Iran and the Challenge of Diversity

Islamic Fundamentalism, Aryanist Racism, and Democratic Struggles
Author: Alireza Asgharzadeh
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781403980809
Category: Political Science
Page: 249
View: 4287
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This book interrogates the racist construction of Arya/Aria and Aryanism in an Iranian context, arguing that a racialized interpretation of these concepts has given the Indo-European speaking Persian ethnic group an advantage over Iran's non-Persian nationalities and communities. Based on multidisciplinary research drawing on history, sociology, literature, politics, anthropology and cultural studies, Alireza Asgharzadeh critiques the privileged place of Farsi and the Persian ethnic group in contemporary Iran. The book highlights difference and diversity as major socio-political issues that will determine the future course of social, cultural, and political developments in Iran. Pointing to the increasing inadequacy of Islamic fundamentalism in functioning as a grand narrative, Asgharzadeh explores the racist approach of the current Islamic government to issues of difference and diversity in the country, and shows how these issues are challenging the very existence of the Islamic regime in Iran.

Iran and the Challenge of Diversity

Islamic Fundamentalism, Aryanist Racism, and Democratic Struggles
Author: Ailreza Asgharzadeh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230604889
Category: Social Science
Page: 249
View: 3873
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This interrogates the racist construction of Aria and Aryanism in an Iranian context, arguing that these concepts gave the Indo-European speaking Persian ethnic group an advantage over Iran's non-Persian nationalities and communities.

Doing Democracy

Striving for Political Literacy and Social Justice
Author: Darren E. Lund,Paul R. Carr
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9780820497457
Category: Education
Page: 397
View: 1557
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In this provocative collection of essays with a distinctly critical and nuanced approach to how democracy is taught, learned, understood, and lived, authors from four continents share their visions on how democracy needs to be cultivated, critiqued, demonstrated, and manifested throughout the educational experience. The collective concern is how we actually do democracy in education. The essays argue that democracy must be infused in everything that happens at school: curriculum, extra-curricular activities, interaction with parents and communities, and through formal organization and structures. One of the book s central questions is: Are educators merely teaching students skills and knowledge to prepare them for the world of work, or is education more about encouraging students to thrive within a pluralistic society? This book reveals that democracy is an ethos, an ideology, a set of values, a philosophy, and a complex and dynamic terrain that is a contested forum for debate. From seasoned veterans to emerging scholars, these writers challenge the idea that there is only one type of democracy, or that democracy is defined by elections. Using a range of theoretical, conceptual, and methodological approaches, each essay makes a compelling case for how education can advance a more critical engagement in democracy that promotes social justice and political literacy for all. Diverse examples illustrate the theme of doing democracy. With its numerous models for teaching and learning to encourage critical thinking and engagement, this book is certain to be an invaluable resource to educators, researchers, students, and anyone with a passion for democratic ideals."

Iran

From Theocracy to the Green Movement
Author: N. Nabavi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137112166
Category: Social Science
Page: 186
View: 6049
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Negin Nabavi brings together essays written by experts and scholars that shed light on the many transformations that Iran has experienced in the thirty years under the Islamic Republic and speculate on the import of the developments of 2009 and beyond.

Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism

Spheres of Belonging
Author: Lucian Stone
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472567447
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 6847
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Since cosmopolitanism has often been conceived as a tenet of 'Western civilization' that emanates from its Enlightenment-based origins in a humanist age of modernity, Iranian Identity and Cosmopolitanism: Spheres of Belonging advances a highly innovative gesture by contemplating the implications and relevance of the idea in a so-called non-Western cultural territory. The particularities of the Iranian and Islamic context shed new light on advancements and obstacles to cosmopolitan praxis. The volume provides four principle disciplinary assessments of cosmopolitanism: philosophy, political science, sociology, and cultural studies,including literary criticism. The authors in this collection critically examine topics including the historical encounter between Iranian and Western thinkers and its impact on Iranian political ideals; the tension between maintaining apolitical-theology rooted in metaphysical assumptions and the prerequisite of secularism in cosmopolitan and democratic philosophies. This highly innovative volume will be of interest to scholars and students of Middle Eastern and Iranian Studies, Islamic Studies, Globalization, Political Science and Philosophy.

