Inside The Centre

The Life of J. Robert Oppenheimer
Author: Ray Monk
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448162254
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 832
View: 2096
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J. Robert Oppenheimer is among the most contentious and important figures of the twentieth century. As head of the Los Alamos Laboratory, he oversaw the successful effort to beat the Nazis to develop the first atomic bomb – a breakthrough which was to have eternal ramifications for mankind, and made Oppenheimer the 'father of the Bomb'. But his was not a simple story of assimilation, scientific success and world fame. A complicated and fragile personality, the implications of the discoveries at Los Alamos were to weigh heavily upon him. Having formed suspicious connections in the 1930s, in the wake of the Allied victory in World War Two, Oppenheimer’s attempts to resist the escalation of the Cold War arms race would lead many to question his loyalties – and set him on a collision course with Senator Joseph McCarthy and his witch hunters.

The Perfect Theory

A Century of Geniuses and the Battle Over General Relativity
Author: Pedro G. Ferreira
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547554893
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 609
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A narrative chronicle of Einstein's theory of general relativity discusses the ideological battles that have surrounded it, exploring how the theory has been denounced, overlooked and embraced by forefront names in 20th-century physics throughout their collective effort to define the history of the universe. 25,000 first printing.

The Hope And Vision Of J. Robert Oppenheimer


Author: Day Michael A
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814656763
Category: Science
Page: 284
View: 2360
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Incorporating elements from history, science, philosophy and international relations theory, this book takes a fresh look at the life and thought of Robert Oppenheimer.The author argues that not only are Oppenheimer's ideas important, engaging and relevant, but also more coherent than generally assumed. He makes a convincing case that Oppenheimer has much to say about 21st century issues, and his voice should be brought back into the public forum.The book recovers and reconstructs what Oppenheimer said and wrote during the 1940s, 50s and 60s (i.e., his hope and vision) with the goal of identifying what might be of general philosophical interest today. It considers not only Oppenheimer's thought, but also his life using philosophical ideas developed by contemporary philosophers.In addition, to deepen and broaden the discussion and demonstrate the relevance of Oppenheimer's vision for the present, the author analyzes his views using contemporary international relations theory with a special emphasis on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. This examination reveals ways in which Oppenheimer's reasoning was prescient of current work being carried out to control, and possibly move beyond, the nuclear revolution.

The Poetics of Scientific Investigation in Seventeenth-Century England


Author: Claire Preston
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198704801
Category: Didactic literature
Page: 304
View: 4350
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Since the Enlightenment we have sharply divided the scientific from the imaginative -- the lab report and the novel are two quite different species. But this is a modern, imposed division. Early-modern scientists had no conventional way of talking about their work, and no one told the poets, dramatists, satirists, and novelists that science was off limits in their work. This book examines the way that scientists in the 16th and 17th centuries, who had not studied'science' formally at school or university, used the verbal tools of their highly literary education to formulate ideas about physics, astronomy, biology, medicine, and chemistry. Their science issurprisingly literary. At the same time, the remarkable developments in seventeenth-century science inspired non-scientific writers, who energetically adapted the experiments, behaviour, ambitions, and characters of scientists like Boyle and Newton to make new and exciting fictions of discovery, to make fun of those same activities, and to shape the way we understand scientific process.

Critical Narrative as Pedagogy


Author: Ivor Goodson,Scherto Gill
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1623565405
Category: Education
Page: 288
View: 1328
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Ivor Goodson and Scherto Gill analyse and discuss a series of trans-disciplinary case studies from diverse cultures and argue that narrative is not only a rich and profound way for humans to make sense of their lives, but also in itself a process of pedagogical encounter, learning and transformation. As pedagogic sites, life narratives allow the individual to critically examine their 'scripts' for learning which are encapsulated in their thought processes, discourses, beliefs and values. Goodson and Gill show how narratives can help educators and students shift from a disenfranchised tradition to one of empowerment. This unique book brings together case studies of life narratives as an approach to learning and meaning-making in different disciplines and cultural settings, including teacher education, adult learning, (auto)biographical writing, psychotherapy, intercultural learning and community development. Educators, researchers and practitioners from diverse disciplines will find the case studies collected in this book helpful in expanding their understanding of the potential of narrative as a phenomenon, as methodology, and as pedagogy.

