Introduction to Quantum Information Science


Author: Vlatko Vedral
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199215707
Category: Computers
Page: 183
View: 7339
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In addition to treating quantum communication, entanglement and algorithms, this book also addresses a number of miscellaneous topics, such as Maxwell's demon, Landauer's erasure, the Bekenstein bound and Caratheodory's treatment of the Second law of thermodyanmics.

Quantum Information


Author: Stephen Barnett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198527624
Category: Computers
Page: 300
View: 9702
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Quantum information is an area of science, which brings together physics, information theory, computer science & mathematics. This book, which is based on two successful lecture courses, is intended to introduce readers to the ideas behind new developments including quantum cryptography, teleportation & quantum computing.

Bio-Inspired and Nanoscale Integrated Computing


Author: Mary Mehrnoosh Eshaghian-Wilner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470429976
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 5647
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Brings the latest advances in nanotechnology and biology to computing This pioneering book demonstrates how nanotechnology can create even faster, denser computing architectures and algorithms. Furthermore, it draws from the latest advances in biology with a focus on bio-inspired computing at the nanoscale, bringing to light several new and innovative applications such as nanoscale implantable biomedical devices and neural networks. Bio-Inspired and Nanoscale Integrated Computing features an expert team of interdisciplinary authors who offer readers the benefit of their own breakthroughs in integrated computing as well as a thorough investigation and analyses of the literature. Carefully edited, the book begins with an introductory chapter providing a general overview of the field. It ends with a chapter setting forth the common themes that tie the chapters together as well as a forecast of emerging avenues of research. Among the important topics addressed in the book are modeling of nano devices, quantum computing, quantum dot cellular automata, dielectrophoretic reconfigurable nano architectures, multilevel and three-dimensional nanomagnetic recording, spin-wave architectures and algorithms, fault-tolerant nanocomputing, molecular computing, self-assembly of supramolecular nanostructures, DNA nanotechnology and computing, nanoscale DNA sequence matching, medical nanorobotics, heterogeneous nanostructures for biomedical diagnostics, biomimetic cortical nanocircuits, bio-applications of carbon nanotubes, and nanoscale image processing. Readers in electrical engineering, computer science, and computational biology will gain new insights into how bio-inspired and nanoscale devices can be used to design the next generation of enhanced integrated circuits.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition


Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466658894
Category: Computers
Page: 10384
View: 3995
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"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.

Interactive World, Interactive God

The Basic Reality of Creative Interaction
Author: Carol Rausch Albright,John R. Albright,Mladen Turk
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1498293883
Category: Religion
Page: 272
View: 8394
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Since the dawn of science, ideas about the relation between science and religion have always depended on what else is going on in a society. During the twentieth century, daily life changed dramatically. Technology revolutionized transportation, agriculture, communications, and housework. People came to rely on scientific predictability in their technology. Many wondered whether God's supposed actions were consistent with scientific knowledge. The twenty-first century is bringing new scientific research capabilities. They are revealing that scientific results are not totally predictable after all. Certain types of interaction lead to outcomes that are unpredictable, in principle. These in turn may lead to a whole new range of potential interactions. They do not rule out the reality of a dynamic God who can act in the world without breaking the known principles of science. God may in fact work with "the way things really are." Human experience of God may accurately reflect this reality. Interactive World, Interactive God illustrates such new understandings in religion and science by describing recent developments in a wide range of sciences, and providing theological commentary. The book is written for intelligent readers who may not be specialized in science but who are looking for ways to understand divine action in today's world.

An Introduction to Quantum Computing


Author: Phillip Kaye,Raymond Laflamme,Michele Mosca
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198570007
Category: Computers
Page: 274
View: 8423
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The authors provide an introduction to quantum computing. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in these disciplines, this text is illustrated with diagrams and exercises.

An Introduction to Quantum Theory


Author: Keith Hannabuss
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780191588730
Category: Science
Page: 394
View: 9403
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This book provides an introduction to quantum theory primarily for students of mathematics. Although the approach is mainly traditional the discussion exploits ideas of linear algebra, and points out some of the mathematical subtleties of the theory. Amongst the less traditional topics are Bell's inequalities, coherent and squeezed states, and introductions to group representation theory. Later chapters discuss relativistic wave equations and elementary particle symmetries from a group theoretical standpoint rather than the customary Lie algebraic approach. This book is intended for the later years of an undergraduate course or for graduates. It assumes a knowledge of basic linear algebra and elementary group theory, though for convenience these are also summarized in an appendix.

