Iran Since the Revolution (RLE Iran D)


Author: Sepehr Zabir
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136833005
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 806
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since the turn of the century Iran has experienced three major political upheavals in the struggle to democratize her political systems. The last revolution inaugurated an era of unprecedented turmoil and instead of fulfilling its democratic aim, paved the way for an even more despotic theocracy. To put the revolution in a proper perspective, some attempt is made to explain the reasons for Khomeini’s success in acquiring first, the symbolic leadership of the anti-Shah revolution, and then, the monopolistic control of power in Iran. How and why the other claimants to power were shunted aside and later brutally repressed is a further theme for discussion. The domestic and external ramifications of the revolution are examined in detail; in particular the rise of the anti-American feeling which culminated in the hostage crisis. In conclusion, an analysis is offered of the instrumentalities of power available to the Islamic Republic, and several scenarios are explored in which Iran’s competing forces may converge to determine whether this third revolution will finally succeed in subordinating political authority to popular democratic consent.

The State and Revolution in Iran (RLE Iran D)


Author: Hossein Bashiriyeh
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136820892
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 6933
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book analyses the distant and proximate causes of the 1978 revolution in Iran as well as the dynamics of power which it set in motion. The volume explains the complex and far-reaching processes which produced the revolution, beginning in the late nineteenth century. In explaining the more proximate causes of the revolution, the book analyses the nature of the old regime and its internal contradictions; the emergence of some fundamental conflicts of interest between the state and the upper class; the economic crisis of 1975-8 which made possible a revolutionary mass immobilisation; and the emergence of a new religious interpretation of political authority and the unusual spread of the ideology of political Islam among a segment of the modern intelligentsia. The volume relates the diverse aspects of class, ideology and economic structure in order to provide an understanding of the political processes.

The Iranian Military in Revolution and War (RLE Iran D)


Author: Sepehr Zabir
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136812709
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 7784
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a fascinating critical examination of the characteristics and development of the armed forces in Iran, their role under the Shah and their re-creation in the war against Iraq as the fighting forces of Islam. The author examines the contradictory accounts, including the Shah’s own Answer to History, as well as newly available accounts by highly placed ex-officials, and interviews with exiled army officers. He examines in detail the apparent shift of allegiance within the forces from the Shah to Imam and the ways in which this was accomplished. Major Iranian offensives, changing strategies from human wave assault to the Tankers War, and the delicate balance between the regular Army and the Revolutionary Guards, are also extensively examined. The book concludes with an analysis of the potential role of the armed forces in a succession crisis.

Iran and the International Community (RLE Iran D)


Author: Anoush Ehteshami
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136834400
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 2738
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this book experts examine the main features of Iran’s foreign policy from 1980 – 1990, assessing relations with the UN, the superpowers, Europe, the GCC and Iraq. Although the Islamic revolution made Iran a significant force in the international arena, it is argued that the ending of the Cold War and the rise of Iraq as the dominant power in the Gulf are now creating a very different set of foreign policy challenges and options.

The Left in Contemporary Iran (RLE Iran D)


Author: Sepehr Zabir
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136812636
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 5619
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book examines the structure and ideology of all the main leftist groups in Iran. It considers their role in the Revolution, and analyses their relations with Khomeini and his colleagues. It also explains why the majority of the leftist organisations had defected from the Islamic regime by the summer of 1981. A second important theme of the book is the way in which the Soviet Union responded to the treatment of the Left by the Islamic government. Based on extensive analysis of original source material in Farsi and other languages and numerous interviews with leftist leaders and participants, the book provides a detailed portrait of the Left in contemporary Iran.

The Security of the Persian Gulf (RLE Iran D)


Author: Hossein Amirsadeghi
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136834540
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 5105
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Persian Gulf, important because of its vast energy resources, emerged into the limelight of geopolitics at the time of the British Labour government’s policy of withdrawal from East of Suez in 1968. Before 1968 it had been recognised that the Gulf lay in the legitimate sphere of influence of Britain, while the United States exerted its influence in the two pivotal littoral states of Iran and Saudi Arabia. The Soviets had been gaining influence in Iraq ever since the overthrow of the monarchy in 1958 and the Chinese were also fishing for influence by their support of the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Arabian Gulf. This book examines the political axes of the various super-powers with Iran and the Persian Gulf and discusses the implications of these problems for the issue of security in the region.

The Persian Gulf and the West (RLE Iran D)


Author: Charles Kupchan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136834125
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 5235
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume provides a broadly comparative and historical re-examination of the fundamental strategic dilemmas that confront the Western world in the Persian Gulf region. This systematic study of how the West has defined and dealt with its security interests in this region reveals three central strategic dilemmas: strategy versus capability, globalism versus regionalism, and unilateralism versus collectivism. The first part of the book focuses on US policy with particular emphasis on the Iranian Revolution and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The author explains why there has been a persistent gap between American perceptions of the Middle East and the political and strategic realities of the region. The second part of the book examines the frustrated efforts of NATO members to form a cooperative response to their collective interests in the region.

The Soviet Union and the Arabian Peninsula (RLE Iran D)


Author: Aryeh Yodfat
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136833773
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 7156
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the first years of the Soviet regime there was little, if any, Soviet interest in Arabia and the Persian Gulf. Over the last fifty years relations between Russia and this part of the world have become more complex; this book traces their intricate history in a full analysis of Soviet policy towards the Arabian Peninsula. It opens with a review of events from the beginning of the Soviet regime until 1975. The author goes on to consider the period between 1975 and 1978, concentrating especially on Soviet relations with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and South Yemen. The impact of the rise of the Ayatollah Khomeini’s Islamic Republic in 1979 is examined in detail, with the emphasis on the situation in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and both North and South Yemen. Finally the author examines the effect on Soviet policy of the Iran-Iraq war and the subsequent insecurity in the Gulf region. This study is based on mainly primary sources of Soviet, Arab, Iranian and Western origins.

