Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies
Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199717514
Category: Religion
Page: 310
View: 2899
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Islam's relationship to liberal-democratic politics has emerged as one of the most pressing and contentious issues in international affairs. In Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy, Nader Hashemi challenges the widely held belief among social scientists that religious politics and liberal-democratic development are structurally incompatible. This book argues for a rethinking of democratic theory so that it incorporates the variable of religion in the development of liberal democracy. In the process, it proves that an indigenous theory of Muslim secularism is not only possible, but is a necessary requirement for the advancement of liberal democracy in Muslim societies.

Reformiert euch!

Warum der Islam sich ändern muss
Author: Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641174627
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 3213
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Das wichtigste Buch zur Islam-Debatte: Ayaan Hirsi Ali und ihr Plädoyer für eine Reformation des Islam Ihre eigene Biographie und intime Kenntnis der islamischen Gesellschaften und Kultur sowie ihre Forschungen machen Ayaan Hirsi Ali zu einer der wichtigsten Stimmen in der Debatte über den Islam. Ihr neues, von Optimismus getragenes Buch, an dem sie seit Jahren arbeitet, kommt im richtigen Moment: Es nimmt die Terroranschläge in Paris zum Ausgangspunkt, bietet fundierte Einordnung und Hintergründe, vor allem aber bezieht Hirsi Ali klar Stellung: gegen einen erstarrten Islam und dessen Tolerierung durch den Westen. Und für eine Reformation ihrer Religion durch die Muslime, die sie bereits auf dem Weg sieht.

Demokratie und Islam

Theoretische und empirische Studien
Author: Ahmet Cavuldak,Oliver Hidalgo,Philipp W. Hildmann,Holger Zapf
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531198335
Category: Political Science
Page: 487
View: 6307
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Der Islam zählt heute zu den größten Herausforderungen für den demokratischen Rechtsstaat. Außenpolitisch stehen die Transformationsprozesse in der arabischen Welt, innenpolitisch die Integration muslimischer Migranten im Fokus. Die Angst vor einer fundamentalistischen Unterwanderung der Demokratie sowie die oft schwer zu ziehende Grenze zwischen Islam und Islamismus sorgen in der Öffentlichkeit für Verunsicherung. Nur selten wird der Islam als demokratieaffiner Faktor wahrgenommen. Der Band legt in diesem schwierigen Forschungsfeld fundierte und differenzierte Expertisen vor. Er reflektiert die Komplexität des Verhältnisses von Demokratie und Islam, taxiert Chancen und Risiken und gleicht vorhandene Befunde ab. Dabei wird geprüft, welchen Beitrag islamische Demokratievorstellungen in der Debatte leisten und ob die westlichen Gesellschaften ihrerseits zur Neubestimmung der Beziehung zwischen Politik und Religion gezwungen sind.

Tage des Zorns

Die arabische Revolution verändert die Welt
Author: Michael Lüders
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406622917
Category: History
Page: 207
View: 6778
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Große historische Umwälzungen geschehen oft unerwartet. So war es im Herbst 1989 beim Zusammenbruch des Ostblocks, und so war es im Frühling 2011, als die arabische Welt sich in «Tagen des Zorns» gegen ihre Diktatoren erhob. Erst Tunesien, dann Ägypten, schließlich Libyen und Syrien: nach kurzer Zeit stand die ganze arabische Welt in Flammen. Und im Westen rieb man sich erstaunt die Augen. Michael Lüders erklärt in diesem Buch, wie es zur arabischen Revolution kommen konnte, warum sie sich wie ein Lauffeuer ausbreitete und was sie für uns in Europa bedeutet. Dabei stellt er die gängigen Klischees über die Region infrage, führt prägnant und anschaulich in die Verhältnisse ein und zeigt, wie sich unser Blick auf die arabische Welt und den Islam ändern muss, wenn wir den neuen Herausforderungen gerecht werden wollen. Bisher glaubte die westliche Politik, sich mit Hilfe von menschenverachtenden Despoten Stabilität und Sicherheit im Nahen Osten erkaufen zu können. Eine Demokratisierung der arabischen Welt, so die Befürchtung, bedeute den Sieg der Islamisten. Die Zukunft ist offen. Aber eines ist jetzt schon klar: Wir brauchen eine andere Wahrnehmung dieser Weltgegend, in der auch Arabern und Muslimen das Streben nach Freiheit und Demokratie zugestanden wird.

