Medieval Religious Rationalities

A Weberian Analysis
Author: D. L. d'Avray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491229
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 874

Inspired by the social theories of Max Weber, David d'Avray asks in what senses medieval religion was rational and, in doing so, proposes a new approach to the study of the medieval past. Applying ideas developed in his companion volume on Rationalities in History, he explores how values, instrumental calculation, legal formality and substantive rationality interact and the ways in which medieval beliefs were strengthened by their mutual connections, by experience, and by mental images. He sheds new light on key themes and figures in medieval religion ranging from conversion, miracles and the ideas of Bernard of Clairvaux to Trinitarianism, papal government and Francis of Assisi's charismatic authority. This book shows how values and instrumental calculation affect each other in practice and demonstrates the ways in which the application of social theory can be used to generate fresh empirical research as well as new interpretative insights.

Rationalities in History

A Weberian Essay in Comparison
Author: D. L. d'Avray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139490508
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 7858

In Rationalities in History the distinguished historian David d'Avray writes a new comparative history in the spirit of Max Weber. In a strikingly original reassessment of seminal Weberian ideas, d'Avray applies value rationality to the comparative history of religion and the philosophy of law. Integrating theories of rational choice, anthropological reflections on relativism, and the recent philosophy of rationality with Weber's conceptual framework, d'Avray seeks to disengage 'rationalisation' from its enduring association with Western 'modernity'. This mode of analysis is contextualised through the examples of Buddhism, Imperial China and sixteenth-century Catholicism - in the latter case building upon unpublished archival research. This ambitious synthesis of social theory and comparative history will engage social scientists and historians from advanced undergraduate level upwards, stimulating interdisciplinary discourse, and making a significant contribution to the methodology of history. D'Avray explores the potential of this new Weberian analysis further in his companion volume, Medieval Religious Rationalities.

Trustworthy Men

How Inequality and Faith Made the Medieval Church
Author: Ian Forrest
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400890136
Category: Religion
Page: 528
View: 8600

The medieval church was founded on and governed by concepts of faith and trust--but not in the way that is popularly assumed. Offering a radical new interpretation of the institutional church and its social consequences in England, Ian Forrest argues that between 1200 and 1500 the ability of bishops to govern depended on the cooperation of local people known as trustworthy men and shows how the combination of inequality and faith helped make the medieval church. Trustworthy men (in Latin, virifidedigni) were jurors, informants, and witnesses who represented their parishes when bishops needed local knowledge or reliable collaborators. Their importance in church courts, at inquests, and during visitations grew enormously between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries. The church had to trust these men, and this trust rested on the complex and deep-rooted cultures of faith that underpinned promises and obligations, personal reputation and identity, and belief in God. But trust also had a dark side. For the church to discriminate between the trustworthy and untrustworthy was not to identify the most honest Christians but to find people whose status ensured their word would not be contradicted. This meant men rather than women, and—usually—the wealthier tenants and property holders in each parish. Trustworthy Men illustrates the ways in which the English church relied on and deepened inequalities within late medieval society, and how trust and faith were manipulated for political ends.

The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216


Author: Hugh M. Thomas
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191007013
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 9754

The secular clergy - priests and other clerics outside of monastic orders - were among the most influential and powerful groups in European society during the central Middle Ages. The secular clergy got their title from the Latin word for world, saeculum, and secular clerics kept the Church running in the world beyond the cloister wall, with responsibility for the bulk of pastoral care and ecclesiastical administration. This gave them enormous religious influence, although they were considered too worldly by many contemporary moralists - trying, for instance, to oppose the elimination of clerical marriage and concubinage. Although their worldliness created many tensions, it also gave the secular clergy much worldly influence. Contemporaries treated elite secular clerics as equivalent to knights, and some were as wealthy as minor barons. Secular clerics had a huge role in the rise of royal bureaucracy, one of the key historical developments of the period. They were instrumental to the intellectual and cultural flowering of the twelfth century, the rise of the schools, the creation of the book trade, and the invention of universities. They performed music, produced literature in a variety of genres and languages, and patronized art and architecture. Indeed, this volume argues that they contributed more than any other group to the Twelfth-Century Renaissance. Yet the secular clergy as a group have received almost no attention from scholars, unlike monks, nuns, or secular nobles. In The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216, Hugh Thomas aims to correct this deficiency through a major study of the secular clergy below the level of bishop in England from 1066 to 1216.

