Intuitive Biostatistics

A Nonmathematical Guide to Statistical Thinking
Author: Harvey Motulsky
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199730067
Category: Medical
Page: 447
View: 4994
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Thoroughly revised and updated, the second edition of Intuitive Biostatistics retains and refines the core perspectives of the previous edition: a focus on how to interpret statistical results rather than on how to analyze data, minimal use of equations, and a detailed review of assumptions and common mistakes. Intuitive Biostatistics, Completely Revised Second Edition, provides a clear introduction to statistics for undergraduate and graduate students and also serves as a statistics refresher for working scientists. New to this edition: Chapter 1 shows how our intuitions lead us to misinterpret data, thus explaining the need for statistical rigor. Chapter 11 explains the lognormal distribution, an essential topic omitted from many other statistics books. Chapter 21 contrasts testing for equivalence with testing for differences. Chapters 22, 23, and 40 explore the pervasive problem of multiple comparisons. Chapters 24 and 25 review testing for normality and outliers. Chapter 35 shows how statistical hypothesis testing can be understood as comparing the fits of alternative models. Chapters 37 and 38 provide a brief introduction to multiple, logistic, and proportional hazards regression. Chapter 46 reviews one example in great depth, reviewing numerous statistical concepts and identifying common mistakes. Chapter 47 includes 49 multi-part problems, with answers fully discussed in Chapter 48. New "Q and A" sections throughout the book review key concepts"--Provided by publisher.

Intuitive Biostatistics

A Nonmathematical Guide to Statistical Thinking
Author: Harvey Motulsky
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199946647
Category: Medical
Page: 540
View: 875
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition of Intuitive Biostatistics: A Nonmathematical Guide to Statistical Thinking retains and refines the core perspectives of the previous editions: a focus on how to interpret statistical results rather than on how to analyze data, minimal use of equations, and a detailed review of assumptions and common mistakes. With its engaging and conversational tone, this unique book provides a clear introduction to statistics for undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of fields and also serves as a statistics refresher for working scientists. It is especially useful for those students in health-science related fields who have no background in biostatistics. NEW TO THIS EDITION * A new chapter on the complexities of probability * A new chapter on meta-analysis * A completely rewritten chapter on statistical traps to avoid * More sections on common mistakes in data analysis * More Q&A sections * New topics and examples * New learning tools (each chapter ends with a summary and a list of statistical terms)

Intuitive Biostatistics


Author: Harvey Motulsky
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195086072
Category: Medical
Page: 386
View: 7663
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Designed to provide a nonmathematical introduction to biostatistics for medical and health science students, graduate students in the biological sciences, physicians, and researchers, this text explains statistical principles in non-technical language and focuses on explaining the proper scientific interpretation of statistical tests rather than on the mathematical logic of the tests themselves. Intuitive Biostatistics covers all the topics typically found in an introductory statistics text, but with the emphasis on confidence intervals rather than P values, making it easier for students to understand both. Additionally, it introduces a broad range of topics left out of most other introductory texts but used frequently in biomedical publications, including survival curves. multiple comparisons, sensitivity and specificity of lab tests, Bayesian thinking, lod scores, and logistic, proportional hazards and nonlinear regression. By emphasizing interpretation rather than calculation, this text provides a clear and virtually painless introduction to statistical principles for those students who will need to use statistics constantly in their work. In addition, its practical approach enables readers to understand the statistical results published in biological and medical journals.

Essential Biostatistics

A Nonmathematical Approach
Author: Harvey Motulsky
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199365067
Category: Biometry
Page: 208
View: 5750
DOWNLOAD NOW »
With its engaging and conversational tone, Essential Biostatistics: A Nonmathematical Approach provides a clear introduction to statistics for students in a wide range of fields, and a concise statistics refresher for scientists and professionals who need to interpret statistical results. It explains the ideas behind statistics in nonmathematical terms, offers perspectives on how to interpret published statistical results, and points out common conceptual traps to avoid. It can be used as a stand-alone text or as a supplement to a traditional statistics textbook.

Fitting Models to Biological Data Using Linear and Nonlinear Regression

A Practical Guide to Curve Fitting
Author: Harvey Motulsky,Arthur Christopoulos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190291397
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 4696
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Most biologists use nonlinear regression more than any other statistical technique, but there are very few places to learn about curve-fitting. This book, by the author of the very successful Intuitive Biostatistics, addresses this relatively focused need of an extraordinarily broad range of scientists.

