Lithic Debitage

Context, Form, Meaning
Author: William Andrefsky, Jr.
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780874807684
Category: Social Science
Page: 279
View: 2664
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Debitage, the by-product flakes and chips from stone tool production, is the most abundant artifact type in prehistoric archaeological sites. For much of the period in which archaeology has employed scientific methodology, debitage has been discarded or ignored as debris. Now archaeologists have begun to recognize its potential to provide information about the kinds of tools produced and the characteristics of the technology being employed. Debitage can even provide clues regarding human organizational systems such as settlement mobility and site functions. This volume brings together some of the most recent research on debitage analysis and interpretation. It presents stone tool production experiments and offers detailed archaeological investigations for interpreting variability at the individual and collective levels. Although there are a number of volumes that focus on general analysis of lithic artifacts, this is the first volume to address debitage and should be of use to a wide range of archaeological researchers.

Lithic Analysis


Author: George H. Odell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306480683
Category: Social Science
Page: 262
View: 7564
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This practical volume does not intend to replace a mentor, but acts as a readily accessible guide to the basic tools of lithic analysis. The book was awarded the 2005 SAA Award for Excellence in Archaeological Analysis. Some focuses of the manual include: history of stone tool research; procurement, manufacture and function; assemblage variability. It is an incomparable source for academic archaeologists, cultural resource and heritage management archaeologists, government heritage agencies, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of archaeology focused on the prehistoric period.

Stacy Reservoir, Dam and Pump Station

Environmental Impact Statement
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4588
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Aurignacian Lithic Economy

Ecological Perspectives from Southwestern France
Author: Brooke S. Blades
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306471884
Category: Social Science
Page: 211
View: 3384
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Drawing data from a classic region for Paleolithic research in Europe, this book explores how early modern humans obtained lithic raw materials and analyzes the different utilization patterns for locally available materials compared with those from a greater distance. The author locates these patterns within an ecological context and argues that early modern humans selected specific mobility strategies to accommodate changes in subsistence environments.

Proposed United States Penitentiary, Lompoc

Environmental Impact Statement
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 4
View: 763
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Toward a Behavioral Ecology of Lithic Technology

Cases from Paleoindian Archaeology
Author: Todd A. Surovell
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816599521
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 9032
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Modern humans and their hominid ancestors relied on chipped-stone technology for well over two million years and colonized more than 99 percent of the Earth's habitable landmass in doing so. Yet there currently exist only a handful of informal models derived from ethnographic observation, experiments, engineering, and "common sense" to explain variability in archaeological lithic assemblages. Because the fundamental processes of making, using, and discarding stone tools are, at root, exercises in problem solving, Todd Surovell asks what conditions favor certain technological solutions. Whether asking if a biface should be made thick or thin or if a flake should be saved or discarded, Surovell seeks answers that extend beyond a case-by-case analysis. One avenue for addressing these questions theoretically is formal mathematical modeling. Here Surovell constructs a series of models designed to link environmental variability to human decision making as it pertains to lithic technology. To test the models, Surovell uses data from the analysis of more than 40,000 artifacts from five Rocky Mountain and Northern Plains Folsom and Goshen complex archaeological sites dating to the Younger Dryas stadial (ca. 12,600-11,500 years BP). The primary result is the production of powerful new analytical tools useful to the interpretation of archaeological assemblages. Surovell's goal is to promote modeling and explore the general issues governing technological decisions. In this light, his models can be applied to any context in which stone tools are made and used.

Lithics

Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis
Author: William Andrefsky, Jr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139448196
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 635
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This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky Jr's ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis. Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris. Introducing the reader to lithic raw materials, classification, terminology and key concepts, it comprehensively explores methods and techniques, presenting detailed case studies of lithic analysis from around the world. It examines new emerging techniques, such as the advances being made in lithic debitage analysis and lithic tool analysis, and includes a new section on stone tool functional studies. An extensive and expanded glossary makes this book an invaluable reference for archaeologists at all levels.

Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology

Examining Technology Through Production and Use
Author: Jeffrey R. Ferguson
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 9781607320234
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 2208
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Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology is a guide for the design of archaeological experiments for both students and scholars. Experimental archaeology provides a unique opportunity to corroborate conclusions with multiple trials of repeatable experiments and can provide data otherwise unavailable to archaeologists without damaging sites, remains, or artifacts. Each chapter addresses a particular classification of material culture-ceramics, stone tools, perishable materials, composite hunting technology, butchering practices and bone tools, and experimental zooarchaeology-detailing issues that must be considered in the development of experimental archaeology projects and discussing potential pitfalls. The experiments follow coherent and consistent research designs and procedures and are placed in a theoretical context, and contributors outline methods that will serve as a guide in future experiments. This degree of standardization is uncommon in traditional archaeological research but is essential to experimental archaeology. The field has long been in need of a guide that focuses on methodology and design. This book fills that need not only for undergraduate and graduate students but for any archaeologist looking to begin an experimental research project.

Contemporary Lithic Analysis in the Southeast

Problems, Solutions, and Interpretations
Author: Philip J. Carr,Andrew P. Bradbury,Sarah E. Price
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817356991
Category: History
Page: 253
View: 6163
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Normal0falsefalsefalseEN-USX-NONEX-NONEMicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Representing work by a mixture of veterans and a new generation of lithic analysts, Contemporary Lithic Analysis in the Southeast explores fresh ideas while reworking and pushing the limits of traditional methods and hypotheses. The variability in the southeastern lithic landscape over space and through time makes it a dynamic and challenging region for archaeologists. Demonstrating a holistic approach and using a variety of methods, this volume aims to derive information regarding prehistoric lifeways from lithic assemblages. The contributors use data from a wide temporal span and a variety of sites across the Southeast, ranging from Texas to South Carolina and from Florida to Kentucky. Not merely cautionary tales, these case studies demonstrate the necessity of looking beyond the bag of lithic material sitting in the laboratory to address the key questions in the organization of prehistoric lithic technologies. How do field-collection strategies bias our interpretations? What is therelationship between technological strategies and tool design? How can inferences regarding social and economic strategies be made from lithic assemblages? Contributors William Andrefsky Jr. / Andrew P. Bradbury / Philip J. Carr / CarolynConklin / D. Randall Cooper / Jason L.Edmonds / Jay D. Franklin / Albert C.Goodyear III / Joel Hardison / Lucinda M.Langston / D. Shane Miller / George H.Odell / Charlotte D. Pevny / Tara L. Potts /Sarah E. Price / Douglas Sain / Sarah C.Sherwood / Ashley M. Smallwood /Paul Thacker

Cultural Resources Inventory of the NMERI Test Site, Zia Pueblo Reservation, New Mexico


Author: Timothy J. Seaman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Archaeological surveying
Page: 268
View: 5149
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Prehistoric Quarries and Lithic Production


Author: Jonathon E. Ericson,Barbara A. Purdy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521256223
Category: History
Page: 149
View: 7229
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This book was originally published in 1984. For over a million years rocks provided human beings with the essential raw materials for the production of tools. Nevertheless we still know very little about the behaviour and processes that resulted in the creation of archaeological sites at or near lithic quarries. In the past archaeologists have placed much emphasis on the process of 'exchange' in their analysis of prehistoric economies while largely ignoring the sources of the exchanged objects. However, with the development of interest in the means of production, these sites have begun to take on a new significance. Prehistoric Quarries and Lithic Production is the first systematic study of archaeological sites that served as quarries for stone tools. Its theoretical and methodological importance will extend its appeal beyond those archaeologists concerned with lithic technology and prehistoric exchange systems to archaeologists and anthropologists in general and to geographers and geologists.