Papacy, Monarchy and Marriage 860–1600


Author: David d'Avray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316299279
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 5841

This analysis of royal marriage cases across seven centuries explains how and how far popes controlled royal entry into and exits from their marriages. In the period between c.860 and 1600, the personal lives of kings became the business of the papacy. d'Avray explores the rationale for papal involvement in royal marriages and uses them to analyse the structure of church-state relations. The marital problems of the Carolingian Lothar II, of English kings - John, Henry III, and Henry VIII - and other monarchs, especially Spanish and French, up to Henri IV of France and La Reine Margot, have their place in this exploration of how canon law came to constrain pragmatic political manoeuvring within a system increasingly rationalised from the mid-thirteenth century on. Using documents presented in the author's Dissolving Royal Marriages, the argument brings out hidden connections between legal formality, annulments, and dispensations, at the highest social level.

The Sociology of Religion


Author: Max Weber
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 9780807042052
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 5379

Translated by Ephraim Fischoff With a new Foreword by Ann Swidler

Schools of Asceticism

Ideology and Organization in Medieval Religious Communities
Author: Lutz Kaelber
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271028920
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 4284

Max Weber argued that medieval religious movements were an important source for the distinctive rationality of Western civilization. He intended to study precisely this theme but died before he could do so. In Schools of Asceticism, Lutz Kaelber builds on Weber's ideas by presenting a fresh historical and theoretical analysis of orthodox and heretical religious groups in the Middle Ages. He explores how doctrine and social organization shaped ascetic conduct in these groups from the twelfth century on. Kaelber first examines monastic and mendicant groups, correcting common misperceptions about the nature of their ascetic practices and their significance for the emergence of a Protestant work ethic. Then he turns to two of the largest and most widespread heretical groups in the Middle Ages, the Waldensians and the Cathars. For the most part, Waldensians and Cathars practiced a form of &"other-worldly asceticism&" resembling that of monks and nuns. For the Austrian Waldensians, however, Kaelber documents a type of &"inner-worldly asceticism&" that resembled what Weber described for early modern Protestant groups. Both types of asceticism originated in distinctive heretical establishments: Waldensian schools and Cathar &"houses of heretics.&" As these establishments disappeared, the boundaries separating Waldensianism and Catharism from Catholicism collapsed. Kaelber is therefore able to link organizational aspects of heretical communities to the tenacity of heresy in the Middle Ages. Based on exhaustive research into both primary and secondary sources, Schools of Asceticism is a bold and original book that bridges the disciplines of comparative historical and theoretical sociology, medieval history, and religious studies.

A Lifetime of English Studies

Essays in Honour of Carol Taylor Torsello
Author: Fiona Dalziel,Sara Gesuato,Maria Teresa Musacchio
Publisher: Il Poligrafo
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 710
View: 6898



Max Weber's Construction Of Social Theory


Author: N.A
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349208795
Category:
Page: 316
View: 2981



Gott und die Welt

religiöse Vorstellungen des frühen und hohen Mittelalters
Author: Hans-Werner Goetz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050056843
Category: Church and the world
Page: 360
View: 8099

Bei kaum einem anderen Gegenstand treten die Menschen so deutlich in den Mittelpunkt des Interesses wie bei menschlichen Vorstellungen, mit denen die Menschen sich selbst und ihre Umwelt wahrnehmen und sie zu erklaren und begreifen suchen. Der Autor gibt einen reprasentativen und anschaulichen Einblick in die geistig-religiose Befindlichkeit der (schreibenden) mittelalterlichen Menschen aus geschichtswissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Mit dem Titel Gott und die Welt wird vor allem auf den zentralen Ausgangspunkt mittelalterlicher Religiositat verwiesen: den Schopfer und seine Schopfung. Der zweite Teilband behandelt die materielle und personelle Schopfung, also den Kosmos (Natur und Kosmos, Himmel, Paradies, Holle und Erde) und die Geschopfe (Engel, Teufel, Menschen) sowie das Heilsgeschehen."

Max Weber's Economic Ethic of the World Religions


Author: Thomas C. Ertman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107133874
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 7853

This book identifies what is living and what is dead in Max Weber's analyses of China, India and Ancient Israel.

