Language Contact and Grammatical Change


Author: Bernd Heine,Tania Kuteva
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521608282
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 308
View: 9260
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Offers an interesting insight into how language contact affects grammatical forms and structures.

Linguistic Epidemiology

Semantics and Grammar of Language Contact in Mainland Southeast Asia
Author: N.J. Enfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135144699
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 416
View: 9143
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This important new study examines in detail a semantic-pragmatic pattern surrounding the basic verb 'acquire' in nearly 30 Southeast Asian languages, concentrating on Lao, Vietnamese, Khmer, Kmhmu, Hmong, and varieties of Chinese. The book makes a significant contribution to empirical work on semantic and grammatical change in a linguistic area, as well as representing theoretical advances in cognitive semantics. Gricean pragmatics, semantic change, grammaticalization, language contact, and areal linguistics. The book also examines how changes in the speech of individuals actually become changes in large-scale public convention, 'language contact' is reconsidered, and traditional distinctions such as that between 'internal' and 'external' linguistic mechanisms are challenged. This groundbreaking new book is for specialists in Southeast Asian linguistics as well as scholars of descriptive semantics and pragmatics, grammaticalisation, linguistic change and evolution, areal linguistics and language contact, history and linguistic anthropology.

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

Perspectives from Germanic
Author: Sam Featherston,Yannick Versley
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110401924
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 4141
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The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need. While there has previously been something of a gulf between theoretical linguists in the generative tradition and those linguists who work with quantitative data types, this gap is narrowing. In the light of the empirical revolution in the study of syntax, even people whose primary concern is grammatical theory take note of processing effects and attribute certain effects to them. Correspondingly, workers focusing on the surface evidence can relate more to the concepts of the theoreticians, because the two layers of explanation have been brought into contact. And these workers too must account for the data gathered by the theoreticians. An additional innovation is the generative analysis of historical data – this is now seen as psycholinguistic theory-relevant data like any other. These papers are thus a snapshot of some of the work currently being done in evidence-based grammar, using both experimental and historical data.

Linguistics Epidemiology

Semantics and Grammar of Language Contact in Mainland Southeast Asia
Author: N. J. Enfield
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415297435
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 397
View: 6951
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The book makes a significant contribution to empirical work on semantic and grammatical change in a linguistic area, as well as representing theoretical advances in cognitive semantics.

The Genesis of Grammar

A Reconstruction
Author: Bernd Heine,Tania Kuteva
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199227764
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 418
View: 3640
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This book reconstructs what the earliest grammars might have been and shows how they could have led to the languages of modern humankind. It considers whether these languages derive from a single ancestral language; what the structure of language was when it first evolved; and how the properties associated with modern human languages first arose.

The Changing Languages of Europe


Author: Bernd Heine,Tania Kuteva
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 376
View: 7751
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"The book is written in clear, non-technical language. It will appeal to scholars and students of language change and variation in Europe and elsewhere. It will also interest everyone concerned to understand the nature of language and language change."--BOOK JACKET.

The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization


Author: Heiko Narrog,Bernd Heine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199586780
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 911
View: 9643
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This book presents a critical assessment of research on grammaticalization, a central element in the process by which grammars are created. Leading scholars discuss its core theoretical and methodological bases, report on work in the field, and point to directions for new research. They represent every relevant theoretical perspective and approach.

The Interplay of Variation and Change in Contact Settings


Author: Isabelle Léglise,Claudine Chamoreau
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027234922
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 264
View: 5150
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This volume is at the cross-roads between two research traditions dealing with language change: contact linguistics and language variation and change. It starts out from the notion that linguistic variation is still a little researched area in most contact-induced language change studies. Intending to fill this gap, it offers a rich panorama of case studies and approaches dealing with linguistic variation in contact settings. It concentrates both on monolingual data, tracing variation and contact beneath surface homogeneity, and on bilingual data such as code-switching and other forms of variation, to trace their underlying regularities. It investigates the relationship between variation and change in language contact settings. The book will be relevant for students and researchers in contact linguistics, sociolinguistics, language variation and change, sociology of language, descriptive linguistics and linguistic typology.

