Integrated Design and Manufacture Using Fibre-Reinforced Polymeric Composites


Author: M J Owen,V Middleton,I A Jones
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1855738872
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 6139
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This very practical book is intended to show how composites are increasingly being used in real-world applications in areas where the primary material choice in the past would have been exclusively metals-based. A series of in-depth case studies examiines the design processes involved in putting together aircraft fuselages, Formua 1 cars, Transit van roofs, infrastructure systems for water treatment and storage and many other novel applications for FRCs. It shows how an awareness of engineering properties needs to be built into the design process at an early stage. It is essential for professionals in, and newcomers to, the FRP industry; executives in engineering and manufacturing who are considering using FRPs in place of more traditional materials; students in materials science and engineering.

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design


Author: Philippe Boisse
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423206
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 492
View: 9959
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The manufacturing processes of composite materials are numerous and often complex. Continuous research into the subject area has made it hugely relevant with new advances enriching our understanding and helping us overcome design and manufacturing challenges. Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design provides comprehensive coverage of all processing techniques in the field with a strong emphasis on recent advances, modeling and simulation of the design process. Part One reviews the advances in composite manufacturing processes and includes detailed coverage of braiding, knitting, weaving, fibre placement, draping, machining and drilling, and 3D composite processes. There are also highly informative chapters on thermoplastic and ceramic composite manufacturing processes, and repairing composites. The mechanical behaviour of reinforcements and the numerical simulation of composite manufacturing processes are examined in Part Two. Chapters examine the properties and behaviour of textile reinforcements and resins. The final chapters of the book investigate finite element analysis of composite forming, numerical simulation of flow processes, pultrusion processes and modeling of chemical vapour infiltration processes. Outlines the advances in the different methods of composite manufacturing processes Provides extensive information on the thermo-mechanical behavior of reinforcements and composite prepregs Reviews numerical simulations of forming and flow processes, as well as pultrusion processes and modeling chemical vapor infiltration

Manufacturing of Nanocomposites with Engineering Plastics


Author: Vikas Mittal
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423214
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 3200
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Manufacturing of Nanocomposites with Engineering Plastics collates recent research findings on the manufacturing, properties, and applications of nanocomposites with engineering plastics in one comprehensive volume. The book specifically examines topics of engineering plastics, rheology, thermo-mechanical properties, wear, flame retardancy, modeling, filler surface modification, and more. It represents a ready reference for managers and scholars working in the areas of polymer and nanocomposite materials science, both in industry and academia, and provides introductory information for people new to the field. Provides a comprehensive review of the most recent research findings A single one-stop ready reference that assimilates knowledge on the development of nanocomposites with engineering plastics Contributions from leading experts in the field Provides examples of applications that will help with material selection Chapters are designed to provide not only introductory information, but also to lead the reader to more advanced characterization tools

Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials


Author: Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782421270
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 772
View: 5083
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Natural fiber-reinforced composites have the potential to replace synthetic composites, leading to less expensive, stronger and more environmentally-friendly materials. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers. Part I contains chapters on bast fibers, Part II; leaf fibers, Part III; seed fibers, Part IV; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally Part V covers wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. Each chapter reviews a specific type of biofiber providing detailed information on the sources of each fiber, their cultivation, how to process and prepare them, and how to integrate them into composite materials. The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses. The book is divided into five major parts according to the origins of the different biofibers - bast, leaf, seed; grass, reed and cane fibers, and finally wood, cellulosic and other fibers including cellulosic nanofibers. This book provides a detailed review on how a broad range of biofibers can be used as reinforcements in composites and assesses their overall performance The chapters outline current and potential applications for each fiber and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses

Materials World

The Journal of the Institute of Materials
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Materials
Page: N.A
View: 9680
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Sandwich Structures 7: Advancing with Sandwich Structures and Materials

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Sandwich Structures, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark, 29-31 August 2005
Author: O.T. Thomsen,E. Bozhevolnaya,A. Lyckegaard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038488
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1034
View: 9563
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Sandwich structures represent a special form of a laminated composite material or structural elements, where a relatively thick, lightweight and compliant core material separates thin stiff and strong face sheets. The faces are usually made of laminated polymeric based composite materials, and typically, the core can be a honeycomb type material, a polymeric foam or balsa wood. The faces and the core are joined by adhesive bonding, which ensures the load transfer between the sandwich constituent parts. The result is a special laminate with very high bending stiffness and strength to weight ratios. Sandwich structures are being used successfully for a variety of applications such as spacecraft, aircraft, train and car structures, wind turbine blades, boat/ship superstructures, boat/ship hulls and many others. The overall objective of the 7th International Conference on Sandwich Structures (ICSS-7) is to provide a forum for the presentation and discussion of the latest research and technology on all aspects of sandwich structures and materials, spanning the entire spectrum of research to applications in all the fields listed above.