Acts of Activism

Human Rights as Radical Performance
Author: D. Soyini Madison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139484826
Category: Drama
Page: N.A
View: 6200

This book was first published in 2010. Madison presents the neglected yet compelling and necessary story of local activists in South Saharan Africa who employ modes of performance as tactics of resistance and intervention in their day-to-day struggles for human rights. The dynamic relationship between performance and activism are illustrated in three case studies: Act One presents a battle between tradition and modernity as the bodies of African women are caught in the cross-fire. Act Two focuses on 'water democracy' as activists fight for safe, accessible public water as a human right. Act Three examines the efficacy of street performance and theatre for development in the oral histories of Ghanaian gender activists. Unique to this book is the continuing juxtaposition between the everyday performances of local activism and their staged enactments before theatre audiences in Ghana and the USA. Madison beautifully demonstrates how these disparate sites of performance cohere in the service of rights, justice, and activism.

Anglo-Saxon Psychologies in the Vernacular and Latin Traditions


Author: Leslie Lockett
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487516495
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 472
View: 1205

Old English verse and prose depict the human mind as a corporeal entity located in the chest cavity, susceptible to spatial and thermal changes corresponding to the psychological states: it was thought that emotions such as rage, grief, and yearning could cause the contents of the chest to grow warm, boil, or be constricted by pressure. While readers usually assume the metaphorical nature of such literary images, Leslie Lockett, in Anglo-Saxon Psychologies in the Vernacular and Latin Traditions, argues that these depictions are literal representations of Anglo-Saxon folk psychology. Lockett analyses both well-studied and little-known texts, including Insular Latin grammars, The Ruin, the Old English Soliloquies, The Rhyming Poem, and the writings of Patrick, Bishop of Dublin. She demonstrates that the Platonist-Christian theory of the incorporeal mind was known to very few Anglo-Saxons throughout most of the period, while the concept of mind-in-the-heart remained widespread. Anglo-Saxon Psychologies in the Vernacular and Latin Traditions examines the interactions of rival - and incompatible - concepts of the mind in a highly original way.

Medieval Marriage

Symbolism and Society
Author: David d'Avray
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198208219
Category: History
Page: 322
View: 7233

Covering the whole medieval period but identifying the decades around 1200 as decisive, this study shows how marriage symbolism emerged from the world of texts to become a social force affecting ordinary people.

Max Weber

An Intellectual Portrait
Author: Reinhard Bendix
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520031944
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 522
View: 3686

The purpose of this book is to make Weber's sociological work more accessible and more thematically coherent than it is either in the original or in translation. This volume is used as an introduction to the study of orignal Weber texts and gives the reader a systematic presentation of Weber's sociological studies.

Religion and Organization Theory


Author: N.A
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781906939
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 456
View: 1701

Despite the profound influence that religious organizations exert, religion occupies a curiously marginal place in organization theory. This volume aims to make available in one place existing knowledge on religion and organizations, encouraging more organization theorists to include religion as part of their research activities and agenda.

An Introduction to the Medieval Bible


Author: Frans van Liere,Franciscus Anastasius Liere
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521865786
Category: Bibles
Page: 338
View: 6062

An accessible account of the Bible in the Middle Ages that traces the formation of the medieval canon.

Law/Society

Origins, Interactions, and Change
Author: John Sutton
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 9780761987055
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 301
View: 4523

Foundations of the Sociology of Law provides a conceptual framework for thinking about the full range of topics within the sociology of law discipline. The book: contrasts normative and sociological perspectives on law; presents a primer on the logic of research and inference as applied to law related issues; examines theories of legal change; and discusses law in action with specific reference to civil rights legislation.

Scholarly Community at the Early University of Paris

Theologians, Education and Society, 1215–1248
Author: Spencer E. Young
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107031044
Category: History
Page: 269
View: 5378

This book explores the individuals and ideas involved in one of the most transformative periods in high education's history.

Max Weber's Theory of Modernity

The Endless Pursuit of Meaning
Author: Dr Michael Symonds
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472462866
Category: Social Science
Page: 198
View: 8608

Weber’s theory of meaning and modernity is articulated through an understanding of his account of the way in which the pursuit of meaning in the modern world has been shaped by the loss of Western religion and how such pursuit gives sense to the phenomena of human suffering and death. Through a close, scholarly reading of Weber’s extensive writings and Vocation Lectures, the author explores the concepts of ‘paradox’ and ‘brotherliness’ as found in Weber’s work, in order to offer an original exposition of Weber’s actual theory of how meaning and meaninglessness work in the modern world.