International Relations Theory and the Asia-Pacific


Author: G. John. Ikenberry,Michael Mastanduno
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231500920
Category: Political Science
Page: 464
View: 6848
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What will the Asia-Pacific rim look like in the years ahead? What tools will international relations theorists need to understand the complex relationship among China, Japan, and the United States as the three powers shape the economic and political future of this crucial region? Some of the best and most innovative scholars in international relations and Asian area studies gather here with the working premise that stability in the broader Asia-Pacific region is in large part a function of the behavior of, and relationships among, these three major powers. Each author analyzes the foreign policy behavior of one or more of these states and/or relations among them in an effort to make claims about the prospects for regional stability. Some of the chapters focus on security relationships, some on economic relations, and some on the interaction of the two. The authors do not promote any particular theoretical perspective, but instead draw on the full diversity of theoretical approaches in contemporary international relations scholarship to illuminate international interactions among the Pacific powers. The creative collaboration of international relations and Asian studies specialists presents the opportunity to assess the applicability of Western categories of analysis to the beliefs and behaviors of Asian actors. The scholars in this volume share the conviction that a deeper understanding of the effects of cultural divides between Asian and American policymakers is essential if the Pacific rim's economic and regional security is to be safeguarded.

Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis in the Asia Pacific

Rational Leaders and Risky Behavior
Author: Kai He,Huiyun Feng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415656214
Category: Political Science
Page: 155
View: 2378
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Why does North Korea behave erratically in pursuing its nuclear weapons program? Why did the United States prefer bilateral alliances to multilateral ones in Asia after World War II? Why did China become "nice"—no more military coercion—in dealing with the pro-independence Taiwan President Chen Shuibian after 2000? Why did China compromise in the negotiation of the Chunxiao gas exploration in 2008 while Japan became provocative later in the Sino-Japanese disputes in the East China Sea? North Korea’s nuclear behavior, U.S. alliance strategy, China’s Taiwan policy, and Sino-Japanese territorial disputes are all important examples of seemingly irrational foreign policy decisions that have determined regional stability and Asian security. By examining major events in Asian security, this book investigates why and how leaders make risky and seemingly irrational decisions in international politics. The authors take the innovative step of integrating the neoclassical realist framework in political science and prospect theory in psychology. Their analysis suggests that political leaders are more likely to take risky actions when their vital interests and political legitimacy are seriously threatened. For each case, the authors first discuss the weaknesses of some of the prevailing arguments, mainly from rationalist and constructivist theorizing, and then offer an alternative explanation based on their political legitimacy-prospect theory model. This pioneering book tests and expands prospect theory to the study of Asian security and challenges traditional, expected-utility-based, rationalist theories of foreign policy behavior.

Gender and Global Politics in the Asia-Pacific


Author: B. D'Costa,K. Lee-Koo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230617743
Category: Political Science
Page: 266
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This book demonstrates the integral nature of gendered issues and feminist frameworks for a comprehensive understanding of contemporary IR bringing together the work of feminist scholars, teachers and activists into a coherent and accessible collection.

China's Multilateral Co-operation in Asia and the Pacific

Institutionalizing Beijing's 'Good Neighbour Policy'
Author: Chien-peng Chung
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136975624
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 4692
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The leaders and bureaucrats of China have actively attended, initiated, promoted or made skilful use of regional multilateral political, economic, and security institutions to accelerate regional cooperation and integration with neighboring states, convince Asian states that China’s rise will not threaten the regional order and their national interests, and exploit its role and diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific as a launch pad for greater influence in world affairs. This book examines why and to what extent China wishes to promote, accelerate, delay, or overcome constrains to, the institutionalization of these regional organizations. It explores the meaning, scope and repercussion in the drive that a rising China has for institutionalizing multilateral cooperative processes in the Asia-Pacific region, the extent to which its actions are motivated by concerns of politics, economics or security, and the obstacles it faces for so doing. These arrangements have varying effect on the diplomatic postures, economic development, and strategic orientation of countries in Asia and the Western Pacific, and hence the stability and prosperity of the entire region. China's Multilateral Co-operation in Asia and the Pacific will be of interest to those studying the politics and international relations of China and the Asia-Pacific region.