The Soviet Union and Revolutionary Iran (RLE Iran D)


Author: Aryeh Yodfat
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136833706
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 1726
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Relations between the USSR and Iran during the period from the overthrow of the Shah and the establishment of the Islamic Republic up to early 1983 are reviewed in this book. It begins with a brief survey of Russian-Persian relations in earlier years, with a focus on the developments that served as a background to the current events. It examines Soviet attitudes and reactions to Iran’s foreign and internal policy and highlights the way in which the Soviets often raise events of which they do not approve in order to draw Iran closer to them. In particular, the book discusses the Soviet response to the Iran-Iraq war and the position of the Tudeh Party and the other leftists within Iran. Iran’s policy towards the USSR is treated at length and it is shown that it is suspicious of a tacit USA-USSR agreement over the fate of Iran. Khomeini’s attempts to isolate Iran from both East and West are also reviewed. This book was one of the first to discuss this crucial dimension in Middle East politics and it makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the forces driving the Iranian Revolution.

Tribe and State in Iran and Afghanistan (RLE Iran D)


Author: Richard Tapper
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136833846
Category: Social Science
Page: 496
View: 6351
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In 1978 and 1979 revolutions in Afghanistan and Iran marked a shift in the balance of power in South West Asia and the world. Then, as now, the world is once more aware that tribalism is no anachronism in a struggle for political and cultural self-determination. This books provides historical and anthropological perspectives necessary to the eventual understanding of the events surrounding the revolutions.

The Iran-Iraq War (RLE Iran A)


Author: M. S. EL-Azhary
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113684175X
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 9088
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Iran-Iraq war broke out in September 1980. It brought death and suffering to hundreds of thousands of people on both sides and devastated the economies of both countries. It also increased international tensions by precipitating new alliances and rearrangement of forces in the already turbulent Middle East. The focus of this book is on the historical, economic and political dimensions of the war between Iraq and Iran. It examines many aspects of what proved to be a very complex conflict; including its long history, its present economic and political setting, the different responses to the war by outside parties and its regional and world implications.

The Persian Gulf (RLE Iran A)


Author: Arnold Wilson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136841059
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 6513
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume records the history of the Persian Gulf from the very earliest records until the 1920s. It records the rise and fall of ancient Empires and discusses the rule of Turks and Arabs. It chronicles the Western maritime nations – the Portuguese, Dutch, French and British – outstrip one another in trade and influence.

Iraq and Iran (RLE Iran A)


Author: Jasim M Abdulghani
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136834265
Category: Social Science
Page: 278
View: 7164
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Behind the Iran-Iraq war rests a history of conflict stretching back to the Ottoman Turks and the Persians. This book examines the deep-seated and complex factors involved in the rivalry between these two nations. It focuses particularly on the period between 1969 and 1984, a time that saw both the rise of the Ba’th party in Iraq and Khomeini’s return to power in Iran. These changes did much to escalate tensions. The Ba’th party’s ideological, socialist regime and its emphasis on political secular concerns stood in marked contrast to Iran under Khomeini and his efforts to spread an Islamic revolution among the nation’s Shiite majority. The author discusses how these differences have affected three long-term problems: Iraq’s and Iran’s rivalry for dominance in the Arabian Gulf region; disputes over the Shatt al-Arab waterway, which serves as a boundary between the two nations; and the Kurdish rebellion in Iraq, supported by Iran. The volume also looks at the most recent episodes of crisis and analyzes the evolution of the Iran-Iraq war and its implications both regionally and globally. Unlike other studies of Iraq’s relations with Iran, Abdulghani’s is distinguished by its systematic and comprehensive synthesis which interlocks legal, cultural, historical and political issues that have characterized relations between the two countries.

Gut leben

Ein Kompass der Lebenskunst
Author: Theodore Zeldin
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455851630
Category: Self-Help
Page: 496
View: 4445
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Gutes Leben entsteht im Dialog, im Dialog mit der Vergangenheit und mit unseren Mitmenschen. Nur so bekommen wir eine Ahnung davon, was es bedeutet, Mensch zu sein. In seiner ebenso kenntnisreichen wie unterhaltsamen Abhandlung über die Kunst des Lebens widmet sich der bedeutende englische Philosoph und Historiker Theodore Zeldin der Frage, was wir aus der Vergangenheit lernen können für ein besseres Leben. Vor welchen Problemen standen unsere Vorfahren - zu denen so prominente Figuren wie Albert Einstein, Thomas Morus, der Philosoph Francis Bacon und die Schriftsteller Hans Christian Andersen und Fjodor Dostojewski zählen, aber auch ein texanischer Farmer des 19. Jahrhunderts -, und wie können wir ihre Erfahrungen für uns nutzbar machen? Höchst eindrucksvoll zeigt Zeldin, dass die größten Probleme unserer Zeit, aber auch die größten Chancen von unseren zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen abhängen und wie viel reicher unser Leben sein kann, wenn wir wirklich in Austausch miteinander treten

News Review on Science and Technology


Author: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4528
DOWNLOAD NOW »


The Current Digest of the Soviet Press


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: World politics
Page: N.A
View: 9551
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Book Review Digest


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bibliography
Page: N.A
View: 1663
DOWNLOAD NOW »


The Middle East

Abstracts and index
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Middle East
Page: N.A
View: 5279
DOWNLOAD NOW »