Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa

Author: Benjamin F. Soares,René Otayek
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781403979643
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 8424
Political liberalization and economic reform, the weakening of the state and increased global interconnections have had a profound effect on Muslim societies in Africa. This book investigate these changes, through case studies of Muslim youth activists, Islamic NGO's, debates about Islamic law, secularism and minority rights.

Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa

Author: B. Soares,R. Otayek
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230607101
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 5199
Political liberalization and economic reform, the weakening of the state, and increased global interconnections have all had profound effects on Muslim societies and the practice of Islam in Africa. The contributors to this volume investigate and illuminate the changes that have occurred in Africa, through detailed case studies.

Islam, Politics, Anthropology

Author: Filippo Osella,Benjamin Soares
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444324419
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 7787
Part of The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute SpecialIssue Book Series, Islam, Politics, Anthropology offerscritical reflections on past and current studies of Islam andpolitics in anthropology and charts new analytical approaches toexamining Islam in the post-9/11 world. Challenges current and past approaches to the study of Islamand Muslim politics in anthropology Offers a critical comprehensive review of past and currentliterature on the subject Presents innovative ethnographic description and analysis ofeveryday Muslim politics in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, andNorth America Proposes new analytical approaches to the study of Islam andMuslim politics

Islamic Reform in Twentieth-Century Africa

Author: Roman Loimeier
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 1474414915
Category: Religion
Page: 560
View: 6837
The first comprehensive analysis of Muslim movements of reform in modern sub-Saharan AfricaBased on twelve case studies (Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar and the Comoros), this book looks at patterns and peculiarities of different traditions of Islamic reform. Considering both Sufi- and Salafi-oriented movements in their respective historical contexts, it stresses the importance of the local context to explain the different trajectories of development.The book studies the social, religious and political impact of these reform movements in both historical and contemporary times and asks why some have become successful as popular mass movements, while others failed to attract substantial audiences. It also considers jihad-minded movements in contemporary Mali, northern Nigeria and Somalia and looks at modes of transnational entanglement of movements of reform. Against the background of a general inquiry into what constitutes areform, the text responds to the question of what areform actually means for Muslims in contemporary Africa.Key featuresBiographies of reformist scholars complement the textCase studies are placed in the context of the dynamics of areform in the larger world of IslamAddresses the importance of trans-national entanglements and their formative powerFocuses on the dynamics of social and religious development, the political dynamics of Islamic areform and issues of youth, generational change and gender

Islamic Reform and Political Change in Northern Nigeria

Author: Roman Loimeier
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 0810128101
Category: History
Page: 441
View: 1094
The 1970s and 1980s were times of political and religious turmoil in Nigeria, characterized by governmental upheaval, and aggressive confrontations between the Sufi brotherhoods and the Izala movement. In Islamic Reform and Political Change in Northern Nigeria, Roman Loimeier explores the intermeshing of religion in the struggle for political influence and preservation of the interests of Nigerian Muslims. Loimeier's careful scholarship combines astute readings of the work of previous scholars--both published and unpublished--with archival material and the findings of his own fieldwork in Nigeria. His work fills a substantial gap in contemporary Nigerian studies. This book provides invaluable and essential reading for serious students of Nigerian politics and of Islamic movements in Africa.

Demokratisierung und islamisches Recht

der Scharia-Konflikt in Nigeria
Author: Johannes Harnischfeger
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593380094
Category: Democracy
Page: 280
View: 5970

Social Welfare in Muslim Societies in Africa

Author: Holger Weiss
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
ISBN: 9789171064813
Category: Social Science
Page: 189
View: 1044
In recent decades there has been an increasing attempt by Muslim intellectuals to reflect on the provision of social welfare in Muslim societies in Africa. One reason for this is the few, if not non-existent, possibilities of the states to provide for the basic needs of their subjects, a situation that has become painfully evident in most African states not only the Muslim ones. However, public as well as private provision of social welfare is not a new phenomenon in the Muslim world. "This book deals with a most important and previously largely overlooked theme. In the current situation, when economically weak African states have great problems providing social amenities for their people, the welfare activities of Islamic -- and other -- non-governmental organizations have become especially important. This book provides a number of theoretically and, in particular, empirically interesting and valuable discussions on various kinds of Muslim social welfare in a number of African countries." -- David Westerlund, Associate Professor, Faculty of Theology, Uppsala University, Sweden

