Male and Female Circumcision

Medical, Legal, and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice
Author: George C. Denniston,Frederick Mansfield Hodges,Marilyn Fayre Milos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0585399379
Category: Medical
Page: 547
View: 8740
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Every year around the world 13.3 million boys and 2 million girls have part or all of their external sex organs cut off. Doctors, parents, and politicians have been misled into thinking that these mutilations are beneficial, necessary and harmless. International respected experts in the fields of medicine, science, politics, law, ethics, sociology, anthropology, history and religion present the latest research, documentation and analysis of this world-wide problem, focusing on the ethical, political and legal aspects of sexual mutilation; the cost and burden to healthcare systems; the latest medical research; anatomical and function consequences; religious and cultural aspects; psychological aspects; and the world-wide campaign to end sexual mutilation.

Understanding Circumcision

A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem
Author: George C. Denniston,Frederick Mansfield Hodges,Marilyn Fayre Milos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475733518
Category: Medical
Page: 404
View: 8708
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Every year, in the United States and the third world combined, 13.3 million boys and 2 million girls are circumcised. Whether because of perceived medical, cultural, or religious necessity, most of these parents feel they have no alternative but to allow their children to undergo this surgery. Sparking intense debate, the circumcision of children is a highly controversial and complex phenomenon that touches a variety of sociological areas, such as religious beliefs, identity issues, medical conceptualizations, fear, and superstition. The contributors to this volume comprise an international panel of experts in the fields of medicine, psychology, law, ethics, sociology, anthropology, history, theology, and politics. In 18 chapters they discuss the history of circumcision; document the physical and psychological consequences of circumcision; present the latest anatomical discoveries about the male prepuce; analyze the role of circumcision in various traditions; reveal the medical industry's investment in the practice; describe current legislative efforts to protect children from circumcision; and outline effective, culturally sensitive methods that are being implemented today to safeguard the human rights of at-risk children. For its insights into this troubling aspect of culture, Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem is a critically important contribution to the growing body of literature on this subject.

Cuts and Criminality

Body Alteration in Legal Discourse
Author: Theodore Bennett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317155408
Category: Law
Page: 274
View: 7656
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This book investigates how and why the criminal law differentiates between different types of body alterations, with particular reference to how they are conceptualised within legal discourse. By drawing connections between types of body alteration that have traditionally been considered separately and discretely, the book allows analytical conclusions to be made about the law’s treatment of the general category of ‘body alteration’ rather than merely about specific types of body alteration. Taking legal discourse as its analytical focus, the author critically examines a number of case studies to determine the techniques and processes by which some body alterations are discursively constructed as legitimate and legally approved, and by which other body alterations are discursively constructed as illegitimate and legally sanctioned. Specifically, the body alterations that are addressed include sadomasochistic injuries; female genital modification and male circumcision; cosmetic surgery, body modification and healthy limb amputation; and sex reassignment surgery and genital ‘normalisation’ surgery. International in scope, the discursive analysis in the book will be of interest to academics and researchers working in the areas of socio-legal and cultural studies.

What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About(TM): Circumcision

Untold Facts on America's Most Widely Perfomed-and Most Unnecessary-Surgery
Author: Paul M. Fleiss,Frederick M. Hodges
Publisher: Grand Central Publishing
ISBN: 9780759527515
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 320
View: 875
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This guide aims to explode the myths and misinformation about circumcision in an accessible, easy-to-read format. After describing the anatomy of the penis, the book explains the procedure, describes the risks associated and debunks the six most common reasons doctors will give when recommending it.

Bodily Integrity and the Politics of Circumcision

Culture, Controversy, and Change
Author: George C. Denniston,Pia Grassivaro Gallo,Frederick M. Hodges,Marilyn Fayre Milos,Franco Viviani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402049161
Category: Medical
Page: 270
View: 2961
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Every year 13.3 millions boys and 2 million girls are subjected to circumcision, the involuntary removal of part or all of their external sex organs. Bodily Integrity and the Politics of Circumcision illuminates the vulnerability of human society to medical, economic, and historical pressures. It provides a much-needed, thoughtful, and detailed analysis of the devastating impact of circumcision on bodily integrity and human rights, and it provides hope for change.

