Introduction to Quantum Information Science


Author: Vlatko Vedral
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199215707
Category: Computers
Page: 183
View: 2735
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In addition to treating quantum communication, entanglement and algorithms, this book also addresses a number of miscellaneous topics, such as Maxwell's demon, Landauer's erasure, the Bekenstein bound and Caratheodory's treatment of the Second law of thermodyanmics.

Introduction to Quantum Information Science


Author: Vlatko Vedral
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199673483
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 200
View: 4887
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Making smaller and faster computers is one of the main goals of current technological progress, and is determined by the laws of physics. Quantum mechanics allows us to encode and manipulate information in ways much more efficient than with exisiting (classical) computers. The book is an introduction to this exciting subject.

Introduction to Quantum Information Science


Author: Vlatko Vedral
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198571193
Category: Quantum communication
Page: 183
View: 7563
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This book offers a concise and up-to-date introduction to the popular field of quantum information. It has originated in a series of invited lecture courses at various universities in different countries. This is reflected in its informal style of exposition and presentation of key results inthe subject. In addition to treating quantum communication, entanglement and algorithms in great depth, this book also addresses a number of interesting miscellaneous topics, such as Maxwell's demon, Landauer's erasure, the Bekenstein bound and Caratheodory's treatment of the Second law ofthermodyanmics. All mathematical derivations are based on clear physical pictures which make even the most involved results - such as the Holevo bound - look comprehensible and transparent. The book is ideal as a first introduction to the subject, but may also appeal to the specialist due to itsunique presentation.

An Introduction to Quantum Computing


Author: Phillip Kaye,Raymond Laflamme,Michele Mosca
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198570007
Category: Computers
Page: 274
View: 7280
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The authors provide an introduction to quantum computing. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in these disciplines, this text is illustrated with diagrams and exercises.

An Introduction to Quantum Theory


Author: Keith Hannabuss
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780191588730
Category: Science
Page: 394
View: 6394
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This book provides an introduction to quantum theory primarily for students of mathematics. Although the approach is mainly traditional the discussion exploits ideas of linear algebra, and points out some of the mathematical subtleties of the theory. Amongst the less traditional topics are Bell's inequalities, coherent and squeezed states, and introductions to group representation theory. Later chapters discuss relativistic wave equations and elementary particle symmetries from a group theoretical standpoint rather than the customary Lie algebraic approach. This book is intended for the later years of an undergraduate course or for graduates. It assumes a knowledge of basic linear algebra and elementary group theory, though for convenience these are also summarized in an appendix.

Quantum Information


Author: Stephen Barnett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198527624
Category: Computers
Page: 300
View: 3142
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Quantum information is an area of science, which brings together physics, information theory, computer science & mathematics. This book, which is based on two successful lecture courses, is intended to introduce readers to the ideas behind new developments including quantum cryptography, teleportation & quantum computing.

Introduction to Optical Quantum Information Processing


Author: Pieter Kok,Brendon W. Lovett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486438
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 8943
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Quantum information processing offers fundamental improvements over classical information processing, such as computing power, secure communication, and high-precision measurements. However, the best way to create practical devices is not yet known. This textbook describes the techniques that are likely to be used in implementing optical quantum information processors. After developing the fundamental concepts in quantum optics and quantum information theory, the book shows how optical systems can be used to build quantum computers according to the most recent ideas. It discusses implementations based on single photons and linear optics, optically controlled atoms and solid-state systems, atomic ensembles, and optical continuous variables. This book is ideal for graduate students beginning research in optical quantum information processing. It presents the most important techniques of the field using worked examples and over 120 exercises.

Entanglement, Information, and the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics


Author: Gregg Jaeger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540921281
Category: Science
Page: 307
View: 3192
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Entanglement was initially thought by some to be an oddity restricted to the realm of thought experiments. However, Bell’s inequality delimiting local - havior and the experimental demonstration of its violation more than 25 years ago made it entirely clear that non-local properties of pure quantum states are more than an intellectual curiosity. Entanglement and non-locality are now understood to ?gure prominently in the microphysical world, a realm into which technology is rapidly hurtling. Information theory is also increasingly recognized by physicists and philosophers as intimately related to the foun- tions of mechanics. The clearest indicator of this relationship is that between quantum information and entanglement. To some degree, a deep relationship between information and mechanics in the quantum context was already there to be seen upon the introduction by Max Born and Wolfgang Pauli of the idea that the essence of pure quantum states lies in their provision of probabilities regarding the behavior of quantum systems, via what has come to be known as the Born rule. The signi?cance of the relationship between mechanics and information became even clearer with Leo Szilard’s analysis of James Clerk Maxwell’s infamous demon thought experiment. Here, in addition to examining both entanglement and quantum infor- tion and their relationship, I endeavor to critically assess the in?uence of the study of these subjects on the interpretation of quantum theory.