In der Sache J. Robert Oppenheimer

ein Stück und seine Geschichte
Author: Heinar Kipphardt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Drama
Page: 316
View: 7338
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Überflieger

Warum manche Menschen erfolgreich sind - und andere nicht
Author: Malcolm Gladwell
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593405016
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 8111
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Malcolm Gladwell, Bestsellerautor und Star des amerikanischen Buchmarkts, hat die wahren Ursachen des Erfolgs untersucht und darüber ein lehrreiches, faszinierendes Buch geschrieben. Es steckt voller Geschichten und Beispiele, die zeigen, dass auch außergewöhnlicher Erfolg selten etwas mit individuellen Eigenschaften zu tun hat, sondern mit Gegebenheiten, die es dem einen leicht und dem anderen unmöglich machen, erfolgreich zu sein. Die Frage ist nicht, wie jemand ist, sondern woher er kommt: Welche Bedingungen haben diesen Menschen hervorgebracht? Auf seiner anregenden intellektuellen Erkundung der Welt der Überflieger erklärt Gladwell unter anderem das Geheimnis der Softwaremilliardäre, wie man ein herausragender Fußballer wird, warum Asiaten so gut in Mathe sind und was die Beatles zur größten Band aller Zeiten machte.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 9190
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Aus den Ruinen des Empires

Die Revolte gegen den Westen und der Wiederaufstieg Asiens
Author: Pankaj Mishra
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104027463
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 2213
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Asiens Antwort auf den westlichen Imperialismus: »Provokant, beschämend und überzeugend« The Times Nachdem die letzten Erben des Mogul-Reiches getötet und der Sommerpalast in Peking zerstört war, schien die asiatische Welt vom Westen besiegt. Erstmals erzählt der Essayist und Schriftsteller Pankaj Mishra, wie in dieser Situation Intellektuelle in Indien, China und Afghanistan eine Fülle an Ideen entwickelten, die zur Grundlage für ein neues Asien wurden. Sie waren es, die Mao und Gandhi inspirierten und neue Strömungen des Islam anregten. Von hier aus nahmen die verschiedenen Länder ihren jeweiligen Weg in die Moderne. Unterhaltsam und eindringlich schildert Pankaj Mishra die Entstehung des antikolonialen Denkens und seine Folgen. Ein Buch, das einen völlig neuen Blick auf die Geschichte der Welt bietet und den Schlüssel liefert, um das heutige Asien zu verstehen. »Brillant. Mishra spiegelt den tradierten westlichen Blick auf Asien zurück. Moderne Geschichte, wie sie die Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung erfahren hat - von der Türkei bis China. Großartig.« Orhan Pamuk »Lebendig ... fesselnd ... ›Aus den Ruinen des Empires‹ hat die Kraft, nicht nur zu belehren, sondern zu schockieren.« Mark Mazower, Financial Times

Und sie fliegt doch

Eine kurze Geschichte der Hummel
Author: Dave Goulson
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446440674
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 1574
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Die Hummel ist nicht nur ein pelziges Geschöpf, an dessen Anblick wir uns erfreuen, sie ist auch ein Wunder der Natur, das die Gesetze der Schwerkraft überlistet, und ein Nutztier, das jährlich Abermillionen Tomaten und Johannisbeeren bestäubt. Doch die Hummel ist vom Aussterben bedroht. Ihr Verschwinden hätte gravierende Folgen für unsere Gesellschaft. Dave Goulson, Englands führender Hummelforscher, öffnet uns die Augen für ungeahnte Zusammenhänge zwischen Hummeln und Menschen. Sein Buch ist eine Liebeserklärung an die wahre Königin der Lüfte, eine hinreißend humorvolle Schilderung eines großen Abenteuers, der Rettung der Erdbauhummel – und ein furioses Plädoyer für die Bewahrung der Natur.

