Lewis Henry Morgan and the Invention of Kinship


Author: Thomas R. Trautmann
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803260067
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 2709
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Lewis Henry Morgan of Rochester, New York, lawyer and pioneering anthropologist, was the leading American contributor of his generation to the social sciences. Among the classic works whose conjunction in the 1860s gave modern anthropology its shape, Morgan's massive and technical Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family was decisive. Thomas R. Trautmann offers a new interpretation of the genesis of "kinship" and of the role it played in late nineteenth-century intellectual history. This Bison Books edition features a new introduction and appendices by the author. Thomas R. Trautmann is a professor of history and anthropology at the University of Michigan. He is the author of several books, including Dravidian Kinship, Aryans and British India, The Aryan Debate, and Languages and Nations: The Dravidian Proof in Colonial Madras.

Kinship and the Social Order.

The Legacy of Lewis Henry Morgan
Author: Meyer Fortes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136535217
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 1796
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Originally published in the UK in 1970. The central argument of this book is that the structuralist theory and method developed by British and American anthropologists in the study of kinship and social organization are the direct descendants of the researches of Lewis Henry Morgan. Re-examining Morgan's work, the book demonstrates how a tradition of mis-interpretation has disguised the true import of Morgan's discoveries and ideas for Rivers and Radcliffe-Brown and the generation of anthropologists inspired by them.

Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803282308
Category: Social Science
Page: 590
View: 8424
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Modern anthropology would be radically different without this book. Published in 1871, this first major study of kinship, inventive and wide-ranging, created a new field of inquiry in anthropology. Drawing partly upon his own fieldwork among American Indians, anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan examined the kinship systems of over one hundred cultures, probing for similarities and differences in their organization. In his attempt to discover particular types of marriage and descent systems across the globe, Morgan demonstrated the centrality of kinship relations in many cultures. Kinship, it was revealed, was an important key for understanding cultures and could be studied through systematic, scientific means. ø Anthropologists continue to wrestle with the premises, methodology, and conclusions of Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity. Scholars such as W. H. R. Rivers, Robert Lowie, Meyer Fortes, Fred Eggan, and Claude Lävi-Strauss have acknowledged their intellectual debt to this study; those less sympathetic to Morgan?s treatment of kinship nonetheless do not question its historical significance and impact on the development of modern anthropology.

After Nature

English Kinship in the Late Twentieth Century
Author: Marilyn Strathern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521426800
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 2394
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Central as kinship has been to the development of British social anthropology, this is the first attempt by an anthropologist to situate ideas about English kinship in a cultural context. Marilyn Strathern challenges the traditional separation of Western kinship studies from the study of the wider society. If contemporary society appears diverse, changing and fragmented, these same features also apply to people's ideas about kinship. She views ideas of relatedness, nature and the biological constitution of persons in their cultural context, and offers new insights into the late twentieth-century values of individualism and consumerism. After Nature is a timely reflection at a moment when advances in reproductive technology raise questions about the natural basis of kinship relations.

League of the Iroquois


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Humor
Page: 477
View: 2017
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A classic ethnographic study which decribes the history, government, social organization, relation, and artistic works of the Indians and pleads for their improved treatment and citizenship

The Genius of Kinship

The Phenomenon of Human Kinship and the Global Diversity of Kinship Terminologies
Author: German Valentinovich Dziebel
Publisher: Cambria Press
ISBN: 1934043656
Category: History
Page: 540
View: 8685
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This highly acclaimed book brings the cumulative results of a century and a half of kinship studies in anthropology into the focus of current debates on the origin of modern humans in Africa and on an entangled bit of human evolutionary history commonly subsumed under the heading of the "peopling of the Americas." This erudite study is based on a database of some 2,500 kinship vocabularies representing roughly 600 African languages, 140 Australian languages, 500 Austronesian languages, 200 Papuan languages, 350 languages of Eurasia (excluding Indo-Europeans), 440 North and Middle American Indian languages, and 200 South American languages. This valuable reference will take the reader to the dawn of kinship studies in the 19th century Western science in order to elicit the wider context of anthropological interest in kinship systems and the interdisciplinary salience of the phenomenon of kinship. The book also examines the founder of kinship studies in anthropology, American lawyer and Iroquois ethnographer, Lewis Henry Morgan, and the circumstances of his life that generated his interest in human kinship. The study ventures into the intricacies of scientific and quasi-scientific debates in the 19th century, and treats 19th century science as embedded in a myth featuring divinity, humanity and animality as principal characters. This account is divided into four sections, each of which is structured as a triad (philosophy, psychology and physiology; logic, semiotics and reproduction; religion, hermeneutics and evolution; law, grammar and speech). This far-reaching historical journey aims at formulating an idea of what human kinship might be all about, especially in the light of the widespread uncertainties about this question caused by the constructivist turn in anthropology. Eventually our ideas regarding human origins, ancient population dispersals and the homeland of modern humans are inextricably linked to our ideas about kinship. As a book that brings together evolutionary and sociocultural anthropology, The Genius of Kinship will be a critical addition for all Anthropology collections.