Narrative islamischer Konversion

Biographische Erzählungen konvertierter Muslime in Ostafrika
Author: Tabea Scharrer
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839421845
Category: Social Science
Page: 404
View: 9759
Der Konvertit - das unbekannte Wesen. Anhand von verschiedenen autobiographischen Erzählungen ostafrikanischer Konvertiten zum Islam untersucht Tabea Scharrer, welche Rolle die Konversion im jeweiligen Lebensverlauf spielte. Sie zeigt, dass die Begründungsmuster entgegen gängiger Vermutungen nicht die Ursache für die Konversion abbilden, sondern vielmehr von den aktiven islamischen Missionsbewegungen beeinflusst sind. Im multireligiösen Ostafrika führt dies dazu, dass das Element der religiösen Abgrenzung eine große Rolle in den Narrativen einnimmt. Zudem sind die Erzählungen von individueller Suche nach einem Platz in der Gesellschaft geprägt.

Islamic Society and State Power in Senegal

Disciples and Citizens in Fatick
Author: Leonardo A. Villalón
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521032322
Category: Political Science
Page: 360
View: 6881
The Sufi Muslim orders to which the vast majority of Senegalese belong are the most significant institutions of social organization in the country. While studies of Islam and politics have tended to focus on the destabilizing force of religiously based groups, Leonardo Villalon argues that in Senegal the orders have been a central component of a political system that has been among the most stable in Africa. Focusing on a regional administrative center, he combines a detailed account of grassroots politics with an analysis of national and international forces to examine the ways in which the internal dynamics of the orders shape the exercise of power by the Senegalese state. This is a major study that should be read by every student of Islam and politics as well as of Africa.

Political Islam in West Africa

State-society Relations Transformed
Author: William F. S. Miles
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
Category: Political Science
Page: 221
View: 3426
Exploring the politics of the Sahel region of Africa, this collection of essays shows how the emergence of political Islam has transformed state-society relations.

Women and Islamic Revival in a West African Town

Author: Adeline Masquelier
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253003466
Category: Religion
Page: 376
View: 6816
In the small town of Dogondoutchi, Niger, Malam Awal, a charismatic Sufi preacher, was recruited by local Muslim leaders to denounce the practices of reformist Muslims. Malam Awal's message has been viewed as a mixed blessing by Muslim women who have seen new definitions of Islam and Muslim practice impact their place and role in society. This study follows the career of Malam Awal and documents the engagement of women in the religious debates that are refashioning their everyday lives. Adeline Masquelier reveals how these women have had to define Islam on their own terms, especially as a practice that governs education, participation in prayer, domestic activities, wedding customs, and who wears the veil and how. Masquelier's richly detailed narrative presents new understandings of what it means to be a Muslim woman in Africa today.

Religion and National Integration in Africa

Islam, Christianity, and Politics in the Sudan and Nigeria
Author: John O. Hunwick
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 9780810110373
Category: Political Science
Page: 176
View: 4027

Islam and the European Empires

Author: David Motadel
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191030260
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 1792
At the height of the imperial age, European powers ruled over most parts of the Islamic world. The British, French, Russian, and Dutch empires each governed more Muslims than any independent Muslim state. European officials believed Islam to be of great political significance, and were quite cautious when it came to matters of the religious life of their Muslim subjects. In the colonies, they regularly employed Islamic religious leaders and institutions to bolster imperial rule. At the same time, the European presence in Muslim lands was confronted by religious resistance movements and Islamic insurgency. Across the globe, from the West African savanna to the shores of Southeast Asia, Muslim rebels called for holy war against non-Muslim intruders. Islam and the European Empires presents the first comparative account of the engagement of all major European empires with Islam. Bringing together fifteen of the world's leading scholars in the field, the volume explores a wide array of themes, ranging from the accommodation of Islam under imperial rule to Islamic anti-colonial resistance. A truly global history of empire, the volume makes a major contribution not only to our knowledge of the intersection of Islam and imperialism, but also more generally to our understanding of religion and power in the modern world.

