Iran Between Two Revolutions


Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691101347
Category: History
Page: 561
View: 3799
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In this examination of the social bases of Iranian politics, Professor Abrahamian draws on archives of the British Foreign Office and India Office that have only recently been opened; newspaper, memoirs and biographies published in Tehran between 1906 and 1980; proceedings of the Iranian Majles and Senate; interviews with retired and active politicians and pamphlets, books and periodicals distributed by exiled groups in Europe and North America in the period between 1953 and 1980.

Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran

From the Qajars to Khomeini
Author: Joanna De Groot
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860645716
Category: History
Page: 305
View: 868
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A new and original interpretation of the social history of religion in Iran from the 1870s to the 1970s. Drawing together religion and other social and cultural issues, it places the revolutionary upheavals of 1977-82 in the context of historical developments over the preceding century. De Groot argues that Iran's revolution was not the inevitable outcome of the nature of the Iranian state or of religion in Iran but was much more complex and resulted from a wider range of factors than is traditionally believed. She focuses on the human responses of Iranians to their experiences and on the rich variety and complexity of the relationship between religion and other aspects of society, thought and culture in their daily life. Stimulating and engaging, Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran makes an important contribution to the study of Iranian society.

Islam and the Post-Revolutionary State in Iran


Author: Homa Omid
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349232467
Category: Political Science
Page: 263
View: 5432
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'...her short analysis of the Iranian armed forces in the 1980s is first-rate, so too is her much more substantial section on women and the state in Iran...As well as offering useful insights into the workings of the Islamic state in Iran, this readable book also provides a warning of the struggles ahead in many other Muslim societies.' - Anoushiravan Ehteshami, Times Higher Education Supplement ;Islam has been the driving force shaping the ideology and the power base of the Iranian revolution. This volume engages critically with the Islamic perspective and promises offered by the revolution. Looking at the rise of the religious institution as a revolutionary force, the author observes their post-revolutionary policies in the domains of politics, economics, education, the armed forces and women's status. In the event, the volume demonstrates that the Iranian government has failed to deliver on most, if not all, of its Islamic pledges.

Identität

Wie der Verlust der Würde unsere Demokratie gefährdet
Author: Francis Fukuyama
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455005292
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 4490
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In den letzten zehn Jahren ist die Anzahl der demokratischen Staaten weltweit erschreckend schnell zurückgegangen. Erleben wir gerade das Ende der liberalen Demokratie? Der US-amerikanische Politikwissenschaftler Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Weltbestsellers Das Ende der Geschichte, sucht in seinem neuen Buch nach den Gründen, warum sich immer mehr Menschen antidemokratischen Strömungen zuwenden und den Liberalismus ablehnen. Er zeigt, warum die Politik der Stunde geprägt ist von Nationalismus und Wut, welche Rolle linke und recht Parteien bei dieser Entwicklung spielen, und was wir tun können, um unsere gesellschaftliche Identität und damit die liberale Demokratie wieder zu beleben. »Intelligent und klar – wir brauchen mehr Denker, die so weise sind wie Fukuyama.« THE NEW YORK TIMES »Einer der bedeutendsten Politikwissenschaftler der westlichen Welt.« DIE WELT

Theorie sozialer Konflikte


Author: Lewis A. Coser
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531165820
Category: Social Science
Page: 195
View: 3607
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Lewis A. Coser versucht in diesem Klassiker der modernen Sozialwissenschaften im Anschluß an Georg Simmels berühmter Untersuchung über den "Streit" den Begriff des sozialen Konfliktes zu klären und dessen empirische Anwendungsmöglichkeiten aufzuzeigen. Als eines der wichtigsten Bücher der neueren Konfliktforschung hat es in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts die in diesem Zusammenhang geführten theoretischen Kontroversen maßgeblich bestimmt und eine Vielzahl von empirischen Untersuchungen angeregt.

