Leibniz: Philosophical Essays


Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603849580
Category: Philosophy
Page: 386
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Although Leibniz's writing forms an enormous corpus, no single work stands as a canonical expression of his whole philosophy. In addition, the wide range of Leibniz's work--letters, published papers, and fragments on a variety of philosophical, religious, mathematical, and scientific questions over a fifty-year period--heightens the challenge of preparing an edition of his writings in English translation from the French and Latin.

Descartes: Philosophical Essays and Correspondence


Author: René Descartes
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603840176
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 5824
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A superb text for teaching the philosophy of Descartes, this volume includes all his major works in their entirety, important selections from his lesser known writings, and key selections from his philosophical correspondence. The result is an anthology that enables the reader to understand the development of Descartes’s thought over his lifetime. Includes a biographical Introduction, chronology, bibliography, and index.

Philosophical Texts


Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz,Richard Francks,R. S. Woolhouse
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 313
View: 5644
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The Oxford Philosophical Texts series consists of authoritative teaching editions of canonical texts in the History of Philosophy from the ancient world down to modern times. Each volume, issued in a uniform and affordable paperback format, provides a clear, well laid out text together with a comprehensive introduction by a leading specialist, giving the student detailed critical guidance on the intellectual context of the work and the structure and philosophical importance of the main arguments. Endnotes are supplied to expand further on the arguments and explain unfamiliar references and terminology, and a full bibliography and index are also included. The series aims to build up a definitive corpus of key texts in the Western philosophical tradition, which will form a reliable and enduring resource for students and teachers alike. This volume contains Leibniz's most important texts, starting with the Discourse on Metaphysics (1686), which marks the beginning of maturity in Leibniz's ideas, and ending with the Monadology (1714), written in response to requests for a systematic, organized account of his overall philosophy. In between fall other key works including the New System of Nature (1695), the Specimen of Dynamics (1695), Nature Itself (1698), and the Principles of Nature and Grace (1714). Also included in the volume are critical reactions to the Discourse and the New System by Leibniz's contemporaries, Antoine Arnauld, Pierre Bayle, and Simon Foucher, together with Leibniz's responses. All the texts are newly translated into English for this edition, and each is preceded by a summary explaining its background, structure, and content. Also containing a substantial introduction, notes, and bibliography, the volume offers a comprehensive introduction to Leibniz's philosophy.

Leibniz

Nature and Freedom
Author: Donald Rutherford,J. A. Cover
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198032870
Category: Philosophy
Page: 288
View: 8743
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The revival of Leibniz studies in the past twenty-five years has cast important new light on both the context and content of Leibniz's philosophical thought. Where earlier English-language scholarship understood Leibniz's philosophy as issuing from his preoccupations with logic and language, recent work has recommended an account on which theological, ethical, and metaphysical themes figure centrally in Leibniz's thought throughout his career. The significance of these themes to the development of Leibniz's philosophy is the subject of increasing attention by philosophers and historians. This collection of new essays by a distinguished group of scholars offers an up-to-date overview of the current state of Leibniz research. In focusing on nature and freedom, the volume revisits two key topics in Leibniz's thought, on which he engaged both contemporary and historical arguments. Important contributions to Leibniz scholarship in their own right, these articles collectively provide readers a framework in which to better situate Leibniz's distinctive philosophy of nature and the congenial home for a morally significant freedom that he took it to provide.

Philosophical Papers and Letters

A Selection
Author: G.W. Leibniz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401014264
Category: History
Page: 736
View: 8517
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The selections contained in these volumes from the papers and letters of Leibniz are intended to serve the student in two ways: first, by providing a more adequate and balanced conception of the full range and penetration of Leibniz's creative intellectual powers; second, by inviting a fresher approach to his intellectual growth and a clearer perception of the internal strains in his thinking, through a chronological arrangement. Much confusion has arisen in the past through a neglect of the develop ment of Leibniz's ideas, and Couturat's impressive plea, in his edition of the Opuscu/es et fragments (p. xii), for such an arrangement is valid even for incomplete editions. The beginning student will do well, however, to read the maturer writings of Parts II, III, and IV first, leaving Part I, from a period too largely neglected by Leibniz criticism, for a later study of the still obscure sources and motives of his thought. The Introduction aims primarily to provide cultural orientation and an exposition of the structure and the underlying assumptions of the philosophical system rather than a critical evaluation. I hope that together with the notes and the Index, it will provide those aids to the understanding which the originality of Leibniz's scientific, ethical, and metaphysical efforts deserve.

Leibniz's Monadology


Author: Lloyd Strickland
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748693246
Category: Philosophy
Page: 304
View: 9667
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Lloyd Strickland presents a new translation of the 'Monadology', alongside key parts of the 'Theodicy', and an in-depth, section-by-section commentary that explains in detail not just what Leibniz is saying in the text but also why he says it.

Discourse on Metaphysics and Other Essays


Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780872201323
Category: Philosophy
Page: 84
View: 6348
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Discourse on Metaphysics and Other Essays contains complete translations of the two essays that constitute the best introductions to Leibniz's complex thought: Discourse on Metaphysics of 1686 and Monadology of 1714. These are supplemented with two essays of special interest to the student of modern philosophy, On the Ultimate Origination of Things of 1697 and the Preface to his New Essays of 1703-1705.