Circumcision and Human Rights


Author: George Denniston,Frederick Hodges,Marilyn Fayre Milos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402091672
Category: Medical
Page: 273
View: 4201
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“There is hardly a reason to circumcise a little boy for medical reasons because those medical reasons don’t exist”, said Dr. Michael Wilks, Head of Ethics at the British Medical Association, who admitted that doctors have circumcised boys for “no good reason”. In the United States, parts of Africa, the Middle East, and in the Muslim world, 13.3 million infant boys and 2 million girls have part or all of their external sex organs cut off for reasons that defy logic and violate basic human rights. Doctors, parents, and politicians have been misled into thinking that circumcision is beneficial, necessary, and harmless. In Circumcision and human rights, internationally respected experts in the fields of medicine, science, politics, law, ethics, sociology, anthropology, history, and religion present the latest research on this tragedy, as a part of the worldwide campaign to end sexual mutilation. They outline steps for eradicating this abusive practice to enable males and females the dignity of living out their lives with all the body parts with which they were born.

Cutting to the core

exploring the ethics of contested surgeries
Author: David Benatar
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: 9780742550018
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 236
View: 6242
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Surgery inevitably inflicts some harm on the body. At the very least, it damages the tissue that is cut. These harms are often clearly outweighed by the overall benefits to the patient. But what if the benefits of surgery do not outweigh the harms? Cutting to the Core examines a range of controversial surgeries including infant circumcision, female genital cutting, the separation of conjoined twins, surgical sex assignment and reassignment, and limb and face transplantation. When, if ever, do the benefits of these surgeries outweigh their costs? Should a surgeon perform dangerous procedures that are not clearly of benefit, even if the patient consents to them? Recognized scholars in medical ethics, law, health policy, and philosophy consider the ethics of these contested surgeries in this groundbreaking collection. Book jacket.

Reproductive Health and Human Rights

Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law
Author: Rebecca J. Cook,Bernard M. Dickens,Mahmoud F. Fathalla
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191553832
Category: Philosophy
Page: 582
View: 3577
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The concept of reproductive health promises to play a crucial role in improving women's health and rights around the world. It was internationally endorsed by a United Nations conference in 1994, but remains controversial because of the challenge it presents to conservative agencies: it challenges policies of suppressing public discussion on human sexuality and regulating its private expressions. Reproductive Health and Human Rights is designed to equip healthcare providers and administrators to integrate ethical, legal, and human rights principles in protection and promotion of reproductive health, and to inform lawyers and women's health advocates about aspects of medicine and healthcare systems that affect reproduction. Rebecca Cook, Bernard Dickens, and Mahmoud Fathalla, leading international authorities on reproductive medicine, human rights, medical law, and bioethics, integrate their disciplines to provide an accessible but comprehensive introduction to reproductive and sexual health. They analyse fifteen case-studies of recurrent problems, focusing particularly on resource-poor settings. Approaches to resolution are considered at clinical and health system levels. They also consider kinds of social change that would relieve the underlying conditions of reproductive health dilemmas. Supporting the explanatory chapters and case-studies are extensive resources of epidemiological data, human rights documents, and research materials and websites on reproductive and sexual health. In explaining ethics, law, and human rights to healthcare providers and administrators, and reproductive health to lawyers and women's health advocates, the authors explore and illustrate limitations and dysfunctions of prevailing health systems and their legal regulation, but also propose opportunities for reform. They draw on the values and principles of ethics and human rights recognized in national and international legal systems, to guide healthcare providers and administrators, lawyers, governments, and national and international agencies and legal tribunals. Reproductive Health and Human Rights will be an invaluable resource for all those working to improve services and legal protection for women around the world. Updates to this book, and information on translations to French, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese and Arabic are now available at www.law.utoronto.ca/faculty/cook/ReproductiveHealth.html

Female Genital Mutilation

Legal, Cultural, and Medical Issues
Author: Rosemarie Skaine
Publisher: McFarland Publishing
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 321
View: 9792
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"This book discusses the definition and types of FGM and explores the common justifications for the practice, along with the incidence in Africa, global laws, legal issues, rights and religion. Ethical considerations are examined, as are progress and therole of culture. The book concludes with thoughts on the movement from tradition to cultural evolution"--Provided by publisher.

From Abraham to America

a history of Jewish circumcision
Author: Eric Kline Silverman
Publisher: Altamira Pr
ISBN: 9780742516687
Category: History
Page: 303
View: 3267
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Silverman's new book is a comprehensive overview of Jewish circumcision throughout history. Beginning with Genesis, the author traces paradoxes and tensions in biblical-Jewish circumcision as seen both within Judaism and from the dominant, non-Jewish culture, and ends with the current debate over Jewish and routine medical circumcision in America. This book is essential reading in Jewish studies, medical sociology, and Judaic studies/theology.

