Social Memory and History

Anthropological Perspectives
Author: Robert R. Archibald
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759101784
Category: Education
Page: 237
View: 9058
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An examination of social memory developed within communities from the perspective of anthropology. Many case studies from around the world.

Between Memory and History


Author: Marie Noelle Bourguet,Lucette Valensi,Nathan Wachtel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317293568
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 5220
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The recent wave of interest in oral history and return to the active subject as a topic in historical practice raises a number of questions about the status and function of scholarly history in our societies. This articles in this volume, originally pubished in 1990, and which originally appeared in History and Anthropology, Volume 2, Part 2, discuss what contributions, meanings and consequences emerge from scholarly history turning to living memory, and what the relationships are between history and memory.

Memory and history

essays on recalling and interpreting experience
Author: Jaclyn Jeffrey,Glenace Ecklund Edwall
Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 156
View: 1135
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This book examines the interfaces of memory theory and oral history, which is based on human recollection. Essays examine the importance of memory and its reliability. Scholars from two fields, cognitive psychology and oral history, examine the ways in which human experience is recalled and interpreted. The papers were first presented in 1988 at an interdisciplinary conference sponsored by Baylor University Institute for Oral History. Contents: Foreword, Donald A. Ritchie; Introduction; Believe It or Not: Rethinking the Historical Interpretation of Memory, Paul Thompson, Comment by Glenace E. Edwall; Tricked by Memory, Elizabeth F. Loftus, Comment by Eva M. McMahan; American History and the Structures of Collective Memory: A Modest Exercise in Empirical Iconography, Michael H. Frisch, Comment by Kenneth Foote; Dialogue I: Sally Browder, Michael H. Frisch, ELizabeth Loftus, Paul Thompson; Phoenix and Chimera: The Changing Faces of Memory, Marigold Linton, Comment by Kim Lacy Rogers; What One Cannot Remember Mistakenly, Karen E. Fields, Comment by Alpine W. Jefferson; Reliability and Validity in Oral History: The Case for Memory, Alice M. Hoffman and Howard S. Hoffman, Comment by Terry Anderson, Comment by Brent Slife; Dialogue II: Karen E. Feilds, Alice M. Hoffman, Howard S. Hoffman, Marigold Linton, Paul Thompson, Donald Ritchie; Afterword, Lewis M. Barker. Co-published with the Institute for Oral History.

Memory and History

Understanding Memory as Source and Subject
Author: Joan Tumblety
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135905436
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 5821
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How does the historian approach memory and how do historians use different sources to analyze how history and memory interact and impact on each other? Memory and History explores the different aspects of the study of this field. Taking examples from Europe, Australia, the USA and Japan and treating periods beyond living memory as well as the recent past, the volume highlights the contours of the current vogue for memory among historians while demonstrating the diversity and imagination of the field. Each chapter looks at a set of key historical and historiographical questions through research-based case studies: How does engaging with memory as either source or subject help to illuminate the past? What are the theoretical, ethical and/or methodological challenges that are encountered by historians engaging with memory in this way, and how might they be managed? How can the reading of a particular set of sources illuminate both of these questions? The chapters cover a diverse range of approaches and subjects including oral history, memorialization and commemoration, visual cultures and photography, autobiographical fiction, material culture, ethnic relations, the individual and collective memories of war veterans. The chapters collectively address a wide range of primary source material beyond oral testimony – photography, monuments, memoir and autobiographical writing, fiction, art and woodcuttings, ‘everyday’ and ‘exotic’ cultural artefacts, journalism, political polemic, the law and witness testimony. This book will be essential reading for students of history and memory, providing an accessible guide to the historical study of memory through a focus on varied source materials.

David’s Jerusalem

Between Memory and History
Author: Daniel Pioske
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317548906
Category: Religion
Page: 304
View: 6421
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The history of David’s Jerusalem remains one of the most contentious topics of the ancient world. This study engages with debates about the nature of this location by examining the most recent archaeological data from the site and by exploring the relationship of these remains to claims made about David’s royal center in biblical narrative. Daniel Pioske provides a detailed reconstruction of the landscape and lifeways of early 10th century BCE Jerusalem, connected in biblical tradition to the figure of David. He further explores how late Iron Age (the Book of Samuel-Kings) and late Persian/early Hellenistic (the Book of Chronicles) Hebrew literary cultures remembered David’s Jerusalem within their texts, and how the remains and ruins of this site influenced the memories of those later inhabitants who depicted David’s Jerusalem within the biblical narrative. By drawing on both archaeological data and biblical writings, Pioske calls attention to the breaks and ruptures between a remembered past and a historical one, and invites the reader to understand David’s Jerusalem as more than a physical location, but also as a place of memory.

