Language Contact and Grammatical Change


Author: Bernd Heine,Tania Kuteva
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521608282
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 308
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Offers an interesting insight into how language contact affects grammatical forms and structures.

The Changing Languages of Europe


Author: Bernd Heine,Tania Kuteva
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199297339
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 356
View: 8346
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"The book is written in clear, non-technical language. It will appeal to scholars and students of language change and variation in Europe and elsewhere. It will also interest everyone concerned to understand the nature of language and language change."--Jacket.

The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization


Author: Heiko Narrog,Bernd Heine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199586780
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 911
View: 8349
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This book presents a critical assessment of research on grammaticalization, a central element in the process by which grammars are created. Leading scholars discuss its core theoretical and methodological bases, report on work in the field, and point to directions for new research. They represent every relevant theoretical perspective and approach.

Grammatical Change

Origins, Nature, Outcomes
Author: Dianne Jonas,John Whitman,Andrew Garrett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199582629
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 384
View: 3669
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This book advances research on grammatical change and shows the breadth and liveliness of the field. International scholars report on the nature and outcomes of all aspects of syntactic change, including grammaticalization, variation, syntactic movement, determiner-phrase syntax, pronominal systems, case systems, negation, and alignment.

The Emergence of Hybrid Grammars


Author: Enoch Oladé Aboh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521769981
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 366
View: 930
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This account of language acquisition in a multilingual context explains how hybrid grammars develop and can result in language change.

The Genesis of Grammar

A Reconstruction
Author: Bernd Heine,Tania Kuteva
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199227764
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 418
View: 8586
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This book reconstructs what the earliest grammars might have been and shows how they could have led to the languages of modern humankind. It considers whether these languages derive from a single ancestral language; what the structure of language was when it first evolved; and how the properties associated with modern human languages first arose.

Language Change in Contact Languages

Grammatical and Prosodic Considerations
Author: J. Clancy Clements,Shelome Gooden
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027202559
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 241
View: 3048
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The studies in Language Change in Contact Languages showcase the contributions that the study of contact language varieties make to the understanding of phenomena such as relexification, transfer, reanalysis, grammaticalization, prosodic variation and the development of prosodic systems. Four of the studies deal with morphosyntactic issues while the other three address questions of prosody. The studies include data from the Atlantic creoles (Saramaccan, Sranan, Haitian Creole, Jamaican Creole, Trinidadian Creole, Papiamentu), as well as Singapore English. This volume, originally pulished as special issue of Studies in Language 33:2 (2009), aims to make the work of several language contact experts available to a wider audience. The studies will be of use to any student or scholar interested in different approaches to contact-induced language processes, particularly as they relate to morphosyntax and prosody.

Grammatical Replication and Borrowability in Language Contact


Author: Björn Wiemer,Bernhard Wälchli,Björn Hansen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110271974
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 684
View: 3554
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The volume presents new insights into two basic theoretical issues hotly debated in recent work on grammaticalization and language contact: grammatical replication and grammatical borrowability. The key issues are: How can grammatical replication be distinguished from other, superficially similar processes of contact-induced linguistic change, and under what conditions does it take place? Are there grammatical morphemes or constructions that are more easily borrowed than others, and how can language contact account for areal biases in the borrowing (vs. calquing) of grammatical formatives? The book is a major contribution to the ongoing theoretical discussion concerning the relationship between grammaticalization and language contact on a broad empirical basis.

Linguistic Epidemiology

Semantics and Grammar of Language Contact in Mainland Southeast Asia
Author: N.J. Enfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135144699
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 416
View: 3235
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This important new study examines in detail a semantic-pragmatic pattern surrounding the basic verb 'acquire' in nearly 30 Southeast Asian languages, concentrating on Lao, Vietnamese, Khmer, Kmhmu, Hmong, and varieties of Chinese. The book makes a significant contribution to empirical work on semantic and grammatical change in a linguistic area, as well as representing theoretical advances in cognitive semantics. Gricean pragmatics, semantic change, grammaticalization, language contact, and areal linguistics. The book also examines how changes in the speech of individuals actually become changes in large-scale public convention, 'language contact' is reconsidered, and traditional distinctions such as that between 'internal' and 'external' linguistic mechanisms are challenged. This groundbreaking new book is for specialists in Southeast Asian linguistics as well as scholars of descriptive semantics and pragmatics, grammaticalisation, linguistic change and evolution, areal linguistics and language contact, history and linguistic anthropology.