Oxford Handbook of the International Relations of Asia


Author: Saadia M. Pekkanen,Rosemary Foot,John Ravenhill
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199916241
Category: Political Science
Page: 810
View: 9372
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This handbook examines the theory and practice of international relations in Asia. Building on an investigation of how various theoretical approaches to international relations can elucidate Asia's empirical realities, authors examine the foreign relations and policies of major countries or sets of countries.

Middle Power Statecraft

Indonesia, Malaysia and the Asia-Pacific
Author: Jonathan H. Ping
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351153021
Category: Political Science
Page: 282
View: 4978
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Jonathan Ping's volume establishes a unifying theory for the concept of middle power (MP). MPs are states which have an innate form of statecraft and perceived power as a result of their size. The book presents hybridization theory as a basis for analysis, policy development and prediction of MP statecraft and perceived power. A prerequisite to the founding of hybridization theory is the new statistical method of definition which identifies sixteen MPs of Asia and the Pacific. The volume takes a comparative focus on Indonesia and Malaysia to inform and test hybridization theory, as well as to provide a historical analysis of Southeast Asia from a statecraft and perceived power perspective. It offers researchers and scholars of international relations and international political economy a theory that can be applied to the practical study of all middle sized states, while middle sized states can apply the same theory to enhance their own ability to (re)create their state.

Asia-Pacific Security

An Introduction
Author: Andrew Carr,Joanne Wallis
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626163456
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 1298
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This textbook provides an introduction to the international relations and security environment of the contemporary Asia-Pacific. The international team of expert authors introduce security studies concepts and terminology, examine the key actors in the region, explore in-depth the traditional and non-traditional security challenges, and frame the Asia-Pacific's international politics through several different international relations theories. Major topics covered include U.S.-China relations, India and Japan's changing roles, middle powers and small states, the possibility of arms races, maritime security, terrorism and transnational crime, human security, and technology and security. Asia-Pacific Security is written accessibly for undergraduate or Master's students who are studying the region for the first time, and the book is intended to be a core text for courses relating to security studies or the international relations of the region. Special features for students include chapter summaries, study questions, guides to further reading, and an extensive glossary.

Theorizing Southeast Asian Relations

Emerging Debates
Author: Amitav Acharya,Richard Stubbs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131796814X
Category: Political Science
Page: 140
View: 8955
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The recent proliferation of theories of international relations has transformed analyses of Southeast Asia’s international affairs. A new generation of scholars has promoted a lively and illuminating debate which has seen the traditional realist/ neorealist approach, which continues to hold centre stage, challenged by constructivist analyses. In turn, constructivists have found themselves under fire from an array of competing approaches. This collection engages this emerging debate. It underscores the point that Southeast Asia is now an important site for applying new theories of international relations. It also demonstrates that theoretical frameworks originally developed in North America and Europe have to be adapted to the specific circumstances found in places like Southeast Asia and that this process can enrich theory building. The chapters in this book focus on the realist/neorealist, constructivist, English School and critical approaches. The resulting debate helps to shed light on ways of analysing Southeast Asian relations as well as on the evolution of these key theoretical frameworks. This book was published as a special issue of The Pacific Review.

International Relations of Asia


Author: David L. Shambaugh,Michael B. Yahuda
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742556959
Category: History
Page: 383
View: 4205
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A second edition of this book is now available. As the world's most vital region, Asia embodies explosive economic growth, diverse political systems, vibrant societies, modernizing militaries, cutting-edge technologies, rich cultural traditions amid globalization, and strategic competition among major powers. As a result, international relations in Asia are evolving rapidly. In this deeply informed study, leading scholars offer the most current and definitive analysis available of Asia's regional relationships. They set developments in Asia in theoretical context, assess the role of leading external and regional powers, and consider the importance of subregional actors and linkages. Students and policy practitioners alike will find this book invaluable for understanding politics in contemporary Asia. Contributions by: Amitav Acharya, Sebastian Bersick, Nayan Chanda, Ralph Cossa, Sumit Ganguly, Michael Green, Samuel S. Kim, Edward J. Lincoln, Martha Brill Olcott, Philip C. Saunders, David Shambaugh, Sheldon W. Simon, Scott Snyder, Robert G. Sutter, Hugh White, and Michael Yahuda

