Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa


Author: B. Soares,R. Otayek
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230607101
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
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Political liberalization and economic reform, the weakening of the state, and increased global interconnections have all had profound effects on Muslim societies and the practice of Islam in Africa. The contributors to this volume investigate and illuminate the changes that have occurred in Africa, through detailed case studies.

Säkularer Staat und islamische Gesellschaft

die Beziehungen zwischen Staat, Sufi-Bruderschaften und islamischer Reformbewegung in Senegal im 20. Jahrhundert
Author: Roman Loimeier
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783825850395
Category: Islam and politics
Page: 479
View: 4324
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Demokratisierung und islamisches Recht

der Scharia-Konflikt in Nigeria
Author: Johannes Harnischfeger
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593380094
Category: Democracy
Page: 280
View: 1493
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Islamic Education in Africa

Writing Boards and Blackboards
Author: Robert Launay
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253023181
Category: Religion
Page: 336
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Writing boards and blackboards are emblematic of two radically different styles of education in Islam. The essays in this lively volume address various aspects of the expanding and evolving range of educational choices available to Muslims in sub-Saharan Africa. Contributors from the United States, Europe, and Africa evaluate classical Islamic education in Africa from colonial times to the present, including changes in pedagogical methods--from sitting to standing, from individual to collective learning, from recitation to analysis. Also discussed are the differences between British, French, Belgian, and Portuguese education in Africa and between mission schools and Qur'anic schools; changes to the classical Islamic curriculum; the changing intent of Islamic education; the modernization of pedagogical styles and tools; hybrid forms of religious and secular education; the inclusion of women in Qur'anic schools; and the changing notion of what it means to be an educated person in Africa. A new view of the role of Islamic education, especially its politics and controversies in today's age of terrorism, emerges from this broadly comparative volume.

Islam, Politics, Anthropology


Author: Filippo Osella,Benjamin Soares
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444324419
Category: Religion
Page: 256
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Part of The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute SpecialIssue Book Series, Islam, Politics, Anthropology offerscritical reflections on past and current studies of Islam andpolitics in anthropology and charts new analytical approaches toexamining Islam in the post-9/11 world. Challenges current and past approaches to the study of Islamand Muslim politics in anthropology Offers a critical comprehensive review of past and currentliterature on the subject Presents innovative ethnographic description and analysis ofeveryday Muslim politics in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, andNorth America Proposes new analytical approaches to the study of Islam andMuslim politics

Islamic Reform and Political Change in Northern Nigeria


Author: Roman Loimeier
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 0810128101
Category: History
Page: 441
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The 1970s and 1980s were times of political and religious turmoil in Nigeria, characterized by governmental upheaval, and aggressive confrontations between the Sufi brotherhoods and the Izala movement. In Islamic Reform and Political Change in Northern Nigeria, Roman Loimeier explores the intermeshing of religion in the struggle for political influence and preservation of the interests of Nigerian Muslims. Loimeier's careful scholarship combines astute readings of the work of previous scholars--both published and unpublished--with archival material and the findings of his own fieldwork in Nigeria. His work fills a substantial gap in contemporary Nigerian studies. This book provides invaluable and essential reading for serious students of Nigerian politics and of Islamic movements in Africa.

Political Islam in West Africa

State-society Relations Transformed
Author: William F. S. Miles
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 221
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Exploring the politics of the Sahel region of Africa, this collection of essays shows how the emergence of political Islam has transformed state-society relations.

Islamic Society and State Power in Senegal

Disciples and Citizens in Fatick
Author: Leonardo A. Villalón
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521032322
Category: Political Science
Page: 360
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The Sufi Muslim orders to which the vast majority of Senegalese belong are the most significant institutions of social organization in the country. While studies of Islam and politics have tended to focus on the destabilizing force of religiously based groups, Leonardo Villalon argues that in Senegal the orders have been a central component of a political system that has been among the most stable in Africa. Focusing on a regional administrative center, he combines a detailed account of grassroots politics with an analysis of national and international forces to examine the ways in which the internal dynamics of the orders shape the exercise of power by the Senegalese state. This is a major study that should be read by every student of Islam and politics as well as of Africa.