Design for Innovation

Materials, Processes, and Collaboration
Author: Thomas Robert Reiner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 154
View: 7784
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Integrated Design and Manufacturing in Mechanical Engineering

Proceedings of the Third IDMME Conference Held in Montreal, Canada, May 2000
Author: Patrick Chedmail,Gérard Cognet,Clément Fortin,Christian Mascle,Joseph Pegna
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402009792
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 488
View: 9480
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Proceedings of the Third IDMME Conference held in Montreal, Canada, May 2000

American Book Publishing Record

ABPR annual cumulative
Author: N.A
Publisher: R. R. Bowker
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 5246
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Integrated design and manufacturing of composites

presented at the Second Biennial European Joint Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, London, England, July 4-7, 1994
Author: F. Veniali,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Petroleum Division
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Composite materials
Page: 285
View: 1091
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Fatigue Behaviour of Fiber Reinforced Polymers

Experiments and Simulations
Author: Weixing Yao,Jacques Renard,Norbert A. Himmel
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605950912
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 291
View: 3138
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Book is organized around new experiments in and modeling of fatigue and its effects over a range of composite materials subjected to multiple mechanical and thermal stresses. An objective of the investigations discussed is to explain failure mechanisms and improve long-term loading prediction and performance. Chapters in the book are edited and refereed presentations made at the most recent ICFC5 conference, held in Nanjing, China.TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface •Fatigue Life Assessment via Ply-By-Ply Stress Analysis Under Biaxial Loading F. Schmidt, T. J. Adam and P. Horst •A Residual Stiffness—Residual Strength Coupled Model for Composite Laminate Under Fatigue Loading W. Lian •Damage in Thermoplastic Composite Structures: Application to High Pressure Hydrogen Storage Vessels C. Thomas, F. Nony, S. Villalonga and J. Renard •Cyclic Interlaminar Crack Growth in Unidirectional and Braided Composites S. Stelzer, G. Pinter, M. Wolfahrt, A. J. Brunner and J. Noisternig •Experimental Analysis and Modelling of Fatigue Behaviour of Thick Woven Laminated Composites P. Nimdum and J. Renard •Fatigue Behaviour of Woven Composite p Joint J. Zhang, Y. Fu, L. Zhao, X. Liang, H. Huang and B. Fei •Monotonic and Cyclic Deformation Behavior of Ultrasonically Welded Hybrid Joints Between Light Metals and Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) F. Balle and D. Eifler •Fatigue-Driven Residual Life Models Based on Controlling Fatigue Stress and Strain in Carbon Fibre/Epoxy Composites J. J. Xiong, J. B. Bai and C. Y. Luo •An Energy-Based Fatigue Approach for Composites Combining Failure Mechanisms, Strength and Stiffness Degradation H. Krüger, R. Rolfes and E. Jansen •Fatigue Life Prediction Of Off-Axis Unidirectional Laminate F. WU and W.-X. YAO •Thermal Fatigue of AX41 Magnesium Alloy Based Composite Studied Using Thermal Expansivity Measurements Z. Drozd, Z. Trojanová and P. Lukáč •Fabrication of TI/APC-2 Nanocomposite Laminates and Their Fatigue Response at Elevated Temperature M.-H. R. Jen, C.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Sung and F.-C. Hsu •Fatigue and Fracture of Elastomeric Matrix Nanocomposites C. Bathias and S. Dong •Fatigue Delamination of Carbon Fiber Fabrics Reinforced PPS Laminates J. Bassery and J. Renard •Damage Mechanism and Fatigue Behaviour of Uniaxially and Sequentially Loaded Wound Tube Specimens F. Schmidt and P. Horst •Influence of Thermal and Mechanical Cycles on the Damping Behaviour of Mg Based-Nanocomposite Z. Trojanová, A. Makowska-Mielczarek, W. Riehemann and P. Lukáč •Delamination Detection in CFRP Laminates Using A0 and S0 Lamb Wave Modes N. Hu, Y.-L. Liu, H. Fukunaga and Y. Li •Calorimetric Analysis of Dissipative Effects Associated with the Fatigue of GFRP Composites H. Sawadogo, S. Panier and S. Hariri •Correlation Between Crack Propagation Rate and Cure Process of Epoxy Resins V. Trappe, S. Günzel and M. Jaunich Author Index