The Handbook of Language Contact


Author: Raymond Hickey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448693
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 888
View: 5197
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The Handbook of Language Contact offers systematic coverageof the major issues in this field – ranging from the value ofcontact explanations in linguistics, to the impact of immigration,to dialectology – combining new research from a team ofglobally renowned scholars, with case studies of numerouslanguages. An authoritative reference work exploring the major issues inthe field of language contact: the study of how language changeswhen speakers of distinct speech varieties interact Brings together 40 specially-commissioned essays by aninternational team of scholars Examines language contact in societies which have significantimmigration populations, and includes a fascinating cross-sectionof case studies drawing on languages across the world Accessibly structured into sections exploring the place ofcontact studies within linguistics as a whole; the value of contactstudies for research into language change; and language contact inthe context of work on language and society Explores a broad range of topics, making it an excellentresource for both faculty and students across a variety of fieldswithin linguistics

The Syntax of Spoken Indian English


Author: Claudia Lange
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027249059
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 265
View: 7789
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This book offers an in-depth analysis of several features of spoken Indian English that are generally considered as 'typical', but have never before been studied empirically. Drawing on authentic spoken data from the International Corpus of English, Indian component, the book focuses on the domain of discourse organization and examines the form, function and distribution of invariant tags such as isn't it and no/na, non-initial existential there, focus markers only and itself, topicalization and left-dislocation. By focusing on multilingual speakers' interactions, the study demonstrates conclusively that spoken Indian English bears all the hallmarks of a vibrant contact language, testifying to a pan-South Asian 'grammar of culture' which becomes apparent in contact-induced language change in spoken Indian English. The book will be highly relevant for anyone interested in postcolonial varieties of English, contact linguistics, standardization, and discourse-pragmatic sentence structure.

Language and Space

An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation. Theories and methods
Author: Peter Auer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110180022
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 889
View: 7494
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The dimensions of time and space fundamentally cause and shape the variability of all human language. To reduce investigation of this insight to manageable proportions, researchers have traditionally concentrated on the deepest dialects. But it is increasingly apparent that, although most people still speak with a distinct regional coloring, the new mobility of speakers in recently industrialized and postindustrial societies and the efflorescence of communication technologies cannot be ignored. This has given rise to a reconsideration of the relationship between geographical place and cultural space, and the fundamental link between language and a spatially bounded territory. Language and Space: An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation seeks to take full account of these developments in a comprehensive, theoretically rich way. The introductory volume examines the concept of space and linguistic approaches to it, the structure and dynamics of language spaces, and relevant research methods. A second volume offers the first thorough exploration of the interplay between linguistic investigation and cartography, and subsequent volumes uniformly document the state of research into the spatial dimension of particular language groupings. Key features: comprehensive coverage of the field in terms of theory and methods the unique volume stands alone, since it neither is a handbook of dialectology or of areal linguistics, nor a handbook on language variation alone gathers together a great number of distinguished scholars and experts in the field "

Challenging Change

Literary and Linguistic Responses
Author: Vesna Lopičić,Biljana Mišić Ilić
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443839523
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 350
View: 8555
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This book, Challenging Change: Literary and Linguistic Responses, is a collection of twenty-three articles which examine change – understood in the broadest sense – as the need of the modern man to redefine, revise, deconstruct and reconstruct previous theories, histories, moralities, social relationships, forms of language and language use. In these times of great change, when the only constant seems to be change itself, the authors of these essays respond to the challenge and approach the notion of change from the perspectives of literary studies and linguistics. The book opens with an introductory overview, followed by twenty-three articles divided into two sections. The authors of the articles come from Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania, the United States, Canada, Japan, and Norway.

Language Contact and Change in Mesoamerica and Beyond


Author: Karen Dakin,Claudia Parodi,Natalie Operstein
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027265712
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 433
View: 7397
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Language-contact phenomena in Mesoamerica and adjacent regions present an exciting field for research that has the potential to significantly contribute to our understanding of language contact and the role that it plays in language change. This volume presents and analyzes fresh empirical data from living and/or extinct Mesoamerican languages (from the Mayan, Uto-Aztecan, Totonac-Tepehuan and Otomanguean groups), neighboring non-Mesoamerican languages (Apachean, Arawakan, Andean languages), as well as Spanish. Language-contact effects in these diverse languages and language groups are typically analyzed by different subfields of linguistics that do not necessarily interact with one another. It is hoped that this volume, which contains works from different scholarly traditions that represent a variety of approaches to the study of language contact, will contribute to the lessening of this compartmentalization. The volume is relevant to researchers of language contact and contact-induced change and to anyone interested both in the historical development and present features of indigenous languages of the Americas and Latin American Spanish.

Principles of Linguistic Change, Volume 3

Cognitive and Cultural Factors
Author: William Labov
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144435146X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 448
View: 7481
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Written by the world-renowned pioneer in the field of modern sociolinguistics, this volume examines the cognitive and cultural factors responsible for linguistic change, tracing the life history of these developments, from triggering events to driving forces and endpoints. Explores the major insights obtained by combining sociolinguistics with the results of dialect geography on a large scale Examines the cognitive and cultural influences responsible for linguistic change Demonstrates under what conditions dialects diverge from one another Establishes an essential distinction between transmission within the community and diffusion across communities Completes Labov’s seminal Principles of Linguistic Change trilogy

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics


Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy,Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111825726X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 704
View: 1012
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Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

