Islam and Democracy in Iran

Eshkevari and the Quest for Reform
Author: Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari,Ziba Mir-Hosseini,Richard Tapper
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845111335
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
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Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari is a former revolutionary and reformer who became one of the Islamic Republic's outspoken critics. In presenting a selection of his writings, this book reveals a trajectory of dissent common to Islamic nations and makes a contribution to our understanding of the social and political issues confronting the Muslim world.

Islam, Democracy and Religious Modernism in Iran, 1953-2000

From Bāzargān to Soroush
Author: Forough Jahanbakhsh
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004119826
Category: Religion
Page: 201
View: 9973
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This book discusses the general problematic of Islam and democracy and the ideas of certain Iranian religious modernists on the issue. Examining the development of religious intellectualism in post-revolutionary Iran, it presents Abdolkarim Soroush's novel approach to this pertinent topic.

Democracy in Modern Iran

Islam, Culture, and Political Change
Author: Ali Mirsepassi
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814763448
Category: History
Page: 234
View: 3144
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Can Islamic societies embrace democracy? In Democracy in Modern Iran, Ali Mirsepassi maintains that it is in fact possible, demonstrating that Islam is not inherently hostile to the idea of democracy. Rather, he provides new perspective on how such a political and social transformation could take place, arguing that the key to understanding the integration of Islam and democracy lies in concrete social institutions rather than pre-conceived ideas, every day experiences rather than abstract theories. Mirsepassi, an Iranian native, provides a rare inside look into the country, offering a deep understanding of how Islamic countries like Iran and Iraq can and will embrace democracy. This essential volume contributes important insights to current discussions, creating a more complex conception of modernity in the Eastern world and, with it, Mirsepassi offers to a broad Western audience a more accurate, less clichd vision of Iran's political reality. Ali Mirsepassi is Professor of Middle Eastern Studies and Sociology at New York University and author of Intellectual Discourses and Politics of Modernization: Negotiating Modernity in Iran.

Democracy, human rights, and Islam in modern Iran

psychological, social, and cultural perspectives
Author: Uichol Kim,Henriette Sinding Aasen,Shīrīn ʻIbādī
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788276749229
Category: Political Science
Page: 519
View: 1200
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Democracy in Iran

History and the Quest for Liberty
Author: Ali Gheissair,Vali Nasr,Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195396960
Category: History
Page: 214
View: 4592
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Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?

Iran, Islam and Democracy

The Politics of Managing Change
Author: Ali M. Ansari
Publisher: Royal Inst of International Affairs
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 6517
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Ali M. Ansari analyzes the origins and dynamic of political development in Iran and the politicization of Islam, and discusses the possible consequences for Iran and the region, as well as Irans relationship with the wider world.

Die islamische Aufklärung

Der Konflikt zwischen Glaube und Vernunft
Author: Christopher de Bellaigue
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104906467
Category: Religion
Page: 544
View: 9086
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»Erhellend, großartig geschrieben, ein Buch, das uns hilft, das Verständnis zwischen islamischer Welt und Moderne zu verstehen.« Yuval Noah Harari, Autor von »Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit« Die islamische Aufklärung hat längst stattgefunden. In einer fulminanten Erzählung demontiert Christopher de Bellaigue die oft selbstgefällige westliche Sicht auf die arabische Welt. Auch in Ägypten, im Iran und der Türkei gab es nach 1800 eine breite Bewegung für Freiheit, Gleichheit und Demokratie und für einen weltlichen Staat, für Frauenrechte und Gewerkschaften, freie Presse und die Abschaffung der Sklaverei. In atemberaubender Geschwindigkeit modernisierten sich die arabischen Gesellschaften. Doch die Gegenaufklärung folgte auf dem Fuß, mit autokratischen Regimen und fundamentalistischem Terror. De Bellaigue schildert den Kampf zwischen Glaube und Vernunft und um eine neue muslimische Identität. Eine reiche, überraschende Geschichte, eine radikal neue Sicht auf den modernen Islam. »Eine ausgesprochen originelle und informative Studie über die Zusammenstöße zwischen dem Islam und der Moderne in Istanbul, Kairo und Teheran während der letzten zweihundert Jahre.« Orhan Pamuk »Christopher de Bellaigue gehört seit Langem schon zu den einfallsreichsten und anregendsten Interpreten einiger von Angst und Vorurteil verstellter Realitäten. In ›Die islamische Aufklärung‹ seziert er den selbstgefälligen Gegensatz zwischen Islam und Moderne und enthüllt dabei eine faszinierende Welt: eine Welt, in der Menschen sich unter dem Druck der Geschichte ständig verändern, improvisieren und sich anpassen. Es ist genau das richtige Buch für unsere in Unordnung geratene Welt: zeitgemäß, dringlich und erhellend.« Pankaj Mishra »Zur rechten Zeit, tiefsinnig und provokativ.« Peter Frankopan

