Islam and Human Rights

Tradition and Politics
Author: Ann Elizabeth Mayer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429974752
Category: Political Science
Page: 322
View: 8134
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Islam and Human Rights is a probing examination of how the Islamic tradition has been exploited for political ends by regimes and institutions seeking to legitimize policies inimical to human rights. Ann Elizabeth Mayer critically appraises Islamic human rights schemes that dilute the human rights afforded by international law, comparing them with the complex Islamic legal heritage and international human rights law. Challenging stereotypes about a supposedly monolithic Islam inherently incompatible with human rights, Mayer dissects the political motives behind the selective deployment of elements of the Islamic tradition by conservative forces seeking to delegitimize demands for democracy and human rights.The fifth edition provides an updated consideration of government policies on Islam and human rights activism and how they are affecting developments in several Middle Eastern countries, and features a new chapter on the resistance of human rights for sexual minorities by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) project to co-opt international human rights law to criminalize ?defamation of Islam? occurring in the West. The new edition also analyzes the other most recent and important issues of the region, including:The burgeoning pressures in the Middle East for human rights leading up to the Arab Spring;The ambitious campaign of the (OIC) to influence the UN human rights system by forging alliances with non-Muslim states hostile to human rights; The concerted efforts by this cross-cultural alliance to subvert international human rights law under pretenses of supporting human rights;The intensifying controversies over issues of sexual orientation and gender identity in the Middle East;The Danish Cartoons controversy and the OIC project to co-opt international human rights law to criminalize ?defamation of Islam? occurring in the West.

Islam and Human Rights

Tradition and Politics
Author: Ann Elizabeth Mayer
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0813345642
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 2500
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Islam and Human Rights is a probing examination of how the Islamic tradition has been exploited for political ends by regimes and institutions seeking to legitimize policies inimical to human rights. Ann Elizabeth Mayer critically appraises Islamic human rights schemes that dilute the human rights afforded by international law, comparing them with the complex Islamic legal heritage and international human rights law. Challenging stereotypes about a supposedly monolithic Islam inherently incompatible with human rights, Mayer dissects the political motives behind the selective deployment of elements of the Islamic tradition by conservative forces seeking to delegitimize demands for democracy and human rights. The fifth edition provides an updated consideration of government policies on Islam and human rights activism and how they are affecting developments in several Middle Eastern countries, and features a new chapter on the resistance of human rights for sexual minorities by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) project to co-opt international human rights law to criminalize “defamation of Islam” occurring in the West. The new edition also analyzes the other most recent and important issues of the region, including: The burgeoning pressures in the Middle East for human rights leading up to the Arab Spring; The ambitious campaign of the (OIC) to influence the UN human rights system by forging alliances with non-Muslim states hostile to human rights; The concerted efforts by this cross-cultural alliance to subvert international human rights law under pretenses of supporting human rights; The intensifying controversies over issues of sexual orientation and gender identity in the Middle East; The Danish Cartoons controversy and the OIC project to co-opt international human rights law to criminalize “defamation of Islam” occurring in the West.

Research Handbook on International Human Rights Law


Author: Sarah Joseph,Adam McBeth
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849803374
Category: Political Science
Page: 596
View: 3842
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This handbook brings together the work of 25 leading human rights scholars from all over the world, covering a broad range of human rights topics.

Islam and Human Rights in Practice

Perspectives Across the Ummah
Author: Shahram Akbarzadeh,Benjamin MacQueen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134059256
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 3874
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Questions over the compatibility of Islam and Human Rights have become a key area of debate in the perceived tensions between ‘Islam and the West’. In many ways, discussion over the stance of Islam in relation to such factors as gender rights, religious freedom, social and political freedoms, and other related issues represents a microcosm of the broader experience of how Muslim and ‘Western’ communities interact and relate. This volume seeks to engage with the various debates surrounding Islam and Human Rights, in particular, challenging assumptions of a ‘standard’ or ‘essential’ Muslim perspective on Human Rights. Through a survey of the experiences of Muslim communities across the globe (the ummah), this volume highlights the dynamic way Muslims understand and incorporate Human Rights into their personal, social and political experiences. From conceptual discussions on the issues of gender rights and religious freedom, to examining Muslim communities from South East Asia, Central Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, leading global experts bring forth key insights into the way in which Muslim communities live and experience Human Rights. The potential for deeper engagement with this issue is critical, as it opens possibilities for more profound understanding and tolerance.