Theories and Methods


Author: Peter Auer,Jürgen Erich Schmidt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311022027X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 905
View: 1657
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The dimensions of time and space fundamentally cause and shape the variability of all human language. To reduce investigation of this insight to manageable proportions, researchers have traditionally concentrated on the “deepest” dialects. But it is increasingly apparent that, although most people still speak with a distinct regional coloring, the new mobility of speakers in recently industrialized and postindustrial societies and the efflorescence of communication technologies cannot be ignored. This has given rise to a reconsideration of the relationship between geographical place and cultural space, and the fundamental link between language and a spatially bounded territory. Language and Space: An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation seeks to take full account of these developments in a comprehensive, theoretically rich way. The introductory volume examines the concept of space and linguistic approaches to it, the structure and dynamics of language spaces, and relevant research methods. A second volume offers the first thorough exploration of the interplay between linguistic investigation and cartography, and subsequent volumes uniformly document the state of research into the spatial dimension of particular language groupings. Key features: comprehensive coverage of the field in terms of theory and methods the unique volume stands alone, since it neither is a handbook of dialectology or of areal linguistics, nor a handbook on language variation alone gathers together a great number of distinguished scholars and experts in the field

Language Change in Contact Languages

Grammatical and Prosodic Considerations
Author: J. Clancy Clements,Shelome Gooden
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027202559
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 241
View: 3385
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The studies in Language Change in Contact Languages showcase the contributions that the study of contact language varieties make to the understanding of phenomena such as relexification, transfer, reanalysis, grammaticalization, prosodic variation and the development of prosodic systems. Four of the studies deal with morphosyntactic issues while the other three address questions of prosody. The studies include data from the Atlantic creoles (Saramaccan, Sranan, Haitian Creole, Jamaican Creole, Trinidadian Creole, Papiamentu), as well as Singapore English. This volume, originally pulished as special issue of Studies in Language 33:2 (2009), aims to make the work of several language contact experts available to a wider audience. The studies will be of use to any student or scholar interested in different approaches to contact-induced language processes, particularly as they relate to morphosyntax and prosody.

The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology


Author: Rochelle Lieber,Pavol Stekauer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651788
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 768
View: 8326
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The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology is intended as a companion volume to The Oxford Handbook of Compounding (OUP 2009) Written by distinguished scholars, its 41 chapters aim to provide a comprehensive and thorough overview of the study of derivational morphology. The handbook begins with an overview and a consideration of definitional matters, distinguishing derivation from inflection on the one hand and compounding on the other. From a formal perspective, the handbook treats affixation (prefixation, suffixation, infixation, circumfixation, etc.), conversion, reduplication, root and pattern and other templatic processes, as well as prosodic and subtractive means of forming new words. From a semantic perspective, it looks at the processes that form various types of adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and verbs, as well as evaluatives and the rarer processes that form function words. The book also surveys derivation in fifteen language families that are widely dispersed in terms of both geographical location and typological characteristics.

Grammatical Replication and Borrowability in Language Contact


Author: Björn Wiemer,Bernhard Wälchli,Björn Hansen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110271974
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 684
View: 8043
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The volume presents new insights into two basic theoretical issues hotly debated in recent work on grammaticalization and language contact: grammatical replication and grammatical borrowability. The key issues are: How can grammatical replication be distinguished from other, superficially similar processes of contact-induced linguistic change, and under what conditions does it take place? Are there grammatical morphemes or constructions that are more easily borrowed than others, and how can language contact account for areal biases in the borrowing (vs. calquing) of grammatical formatives? The book is a major contribution to the ongoing theoretical discussion concerning the relationship between grammaticalization and language contact on a broad empirical basis.

Navicula litterarum Balticarum


Author: Stephan Kessler,Christiane Schiller
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447054270
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 249
View: 3715
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Navicula litterarum Balticarum - ein "Schiffchen (voll) der baltischen Wissenschaften" bringt einen Querschnitt baltistischer philologischer und historischer Forschungen, und zwar vornehmlich aus den Teildisziplinen, die auch den Jubilar stets besonders interessiert haben: - Forschungen zur Bibelubersetzung des Johannes Bretke (gest. 1602) ins Litauische, - Beitrage zu sprachwissenschaftlichen Einzelfragen des Litauischen (u.a. zu Marcin Bielskis sprachphilosophischen Vorstellungen, zu Geisterwortern im LKZ und zum Projekt eines Altlitauischen Worterbuchs), - Forschungen zu Ubersetzungen literarischer Werke und ihrem Verhaltnis zum jew. Original (u.a. zu Werken von Stanis?aw Baranczak, Czeslaw Milosz, Tomas Venclova, Adam Naruszewicz und Johann Wolfgang v. Goethe) und - buchwissenschaftlich-historische Beitrage (u.a. zum alteren baltistischen Buchbestand der UB Greifswald und zur litauischen Nationalbewegung zwischen 1914 und 1918).