Lewis Henry Morgan and the Invention of Kinship


Author: Thomas R. Trautmann
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803260067
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 9786
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Lewis Henry Morgan of Rochester, New York, lawyer and pioneering anthropologist, was the leading American contributor of his generation to the social sciences. Among the classic works whose conjunction in the 1860s gave modern anthropology its shape, Morgan's massive and technical Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family was decisive. Thomas R. Trautmann offers a new interpretation of the genesis of "kinship" and of the role it played in late nineteenth-century intellectual history. This Bison Books edition features a new introduction and appendices by the author. Thomas R. Trautmann is a professor of history and anthropology at the University of Michigan. He is the author of several books, including Dravidian Kinship, Aryans and British India, The Aryan Debate, and Languages and Nations: The Dravidian Proof in Colonial Madras.

Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition


Author: Liam D. Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442636874
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 9251
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The fifth edition of this bestselling reader builds a strong foundation in both classical and contemporary theory, with a sharpened focus on gender and anthropology, and the anthropology of new media and technology. Short introductions and key terms accompany every reading, and light annotations have been added to aid students in reading original articles. Used on its own or together with A History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition, this anthology offers a flexible and unrivalled introduction to anthropological theory that reflects not only the history but also the changing nature of the discipline today.

Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Fourth Edition


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam D. Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442606584
Category: Social Science
Page: 608
View: 1892
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This comprehensive anthology offers over 40 readings that are critical to the understanding of anthropological theory and the development of anthropology as an academic discipline. The fourth edition maintains a strong focus on the "four-field" roots of the discipline in North America but has been reorganized with a new section on twenty-first-century theory, including coverage of postcolonial and public anthropology. New key terms and introductions accompany each reading and a revamped glossary makes the book more student-friendly. Used on its own, or together with the overview text A History of Anthropological Theory, Fourth Edition, this anthology offers a flexible and unrivaled introduction to anthropological theory that reflects not only the history but also the changing nature of the discipline today. For additional resources, visit the "Teaching Theory" page at www.utpteachingculture.com.

A History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam D. Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442636831
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 3154
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"An accessible and engaging overview of anthropological theory that provides a comprehensive history from antiquity through to the twenty-first century. The fifth edition has been revised throughout, with substantial updates to the Feminism and Anthropology section, including more on Gender and Sexuality, and with a new section on Anthropologies of the Digital Age. Once again, A History of Anthropological Theory will be published simultaneously with the accompanying reader, mirroring these changes in the selection of readings, so they can easily be used together in the classroom. Additional biographical information about some of theorists has been added to help students."--

Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803282308
Category: Social Science
Page: 590
View: 2205
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Modern anthropology would be radically different without this book. Published in 1871, this first major study of kinship, inventive and wide-ranging, created a new field of inquiry in anthropology. Drawing partly upon his own fieldwork among American Indians, anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan examined the kinship systems of over one hundred cultures, probing for similarities and differences in their organization. In his attempt to discover particular types of marriage and descent systems across the globe, Morgan demonstrated the centrality of kinship relations in many cultures. Kinship, it was revealed, was an important key for understanding cultures and could be studied through systematic, scientific means. ø Anthropologists continue to wrestle with the premises, methodology, and conclusions of Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity. Scholars such as W. H. R. Rivers, Robert Lowie, Meyer Fortes, Fred Eggan, and Claude Lävi-Strauss have acknowledged their intellectual debt to this study; those less sympathetic to Morgan?s treatment of kinship nonetheless do not question its historical significance and impact on the development of modern anthropology.