Radical Islam in East Africa

Author: Angel Rabasa
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833045199
Category: Political Science
Page: 91
View: 6111
American geopolitical interests and the potential threats to those interests are both on the rise in East Africa. The author places the spread of militant Islamism and the development of radical Islamist networks in East Africa in the broader context of the social, economic, and political factors that have shaped the region's security environment.

Muslim Ethiopia

The Christian Legacy, Identity Politics, and Islamic Reformism
Author: Terje Østebø
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137322098
Category: Social Science
Page: 267
View: 2574
Drawing on international and multidisciplinary expertise, this pioneering edited collection analyzing Islam in contemporary Ethiopia challenges the popular notion of a 'Christian Ethiopia' imagined as the century-old, never colonized Abyssinia, isolated in the highlands and dominated by Orthodox Christianity.

Der Islam in der Gegenwart

Author: Werner Ende,Udo Steinbach,Renate Laut
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406534478
Category: Civilization, Islamic
Page: 1064
View: 3053

The History of Islam in Africa

Author: Nehemia Levtzion,Randall Pouwels
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821444611
Category: History
Page: 591
View: 7242
The history of the Islamic faith on the continent of Africa spans fourteen centuries. For the first time in a single volume, The History of Islam in Africa presents a detailed historic mapping of the cultural, political, geographic, and religious past of this significant presence on a continent-wide scale. Bringing together two dozen leading scholars, this comprehensive work treats the historical development of the religion in each major region and examines its effects. Without assuming prior knowledge of the subject on the part of its readers, The History of Islam in Africa is broken down into discrete areas, each devoted to a particular place or theme and each written by experts in that particular arena. The introductory chapters examine the principal “gateways” from abroad through which Islam traditionally has influenced Africans. The following two parts present overviews of Islamic history in West Africa and the Sudanic zone, and in subequatorial Africa. In the final section, the authors discuss important themes that have had an impact on Muslim communities in Africa. Designed as both a reference and a text, The History of Islam in Africa will be an essential tool for libraries, scholars, and students of this growing field.

Islam and Social Change in French West Africa

History of an Emancipatory Community
Author: Sean Hanretta
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521899710
Category: History
Page: 311
View: 7819
Exploring the history and religious community of a group of Muslim Sufi mystics in colonial French West Africa, this study shows the relationship between religious, social and economic change in the region. It highlights the role that intellectuals played in shaping social and cultural change and illuminates the specific religious ideas and political contexts that gave their efforts meaning. In contrast to depictions that emphasize the importance of international networks and anti-modern reaction in twentieth-century Islamic reform, this book claims that, in West Africa, such movements were driven by local forces and constituted only the most recent round in a set of centuries-old debates about the best way for pious people to confront social injustice. It argues that traditional historical methods prevent an appreciation of Muslim intellectual history in Africa by misunderstanding the nature of information gathering during colonial rule and misconstruing the relationship between documents and oral history.

Political Domination in Africa

Author: Patrick Chabal
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521311489
Category: Political Science
Page: 211
View: 3185
This collection of essays brings together historians and political scientists from Britain, France and the United States, who, from widely differing perspectives and traditions, have been involved in the process of rethinking African politics. They present here the outline of a new approach, grounded in universal political theory rather than on theories of Third World political development. This seeks to integrate the history of Africa (from pre- to post-colonial) with concepts of political theory as they have been applied historically to the analysis of Europe and America. The book addresses a wide audience: students of African history and politics, of Third World development and of political theory.

Muslim Brotherhoods in Nineteenth-Century Africa

Author: B. G. Martin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521534512
Category: History
Page: 284
View: 7321
Professor Martin considers the social and political aspects of the revival of the Muslim brotherhoods, or sufi in the nineteenth century. This revival had as its main goal the defence of Islam, and though it the sufi orders acquired great, and indeed unprecedented, political and social influence.