Islamic Reform in Twentieth-Century Africa


Author: Roman Loimeier
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 1474414915
Category: Religion
Page: 560
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The first comprehensive analysis of Muslim movements of reform in modern sub-Saharan AfricaBased on twelve case studies (Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar and the Comoros), this book looks at patterns and peculiarities of different traditions of Islamic reform. Considering both Sufi- and Salafi-oriented movements in their respective historical contexts, it stresses the importance of the local context to explain the different trajectories of development.The book studies the social, religious and political impact of these reform movements in both historical and contemporary times and asks why some have become successful as popular mass movements, while others failed to attract substantial audiences. It also considers jihad-minded movements in contemporary Mali, northern Nigeria and Somalia and looks at modes of transnational entanglement of movements of reform. Against the background of a general inquiry into what constitutes areform, the text responds to the question of what areform actually means for Muslims in contemporary Africa.Key featuresBiographies of reformist scholars complement the textCase studies are placed in the context of the dynamics of areform in the larger world of IslamAddresses the importance of trans-national entanglements and their formative powerFocuses on the dynamics of social and religious development, the political dynamics of Islamic areform and issues of youth, generational change and gender

Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam
Author: Douglas Murray
Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag
ISBN: 3960921802
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 5380
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Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.

Christliche Rituale im Wandel

Schlaglichter aus theologischer und religionswissenschaftlicher Sicht
Author: Hans Gerald Hödl,Johann Pock,Teresa Schweighofer
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847007785
Category: Religion
Page: 266
View: 9244
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Rituale boomen. Doch die Kirchen haben ihr Monopol auf Rituale verloren. Der vorliegende Band identifiziert unterschiedliche Formen dieses rituellen Wandels und benennt Forschungsfelder bzw. –fragen: die Ritualdynamik wird am Beispiel der »Celestial Church« und einem evangelikalen Gottesdienst untersucht und ritualdynamische Prozesse werden anhand evangelischer und katholischer Trauungsrituale erforscht. Die Beiträge im dritten Abschnitt befassen sich mit der Entwicklung neuer Rituale und ritueller Elemente. Hierfür werden Erkenntnisse aus Familienkonstellationen für die Ritualpraxis oder die »religionshybride Festkultur« in den Blick genommen. Der Band schließt mit grundlegenden Beiträgen zur »rituellen Erfahrung« und zu Veränderungen in der rituell-liturgischen Landschaft. Rituals are booming, whilst at the same time Christian churches have lost their monopoly on ritual and their traditional forms of ritual life have undergone significant transformations as well. In this volume, the contributors explore ritual change occurring within that field and outline research questions connected to it. Ritual dynamics are regarded paradigmatically in a thick description of the rites of the West-African “Celestial Church of Christ” and one Central European Evangelical worship service, whilst a look at Evangelical and Catholic wedding rites shows the diversity of ritual changes within “mainstream Christianity”. Inner and post-Christian transformations and developments of rituals are identified, from family-based ritual practices to a culture of celebration that uses elements adopted from different religions. The volume concludes with fundamental contributions to “ritual experience” and changes in the landscape of Christian liturgy.

Religion and National Integration in Africa

Islam, Christianity, and Politics in the Sudan and Nigeria
Author: John O. Hunwick
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 9780810110373
Category: Political Science
Page: 176
View: 9653
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Social Welfare in Muslim Societies in Africa


Author: Holger Weiss
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
ISBN: 9789171064813
Category: Social Science
Page: 189
View: 1839
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In recent decades there has been an increasing attempt by Muslim intellectuals to reflect on the provision of social welfare in Muslim societies in Africa. One reason for this is the few, if not non-existent, possibilities of the states to provide for the basic needs of their subjects, a situation that has become painfully evident in most African states not only the Muslim ones. However, public as well as private provision of social welfare is not a new phenomenon in the Muslim world. "This book deals with a most important and previously largely overlooked theme. In the current situation, when economically weak African states have great problems providing social amenities for their people, the welfare activities of Islamic -- and other -- non-governmental organizations have become especially important. This book provides a number of theoretically and, in particular, empirically interesting and valuable discussions on various kinds of Muslim social welfare in a number of African countries." -- David Westerlund, Associate Professor, Faculty of Theology, Uppsala University, Sweden

Islam and Politics in East Africa

The Sufi Order in Tanzania
Author: August H. Nimtz, Jr.
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 0816658366
Category: History
Page: 256
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Islam and Politics in East Africa was first published in 1980. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. Focusing on the interplay of religion, society, and politics, August Nimtz examines the role of sufi tariqas (brotherhoods) in Tanzania, where he observed an African Muslim society at first hand. Nimtz opens this book with a historical account of Islam in East Africa, and in subsequent chapters analyzes the role of tariqas in Tanzania and, more specifically, in the coastal city of Bagamoyo. Using a conceptual framework derived from contemporary political theories on social cleavages and individual interests. Nimtz explains why the tariqa is important in the process of political change. The fundamental cleavage in Muslim East Africa, he notes, is that of "whites" versus blacks. Nimtz contends that the tariqus, in serving the interest of blacks (that is, Africans), became in turn vehicles for the mass mobilization of African Muslims during the anti-colonial struggle. In Bagamoyo he finds a similar process and, in addition, reveals that the tariqas have served African interests in opposition to those of "whites" because of the individual benefits they provide. At the same time, Nimtz concludes, the social structure of East African Muslim society has ensured that Africans would be particularly attracted to these benefits. This work will interest both observers of African political development and specialists in the Islamic studies.

