Max Weber and Islam


Author: Toby E. Huff,Wolfgang Schluchter
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412828215
Category: Religion
Page: 332
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Max Weber and Islam is a major effort by Islamic-studies specialists to reexamine and appraise Max Weber's perspectives on Islam and its historical development. Eight specialists on Islam and two sociologists explore many dimensions of Weber's comments on Islam, along with Weber's conceptual framework. The volume's introduction links the discussions to contemporary issues and debates. Wolfgang Schluchter reconstructs Weber's conceptual apparatus as it applies to Islam and its historical development. In subsequent chapters, Islamic specialists consider such major topics as the developmental history of Islam, Islamic fundamentalism, Islamic reform, Islamic law and capitalism, secularization in Islam, as well as the value of attempting to apply Weber's concept of sects to Islam. While some authors find flaws in Weber's factual knowledge of Islam, they also find considerable merit in the kinds of questions Weber raised. Contributors to the volume include highly respected contemporary international scholars of Islam: Ira Lapidus, Nehemia Levtzion, Richard M. Eaton, Peter Hardy, Rudolph Peters, Barbara Metcalf, Francis Robinson, Patricia Crone, Michael Cook, and S.N. Eisenstadt. Toby Huff's introduction not only knits the thematics of the separate essays together but adds its own stresses while engaging the contributors in dialogue and debate about fundamental issues. This acute collective analysis establishes a new benchmark for understanding Weber and Islam. This book also provides an up-to-date overview of the developmental history of many aspects of Islam. A major reappraisal of the entire span of Max Weber's sociological thought on Islam, this book will appeal to a wide range of scholars and laymen interested in the Islamic world. It will be of particular interest to sociologists specializing in religion and Middle East area specialists. Toby E. Huff is professor of sociology at the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. He is editor of On the Roads to Modernity: Conscience, Science and Civilization--Selected Writings by Benjamin Nelson and the author of Max Weber and the Methodology of the Social Sciences and The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China, and the West. Wolfgang Schluchter is professor of sociology at the University of Heidelberg and dean of the Max Weber Center for Advanced Studies at the University of Erfurt.

Weber and Islam


Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415174589
Category: Social Science
Page: 212
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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ancient Judaism


Author: Max Weber
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439119181
Category: Religion
Page: 528
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Weber’s classic study which deals specifically with: Types of Asceticism and the Significance of Ancient Judaism, History and Social Organization of Ancient Palestine, Political Organization and Religious Ideas in the Time of the Confederacy and the Early Kings, Political Decline, Religious Conflict and Biblical Prophecy.

The Sociology of Religion


Author: Max Weber
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 9780807042052
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 5734
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Translated by Ephraim Fischoff With a new Foreword by Ann Swidler

Max Weber, Democracy and Modernization


Author: Ralph Schroeder
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349268364
Category: Social Science
Page: 206
View: 872
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These essays bring Weber's sociology to bear on the current transformation of the political landscape. After the collapse of communism, many states are faced with the challenges of democratization: they need to establish their legitimacy in an uncertain economic climate and within a new geopolitical order. The essays in this volume develop Weberian concepts and apply his comparative-historical method to deepen our understanding of these problems. They cover a wide range of examples, from the United States to Western and Eastern Europe, and from Russia and Japan to the Islamic states.

Islam Observed

Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia
Author: Clifford Geertz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226285115
Category: Religion
Page: 136
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"In four brief chapters," writes Clifford Geertz in his preface, "I have attempted both to lay out a general framework for the comparative analysis of religion and to apply it to a study of the development of a supposedly single creed, Islam, in two quite contrasting civilizations, the Indonesian and the Moroccan." Mr. Geertz begins his argument by outlining the problem conceptually and providing an overview of the two countries. He then traces the evolution of their classical religious styles which, with disparate settings and unique histories, produced strikingly different spiritual climates. So in Morocco, the Islamic conception of life came to mean activism, moralism, and intense individuality, while in Indonesia the same concept emphasized aestheticism, inwardness, and the radical dissolution of personality. In order to assess the significance of these interesting developments, Mr. Geertz sets forth a series of theoretical observations concerning the social role of religion.