Social Memory and History

Anthropological Perspectives
Author: Jacob J. Climo,Maria G. Cattell
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 0759116431
Category: Social Science
Page: 252
View: 8588
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An examination of social memory developed within communities from the perspective of anthropology. Many case studies from around the world.

Memory and History

Recollections of a Historian of Nazism, 1967–1982
Author: Roderick Stackelberg
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 9781462064403
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 184
View: 8241
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Memory and History, the second volume of historian Rod Stackelberg’s autobiography, picks up his personal and professional reminiscences where his first volume, Out of Hitler’s Shadow (2010), left off. After teaching high school in northern Vermont, Stackelberg belatedly resumed his graduate training in pursuit of a college teaching career. He resumes his graduate education at the Universities of Vermont and Massachusetts, Amherst, earning a PhD in modern European history in 1974—a full eighteen years after earning his BA at Harvard University. It was not a good time to enter the academic job market, as indeed he had been forewarned by his instructors as early as 1970. Several chapters of Memory and History deal with the trials and tribulations of job-hunting in the unfavorable academic employment climate of the 1970s. He ultimately attained his goal of pursuing a college teaching career, ultimately teaching at San Diego State University, the University of Oregon, and the University of South Dakota before joining the history department at Gonzaga University, retiring after more than a quarter-century at Gonzaga in 2004. This continuation of Stackelberg’s life story shares details of history and of academic life—both his own and of more general problems and conflicts in that sphere in the late twentieth century.

Memory and History in East and Southeast Asia

Issues of Identity in International Relations
Author: Gerrit W. Gong
Publisher: CSIS
ISBN: 9780892063994
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 3607
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What individuals and countries remember and what they forget, and why, tell much about their current values, perceptions, and even aspirations. In this volume international specialists and practitioners from Europe, Asia, and the United States illuminate through sometimes-conflicting interpretations the issues of "remembering and forgetting" that are shaping today's strategic alignments in East and Southeast Asia. The analysis covers how Japan, South and North Korea, China, Southeast Asian countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia, and the United States use memory and history to define their national sense of self and structure their international relations.

Memory and History in George Eliot

Transfiguring the Past
Author: Hao Li
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230598609
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 227
View: 4989
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This book explores the interrelations between communal memory and the sense of history in George Eliot's novels by focusing on issues such as memory and narrative, memory and oblivion, memory and time, and the interactions between personal, communal and national memories. Hao Li offers a fresh critical reading informed by major nineteenth-century theories and argues for a reappraisal of George Eliot's complex understanding of the dialects of memory and history, an understanding that both integrates and transcends the positivist and the romantic-historical approaches of her time.

Violence, Memory, and History

Western Perceptions of Kristallnacht
Author: Colin McCullough,Nathan Wilson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134757778
Category: History
Page: 170
View: 9449
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This edited collection delves into the horrors of November 1938 and to what degree they portended the Holocaust, demonstrating the varied reactions of Western audiences to news about the pogrom against the Jews. A pattern of stubborn governmental refusal to help German Jews to any large degree emerges throughout the book. Much of this was in response to uncertain domestic economic conditions and underlying racist attitudes towards Jews. Contrasting this was the outrage expressed by ordinary people around the world who condemned the German violence and challenged the policy of Appeasement being advanced by Great Britain and France towards Adolf Hitler’s Nazi German government at the time. Contributors employ multiple media sources to make their arguments, and compare these with official government records. For the first time, a collection on Kristallnacht has taken a truly transnational approach, giving readers a fuller understanding of how the events of November 1938 were understood around the Western world.

The Colonization of Mi'kmaw Memory and History, 1794-1928

The King V. Gabriel Sylliboy
Author: William C. Wicken
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442611553
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 9491
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In 1927, Gabriel Sylliboy, the Grand Chief of the Mi'kmaw of Atlantic Canada, was charged with trapping muskrats out of season. At appeal in July 1928, Sylliboy and five other men recalled conversations with parents, grandparents, and community members to explain how they understood a treaty their people had signed with the British in 1752. Using this testimony as a starting point, William Wicken traces Mi'kmaw memories of the treaty, arguing that as colonization altered Mi'kmaw society, community interpretations of the treaty changed as well. The Sylliboy case was part of a broader debate within Canada about Aboriginal peoples' legal status within Confederation. In using the 1752 treaty to try and establish a legal identity separate from that of other Nova Scotians, Mi'kmaw leaders contested federal and provincial attempts to force their assimilation into Anglo-Canadian society. Integrating matters of governance and legality with an exploration of historical memory, The Colonization of Mi'kmaw Memory and History offers a nuanced understanding of how and why individuals and communities recall the past.