Medical Statistics

A Textbook for the Health Sciences
Author: Michael J. Campbell,David Machin,Stephen J. Walters
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470976630
Category: Medical
Page: 344
View: 1845
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Provides students and practitioners with a clear, concise introduction to the statistics they will come across in their regular reading of clinical papers. Written by three experts with wide teaching and consulting experience, Medical Statistics: A Textbook for the Health Sciences, Fourth Edition: Assumes no prior knowledge of statistics Covers all essential statistical methods Completely revised, updated and expanded Includes numerous examples and exercises on the interpretation of the statistics in papers published in medical journals From the reviews of the previous edition: "The book has several excellent features: it is written by statisticians, is.... well presented, is well referenced.... and is short." THE LANCET "Many statisticians are concerned at the generally poor standard of statistics in papers published in medical journals. Perhaps this could be remedied if more research workers would spare a few hours to read through Campbell and Machin's book." BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL "... a simple, interesting and insightful introduction to medical statistics... highly recommended." STATISTICAL METHODS IN MEDICAL RESEARCH "Campbell and Machin found the golden mean... this book can be recommended for all students and all medical researchers." ISCB NEWSLETTER

Improving Healthcare with Control Charts

Basic and Advanced SPC Methods and Case Studies
Author: Raymond G. Carey,Larry V. Stake
Publisher: ASQ Quality Press
ISBN: 0873895622
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 194
View: 3090
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Do you feel you are drowning in a sea of data and wondering how you can learn from all of this information? While measuring quality efforts in healthcare is essential to the overall performance of any healthcare organization, it is also very complex, leaving many feeling overwhelmed and with a lot of unanswered questions: What are SPC methods and can they really help to improve healthcare? How can control charts be used to monitor key processes and outcomes? How can physicians use control charts to improve their clinical practice? In his latest book, Dr. Raymond Carey answers these questions and more as he helps to explain the need for, and the use of, SPC in healthcare. In Improving Healthcare with Control Charts: Basic and Advanced SPC Methods and Case Studies, Carey expands on his previous best-selling book, Measuring Quality Improvement in Healthcare, by providing more in-depth information on problems commonly experienced in constructing and analyzing control charts. He outlines specific SPC concepts, theories, and methods that will help improve measurement and therefore improve overall performance. Carey also presents many new case studies applying advanced methods and theory to real life healthcare situations.

Understanding Uncertainty


Author: Dennis V. Lindley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118650123
Category: Mathematics
Page: 424
View: 7070
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Praise for the First Edition "...a reference for everyone who is interested in knowing and handling uncertainty." —Journal of Applied Statistics The critically acclaimed First Edition of Understanding Uncertainty provided a study of uncertainty addressed to scholars in all fields, showing that uncertainty could be measured by probability, and that probability obeyed three basic rules that enabled uncertainty to be handled sensibly in everyday life. These ideas were extended to embrace the scientific method and to show how decisions, containing an uncertain element, could be rationally made. Featuring new material, the Revised Edition remains the go-to guide for uncertainty and decision making, providing further applications at an accessible level including: A critical study of transitivity, a basic concept in probability A discussion of how the failure of the financial sector to use the proper approach to uncertainty may have contributed to the recent recession A consideration of betting, showing that a bookmaker's odds are not expressions of probability Applications of the book’s thesis to statistics A demonstration that some techniques currently popular in statistics, like significance tests, may be unsound, even seriously misleading, because they violate the rules of probability Understanding Uncertainty, Revised Edition is ideal for students studying probability or statistics and for anyone interested in one of the most fascinating and vibrant fields of study in contemporary science and mathematics.

Designing Clinical Research


Author: Stephen B. Hulley,Steven R. Cummings,Warren S. Browner,Deborah G. Grady,Thomas B. Newman
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1469840545
Category: Medical
Page: 378
View: 7462
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Designing Clinical Research sets the standard for providing a practical guide to planning, tabulating, formulating, and implementing clinical research, with an easy-to-read, uncomplicated presentation. This product incorporates current research methodology--including molecular and genetic clinical research--and offers an updated syllabus for conducting a clinical research workshop. Emphasis is on common sense as the main ingredient of good science. The book explains how to choose well-focused research questions and details the steps through all the elements of study design, data collection, quality assurance, and basic grant-writing.

Essential Epidemiology

An Introduction for Students and Health Professionals
Author: Penny Webb,Chris Bain,Andrew Page
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316684199
Category: Medical
Page: N.A
View: 323
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Taking a practical approach and supported by global examples from all areas of health, the new edition of this popular and highly commended textbook has been updated to reflect current epidemiological thinking and teaching. Based on feedback from teachers and students, material has been reordered to better suit courses and reflect the underlying logic and purpose of epidemiology. • Provides students with a rounded picture of the field by emphasizing the commonalities across different areas of epidemiology, including clinical epidemiology, and highlighting the key role of epidemiology in public health • Avoids complex mathematics by restricting this to optional material, thereby keeping the book accessible to students from non-quantitative backgrounds • Integrated and supplementary questions help students to reinforce concepts • A wealth of online material is available at www.cambridge.org/essential_epidemiology, including additional questions, advanced material for key concepts, recommendations for further reading, links to useful websites and slides for teaching, supporting both students and teachers.