The Rhetoric of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer

A Study of Invention
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 334
View: 8789
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109 East Palace

Robert Oppenheimer and the Secret City of Los Alamos
Author: Jennet Conant
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416585427
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 9820
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From the bestselling author of Tuxedo Park, the fascinating story of the 3,000 people who lived together in near confinement for more than two intense and conflicted years under J. Robert Oppenheimer and the world's best scientists to produce the Atomic Bomb and win World War II. They were told as little as possible. Their orders were to go to Santa Fe, New Mexico, and report for work at a classified Manhattan Project site, a location so covert it was known to them only by the mysterious address: 109 East Palace. There, behind a wrought-iron gate and narrow passageway just off the touristy old plaza, they were greeted by Dorothy McKibbin, an attractive widow who was the least likely person imaginable to run a front for a clandestine defense laboratory. They stepped across her threshold into a parallel universe--the desert hideaway where Robert Oppenheimer and a team of world-famous scientists raced to build the first atomic bomb before Germany and bring World War II to an end. Brilliant, handsome, extraordinarily charismatic, Oppenheimer based his unprecedented scientific enterprise in the high reaches of the Sangre de Cristo mountains, hoping that the land of enchantment would conceal and inspire their bold mission. Oppenheimer was as arrogant as he was inexperienced, and few believed the thirty-eight-year-old theoretical physicist would succeed. Jennet Conant captures all the exhilaration and drama of those perilous twenty-seven months at Los Alamos, a secret city cut off from the rest of society, ringed by barbed wire, where Oppenheimer and his young recruits lived as virtual prisoners of the U.S. government. With her dry humor and eye for detail, Conant chronicles the chaotic beginnings of Oppenheimer's by-the-seat-of-his-pants operation, where freshly minted secretaries and worldly scientists had to contend with living conditions straight out of pioneer days. Despite all the obstacles, Oppie managed to forge a vibrant community at Los Alamos through the sheer force of his personality. Dorothy, who fell for him at first sight, devoted herself to taking care of him and his crew and supported him through the terrifying preparations for the test explosion at Trinity and the harrowing aftermath of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Less than a decade later, Oppenheimer became the focus of suspicion during the McCarthy witch hunts. When he and James B. Conant, one of the top administrators of the Manhattan Project (and the author's grandfather), led the campaign against the hydrogen bomb, Oppenheimer's past left-wing sympathies were used against him, and he was found to be a security risk and stripped of his clearance. Though Dorothy tried to help clear his name, she saw the man she loved disgraced. In this riveting and deeply moving account, drawing on a wealth of research and interviews with close family and colleagues, Jennet Conant reveals an exceptionally gifted and enigmatic man who served his country at tremendous personal cost and whose singular achievement, and subsequent undoing, is at the root of our present nuclear predicament.

Nicolas Nabokov

A Life in Freedom and Music
Author: Vincent Giroud
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199399913
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 504
View: 4416
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Composer, cultural diplomat, and man about town, Nicolas Nabokov (1903-78) counted among his intimate friends everyone from Igor Stravinsky to George Kennan. While today he is overshadowed by his more famous cousin Vladimir, Nicolas Nabokov was during his lifetime an outstanding and far-sighted player in international cultural exchanges during the Cold War and admired by some of the most distinguished minds of his century for his political acumen and his talents as a composer. This first-ever biography of Nabokov follows the fascinating stages of his life: a privileged childhood before the Revolution; the beginnings of a promising musical career launched under the aegis of Diaghilev; his involvement in anti-Stalinist causes in the first years of the Cold War; his participation in the Congress for Cultural Freedom; his role as cultural advisor to the Mayor of Berlin and director of the Berlin Festival in the early 1960s; his American academic and musical career in the late 1960s and 1970s. Nabokov is unique not only in that he was involved on a high level in international cultural politics, but also in that his life intersected at all times with a vast array of people within - and also well beyond - the confines of classical music. Drawing on a vast array of primary sources, Vincent Giroud's biography opens a window into history for readers interested in twentieth-century music, Russian emigration, and the Cold War, particularly in its cultural aspects. Musicians and musicologists interested in Nabokov as a composer, or in twentieth century Russian composers in general, will find in this book information not available anywhere else.

