Life of Bone

Art Meets Science
Author: Joni Brenner,Elizabeth Burroughs,Karel Nel
Publisher: Wits University Press
ISBN: 9781868145393
Category: Art
Page: 166
View: 3669
Life of Bone brings into sharp relief, and interrogates, the abutting practices of the scientific and the artistic, practices which have coexisted since the beginning of our species. It is based on an exhibition, scheduled to open in May 2011 at the Origins Centre at the University of the Witwatersrand. This exhibition will display the original fossil skull of the Taung child hominid alongside artworks by Joni Brenner, Gerhard Marx and Karel Nel made specifically in response to these evolutionarily significant remains. This unique combination of paleoanthropological finds and art prompts a range of enquiries on the nature of both artistic and scientific disciplines, and encourages a dialogue between the very distant historic and the contemporary. The creative work produced for this exhibition and the commissioned essays seek to explore issues of influence in various ways. Questions around viewing, and the new ways in which one sees the hominid fossils after viewing contemporary responses and re-imaginings of this material, will be foregrounded. The creative and intellectual engagement with this material probes the human fascination with our origins, provoking questions about the human desire to go further and further back in an evolutionary pattern, until one belongs, and can be placed. The skull, specifically, is more than a scientific object; it is the architecture of consciousness. For humans, the grasp of self and the universe occurs in this small, sealed chamber. Engaging with one's origins is to focus on the nature of life and death, absence and presence.

Multimodal Approaches to Research and Pedagogy

Recognition, Resources, and Access
Author: Arlene Archer,Denise Newfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317999819
Category: Education
Page: 228
View: 5791
This book brings together social semiotics, cultural studies, multiliteracies, and other approaches in order to theorize very different learning environments, giving visibility to the modal effect in a range of disciplines. It highlights the ideological nature of discursive practices, examines questions of access, and argues for transformation of these practices, with a constant eye on issues of social justice and equity. Contributors argue that we can harness learners’ representational resources through making these resources visible, and creating less regulated spaces in the curriculum in which they can be used. Examples from primary education through to adult continuing education are used throughout the text.

Seven Skeletons

The Evolution of the World's Most Famous Human Fossils
Author: Lydia V. Pyne
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0525429859
Category: Science
Page: 276
View: 9686
"A science historian describes seven famous ancestral fossils that have become known around the world, including the three-foot tall "hobbit" from Flores, the Neanderthal of La Chapelle, the Taung Child, the Piltdown Man hoax, Peking Man, Australopithecus sediba and Lucy, "--NoveList.

Multimodality and Social Semiosis

Communication, Meaning-Making, and Learning in the Work of Gunther Kress
Author: Margit Böck,Norbert Pachler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136726853
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 314
View: 4542
Gunther Kress, one of the founders of social semiotics and multimodality, has made lasting contributions to these fields through his work in semiotics and meaning-making; power and identity; agency, design, production; and pedagogy and learning; in varied sites of transformation. This book brings together leading scholars in a variety of disciplines, including social semiotics, pedagogy, linguistics, media and communication studies, new literacy studies, ethnography, academic literacy, literary criticism and, more recently, medical/clinical education, to examine and build upon his work. This disciplinary diversity is evidence of the ways in which Kress' work has influenced and been influenced by a wide range of academic work and intellectual endeavors and how it has been used to lay foundations for theory-building and concept development in a varied yet connected range of areas. The individual contributions to the book pick up the threads of the often collaborative work of the authors with Kress; they show how these approaches were subsequently developed and discuss what future trajectories the authors see for them.

The Origin Of Humankind

Author: Richard Leakey
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0786725222
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 8625
“The name Leakey is synonymous with the study of human origins,” wrote The New York Times. The renowned family of paleontologists—Louis Leakey, Mary Leakey, and their son Richard Leakey—has vastly expanded our understanding of human evolution. The Origin of Humankind is Richard Leakey’s personal view of the development of Homo Sapiens. At the heart of his new picture of evolution is the introduction of a heretical notion: once the first apes walked upright, the evolution of modern humans became possible and perhaps inevitable. From this one evolutionary step comes all the other evolutionary refinements and distinctions that set the human race apart from the apes. In fascinating sections on how and why modern humans developed a social organization, culture, and personal behavior, Leakey has much of interest to say about the development of art, language, and human consciousness.

