Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice

Author: Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Law and Justice,Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309068428
Category: Law
Page: 404
View: 8475
Even though youth crime rates have fallen since the mid-1990s, public fear and political rhetoric over the issue have heightened. The Columbine shootings and other sensational incidents add to the furor. Often overlooked are the underlying problems of child poverty, social disadvantage, and the pitfalls inherent to adolescent decisionmaking that contribute to youth crime. From a policy standpoint, adolescent offenders are caught in the crossfire between nurturance of youth and punishment of criminals, between rehabilitation and "get tough" pronouncements. In the midst of this emotional debate, the National Research Council's Panel on Juvenile Crime steps forward with an authoritative review of the best available data and analysis. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents recommendations for addressing the many aspects of America's youth crime problem. This timely release discusses patterns and trends in crimes by children and adolescents--trends revealed by arrest data, victim reports, and other sources; youth crime within general crime; and race and sex disparities. The book explores desistance--the probability that delinquency or criminal activities decrease with age--and evaluates different approaches to predicting future crime rates. Why do young people turn to delinquency? Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents what we know and what we urgently need to find out about contributing factors, ranging from prenatal care, differences in temperament, and family influences to the role of peer relationships, the impact of the school policies toward delinquency, and the broader influences of the neighborhood and community. Equally important, this book examines a range of solutions: Prevention and intervention efforts directed to individuals, peer groups, and families, as well as day care-, school- and community-based initiatives. Intervention within the juvenile justice system. Role of the police. Processing and detention of youth offenders. Transferring youths to the adult judicial system. Residential placement of juveniles. The book includes background on the American juvenile court system, useful comparisons with the juvenile justice systems of other nations, and other important information for assessing this problem.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195385101
Category: Law
Page: 934
View: 766
State-of-the-art critical reviews of recent scholarship on the causes of juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice system responses, and public policies to prevent and reduce youth crime are brought together in a single volume authored by leading scholars and researchers in neuropsychology, developmental and social psychology, sociology, history, criminology/criminal justice, and law.

Juvenile Crime and Justice

Author: William J. Chambliss
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412978580
Category: Law
Page: 336
View: 7386
Presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, and out-of-home placement.

Juvenile Delinquency

Prevention, Assessment, and Intervention
Author: Kirk Heilbrun,Naomi E. Sevin Goldstein,Richard E. Redding
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198036289
Category: Medical
Page: 368
View: 6630
Juvenile offending and anti-social behavior are enormous societal concerns. This broad-reaching volume summarizes the current evidence on prevention, diversion, causes, and rates of delinquency, as well as assessment of risk and intervention needs. A distinguished cast of contributors from law, psychology, and psychiatry describe what we know about interventions in school, community, and residential contexts, focusing particularly on interventions that are risk reducing and cost effective. Equally important, each chapter comments on what is not well supported through research, distinguishing aspects of current practice that are likely to be effective from those that are not and mapping new directions for research, policy, and practice. Finally, the volume provides a description of a model curriculum for training legal and mental health professionals on conducting relevant assessments of adolescents for the courts. Effectively bridging research and practice, this will be an important resource for legal and mental health professionals involved in the juvenile justice system, policy makers seeking humane but effective interventions in the context of society's need for safety, and those involved in teaching about and training in juvenile delinquency.

Juvenile crime and juvenile justice in Hawaii

Author: Meda Chesney-Lind,Wayne Matsuo,University of Pennsylvania. Center for the Study of Youth Policy
Publisher: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 22
View: 7534

Juvenile Justice

International Perspectives, Models and Trends
Author: John A. Winterdyk
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466579676
Category: Law
Page: 410
View: 2164
Juvenile justice has been and remains a topical issue at national and international levels. There are various standards and guidelines for administration, but six major models characterize juvenile justice systems worldwide: participatory, welfare, corporatism, modified justice, justice, and crime control. Juvenile Justice: International Perspectives, Models, and Trends presents contributions by authors from different countries in all five continents employing these six models. The book begins with a comprehensive overview of the topic and the various international standards and guidelines designed to inform juvenile justice practices. This introduction is followed by chapters on individual countries covered independently by resident experts, allowing readers to appreciate a range of comparisons and to critically reflect on the relative merits of the different models. Topics presented in each chapter include: The country’s history of juvenile justice The nature and status of delinquency Current legislation on juvenile justice How well the legislation complies with the Standard Minimum Rules of the Administration of Juvenile Justice as defined by the United Nations The type of juvenile justice model followed Age limits for male and female juvenile offenders Legal and social issues confronting juvenile offenders Current theoretical biases used to explain and justify response to delinquency Future issues, challenges, and/or initiatives Text boxes supply current and relevant examples to contextualize key issues and themes. Each chapter features discussion questions and helpful web links to facilitate further research. Presented in an unbiased manner, the book is a consolidated yet comprehensive overview of juvenile justice models and practices worldwide. It enables readers to compare the relative strengths and weaknesses of different juvenile justice models/systems and to evaluate all countries in light of the larger international phenomena of delinquency.