Unit Issues in Archaeology

Measuring Time, Space, and Material
Author: Ann Felice Ramenofsky,Anastasia Steffen
Publisher: University of Utah Press
ISBN: 9780874805482
Category: Social Science
Page: 245
View: 9200
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As the contributors to this well-edited book make clear the process of splitting up and classifying the material record of constantly changing life is still a highly controversial and theoretical one. Some of the papers discuss how typologies are created to split one type of stone tool from another. Another paper focuses on the classification of landscape units examining issues such as the identification of `sites' during intensive survey. Such different fields of enquiry (imposing order on `time', `space' and `material') are pulled together by a great introduction which defines the problem and suggests theoretical ways of approaching it.

Dolores archaeological program

field investigations and analysis, 1978
Author: David A. Breternitz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Archaeology
Page: 274
View: 707
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Ala-Jalve

spatial, technological, and behavioral analyses of the lithic assemblage from a Stone Age-Early Metal Age site in Utsjoki, Finnish Lapland
Author: Tuija Rankama
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 146
View: 2359
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Variety of analyses concerning the artefact assemblage of the Ala-Jalve site in Utsjoki, northernmost Finnland. This study focuses on morphological and spatial analyses of lithic debitage, an artefact category, oft-forgotten but constituting 94% of the site. In this way problems concerning chronology, dates and relationships with culture history of the surrounding area could be resolved.

Human Expeditions

Inspired by Bruce Trigger
Author: Stephen Chrisomalis,André Costopoulos
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442664568
Category: Social Science
Page: 316
View: 4809
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In its 2007 obituary of Bruce Trigger (1937–2006), the Times of London referred to the Canadian anthropologist and archaeologist as “Canada’s leading prehistorian” and “one of the most influential archaeologists of his time.” Trained at Yale University and a faculty member at McGill University for more than forty years, he was best known for his History of Archaeological Thought, which the Times called “monumental.” Trigger inspired scholars all over the world through his questioning of assumptions and his engagement with social and political causes. Human Expeditions pays tribute to Trigger’s immense legacy by bringing together cutting edge work from internationally recognized and emerging researchers inspired by his example. Covering the length and breadth of Trigger’s wide-ranging interests – from Egyptology to the history of archaeological theory to North American aboriginal cultures – this volume highlights the diversity of his academic work and the magnitude of his impact in many different areas of scholarship.

The Wisconsin Archeologist


Author: Charles Edward Brown
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Archaeology
Page: N.A
View: 3553
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Cultural Evolution

Contemporary Viewpoints
Author: Gary M. Feinman,Linda Manzanilla
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306462405
Category: History
Page: 269
View: 3068
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Drawing on Kent Flannery's forty years of cross-cultural research in the area, the contributors to this collection reflect the current diversity of contemporary approaches to the study of cultural evolutionary processes. Collectively the volume expresses the richness of the issues being investigated by comparative theorists interested in long-term change, as well as the wide variety of data, approaches, and ideas that researchers are employing to examine these questions.

Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations


Author: Piers D. Mitchell
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472449096
Category: History
Page: 290
View: 9986
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Sanitation and intestinal health is something we often take for granted today. However, people living in many regions of the developing world still suffer with debilitating diseases due to the lack of sanitation. Despite its clear impact upon health in modern times, sanitation in past populations is a topic that has received surprisingly little attention. This book brings together key experts from around the world to explore fascinating aspects of life in the past relevant to sanitation, and how that affected our ancestors. By its end readers will realize that toilets were in use in ancient Mesopotamia even before the invention of writing, and that flushing toilets with anatomic seats were a technology of ancient Greece at the time of the minotaur myth. They will see how sanitation compared in ancient Rome and medieval London, and will take a virtual walk around the sanitation of York at the time of the Vikings. Readers will also understand which intestinal parasites infected humans in different regions of the world over different time periods, what these parasites tell us about early human evolution, later population migrations, past diet, lifestyle, and the effects of sanitation technology. There is good evidence that over the millennia people in the past realized that sanitation mattered. They invented toilets, cleaner water supplies, drains, waste disposal and sanitation legislation. While past views on sanitation were very different to those of today, it is clear than many past societies took sanitation much more seriously than was previously thought.