Introduction to Optical Quantum Information Processing


Author: Pieter Kok,Brendon W. Lovett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486438
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 8967
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Quantum information processing offers fundamental improvements over classical information processing, such as computing power, secure communication, and high-precision measurements. However, the best way to create practical devices is not yet known. This textbook describes the techniques that are likely to be used in implementing optical quantum information processors. After developing the fundamental concepts in quantum optics and quantum information theory, the book shows how optical systems can be used to build quantum computers according to the most recent ideas. It discusses implementations based on single photons and linear optics, optically controlled atoms and solid-state systems, atomic ensembles, and optical continuous variables. This book is ideal for graduate students beginning research in optical quantum information processing. It presents the most important techniques of the field using worked examples and over 120 exercises.

Theoretische Physik

Ein Kurzlehrbuch und Repetitorium
Author: Dietrich Stauffer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642971520
Category: Science
Page: 159
View: 9467
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In der Reihenfolge Mechanik, Elektrodynamik, Quantenmechanik und Statistische Physik behandelt dieses Lehrbuch in konzentrierter Form den Stoff eines zweisemestrigen Theoriekurses. Dabei verfolgt es das Ziel, die wichtigsten Prüfungsfragen aus der theoretischen Physik zu beantworten und die Zusammenhänge zwischen den Teilgebieten zu verdeutlichen. Trotz der knappen Behandlung fließen neue Forschungsergebnisse immer wieder mit ein und machen zusammen mit zahlreichen, einfachen Computerprogrammen das Buch zu einem höchst anregenden Text für Studenten der Physik in Haupt- oder Nebenfach.

The Light Fantastic

A Modern Introduction to Classical and Quantum Optics
Author: I. R. Kenyon
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019856645X
Category: Science
Page: 630
View: 4326
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This thorough and self-contained introduction to modern optics covers, in full, the three components: ray optics, wave optics and quantum optics. Examples of modern applications in the current century are used extensively.

Introduction to Nanoscience


Author: Stuart Lindsay
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199544212
Category: Science
Page: 457
View: 5502
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Accompanying disc contains Powerpoint slides, animations and texts in various formats.

Introduction to Quantum Computation and Information


Author: Hoi-Kwong Lo,Tim Spiller,Sandu Popescu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810244101
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 348
View: 5664
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"The book fills a gap between the turgid prose of the burgeoning research literature and the superficial accounts in the popular press." Nature, 1999 "The concepts introduced in this book and the forecast of future directions provided should continue to provide a good primer for the exciting breakthrough anticipated in this field." Mathematics Abstracts, 2001 "Despite its age, this book remains an excellent way to learn the basics of quantum information." Quantum Information and Computation, 2002

Quantum Optics

An Introduction
Author: Anthony Mark Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198566727
Category: Science
Page: 378
View: 5744
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Written primarily for advanced undergraduate and masters level students in physics, this text includes a broad range of topics in applied quantum optics such as laser cooling, Bose-Einstein condensation and quantum information processing.

Quantum Optics : An Introduction

An Introduction
Author: Mark Fox
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780198566731
Category: Science
Page: 396
View: 8975
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Introducing Molecular Electronics


Author: Gianaurelio Cuniberti,Giorgos Fagas,Klaus Richter
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540315144
Category: Science
Page: 517
View: 9214
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Klaus von Klitzing Max-Planck-Institut fur ̈ Festk ̈ orperforschung, Heisenbergstraße 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany Already many Cassandras have prematurely announced the end of the silicon roadmap and yet, conventional semiconductor-based transistors have been continuously shrinking at a pace which has brought us to nowadays cheap and powerful microelectronics. However it is clear that the traditional scaling laws cannot be applied if unwanted tunnel phenomena or ballistic transport dominate the device properties. It is generally expected, that a combination of silicon CMOS devices with molecular structure will dominate the ?eld of nanoelectronics in 20 years. The visionary ideas of atomic- or molecular-scale electronics already date back thirty years but only recently advanced nanotechnology, including e.g. scanning tunneling methods and mechanically controllable break junctions, have enabled to make distinct progress in this direction. On the level of f- damentalresearch,stateofthearttechniquesallowtomanipulate,imageand probechargetransportthroughuni-molecularsystemsinanincreasinglyc- trolled way. Hence, molecular electronics is reaching a stage of trustable and reproducible experiments. This has lead to a variety of physical and chemical phenomena recently observed for charge currents owing through molecular junctions, posing new challenges to theory. As a result a still increasing n- ber of open questions determines the future agenda in this ?eld.

