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780201137316
Category: Mathematics
Page: 304
View: 7222
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Countdown to Mathematics has been written to help self-study students to revise and practise basic skills in arithmetic, algebra, geometry, graphs and trigonometry. The nine teaching modules in Countdown to Mathematics have been split into two separate books. Volume 1 consists of Modules 1-4 and concentrates on basic mathematical skills. It deals with arithmetic, simple algebra, how to plot and read graphs, and the representation of data. Where possible, the techniques are illustrated with real-world applications. Volume 2 consists of Modules 5-9 and covers geometry, graphs, trigonometry and algebra. The emphasis here is on the manipulative skills which are necessary for most mathematical courses beyond GCSE standard.

Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from the Data


Author: Charles Wheelan
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393089827
Category: Mathematics
Page: 302
View: 1837
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“Brilliant, funny . . . the best math teacher you never had.”—San Francisco Chronicle Once considered tedious, the field of statistics is rapidly evolving into a discipline Hal Varian, chief economist at Google, has actually called “sexy.” From batting averages and political polls to game shows and medical research, the real-world application of statistics continues to grow by leaps and bounds. How can we catch schools that cheat on standardized tests? How does Netflix know which movies you’ll like? What is causing the rising incidence of autism? As best-selling author Charles Wheelan shows us in Naked Statistics, the right data and a few well-chosen statistical tools can help us answer these questions and more. For those who slept through Stats 101, this book is a lifesaver. Wheelan strips away the arcane and technical details and focuses on the underlying intuition that drives statistical analysis. He clarifies key concepts such as inference, correlation, and regression analysis, reveals how biased or careless parties can manipulate or misrepresent data, and shows us how brilliant and creative researchers are exploiting the valuable data from natural experiments to tackle thorny questions. And in Wheelan’s trademark style, there’s not a dull page in sight. You’ll encounter clever Schlitz Beer marketers leveraging basic probability, an International Sausage Festival illuminating the tenets of the central limit theorem, and a head-scratching choice from the famous game show Let’s Make a Deal—and you’ll come away with insights each time. With the wit, accessibility, and sheer fun that turned Naked Economics into a bestseller, Wheelan defies the odds yet again by bringing another essential, formerly unglamorous discipline to life.

The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering

Mastering Complexity
Author: Sanjoy Mahajan
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262526549
Category: Mathematics
Page: 408
View: 8234
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In this book, Sanjoy Mahajan shows us that the way to master complexity is through insight rather than precision. Precision can overwhelm us with information, whereas insight connects seemingly disparate pieces of information into a simple picture. Unlike computers, humans depend on insight. Based on the author's fifteen years of teaching at MIT, Cambridge University, and Olin College, The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering shows us how to build insight and find understanding, giving readers tools to help them solve any problem in science and engineering.To master complexity, we can organize it or discard it. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering first teaches the tools for organizing complexity, then distinguishes the two paths for discarding complexity: with and without loss of information. Questions and problems throughout the text help readers master and apply these groups of tools. Armed with this three-part toolchest, and without complicated mathematics, readers can estimate the flight range of birds and planes and the strength of chemical bonds, understand the physics of pianos and xylophones, and explain why skies are blue and sunsets are red.The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Why flip a coin?

the art and science of good decisions
Author: Harold Warren Lewis
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781567315813
Category: Decision making
Page: 206
View: 8877
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