Iran After the Revolution

Crisis of an Islamic State
Author: Saeed Rahnema,Sohrab Behdad
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860641282
Category: History
Page: 292
View: 8402
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In this work writers on Iran explore the ideological and political divisions within the Islamic movement and explain the post-revolutionary period in terms of economic policy, education, attitudes to women, and national and religious policies.

Minorities in Iran

Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini
Author: R. Elling
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137047801
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 4009
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Based on the premise that nationalism is a dominant factor in Iranian identity politics despite the significant changes brought about by the Islamic Revolution, this cross-disciplinary work investigates the languages of nationalism in contemporary Iran through the prism of the minority issue.

African Education and Globalization

Critical Perspectives
Author: Ali A. Abdi,Korbla P. Puplampu,George Jerry Sefa Dei
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739110416
Category: Education
Page: 214
View: 6442
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Containing both theoretical discussions of globalization and specific case analyses of individual African countries, this collection of essays examines the intersections of African education and globalization with multiple analytical and geographical emphases and intentions. The 11 essays critically analyze the issues from historical, cultural, and socio-economic perspectives. Of interest to both educators and scholars who are interested in a more in-depth understanding of the current reign globalization, African Education and Globalization is an important and timely read.

Contesting Kurdish Identities in Sweden

Quest for Belonging among Middle Eastern Youth
Author: B. Eliassi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137282088
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 2802
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Contesting Kurdish Identities in Sweden sheds light on the day-to-day strategies of accommodation and resistance that Kurdish youth use in the face exclusive narratives and structures of belonging and citizenship regimes in the Middle-East and Sweden.

The Challenge of Fundamentalism

Political Islam and the New World Disorder
Author: Bassam Tibi
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520929753
Category: Religion
Page: 293
View: 7225
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Long before the tragic events of September 11, 2001, Islamic fundamentalism was exerting a significant influence in nearly every corner of the world. Bassam Tibi, a widely recognized expert on Islam and Arab culture, offers an important and disquieting analysis of this particular synthesis of religion and politics. A Muslim and descendant of a famous Damascene Islamic scholar family, Tibi sees Islamic fundamentalism as the result of Islam's confrontation with modernity and not only--as it is widely believed--economic adversity. The movement is unprecedented in Islamic history and parallels the inability of Islamic nation-states to integrate into the new world secular order. For this updated edition, Tibi has written a new preface and lengthy introduction addressing Islamic fundamentalism in light of and since September 11.

Ethnic Identity and the State in Iran


Author: A. Saleh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137310871
Category: Social Science
Page: 233
View: 9984
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While the Islamic Republic has employed various strategies to mitigate the worst excesses of inter-ethnic tension while still securing a Shi'a dominated "Persian hegemony," the systematic neglect of ethnic groups by both the Islamic Republic and its predecessor regime has resulted in the politicization of ethnic identity in Iran.

Women's Rituals and Ceremonies in Shiite Iran and Muslim Communities

Methodological and Theoretical Challenges
Author: Pedram Khosronejad
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643906056
Category: Muslim women
Page: 140
View: 739
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In this volume the authors present and discuss different aspects of their field researches and experiences in regard to the women's rituals and devotional practices. One of the main aims of this book is to broaden our understanding of women's devotional life, as well as calling attention to its relation to general social change. Most of the contributions are based on field researches, direct observations and rituals participations. This gives the reader a unique opportunity for better understanding of methodological challenges related to gender issues and field research among Muslim communities. --

The Challenge of Diversity


Author: Walter Johnson
Publisher: Black Rose Books Limited
ISBN: 9781551642727
Category: Education
Page: 255
View: 611
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From the tribal village to the global village--understanding ourselves and Others.

