## Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory

*Linear Systems, Identification and Control*

**Author**: Christiaan Heij,André C.M. Ran,F. van Schagen

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**3764375493

**Category:**Science

**Page:**166

**View:**2793

This book provides an introduction to the theory of linear systems and control for students in business mathematics, econometrics, computer science, and engineering; the focus is on discrete time systems. The subjects treated are among the central topics of deterministic linear system theory: controllability, observability, realization theory, stability and stabilization by feedback, LQ-optimal control theory. Kalman filtering and LQC-control of stochastic systems are also discussed, as are modeling, time series analysis and model specification, along with model validation.

## Identification of Dynamic Systems

*An Introduction with Applications*

**Author**: Rolf Isermann,Marco Münchhof

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**9783540788799

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**705

**View:**6687

Precise dynamic models of processes are required for many applications, ranging from control engineering to the natural sciences and economics. Frequently, such precise models cannot be derived using theoretical considerations alone. Therefore, they must be determined experimentally. This book treats the determination of dynamic models based on measurements taken at the process, which is known as system identification or process identification. Both offline and online methods are presented, i.e. methods that post-process the measured data as well as methods that provide models during the measurement. The book is theory-oriented and application-oriented and most methods covered have been used successfully in practical applications for many different processes. Illustrative examples in this book with real measured data range from hydraulic and electric actuators up to combustion engines. Real experimental data is also provided on the Springer webpage, allowing readers to gather their first experience with the methods presented in this book. Among others, the book covers the following subjects: determination of the non-parametric frequency response, (fast) Fourier transform, correlation analysis, parameter estimation with a focus on the method of Least Squares and modifications, identification of time-variant processes, identification in closed-loop, identification of continuous time processes, and subspace methods. Some methods for nonlinear system identification are also considered, such as the Extended Kalman filter and neural networks. The different methods are compared by using a real three-mass oscillator process, a model of a drive train. For many identification methods, hints for the practical implementation and application are provided. The book is intended to meet the needs of students and practicing engineers working in research and development, design and manufacturing.

## Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory

*A Behavioral Approach*

**Author**: J.C. Willems,J.W. Polderman

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**1475729537

**Category:**Mathematics

**Page:**424

**View:**7747

Using the behavioural approach to mathematical modelling, this book views a system as a dynamical relation between manifest and latent variables. The emphasis is on dynamical systems that are represented by systems of linear constant coefficients. The first part analyses the structure of the set of trajectories generated by such dynamical systems, and derives the conditions for two systems of differential equations to be equivalent in the sense that they define the same behaviour. In addition the memory structure of the system is analysed through state space models. The second part of the book is devoted to a number of important system properties, notably controllability, observability, and stability. In the third part, control problems are considered, in particular stabilisation and pole placement questions. Suitable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in mathematics and engineering, this text contains numerous exercises, including simulation problems, and examples, notably of mechanical systems and electrical circuits.

## System Identification

*An Introduction*

**Author**: Karel J. Keesman

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**9780857295224

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**323

**View:**6543

System Identification shows the student reader how to approach the system identification problem in a systematic fashion. The process is divided into three basic steps: experimental design and data collection; model structure selection and parameter estimation; and model validation, each of which is the subject of one or more parts of the text. Following an introduction on system theory, particularly in relation to model representation and model properties, the book contains four parts covering: • data-based identification – non-parametric methods for use when prior system knowledge is very limited; • time-invariant identification for systems with constant parameters; • time-varying systems identification, primarily with recursive estimation techniques; and • model validation methods. A fifth part, composed of appendices, covers the various aspects of the underlying mathematics needed to begin using the text. The book uses essentially semi-physical or gray-box modeling methods although data-based, transfer-function system descriptions are also introduced. The approach is problem-based rather than rigorously mathematical. The use of finite input–output data is demonstrated for frequency- and time-domain identification in static, dynamic, linear, nonlinear, time-invariant and time-varying systems. Simple examples are used to show readers how to perform and emulate the identification steps involved in various control design methods with more complex illustrations derived from real physical, chemical and biological applications being used to demonstrate the practical applicability of the methods described. End-of-chapter exercises (for which a downloadable instructors’ Solutions Manual is available from fill in URL here) will both help students to assimilate what they have learned and make the book suitable for self-tuition by practitioners looking to brush up on modern techniques. Graduate and final-year undergraduate students will find this text to be a practical and realistic course in system identification that can be used for assessing the processes of a variety of engineering disciplines. System Identification will help academic instructors teaching control-related to give their students a good understanding of identification methods that can be used in the real world without the encumbrance of undue mathematical detail.