Clinical Trials

A Methodologic Perspective
Author: Steven Piantadosi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118959213
Category: Mathematics
Page: 896
View: 7726
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Presents elements of clinical trial methods that are essential in planning, designing, conducting, analyzing, and interpreting clinical trials with the goal of improving the evidence derived from these important studies This Third Edition builds on the text’s reputation as a straightforward, detailed, and authoritative presentation of quantitative methods for clinical trials. Readers will encounter the principles of design for various types of clinical trials, and are then skillfully guided through the complete process of planning the experiment, assembling a study cohort, assessing data, and reporting results. Throughout the process, the author alerts readers to problems that may arise during the course of the trial and provides common sense solutions. All stages of therapeutic development are discussed in detail, and the methods are not restricted to a single clinical application area. The authors bases current revisions and updates on his own experience, classroom instruction, and feedback from teachers and medical and statistical professionals involved in clinical trials. The Third Edition greatly expands its coverage, ranging from statistical principles to new and provocative topics, including alternative medicine and ethics, middle development, comparative studies, and adaptive designs. At the same time, it offers more pragmatic advice for issues such as selecting outcomes, sample size, analysis, reporting, and handling allegations of misconduct. Readers familiar with the First and Second Editions will discover revamped exercise sets; an updated and extensive reference section; new material on endpoints and the developmental pipeline, among others; and revisions of numerous sections. In addition, this book: • Features accessible and broad coverage of statistical design methods—the crucial building blocks of clinical trials and medical research -- now complete with new chapters on overall development, middle development, comparative studies, and adaptive designs • Teaches readers to design clinical trials that produce valid qualitative results backed by rigorous statistical methods • Contains an introduction and summary in each chapter to reinforce key points • Includes discussion questions to stimulate critical thinking and help readers understand how they can apply their newfound knowledge • Provides extensive references to direct readers to the most recent literature, and there are numerous new or revised exercises throughout the book Clinical Trials: A Methodologic Perspective, Third Edition is a textbook accessible to advanced undergraduate students in the quantitative sciences, graduate students in public health and the life sciences, physicians training in clinical research methods, and biostatisticians and epidemiologists. Steven Piantadosi, MD, PhD, is the Phase One Foundation Distinguished Chair and Director of the Samuel Oschin Cancer Institute, and Professor of Medicine at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California. Dr. Piantadosi is one of the world’s leading experts in the design and analysis of clinical trials for cancer research. He has taught clinical trials methods extensively in formal courses and short venues. He has advised numerous academic programs and collaborations nationally regarding clinical trial design and conduct, and has served on external advisory boards for the National Institutes of Health and other prominent cancer programs and centers. The author of more than 260 peer-reviewed scientific articles, Dr. Piantadosi has published extensively on research results, clinical applications, and trial methodology. While his papers have contributed to many areas of oncology, he has also collaborated on diverse studies outside oncology including lung disease and degenerative neurological disease.

What is a P-value Anyway?

34 Stories to Help You Actually Understand Statistics
Author: Andrew Vickers
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 212
View: 2163
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What is a p-value Anyway? offers a fun introduction to the fundamental principles of statistics, presenting the essential concepts in thirty-four brief, enjoyable stories. Drawing on his experience as a medical researcher, Vickers blends insightful explanations and humor, with minimal math, to help readers understand and interpret the statistics they read every day. Describing data; Data distributions; Variation of study results: confidence intervals; Hypothesis testing; Regression and decision making; Some common statistical errors, and what they teach us For all readers interested in statistics.

