Iran Between Two Revolutions


Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691101347
Category: History
Page: 561
View: 3534
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In this examination of the social bases of Iranian politics, Professor Abrahamian draws on archives of the British Foreign Office and India Office that have only recently been opened; newspaper, memoirs and biographies published in Tehran between 1906 and 1980; proceedings of the Iranian Majles and Senate; interviews with retired and active politicians and pamphlets, books and periodicals distributed by exiled groups in Europe and North America in the period between 1953 and 1980.

Theorie sozialer Konflikte


Author: Lewis A. Coser
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531165820
Category: Social Science
Page: 195
View: 6536
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Lewis A. Coser versucht in diesem Klassiker der modernen Sozialwissenschaften im Anschluß an Georg Simmels berühmter Untersuchung über den "Streit" den Begriff des sozialen Konfliktes zu klären und dessen empirische Anwendungsmöglichkeiten aufzuzeigen. Als eines der wichtigsten Bücher der neueren Konfliktforschung hat es in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts die in diesem Zusammenhang geführten theoretischen Kontroversen maßgeblich bestimmt und eine Vielzahl von empirischen Untersuchungen angeregt.

Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran

From the Qajars to Khomeini
Author: Joanna De Groot
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860645716
Category: History
Page: 305
View: 418
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A new and original interpretation of the social history of religion in Iran from the 1870s to the 1970s. Drawing together religion and other social and cultural issues, it places the revolutionary upheavals of 1977-82 in the context of historical developments over the preceding century. De Groot argues that Iran's revolution was not the inevitable outcome of the nature of the Iranian state or of religion in Iran but was much more complex and resulted from a wider range of factors than is traditionally believed. She focuses on the human responses of Iranians to their experiences and on the rich variety and complexity of the relationship between religion and other aspects of society, thought and culture in their daily life. Stimulating and engaging, Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran makes an important contribution to the study of Iranian society.

Islam and the Post-Revolutionary State in Iran


Author: Homa Omid
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349232467
Category: Political Science
Page: 263
View: 6325
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'...her short analysis of the Iranian armed forces in the 1980s is first-rate, so too is her much more substantial section on women and the state in Iran...As well as offering useful insights into the workings of the Islamic state in Iran, this readable book also provides a warning of the struggles ahead in many other Muslim societies.' - Anoushiravan Ehteshami, Times Higher Education Supplement ;Islam has been the driving force shaping the ideology and the power base of the Iranian revolution. This volume engages critically with the Islamic perspective and promises offered by the revolution. Looking at the rise of the religious institution as a revolutionary force, the author observes their post-revolutionary policies in the domains of politics, economics, education, the armed forces and women's status. In the event, the volume demonstrates that the Iranian government has failed to deliver on most, if not all, of its Islamic pledges.

Lolita lesen in Teheran


Author: Azar Nafisi
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783442154821
Category:
Page: 421
View: 9867
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A History of Modern Iran


Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139471596
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 2405
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In a reappraisal of Iran's modern history, Ervand Abrahamian traces its traumatic journey across the twentieth century, through the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the rule of the Pahlavis and, in 1979, revolution and the birth of the Islamic Republic. In the intervening years, the country has experienced a bitter war with Iraq, the transformation of society under the clergy and, more recently, the expansion of the state and the struggle for power between the old elites, the intelligentsia and the commercial middle class. The author is a compassionate expositor. While he adroitly negotiates the twists and turns of the country's regional and international politics, at the heart of his book are the people of Iran. It is to them and their resilience that this book is dedicated, as Iran emerges at the beginning of the twenty-first century as one of the most powerful states in the Middle East.

The Coup

1953, The CIA, and The Roots of Modern U.S.-Iranian Relations
Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595588620
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 5068
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In August 1953, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency orchestrated the swift overthrow of Iran’s democratically elected leader and installed Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in his place. Over the next twenty-six years, the United States backed the unpopular, authoritarian shah and his secret police; in exchange, it reaped a share of Iran’s oil wealth and became a key player in this volatile region. The blowback was almost inevitable, as this new and revealing history of the coup and its consequences shows. When the 1979 Iranian Revolution deposed the shah and replaced his puppet government with a radical Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the shift reverberated throughout the Middle East and the world, casting a long, dark shadow over U.S.-Iran relations that extends to the present day. In this authoritative new history of the coup and its aftermath, noted Iran scholar Ervand Abrahamian uncovers little-known documents that challenge conventional interpretations and also sheds new light on how the American role in the coup influenced U.S.-Iranian relations, both past and present. Drawing from the hitherto closed archives of British Petroleum, the Foreign Office, and the U.S. State Department, as well as from Iranian memoirs and published interviews, Abrahamian’s riveting account of this key historical event will change America’s understanding of a crucial turning point in modern U.S.-Iranian relations.