## Discrete-Time Linear Systems

*Theory and Design with Applications*

**Author**: Guoxiang Gu

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**1461422817

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**452

**View:**8765

Discrete-Time Linear Systems: Theory and Design with Applications combines system theory and design in order to show the importance of system theory and its role in system design. The book focuses on system theory (including optimal state feedback and optimal state estimation) and system design (with applications to feedback control systems and wireless transceivers, plus system identification and channel estimation).

## Principles of System Identification

*Theory and Practice*

**Author**: Arun K. Tangirala

**Publisher:**CRC Press

**ISBN:**143989602X

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**908

**View:**9520

Master Techniques and Successfully Build Models Using a Single Resource Vital to all data-driven or measurement-based process operations, system identification is an interface that is based on observational science, and centers on developing mathematical models from observed data. Principles of System Identification: Theory and Practice is an introductory-level book that presents the basic foundations and underlying methods relevant to system identification. The overall scope of the book focuses on system identification with an emphasis on practice, and concentrates most specifically on discrete-time linear system identification. Useful for Both Theory and Practice The book presents the foundational pillars of identification, namely, the theory of discrete-time LTI systems, the basics of signal processing, the theory of random processes, and estimation theory. It explains the core theoretical concepts of building (linear) dynamic models from experimental data, as well as the experimental and practical aspects of identification. The author offers glimpses of modern developments in this area, and provides numerical and simulation-based examples, case studies, end-of-chapter problems, and other ample references to code for illustration and training. Comprising 26 chapters, and ideal for coursework and self-study, this extensive text: Provides the essential concepts of identification Lays down the foundations of mathematical descriptions of systems, random processes, and estimation in the context of identification Discusses the theory pertaining to non-parametric and parametric models for deterministic-plus-stochastic LTI systems in detail Demonstrates the concepts and methods of identification on different case-studies Presents a gradual development of state-space identification and grey-box modeling Offers an overview of advanced topics of identification namely the linear time-varying (LTV), non-linear, and closed-loop identification Discusses a multivariable approach to identification using the iterative principal component analysis Embeds MATLAB® codes for illustrated examples in the text at the respective points Principles of System Identification: Theory and Practice presents a formal base in LTI deterministic and stochastic systems modeling and estimation theory; it is a one-stop reference for introductory to moderately advanced courses on system identification, as well as introductory courses on stochastic signal processing or time-series analysis.

## System Identification

*Theory for the User*

**Author**: Lennart Ljung

**Publisher:**Pearson Education

**ISBN:**0132440539

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**N.A

**View:**4714

The field's leading text, now completely updated. Modeling dynamical systems — theory, methodology, and applications. Lennart Ljung's System Identification: Theory for the User is a complete, coherent description of the theory, methodology, and practice of System Identification. This completely revised Second Edition introduces subspace methods, methods that utilize frequency domain data, and general non-linear black box methods, including neural networks and neuro-fuzzy modeling. The book contains many new computer-based examples designed for Ljung's market-leading software, System Identification Toolbox for MATLAB. Ljung combines careful mathematics, a practical understanding of real-world applications, and extensive exercises. He introduces both black-box and tailor-made models of linear as well as non-linear systems, and he describes principles, properties, and algorithms for a variety of identification techniques: Nonparametric time-domain and frequency-domain methods. Parameter estimation methods in a general prediction error setting. Frequency domain data and frequency domain interpretations. Asymptotic analysis of parameter estimates. Linear regressions, iterative search methods, and other ways to compute estimates. Recursive (adaptive) estimation techniques. Ljung also presents detailed coverage of the key issues that can make or break system identification projects, such as defining objectives, designing experiments, controlling the bias distribution of transfer-function estimates, and carefully validating the resulting models. The first edition of System Identification has been the field's most widely cited reference for over a decade. This new edition will be the new text of choice for anyone concerned with system identification theory and practice.

## Mastering System Identification in 100 Exercises

**Author**: Johan Schoukens,Rik Pintelon,Yves Rolain

**Publisher:**John Wiley & Sons

**ISBN:**1118218507

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**282

**View:**8128

This book enables readers to understand system identification and linear system modeling through 100 practical exercises without requiring complex theoretical knowledge. The contents encompass state-of-the-art system identification methods, with both time and frequency domain system identification methods covered, including the pros and cons of each. Each chapter features MATLAB exercises, discussions of the exercises, accompanying MATLAB downloads, and larger projects that serve as potential assignments in this learn-by-doing resource.

