Juvenile Justice In America


Author: Clemens Bartollas,Stuart J. Miller Ph.D.
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 0134164466
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 6085
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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. An in-depth look at juvenile justice lets students see into the minds of delinquents, victims, and field professionals. Juvenile Justice in America provides an in-depth look at the lives of juveniles, their experiences in society, and the consequences of those experiences. The text carefully examines the structures, procedures, policies, and problems of American juvenile justice agencies. The Eighth Edition places further emphasis on delinquency prevention, and features a new chapter on juvenile offender populations to give readers a more comprehensive view of delinquents. Boxed features in every chapter highlight the practical realities of working in the juvenile justice system. The careful balance of theory, evidence-based findings, and practical applications gives readers the most up-to-date insight into the state of juvenile justice in America today. Juvenile Justice in America, 8/e is also available via REVEL™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience. Learn more.

Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society

Second Edition
Author: Randall G. Shelden
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478610174
Category: Social Science
Page: 528
View: 6363
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Extensively revised, the second edition blends theory, research, and applications into a superb overview of the complex issues surrounding juvenile delinquency and societys attempts to address juvenile crime. After providing an excellent historical foundation, Shelden presents the theories essential to understanding crime and delinquency. He then explores the system and its effects on juveniles and society, including comprehensive coverage of female delinquency. The social, legal, and political influences on how the public perceives juveniles and the inequality in U.S. society that affects families, communities, and schools are highlighted throughout the book. The concluding chapter looks at solutions that have worked and identifies trends in treating juvenile delinquency. The authors almost four decades of teaching about and researching juveniles and the system make him eminently qualified to offer readers the tools necessary to think critically about delinquency and to evaluate the policies enacted to manage the juveniles who violate the laws. Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society, 2/E provides affordable, up-to-date, easily accessible, and thorough analysis of a significant topic.

Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective


Author: Franklin E. Zimring,Maximo Langer,David S. Tanenhaus
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479843881
Category: Law
Page: 416
View: 2206
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An unprecedented comparison of juvenile justice systems across the globe, Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective brings together original contributions from some of the world's leading voices. While American scholars may have extensive knowledge about other justice systems around the world and how adults are treated, juvenile justice systems and the plight of youth who break the law throughout the world is less often studied. This important volume fills a large gap in the study of juvenile justice by providing an unprecedented comparison of criminal justice and juvenile justice systems across the world, looking for points of comparison and policy variance that can lead to positive change in the United States. Distinguished criminology scholars Franklin Zimring, Máximo Langer, and David Tanenhaus, and the contributors cover countries from Western Europe to rising powers like China, India, and countries in Latin America. The book discusses important issues such as the relationship between political change and juvenile justice, the common labels used to unify juvenile systems in different regions and in different forms of government, the types of juvenile systems that exist and how they differ, and more. Furthermore, the book uses its data on criminal versus juvenile justice in a wide variety of nations to create a new explanation of why separate juvenile and criminal courts are felt to be necessary.

Juvenile justice in America


Author: Clifford E. Simonsen
Publisher: Macmillan Coll Div
ISBN: 9780024105318
Category: Law
Page: 504
View: 469
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Youth Justice in America


Author: Maryam Ahranjani,Andrew G. Ferguson,Jamin B. Raskin
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483319466
Category: Law
Page: 368
View: 7114
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Youth Justice in America, Second Edition engages students in an exciting, informed discussion of the U.S. juvenile justice system and fills a pressing need to make legal issues personally meaningful to young people. Written in a straightforward style by Maryam Ahranjani, Andrew Ferguson and Jamie Raskin – all of whom actively work in the area of juvenile justice -- the book addresses tough, important issues that directly affect today's youth, including the rights of accused juveniles, search and seizure, self-incrimination and confession, right to appeal, and the death penalty for juveniles. Focusing on cases that relate to the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, the subject matter comes alive through a wide variety of in-book learning aids.

American Juvenile Justice


Author: Franklin E. Zimring
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199725365
Category: Law
Page: 264
View: 6949
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American Juvenile Justice is a definitive volume for courses on the criminology and policy analysis of adolescence. The focus is on the principles and policy of a separate and distinct system of juvenile justice. The book opens with an introduction of the creation of adolescence, presenting a justification for the category of the juvenile or a period of partial responsibility before full adulthood. Subsequent sections include empirical investigations of the nature of youth criminality and legal policy toward youth crime. At the heart of the book is an argument for a penal policy that recognizes diminished responsibility and a youth policy that emphasizes the benefits of letting the maturing process continue with minimal interruption. The book concludes with applications of the core concerns to five specific problem areas in current juvenile justice: teen pregnancy, transfer to criminal court, minority overrepresentation, juvenile gun use, and youth homicide.