Juvenile Delinquency

A Justice Perspective
Author: Ralph A. Weisheit,Robert G. Culbertson
Publisher: Waveland PressInc
ISBN: 9781577660903
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
View: 4000
An interdisciplinary, in-depth look at juvenile delinquency written for students. This fourth edition incorporates nine new articles--some on issues which were hardly studied in previous editions. New coverage on historical patterns of responses to juvenile crime, the influence of biology and early experiences on juvenile violence, juvenile crime and schools, gang violence, family factors in the processing of juvenile cases, restorative justice, and the effects of childhood trauma. Also includes a discussion considering the abolition of the juvenile court system. c. Book News Inc.

Juvenile Delinquency

Author: Donald Shoemaker
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0742565807
Category: Social Science
Page: 462
View: 8852
Juvenile Delinquency offers a timely and comprehensive look at the issues of criminal behavior and justice related to young persons. In this highly readable text, Donald J. Shoemaker grounds his readers with a historical perspective, then presents a series of sharply focused chapters on schooling, religion, and family, as well as sections on drug use, gangs, and female delinquency. With a strong emphasis on the importance of theory and practice, Juvenile Delinquency is a must read for understanding crime and youth culture.

Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency

A Comprehensive Framework
Author: James C. Howell
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412956382
Category: Social Science
Page: 377
View: 1800
This text aims to inform students about the latest research and the most promising and effective programs and provides a wealth of information for understanding, preventing and controlling juvenile delinquency. The history of current juvenile justice system policies and practices is examined, including the juvenile violence ′epidemic.′ Key myths about juvenile violence and the ability of the juvenile justice system to handle modern-day juvenile delinquents are discussed in depth. Developmental theories of juvenile delinquency are applied to understanding how juvenile offender careers evolve. Effective prevention and rehabilitation programs and what does not work are reviewed. And finally, a comprehensive framework for building a continuum of effective programs is presented. This book is intended as a supplementary text for undergraduate and graduate courses in juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and violent offender intervention courses. It is also essential reading for juvenile justice and social services research and development specialists.

Juvenile Delinquency

An Integrated Approach
Author: James W. Burfeind,Dawn Jeglum Bartusch
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763736286
Category: Law
Page: 675
View: 6099
Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach provides a thorough examination of the primary theories of delinquency along with the most recent and relevant research in the field. The social contexts of delinquency—families, peers, schools, drugs, and gangs—are considered within the theoretical traditions that most actively address these arenas. With a writing style praised by reviewers and students alike, Burfeind and Bartusch do an outstanding job helping students understand juvenile delinquency.

Recriminalizing Delinquency

Violent Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice Reform
Author: Simon I. Singer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521629201
Category: Political Science
Page: 230
View: 4245
Recriminalizing Delinquency examines attempts to transfer jurisdiction over juveniles accused of violent crime to criminal court.

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency

Author: David W. Springer,Albert R. Roberts
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763760560
Category: Law
Page: 492
View: 8354
"Juvenile Justice and Delinquency" is the first text to comprehensively trace the progress toward resolving critical juvenile justice and delinquency issues, and to provide cutting-edge intervention strategies to effectively rehabilitate juvenile offenders and prevent delinquency. Historical, political, and legal trends are examined and critiqued, as well as the range of developmental, familial, and sociological theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency. Current evidence-based practice, prevention strategies and programs, and juvenile justice treatment and policy alternatives are thoroughly explored.

Juvenile Justice

The Essentials
Author: Richard Lawrence,Mario Hesse
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412970121
Category: Social Science
Page: 313
View: 7871
This textbook presents an overview of the major subject areas in juvenile justice, with some of the latest research available from books, journal articles, and government documents. It includes special features that engage the reader in thinking critically about the subjects, with practical examples of justice in action, laws, policies, and programs in juvenile justice.

Juvenile Delinquency

Author: Donald J. Shoemaker
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442219432
Category: Social Science
Page: 399
View: 3476
Juvenile Delinquency is a comprehensive textbook that covers criminal behavior and justice for young people. Donald J. Shoemaker offers a simple and accessible text for students who are seeking a better understanding of crime and youth culture. With a strong emphasis on the importance of theory and practice, this updated edition of Juvenile Delinquency is a must read for understanding crime and youth culture.

Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

Toward 2000 and Beyond
Author: Australian Institute of Criminology
Publisher: National Gallery of Australia
Category: Juvenile corrections
Page: 68
View: 8517
Papers from a 1997 Australian forum. Issues discussed include: the effectiveness of particular juvenile justice programmes; juvenile recidivism; the rate of criminalisation and incarceration of indigenous young people; issues facing young women; restorative justice.

Juvenile Crime

Current Issues and Background
Author: Lawrence V. Moore
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781590336991
Category: Social Science
Page: 151
View: 5800
Criminal justice professionals and the media have noted the rise of juvenile crime rates nationwide and a growing surge in youth violence. This in turn has highlighted the debate over juvenile transfers to adult courts. Proponents of treating violent juvenile offenders as adults argue that juvenile offenders should be held accountable and receive punishment that is appropriate to the seriousness of their offences and that society must be protected by their removal from law abiding communities. They urge that young offenders must be held accountable for both lesser and more serious crimes, especially when the former offences, if unpunished, may lead offenders to commit the latter. Opponents of treating violent juveniles offenders as adults argue that harsh punishment of juvenile offenders is counterproductive, creating recidivism. Their contention is that youths who are committing crimes should still be tried in juvenile courts rather than adult courts, for a greater effect. This informative book presents all the current issues, problems, ideas, as well as some background on the controversies surrounding juvenile crime.

Juvenile Justice Systems

International Perspectives
Author: John Winterdyk
Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press
ISBN: 9781551302027
Category: Social Science
Page: 556
View: 8506
By the year 2000 more than 50% of the world population will be under the age of 15 (9th UN Congress, 1995). Youth crime is increasing around the world (9th UN Congress, 1995). In September 1997, Canadian Justice Minister, Anne McLellan, declared youth justice as a top priority. These and similar facts speak to the urgency for society to study youth crime and examine youth justice systems from a comparative perspective. As our world gets smaller, we discover the urgency and importance of sharing and learning at a global level. This collection offers a unique opportunity to examine six different juvenile justice systems and youth crime around the world. All eleven articles are original contributions from a distinguished set of experts on juvenile justice in their respective countries. Each contribution examines a set of common elements: defining delinquency, describing the nature and extent of youth crime, examining the administration of youth justice, and discussing issues confronting youth crime. This groundbreaking book will be of interest to students, criminologists, and criminal justice policy-makers who are interested in improving the intervention, treatment, and prevention of youth crime, and the administration of youth justice.

Juvenile Justice

A Reference Handbook
Author: Donald J. Shoemaker,Timothy W. Wolfe
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576076415
Category: Law
Page: 223
View: 5920
An insightful overview of the challenges and emerging solutions surrounding corrections, treatment, and prevention programs for troubled youth. * Includes a detailed chapter containing the most current data on juvenile offenders, juvenile victims, and more * A chronology covers the major events that have shaped our understanding of juvenile delinquency and the development of juvenile justice. Special emphasis is placed on the cyclical nature of the issues and debates regarding delinquency and the juvenile justice system

Juvenile Delinquency

A Sociological Approach
Author: Jack E. Bynum,William Edwin Thompson
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
Category: Social Science
Page: 527
View: 5210
Juvenile delinquency is one of the most complex, interesting, and challenging phenomena in the US. Newspapers, television, and radio bombard us with accounts of juvenile misbehavior and crime which range from truancy to first-degree murder. Consequently, youths who violate the law receive considerable attention from law enforcement officials, social agencies, criminologists, and social and behavioral scientists. This book is guided by the basic premise that juvenile delinquency is inherently social in nature. Thus, any meaningful discussion of delinquency must be expressed in a sociological framework. More specifically, this book approaches delinquency as it relates to and emerges from the youth's family, neighborhood, school, peer group, social class, and overall culture and environment. This edition includes current and controversial topics such as community policing, gun control, hate crimes, the impact of TV violence, boot camps, and capital punishment for juveniles. Sociologists, social workers, law enforcers, teachers, and administrators.

Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law

Author: Larry Siegel,Brandon Welsh
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1111346895
Category: Social Science
Page: 736
View: 541
Unrivaled in its current coverage of topics, the best selling JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: THEORY, PRACTICE, AND LAW, Eleventh Edition, provides an in-depth analysis of the theories of delinquency, environmental issues, juvenile justice issues, and the juvenile justice system. Praised both for its authority and balance as well as for the authors’ ability to engage students in the course, the new Eleventh Edition presents cutting-edge, seminal research, as well as up-to-the-minute policy and newsworthy examples. Offering a timely and objective presentation of juvenile delinquency theory and juvenile justice policy issues, Siegel and Welsh examine opposing sides of controversial aspects of delinquency and delinquency programs in a balanced, unbiased way. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.