Medicine, Rationality and Experience

An Anthropological Perspective
Author: Byron Good
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521425766
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 5035
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Medicine supposedly offers a scientific account of the human body and of illness, and it follows that scientific medicine treats all forms of folk medicine as little more than superstitious practices. Professor Good argues that this impoverished perspective neglects many facets of Western medical practice and obscures its kinship with healing in other traditions. Drawing on his own anthropological research in America and the Middle East, his analysis of illness and medicine explores the role of cultural factors in the experience of illness and the practice of medicine.

Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam D. Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442636904
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 5224
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The fifth edition of this bestselling reader builds a strong foundation in both classical and contemporary theory, with a sharpened focus on gender and anthropology, and the anthropology of new media and technology. Short introductions and key terms accompany every reading, and light annotations have been added to aid students in reading original articles. Used on its own or together with A History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition, this anthology offers a flexible and unrivalled introduction to anthropological theory that reflects not only the history but also the changing nature of the discipline today.

The Return of the Gift

European History of a Global Idea
Author: Harry Liebersohn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495496
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 8196
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a history of European interpretations of the gift from the mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth century. Reciprocal gift exchange, pervasive in traditional European society, disappeared from the discourse of nineteenth-century social theory only to return as a major theme in twentieth-century anthropology, sociology, history, philosophy and literary studies. Modern anthropologists encountered gift exchange in Oceania and the Pacific Northwest and returned the idea to European social thought; Marcel Mauss synthesized their insights with his own readings from remote times and places in his famous 1925 essay on the gift, the starting-point for subsequent discussion. The Return of the Gift demonstrates how European intellectual history can gain fresh significance from global contexts.

Reproducing the Future

Essays on Anthropology, Kinship and the New Reproductive Technologies
Author: Marilyn Strathern
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719036743
Category: Anthropology
Page: 200
View: 4979
DOWNLOAD NOW »
These essays, written at the time when the Bill for Human Fertilization and Embryology Act (1990) was going through Parliament, touch on the British debate (on in vitro fertilization, gamete donation and maternal surrogacy) from an anthropological perspective. The implications of the medical developments that lay behind the Act are world-wide and these new procreative possibilities formulate new possibilities for thinking about kinship. The essays are informed by recent re-thinking of models of kinship in Melanesia.

A History of Anthropological Theory, Fifth Edition


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam D. Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442636866
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 1280
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The fifth edition of this bestselling theory text has been revised throughout, with substantial updates, including more on gender and sexuality, and with a new section on Anthropologies of the Digital Age. Keyword definitions have been reinstated in the margins, and biographical information on theorists has been enhanced to build stronger context for readers. On its own or used with the companion volume, Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, this text provides comprehensive coverage in a flexible and easy-to-use format for teaching in the undergraduate anthropology classroom.

Ancient Society; Or, Researches in the Lines of Human Progress from Savagery, Through Barbarism to Civilization


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Civilization
Page: 560
View: 6820
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Ancient Society


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816509249
Category: Social Science
Page: 560
View: 3901
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Lewis Henry Morgan studied the American Indian way of life and collected an enormous amount of factual material on the history of primitive-communal society. All the conclusions he draws are based on these facts; where he lacks them, he reasons back on the basis of the data available to him. He determined the periodization of primitive society by linking each of the periods with the development of production techniques. The Ògreat sequence of inventions and discoveries;Ó and the history of institutions, with each of its three branches Ñ family, property and government Ñ constitute the progress made by human society from its earliest stages to the beginning of civilization. Mankind gained this progress through 'the gradual evolution of their mental and moral powers through experience, and of their protracted struggle with opposing obstacles while winning their way to civilization.'