The War on Kids

How American Juvenile Justice Lost Its Way
Author: Cara H. Drinan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190605553
Category: Law
Page: 232
View: 4675
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In 2003, when Terrence Graham was sixteen, he and three other teens attempted to rob a barbeque restaurant in Jacksonville, Florida. Though they left with no money, and no one was seriously injured, Terrence was sentenced to die in prison for his involvement in that crime. As shocking as Terrence's sentence sounds, it is merely a symptom of contemporary American juvenile justice practices. In the United States, adolescents are routinely transferred out of juvenile court and into adult criminal court without any judicial oversight. Once in adult court, children can be sentenced without regard for their youth. Juveniles are housed in adult correctional facilities, they may be held in solitary confinement, and they experience the highest rates of sexual and physical assault among inmates. Until 2005, children convicted in America's courts were subject to the death penalty; today, they still may be sentenced to die in prison-no matter what efforts they make to rehabilitate themselves. America has waged a war on kids. In The War on Kids, Cara Drinan reveals how the United States went from being a pioneer to an international pariah in its juvenile sentencing practices. Academics and journalists have long recognized the failings of juvenile justice practices in this country and have called for change. Despite the uncertain political climate, there is hope that recent Supreme Court decisions may finally make those calls a reality. The War on Kids seizes upon this moment of judicial and political recognition that children are different in the eyes of the law. Drinan chronicles the shortcomings of juvenile justice by drawing upon social science, legal decisions, and first-hand correspondence with Terrence and others like him-individuals whose adolescent errors have cost them their lives. At the same time, The War on Kids maps out concrete steps that states can take to correct the course of American juvenile justice.

Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice


Author: David S. Tanenhaus
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479834440
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 3526
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This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

States of Delinquency

Race and Science in the Making of California's Juvenile Justice System
Author: Miroslava Chavez-Garcia
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520951557
Category: History
Page: 314
View: 3855
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This unique analysis of the rise of the juvenile justice system from the nineteenth to twentieth centuries uses one of the harshest states—California—as a case study for examining racism in the treatment of incarcerated young people of color. Using rich new untapped archives, States of Delinquency is the first book to explore the experiences of young Mexican Americans, African Americans, and ethnic Euro-Americans in California correctional facilities including Whittier State School for Boys and the Preston School of Industry. Miroslava Chávez-García examines the ideologies and practices used by state institutions as they began to replace families and communities in punishing youth, and explores the application of science and pseudo-scientific research in the disproportionate classification of youths of color as degenerate. She also shows how these boys and girls, and their families, resisted increasingly harsh treatment and various kinds of abuse, including sterilization.

Youth Violence in Latin America

Gangs and Juvenile Justice in Perspective
Author: G. Jones
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023010133X
Category: Social Science
Page: 234
View: 2431
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This volume provides a systematic overview of the contemporary Latin American youth violence phenomenon. The authors focus specifically on youth gangs, juvenile justice issues, and applied research concerns, providing a rounded and balanced exploration of this increasingly important topic.

Juvenile justice in America


Author: Victor L. Streib
Publisher: Associated Faculty Pr Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 119
View: 4252
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Critically examines and analyzes the history, organization, philosophy, and actions of the juvenile justice system, recommending strategies for alleviating problems and increasing its effectiveness

Rethinking Juvenile Justice


Author: Elizabeth S Scott,Laurence D Steinberg
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674043367
Category: Law
Page: 378
View: 2370
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What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

Who Gets a Childhood?

Race and Juvenile Justice in Twentieth-century Texas
Author: William S. Bush
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820337196
Category: History
Page: 257
View: 4650
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Using Texas as a case study for understanding change in the American juvenile justice system over the past century, the author tells the story of three cycles of scandal, reform, and retrenchment, each of which played out in ways that tended to extend the privileges of a protected childhood to white middle- and upper-class youth, while denying those protections to blacks, Latinos, and poor whites. On the forefront of both progressive and "get tough" reform campaigns, Texas has led national policy shifts in the treatment of delinquent youth to a surprising degree. Changes in the legal system have included the development of courts devoted exclusively to young offenders, the expanded legal application of psychological expertise, and the rise of the children's rights movement. At the same time, broader cultural ideas about adolescence have also changed. Yet the author demonstrates that as the notion of the teenager gained currency after World War II, white, middle-class teen criminals were increasingly depicted as suffering from curable emotional disorders even as the rate of incarceration rose sharply for black, Latino, and poor teens. He argues that despite the struggles of reformers, child advocates, parents, and youths themselves to make juvenile justice live up to its ideal of offering young people a second chance, the story of twentieth-century juvenile justice in large part boils down to the exclusion of poor and nonwhite youth from modern categories of childhood and adolescence.

Juvenile justice in America

problems and prospects
Author: Randall G. Shelden,Dan Macallair
Publisher: Waveland Pr Inc
ISBN: 9781577665236
Category: Law
Page: 276
View: 2166
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Justice for Kids

Keeping Kids Out of the Juvenile Justice System
Author: Nancy E. Dowd
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479832952
Category: Law
Page: 323
View: 3718
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Children and youth become involved with the juvenile justice system at a significant rate. While some children move just as quickly out of the system and go on to live productive lives as adults, other children become enmeshed in the system, developing deeper problems and at times introduced into the adult criminal justice system. Justice for Kids is a volume edited by leading academics and activists that focuses on ways to intervene at the earliest possible point to rehabilitate and redirect—to keep kids out of the system—rather than to punish and drive kids deeper. Nancy Dowd is Director of the Center for Children and Families at the University of Florida Fredric G. Levin College of Law and holds the David H. Levin Chair in Family Law. She is the author of several books, most recently The Man Question: Male Subordination and Privilege (NYU Press).