Reading the Qur'an

The Contemporary Relevance of the Sacred Text of Islam
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199911495
Category: Religion
Page: 432
View: 789
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"I grew up reading the Qur'an on my mother's lap," writes Ziauddin Sardar. "It's an experience I share with most Muslim children. And so it is that our connection to the Qur'an is infused with associations of the warmest and most enduring of human bonds." In Reading the Qur'an, Sardar--one of Europe's leading public intellectuals--laments that for far too many Muslims, the Qur'an he had learned in his mother's lap has become a stick used for ensuring conformity and suppressing dissenting views. Indeed, some find in the Qur'an justification for misogyny, validation for hatred of others, an obsession with dress and mindless ritual, rules for running modern states. Arguing passionately but reasonably against these trends, Sardar speaks out for a more open, less doctrinaire approach to reading the Qur'an. He contends that the Qur'an is not fixed in stone for all time, but a dynamic text which every generation must encounter anew, and whose relevance and implications for our time we have yet to fully discover. The words of the Qur'an imply movement: the religious life, it tells us, is not about standing still but always striving to make our life, our society, the entire world around us a better place for everyone. Sardar explores the Qur'an from a variety of perspectives, from traditional exegesis to hermeneutics, critical theory, and cultural analysis, drawing fresh and contemporary lessons from the Sacred Text. He also examines what the Qur'an says about such contemporary topics as power and politics, rights of women, suicide, domestic violence, sex, homosexuality, the veil, freedom of expression, and evolution. Ziauddin Sardar opens a new window on this remarkable Sacred Text, in a book that will engage all devout Muslims and will interest anyone curious about the Qur'an and Islam today.

Edinburgh Companion to the History of Democracy


Author: Benjamin Isakhan
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748653686
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 8607
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Re-examines the long and complex history of democracy and broadens the traditional view of this history by complementing it with examples from unexplored or under-examined quarters.

From Religious Empires to Secular States

State Secularization in Turkey, Iran, and Russia
Author: Birol Başkan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317802047
Category: Political Science
Page: 202
View: 3223
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In the 1920s and the 1930s, Turkey, Iran and Russia vehemently pursued state-secularizing reforms, but adopted different strategies in doing so. But why do states follow different secularizing strategies? The literature has already shattered the illusion that secularization of the state has been a unilinear, homogeneous and universal process, and has convincingly shown that secularization of the state has unfolded along different paths. Much, however, remains to be uncovered. This book provides an in-depth comparative historical analysis of state secularization in three major Eurasian countries: Turkey, Iran and Russia. To capture the aforementioned variation in state secularization across three countries that have been hitherto analyzed as separate studies, Birol Başkan adopts three modes of state secularization: accommodationism, separationism and eradicationism. Focusing thematically on the changing relations between the state and religious institutions, Başkan brings together a host of factors, historical, strategic and structural, to account for why Turkey adopted accommodationism, Iran separationism and Russia eradicationism. In doing so, he expertly demonstrates that each secularization strategy was a rational response to the strategic context the reformers found themselves in.

Muslim Reformers in Iran and Turkey

The Paradox of Moderation
Author: Günes Murat Tezcür
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292773633
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 1729
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Moderation theory describes the process through which radical political actors develop commitments to electoral competition, political pluralism, human rights, and rule of law and come to prefer negotiation, reconciliation, and electoral politics over provocation, confrontation, and contentious action. Revisiting this theory through an examination of two of the most prominent moderate Islamic political forces in recent history, Muslim Reformers in Iran and Turkey analyzes the gains made and methods implemented by the Reform Front in the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Justice and Development Party in Turkey. Both of these groups represent Muslim reformers who came into continual conflict with unelected adversaries who attempted to block their reformist agendas. Based on extensive field research in both locales, Muslim Reformers in Iran and Turkey argues that behavioral moderation as practiced by these groups may actually inhibit democratic progress. Political scientist Güneş Murat Tezcür observes that the ability to implement conciliatory tactics, organize electoral parties, and make political compromises impeded democracy when pursued by the Reform Front and the Justice and Development Party. Challenging conventional wisdom, Tezcür's findings have broad implications for the dynamics of democratic progress.

Understanding Tahrir Square

What Transitions Elsewhere Can Teach Us about the Prospects for Arab Democracy
Author: Stephen R. Grand
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815725175
Category: Political Science
Page: 258
View: 4670
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Amid the current turmoil in the Middle East, Understanding Tahrir Square sounds a rare optimistic note. Surveying countries in other parts of the world during their transitions to democracy, author Stephen Grand argues that the long-term prospects in many parts of the Arab world are actually quite positive. If the current polarization and political violence in the region can be overcome, democracy will eventually take root. The key to this change will likely be ordinary citizens—foremost among them the young protestors of the Arab Spring who have filled the region's public spaces—most famously, Egypt's Tahrir Square. The book puts the Arab Spring in comparative perspective. It reveals how globalization and other changes are upending the expectations of citizens everywhere about the relationship between citizen and state. Separate chapters examine the experiences of countries in the former Eastern bloc, in the Muslim-majority states of Asia, in Latin America, and in Sub-Saharan Africa during the recent Third Wave of democratization. What these cases show is that, at the end of the day, democracy requires democrats. Many complex factors go into making a democracy successful, such as the caliber of its political leaders, the quality of its constitution, and the design of its political institutions. But unless there is clear public demand for new institutions to function as intended, political leaders are unlikely to abide by the limits those institutions impose. If American policymakers want to support the brave activists struggling to bring democracy to the Arab world, helping them cultivate an effective political constituency for democracy—in essence, growing the Tahrir Square base—should be the lodestar of U.S. assistance.