Persepolis

Eine Kindheit im Iran & Jugendjahre
Author: Marjane Satrapi
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783866158719
Category:
Page: 347
View: 7891
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Der imperiale Traum

Die Globalgeschichte großer Reiche 1400-2000
Author: John Darwin
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593409976
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 7791
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Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts begannen die europäischen Seefahrernationen, die Seewege Richtung Amerika und Indien zu erschließen. Doch was geschah damals in jenem Teil der Welt, der vom Ausgreifen des Westens zunächst relativ unberührt blieb? In einer meisterhaften Geschichtserzählung schildert John Darwin, dass die asiatischen Reiche - China, Japan, das indische Mogul-Reich, das Osmanische und Russische Reich - lange Zeit erstaunlich stabil blieben. Erst um 1880 erlangte Europa ihnen gegenüber eine ökonomische und militärische Vormachtstellung, die es aber im Zuge der beiden Weltkriege des 20. Jahrhunderts bald wieder verlor. "Dieses Buch wird über Jahre zum Standard werden." Rheinischer Merkur "Kaum ein Stein des welthistorischen Mosaiks seit der frühen Neuzeit bleibt von Darwin ungewendet." Die Zeit

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism


Author: S. A. Smith
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667528
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 865
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The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.

Revolution and Counter Revolution in Iran


Author: Phil Marshall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 128
View: 6406
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Wir sind die Medien

Internet und politischer Wandel in Iran
Author: Marcus Michaelsen
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839423112
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 5415
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Ob »Twitter-Revolution« oder »Cyberdemokratie« - häufig prägen Schlagworte die Debatte zum politischen Potenzial des Internets. Jenseits von Mythisierungen untersucht Marcus Michaelsen die Nutzung neuer Medien durch Opposition und Zivilgesellschaft im Iran - angefangen von den ersten Reformwebseiten über die Blogs von Journalisten und Frauenrechtlerinnen bis hin zu den sozialen Medien der Grünen Bewegung. Durch die Verknüpfung präziser Landeskenntnis mit Theorien der Politik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft entsteht eine ebenso fundierte wie anschauliche Analyse der Leistungen und Grenzen von Internetanwendungen in Prozessen des politischen Wandels.

Meccanomics


Author: Vali Nasr
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780740573
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 9408
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Renowned Middle-East expert Vali Nasr combines historical narrative with contemporary on-the-ground research to introduce a Muslim World we’ve never seen. Meccanomics takes us behind the news, so dominated by the struggle against extremists and the Taliban, to reveal a new society, one that is being reshaped by an upwardly mobile middle class of entrepreneurs, investors, professionals, and insatiable consumers. His insights into the true situations in Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the crucial bright spots of Dubai and Turkey provide a whole new way of thinking about the troubles and prospects in the region. Nasr’s groundbreaking analysis offers a powerful reassessment of a region where financial might – not fundamentalism – does the talking.

Kritik der westlichen Philosophie in Iran

Zum geistesgeschichtlichen Selbstverständnis von Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i und Murtaza Mutahhari
Author: Urs Gösken
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110392801
Category: History
Page: 493
View: 9881
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Die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Westen stellt einen der Schwerpunkte im Denken iranischer Intellektueller dar. Mit Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i (1903-1981) und Murtaza Mutahhari (1920-1979) werden in diesem Buch zwei Vertreter der iranischen Geistesgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts und ihre Sicht auf die westliche und islamische Philosophiegeschichte vorgestellt. Zugleich wird der Einfluss ihres Denkens auf den vorrevolutionären Iran aufgezeigt.

State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East


Author: Roger Owen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134432917
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 3175
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Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.

Social Movements in Twentieth-century Iran

Culture, Ideology, and Mobilizing Frameworks
Author: Stephen C. Poulson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 339
View: 8152
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In this work Stephen C. Poulson, a scholar of collective action and social movements, investigates cycles of social protest in Iran from 1890 to the present era. He illuminates the following social movements: the 1890-1892 Tobacco Movement; the 1906-1909 Constitutional Revolution; two post-World War II movements, the Tudeh (Masses) and the National Front; the 1963 Qom Protest; and the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution. These movements confronted two primary questions: How should the Iranian state achieve independence in the world and what rights should individual Iranians enjoy in their political and social system? Poulson examines the framing of these questions and their answers by various Iranian political actors over time, revealing both continuity and change.