The Genius of Kinship

The Phenomenon of Human Kinship and the Global Diversity of Kinship Terminologies
Author: German Valentinovich Dziebel
Publisher: Cambria Press
ISBN: 1934043656
Category: History
Page: 540
View: 5214
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This highly acclaimed book brings the cumulative results of a century and a half of kinship studies in anthropology into the focus of current debates on the origin of modern humans in Africa and on an entangled bit of human evolutionary history commonly subsumed under the heading of the "peopling of the Americas." This erudite study is based on a database of some 2,500 kinship vocabularies representing roughly 600 African languages, 140 Australian languages, 500 Austronesian languages, 200 Papuan languages, 350 languages of Eurasia (excluding Indo-Europeans), 440 North and Middle American Indian languages, and 200 South American languages. This valuable reference will take the reader to the dawn of kinship studies in the 19th century Western science in order to elicit the wider context of anthropological interest in kinship systems and the interdisciplinary salience of the phenomenon of kinship. The book also examines the founder of kinship studies in anthropology, American lawyer and Iroquois ethnographer, Lewis Henry Morgan, and the circumstances of his life that generated his interest in human kinship. The study ventures into the intricacies of scientific and quasi-scientific debates in the 19th century, and treats 19th century science as embedded in a myth featuring divinity, humanity and animality as principal characters. This account is divided into four sections, each of which is structured as a triad (philosophy, psychology and physiology; logic, semiotics and reproduction; religion, hermeneutics and evolution; law, grammar and speech). This far-reaching historical journey aims at formulating an idea of what human kinship might be all about, especially in the light of the widespread uncertainties about this question caused by the constructivist turn in anthropology. Eventually our ideas regarding human origins, ancient population dispersals and the homeland of modern humans are inextricably linked to our ideas about kinship. As a book that brings together evolutionary and sociocultural anthropology, The Genius of Kinship will be a critical addition for all Anthropology collections.

Ancient Society


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816509249
Category: Social Science
Page: 560
View: 4056
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Lewis Henry Morgan studied the American Indian way of life and collected an enormous amount of factual material on the history of primitive-communal society. All the conclusions he draws are based on these facts; where he lacks them, he reasons back on the basis of the data available to him. He determined the periodization of primitive society by linking each of the periods with the development of production techniques. The Ògreat sequence of inventions and discoveries;Ó and the history of institutions, with each of its three branches Ñ family, property and government Ñ constitute the progress made by human society from its earliest stages to the beginning of civilization. Mankind gained this progress through 'the gradual evolution of their mental and moral powers through experience, and of their protracted struggle with opposing obstacles while winning their way to civilization.'

Ancient Society


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780765806918
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 7728
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Lewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881) was a remarkable Victorian, justly compared with two other giant intellects of his age, Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer. All three were conventional men, but they all developed theories with radical and revolutionary implications. All were concerned with "evolution" in one form or another, putting them in conflict with religious and intellectual orthodoxy. Morgan believed it both natural and proper to learn by what stages of growth mankind had risen from savagery to civilization. In his important new introduction, Robin Fox reviews the developmental and social evolutionary thesis put forward by Morgan in light of what we have learned from the twentieth century. Ancient Society defines three major stages in the cultural and social evolution of mankind. Morgan describes how savages, advancing by definite steps, attained the higher condition of barbarism. He then explores how barbarians, by similar progressive advancement, finally attained civilization. Finally he discusses why other tribes and nations have been left behind in the race of progress. Inventions and discoveries show the similarity of human wants at the same stages of advancement, thus demonstrating the psychic unity of mankind. The idea of property-now an obsession in civilized society-underwent a similar process of growth and development, as did the principles of government. By the "comparative method" of using existing and historical societies as examples of previous stages, the history of human progress could be reconstructed. These parallel lines along the pathways of human progress form the principal subjects of discussion in Ancient Society. In his opening statement Robin Fox argues that social science was wrong to dismiss the comparative method, and paid a great price in the fragmentation of the unity of purpose that Morgan's method provided. Ancient Society's great cultural import with its lasting wisdom will be of interest to scholars and students in the social sciences and all those interested in the question of the unity of the sciences of mankind. Robin Fox is University Professor of Social Theory at Rutgers University. His books include Conjectures and Confrontations, Reproduction and Succession, The Challenge of Anthropology, and Encounter with Anthropology, all available from Transaction.

Blood

A Critique of Christianity
Author: Gil Anidjar
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231537255
Category: Religion
Page: 560
View: 5399
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Blood, according to Gil Anidjar, maps the singular history of Christianity. As a category for historical analysis, blood can be seen through its literal and metaphorical uses as determining, sometimes even defining Western culture, politics, and social practices and their wide-ranging incarnations in nationalism, capitalism, and law. Engaging with a variety of sources, Anidjar explores the presence and the absence, the making and unmaking of blood in philosophy and medicine, law and literature, and economic and political thought from ancient Greece to medieval Spain, from the Bible to Shakespeare and Melville. The prevalence of blood in the social, juridical, and political organization of the modern West signals that we do not live in a secular age into which religion could return. Flowing across multiple boundaries, infusing them with violent precepts that we must address, blood undoes the presumed oppositions between religion and politics, economy and theology, and kinship and race. It demonstrates that what we think of as modern is in fact imbued with Christianity. Christianity, Blood fiercely argues, must be reconsidered beyond the boundaries of religion alone.

Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats

Im Anschluß an Lewis H. Morgan's Forschungen (Classic Reprint)
Author: Friedrich Engels
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9780484093385
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 214
View: 5237
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Excerpt from Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats: Im Anschluß an Lewis H. Morgan's Forschungen S"meine 2lrbeit hat oerfdriehne llebertragungen in fremhe 6prachen erfahren 3uerft italienifch: L'ongme della fam1glia, della propr1etä. Pnvata e delle stato, vers10ne riveduta dall' autore, ch Pasquale Martignetti; Benevento 1885. (R)ann rumanifch: Or1g1na fanule1, propr1etatei private 31 a statului, traducere de Joan Nadegde, in her Saffher 8dtfchri'ft Contem poranul, @epternber 1885 biß 9jiai 1886. Hänifch Fannljens, Pr1vategendommens og Statens Oprindelse' Dansk, af Forfatteren gennemgaaet Udgave, besorget af Gerson Trier. Kobenhavn 1888. Q3ine frangöfifche 11eberfet;ung bon Egenri 8'iadé' her hie gegeniohrtige heutfche 9lußgabe 511 @rnnhe liegt, ift unter her ltreffe.23iß 5um Qiufang her fech5iger 8ahre fann von einer (sie fchichte her %}anrilie nicht hie 9iehe fern. Sie hrftorißhe 26iffen fchaft ftanh auf hiefem @ebiet noch gang, unter hem 6'iiifliiife her fünf 23ücher 9)iofiß. (R)ie harin anßführhdnr alß anher - zuoo ge fchilherte patriarchalrfche C{familienform murhe nicht nur ohne 233eitereß alß hie ältefte angenommen, fonhern inah nach 911) gug her 23ielmeiberei mit her heutigen burgerlhhen ihentifigirt, fo haß eigentlich hie C{yamilie überhaupt feine gefchidn liche @ntmidflung hurchgemacht hatte; hochftenß gab man 511, haß in her llr5eit eine fl3eriohe gefchlechtlicher E)iegellofigieit beftanheu haben fönne. 2lllerhingß tannte man außer her Gruselehe und; hie orientalifche 23ielmeiberei unh hie inhifch=trbetanifdn 231el: männerei; aber hiefe brei i}ormen ließen fich nicht in eine hiftorifdre älieihenfolge orhnen unh figurirten 5ufanrmenhangßloß neben em auber. (c)aß bei em5elnen Qäöllern her alten (8eßhichte, foune bei einigen noch egiftirenhen 28ilhen, hie 9lbftannnung nicht vom 23ater, fonhern bon her ediutter gerechnet, alfo hie merblrehe 33inre alß hie allein gültige angefehn murhe; haß bei oielen heutigen 23iilfern hie Che innerhalb beftimmter größerer, harnalß nicht näher unterfuchter (8ruppen verboten ift, 'unh haß hiefe Sitte fich in allen qbelttheilen finhet hiefe £hatfachen maren 5mar befannt unh eß murhen immer mehr 23eifpiele haoon gefanunelt. 2lber man mußte nichtß hamit anaufangen, unh felbft noch in $hlor'ß Researches into the Early Hrstory of Mankmd ze. 2c (1865) figuriren fie alß bloße fonherbare (c)ebr_äuche neben hem bei einigen 28ilhen geltenhen 23erbot, brennenheß (c)olg mit einem 6;n'en merfaeug 511 berühren, unh ahnlichen religiö[email protected] About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Lines of the Nation

Indian Railway Workers, Bureaucracy, and the Intimate Historical Self
Author: Laura Bear
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231511515
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 6785
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Lines of the Nation radically recasts the history of the Indian railways, which have long been regarded as vectors of modernity and economic prosperity. From the design of carriages to the architecture of stations, employment hierarchies, and the construction of employee housing, Laura Bear explores the new public spaces and social relationships created by the railway bureaucracy. She then traces their influence on the formation of contemporary Indian nationalism, personal sentiments, and popular memory. Her probing study challenges entrenched beliefs concerning the institutions of modernity and capitalism by showing that these rework older idioms of social distinction and are legitimized by forms of intimate, affective politics. Drawing on historical and ethnographic research in the company town at Kharagpur and at the Eastern Railway headquarters in Kolkata (Calcutta), Bear focuses on how political and domestic practices among workers became entangled with the moralities and archival technologies of the railway bureaucracy and illuminates the impact of this history today. The bureaucracy has played a pivotal role in the creation of idioms of family history, kinship, and ethics, and its special categorization of Anglo-Indian workers still resonates. Anglo-Indians were formed as a separate railway caste by Raj-era racial employment and housing policies, and other railway workers continue to see them as remnants of the colonial past and as a polluting influence. The experiences of Anglo-Indians, who are at the core of the ethnography, reveal the consequences of attempts to make political communities legitimate in family lines and sentiments. Their situation also compels us to rethink the importance of documentary practices and nationalism to all family histories and senses of relatedness. This interdisciplinary anthropological history throws new light not only on the imperial and national past of South Asia but also on the moral life of present technologies and economic institutions.