Why the West Fears Islam

An Exploration of Muslims in Liberal Democracies
Author: J. Cesari
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137121203
Category: Social Science
Page: 381
View: 5265
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Jocelyne Cesari examines the idea that Islam might threaten the core values of the West through testimonies from Muslims in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the US. Her book is an unprecedented exploration of Muslim religious and political life based on several years of field work in Europe and in the United States.

The Islamic Quarterly


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Islamic civilization
Page: N.A
View: 3428
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Rethinking Islam and Liberal Democracy

Islamist Women in Turkish Politics
Author: Yesim Arat
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791483169
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 1487
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Examines the experiences of women activists of the Islamist Refah (Welfare) party in Turkey.

Pakistan's Quagmire

Security, Strategy, and the Future of the Islamic-nuclear Nation
Author: Usama Butt,N. Elahi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441191747
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 2592
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International experts analyze Pakistan's security and insurgency issues, looking at the threats posed to and by this nuclear-armed Islamic nation. The only country in Islamic world to be formed in the name of Islam and a nuclear power, Pakistan today is struggling for its very existence and is at war with itself. "Pakistan's Quagmire" focuses on the insurgency in Pakistan, a security problem not only for the country, but also for the region and the rest of the world. To foster a thorough understanding of the many aspects of the issue, the book looks at both theoretical and practical aspects, from international relations, conflict processes, and political Islam to the annihilation of the TTP, the presence of Al-Qaeda in tribal regions, and the role of Pakistani military and agencies. The essays are contributed by international scholars, journalists, economist, nuclear security experts, security analysts, and strategists. A unique contribution, "Pakistan's Quagmire" will be an essential resource for students in conflict processes, security studies, political Islam, and US foreign policy as well as for policymakers and professionals looking to better grasp the quagmire caused by insurgency and the ongoing war on terror in Pakistan.

Freedom of Expression

Secular Theocracy Versus Liberal Democracy
Author: Sita Ram Goel
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 179
View: 6742
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With reference to India; articles most previously published.

Bilqiss


Author: Saphia Azzeddine
Publisher: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach
ISBN: 3803142059
Category: Fiction
Page: 176
View: 7633
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Die junge Witwe Bilqiss soll gesteinigt werden, weil sie anstelle des (betrunkenen) Muezzin zum Morgengebet gerufen hat und zudem (bewiesenermaßen) Make-up, Stöckelschuhe und sogar einen Lyrikband besitzt... Wie irre muss man sein, um in einer Aubergine einen Phallus zu sehen und ihren Kauf nur zerstückelt zu erlauben? Das fragt Bilqiss, die widerspenstige Heldin dieses tragikomischen Romans. Man hat sie verurteilt, man hat sie verdammt, man wird sie steinigen. Bilqiss jedoch lässt sich den Mund nicht verbieten, sie verteidigt sich selbst vor dem überforderten Richter. Tags im Gerichtssaal, nachts in ihrer Zelle, wo er sie bald regelmäßig besucht. Rhetorisch geschickt und außerdem klug entlarvt sie die obszöne Fehlinterpretation des Korans und die scheinheilige Moral, erzwingt Tag um Tag den Aufschub ihrer Hinrichtung. Die Weltöffentlichkeit verfolgt das Ganze in Echtzeit, schon ziert das Antlitz der Angeklagten amerikanische Solidaritäts-Tassen. Eine jüdische Journalistin reist an, um sich selbst ein Bild und eine große Reportage über den Fall zu machen. Wütend, witzig und weise erzählt dieser Roman die Geschichte einer freien Frau in einem islamischen Land. Saphia Azzeddine schreibt mit viel Ironie und leichter Hand, dabei ist es ihr bitter ernst. Bilqiss wird sich nicht beugen, nicht um Verzeihung bitten. Und schließlich wird das Urteil gesprochen.

Secularism Or Democracy?

Associational Governance of Religious Diversity
Author: Veit-Michael Bader
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053569995
Category: Social Science
Page: 386
View: 680
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Policies dealing with religious diversity in liberal democratic states—as well as the established institutions that enforce those policies—are increasingly under pressure. Politics and political theory are caught in a trap between the fully secularized state and neo-corporate regimes of selective cooperation between states and organized religion. This volume proposes an original, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary approach to problems of governing religious diversity—combining moral and political philosophy, constitutional law, history, sociology, and religious anthropology. Drawing on such diverse scholarship, Secularism or Democracy? proposes an associational governance—a moderately libertarian, flexible variety of democratic institutional pluralism—as the plausible third way to overcome the inherent deficiencies of the predominant models.