Leibniz on God and Religion

A Reader
Author: Lloyd Strickland
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 147258063X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 9837
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Bringing together Leibniz's writings on God and religion for the very first time, Leibniz on God and Religion: A Reader reflects the growing importance now placed on Leibniz's philosophical theology. This reader features a wealth of material, from journal articles and book reviews published in Leibniz's lifetime to private notes and essays, as well as items from his correspondence. Organised thematically into the following sections, this reader captures the changes in Leibniz's thinking over the course of his career: The Catholic Demonstrations The existence and nature of God Reason and faith Ethics and the love of God The Bible Miracles and mysteries The churches and their doctrines Grace and predestination Sin, evil, and theodicy The afterlife Non-Christian religions In preparing this reader, Strickland has returned to Leibniz's original manuscripts to ensure accurate translations of key texts, the majority of which have not been available in English before. The reader also contains a number of texts previously unpublished in any form. Alongside the translations, this reader contains an introductory essay, explanatory notes on all of the texts, and suggestions for further reading. This valuable sourcebook enables students of all levels to achieve a well-rounded understanding of Leibniz's philosophical theology.

Discourse on Metaphysics

Correspondence with Arnauld, and Monadology
Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Metaphysics
Page: 275
View: 399
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Candide

A Dual-Language Book
Author: Voltaire
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486117634
Category: Fiction
Page: 176
View: 4758
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DIVVoltaire's brilliant satire on the follies of man, in the original French, with a new and exacting English translation on the opposing page. Weller's critical introduction illuminates the satire's enduring appeal. /div

Proslogion

With the Replies of Gaunilo and Anselm
Author: St. Anselm,Thomas Williams
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780872205659
Category: Philosophy
Page: 64
View: 5985
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Thomas Williams' edition offers an Introduction well suited for use in an introductory philosophy course, as well as his own preeminent translation of the text.

The Philosophical Writings of Descartes:


Author: René Descartes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107268184
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 4909
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These two 1985 volumes provide a translation of the philosophical works of Descartes, based on the best available Latin and French texts. They are intended to replace the only reasonably comprehensive selection of his works in English, by Haldane and Ross, first published in 1911. All the works included in that edition are translated here, together with a number of additional texts crucial for an understanding of Cartesian philosophy, including important material from Descartes' scientific writings. The result should meet the widespread demand for an accurate and authoritative edition of Descartes' philosophical writings in clear and readable modern English.

Leibniz

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Maria Rosa Antognazza
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198718640
Category: Mathematics
Page: 134
View: 1422
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) was a man of extraordinary intellectual creativity who lived an exceptionally rich and varied intellectual life in troubled times. More than anything else, he was a man who wanted to improve the life of his fellow human beings through the advancement of all the sciences and the establishment of a stable and just political order. In this Very Short Introduction Maria Rosa Antognazza outlines the central features of Leibniz's philosophy in the context of his overarching intellectual vision and aspirations. Against the backdrop of Leibniz's encompassing scientific ambitions, she introduces the fundamental principles of Leibniz's thought, as well as his theory of truth and theory of knowledge. Exploring Leibniz's contributions to logic, mathematics, physics, and metaphysics, she considers how his theories sat alongside his concerns with politics, diplomacy, and a broad range of practical reforms: juridical, economic, administrative, technological, medical, and ecclesiastical. Discussing Leinbniz's theories of possible worlds, she concludes by looking at what is ultimately real in this actual world that we experience, the good and evil there is in it, and Leibniz's response to the problem of evil through his theodicy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz


Author: Nicholas Jolley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521367691
Category: Philosophy
Page: 500
View: 8065
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The most comprehensive account of the full range of Leibniz's thought.

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Hume
Author: Norman K. Smith,David Hume
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780024129307
Category: Religion
Page: 264
View: 4660
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Candide

and Related Texts
Author: Voltaire
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603840842
Category: Philosophy
Page: 190
View: 6181
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David Wootton's scalpel-sharp translation of Candide features a brilliant Introduction, a map of Candide's travels, and a selection of those writings of Voltaire, Leibniz, Pope and Rousseau crucial for fully appreciating this eighteenth-century satiric masterpiece that even today retains its celebrated bite.

Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous


Author: George Berkeley
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 136
View: 2301
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The Inner Chapters

The Classic Taoist Text by Chuang Tzu
Author: Chuang Tzu,Solala Towler
Publisher: Watkins Publishing
ISBN: 9781780280202
Category: Philosophy
Page: 176
View: 8838
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The writings of Chuang Tzu stand alongside the Tao Te Ching as foundational classics of Taoism. Dating back to the fourth century BC, The Inner Chapters is full of fantastical tales that both entertain and provide guidance on living a good life--a gigantic fish that becomes a bird, a cook who never sharpens his blade, a magical being who lives in the mountains, and more. This new luxury edition is distinguished by insightful commentary and superb photographs that convey in their wordless beauty the profound wisdom of Chuang Tzu's text.

Spinoza: Theological-Political Treatise


Author: Jonathan Israel,Michael Silverthorne
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139463614
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 8615
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Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise (1670) is one of the most important philosophical works of the early modern period. In it Spinoza discusses at length the historical circumstances of the composition and transmission of the Bible, demonstrating the fallibility of both its authors and its interpreters. He argues that free enquiry is not only consistent with the security and prosperity of a state but actually essential to them, and that such freedom flourishes best in a democratic and republican state in which individuals are left free while religious organizations are subordinated to the secular power. His Treatise has profoundly influenced the subsequent history of political thought, Enlightenment 'clandestine' or radical philosophy, Bible hermeneutics, and textual criticism more generally. It is presented here in a translation of great clarity and accuracy by Michael Silverthorne and Jonathan Israel, with a substantial historical and philosophical introduction by Jonathan Israel.

The Problems of Philosophy


Author: Bertrand Russell
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048612116X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 128
View: 8609
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Accessible, thought-provoking study by Nobel Prize-winner considers distinction between appearance and reality, existence and nature of matter, idealism, inductive logic, intuitive knowledge, many other stimulating subjects.