Juvenile Justice

An Introduction
Author: John T. Whitehead,Steven P. Lab
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1455778923
Category: Political Science
Page: 484
View: 6696
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Juvenile Justice: An Introduction is a student-friendly analysis of all aspects of the juvenile justice system. The book covers the history and development of the juvenile justice system and the unique issues related to juveniles, including police interaction, court processes, due process, movements toward diversion and deinstitutionalization, and community intervention. This book also examines particular issues within juvenile justice, such as female delinquency, gang delinquency, and the use of the death penalty and Life Without Parole with juveniles. Evidence-based suggestions for successful interventions and treatment are included, with a focus on performing cost-benefit analyses of what works versus what is ineffective with juveniles. The book concludes with a look to the future of the juvenile court, including the real possibility of abolition. Provides an engaging introduction to all aspects of the juvenile justice system in America. This seventh edition builds on a trusted and well-known textbook with new material on key issues such as sexting, bullying, social media, and the issues of non-delinquent youths. Robust offerings for students include study questions, discussion questions, "What You Need to Know" sections in each chapter, key terms identified, online case study questions, and links to relevant websites. Instructors are provided with helpful test question banks, lesson plans, sample syllabi, PowerPoint lecture slides, and links to useful websites. Glossary consolidates key terms with definitions.

Cops and Kids

Policing Juvenile Delinquency in Urban America, 1890-1940
Author: David B. Wolcott
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 0814210023
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 3165
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Crime and Justice in America

An Introduction to Criminal Justice
Author: Joycelyn M. Pollock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1437735126
Category: Political Science
Page: 436
View: 2488
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This book views peacemaking as a broad, encompassing process that is expressed in many different shapes and forms. It blends ancient-wisdom traditions, peacemaking criminology, and restorative justice principles as a way of intervening with offenders in both institutional and community-based settings. Philosophical and spiritual contexts for peacemaking are presented that form a foundation for understanding the potential for peacemaking in criminological thought, the criminal justice system, and society in general.

Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective


Author: Preston Elrod,Professor and Division Chair School of Justice Studies Eastern Kentucky University Preston Elrod,R. Scott Ryder
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449667600
Category: Law
Page: 500
View: 9838
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A Fully Revised and Updated Edition of the Essential Juvenile Justice Textbook The juvenile justice system is a multifaceted entity that continually changes under the influence of decisions, policies, and laws. Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the most comprehensive reference on the juvenile justice system available. Reader-friendly but thorough, the text contains the most up-to-date research on juvenile justice operations and their effectiveness and is authored by two experts in the field. It presents contemporary topics in juvenile justice and situates them within a historical and theoretical context, covering juvenile justice history, the development of the juvenile court in the U.S., and contemporary juvenile justice practice, as well as chapters on status and violent offenders, and working in juvenile justice. Myth v. Reality boxes, FYI boxes, and Comparative Focus boxes provide students with important information, challenge preconceived ideas students may have about juvenile justice practice, critically examine juvenile justice practice, and maintain student interest. The fully revised and updated fourth edition includes the latest statistics and research data, new photos and figures, coverage of contemporary court cases, and new pedagogical features. Ideally suited for undergraduate students in juvenile justice courses, as well as graduate students and professionals seeking a comprehensive juvenile justice reference, Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the leading juvenile justice textbook on the market today.

A New Juvenile Justice System

Total Reform for a Broken System
Author: Nancy E. Dowd
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 147984389X
Category: Law
Page: 400
View: 3623
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A New Juvenile Justice System aims at nothing less than a complete reform of the existing system: not minor change or even significant overhaul, but the replacement of the existing system with a different vision. The authors in this volume—academics, activists, researchers, and those who serve in the existing system—all respond in this collection to the question of what the system should be. Uniformly, they agree that an ideal system should be centered around the principle of child well-being and the goal of helping kids to achieve productive lives as citizens and members of their communities. Rather than the existing system, with its punitive, destructive, undermining effect and uneven application by race and gender, these authors envision a system responsive to the needs of youth as well as to the community’s legitimate need for public safety. How, they ask, can the ideals of equality, freedom, liberty, and self-determination transform the system? How can we improve the odds that children who have been labeled as “delinquent” can make successful transitions to adulthood? And how can we create a system that relies on proven, family-focused interventions and creates opportunities for positive youth development? Drawing upon interdisciplinary work as well as on-the-ground programs and experience, the authors sketch out the broad parameters of such a system. Providing the principles, goals, and concrete means to achieve them, this volume imagines using our resources wisely and well to invest in all children and their potential to contribute and thrive in our society.