Shaping Humanity

How Science, Art, and Imagination Help Us Understand Our Origins
Author: John Gurche
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300182023
Category: Art
Page: 345
View: 7928
Describes the process by which the author uses knowledge of fossil discoveries and comparative ape and human anatomy to create forensically accurate representations of human beings' ancient ancestors.

The Fossil Chronicles

How Two Controversial Discoveries Changed Our View of Human Evolution
Author: Dean Falk
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520274466
Category: Social Science
Page: 280
View: 1180
"With wit and authority, Falk tells the parallel stories of two fossil discoveries that surprised the world, revealing the larger significance of these finds. Her lively recounting combines new historical research with her first-hand involvement in controversial interpretations."—Pat Shipman, author of The Animal Connection and The Man Who Found the Missing Link “An absorbing and engagingly personal account, by a leading participant, of two of the major “brain wars” that have raged along the path to our current understanding of human evolution.”--Ian Tattersall, author of The Fossil Trail and Human Origins “In The Fossil Chronicles, Falk engages us with a ‘tale of two brains’. While navigating the surfaces of these ancient brains, she reveals the convolutions of scientific controversies and how personalities and paleopolitics shape the ways we think about human evolution.”—Nina G. Jablonski, author of Skin: A Natural History

Human Beginnings in South Africa

Uncovering the Secrets of the Stone Age
Author: H. J. Deacon,Janette Deacon
Publisher: New Africa Books
ISBN: 9780864864178
Category: Archaeology
Page: 214
View: 8820
The Stone Age is now beginning to be recognised as vital in establishing who we are and where we have come from. This period has long been neglected.

South Africa Today

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: South Africa
Page: N.A
View: 1521

The Skull in the Rock

How a Scientist, a Boy, and Google Earth Opened a New Window on Human Origins
Author: Marc Aronson,Lee Berger
Publisher: National Geographic Books
ISBN: 1426310102
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 64
View: 6664
A collaboration by an award-winning author and the paleontologist renowned for the discovery of Australopithecus sidiba chronicles the riveting story behind one of the most significant archaeological discoveries of all time, explaining its significance for understanding human evolution and how it is shaping the thinking of the scientific community.

Understanding Climate's Influence on Human Evolution

Author: Committee on the Earth system Context for Hominin Evolution,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309148383
Category: Science
Page: 128
View: 3692
The hominin fossil record documents a history of critical evolutionary events that have ultimately shaped and defined what it means to be human, including the origins of bipedalism; the emergence of our genus Homo; the first use of stone tools; increases in brain size; and the emergence of Homo sapiens, tools, and culture. The Earth's geological record suggests that some evolutionary events were coincident with substantial changes in African and Eurasian climate, raising the possibility that critical junctures in human evolution and behavioral development may have been affected by the environmental characteristics of the areas where hominins evolved. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution explores the opportunities of using scientific research to improve our understanding of how climate may have helped shape our species. Improved climate records for specific regions will be required before it is possible to evaluate how critical resources for hominins, especially water and vegetation, would have been distributed on the landscape during key intervals of hominin history. Existing records contain substantial temporal gaps. The book's initiatives are presented in two major research themes: first, determining the impacts of climate change and climate variability on human evolution and dispersal; and second, integrating climate modeling, environmental records, and biotic responses. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution suggests a new scientific program for international climate and human evolution studies that involve an exploration initiative to locate new fossil sites and to broaden the geographic and temporal sampling of the fossil and archeological record; a comprehensive and integrative scientific drilling program in lakes, lake bed outcrops, and ocean basins surrounding the regions where hominins evolved and a major investment in climate modeling experiments for key time intervals and regions that are critical to understanding human evolution.