International Human Rights and Islamic Law


Author: Mashood A. Baderin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191021822
Category: Law
Page: 302
View: 4359
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This volume examines the important question of whether or not international human rights and Islamic law are compatible. It asks whether Muslim States can comply with international human rights law whilst adhering to Islamic law. The traditional arguments on this subject are examined and responded to from both international human rights and Islamic legal perspectives. The volume engages international human rights law in theoretical dialogue with Islamic law, facilitating an evaluation of the human rights policy of modern Muslim States. International Human Rights and Islamic Law formulates a synthesis between these two extremes, and argues that although there are differences of scope and application, there is no fundamental incompatibility between these two bodies of law. Baderin argues that their differences could be better addressed if the concept of human rights were positively established from within the themes of Islamic law, rather than by imposing it upon Islamic law as an alien concept. Each article of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as well as relevant articles of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women are analysed in the light of Islamic law. The volume concludes that it is possible to harmonise the differences between international human rights law and Islamic law through the adoption of the 'margin of appreciation' doctrine by international human rights treaty bodies and the utilization of the Islamic law doctrines of 'maqâsid al-sharî'ah' (the overall objective of Sharî'ah) and 'maslahah' (welfare) by Muslim States in their interpretation and application of Islamic law respectively. Baderin asserts that Islamic law can serve as an important vehicle for the guarantee and enforcement of international human rights law in the Muslim world, and the volume concludes with recommendations to that effect.

Blaues Gold

das globale Geschäft mit dem Wasser
Author: Maude Barlow,Tony Clarke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783888973758
Category:
Page: 334
View: 1714
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The Dialogue of Cultural Traditions

Global Perspective
Author: William Sweet
Publisher: CRVP
ISBN: 1565182588
Category: Social Science
Page: 658
View: 7324
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Islamic State Practices, International Law and the Threat from Terrorism

A Critique of the 'clash of Civilizations' in the New World Order
Author: Javaid Rehman
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841135011
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 6036
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In the post '9/11' legal and political environment, Islam and Muslims have been associated with terrorism. Islamic civilization has increasingly been characterized as backward, insular, stagnant and unable to deal with the demands of the 21st century, and differences and schisms between Islam and the west are being perceived as monumental and insurmountable. '9/11' terrorist attacks have unfortunately provided vital ammunition to the critics of Islam and those who champion a 'clash of civilizations'. In this original and incisive study, the author investigates the relationship between Islamic law, states practices and international terrorism. It presents a detailed analysis of the sources of Islamic law and reviews the concepts of Jihad, religious freedom and minority rights within Sharia and Siyar. In eradicating existing misconceptions, the book provides a thorough commentary of the contributions made by Islamic states in the development of international law, including norms on the prohibition of terrorism. It presents a lucid debate on such key issues within classical and modern Islamic State practices as diplomatic immunities, prohibitions on hostage-taking, aerial and maritime terrorism, and the financing of terrorism. The book surveys the unfairness and injustices within international lawâ??a legal system dominated and operated at the behest of a select band of powerful states. It forewarns that unilateralism and the undermining of human rights values in the name of the 'war on terrorism' is producing powerful reactions within Muslim states.

Religious Liberty in Western and Islamic Law

Toward a World Legal Tradition
Author: Kristine Kalanges
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199930597
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 911
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In Religious Liberty in Western and Islamic Law: Toward a World Legal Tradition, Kristine Kalanges argues that differences between Western and Islamic legal formulations of religious freedom are attributable, in substantial part, to variations in their respective religious and intellectual histories. Kalanges suggests that while divergence between the two bodies of law challenges the characterization of religious liberty as a universal human right, the "dilemma of religious freedom" - the difficult choice between the universality of religious liberty rights and peaceful co-existence of diverse legal cultures - may yet be transformed through the cultivation of a world legal tradition. This argument is advanced through comparative analysis of human rights instruments from the Western and Muslim worlds, with attention to the legal-political processes by which religious and philosophical ideas have been institutionalized.

Prospects for a Regional Human Rights Mechanism in East Asia


Author: Hidetoshi Hashimoto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135935491
Category: History
Page: 254
View: 922
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Regional inter-governmental human rights organizations have been in operation for sometime in Europe, the Americas and Africa. These regional human rights mechanisms have proven to be useful and effective in comparison to the global human rights mechanisms available at the United Nations. The purpose of this study is to investigate the possibility of establishing a regional inter-governmental human rights mechanism in East Asia, with a focus on the contributions of nongovernmental organizations' (NGOs) to such a development.