Women and the Political Process in Twentieth-Century Iran


Author: Parvin Paidar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521595728
Category: History
Page: 401
View: 7502
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In a comprehensive and original analysis, Parvin Paidar considers the role of women in the political process of twentieth-century Iran and demonstrates how political reorganization has redefined their position. Challenging the view expressed by conventional scholarship that emphasizes the marginalization of Muslim women, the author asserts that gender issues are right at the heart of the political process in Iran. The implications of the study bear on the position of women throughout the Middle East and in the developing countries generally.

Rule of Law, Islam, and Constitutional Politics in Egypt and Iran, The


Author: Said Amir Arjomand,Nathan J. Brown
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438445989
Category: Law
Page: 338
View: 5985
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A comparative analysis of the ways in which Islam has become entangled with the process of democratization in both Egypt & Iran, authoritarian regimes that have faced increasing demands for reform.

Social Capital and Diversity

Some Lessons from Canada
Author: Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039117109
Category: Social Science
Page: 245
View: 7050
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"Dealing with the consequences of a rising ethnic and cultural diversity will most likely be among the major challenges of the 21st century, particularly in immigrant-receiving countries in Europe, North America, as well as Australia. The sharp increase in ethnic diversity has questioned the relevance of many structures, policies, and practices that were based on the premise of ethnic/cultural homogeneity of populations in such countries. Based on several years of extensive research on this topic in Canada, this book offers an image, in which ethnic diversity is associated positively with social goods. In particular, the study reported here shows that Canada does not seem to have suffered from the rising diversity. The findings also suggest that the key element that can translate diversity into positive outcomes is an increased social interaction - and not merely an inter-cultural understanding - among people of diverse backgrounds."--GoogleBooks.

The Origins of Alliance


Author: Stephen M. Walt
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801469988
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 8204
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How are alliances made? In this book, Stephen M. Walt makes a significant contribution to this topic, surveying theories of the origins of international alliances and identifying the most important causes of security cooperation between states. In addition, he proposes a fundamental change in the present conceptions of alliance systems. Contrary to traditional balance-of-power theories, Walt shows that states form alliances not simply to balance power but in order to balance threats. Walt begins by outlining five general hypotheses about the causes of alliances. Drawing upon diplomatic history and a detailed study of alliance formation in the Middle East between 1955 and 1979, he demonstrates that states are more likely to join together against threats than they are to ally themselves with threatening powers. Walt also examines the impact of ideology on alliance preferences and the role of foreign aid and transnational penetration. His analysis show, however, that these motives for alignment are relatively less important. In his conclusion, he examines the implications of "balance of threat" for U.S. foreign policy.

The Economy of Iran

The Dilemma of an Islamic State
Author: Hassan Hakimian,Massoud Karshenas
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860644641
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 303
View: 5313
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The Islamic revolution of 1979 heralded an expanded economic role for the Iranian state in safeguarding the revolution’s redistributive aims. However, the Iranian economy in the 1980s and 1990s deteriorated markedly, and the state’s enlarged role in the economy has been accompanied by acute macroeconomic instability and a sharp decline in the standard of living. This book of original essays identifies the principal issues, social, economic, and political, that have shaped and determined Iran’s economic performance since the revolution.

The Islamic Threat

Myth or Reality?
Author: John L. Esposito
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019982665X
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 7907
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Are Islam and the West on a collision course? From the Ayatollah Khomeini to Saddam Hussein, the image of Islam as a militant, expansionist, and rabidly anti-American religion has gripped the minds of Western governments and media. But these perceptions, John L. Esposito writes, stem from a long history of mutual distrust, criticism, and condemnation, and are far too simplistic to help us understand one of the most important political issues of our time. In this new edition of The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?, Esposito places the challenge of Islam in critical perspective. Exploring the vitality of this religion as a global force and the history of its relations with the West, Esposito demonstrates the diversity of the Islamic resurgence--and the mistakes our analysts make in assuming a hostile, monolithic Islam. This third edition has been expanded to include new material on current affairs in Turkey, Afghanistan, Palestine, and Southeast Asia, as well as a discussion of international terrorism.