An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics


Author: Robert H. Swendsen
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191627461
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 9097
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This text presents the two complementary aspects of thermal physics as an integrated theory of the properties of matter. Conceptual understanding is promoted by thorough development of basic concepts. In contrast to many texts, statistical mechanics, including discussion of the required probability theory, is presented first. This provides a statistical foundation for the concept of entropy, which is central to thermal physics. A unique feature of the book is the development of entropy based on Boltzmann's 1877 definition; this avoids contradictions or ad hoc corrections found in other texts. Detailed fundamentals provide a natural grounding for advanced topics, such as black-body radiation and quantum gases. An extensive set of problems (solutions are available for lecturers through the OUP website), many including explicit computations, advance the core content by probing essential concepts. The text is designed for a two-semester undergraduate course but can be adapted for one-semester courses emphasizing either aspect of thermal physics. It is also suitable for graduate study.

Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems

From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons
Author: Xiao-Gang Wen
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198530943
Category: Science
Page: 505
View: 9034
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This book is a pedagogical and systematic introduction to new concepts and quantum field theoretical methods in condensed matter physics, which may have an impact on our understanding of the origin of light, electrons and other elementary particles in the universe. Emphasis is on clear physical principles, while at the same time bringing students to the fore of today's research.

Quantum Approach to Informatics


Author: Stig Stenholm,Kalle-Antti Suominen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471739359
Category: Computers
Page: 280
View: 5746
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An essential overview of quantum information Information, whether inscribed as a mark on a stone tablet orencoded as a magnetic domain on a hard drive, must be stored in aphysical object and thus made subject to the laws of physics.Traditionally, information processing such as computation occurredin a framework governed by laws of classical physics. However,information can also be stored and processed using the states ofmatter described by non-classical quantum theory. Understandingthis quantum information, a fundamentally different type ofinformation, has been a major project of physicists and informationtheorists in recent years, and recent experimental research hasstarted to yield promising results. Quantum Approach to Informatics fills the need for a conciseintroduction to this burgeoning new field, offering an intuitiveapproach for readers in both the physics and information sciencecommunities, as well as in related fields. Only a basic backgroundin quantum theory is required, and the text keeps the focus onbringing this theory to bear on contemporary informatics. Insteadof proofs and other highly formal structures, detailed examplespresent the material, making this a uniquely accessibleintroduction to quantum informatics. Topics covered include: * An introduction to quantum information and the qubit * Concepts and methods of quantum theory important forinformatics * The application of information concepts to quantum physics * Quantum information processing and computing * Quantum gates * Error correction using quantum-based methods * Physical realizations of quantum computing circuits A helpful and economical resource for understanding this excitingnew application of quantum theory to informatics, Quantum Approachto Informatics provides students and researchers in physics andinformation science, as well as other interested readers with somescientific background, with an essential overview of the field.

Compiler

Prinzipien, Techniken und Werkzeuge
Author: Alfred V. Aho
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827370976
Category: Compiler
Page: 1253
View: 741
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A Modern Introduction to Quantum Field Theory


Author: Michele Maggiore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198520735
Category: Science
Page: 291
View: 3546
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The importance and the beauty of modern quantum field theory resides in the power and variety of its methods and ideas, which find application in domains as different as particle physics, cosmology, condensed matter, statistical mechanics and critical phenomena. This book introduces the reader to the modern developments in a manner which assumes no previous knowledge of quantum field theory. Along with standard topics like Feynman diagrams, the book discusses effective lagrangians, renormalization group equations, the path integral formulation, spontaneous symmetry breaking and non-abelian gauge theories. The inclusion of more advanced topics will also make this a most useful book for graduate students and researchers.