BPR


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 7691
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Advanced Polymer Composites for Structural Applications in Construction

ACIC 2004 : Proceedings of the Second International Conference, Held at the University of Surrey, Guildford, UK on 20-22 April 2004
Author: Leonard C Hollaway,M. K. Chryssanthopoulos,Stuart S. J. Moy
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855737365
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 772
View: 1542
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Following the success of ACIC 2002, this is the 2nd International Conference focusing on the application and further exploitation of advanced composites in construction held at the University of Surrey in April 2004. With over 100 delegates the conference brought together practicing engineers, asset managers, researchers and representatives of regulatory bodies to promote the active exchange of scientific and technical information on the rapidly changing scene of advanced composites in construction. The aim of the conference was to encourage the presentation of new concepts, techniques and case studies, which will lead to greater exploitation of advanced polymer composites and FRP materials for the civil engineering infrastructure, rehabilitation and renewal.

Composites for Automotive, Truck and Mass Transit

Materials, Design, Manufacturing
Author: Uday Vaidya
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1932078797
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 419
View: 3582
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· Technical explanation of composite materials in vehicle design and manufacture · Covers all phases of composites design, formulation, fabrication, and testing · Features hundreds of case studies and hard-to-find formulas and analytical data · Detailed information on resins, preforms, lightweighting, biobased materials -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This technical book provides a comprehensive explanation of how advanced composite materials, including FRPs, reinforced thermoplastics, carbon-based composites and many others are designed, processed and utilized in exterior, interior, under-the-hood, structural, semi-structural and non-structural components in passenger cars, performance cars, trucks, motorbikes, and mass transit vehicles. The book clarifies how the material properties of composites can be optimized to decrease weight, expand design options, improve crashworthiness, and reduce fuel consumption in response to CAFE and other regulations. The many case studies and equation-based analyses in this book are intended to assist engineers and others in the selection of materials and the fabrication of vehicle parts.Table of Contents: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 History and Legislative Actions 1.3 The Case for Lightweighting 1.4 Technological Barriers 1.5 Advantages and Opportunities 1.6 Integral Factors 1.7 Summary 1.8 References CHAPTER 2: POLYMER RESINS, ADDITIVES AND SANDWICH CORES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, MASS TRANSIT AND HEAVY TRUCKS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Polymer Resins: Thermoset and Thermoplastic 2.3 Thermoset Polymer Composites 2.4 Thermoplastic Resins 2.5 Additives 2.6 Structural Foams and Core Materials 2.7 Summary 2.8 References CHAPTER 3: REINFORCEMENTS FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 3.1 Reinforcing Fibers 3.2 Reinforcement Length Scales and Forms 3.3 Glass Fibers 3.4 Carbon or Graphite Fibers 3.5 Aramid (Kevlar") Fibers 3.6 High-Strength Polyolefin Fibers 3.7 Basalt Fibers 3.8 Summary5 3.9 References CHAPTER 4: MATERIAL FORMS FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 4.1 Need for Intermediate Material Forms 4.2 Preforming 4.3 Intermediate Material Form for Thermoplastic Composites 4.4 Summary 4.5 References CHAPTER 5: DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT-BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 5.1 Discontinuous Forms 5.2 Glass Mat Thermoplastic Composites (GMT) 5.3 Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) 5.4 Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) 5.5 Compression Molding 5.6 Programmable Powdered Preform Process (P4) 5.7 Structural Foam Molding 5.8 Other Application Case Studies with Discontinuous Fiber Composites 5.9 Exterior 5.10 Interior 5.11 Lightweighting Fuel Cells 5.12 Summary 5.13 References CHAPTER 6: CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCEMENT BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 6.1 Continuous Fiber Composites 6.2 Preforming 6.3 Continuous Fiber Processes for Automotive and Transportation Applications 6.4 Application Case Studies with Continuous Fiber Reinforcements 6.5 Summary 6.6 References CHAPTER 7: MECHANICS AND DESIGN TIPS 7.1 Test Methods and Specific Properties 7.2 Conversion Between Volume and Weight Fractions 7.3 Stiffness and Strength Prediction of Discontinuous and Continuous Fiber Composites 7.4 Stiffness Equivalency 7.5 Sandwich Composites 7.6 Ribbed LFT and Tape Reinforced LFT 7.7 Summary 7.8 References CHAPTER 8: COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING PROCESS ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 8.1 Background 8.2 Production Requirements 8.3 Representative Part 8.4 Cost Analysis 8.5 Economic Benefit for the Material Supplier 8.6 Summary 8.7 References CHAPTER 9: CARBON FIBER 9.1 Background 9.2 Challenges 9.3 Typical Properties of Automotive Carbon Fiber Composites 9.4 Carbon Fibers in Cars 9.5 Summary 9.6 References CHAPTER 10: PERFORMANCE CARS 10.1 Background 10.2 Performance Cars 10.3 Hypercar 10.4 Futuristic Concept Cars 10.5 Race Motorbikes 10.6 Summary 10.7 References CHAPTER 11: HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 11.1 Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) 11.2 Role of Composites in Mass Transit 11.3 Composite Subelements for Mass Transit 11.4 Summary 11.5 References CHAPTER 12: JOINING AND ADHESIVES 12.1 Joining and Bonding Strategies 12.2 Adhesive Bonding 12.3 Fusion Bonding/Welding 12.4 Joining in Automotive and Transportation Components 12.5 Summary 12.6 References CHAPTER 13: BIOCOMPOSITES, RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS 13.1 Need for Environmentally Friendly Materials 13.2 History 13.3 Regulations 13.4 Green Materials/Natural Fibers 13.5 Bio-Resins and Nanoclay Modified Resins 13.6 Nanocomposites 13.7 Intermediate Forms 13.8 Examples of Natural Fiber and Biocomposite Automotive Parts 13.9 Recycled Composite Scrap for Transportation 13.10 Summary 13.11 References CHAPTER 14: OVERALL SUMMARY 14.1 Overall Trends 14.2 Opportunities and Challenges Index