Islam and Democracy

Religion, Politics, and Power in the Middle East
Author: Timothy D. Sisk
Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press
ISBN: 9781878379214
Category: Political Science
Page: 84
View: 2944
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This volume explores the relationship between religion and politics generally, as well as the global wave of democratization in the late twentieth century, as background to different interpretations of political Islam. It analyzes the role of these movements in Iran, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, the Persian Gulf (especially Saudi Arabia), and the Palestinian community.

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East


Author: Larry Jay Diamond,Marc F. Plattner,Daniel Brumberg
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780801878473
Category: Political Science
Page: 322
View: 4578
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"Islam and Democracy in the Middle East" provides a comprehensive assessment of the origins and staying power of Middle East autocracies, as well as a sober account of the struggles of state reformers and opposition forces to promote civil liberties, competitive elections, and a pluralistic vision of Islam. Drawing on the insights of some twenty-five leading Western and Middle Eastern scholars, the book highlights the dualistic and often contradictory nature of political liberalization. As the case studies of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, and Yemen suggest, political liberalization--as managed by the state--not only opens new spaces for debate and criticism, but is also used as a deliberate tactic to avoid genuine democratization. In several chapters on Iran, the authors analyze the benefits and costs of limited reform. There, the electoral successes of President Mohammad Khatami and his reformist allies inspired a new generation but have not as yet undermined the clerical establishment's power. By contrast, in Turkey a party with Islamist roots is moving a discredited system beyond decades of conflict and paralysis, following a stunning election victory in 2002. Turkey's experience highlights the critical role of political Islam as a force for change. While acknowledging the enduring attraction of radical Islam throughout the Arab world, the concluding chapters carefully assess the recent efforts of Muslim civil society activists and intellectuals to promote a liberal Islamic alternative. Their struggles to affirm the compatibility of Islam and pluralistic democracy face daunting challenges, not least of which is the persistent efforts of many Arab rulers to limit the influence of all advocates of democracy, secular or religious. Contributors: Shaul Bakhash, George Mason University; Ladan Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation for the Promotion of Human Rights and Democracy in Iran; Roya Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation; Jason Brownlee, Princeton University; Daniel Brumberg, Georgetown University; Abdelwahab El-Affendi, University of Westminster; Haleh Esfandiari, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Abdou Filali-Ansary, editor of "Prologues: revue maghrebine du livre"; Michael Herb, Georgia State University; Ramin Jahanbegloo, Aga Khan University, London; Mehrangiz Kar, lawyer, writer, and human rights activist; E. Fuat Keyman, Koc University, Istanbul; Laith Kubba, National Endowment for Democracy; Vickie Langohr, College of the Holy Cross; Bernard Lewis, Princeton University; Russell Lucas, Wake Forest University; Abdeslam Maghraoui, Princeton University; Radwan Masmoudi, Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy, Washington, D.C.; Ziya Onis; Koc University; Soli Ozel, Bilgi University, Istanbul; William Quandt, University of Virginia; Jillian Schwedler, University of Maryland, College Park; Jean-Francois Seznec, Columbia University and Georgetown University; Emmanuel Sivan, Hebrew University; Mohamed Talbi, independent scholar; Robin Wright, "Los Angeles Times."

‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran


Author: K. Chatterjee
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230119220
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 1747
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This book tells the story of how Shari'ati developed a language of political Islam, speaking in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its claim to legitimacy.

Political Islam, Iran, and the Enlightenment

Philosophies of Hope and Despair
Author: Ali Mirsepassi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139493256
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
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Ali Mirsepassi's book presents a powerful challenge to the dominant media and scholarly construction of radical Islamist politics, and their anti-Western ideology, as a purely Islamic phenomenon derived from insular, traditional and monolithic religious 'foundations'. It argues that the discourse of political Islam has strong connections to important and disturbing currents in Western philosophy and modern Western intellectual trends. The work demonstrates this by establishing links between important contemporary Iranian intellectuals and the central influence of Martin Heidegger's philosophy. We are also introduced to new democratic narratives of modernity linked to diverse intellectual trends in the West and in non-Western societies, notably in India, where the ideas of John Dewey have influenced important democratic social movements. As the first book to make such connections, it promises to be an important contribution to the field and will do much to overturn some pervasive assumptions about the dichotomy between East and West.

Islam and Democracy

What is the Real Question?
Author: Asef Bayat
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053569839
Category: Political Science
Page: 21
View: 8905
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Can islam and democracy exist side by side? Is Islam compatible with democracy? The text examines one of the most frequently-asked and yet misguided questions. Democratic ethos should not and cannot be deduced from some essence of religions supposedly inscribed in the scriptures. Rather, they are the outcome of political struggles that push Islam toward democratic or authoritarian directions. Asef Bayat offers a new approach to examine Islam and democracy arguing how the social struggles of diverse Muslim populations, those with different interests and orientation, render Islam to embrace democratic ideas or authoritarian disposition. "Islamism" and "post-Islamism" are discussed as representing two contrasting movements which have taken Islam into different, authoritarian and inclusive, political directions.

Islamism and Post-Islamism in Iran

An Intellectual History
Author: Yadullah Shahibzadeh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137578254
Category: Political Science
Page: 265
View: 324
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This book is a study of overlooked themes in Iran’s contemporary political and intellectual history. It investigates the way Iranian Muslim intellectuals have discussed politics and democracy. As a history of Iranian Islamism and its transformation to post-Islamism, this work demonstrates that Muslim intellectuals have enriched the Iranian society epistemologically, aesthetically, ethically, and politically. This book examines the internal conflicts of the Islamist ideology as the intellectual underpinnings of the 1979 Revolution, its contribution to the formation of the post-revolutionary state, and the post-Islamist response to the democratic deficits of the post-revolutionary state. Seeking to overcome the shortcomings of historiographical approaches, this book demonstrates the intellectual and political agency of Muslim intellectuals from the 1960s to the present.

Making Islam Democratic

Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn
Author: Asef Bayat
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804755955
Category: History
Page: 291
View: 6438
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This book looks anew at the vexing question of whether Islam is compatible with democracy, examining histories of Islamic politics and social movements in the Middle East since the 1970s.

Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies
Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886520
Category: Religion
Page: 310
View: 6842
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Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.