Language Acquisition and Change

A Morphosyntactic Perspective
Author: Jurgen Meisel
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748677992
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 208
View: 1816
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Under which circumstances does grammatical change come about? Is the child the principle agent of change as suggested by historical linguistics?This book discusses diachronic change of languages in terms of restructuring of speakers' internal grammatical knowledge. Efforts to construct a theory of diachronic change consistent with findings from psycholinguistics are scarce. Here, these questions are therefore addressed against the background of insights from research on monolingual and bilingual acquisition. Given that children are remarkably successful in reconstructing the grammars of their ambient languages, commonly held views need to be reconsidered according to which language change is primarily triggered by structural ambiguity in the input and in settings of language contact. In an innovative take on this matter, the authors argue that morphosyntactic change in core areas of grammar, especially where parameters of Universal Grammar are concerned, typically happens in settings involving second language acquisition. The children acting as agents of restructuring are either L2 learners themselves or are continuously exposed to the speech of L2 speakers of their target languages. Based on a variety of case studies, this discussion sheds new light on phenomena of change which have occupied historical linguists since the 19th century and will be welcomed by advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers in the fields of historical linguistics and language acquisition.

The Handbook of Language Contact


Author: Raymond Hickey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448693
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 888
View: 7323
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The Handbook of Language Contact offers systematic coverage of the major issues in this field – ranging from the value of contact explanations in linguistics, to the impact of immigration, to dialectology – combining new research from a team of globally renowned scholars, with case studies of numerous languages. An authoritative reference work exploring the major issues in the field of language contact: the study of how language changes when speakers of distinct speech varieties interact Brings together 40 specially-commissioned essays by an international team of scholars Examines language contact in societies which have significant immigration populations, and includes a fascinating cross-section of case studies drawing on languages across the world Accessibly structured into sections exploring the place of contact studies within linguistics as a whole; the value of contact studies for research into language change; and language contact in the context of work on language and society Explores a broad range of topics, making it an excellent resource for both faculty and students across a variety of fields within linguistics

Language Contact in Amazonia


Author: N.A
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199257850
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 363
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This book considers how forms and meanings of different languages at different times may resemble one another and what the explanation is for this. The author aims (a) to explain and identify the relationship between areal diffusion and the genetic development of languages, and (b) to discover the means of distinguishing what may cause one language to share the characteristics of another. This is done using the example of Arawak and Tucanoan languages spoken in the large area of the Vaupes river basin in northwest Amazonia, which spans Colombia and Brazil. In this region language is seen as a badge of identity: language mixing, interaction, and influence are resisted for ideological reasons. Professor Aikhenvald considers which grammatical categories are most and which are least likely to be borrowed in a situation of prolonged language contact where lexical borrowing is reduced to a minimum. She provides a genetic analysis of the languages of the region and considers theirhistorical relationships with languages of the same family outside it. She also examines changes brought about by recent contact with European languages and culture, and the linguistic and cultural effects of being part of a group that is aware its language and identity are threatened. The book is presented in relatively nontechnical language and will interest linguists and anthropologists.

The Lexical Basis of Grammatical Borrowing

A Prince Edward Island French Case Study
Author: Ruth Elizabeth King
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027237163
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 241
View: 3424
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This book is a detailed study of French-English linguistic borrowing in Prince Edward Island, Canada which argues for the centrality of lexical innovation to grammatical change. Chapters 1–4 present the theoretical and methodological perspectives adopted along with the sociolinguistic history of Acadian French. Chapter 5 outlines the basic features of Acadian French morphosyntax. Chapter 6 provides an overview of the linguistic consequences of language contact in Prince Edward Island. Chapters 7–9 consider three particular cases of grammatical borrowing: the borrowing of the English adverb back and the semantic and syntactic reanalysis it has undergone, the borrowing of a wide range of English prepositions, resulting in dramatic changes in the syntactic behaviour of French prepositions, and the borrowing of English wh-ever words, resulting in the emergence of a new type of free relative. Chapter 10 argues for a theory of grammar contact by which contact-induced grammatical change is mediated by the lexicon.