Exploring the Quantum

Atoms, Cavities, and Photons
Author: Serge Haroche,Jean-Michel Raimond
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198509146
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 605
View: 9602
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The quantum world obeys logic at odds with our common sense intuition. This weirdness is directly displayed in recent experiments juggling with isolated atoms and photons. They are reviewed in this book, combining theoretical insight and experimental description, and providing useful illustrations for learning and teaching of quantum mechanics.

Quantum Optics

An Introduction
Author: Anthony Mark Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198566727
Category: Science
Page: 378
View: 1365
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Written primarily for advanced undergraduate and masters level students in physics, this text includes a broad range of topics in applied quantum optics such as laser cooling, Bose-Einstein condensation and quantum information processing.

Many-Body Quantum Theory in Condensed Matter Physics

An Introduction
Author: Henrik Bruus,Karsten Flensberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198566336
Category: Science
Page: 435
View: 4166
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The book is an introduction to quantum field theory applied to condensed matter physics. The topics cover modern applications in electron systems and electronic properties of mesoscopic systems and nanosystems. The textbook is developed for a graduate or advanced undergraduate course with exercises which aim at giving students the ability to confront real problems.

Information, Physics, and Computation


Author: Marc Mézard,Andrea Montanari
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019857083X
Category: Computers
Page: 569
View: 4565
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A very active field of research is emerging at the frontier of statistical physics, theoretical computer science/discrete mathematics, and coding/information theory. This book sets up a common language and pool of concepts, accessible to students and researchers from each of these fields.

Quantum Information, Computation and Communication


Author: Jonathan A. Jones,Dieter Jaksch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139510622
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 9680
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Quantum physics allows entirely new forms of computation and cryptography, which could perform tasks currently impossible on classical devices, leading to an explosion of new algorithms, communications protocols and suggestions for physical implementations of all these ideas. As a result, quantum information has made the transition from an exotic research topic to part of mainstream undergraduate courses in physics. Based on years of teaching experience, this textbook builds from simple fundamental concepts to cover the essentials of the field. Aimed at physics undergraduate students with a basic background in quantum mechanics, it guides readers through theory and experiment, introducing all the central concepts without getting caught up in details. Worked examples and exercises make this useful as a self-study text for those who want a brief introduction before starting on more advanced books. Solutions are available online at www.cambridge.org/9781107014466.

Introduction to Quantum Information Science


Author: Masahito Hayashi,Satoshi Ishizaka,Akinori Kawachi,Gen Kimura,Tomohiro Ogawa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662435020
Category: Computers
Page: 332
View: 2598
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This book presents the basics of quantum information, e.g., foundation of quantum theory, quantum algorithms, quantum entanglement, quantum entropies, quantum coding, quantum error correction and quantum cryptography. The required knowledge is only elementary calculus and linear algebra. This way the book can be understood by undergraduate students. In order to study quantum information, one usually has to study the foundation of quantum theory. This book describes it from more an operational viewpoint which is suitable for quantum information while traditional textbooks of quantum theory lack this viewpoint. The current book bases on Shor's algorithm, Grover's algorithm, Deutsch-Jozsa's algorithm as basic algorithms. To treat several topics in quantum information, this book covers several kinds of information quantities in quantum systems including von Neumann entropy. The limits of several kinds of quantum information processing are given. As important quantum protocols, this book contains quantum teleportation, quantum dense coding, quantum data compression. In particular conversion theory of entanglement via local operation and classical communication are treated too. This theory provides the quantification of entanglement, which coincides with von Neumann entropy. The next part treats the quantum hypothesis testing. The decision problem of two candidates of the unknown state are given. The asymptotic performance of this problem is characterized by information quantities. Using this result, the optimal performance of classical information transmission via noisy quantum channel is derived. Quantum information transmission via noisy quantum channel by quantum error correction are discussed too. Based on this topic, the secure quantum communication is explained. In particular, the quantification of quantum security which has not been treated in existing book is explained. This book treats quantum cryptography from a more practical viewpoint.