Generations

The Time Machine in Theory and Practice
Author: Ms Judith Burnett
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409492524
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 7837
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Generations: The Time Machine in Theory and Practice challenges the fragmented and diverse use of the concept of generation commonly found in the social sciences. It approaches the concept in a manner that stretches the sociological imagination away from its orientation toward the present by building the concept of the passage of time into our understanding of the social. It proposes an innovative and exciting view of the field of generations, lifting it out from life course and cohort analysis, and reconstituting the area with fresh and dynamic ways of seeing. With its unique, intellectually innovative and sustained critical study of generational work, Generations will appeal to scholars across a range of social sciences and humanities, and will be of particular interest to social theorists and anthropologists, as well as sociologists of social history, consumption, identity and culture.

Relative Values

Reconfiguring Kinship Studies
Author: Sarah Franklin,Susan McKinnon
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822327967
Category: Social Science
Page: 519
View: 614
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DIVA collection of essays that redefine and transform the field of kinship./div

The Indian Journals, 1859-62


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan,Leslie A. White
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486275994
Category: History
Page: 276
View: 3970
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Anthropologist's researches among the Indians of Kansas and Nebraska—kinship systems, social organization, climate, flora and fauna, natural resources, more. 20 illus.

The Reinvention of Primitive Society

Transformations of a Myth
Author: Adam Kuper
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415357609
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 6511
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The Invention of Primitive Society, Adam Kuper's best selling critique of ideas about the origins of society and religion that have been much debated since Darwin, has been hugely influential in anthropology and post-colonial studies. This topical new edition, entitled The Reinvention of Primitive Society, has been thoroughly revised and updated to take account of new research in the field. It coincides with a revival of the myth of primitive society by the 'indigenous peoples' movement', which taps into a widespread popular belief about the noble savage and reflects a romantic reaction against 'civilisation' and 'science'. By way of fascinating accounts of classic texts in anthropology, classical studies and law, the book reveals how wholly mistaken theories can become the basis for academic research and political programmes. In new chapters, Kuper challenges this most recent version of the myth of primitive society and traces conceptions of the barbarian, savage and primitive back through the centuries to ancient Greece. Lucidly written and student friendly, this is the must-have text for those interested in anthropological theory and current post-colonial debates.

New makers of modern culture


Author: Justin Wintle
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780415425537
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 1759
View: 3932
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Takes into account the rise and fall of reputation and influence over the years and the epochal changes that have occurred: the demise of Marxism and the collapse of the Soviet Union; the rise and fall of postmodernism; the eruption of Islamic fundamentalism; and the triumph of the Internet.

Przekładaniec, 2 (2010) vol 24 - English Version


Author: N.A
Publisher: Wydawnictwo UJ
ISBN: 8323386692
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8741
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Urban Dreams and Realities in Antiquity

Remains and Representations of the Ancient City
Author: N.A
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004283897
Category: History
Page: 548
View: 3514
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Urban Dreams and Realities is a collection of articles on cities in ancient cultures, both their physical and conceptual aspects. A wide range of subjects and disciplinary perspectives are represented, especially the archaeology, epigraphy and literature of the Roman Empire.

The American Beaver

A Classic of Natural History and Ecology
Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: Dover Publications
ISBN: N.A
Category: Nature
Page: 330
View: 3898
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Rare landmark study (1868) offers unique historical perspective on fascinating rodent: anatomy and characteristics, habitat, dams, ledges and burrows, food, trapping methods, animal psychology, much more.

League of the Ho-dé-no-sau-nee or Iroquois


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan,Herbert Marshall Lloyd
Publisher: Burt Franklin
ISBN: N.A
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: N.A
View: 5058
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