## Linear Operators and Linear Systems

*An Analytical Approach to Control Theory*

**Author**: Jonathan R. Partington

**Publisher:**Cambridge University Press

**ISBN:**9780521546195

**Category:**Mathematics

**Page:**166

**View:**1337

Linear systems can be regarded as a causal shift-invariant operator on a Hilbert space of signals, and by doing so this book presents an introduction to the common ground between operator theory and linear systems theory. The book therefore includes material on pure mathematical topics such as Hardy spaces, closed operators, the gap metric, semigroups, shift-invariant subspaces, the commutant lifting theorem and almost-periodic functions, which would be entirely suitable for a course in functional analysis; at the same time, the book includes applications to partial differential equations, to the stability and stabilization of linear systems, to power signal spaces (including some recent material not previously available in books), and to delay systems, treated from an input/output point of view. Suitable for students of analysis, this book also acts as an introduction to a mathematical approach to systems and control for graduate students in departments of applied mathematics or engineering.

## Stochastic Systems

*Estimation, Identification, and Adaptive Control*

**Author**: P. R. Kumar,Pravin Varaiya

**Publisher:**SIAM

**ISBN:**1611974259

**Category:**Mathematics

**Page:**358

**View:**9148

Since its origins in the 1940s, the subject of decision making under uncertainty has grown into a diversified area with application in several branches of engineering and in those areas of the social sciences concerned with policy analysis and prescription. These approaches required a computing capacity too expensive for the time, until the ability to collect and process huge quantities of data engendered an explosion of work in the area. This book provides succinct and rigorous treatment of the foundations of stochastic control; a unified approach to filtering, estimation, prediction, and stochastic and adaptive control; and the conceptual framework necessary to understand current trends in stochastic control, data mining, machine learning, and robotics.

## Subspace Methods for System Identification

**Author**: Tohru Katayama

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**184628158X

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**392

**View:**1532

An in-depth introduction to subspace methods for system identification in discrete-time linear systems thoroughly augmented with advanced and novel results, this text is structured into three parts. Part I deals with the mathematical preliminaries: numerical linear algebra; system theory; stochastic processes; and Kalman filtering. Part II explains realization theory as applied to subspace identification. Stochastic realization results based on spectral factorization and Riccati equations, and on canonical correlation analysis for stationary processes are included. Part III demonstrates the closed-loop application of subspace identification methods. Subspace Methods for System Identification is an excellent reference for researchers and a useful text for tutors and graduate students involved in control and signal processing courses. It can be used for self-study and will be of interest to applied scientists or engineers wishing to use advanced methods in modeling and identification of complex systems.

## Control-oriented Modelling and Identification

*Theory and Practice*

**Author**: Marco Lovera

**Publisher:**IET

**ISBN:**1849196141

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**408

**View:**719

The process of developing control-oriented mathematical models of physical systems is a complex task, which in general implies a careful combination of prior knowledge about the physics of the system under study with information coming from experimental data. This book presents state of the art methods and tools available within the systems and control literature to support control oriented modelling activities and to illustrate their usefulness by means of a number of case studies and applications.

## Subspace Identification for Linear Systems

*Theory — Implementation — Applications*

**Author**: Peter van Overschee,B.L. de Moor

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**1461304652

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**272

**View:**7034

Subspace Identification for Linear Systems focuses on the theory, implementation and applications of subspace identification algorithms for linear time-invariant finite- dimensional dynamical systems. These algorithms allow for a fast, straightforward and accurate determination of linear multivariable models from measured input-output data. The theory of subspace identification algorithms is presented in detail. Several chapters are devoted to deterministic, stochastic and combined deterministic-stochastic subspace identification algorithms. For each case, the geometric properties are stated in a main 'subspace' Theorem. Relations to existing algorithms and literature are explored, as are the interconnections between different subspace algorithms. The subspace identification theory is linked to the theory of frequency weighted model reduction, which leads to new interpretations and insights. The implementation of subspace identification algorithms is discussed in terms of the robust and computationally efficient RQ and singular value decompositions, which are well-established algorithms from numerical linear algebra. The algorithms are implemented in combination with a whole set of classical identification algorithms, processing and validation tools in Xmath's ISID, a commercially available graphical user interface toolbox. The basic subspace algorithms in the book are also implemented in a set of Matlab files accompanying the book. An application of ISID to an industrial glass tube manufacturing process is presented in detail, illustrating the power and user-friendliness of the subspace identification algorithms and of their implementation in ISID. The identified model allows for an optimal control of the process, leading to a significant enhancement of the production quality. The applicability of subspace identification algorithms in industry is further illustrated with the application of the Matlab files to ten practical problems. Since all necessary data and Matlab files are included, the reader can easily step through these applications, and thus get more insight in the algorithms. Subspace Identification for Linear Systems is an important reference for all researchers in system theory, control theory, signal processing, automization, mechatronics, chemical, electrical, mechanical and aeronautical engineering.