Advances in Sustainable and Competitive Manufacturing Systems

23rd International Conference on Flexible Automation & Intelligent Manufacturing
Author: Américo Azevedo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 331900557X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1693
View: 3390
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The proceedings includes the set of revised papers from the 23rd International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM 2013). This conference aims to provide an international forum for the exchange of leading edge scientific knowledge and industrial experience regarding the development and integration of the various aspects of Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing Systems covering the complete life-cycle of a company’s Products and Processes. Contents will include topics such as: Product, Process and Factory Integrated Design, Manufacturing Technology and Intelligent Systems, Manufacturing Operations Management and Optimization and Manufacturing Networks and MicroFactories.

The Impact of Technology on Sport II


Author: Franz Konstantin Fuss,Aleksandar Subic,Sadayuki Ujihashi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439828427
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 940
View: 5269
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Sport technology has to be seen from the holistic, as well as inter- and transdisciplinary point of view. Product development requires close collaboration between engineers, athletes, sports scientists, and business managers. It requires an in-depth understanding of engineering disciplines, life and sport sciences, as well as economics. The Impact of Technology on Sport II has in its core precisely this philosophy and approach. It aims to provide a deeper insight into the current status of sports technology and to present recent developments in this area from the perspective of different disciplines, industrial practice, academia and athletes. This book brings together work from researchers around the world and, in particular from the Asia-Pacific region. Most sport technologies are covered, including equipment and materials in various ball sports (golf, cricket, baseball, soccer, tennis, etc.), water sports, athletics, winter sports, mountaineering, motor sports and martial arts. The different technological areas extend to design; dynamics, vibrations and control; aerodynamics; instrumentation and measurements; modelling, simulation and optimisation; biomechanics and human performance; sports medicine; coaching and sports education.