Weber & Islam


Author: N.A
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780415757331
Category: Reference
Page: 232
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Accounting, Capitalism and the Revealed Religions

A Study of Christianity, Judaism and Islam
Author: Vassili Joannidès de Lautour
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319323334
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 174
View: 624
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This book analyses the bearing of global monotheistic faiths towards the philosophy and practice of record keeping and accounting throughout history. The author offers a comprehensive discussion of the literal and figurative processes of taking account and ascribing accountability that link religions such as Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Chapters address theology and accounting in tandem with social behaviours to demonstrate how auditing and calculating customs permeate practising religions. This book first highlights how the four monotheisms have viewed and incorporated accounting historically, and then looks forward to the accounting debates, technologies and traditions in today’s world that derive from these religious customs. Drawing heavily on the writings of Max Weber and Werner Sombart, the author demonstrates that accounting and capitalism have religious roots far beyond the Protestant ethic.

The Sociology of Islam

Collected Essays of Bryan S. Turner
Author: Bryan S. Turner,Kamaludeen Mohamed Nasir
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317015312
Category: Religion
Page: 324
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Taking a thematic approach, Bryan S. Turner draws together his writings which explore the relationship between Islam and the ideas of Western social thinkers. Turner engages with the broad categories of capitalism, orientalism, modernity, gender, and citizenship among others, as he examines how Muslims adapt to changing times and how Islam has come to be managed by those in power.

Max Weber and Methodology of Social Science


Author: T. Huff
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351506528
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
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Huff provides a rare, full-scale study of the origins and development of Max Weber's methodology, which focuses on Weber's neglected early methodological essays that were not translated into English until the 1970s. He explores Weber's writings in light of developments in postempiricist philosophy of science, and shows that Weber was well aware of the epistemological foundations of the descriptive psychology school, whose intellectual heir was Husserl. This volume will help scholars and students understand in the broadest sense the issues central to the logic of social scientifi c explanation, and will appeal to philosophers, sociologists, political scientists, as well as scholars of Weber.

Rulers, Religion, and Riches

Why the West Got Rich and the Middle East Did Not
Author: Jared Rubin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110703681X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 6644
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For centuries following the spread of Islam, the Middle East was far ahead of Europe. Yet, the modern economy was born in Europe. Why was it not born in the Middle East? In this book Jared Rubin examines the role that Islam played in this reversal of fortunes. It argues that the religion itself is not to blame; the importance of religious legitimacy in Middle Eastern politics was the primary culprit. Muslim religious authorities were given an important seat at the political bargaining table, which they used to block important advancements such as the printing press and lending at interest. In Europe, however, the Church played a weaker role in legitimizing rule, especially where Protestantism spread (indeed, the Reformation was successful due to the spread of printing, which was blocked in the Middle East). It was precisely in those Protestant nations, especially England and the Dutch Republic, where the modern economy was born.

Weber and Islam


Author: Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780415174510
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
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This set of monographs presents a broad and comprehensive overview of European views on Weber's relevance to twentieth-century sociology. A combination of translations and original writings in English, they represent a sophisticated and contemporary cross-section of comment on his analysis of modern institutions. A common theme to all of these works is a concern for Weber's relevance to the study of industrial and capitalist civilization. There is also a strong focus on political and economic issues in his sociology. Many of these volumes are, in themselves, individual classics. As a whole these represent one of the best collections on Weber in English and offer a fundamental research archive and library resource. They are available as a set or as individual volumes. Contents: From History to Sociology, Antoni (1940): 0-415-17452-X: Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait, Reinhard Bendix (1966): 0-415-17453-8: The Sociology of Max Weber, J. Freund (1966): 0-415-17454-6: Max Weber and German Politics, J.P. Mayer (1955): 0-415-17455-4: 0 Max Weber and Modern Sociology, A. Sahay (1971): 0-415-17456-2: Weber and Islam, B. Turner (1974): 0-415-17458-9: Weber and the Marxist World, J. Weiss (1981): 0-415-17457-0:

Charisma and Religious Authority

Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Preaching, 1200-1500
Author: Katherine Ludwig Jansen,Miri Rubin
Publisher: Brepols Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 260
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This series is concerned with the relationship between religon, society, culture, and identity in Europe from the early medieval period to the end of the ancien regime, with particular emphasis on continuity and transformation within urban religious life and institutions. The series concentrates on medieval on Europe, though may also include North Africa and the Middle East, with a particular emphasis on studies that focus on history in the longue duree. This volume of essays concentrates on the effects of preaching in late medieval and early modern Europe, particularly through the concept of charisma, a term introduced into the discussion of religion and politics by Max Weber, Used by Weber, the term indicates the power of a person to move others to action, to animate and mobilize them. The late medieval and early modern periods witnessed the emergence of preachers who became powerful public figures central to the mobilization of populations towards religious reform or crusades. Such preachers were also enmeshed in civic life and the life of courts. Super-preachers like Bernardino of Siena and John of Capestrano shaped opinion on a wide range of issues: the ethics of business, marriage and gender relations, attitudes towards minorities, the poor and social responsibility, as well as the role of kings and other rulers in society. Preaching events were the mass media of the day, and in their wake could follow pogrom, lay revival, crusade, peace movement, or reconciliation within a faction-riven city. The power of these events was great and not merely confined to the Christian community. This volume introduces for the first time a comparative dimension which looks at the theme of charisma and religious authority in the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim preaching traditions.