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

Perspectives from Germanic
Author: Sam Featherston,Yannick Versley
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110401924
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 3831
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The intention of this book is to highlight the extent to which more rigorous measurement of grammatical effects can yield insights into grammatical structures and grammatical change. While there is some incidental discussion of methodologies and data processing techniques, the focus in this work is firmly on the results of such work and not on the technicalities of it.

Language Contact and Change in Mesoamerica and Beyond


Author: Karen Dakin,Claudia Parodi,Natalie Operstein
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027265712
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 433
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Language-contact phenomena in Mesoamerica and adjacent regions present an exciting field for research that has the potential to significantly contribute to our understanding of language contact and the role that it plays in language change. This volume presents and analyzes fresh empirical data from living and/or extinct Mesoamerican languages (from the Mayan, Uto-Aztecan, Totonac-Tepehuan and Otomanguean groups), neighboring non-Mesoamerican languages (Apachean, Arawakan, Andean languages), as well as Spanish. Language-contact effects in these diverse languages and language groups are typically analyzed by different subfields of linguistics that do not necessarily interact with one another. It is hoped that this volume, which contains works from different scholarly traditions that represent a variety of approaches to the study of language contact, will contribute to the lessening of this compartmentalization. The volume is relevant to researchers of language contact and contact-induced change and to anyone interested both in the historical development and present features of indigenous languages of the Americas and Latin American Spanish.

Grammatical Change in Indo-European Languages

Papers presented at the workshop on Indo-European Linguistics at the XVIIIth International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Montreal, 2007
Author: Vit Bubenik,John Hewson,Sarah Rose
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027289298
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 262
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The product of a group of scholars who have been working on new directions in Historical Linguistics, this book is focused on questions of grammatical change, and the central issue of grammaticalization in Indo-European languages. Several studies examine particular problems in specific languages, but often with implications for the IE phylum as a whole. Given the historical scope of the data (over a period of four millennia) long range grammatical changes such as the development of gender differences, strategies of definiteness, the prepositional phrase, or of the syntax of the verbal diathesis and aspect, are also treated. The shifting relevance of morphology to syntax, and syntax to morphology, a central motif of this research, has provoked lively debate in the discipline of Historical Linguistics.

Language Contact


Author: Yaron Matras
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521825350
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 366
View: 6970
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An introduction to language contact, which occurs when speakers of different languages interact and their languages influence each other.

Grammatical Change in English World-Wide


Author: Peter Collins
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027268908
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 488
View: 1878
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The contributions to this volume apply and extend the techniques of corpus linguistics and diachronic linguistics to the challenge of describing and explaining grammatical change in varieties of English world-wide. The book is divided into two parts, with ten chapters on ‘Inner Circle’ varieties such as Australian, Canadian, and Irish English, and eight on ‘Outer Circle’ varieties such as Philippine, Indian, and Nigerian English. Contributors examine a range of topics including the progressive aspect, modal auxiliaries, do-support, verb morphology, and quotatives, using a wide variety of corpus resources. Overarching research questions addressed include the following: Do diachronic tendencies observed in a particular variety converge with, diverge from, or run in parallel with, those in the parent variety? What are the possible causes of changes observed (e.g. English teaching traditions, Americanisation, internal changes in registers)? This book will appeal to linguists, particularly those interested in grammatical description, corpus linguistics and World Englishes.

Linguistics Epidemiology

Semantics and Grammar of Language Contact in Mainland Southeast Asia
Author: N. J. Enfield
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415297435
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 397
View: 4414
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The book makes a significant contribution to empirical work on semantic and grammatical change in a linguistic area, as well as representing theoretical advances in cognitive semantics.

Dynamics of Language Contact

English and Immigrant Languages
Author: Michael G. Clyne
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521786485
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 282
View: 4085
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Discusses disparate findings to examine the dynamics of contact between languages in an immigrant context.