Structural Analysis of Thermoplastic Components


Author: Gerald G. Trantina,Ron Nimmer
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780070652026
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 366
View: 4933
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How to predict thermoplastics behavior in high-performance structural applications Here's the very first engineering resource with all the data and design/analysis techniques you need to work with even the newest thermoplastics. Structural Analysis of Thermoplastic Components by Gerry Trantina and Ron Nimmer shows you how to predict stiffness, creep and fatigue of polymeric components--PLUS non-homogeneous materials such as structural foams and composites. You'll benefit from detailed comparisons of analytic prediction versus measured behavior and much more: Nonstandard property measurement and analysis; Nonlinearities associated with large deformations; Using structural geometry to offset low material stiffness; Designing thermoplastics to withstand impacts; Important loading variables, component lifetimes, frequency effects, hysteric heating and cyclic crack growth.

Making Value

Integrating Manufacturing, Design, and Innovation to Thrive in the Changing Global Economy: Summary of a Workshop
Author: National Academy of Engineering
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309264480
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 66
View: 6343
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Manufacturing is in a period of dramatic transformation. But in the United States, public and political dialogue is simplistically focused almost entirely on the movement of certain manufacturing jobs overseas to low-wage countries. The true picture is much more complicated, and also more positive, than this dialogue implies. After years of despair, many observers of US manufacturing are now more optimistic. A recent uptick in manufacturing employment and output in the United States is one factor they cite, but the main reasons for optimism are much more fundamental. Manufacturing is changing in ways that may favor American ingenuity. Rapidly advancing technologies in areas such as biomanufacturing, robotics, smart sensors, cloud-based computing, and nanotechnology have transformed not only the factory floor but also the way products are invented and designed, putting a premium on continual innovation and highly skilled workers. A shift in manufacturing toward smaller runs and custom-designed products is favoring agile and adaptable workplaces, business models, and employees, all of which have become a specialty in the United States. Future manufacturing will involve a global supply web, but the United States has a potentially great advantage because of our tight connections among innovations, design, and manufacturing and also our ability to integrate products and services. The National Academy of Engineering has been concerned about the issues surrounding manufacturing and is excited by the prospect of dramatic change. On June 11-12, 2012, it hosted a workshop in Washington, DC, to discuss the new world of manufacturing and how to position the United States to thrive in this world. The workshop steering committee focused on two particular goals. First, presenters and participants were to examine not just manufacturing but the broad array of activities that are inherently associated with manufacturing, including innovation and design. Second, the committee wanted to focus not just on making things but on making value, since value is the quality that will underlie high-paying jobs in America's future. Making Value: Integrating Manufacturing, Design, and Innovation to Thrive in the Changing Global Economy summarizes the workshop and the topics discussed by participants.

Composite Sheet Forming


Author: D. Bhattacharyya
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080529592
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 530
View: 1591
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Sheet forming is the most common process used in metal forming and is therefore constantly being adapted or modified to suit the needs of forming composite sheets. Due to the increasing availability of various types of fibre reinforced polymeric sheets, especially with thermoplastic matrices, the scope of use of such materials is rapidly expanding in the automobile, building, sports and other manufacturing industries beyond the traditional areas of aerospace and aircraft applications. This book contains twelve chapters and attempts to cover different aspects of sheet forming including both thermoplastic and thermosetting materials. In view of the expanded role of fibre reinforced composite sheets in the industry, the book also describes some non-traditional applications, processes and analytical techniques involving such materials. The first chapter is a brief introduction to the principles of sheet metal forming. The next two chapters introduce the various forms of materials, manufacturing techniques and the fundamentals of computer simulation. Chapter 4 describes the different aspects of thermoforming of continuous fibre reinforced thermoplastics and the following chapter studies the shear and frictional behaviour of composite sheets during forming. Chapter 6 explores the possibility of applying the grid strain analysis method in continuous fibre reinforced polymeric sheets. The next two chapters address fundamental concepts and recent developments in finite element modelling and rheology. Chapter 9 introduces the theory of bending of thermoplastic composite sheets and shows a novel way of determining both longitudinal and transverse viscosities through vee-bend tests. A significant expansion in the usage of composite materials is taking place in biomedical areas. Chapter 10 discusses the thermoforming of knitted fabric reinforced thermoplastics for load bearing and anisotropic bio-implants. The final chapter introduces roll forming, a commonly used rapid manufacturing process for sheet metals, and discusses the possibility of applying it economically for continuous reinforced thermoplastic sheets.

Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials, XVII: Part 8: Polymer-based composites and nano composites: Volume Two


Author: N.A
Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 8190777017
Category: Ceramic materials
Page: 895
View: 770
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Papers presented at the Seventeenth International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Material XVII, held at New Delhi during 15-17 December 2008.