Revolution 2.0

Wie wir mit der ägyptischen Revolution die Welt verändern
Author: Wael Ghonim
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843701830
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 2553
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Mit verbundenen Augen saß Wael Ghonim, Marketingchef von Google, 12 Tage im Gefängnis der ägyptischen Staatspolizei. Kaum war er wieder frei, wurden ihm vor laufender Kamera Bilder von getöteten Demonstranten gezeigt. Er brach in Tränen aus. Der Widerstand hatte ein neues Gesicht. Zum ersten Mal erzählt Ghonim von seinem Kampf gegen die ägyptische Regierung nach der Ermordung des Bloggers Khaled Said. Während der Protestbewegung gegen Präsident Mubarak gründete er die Facebook-Gruppe »We are all Khaled Said«, wo er zu Demonstrationen gegen das Regime aufrief. Zwei Wochen später trat Mubarak zurück. Wael Ghonim erklärt, warum eine Revolution in Ägypten unausweichlich war und was man daraus lernen kann: Er liefert die Blaupause dafür, wie wir Dinge verändern können – bis zur Revolution 2.0.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism


Author: S. A. Smith
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667528
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 7411
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The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.

Revolution and Counter Revolution in Iran


Author: Phil Marshall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 128
View: 2452
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Der imperiale Traum

Die Globalgeschichte großer Reiche 1400-2000
Author: John Darwin
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593409976
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 6698
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Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts begannen die europäischen Seefahrernationen, die Seewege Richtung Amerika und Indien zu erschließen. Doch was geschah damals in jenem Teil der Welt, der vom Ausgreifen des Westens zunächst relativ unberührt blieb? In einer meisterhaften Geschichtserzählung schildert John Darwin, dass die asiatischen Reiche - China, Japan, das indische Mogul-Reich, das Osmanische und Russische Reich - lange Zeit erstaunlich stabil blieben. Erst um 1880 erlangte Europa ihnen gegenüber eine ökonomische und militärische Vormachtstellung, die es aber im Zuge der beiden Weltkriege des 20. Jahrhunderts bald wieder verlor. "Dieses Buch wird über Jahre zum Standard werden." Rheinischer Merkur "Kaum ein Stein des welthistorischen Mosaiks seit der frühen Neuzeit bleibt von Darwin ungewendet." Die Zeit

Die Mongolen in Iran

Politik, Verwaltung Und Kultur Der Ilchanzeit 1220-1350
Author: Bertold Spuler
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004070998
Category: Social Science
Page: 494
View: 6050
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Wir sind die Medien

Internet und politischer Wandel in Iran
Author: Marcus Michaelsen
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839423112
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 6959
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Ob »Twitter-Revolution« oder »Cyberdemokratie« - häufig prägen Schlagworte die Debatte zum politischen Potenzial des Internets. Jenseits von Mythisierungen untersucht Marcus Michaelsen die Nutzung neuer Medien durch Opposition und Zivilgesellschaft im Iran - angefangen von den ersten Reformwebseiten über die Blogs von Journalisten und Frauenrechtlerinnen bis hin zu den sozialen Medien der Grünen Bewegung. Durch die Verknüpfung präziser Landeskenntnis mit Theorien der Politik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft entsteht eine ebenso fundierte wie anschauliche Analyse der Leistungen und Grenzen von Internetanwendungen in Prozessen des politischen Wandels.