Die politische Sprache des Islam


Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783434461036
Category:
Page: 257
View: 1656
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Democracy, human rights, and Islam in modern Iran

psychological, social, and cultural perspectives
Author: Uichol Kim,Henriette Sinding Aasen,Shīrīn ʻIbādī
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788276749229
Category: Political Science
Page: 519
View: 9485
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Religious Human Rights in Global Perspective

Religious Perspectives
Author: Jr. Witte, John
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802848550
Category: Religion
Page: 633
View: 2300
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The legal traditions of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam have contributed much to the cultivation and violation of religious human rights around the world. In this volume Desmond Tutu, Martin Marty, and twenty leading scholars offer an authoritative assessment of these contributions and challenge people of all faiths to adopt "golden rules of religious liberty."

Muslims in Global Politics

Identities, Interests, and Human Rights
Author: Mahmood Monshipouri
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 081220283X
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 6007
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In Egypt Islamists clash with secularists over religious and national identity, while in Turkey secularist ruling elites have chosen to accommodate Islamists in the name of democracy and reconciliation. As Islam spreads throughout the world, Muslims living in their traditional homelands and in the Western world are grappling with shifting identities. In all cases, understanding the dynamics of identity-based politics is critical to the future of Muslims and their neighbors across the globe. In Muslims in Global Politics, Mahmood Monshipouri examines the role identity plays in political conflicts in six Muslim nations—Egypt, Iraq, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Iran, and Indonesia—as well as in Muslim diaspora communities in Europe and North America. In each instance, he describes how conservatives, neofundamentalists, reformists, and secularists construct identity in different ways and how these identities play out in the political arena. With globalization, the demand for human rights continues to grow in the Muslim world, and struggles over modernity, authenticity, legitimacy, and rationality become increasingly important. Muslims in Global Politics deepens our understanding of how modern ideas and norms interact with the traditions of the Islamic world and, in turn, shows how human rights advocates can provide an alternative to militant Islamist movements.

Philosophie der Menschenrechte

Grundlagen eines weltweiten Freiheitsethos
Author: Heiner Bielefeldt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783534140817
Category: Human rights
Page: 230
View: 7191
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Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies
Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886520
Category: Religion
Page: 310
View: 7866
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Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.

Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights


Author: Abdulaziz Sachedina
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199741697
Category: Religion
Page: 272
View: 3743
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In 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the International Declaration of Human Rights, a document designed to hold both individuals and nations accountable for their treatment of fellow human beings, regardless of religious or cultural affiliations. Since then, the compatibility of Islam and human rights has emerged as a particularly thorny issue of international concern, and has been addressed by Muslim rulers, conservatives, and extremists, as well as Western analysts and policymakers; all have commonly agreed that Islamic theology and human rights cannot coexist. Abdulaziz Sachedina rejects this informal consensus, arguing instead for the essential compatibility of Islam and human rights. He offers a balanced and incisive critique of Western experts who have ignored or underplayed the importance of religion to the development of human rights, contending that any theory of universal rights necessarily emerges out of particular cultural contexts. At the same time, he re-examines the juridical and theological traditions that form the basis of conservative Muslim objections to human rights, arguing that Islam, like any culture, is open to development and change. Finally, and most importantly, Sachedina articulates a fresh position that argues for a correspondence between Islam and secular notions of human rights.

Religion and the Global Politics of Human Rights


Author: Thomas F. Banchoff,Robert Wuthnow
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195343387
Category: Political Science
Page: 324
View: 987
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Are human rights universal or the product of specific cultures? The contributors to this volume address this and many other questions as they examine, through a bottom-up approach, the interaction of human rights and religion in practice and the challenges they pose for national and international policymakers

Religious Human Rights in Global Perspective

Religious Perspectives
Author: John (jurista) Witte,Johan David Van der Vyver,Van der Vyver, J. D.
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041101761
Category: Political Science
Page: 597
View: 7759
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In this 'Dickensian century' of human rights, the world has cultivated the best of religious rights protections, but witnessed the worst of religious rights abuses. In this volume, Jimmy Carter, John T. Noonan, Jr., and a score of leading jurists assess critically and comparatively the religious rights laws and practices of the international community and of selected states in the Atlantic continents. This volume and its companion Religious Human Rights in Global Perspective: Religious Perspectives are products of an ongoing project on religion, human rights and democracy undertaken by the Law and Religion Program at Emory University.

Faith and Freedom

Women's Human Rights in the Muslim World
Author: Mahnaz Afkhami
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815626671
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 3053
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Papers chiefly presented at a conference titled "Religion, culture, and women's human rights in the Muslim world," held Sept. 9-10, 1994 at the American University in Washington, D.C., and sponsored by Sisterhood Is Global Institute.