Iran and the Challenge of Diversity

Islamic Fundamentalism, Aryanist Racism, and Democratic Struggles
Author: A. Asgharzadeh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230604889
Category: Social Science
Page: 249
View: 6619
This interrogates the racist construction of Aria and Aryanism in an Iranian context, arguing that these concepts gave the Indo-European speaking Persian ethnic group an advantage over Iran's non-Persian nationalities and communities.

Among the Iranians

A Guide to Iran's Culture and Customs
Author: Sofia Koutlaki
Publisher: Nicholas Brealey
ISBN: 0984247130
Category: Travel
Page: 256
View: 8557
An indispensable and practical guide to the life and culture of Iran as it is lived by ordinary citizens.

A Checkerboard of Nights and Days

A Memoir of My Cultural Journey
Author: Irandukht Fahmy
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781983786808
Page: 210
View: 1063
A Checkerboard of Nights and Days is the story of Iran Fahmy's extraordinary cultural journey. A native of Iran, she arrived in the U.S. in 1957 at age 24 to attend graduate school on a Royal Scholarship. Unable to speak or understand English very well, she faced many challenges in adapting to an unfamiliar culture, enduring loneliness and isolation. Yet she went on to earn two graduate degrees, marry an Egyptian scholar she met at Columbia University, raise three children as first-generation Americans, and, through her work, touch the lives of children and families who were challenged by special needs. Iran's childhood was a magical one in many ways, as she grew up in a secular region of Iran that was a vibrant mix of ethnic groups, religions, and cultures, a place where food, poetry, music, and an appreciation of nature's beauty were intertwined pleasures of daily life. Yet that childhood was also marked by darkness and tragedy: the early deaths of her older brother and father, the harshness of life under Soviet occupation after World War II, and the misogyny and intolerance of the country's fundamentalist Muslim population. Yearning to escape the patriarchy and religious conservatism of her native land, Iran found a home in the U.S., where she was free to forge a new identity. This wasn't always an easy journey, as she and her family sometimes encountered prejudice and intolerance as they tried to balance their three cultures: American, Persian, and Egyptian. Yet the Fahmy family gradually assimilated into American life and is today a model of multiculturalism; every Thanksgiving they offer Muslim, Baha'i, Jewish, and Christian prayers that honor their diverse backgrounds. Now 85 and living in Pennsylvania with her husband Mahmoud, Iran enjoys swimming, walking, gardening, and writing. She and her family have travelled extensively throughout the U.S. and to dozens of nations, which has only confirmed their view that this country is the freest in the world. Her children, grandchildren, family, and friends are proud that she has completed this memoir, a tribute to her persistence, determination, and resilience in transcending the many challenges of her life.

Iran After the Revolution

Crisis of an Islamic State
Author: Saeed Rahnema,Sohrab Behdad
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860641282
Category: History
Page: 292
View: 2829
In this work writers on Iran explore the ideological and political divisions within the Islamic movement and explain the post-revolutionary period in terms of economic policy, education, attitudes to women, and national and religious policies.

Doing Democracy

Striving for Political Literacy and Social Justice
Author: Darren E. Lund,Paul R. Carr
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9780820497457
Category: Education
Page: 397
View: 9737
In this provocative collection of essays with a distinctly critical and nuanced approach to how democracy is taught, learned, understood, and lived, authors from four continents share their visions on how democracy needs to be cultivated, critiqued, demonstrated, and manifested throughout the educational experience. The collective concern is how we actually do democracy in education. The essays argue that democracy must be infused in everything that happens at school: curriculum, extra-curricular activities, interaction with parents and communities, and through formal organization and structures. One of the book s central questions is: Are educators merely teaching students skills and knowledge to prepare them for the world of work, or is education more about encouraging students to thrive within a pluralistic society? This book reveals that democracy is an ethos, an ideology, a set of values, a philosophy, and a complex and dynamic terrain that is a contested forum for debate. From seasoned veterans to emerging scholars, these writers challenge the idea that there is only one type of democracy, or that democracy is defined by elections. Using a range of theoretical, conceptual, and methodological approaches, each essay makes a compelling case for how education can advance a more critical engagement in democracy that promotes social justice and political literacy for all. Diverse examples illustrate the theme of doing democracy. With its numerous models for teaching and learning to encourage critical thinking and engagement, this book is certain to be an invaluable resource to educators, researchers, students, and anyone with a passion for democratic ideals."