Die Vernetzung der Welt

Ein Blick in unsere Zukunft
Author: Eric Schmidt,Jared Cohen
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644030618
Category: Political Science
Page: 448
View: 3199
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Welche Konsequenzen wird es haben, wenn in Zukunft die überwiegende Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung online ist? Wenn Informationstechnologien so allgegenwärtig sind wie Elektrizität? Was bedeutet das für die Politik, die Wirtschaft – und für uns selbst? Diese Fragen beantwortet ein außergewöhnliches Autorenduo: Eric Schmidt, der Mann, der Google zu einem Weltunternehmen gemacht hat, und Jared Cohen, ehemaliger Berater von Hillary Clinton und Condoleezza Rice und jetzt Chef von Googles Denkfabrik. In diesem aufregenden Buch führen sie uns die Chancen und Gefahren jener eng vernetzten Welt vor Augen, die die meisten von uns noch erleben werden. Es ist die sehr konkrete Vision einer Zukunft, die bereits begonnen hat. Und ein engagiertes Plädoyer dafür, sie jetzt zu gestalten – weil Technologie der leitenden Hand des Menschen bedarf, um Positives zu bewirken.

Meccanomics


Author: Vali Nasr
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780740573
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 4257
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Renowned Middle-East expert Vali Nasr combines historical narrative with contemporary on-the-ground research to introduce a Muslim World we’ve never seen. Meccanomics takes us behind the news, so dominated by the struggle against extremists and the Taliban, to reveal a new society, one that is being reshaped by an upwardly mobile middle class of entrepreneurs, investors, professionals, and insatiable consumers. His insights into the true situations in Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the crucial bright spots of Dubai and Turkey provide a whole new way of thinking about the troubles and prospects in the region. Nasr’s groundbreaking analysis offers a powerful reassessment of a region where financial might – not fundamentalism – does the talking.

Kritik der westlichen Philosophie in Iran

Zum geistesgeschichtlichen Selbstverständnis von Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i und Murtaza Mutahhari
Author: Urs Gösken
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110392801
Category: History
Page: 493
View: 7895
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The contentious engagement with Western thought is one of the focal points of Iranian intellectual life. This volume examines two major figures in 20th century Iranian intellectual history, Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaí (1903–1981) and Mortaza Motahhari (1920–1979), and presents their historical views on Western and Islamic philosophy. It also describes the impact of their ideas on pre-revolutionary Iranian thinking.

Khomeinism

Essays on the Islamic Republic
Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520085039
Category: History
Page: 188
View: 8527
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"Fanatic," "dogmatic," "fundamentalist"--these are the words most often used in the West to describe the Ayatollah Khomeini. The essays in this book challenge that view, arguing that Khomeini and his Islamic movement should be seen as a form of Third World political populism--a radical but pragmatic middle-class movement that strives to enter, rather than reject, the modern age. Ervand Abrahamian, while critical of Khomeini, asks us to look directly at the Ayatollah's own works and to understand what they meant to his principal audience--his followers in Iran. Abrahamian analyzes political tracts dating back to 1943, along with Khomeini's theological writings and his many public statements in the form of speeches, interviews, proclamations and fatwas (judicial decrees). What emerges, according to Abrahamian, is a militant, sometimes contradictory, political ideology that focuses not on issues of scripture and theology but on the immediate political, social, and economic grievances of workers and the middle class. These essays reveal how the Islamic Republic has systematically manipulated history through televised "recantations," newspapers, school textbooks, and even postage stamps. All are designed to bolster the clergy's reputation as champions of the downtrodden and as defenders against foreign powers. Abrahamian also discusses the paranoia that permeates the political spectrum in Iran, contending that such deep distrust is symptomatic of populist regimes everywhere.

State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East


Author: Roger Owen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134432917
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 2857
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Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.

Social Movements in Twentieth-century Iran

Culture, Ideology, and Mobilizing Frameworks
Author: Stephen C. Poulson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 339
View: 4988
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In this work Stephen C. Poulson, a scholar of collective action and social movements, investigates cycles of social protest in Iran from 1890 to the present era. He illuminates the following social movements: the 1890-1892 Tobacco Movement; the 1906-1909 Constitutional Revolution; two post-World War II movements, the Tudeh (Masses) and the National Front; the 1963 Qom Protest; and the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution. These movements confronted two primary questions: How should the Iranian state achieve independence in the world and what rights should individual Iranians enjoy in their political and social system? Poulson examines the framing of these questions and their answers by various Iranian political actors over time, revealing both continuity and change.