J. Robert Oppenheimer and the Transformation of the Scientific Vocation


Author: Charles Thorpe
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Physicists
Page: 1400
View: 5908
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"Weil wir es so sagen"

Texte gegen die amerikanische Weltherrschaft im 21. Jahrhundert
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Promedia Verlag
ISBN: 3853718310
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 3908
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Was immer die Welt denken mag, die Handlungen der USA sind gerechtfertigt. Weil wir es so sagen", schreibt Noam Chomsky und demaskiert damit die imperiale Attitüde der Großmacht. Es ist diese US-amerikanische Herrschaftsmentalität, die den weltweit prominenten Kritiker immer noch dazu antreibt, mit messerscharfen und teilweise ironisierenden Kommentaren gegen die Zustände auf dieser Welt anzuschreiben. Der Band "Weil wir es so sagen" versammelt die wichtigsten Schriften Chomskys, die er seit 2011 verfasst hat. Er beschäftigt sich darin u.a. mit dem Kampf um Libyen, der Sanktionspolitik gegen den Iran, der israelischen Bombardierung Gazas, dem Krieg in der Ukraine oder auch dem Zusammenbruch des öffentlichen Bildungssystems in den USA und der Verfolgung des Aufdeckers Edward Snowden.

J. Robert Oppenheimer

die Biographie
Author: Kai Bird,Martin J. Sherwin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783548609805
Category:
Page: 672
View: 9814
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Was für Lebewesen sind wir?


Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518748289
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 2900
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Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster – und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.

Longing for the Bomb

Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia
Author: Lindsey A. Freeman
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469622386
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 9721
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Longing for the Bomb traces the unusual story of the first atomic city and the emergence of American nuclear culture. Tucked into the folds of Appalachia and kept off all commercial maps, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, was created for the Manhattan Project by the U.S. government in the 1940s. Its workers labored at a breakneck pace, most aware only that their jobs were helping "the war effort." The city has experienced the entire lifespan of the Atomic Age, from the fevered wartime enrichment of the uranium that fueled Little Boy, through a brief period of atomic utopianism after World War II when it began to brand itself as "The Atomic City," to the anxieties of the Cold War, to the contradictory contemporary period of nuclear unease and atomic nostalgia. Oak Ridge's story deepens our understanding of the complex relationship between America and its bombs. Blending historiography and ethnography, Lindsey Freeman shows how a once-secret city is visibly caught in an uncertain present, no longer what it was historically yet still clinging to the hope of a nuclear future. It is a place where history, memory, and myth compete and conspire to tell the story of America's atomic past and to explain the nuclear present.

Einstein

His Life and Universe
Author: Walter Isaacson
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1847395899
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 704
View: 6267
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NOW A MAJOR SERIES 'GENIUS' ON NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, PRODUCED BY RON HOWARD AND STARRING GEOFFREY RUSH Einstein is the great icon of our age: the kindly refugee from oppression whose wild halo of hair, twinkling eyes, engaging humanity and extraordinary brilliance made his face a symbol and his name a synonym for genius. He was a rebel and nonconformist from boyhood days. His character, creativity and imagination were related, and they drove both his life and his science. In this marvellously clear and accessible narrative, Walter Isaacson explains how his mind worked and the mysteries of the universe that he discovered. Einstein's success came from questioning conventional wisdom and marvelling at mysteries that struck others as mundane. This led him to embrace a worldview based on respect for free spirits and free individuals. All of which helped make Einstein into a rebel but with a reverence for the harmony of nature, one with just the right blend of imagination and wisdom to transform our understanding of the universe. This new biography, the first since all of Einstein's papers have become available, is the fullest picture yet of one of the key figures of the twentieth century. This is the first full biography of Albert Einstein since all of his papers have become available -- a fully realised portrait of this extraordinary human being, and great genius. Praise for EINSTEIN by Walter Isaacson:- 'YOU REALLY MUST READ THIS.' Sunday Times 'As pithy as Einstein himself.’ New Scientist ‘[A] brilliant biography, rich with newly available archival material.’ Literary Review ‘Beautifully written, it renders the physics understandable.’ Sunday Telegraph ‘Isaacson is excellent at explaining the science. ' Daily Express

Träume in Zeiten des Krieges

eine Kindheit
Author: Ngugi wa Thiong'o
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783596192335
Category:
Page: 260
View: 2908
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