Tunisian Yankee

Roman
Author: Cécile Oumhani
Publisher: Osburg Verlag
ISBN: 3955101738
Category: Fiction
Page: 350
View: 6517
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Wer ist dieser elegante Soldat mit den dunklen Augen, dem bronzebraunen Teint, den es im Herbst 1917 an Bord eines amerikanischen Truppendampfers nach Saint-Nazaire verschlägt – und den sie "sand nigger" schimpfen? Erst 1912 war er aus Tunis nach New York emigriert, der junge Daoud – aus Protest gegen die Repressalien des französischen Kolonialregimes und seinen Vater, den patriarchalischen Familientyrannen. Im boomenden Einwanderer-Stadtteil Little Syria träumt er mit seiner Elena von einer besseren Zukunft, einem Leben in Freiheit und Selbstbestimmung. Doch die Träume des jungen Migranten geraten ins Getriebe der Weltgeschichte. Juni 1918: Während Darwood, wie er von seinen Kameraden genannt wird, zwischen Wach- und Fieberträumen auf seiner Pritsche im Lazarett nördlich Paris mit einer schweren Kriegsverletzung ringt, ziehen Bilder seiner Vergangenheit an ihm vorbei, tauchen Frauen und Städte aus dem Nebel seines Deliriums auf: Elena und Nora, die italienische Akrobatin aus Palermo, die seine erste große Liebe wird, seine Mutter Zoulikha, an die er rätselhafterweise keine Erinnerung hat, Mouldia, die schwarze Sklavin der Familie, die ihn aufgezogen hat. In ihrem preisgekrönten Roman, der bis 1850 zurück- und tief ins subsaharische Afrika hineinreicht, greift Cécile Oumhani mit der ihr eigenen poetischen Empathie, in einer Sprache von eindringlicher Bildhaftigkeit, Themen auf, die heute erneut von großer Brisanz sind: der allgegenwärtige Rassismus, Menschenhandel und Emigration, Fragen der kulturellen Identität und der weiblichen Emanzipation. Nur wenige Wochen vor dem Amtsantritt Donald Trumps als Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika erschienen, erinnert Tunisian Yankee gerade zur rechten Zeit daran, dass es mitten in New York einmal ein äußerst vitales, pulsierendes orientalisches Viertel gab, dessen Bewohner nicht unerheblich zur kulturellen und intellektuellen Vielfalt der Stadt beitrugen.

Secularism Confronts Islam


Author: Olivier Roy
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231141024
Category: Political Science
Page: 128
View: 7742
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The denunciation of Islamic fundamentalism has slowly evolved into an attack on all Muslims and Islam. This hostility is rooted in the belief that Islam cannot be integrated into secular and liberal society. However, as Olivier Roy makes clear, Muslim intellectuals have made it possible for Muslims to live concretely in a secularized world while maintaining the identity of a "true believer." They have formulated a language that recognizes two spaces: that of religion and that of secular society.Western society is unable to recognize this process, Roy argues, because it assumes religious practice is embedded within a specific, traditional culture. Instead, Roy shows that new forms of religiosity, such as Islamic fundamentalism and Christian evangelicalism, have come to thrive in posttraditional, secular contexts precisely because they remain detached from any cultural background. In recognizing this, Roy recasts the debate concerning Islam and democracy. He distinguishes between Arab and non-Arab Muslims, hegemony and tolerance, and the role of the umma and the sharia in Muslim religious life. Supporting his arguments with extensive research, Roy demonstrates the limits of our understanding of contemporary Islamic religious practice and the role of Islam as a screen onto which Western societies have projected their own identity crisis.

The Islamic Threat

Myth or Reality?
Author: John L. Esposito
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019982665X
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 1799
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Are Islam and the West on a collision course? From the Ayatollah Khomeini to Saddam Hussein, the image of Islam as a militant, expansionist, and rabidly anti-American religion has gripped the minds of Western governments and media. But these perceptions, John L. Esposito writes, stem from a long history of mutual distrust, criticism, and condemnation, and are far too simplistic to help us understand one of the most important political issues of our time. In this new edition of The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?, Esposito places the challenge of Islam in critical perspective. Exploring the vitality of this religion as a global force and the history of its relations with the West, Esposito demonstrates the diversity of the Islamic resurgence--and the mistakes our analysts make in assuming a hostile, monolithic Islam. This third edition has been expanded to include new material on current affairs in Turkey, Afghanistan, Palestine, and Southeast Asia, as well as a discussion of international terrorism.