Practical Statistics for Medical Research


Author: Douglas G. Altman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780412276309
Category: Mathematics
Page: 624
View: 6212
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Most medical researchers, whether clinical or non-clinical, receive some background in statistics as undergraduates. However, it is most often brief, a long time ago, and largely forgotten by the time it is needed. Furthermore, many introductory texts fall short of adequately explaining the underlying concepts of statistics, and often are divorced from the reality of conducting and assessing medical research. Practical Statistics for Medical Research is a problem-based text for medical researchers, medical students, and others in the medical arena who need to use statistics but have no specialized mathematics background. The author draws on twenty years of experience as a consulting medical statistician to provide clear explanations to key statistical concepts, with a firm emphasis on practical aspects of designing and analyzing medical research. The text gives special attention to the presentation and interpretation of results and the many real problems that arise in medical research.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R
Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461471389
Category: Mathematics
Page: 426
View: 919
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

Introductory Applied Biostatistics


Author: Ralph B. D'Agostino,Lisa Marie Sullivan,Alexa S. Beiser
Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534423995
Category: Mathematics
Page: 652
View: 1574
DOWNLOAD NOW »
INTRODUCTORY APPLIED BIOSTATISTICS (WITH CD-ROM) explores statistical applications in the medical and public health fields. Examples drawn directly from the authors' clinical experiences with applied biostatistics make this text both practical and applicable. You'll master application techniques by hand before moving on to computer applications, with SAS programming code and output for each technique covered in every chapter. For each topic, the book addresses methodology, including assumptions, statistical formulas, and appropriate interpretation of results. This book is a must-have for every student preparing for a statistical career in a healthcare field!

Ecology


Author: William Bowman,Sally Hacker,Michael L. Cain
Publisher: Sinauer
ISBN: 9781605356181
Category: Science
Page: 598
View: 8799
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The new Fourth Edition of Ecology maintains its focus on providing an easy-to-read and well-organized text for instructors and students to explore the basics of ecology. This edition also continues with an increasing emphasis on enhancing student quantitative and problem solving skills. The authors also revised and strengthened key pedagogical features of Ecology, examples of which are called out from the sample pages shown. A new Hone Your Problem Solving Skills series has been added to the set of review questions at the end of each chapter. The questions expose students to hypothetical situations or existing data sets, and allow them to work through data analysis and interpretation to better understand ecological concepts. Additional Analyzing Data exercises have also been added to the existing collection on the Companion Website. These exercises enable students to enhance their essential skills sets, such as performing calculations, making graphs, designing experiments, and interpreting results.

Molecular and Biochemical Toxicology


Author: Robert C. Smart,Ernest Hodgson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119042410
Category: Science
Page: 1040
View: 6587
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Written as an advanced text for toxicology students, this book is much more than an introduction and provides in-depth information describing the underlying mechanisms through which toxicants produce their adverse responses. • Links traditional toxicology to modern molecular techniques, important for teaching to graduate courses and professional studies • Uses a didactic approach with basic biological or theoretical background for the methodology presented • Brings together and comprehensively covers a range of dynamic aspects in biochemical and molecular toxicology • Guides student and professional toxicologists in comprehending a broad range of issues, compiled and authored by a diverse group of experts • “A good introductory textbook covering the biochemical toxicology of organic substances and the relevant methodology in some detail.... It offers good value for money and can be recommended as a textbook for appropriate courses” – BTS Newsletter review of the 4th edition

The R Book


Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1080
View: 6095
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Human Biochemistry and Disease


Author: Gerald Litwack
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080924359
Category: Science
Page: 1272
View: 1105
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This textbook is specifically designed for upper-division undergraduate or graduate students in life science or pre-medical majors including dentistry or pharmacology, who are required to take a biochemistry or medical biochemistry course, but who are not necessarily biochemistry majors. The book adopts a unique approach to the topic compared with other biochemistry textbooks currently available, in that each biochemical subject is introduced by a human disease relating the biochemical principles to be developed in that chapter. The goal is to make biochemistry more meaningful to the student who is not normally shown the connection between biochemistry and medicine. * Includes an abundance of figures * Emphasizes human biochemistry * Introduces each chapter with a relevant disease or clinical relationship

Biostatistics For Dummies


Author: John Pezzullo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118553993
Category: Medical
Page: 408
View: 5435
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Score your highest in biostatistics Biostatistics is a required course for students of medicine, epidemiology, forestry, agriculture, bioinformatics, and public health. In years past this course has been mainly a graduate-level requirement; however its application is growing and course offerings at the undergraduate level are exploding. Biostatistics For Dummies is an excellent resource for those taking a course, as well as for those in need of a handy reference to this complex material. Biostatisticians—analysts of biological data—are charged with finding answers to some of the world's most pressing health questions: how safe or effective are drugs hitting the market today? What causes autism? What are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease? Are those risk factors different for men and women or different ethnic groups? Biostatistics For Dummies examines these and other questions associated with the study of biostatistics. Provides plain-English explanations of techniques and clinical examples to help Serves as an excellent course supplement for those struggling with the complexities of the biostatistics Tracks to a typical, introductory biostatistics course Biostatistics For Dummies is an excellent resource for anyone looking to succeed in this difficult course.