## Intelligent Control Systems Using Computational Intelligence Techniques

**Author**: A.E. Ruano

**Publisher:**IET

**ISBN:**9780863414893

**Category:**Computers

**Page:**454

**View:**5045

Intelligent Control techniques are becoming important tools in both academia and industry. Methodologies developed in the field of soft-computing, such as neural networks, fuzzy systems and evolutionary computation, can lead to accommodation of more complex processes, improved performance and considerable time savings and cost reductions. Intelligent Control Systems using Computational Intellingence Techniques details the application of these tools to the field of control systems. Each chapter gives and overview of current approaches in the topic covered, with a set of the most important references in the field, and then details the author's approach, examining both the theory and practical applications.

## Introduction to Linear Control Systems

**Author**: Yazdan Bavafa-Toosi

**Publisher:**Academic Press

**ISBN:**012812749X

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**954

**View:**5706

Introduction to Linear Control Systems is designed as a standard introduction to linear control systems for all those who one way or another deal with control systems. It can be used as a comprehensive up-to-date textbook for a one-semester 3-credit undergraduate course on linear control systems as the first course on this topic at university. This includes the faculties of electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, chemical and petroleum engineering, industrial engineering, civil engineering, bio-engineering, economics, mathematics, physics, management and social sciences, etc. The book covers foundations of linear control systems, their raison detre, different types, modelling, representations, computations, stability concepts, tools for time-domain and frequency-domain analysis and synthesis, and fundamental limitations, with an emphasis on frequency-domain methods. Every chapter includes a part on further readings where more advanced topics and pertinent references are introduced for further studies. The presentation is theoretically firm, contemporary, and self-contained. Appendices cover Laplace transform and differential equations, dynamics, MATLAB and SIMULINK, treatise on stability concepts and tools, treatise on Routh-Hurwitz method, random optimization techniques as well as convex and non-convex problems, and sample midterm and endterm exams. The book is divided to the sequel 3 parts plus appendices. PART I: In this part of the book, chapters 1-5, we present foundations of linear control systems. This includes: the introduction to control systems, their raison detre, their different types, modelling of control systems, different methods for their representation and fundamental computations, basic stability concepts and tools for both analysis and design, basic time domain analysis and design details, and the root locus as a stability analysis and synthesis tool. PART II: In this part of the book, Chapters 6-9, we present what is generally referred to as the frequency domain methods. This refers to the experiment of applying a sinusoidal input to the system and studying its output. There are basically three different methods for representation and studying of the data of the aforementioned frequency response experiment: these are the Nyquist plot, the Bode diagram, and the Krohn-Manger-Nichols chart. We study these methods in details. We learn that the output is also a sinusoid with the same frequency but generally with different phase and magnitude. By dividing the output by the input we obtain the so-called sinusoidal or frequency transfer function of the system which is the same as the transfer function when the Laplace variable s is substituted with . Finally we use the Bode diagram for the design process. PART III: In this part, Chapter 10, we introduce some miscellaneous advanced topics under the theme fundamental limitations which should be included in this undergraduate course at least in an introductory level. We make bridges between some seemingly disparate aspects of a control system and theoretically complement the previously studied subjects. Appendices: The book contains seven appendices. Appendix A is on the Laplace transform and differential equations. Appendix B is an introduction to dynamics. Appendix C is an introduction to MATLAB, including SIMULINK. Appendix D is a survey on stability concepts and tools. A glossary and road map of the available stability concepts and tests is provided which is missing even in the research literature. Appendix E is a survey on the Routh-Hurwitz method, also missing in the literature. Appendix F is an introduction to random optimization techniques and convex and non-convex problems. Finally, appendix G presents sample midterm and endterm exams, which are class-tested several times.

