Khomeini and Israel

Author: Behrouz Souresrafil
Publisher: N.A
Category: Iran
Page: 138
View: 9539

Treacherous Alliance

The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States
Author: Trita Parsi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300120578
Category: Political Science
Page: 361
View: 2955
U.S. foreign policy expert Trita Parsi untangles the complex and often duplicitous relations among Israel, Iran, and the United States.

Losing Legitimacy

The End of Khomeini's Charismatic Shadow and Regional Security
Author: Clifton W. Sherrill
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1498564151
Category: Political Science
Page: 260
View: 697
This book analyzes the legitimacy of the Iranian regime finding that it lacks a legal-rational or traditional basis, and is losing the charismatic basis. It assesses that Iran's next Supreme Leader will be forced to adopt an aggressive foreign policy in pursuit of religious legitimacy and nationalist public support.

Guardians of the Revolution

Iran and the World in the Age of the Ayatollahs
Author: Ray Takeyh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199754101
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 7200
For over a quarter century, Iran has been one of America's chief nemeses. Ever since Ayatollah Khomeini overthrew the Shah in 1979, the relationship between the two nations has been antagonistic: revolutionary guards chanting against the Great Satan, Bush fulminating against the Axis of Evil, Iranian support for Hezbollah, and President Ahmadinejad blaming the U.S. for the world's ills. The unending war of words suggests an intractable divide between Iran and the West, one that may very well lead to a shooting war in the near future. But as Ray Takeyh shows in this accessible and authoritative history of Iran's relations with the world since the revolution, behind the famous personalities and extremist slogans is a nation that is far more pragmatic--and complex--than many in the West have been led to believe. Takeyh explodes many of our simplistic myths of Iran as an intransigently Islamist foe of the West. Tracing the course of Iranian policy since the 1979 revolution, Takeyh identifies four distinct periods: the revolutionary era of the 1980s, the tempered gradualism following the death of Khomeini and the end of the Iran-Iraq war in 1989, the "reformist" period from 1997-2005 under President Khatami, and the shift toward confrontation and radicalism since the election of President Ahmadinejad in 2005. Takeyh shows that three powerful forces--Islamism, pragmatism, and great power pretensions--have competed in each of these periods, and that Iran's often paradoxical policies are in reality a series of compromises between the hardliners and the moderates, often with wild oscillations between pragmatism and ideological dogmatism. The U.S.'s task, Takeyh argues, is to find strategies that address Iran's objectionable behavior without demonizing this key player in an increasingly vital and volatile region. With its clear-sighted grasp of both nuance and historical sweep, Guardians of the Revolution will stand as the standard work on this controversial--and central--actor in world politics for years to come.

Days of God

The Revolution in Iran and Its Consequences
Author: James Buchan
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416597824
Category: History
Page: 432
View: 8353
A myth-busting insider’s account of the Iranian Revolution of 1979 that destroyed US influence in the country and transformed the politics of the Middle East and the world. The 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran was one of the seminal events of our time. It inaugurated more than thirty years of war in the Middle East and fostered an Islamic radicalism that shapes foreign policy in the United States and Europe to this day. Drawing on his lifetime of engagement with Iran, James Buchan explains the history that gave rise to the Revolution, in which Ayatollah Khomeini and his supporters displaced the Shah with little diffi­culty. Mystifyingly to outsiders, the people of Iran turned their backs on a successful Westernized government for an amateurish religious regime. Buchan dispels myths about the Iranian Revolution and instead assesses the historical forces to which it responded. He puts the extremism of the Islamic regime in perspective: a truly radical revolution, it can be compared to the French or Russian Revolu­tions. Using recently declassified diplomatic papers and Persian-language news reports, diaries, memoirs, interviews, and theological tracts, Buchan illumi­nates both Khomeini and the Shah. His writing is always clear, dispassionate, and informative. The Iranian Revolution was a turning point in modern history, and James Buchan’s Days of God is, as London’s Independent put it, “a compelling, beautifully written history” of that event.

Faith and Politics in Iran, Israel, and Islamic State

Author: Ori Goldberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107115671
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 4929
Considers political theologies formulated in Iran and Israel over the course of the twentieth century.

Islamic Government

Governance of the Jurist
Author: N.A
Publisher: Alhoda UK
ISBN: 9789643354992
Category: Iran
Page: 139
View: 8285

Israel and the Cold War

Diplomacy, Strategy and the Policy of the Periphery at the United Nations
Author: Howard A. Patten
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848858086
Category: History
Page: 234
View: 6783
The book analyses the national interests and mutual concerns which shaped relations and strategy at the United Nations during the critical moments of the establishment of the State of Israel and the following forty years, before the ramifications of the Iranian Revolution became apparent.