Contentious Integration

Post-Cold War Japan-China Relations in the Asia-Pacific
Author: Chien-peng Chung
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317160452
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
View: 3159
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The Asian-Pacific is now one of the most important regions in the global system, where the interplay of integrative economic, geo-political and sociocultural processes provide increasing scope for regional leadership to be exercised, particularly by China and Japan. This book studies the relationship between the People's Republic of China and Japan as the basis of the construction and maintenance of economic and security arrangements in this region. It explains how these arrangements have been challenged by the occasionally testy ties between these two major Asian powers and explores their dynamic interactions in promoting their own agenda and ambitions, and obstructing that of the other's in contending for leadership of East Asia. In so doing, it highlights the complex interdependence and competitiveness of China and Japan, with careful observation from the United States. This book provides practical guidance for foreign policymaking in China, Japan and the United States, and makes theoretical inferences for the study of Sino-Japanese relations, regional integration and international relations generally.

Security Politics in the Asia-Pacific

A Regional-Global Nexus?
Author: William T. Tow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521765358
Category: Political Science
Page: 370
View: 7046
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In this book, leading experts present research on the evolution of key issues in Asian security.

Institutional Balancing in the Asia Pacific

Economic interdependence and China's rise
Author: Kai He
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113403055X
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 9854
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This book examines the strategic interactions among China, the United States, Japan, and Southeast Asian States in the context of China’s rise and globalization after the cold war. Engaging the mainstream theoretical debates in international relations, the author introduces a new theoretical framework—institutional realism—to explain the institutionalization of world politics in the Asia-Pacific after the cold war. Institutional realism suggests that deepening economic interdependence creates a condition under which states are more likely to conduct a new balancing strategy—institutional balancing, i.e., countering pressures or threats through initiating, utilizing, and dominating multilateral institutions—to pursue security under anarchy. To test the validity of institutional realism, Kai He examines the foreign policies of the U.S., Japan, the ASEAN states, and China toward four major multilateral institutions, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum (ARF), ASEAN Plus Three (APT), and East Asian Summit (EAS). Challenging the popular pessimistic view regarding China’s rise, the book concludes that economic interdependence and structural constraints may well soften the "dragon’s teeth." China’s rise does not mean a dark future for the region. Institutional Balancing in the Asia Pacific will be of great interest to policy makers and scholars of Asian security, international relations, Chinese foreign policy, and U.S. foreign policy.

Asia-Pacific Nations in International Peace Support and Stability Operations


Author: C. Aoi,Y. Heng
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137366958
Category: Political Science
Page: 291
View: 3153
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This book aims to provide for a path-breaking cross-regional comparison of the capabilities and readiness of Asia-Pacific countries to contribute to peace support missions, with an eye to identifying emerging trends and policy implications.

China's Ascent

Power, Security, and the Future of International Politics
Author: Robert S. Ross,Zhu Feng
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801456983
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 4220
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Assessments of China's importance on the world stage usually focus on a single dimension of China's increasing power, rather than on the multiple sources of China's rise, including its economic might and the continuing modernization of its military. This book offers multiple analytical perspectives—constructivist, liberal, neorealist—on the significance of the many dimensions of China's regional and global influence. Distinguished authors consider the likelihood of conflict and peaceful accommodation as China grows ever stronger. They look at the changing position of China "from the inside": How do Chinese policymakers evaluate the contemporary international order and what are the regional and global implications of that worldview? The authors also address the implications of China's increasing power for Chinese policymaking and for the foreign policies of Korea, Japan, and the United States. Contributors: Robert Art, Brandeis University; Avery Goldstein, University of Pennsylvania; G. John Ikenberry, Princeton University; Byung-Kook Kim, Korea University; Jonathan Kirshner, Cornell University; Jeffrey W. Legro, University of Virginia; Jack S. Levy, Rutgers University; Qin Yaqing, China Foreign Affairs University; Robert S. Ross, Boston College; Akio Takahara, University of Tokyo; Tang Shiping, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Wei Ling, China Foreign Affairs University; Zhu Feng, Peking University

The Rise of China and International Security

America and Asia Respond
Author: Kevin J. Cooney,Yoichiro Sato
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134079559
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 6890
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This edited volume offers diverse and comprehensive views of China's rise and its implications to the East Asian region and beyond. The economic growth of China, initially started in the late-1970s with domestic and rural reforms, has been increasingly driven by China's industrialization and integration into the regional and global markets. The growth and integration of China, however, has exposed China's closest neighbours and even more remote countries to its various (previously internal) problems, and the lagging political openness of China has often negatively impacted on cooperation with other countries in dealing with these problems (i.e. trans-border pollutions, epidemics, illegal migrations, organized crimes, financial management, etc.). This book integrates geopolitical and domestic political analysis of China with a broad set of transnational security issues, and includes a diversity of regional views. In doing so, it explores further than the dichotomous debate between the American realists and liberals, adding finesse to the often simplified discussions on how to deal with the rising China. This book will be of interest to students of Asian Politics, Security Studies and International Relations.