Minorities in Iran

Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini
Author: R. Elling
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137047801
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 1860
Based on the premise that nationalism is a dominant factor in Iranian identity politics despite the significant changes brought about by the Islamic Revolution, this cross-disciplinary work investigates the languages of nationalism in contemporary Iran through the prism of the minority issue.

African Education and Globalization

Critical Perspectives
Author: Ali A. Abdi,Korbla P. Puplampu,George Jerry Sefa Dei
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739110416
Category: Education
Page: 214
View: 6327
Containing both theoretical discussions of globalization and specific case analyses of individual African countries, this collection of essays examines the intersections of African education and globalization with multiple analytical and geographical emphases and intentions. The 11 essays critically analyze the issues from historical, cultural, and socio-economic perspectives. Of interest to both educators and scholars who are interested in a more in-depth understanding of the current reign globalization, African Education and Globalization is an important and timely read.

The Soils of Iran

Author: Mohammad Hassan Roozitalab,Hamid Siadat,Abbas Farshad
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319690485
Category: Nature
Page: 255
View: 7396
This unique book addresses Iran’s extremely rich soil diversity and resources, which have developed under various climatic conditions ranging from dry to humid conditions. Featuring contributions by a group of respected experts on Iranian soils and agriculture, it provides comprehensive information on the management approaches needed for sustainable soil utilization and conservation under such conditions, and the attendant challenges. As such, it offers a valuable resource for anyone interested in soils and agriculture in Iran, but also in other Middle East and North African countries with similar climatic conditions. The book contains 14 chapters which illustrate the long history of indigenous knowledge and soil research, climate, geology and geomorphology, vegetation cover, soil forming factors and processes, major soils, properties and their classification. Furthermore, it presents past climate change and paleosols, agroecological zones, soil fertility, soil biology and biotechnology, human induced land degradation and “soil management in space and time”. In the end, major challenges facing the soil resources of the country are defined and recommendations are made to face the future challenges.

Contesting Kurdish Identities in Sweden

Quest for Belonging among Middle Eastern Youth
Author: B. Eliassi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137282088
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 3563
Contesting Kurdish Identities in Sweden sheds light on the day-to-day strategies of accommodation and resistance that Kurdish youth use in the face exclusive narratives and structures of belonging and citizenship regimes in the Middle-East and Sweden.

The Challenge of Fundamentalism

Political Islam and the New World Disorder
Author: Bassam Tibi
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520929753
Category: Religion
Page: 293
View: 5589
Long before the tragic events of September 11, 2001, Islamic fundamentalism was exerting a significant influence in nearly every corner of the world. Bassam Tibi, a widely recognized expert on Islam and Arab culture, offers an important and disquieting analysis of this particular synthesis of religion and politics. A Muslim and descendant of a famous Damascene Islamic scholar family, Tibi sees Islamic fundamentalism as the result of Islam's confrontation with modernity and not only--as it is widely believed--economic adversity. The movement is unprecedented in Islamic history and parallels the inability of Islamic nation-states to integrate into the new world secular order. For this updated edition, Tibi has written a new preface and lengthy introduction addressing Islamic fundamentalism in light of and since September 11.

Imagining Iran

The Tragedy of Subaltern Nationalism
Author: Majid Sharifi
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739179454
Category: Political Science
Page: 396
View: 2478
The thematic focus of this book is the tragic yet inevitable effects of subaltern nationalism. The book covers the systemic challenges that all modern Iranian regimes have faced in establishing a sovereign, developed, democratic, and constitutional nation-state.

Culture and Customs of Iran

Author: Elton L. Daniel,ʻAlī Akbar Mahdī
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313320538
Category: History
Page: 231
View: 9598
Every library will want to offer its patrons this current, objective synthesis of the culture and customs of modern Iran.