Marx and Weber on Oriental Societies

In the Shadow of Western Modernity
Author: Lutfi Sunar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317100115
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
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The Orient was central to the work of Marx and Weber, both figures building their theories around the question of why modernity appeared to emerge only in the West. While Marx’s account focused on the accumulation of capital in the West, Weber’s explanation for this phenomenon centred on Western rationalization. Extending recent work comparing the social theories of Marx and Weber, this book examines their approaches to Oriental societies, showing how, in spite of the differences in their respective theorizations of the historical and political development of the West, their work on the form of modern society in the Orient converges, each complementing the other. Fully conversant with recent scholarly work on Marx and Weber, this comprehensive re-examination of the points of convergence and departure in their work requires us to re-evaluate both their positions in the history of sociology and their relevance to contemporary social questions. As such, it will appeal to scholars of social and political theory and classical sociology.

Max Weber: From History to Modernity


Author: Profesor Bryan S Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134849559
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
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This wide-ranging and assured book, written by one of the leading Weber scholars in the English-speaking world, shows us the many sides of Max Weber. The book provides an authoritative guide to the current burning issues in social theory, religion, rationalization, the body, modernization and capitalism. It will be essential reading for anyone interested in Weber's claim that the aim of sociology must be to explain what is distinctive about the times in which we live.

State, Society, and Law in Islam

Ottoman Law in Comparative Perspective
Author: Haim Gerber
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791418772
Category: Law
Page: 233
View: 6496
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This book explores the legal structure of the Ottoman Empire between the sixteenth and early nineteenth centuries and examines its association with the Empire's sociopolitical structure. The author's main focus is on the relationship between formal Islamic law and the law as it was actually administered in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Istanbul and its environs. Using court records, other primary archival documents, and little-used Islamic literature, Gerber establishes for the first time that large bodies of the law were indeed practiced and enforced as law. This refutes the ethnocentric Western view, propagated by Max Weber, that Islamic law was dispensed arbitrarily because of a widening gap between ossified Muslim law and a changing Muslim society. Gerber furthermore integrates his empirical research into a wider theoretical framework adapted from legal and historical-legal anthropology and uses this material as the basis for comparisons between the Ottoman Empire's legal system and other legal systems, most notably that of Morocco. This book shows that although Islamic law as practiced did have to contend with an inviolable sacred core, historical development nevertheless took place that can shed new light on the civilization of Islam.

The Place of Tolerance in Islam


Author: Khaled Abou El Fadl,Joshua Cohen,Ian Lague
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 9780807002292
Category: Religion
Page: 117
View: 3341
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Serves to lift prejudices of the Muslims with an essay separating the meaning of true Islamic faith from the terrorists' interpretation of the Koran, and follows with eleven responses that argue the inability for the existence of Islamic tolerance.

Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism


Author: Benedikt Koehler
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739188836
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 234
View: 7980
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Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism proposes a strikingly original thesis—that capitalism first emerged in Arabia, not in late medieval Italian city states as is commonly assumed. Early Islam made a seminal but largely unrecognized contribution to the history of economic thought; it is the only religion founded by an entrepreneur. Descending from an elite dynasty of religious, civil, and commercial leaders, Muhammad was a successful businessman before founding Islam. As such, the new religion had much to say on trade, consumer protection, business ethics, and property. As Islam rapidly spread across the region so did the economic teachings of early Islam, which eventually made their way to Europe. Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism demonstrates how Islamic institutions and business practices were adopted and adapted in Venice and Genoa. These financial innovations include the invention of the corporation, business management techniques, commercial arithmetic, and monetary reform. There were other Islamic institutions assimilated in Europe: charities, the waqf, inspired trusts, and institutions of higher learning; the madrasas were models for the oldest colleges of Oxford and Cambridge. As such, it can be rightfully said that these essential aspects of capitalist thought all have Islamic roots.