The Coup

1953, The CIA, and The Roots of Modern U.S.-Iranian Relations
Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595588620
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 8480
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In August 1953, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency orchestrated the swift overthrow of Iran’s democratically elected leader and installed Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in his place. Over the next twenty-six years, the United States backed the unpopular, authoritarian shah and his secret police; in exchange, it reaped a share of Iran’s oil wealth and became a key player in this volatile region. The blowback was almost inevitable, as this new and revealing history of the coup and its consequences shows. When the 1979 Iranian Revolution deposed the shah and replaced his puppet government with a radical Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the shift reverberated throughout the Middle East and the world, casting a long, dark shadow over U.S.-Iran relations that extends to the present day. In this authoritative new history of the coup and its aftermath, noted Iran scholar Ervand Abrahamian uncovers little-known documents that challenge conventional interpretations and also sheds new light on how the American role in the coup influenced U.S.-Iranian relations, both past and present. Drawing from the hitherto closed archives of British Petroleum, the Foreign Office, and the U.S. State Department, as well as from Iranian memoirs and published interviews, Abrahamian’s riveting account of this key historical event will change America’s understanding of a crucial turning point in modern U.S.-Iranian relations.

Islam, Democracy and Religious Modernism in Iran, 1953-2000

From Bāzargān to Soroush
Author: Forough Jahanbakhsh
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004119826
Category: Religion
Page: 201
View: 879
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This book discusses the general problematic of Islam and democracy and the ideas of certain Iranian religious modernists on the issue. Examining the development of religious intellectualism in post-revolutionary Iran, it presents Abdolkarim Soroush's novel approach to this pertinent topic.

On the Arab Revolts and the Iranian Revolution

Power and Resistance Today
Author: Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472512405
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 736
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On the Arab Revolts and the Iranian Revolution: Power and Resistance Today is the first comparative analysis of two central political events that have altered our world forever: the Arab uprisings which started in Tunisia, and the Iranian revolution in 1979. Adib-Moghaddam demonstrates how contemporary forms of protest are changing our understanding about the way power and resistance function. In a theoretical tour de force which is substantiated with a range of primary material, he argues that acts of protest in Tehran to Cairo can be entirely linked to the same act in New York, London, Madrid and Athens. Breaking through the east/west, north/south divide, Adib-Moghaddam shows how the Arab revolts promise to shift the discourse away from the idea that Arabs and Muslims are peculiar, that "Middle Eastern Studies" cannot be linked to political theory, that the dynamics of rebellion "there" are fundamentally different from the politics of revolt "here". Adib-Moghaddam argues that the dialectics of power and resistance are truly universal and that they are unfolding within a globalised political context that is increasingly interconnected. In order to illuminate this argument theoretically, the study is organised around conceptual terms that feed into forms of power and resistance, such as revolution, radicalism, dissent, knowledge, neighbour and reform. These terms and concepts are discussed and deconstructed via an empirical discussion of pivotal events beyond the non-western world, demonstrating that for a long time, and without realising it, we have been living in the end times of unitary categories such as "west" and "east."

A History of Modern Iran


Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139471596
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 5491
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In a reappraisal of Iran's modern history, Ervand Abrahamian traces its traumatic journey across the twentieth century, through the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the rule of the Pahlavis and, in 1979, revolution and the birth of the Islamic Republic. In the intervening years, the country has experienced a bitter war with Iraq, the transformation of society under the clergy and, more recently, the expansion of the state and the struggle for power between the old elites, the intelligentsia and the commercial middle class. The author is a compassionate expositor. While he adroitly negotiates the twists and turns of the country's regional and international politics, at the heart of his book are the people of Iran. It is to them and their resilience that this book is dedicated, as Iran emerges at the beginning of the twenty-first century as one of the most powerful states in the Middle East.

Fragile Resistance

Social Transformation in Iran from 1500 to the Revolution
Author: John Foran
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 452
View: 9103
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