Introduction to the Theory of Quantum Information Processing


Author: János A. Bergou,Mark Hillery
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461470927
Category: Computers
Page: 150
View: 1496
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Introduction to the Theory of Quantum Information Processing provides the material for a one-semester graduate level course on quantum information theory and quantum computing for students who have had a one-year graduate course in quantum mechanics. Many standard subjects are treated, such as density matrices, entanglement, quantum maps, quantum cryptography, and quantum codes. Also included are discussions of quantum machines and quantum walks. In addition, the book provides detailed treatments of several underlying fundamental principles of quantum theory, such as quantum measurements, the no-cloning and no-signaling theorems, and their consequences. Problems of various levels of difficulty supplement the text, with the most challenging problems bringing the reader to the forefront of active research. This book provides a compact introduction to the fascinating and rapidly evolving interdisciplinary field of quantum information theory, and it prepares the reader for doing active research in this area.

The Theory of Quantum Information


Author: John Watrous
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 1107180562
Category: Computers
Page: 598
View: 9079
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Formal development of the mathematical theory of quantum information with clear proofs and exercises. For graduate students and researchers.

Quantum Liquids

Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems
Author: Anthony James Leggett
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191037214
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 2951
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Starting from first principles, this book introduces the closely related phenomena of Bose condensation and Cooper pairing, in which a very large number of single particles or pairs of particles are forced to behave in exactly the same way, and explores their consequences in condensed matter systems. Eschewing advanced formal methods, the author uses simple concepts and arguments to account for the various qualitatively new phenomena which occur in Bose-condensed and Cooper-paired systems, including but not limited to the spectacular macroscopic phenomena of superconductivity and superfluidity. The physical systems discussed include liquid 4-He, the BEC alkali gases, "classical" superconductors, superfluid 3-He, "exotic" superconductors and the recently stabilized Fermi alkali gases. The book should be accessible to beginning graduate students in physics or advanced undergraduates.

Statistical Field Theory

An Introduction to Exactly Solved Models in Statistical Physics
Author: Giuseppe Mussardo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199547580
Category: Science
Page: 755
View: 6375
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A thorough and pedagogical introduction to phase transitions and exactly solved models in statistical physics and quantum field theory.

An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics


Author: Robert H. Swendsen
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191627461
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 418
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This text presents the two complementary aspects of thermal physics as an integrated theory of the properties of matter. Conceptual understanding is promoted by thorough development of basic concepts. In contrast to many texts, statistical mechanics, including discussion of the required probability theory, is presented first. This provides a statistical foundation for the concept of entropy, which is central to thermal physics. A unique feature of the book is the development of entropy based on Boltzmann's 1877 definition; this avoids contradictions or ad hoc corrections found in other texts. Detailed fundamentals provide a natural grounding for advanced topics, such as black-body radiation and quantum gases. An extensive set of problems (solutions are available for lecturers through the OUP website), many including explicit computations, advance the core content by probing essential concepts. The text is designed for a two-semester undergraduate course but can be adapted for one-semester courses emphasizing either aspect of thermal physics. It is also suitable for graduate study.

Classical and Quantum Computation


Author: Alexei Yu. Kitaev,Alexander Shen,Mikhail N. Vyalyi
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821832298
Category: Mathematics
Page: 257
View: 2339
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This book presents a concise introduction to an emerging and increasingly important topic, the theory of quantum computing. The development of quantum computing exploded in 1994 with the discovery of its use in factoring large numbers--an extremely difficult and time-consuming problem when using a conventional computer. In less than 300 pages, the authors set forth a solid foundation to the theory, including results that have not appeared elsewhere and improvements on existing works. The book starts with the basics of classical theory of computation, including NP-complete problems and the idea of complexity of an algorithm. Then the authors introduce general principles of quantum computing and pass to the study of main quantum computation algorithms: Grover's algorithm, Shor's factoring algorithm, and the Abelian hidden subgroup problem. In concluding sections, several related topics are discussed (parallel quantum computation, a quantum analog of NP-completeness, and quantum error-correcting codes). This is a suitable textbook for a graduate course in quantum computing. Prerequisites are very modest and include linear algebra, elements of group theory and probability, and the notion of an algorithm (on a formal or an intuitive level). The book is complete with problems, solutions, and an appendix summarizing the necessary results from number theory.