The Israeli Republic

Author: Jalal Al-e Ahmad,Simin Daneshvar
Publisher: Restless Books
ISBN: 0989983250
Category: Travel
Page: 144
View: 3941
Written by a preeminent Iranian writer who helped lay the popular groundwork for the Iranian Revolution, The Israeli Republic should be required reading for Israelis, Iranians, and anyone interested in the ongoing conflict between them. Based on Jalal Al-e Ahmad’s trip to Israel in February of 1963, the text caused a firestorm when it was published; in the thriving Jewish State, Al-e Ahmad saw a model for a possible future Iran. Now in English for the first time, The Israeli Republic is a record of Al-e Ahmad’s idealism, insight, and ultimate disillusionment towards Israel. Modern and fearlessly polemical, this book will change the way you think about the Middle East. Reviews "The travelogue conjures up a long-lost era of calmness and curiosity between Iranians and Israelis....It suggests how the Iranian and Israeli leaders who feel such intense mutual hostility today actually mirror one another in certain ways, particularly in their foundational attitudes toward religious authority, political and economic populism, and the West. That a writer such as Al-e Ahmad, guru to the ayatollahs, liked Israel now seems touching. What he liked about Israel seems cautionary." —Bernard Avishai, Foreign Affairs Jalal Al-e Ahmad was born to a clerical religious family in Tehran in 1923. He joined the Communist Tudeh Party in 1943 and rose through its ranks, before leaving in 1947 in protest over Soviet influence. Al-e Ahmad was a prolific writer and social critic, whose body of work includes short stories, notably the collection An Exchange of Visits; novels including By the Pen and A Stone on a Grave; travelogues including A Straw in Mecca, A Journey to Russia, and A Journey to America; essays; and translations. His best known work is Gharbzadegi (Occidentosis), a cultural critique of Westernization in Iran. Al-e Ahmad was married to the novelist and translator Simin Daneshvara. He died in 1969. Samuel Thrope is a writer and translator based in Jerusalem. Born and raised in Arlington, Massachusetts, he earned his PhD at the University of California, Berkeley. He is a fellow at the Martin Buber Society at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.


Israel's Search for Middle East Friends
Author: Joseph Alpher,Yossi Alpher
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781442231016
Category: Political Science
Page: 196
View: 4620
The book analyzes Israel s strategic thinking about the Middle East region, evaluating its success or failure in maintaining both Israel's security and the viability of Israeli-American strategic cooperation. It looks at the importance of the periphery strategy for Israeli, moderate Arab, American, and European efforts to advance the Arab-Israel peace process, and its potential role as the Arab Spring brings about greater Islamization of the Arab Middle East. Already, Israeli strategic planners are talking of "spheres of containment" and "crescents" wherein countries like Cyprus, Greece, Azerbaijan, and Ethiopia constitute a kind of new periphery. By looking at Israel s search for Middle East allies then and now, the book explores a key component of Israel s strategic behavior."

The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Political, Social, and Military History [4 volumes]

A Political, Social, and Military History
Author: Spencer C. Tucker,Priscilla Roberts
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851098429
Category: History
Page: 1553
View: 2713
This exhaustive work offers readers at multiple levels key insights into the military, political, social, cultural, and religious origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict. • With more than 750 alphabetically organized entries covering everything from important people, places, and events to a wide range of social and cultural topics—each entry featuring cross references and suggestions for further reading • A separate documents volume offering an unprecedented collection of more than 150 essential primary sources • Over 500 images, including maps, photographs, and illustrations • A comprehensive introductory overview by retired general Anthony Zinni

Iran, Israel, and the United States

The Politics of Counter-Proliferation Intelligence
Author: Ofira Seliktar,Farhad Rezaei
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1498569765
Category: Political Science
Page: 284
View: 2681
This book analyzes the process of evaluating Iran’s nuclear project and efforts to roll it back, resulting in the 2015 nuclear agreement. To highlight the technological problems and the politicization involved in the process, this study uses real-time comparison of developments in Iran and the perception of Israel in the United States.

The Jaguar Smile

A Nicaraguan Journey
Author: Salman Rushdie
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0307786668
Category: Travel
Page: 160
View: 5416
“I did not go to Nicaragua intending to write a book, or, indeed, to write at all: but my encounter with the place affected me so deeply that in the end I had no choice.” So notes Salman Rushdie in his first work of nonfiction, a book as imaginative and meaningful as his acclaimed novels. In The Jaguar Smile, Rushdie paints a brilliantly sharp and haunting portrait of the people, the politics, the terrain, and the poetry of “a country in which the ancient, opposing forces of creation and destruction were in violent collision.” Recounting his travels there in 1986, in the midst of America’s behind-the-scenes war against the Sandinistas, Rushdie reveals a nation resounding to the clashes between government and individuals, history and morality.