Die Vernetzung der Welt

Ein Blick in unsere Zukunft
Author: Eric Schmidt,Jared Cohen
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644030618
Category: Political Science
Page: 448
View: 9691
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Welche Konsequenzen wird es haben, wenn in Zukunft die überwiegende Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung online ist? Wenn Informationstechnologien so allgegenwärtig sind wie Elektrizität? Was bedeutet das für die Politik, die Wirtschaft – und für uns selbst? Diese Fragen beantwortet ein außergewöhnliches Autorenduo: Eric Schmidt, der Mann, der Google zu einem Weltunternehmen gemacht hat, und Jared Cohen, ehemaliger Berater von Hillary Clinton und Condoleezza Rice und jetzt Chef von Googles Denkfabrik. In diesem aufregenden Buch führen sie uns die Chancen und Gefahren jener eng vernetzten Welt vor Augen, die die meisten von uns noch erleben werden. Es ist die sehr konkrete Vision einer Zukunft, die bereits begonnen hat. Und ein engagiertes Plädoyer dafür, sie jetzt zu gestalten – weil Technologie der leitenden Hand des Menschen bedarf, um Positives zu bewirken.

Creating an Islamic State

Khomeini and the Making of a New Iran
Author: Vanessa Martin
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860649004
Category: History
Page: 248
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Here is a major contribution to understanding notions of Political Islam.

Iran, Islam and Democracy

The Politics of Managing Change
Author: Ali M. Ansari
Publisher: Gingko Library
ISBN: 1909942952
Category: History
Page: 220
View: 7816
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The surprise election of Hasan Rouhani in 2013 has refocused attention on the dynamics between Islam and democracy in Iran after the hiatus of the Ahmadinejad presidency. With comparisons being drawn between Rouhani and his predecessor, the late Reformist President Mohammad Khatami, there has never been a better time for a close look at the rise and fall of the Reform movement in Iran, situating it within the context of the “politics of managing change.” This revised and updated edition incorporates recent work on the presidential election crisis of 2009, along with the election of Rouhani in 2013, and an additional essay on the idea of reformism in Iran in historical context. The study remains then most comprehensive account of the politics of reform and, in situating the Rouhani presidency within that context, it shines a clear light on the pressures and pitfalls Iran faces in politics and international relations.

Islam and Democracy


Author: John L. Esposito,John O. Voll
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198026754
Category: Religion
Page: 240
View: 8987
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Are Islam and democracy on a collision course? Do Islamic movements seek to "hijack democracy?" How have governments in the Muslim world responded to the many challenges of Islam and democracy today? A global religious resurgence and calls for greater political participation have been major forces in the post-Cold War period. Across the Muslim world, governments and Islamic movements grapple with issues of democratization and civil society. Islam and Democracy explores the Islamic sources (beliefs and institutions) relevant to the current debate over greater political participation and democratization. Esposito and Voll use six case studies--Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Sudan--to look at the diversity of Muslim experiences and experiments. At one end of the spectrum, Iran and Sudan represent two cases of militant, revolutionary Islam establishing political systems. In Pakistan and Malaysia, however, the new movements have been recognized and made part of the political process. Egypt and Algeria reveal the coexistence of both extremist and moderate Islamic activism and demonstrate the complex challenges confronting ruling elites. These case studies prove that despite commonalities, differing national contexts and identities give rise to a multiplicity of agendas and strategies. This broad spectrum of case studies, reflecting the multifaceted relationship of Islam and Democracy, provides important insight into the powerful forces of religious resurgence and democratization which will inevitably impact global politics in the twenty first century.

Ästhetik, Politik und schiitische Repräsentation im zeitgenössischen Iran


Author: Christian Funke
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004347348
Category: Political Science
Page: 423
View: 412
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In Ästhetik, Politik und schiitische Repräsentation im zeitgenössischen Iran zeigt Christian Funke die Verflechtungen von Politik, Protest und schiitischer Materialität auf und legt vielschichtig dar, wie die Grüne Bewegung mit umfassenderen Diskursen über Demokratie, Identität, Geschichte und Gegenwart sowie Religion und Politik verknüpft war. In Aesthetics, Politics, and Shiʿi Representation in Contemporary Iran Christian Funke explores the entangled relationship betweem politics, protest and Shiʿi materiality and shows how the ‘Green Movement’ was part of larger discourses on democracy, identity, the present and the past, and religion and politics.