Kinship, Law and the Unexpected

Relatives are Always a Surprise
Author: Marilyn Strathern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139444956
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 7769
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How can we hold in the same view both cultural or historical constructs and generalities about social existence? Kinship, Law and the Unexpected takes up an issue at the heart of studies of society - the way we use relationships to uncover relationships. Relationality is a phenomenon at once contingent (on certain ways of knowing) and ubiquitous (to social life). The role of relations in western (Euro-American) knowledge practices, from the scientific revolution onwards, raises a question about the extent to which Euro-American kinship is the kinship of a knowledge-based society. The argument takes the reader through current issues in biotechnology, new family formations and legal interventions, and intellectual property debates, to matters of personhood and ownership afforded by material from Melanesia and elsewhere. If we are often surprised by what our relatives do, we may also be surprised by what relations tells us about the world we live in.

Dividends of Kinship

Meanings and Uses of Social Relatedness
Author: Peter P. Schweitzer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415182836
Category: Social Science
Page: 221
View: 7756
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This collection reaffirms the importance of kinship, and of studying kinship, within the framework of social anthropology. The contributors examine both the benefits and burdens of kinship across cultures and explore how 'relatedness' is inextricably linked with other concepts which define people's identities - such as gender, power and history. With examples from a wide range of areas including Austria, Greenland, Portugal, Turkey and the Amazon, it covers themes such as: * how people choose and activate kin * leadership, spiritual power and kinship * inheritance, marriage and social inequality * familial sentiment and economic interest * the role of kinship in Utopian communes Dividends of Kinship provides a timely and critical reappraisal of the place of familial relations in the contemporary world. It will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics in anthropology, and across the social sciences.

An Apache Life-way

The Economic, Social, and Religious Institutions of the Chiricahua Indians
Author: Morris Edward Opler
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803286108
Category: Social Science
Page: 500
View: 1170
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Originally published in 1941, An Apache Life-Way remains one of the most important and innovative studies of southwestern Native Americans, drawing upon a rich and invaluable body of data gathered by the ethnographer Morris Edward Opler during the 1930s. Blending the analysis of individual Apache lives with the analysis of their culture, this landmark study tells of the ceremonies, religious beliefs, social life, and economy of the Chiricahua Apache. Opler traces, in fascinating detail, how a person “becomes an Apache,” beginning with conception, moving through puberty rites, marriage, and the various religious, domestic, and military duties and experiences of adulthood, and concluding with the rites and beliefs surrounding death.

Aryans and British India


Author: Thomas R. Trautmann
Publisher: Yoda Press
ISBN: 9788190227216
Category: India
Page: 260
View: 4576
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this landmark study, Thomas Trautmann delves into the intellectual accomplishments of the languages and nations concept in British India, as well as the darker politics of race hatred which emerged out of it. He challenges the racial hypothesis through a powerful analysis of the feeble evidence upon which it is based. Issued for the first time in paperback format, this edition includes a new Preface in which the author discusses further ideas on the understanding of the Aryan theory and the languages and nations project, as well as the new scholarship supporting such ideas. The new preface also discusses the Aryan debate in contemporary India, which looks for a link between Aryans, Sanskrit, the Veda and the Indus Valley Civilization, and which has in recent times broadened into a tremendously politicized controversy. A compelling and carefully researched work, Aryans and British India has become mandatory reading, since its first publication in 1997, for historians, political scientists and commentators, anthropologists, and linguists, as well as scholars and students of cultural studies.

League of the Ho-dé-no-sau-nee or Iroquois


Author: Lewis Henry Morgan,Herbert Marshall Lloyd
Publisher: Burt Franklin
ISBN: N.A
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: N.A
View: 3483
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Cultures of Relatedness

New Approaches to the Study of Kinship
Author: Janet Carsten
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521656276
Category: Social Science
Page: 215
View: 1304
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Our understanding of what makes a person a relative has been transformed by radical changes in marriage arrangements and gender relations, and by new reproductive technologies. We can no longer take it for granted that our most fundamental social relationships are grounded in "biology" or "nature." Examining the idioms of relatedness in other societies, and ways in which relationship is symbolized and interpreted in our own society, this book challenges established analytic categories of anthropology, and brings into question the received wisdom at the heart of the study of kinship.

The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State


Author: Friedrich Engels
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141958340
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 5252
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884), was a provocative and profoundly influential critique of the Victorian nuclear family. Engels argued that the traditional monogamous household was in fact a recent construct, closely bound up with capitalist societies. Under this patriarchal system, women were servants and, effectively, prostitutes. Only Communism would herald the dawn of communal living and a new sexual freedom and, in turn, the role of the state would become superfluous.