Imam Khomeini: Life, Thought and Legacy

Author: N.A
Publisher: The Other Press
ISBN: 9675062258
Category: Heads of state
Page: 203
View: 9856

A Single Roll of the Dice

Obama's Diplomacy with Iran
Author: Trita Parsi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300183771
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 8731
Have the diplomatic efforts of the Obama administration toward Iran failed? Was the Bush administration's emphasis on military intervention, refusal to negotiate, and pursuit of regime change a better approach? How can the United States best address the ongoing turmoil in Tehran? This book provides a definitive and comprehensive analysis of the Obama administration's early diplomatic outreach to Iran and discusses the best way to move toward more positive relations between the two discordant states. Trita Parsi, a Middle East foreign policy expert with extensive Capitol Hill and United Nations experience, interviewed 70 high-ranking officials from the U.S., Iran, Europe, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Brazil—including the top American and Iranian negotiators—for this book. Parsi uncovers the previously unknown story of American and Iranian negotiations during Obama's early years as president, the calculations behind the two nations' dealings, and the real reasons for their current stalemate. Contrary to prevailing opinion, Parsi contends that diplomacy has not been fully tried. For various reasons, Obama's diplomacy ended up being a single roll of the dice. It had to work either immediately—or not at all. Persistence and perseverance are keys to any negotiation. Neither Iran nor the U.S. had them in 2009.


Essays on the Islamic Republic
Author: Ervand Abrahamian
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850437796
Category: Iran
Page: 188
View: 9777
Fanatic, dogmatic, fundamentalist - these are the words most commonly used to describe the Ayatollah Khomeini. Ervand Abrahamian's book challenges that view, arguing that Khomeini and his Islamic movement should be seen as a form of Third World political populism - a radical but pragmatic middle-class movement that strives to enter, rather than reject, the modern age.


politics and religion
Author: Amal Saad-Ghorayeb
Publisher: Pluto Pr
ISBN: 9780745317922
Category: History
Page: 254
View: 8936
'Her dissection of Hizbullah's worldview is instructive. She treads carefully.' --The Jerusalem Post

Iran After Khomeini

Author: Shireen Hunter
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: 9780275942922
Category: History
Page: 163
View: 1117
This volume explores the directions the Islamic regime and, more importantly, the Iranian society and nation are likely to take in the 1990s. It evaluates the changes and reforms of the last three years and provides a basis for sketching the potential future directions of Iran's domestic evolution and foreign relations.

Why Intelligence Fails

Lessons from the Iranian Revolution and the Iraq War
Author: Robert Jervis
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801457610
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 2435
The U.S. government spends enormous resources each year on the gathering and analysis of intelligence, yet the history of American foreign policy is littered with missteps and misunderstandings that have resulted from intelligence failures. In Why Intelligence Fails, Robert Jervis examines the politics and psychology of two of the more spectacular intelligence failures in recent memory: the mistaken belief that the regime of the Shah in Iran was secure and stable in 1978, and the claim that Iraq had active WMD programs in 2002. The Iran case is based on a recently declassified report Jervis was commissioned to undertake by CIA thirty years ago and includes memoranda written by CIA officials in response to Jervis's findings. The Iraq case, also grounded in a review of the intelligence community's performance, is based on close readings of both classified and declassified documents, though Jervis's conclusions are entirely supported by evidence that has been declassified. In both cases, Jervis finds not only that intelligence was badly flawed but also that later explanations-analysts were bowing to political pressure and telling the White House what it wanted to hear or were willfully blind-were also incorrect. Proponents of these explanations claimed that initial errors were compounded by groupthink, lack of coordination within the government, and failure to share information. Policy prescriptions, including the recent establishment of a Director of National Intelligence, were supposed to remedy the situation. In Jervis's estimation, neither the explanations nor the prescriptions are adequate. The inferences that intelligence drew were actually quite plausible given the information available. Errors arose, he concludes, from insufficient attention to the ways in which information should be gathered and interpreted, a lack of self-awareness about the factors that led to the judgments, and an organizational culture that failed to probe for weaknesses and explore alternatives. Evaluating the inherent tensions between the methods and aims of intelligence personnel and policymakers from a unique insider's perspective, Jervis forcefully criticizes recent proposals for improving the performance of the intelligence community and discusses ways in which future analysis can be improved.

Rubber Bullets

Power and Conscience in Modern Israel
Author: Yaron Ezrahi
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780520214163
Category: History
Page: 307
View: 3647
Among commentators on Israeli affairs, Yaron Ezrahi is distinguished by his analytical brilliance, his twin passions for Jewish traditions and the tradition of liberal democracy, and his ability to see behind current events to their causes, some of them three generations in the making, some three millennia. Here he offers an uncommonly insightful analysis of the ways that history, politics, and the national character of Israel come to bear on current affairs there. Ezrahi regards surprising and divisive events—such as the assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Benjamin Netanyahu's defeat of Shimon Peres in the subsequent ministerial election—as signs of an ongoing, fundamental conflict in Israeli society. He explores ways in which the conflict is felt in diverse aspects of Israeli life and culture, from the social dimensions of military service and the development of the modern Hebrew language to Israelis' attitudes toward nature and the status of women. In chapters that blend probing analysis with stirring memoir, Ezrahi tells the story of Israel's transformation from a defensive, embattled society held together by a myth of national liberation to a prosperous liberal society that must make room for the many different stories of individual Israelis.