Psychology of Individual Differences: Clinical and applied research


Author: Gregory John Boyle,Donald H. Saklofske
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Individual differences
Page: N.A
View: 3968
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Law and human behavior


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8200
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Genital Cutting: Protecting Children from Medical, Cultural, and Religious Infringements


Author: George C. Denniston,Frederick M. Hodges,Marilyn Fayre Milos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400764073
Category: Medical
Page: 337
View: 6486
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Circumcision, Genital Integrity, and Human Rights. Authors are international experts in their fields, and the book contains the most up-to-date information on the issue of genital cutting of infants and children from medical, legal, bioethical, and human rights perspectives.

Female Genital Mutilation

An Overview
Author: Nahid Toubia,Susan Izett,World Health Organization
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Clitoridectomy.
Page: 73
View: 9859
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2. Prevalence and epidemiology

Male and Female Circumcision


Author: Sami Awad Aldeeb Abu-Sahlieh
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 400
View: 3057
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"Originally published in Arabic and also translated into French, Dr. Aldeeb now makes his landmark study of male and female circumcision available to an English speaking audience. Dr. Aldeeb is an advocate in the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law and a leading figure in human rights issues. This major work explores the issues of circumcision in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam from religious, legal, medical, and social perspectives. It serves as both a major reference work for the subject and a monumental statement of human rights."

The morality and law of war


Author: Universiṭah ha-ʻIvrit bi-Yerushalayim. Faḳulṭah le-mishpaṭim
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 851
View: 9498
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Sexual Mutilations

A Human Tragedy
Author: George C. Denniston,Marilyn Fayre Milos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475726791
Category: Psychology
Page: 237
View: 6130
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Sexual mutilation is a global problem that affects 15. 3 million children and young adults annually. In terms of gender, 13. 3 million boys and 2 million girls are involuntarily subjected to sexual mutilation every year. While it is tempting to quantify and compare the amount of tissue removed from either gender, no ethical justification can be made for removing any amount of flesh from the body of another person. The violation of human rights implicit in sexual mutilation is identical for any gender. The violation occurs with the first cut into another person 's body. Although mutilation is a strong term, it precisely and accurately describes a condi tion denoting "any disfigurement or injury by removal or destruction of any conspicuous or essential part of the body. " While such terms as "circumcision" and "genital cutting" are less threatening to our sensitivities, they ultimately do a disservice by masking the fact of what is actually being done to babies and children. Although the courageous example of the survivors of sexual mutilation indicates that humans can certainly live and even re produce without all of their external sexualorgans, this biological phenomenon does not, however, justify subjecting a person to sexual mutilation. The remarkable resilience of the human body is a testament to the importance nature places on reproduction rather than a vindication for surgical practices that compromise this function.

A Companion to Muslim Ethics


Author: Amyn B. Sajoo
Publisher: I B Tauris & Company Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 204
View: 4244
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Taking ethics seriously means coming to terms with the real world where our sense of right and wrong plays out. At their best, faith traditions require daily life to face the tests of philosophy --- and confront philosophy with the tests of daily living. If faith-inspired ethics govern all of one's life, guiding values must constantly be interpreted to reach a practical result. Does this make ethics into laws that bind in the name of a community of virtue? Where would that leave one's choice on how to live the good life? Muslims have grappled with the answers for the better part of fourteen centuries in matters of law, social practice and theology. Indeed, this is what the Quran is really about, in calling on `those possessed of minds' to strive for belief with a social conscience. A Companion to Muslim Ethics journeys into Islam's conception of the good, shared with other great traditions --- and the ways in which its teachings find expression in political, social and religious life. Leading experts look at gender equality, ecology, nonviolence, dispute resolution, health and finance as much as the traditions of art, narrative and intellectual debate. This book will appeal to all those interested in how reason, faith and circumstance shape moral choices in an increasingly globalised world.

Recent Acquisitions


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law libraries
Page: N.A
View: 8707
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Female Circumcision and Clitoridectomy in the United States

A History of a Medical Treatment
Author: Sarah B. Rodriguez
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 158046498X
Category: Medical
Page: 292
View: 3850
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An engaging and surprising history of surgeries on the clitoris, revealing what the therapeutic use of female circumcision and clitoridectomy tells us about American medical ideas concerning the female body and female sexuality.