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780070271340
Category: Biology
Page: 972
View: 7366

Java Man

How Two Geologists Changed Our Understanding of Human Evolution
Author: Carl C. Swisher III,Garniss H. Curtis,Roger Lewin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226787343
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 746
"'Garniss, lend me your knife for a second, will you,' I whispered." So begins Java Man, the inside story of how one discovery—a human skull found on the island of Java—by two geologists shook the foundations of science. By uncovering new evidence about the hominid known as Java man, Carl C. Swisher and Garniss H. Curtis were able to date his fossil remains at 1.7 million years, an age that stunned the scientific community because it pushed back the time when humans migrating out of Africa first reached Eurasia by nearly one million years. Cowritten by the popular science writer Roger Lewin, this is a gripping and informative account of the discovery that breathed new life into the human origins debate. Originally published by Scribner 2000 ISBN: 0-684-80000-4

Marxisms in the 21st Century

Crisis, Critique And Struggle
Author: MIchelle Willaims,Vishwas Satgar
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1868148467
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 4211
The current resurgence of Marxism is based on new sources of inspiration and creativity from movements that seek democratic, egalitarian and ecological alternatives to capitalism. The Marxism of many of these movements is neither dogmatic nor prescriptive, but rather, open, searching, utopian. It revolves around four primary factors: the importance of democracy for an emancipatory project; the ecological limits of capitalism; the crisis of global capitalism; and the learning of lessons from the failures of Marxist-inspired experiments. Marxisms in the Twenty-First Century challenges vanguardist Marxism featured in South Africa and beyond. Featuring leading thinkers from the Left, the book offers provocative ideas on interpreting our current world and serves as an excellent introduction to new ways of thinking about Marxism to students and scholars in the field. Many anti-capitalist traditions and themes - including democracy, globalisation, feminism, critique and ecology inform and shape the contributions in this volume.

Regarding Muslims

From Slavery To Post-Apartheid
Author: Gabeba Baderoon
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1868148521
Category: Social Science
Page: 228
View: 3558
How do Muslims fit into South Africa?s well-known narrative of colonialism, apartheid and post-apartheid? South Africa is infamous for apartheid, but the country?s foundation was laid by 176 years of slavery from 1658 to 1834, which formed a crucible of war, genocide and systemic sexual violence that continues to haunt the country today. Enslaved people from East Africa, India and South East Asia, many of whom were Muslim, would eventually constitute the majority of the population of the Cape Colony, the first of the colonial territories that would eventually form South Africa. Drawing on an extensive popular and official archive, Regarding Muslims analyses the role of Muslims from South Africa?s founding moments to the contemporary period and points to the resonance of these discussions beyond South Africa. It argues that the 350-year archive of images documenting the presence of Muslims in South Africa is central to understanding the formation of concepts of race, sexuality and belonging. In contrast to the themes of extremism and alienation that dominate Western portrayals of Muslims, Regarding Muslims explores an extensive repertoire of picturesque Muslim figures in South African popular culture, which oscillates with more disquieting images that occasionally burst into prominence during moments of crisis. This pattern is illustrated through analyses of etymology, popular culture, visual art, jokes, bodily practices, oral narratives and literature. The book ends with the complex vision of Islam conveyed in the post-apartheid period.

New Scientist

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 7754

Social Anthropology and Human Origins

Author: Alan Barnard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500449
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 6649
The study of human origins is one of the most fascinating branches of anthropology. Yet it has rarely been considered by social or cultural anthropologists, who represent the largest subfield of the discipline. In this powerful study Alan Barnard aims to bridge this gap. Barnard argues that social anthropological theory has much to contribute to our understanding of human evolution, including changes in technology, subsistence and exchange, family and kinship, as well as to the study of language, art, ritual and belief. This book places social anthropology in the context of a widely-conceived constellation of anthropological sciences. It incorporates recent findings in many fields, including primate studies, archaeology, linguistics and human genetics. In clear, accessible style Barnard addresses the fundamental questions surrounding the evolution of human society and the prehistory of culture, suggesting a new direction for social anthropology that will open up debate across the discipline as a whole.


The Beginnings of Humankind
Author: Donald Johanson,Maitland Edey,Maitland Armstrong Edey
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0671724991
Category: Nature
Page: 416
View: 1633
Johanson, the discoverer, in 1974, of "Lucy"--the oldest skelton of an erect-walking human yet found--reports the story of his internationally acclaimed find

In the Footsteps of Eve

The Mystery of Human Origins
Author: Lee R. Berger
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 325
View: 2519
Argues that the discovery of one hundred thousand-year-old fossilized human footprints places the origin of human beings in southern Africa instead of the previously postulated eastern Africa.