The Sasanian Era

Author: Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis,Sarah Stewart
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857711997
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 8633
This latest volume in The Idea of Iran series concentrates on the Sasanian period. Seizing power from the previous dynasty - the Parthians - the Sasanians ruled Iran and most of the ancient Near East from 224 until 642 CE. They are particularly fascinating because of their adherence to Zoroastrianism, an ancient dualistic Iranian religion named after the prophet Zarathustra (or, in Greek, Zoroaster). The Sasanians expressed the divine aspect of their rule in a variety of forms, such as on coins, rock reliefs and silver plates, and architecture and the arts flourished under their aegis. Sasanian military success brought them into conflict with Rome, and later Byzantium. Their empire eventually collapsed under the force of the Arab army in AD 642, when Zoroastrianism was replaced with Islam. Engaging with all the major aspects of Sasanian culture, twelve eminent scholars address subjects which include: early Sasanian art and iconography; early Sasanian coinage; religion and identity in the Sasanian empire; later Sasanian orality and literacy; and state and society in late antique Iran. The volume in question arguably comprises the most complete and comprehensive treatment of the Sasanian civilization yet to be published in English.

Ethnic Identity and the State in Iran

Author: A. Saleh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137310871
Category: Social Science
Page: 233
View: 6950
While the Islamic Republic has employed various strategies to mitigate the worst excesses of inter-ethnic tension while still securing a Shi'a dominated "Persian hegemony," the systematic neglect of ethnic groups by both the Islamic Republic and its predecessor regime has resulted in the politicization of ethnic identity in Iran.

The Challenge of Diversity

Author: Walter Johnson
Publisher: Black Rose Books Limited
ISBN: 9781551642727
Category: Education
Page: 255
View: 6501
From the tribal village to the global village--understanding ourselves and Others.

Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism

Spheres of Belonging
Author: Lucian Stone
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472567447
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 4135
Since cosmopolitanism has often been conceived as a tenet of 'Western civilization' that emanates from its Enlightenment-based origins in a humanist age of modernity, Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism: Spheres of Belonging advances a highly innovative gesture by contemplating the implications and relevance of the idea in a so-called non-Western cultural territory. The particularities of the Iranian and Islamic context shed new light on advancements and obstacles to cosmopolitan praxis. The volume provides four principle disciplinary assessments of cosmopolitanism: philosophy, political science, sociology, and cultural studies,including literary criticism. The authors in this collection critically examine topics including the historical encounter between Iranian and Western thinkers and its impact on Iranian political ideals; the tension between maintaining apolitical-theology rooted in metaphysical assumptions and the prerequisite of secularism in cosmopolitan and democratic philosophies. This highly innovative volume will be of interest to scholars and students of Middle Eastern and Iranian Studies, Islamic Studies, Globalization, Political Science and Philosophy.

Women and the Political Process in Twentieth-Century Iran

Author: Parvin Paidar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521595728
Category: History
Page: 401
View: 8906
In a comprehensive and original analysis, Parvin Paidar considers the role of women in the political process of twentieth-century Iran and demonstrates how political reorganization has redefined their position. Challenging the view expressed by conventional scholarship that emphasizes the marginalization of Muslim women, the author asserts that gender issues are right at the heart of the political process in Iran. The implications of the study bear on the position of women throughout the Middle East and in the developing countries generally.

The Cultural Context of Sexual Pleasure and Problems

Psychotherapy with Diverse Clients
Author: Kathryn Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 041599845X
Category: Psychology
Page: 402
View: 7386
Using case material presented by distinguished authorities in the fields of psychotherapy, sex therapy, couples therapy and family therapy, this edited book addresses issues in sexuality that are often raised in psychotherapy (individual, marital and family therapy) across diverse cultures.

Rule of Law, Islam, and Constitutional Politics in Egypt and Iran, The

Author: Said Amir Arjomand,Nathan J. Brown
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438445989
Category: Law
Page: 338
View: 9642
A comparative analysis of the ways in which Islam has become entangled with the process of democratization in both Egypt & Iran, authoritarian regimes that have faced increasing demands for reform.