## Filtering and System Identification

*A Least Squares Approach*

**Author**: Michel Verhaegen,Vincent Verdult

**Publisher:**Cambridge University Press

**ISBN:**9781139465021

**Category:**Technology & Engineering

**Page:**N.A

**View:**8965

Filtering and system identification are powerful techniques for building models of complex systems. This 2007 book discusses the design of reliable numerical methods to retrieve missing information in models derived using these techniques. Emphasis is on the least squares approach as applied to the linear state-space model, and problems of increasing complexity are analyzed and solved within this framework, starting with the Kalman filter and concluding with the estimation of a full model, noise statistics and state estimator directly from the data. Key background topics, including linear matrix algebra and linear system theory, are covered, followed by different estimation and identification methods in the state-space model. With end-of-chapter exercises, MATLAB simulations and numerous illustrations, this book will appeal to graduate students and researchers in electrical, mechanical and aerospace engineering. It is also useful for practitioners. Additional resources for this title, including solutions for instructors, are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521875127.

## An Introduction to Infinite-Dimensional Linear Systems Theory

**Author**: Ruth F. Curtain,Hans Zwart

**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:**9780387944753

**Category:**Mathematics

**Page:**698

**View:**7514

This book introduces infinite dimensional linear systems, treating both state-space and frequency-domain aspects in an integrated fashion that is accessible to graduate engineers and mathematicians with a minimal background in functional analysis.

## System Identification

*A Frequency Domain Approach*

**Author**: Rik Pintelon,Johan Schoukens

**Publisher:**John Wiley & Sons

**ISBN:**0470640375

**Category:**Science

**Page:**743

**View:**5511

System identification is a general term used to describe mathematical tools and algorithms that build dynamical models from measured data. Used for prediction, control, physical interpretation, and the designing of any electrical systems, they are vital in the fields of electrical, mechanical, civil, and chemical engineering. Focusing mainly on frequency domain techniques, System Identification: A Frequency Domain Approach, Second Edition also studies in detail the similarities and differences with the classical time domain approach. It high??lights many of the important steps in the identification process, points out the possible pitfalls to the reader, and illustrates the powerful tools that are available. Readers of this Second Editon will benefit from: MATLAB software support for identifying multivariable systems that is freely available at the website http://booksupport.wiley.com State-of-the-art system identification methods for both time and frequency domain data New chapters on non-parametric and parametric transfer function modeling using (non-)period excitations Numerous examples and figures that facilitate the learning process A simple writing style that allows the reader to learn more about the theo??retical aspects of the proofs and algorithms Unlike other books in this field, System Identification, Second Edition is ideal for practicing engineers, scientists, researchers, and both master's and PhD students in electrical, mechanical, civil, and chemical engineering.

## Wave Motion, Intelligent Structures and Nonlinear Mechanics

*A Herbert berall Festschrift Volume*

**Author**: Herbert berall,Ardshir Guran,D. J. Inman

**Publisher:**World Scientific

**ISBN:**9789810229818

**Category:**Science

**Page:**301

**View:**3878

This book is a collection of papers on the subject of applied system dynamics and control written by experts in this field. It offers the reader a sampling of exciting research areas in three fast-growing branches: (i) Wave Motion (ii) Intelligent Structures (iii) Nonlinear Mechanics. The topics covered include flow instability, nonlinear mode localization autoparametric systems with pendula, and geometric stiffening in multibody dynamics. Mathematical methods include perturbation methods, modern control theory, nonlinear neural nets, and resonance scattering theory of berall-Ripoche-Maze. Applications include sound-induced structural vibrations, fiber acoustic waveguides, vibration suppression of structures, linear control of gyroscopic systems, and nonlinear control of distributed systems.This book shows how applied system dynamics and control is currently being utilized and investigated. It will be of interest to engineers, applied mathematicians and physicists.

## Dynamic Systems and Control with Applications

**Author**: Nasir Uddin Ahmed

**Publisher:**World Scientific Publishing Company

**ISBN:**9813106824

**Category:**

**Page:**468

**View:**2777

In recent years significant applications of systems and control theory have been witnessed in diversed areas such as physical sciences, social sciences, engineering, management and finance. In particular the most interesting applications have taken place in areas such as aerospace, buildings and space structure, suspension bridges, artificial heart, chemotherapy, power system, hydrodynamics and computer communication networks. There are many prominent areas of systems and control theory that include systems governed by linear and nonlinear ordinary differential equations, systems governed by partial differential equations including their stochastic counter parts and, above all, systems governed by abstract differential and functional differential equations and inclusions on Banach spaces, including their stochastic counterparts. The objective of this book is to present a small segment of theory and applications of systems and control governed by ordinary differential equations and inclusions. It is expected that any reader who has absorbed the materials presented here would have no difficulty to reach the core of current research.