Rise of China

Beijing’s Strategies and Implications for the Asia-Pacific
Author: Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao,Cheng-Yi Lin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134032161
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 2958
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Despite the growing internal social unrest and disparity of economic development, the People’s Republic of China is the third largest world economy and the second largest defense spender. Showing no clear signs of slowing down, China’s rise is seen as both an opportunity and a challenge by the major world powers. This book examines every aspect of Beijing's strategies, ranging from political, economic and social challenges, to the Taiwan and Hong Kong issues, to the implications of these strategies in terms of China's place within the Asia Pacific, and indeed within the world system. Written by a stellar line-up of international contributors the book will appeal to students and scholars of Chinese politics, foreign policy, political economy and social policy, and China-watchers alike.

Collateral Damage

Sino-Soviet Rivalry and the Termination of the Sino-Vietnamese Alliance
Author: Nicholas Khoo
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231521634
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 4269
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Although the Chinese and the Vietnamese were Cold War allies in wars against the French and the Americans, their alliance collapsed and they ultimately fought a war against each other in 1979. More than thirty years later the fundamental cause of the alliance's termination remains contested among historians, international relations theorists, and Asian studies specialists. Nicholas Khoo brings fresh perspective to this debate. Using Chinese-language materials released since the end of the Cold War, Khoo revises existing explanations for the termination of China's alliance with Vietnam, arguing that Vietnamese cooperation with China's Cold War adversary, the Soviet Union, was the necessary and sufficient cause for the alliance's termination. He finds alternative explanations to be less persuasive. These emphasize nonmaterial causes, such as ideology and culture, or reference issues within the Sino-Vietnamese relationship, such as land and border disputes, Vietnam's treatment of its ethnic Chinese minority, and Vietnam's attempt to establish a sphere of influence over Cambodia and Laos. Khoo also adds to the debate over the relevance of realist theory in interpreting China's international behavior during both the Cold War and post-Cold War eras. While others see China as a social state driven by nonmaterial processes, Khoo makes the case for viewing China as a quintessential neorealist state. From this perspective, the focus of neorealist theory on security threats from materially stronger powers explains China's foreign policy not only toward the Soviet Union but also in relation to its Vietnamese allies.

Reconciling Enemy States in Europe and Asia


Author: Seunghoon Emilia Heo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230390374
Category: Political Science
Page: 206
View: 6049
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Heo conceptualizes reconciliation in International Relations theory and fills a gap by building a theoretical framework for interstate reconciliation. Combining historical and political scientific approaches, she analyses case studies from Europe, the Middle East, and Northeast Asia.

Asia-Pacific Security

US, Australia and Japan and the New Security Triangle
Author: William Tow,Mark Thomson,Yoshinobu Yamamoto,Satu Limaye
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134115474
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 1655
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The aim of this book is to explore the implications stemming from the recent upgrading of Australia-Japan-US security interactions and the implications for Asia-Pacific regional security that these represent. While a fully functioning trilateral security alliance binding Australia, Japan and the United States is unlikely to materialise or supplant existing bilateral arrangements, the convergence of the strategic interests of these three states makes it imperative that the full-range of such interests and the policy ramifications flowing from them warrants extensive investigation. The need to do so is particularly compelling given that the ‘Trilateral Security Dialogue’ is one of several contending recent approaches to reshaping Asia-Pacific regional security architectures and mechanisms for confronting new strategic challenges in a post-Cold War and post-9/11 environment. Key issues to be considered in this volume include the theoretical and empirical context of ‘trilateralism’; the evolving history of the Australia-Japan-United States trilateral security relationship; its connection to and impact on the U.S. bilateral alliance network in Asia; how domestic politics in each country relates to regional security politics; Sino-Australian and Sino-Japanese bilateral security ties; arms control, maritime security and the ‘economic security nexus’. This book will be of much interest to all students of Asia-Pacific Security, US foreign policy, Asian politics and International Relations in general