The History of Islam in Africa


Author: Nehemia Levtzion,Randall Pouwels
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821444611
Category: History
Page: 591
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The history of the Islamic faith on the continent of Africa spans fourteen centuries. For the first time in a single volume, The History of Islam in Africa presents a detailed historic mapping of the cultural, political, geographic, and religious past of this significant presence on a continent-wide scale. Bringing together two dozen leading scholars, this comprehensive work treats the historical development of the religion in each major region and examines its effects. Without assuming prior knowledge of the subject on the part of its readers, The History of Islam in Africa is broken down into discrete areas, each devoted to a particular place or theme and each written by experts in that particular arena. The introductory chapters examine the principal “gateways” from abroad through which Islam traditionally has influenced Africans. The following two parts present overviews of Islamic history in West Africa and the Sudanic zone, and in subequatorial Africa. In the final section, the authors discuss important themes that have had an impact on Muslim communities in Africa. Designed as both a reference and a text, The History of Islam in Africa will be an essential tool for libraries, scholars, and students of this growing field.

Narrative islamischer Konversion

Biographische Erzählungen konvertierter Muslime in Ostafrika
Author: Tabea Scharrer
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839421845
Category: Social Science
Page: 404
View: 5835
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Der Konvertit - das unbekannte Wesen. Anhand von verschiedenen autobiographischen Erzählungen ostafrikanischer Konvertiten zum Islam untersucht Tabea Scharrer, welche Rolle die Konversion im jeweiligen Lebensverlauf spielte. Sie zeigt, dass die Begründungsmuster entgegen gängiger Vermutungen nicht die Ursache für die Konversion abbilden, sondern vielmehr von den aktiven islamischen Missionsbewegungen beeinflusst sind. Im multireligiösen Ostafrika führt dies dazu, dass das Element der religiösen Abgrenzung eine große Rolle in den Narrativen einnimmt. Zudem sind die Erzählungen von individueller Suche nach einem Platz in der Gesellschaft geprägt.

Pride, Faith, and Fear

Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Charlotte A. Quinn,Frederick Quinn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198022862
Category: Religion
Page: 184
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While nearly one in every five people in the world today is Muslim, Islam is spreading most rapidly in Sub-Saharan Africa, where one in three Africans today practices a form of Islam. Sub-Saharan Africa is today home to over 150 million Muslims. Although immensely varied, African Islam, the authors demonstrate, is defined by three overarching beliefs. First, African Islam is local Islam, with no ordained clergy or international body to regulate doctrine. At the same time, the importance of Islam as a source of communal identity, both within African societies and as part of the worldwide Islamic community, is a defining feature of the African Muslim worldview. Finally, there is a pervasive belief among African Muslims that the West is on a new crusade against Islam. At a time of growing interest in the worldwide expansion of Islam, the Islamic revival in Africa deserves special attention. With in-depth coverage of Islam in countries across Sub-Saharan Africa, Pride, Faith, and Fear provides both a general overview of African Islam and a detailed picture of Muslim politics--which are increasingly national politics--in some of Africa's most populous regions.

Religion and politics in Africa


Author: Jeffrey Haynes
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781856493918
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 411
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This is an analysis of the interaction between politics and religious groups in post-independence Africa. The book focuses on the three main religious traditions - Christian, Islamic and the variety of "syncretistic" movements. The author's thematic and comparative approach embraces Anglophone, Francophone and Lusophone Africa, and seeks to locate the role of religion in the African political process in its historical, social and international contexts.

Islam and Politics in Kenya


Author: Arye Oded
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781555879297
Category: Political Science
Page: 236
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This work analyzes the role of Islam in contemporary Kenyan politics and society and the role of Kenya's 5 million Muslims - an increasingly important minority group in a largely Christian country.

Muslim Brotherhoods in Nineteenth-Century Africa


Author: B. G. Martin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521534512
Category: History
Page: 284
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Professor Martin considers the social and political aspects of the revival of the Muslim brotherhoods, or sufi in the nineteenth century. This revival had as its main goal the defence of Islam, and though it the sufi orders acquired great, and indeed unprecedented, political and social influence.