Flashbacks in Film

Memory & History
Author: Maureen Turim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317916662
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 312
View: 8964
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The flashback is a crucial moment in a film narrative, one that captures the cinematic expression of memory, and history. This author’s wide-ranging account of this single device reveals it to be an important way of creating cinematic meaning. Taking as her subject all of film history, the author traces out the history of the flashback, illuminating that history through structuralist narrative theory, psychoanalytic theories of subjectivity, and theories of ideology. From the American silent film era and the European and Japanese avant-garde of the twenties, from film noir and the psychological melodrama of the forties and fifties to 1980s art and Third World cinema, the flashback has interrogated time and memory, making it a nexus for ideology, representations of the psyche, and shifting cultural attitudes.

Memory and History in Twentieth Century Australia


Author: Kate. Darian-Smith,Paula Hamilton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 255
View: 836
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Examines the relationship between memory, history and the competing narratives of identity, place and gender in Australian society. The study is a window on the Australian past, demonstrating the centrality of memory to the writing of history.

Cultural Memory and Historical Consciousness in the German-speaking World Since 1500

Papers from the Conference 'The Fragile Tradition', Cambridge 2002
Author: Christian Emden,David R. Midgley
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039101603
Category: Collective memory
Page: 316
View: 9310
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This is the first of three volumes based on papers given at the conference 'The Fragile Tradition: The German Cultural Imagination Since 1500' in Cambridge, 2002. Together they provide a conspectus of current research on the cultural, historical and literary imagination of the German-speaking world across the whole of the modern period. This volume highlights the ways in which cultural memory and historical consciousness have been shaped by experiences of discontinuity, focusing particularly on the reception of the Reformation, the literary and ideological heritage of the Enlightenment, and the representation of war, the Holocaust, and the reunification of Germany in contemporary literature and museum culture.

Memory

A History
Author: Dmitri Nikulin
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199793840
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 416
View: 3839
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In recent decades, memory has become one of the major concepts and a dominant topic in philosophy, sociology, politics, history, science, cultural studies, literary theory, and the discussions of trauma and the Holocaust. In contemporary debates, the concept of memory is often used rather broadly and thus not always unambiguously. For this reason, the clarification of the range of the historical meaning of the concept of memory is a very important and urgent task. This volume shows how the concept of memory has been used and appropriated in different historical circumstances and how it has changed throughout the history of philosophy. In ancient philosophy, memory was considered a repository of sensible and mental impressions and was complemented by recollection-the process of recovering the content of past thoughts and perceptions. Such an understanding of memory led to the development both of mnemotechnics and the attempts to locate memory within the structure of cognitive faculties. In contemporary philosophical and historical debates, memory frequently substitutes for reason by becoming a predominant capacity to which one refers when one wants to explain not only the personal identity but also a historical, political, or social phenomenon. In contemporary interpretation, it is memory, and not reason, that acts in and through human actions and history, which is a critical reaction to the overly rationalized and simplified concept of reason in the Enlightenment. Moreover, in modernity memory has taken on one of the most distinctive features of reason: it is thought of as capable not only of recollecting past events and meanings, but also itself. In this respect, the volume can be also taken as a reflective philosophical attempt by memory to recall itself, its functioning and transformations throughout its own history.

Remembering War

The Great War Between Memory and History in the Twentieth Century
Author: J. M. Winter
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300127522
Category: History
Page: 340
View: 5992
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Lamed Shapiro (1878-1948) was the author of groundbreaking and controversial short stories, novellas, and essays. Himself a tragic figure, Shapiro led a life marked by frequent ocean crossing, alcoholism, and failed ventures, yet his writings are models of precision, psychological insight, and daring. Shapiro focuses intently on the nature of violence: the mob violence of pogroms committed against Jews; the traumatic after-effects of rape, murder, and powerlessness; and, the murderous event that transforms the innocent child into witness and the rabbi's son into agitator. Within a society on the move, Shapiro's refugees from the shtetl and the traditional way of life are in desperate search of food, shelter, love, and things of beauty. Remarkably, and against all odds, they sometimes find what they are looking for. More often than not, the climax of their lives is an experience of ineffable terror. This collection also reveals Lamed Shapiro as an American master. His writings depict the Old World struggling with the New, extremes of human behaviour combined with the pursuit of normal happiness. Through the perceptions of a remarkable gallery of men, women, children - even of animals and plants - Shapiro successfully reclaimed the lost world of the shtetl as he negotiated East Broadway and the Bronx, Union Square, and vaudeville.

Between Memory and History

The Evolution of Israeli Historiography of the Holocaust, 1945-1961
Author: Orna Kenan
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780820458052
Category: History
Page: 139
View: 687
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In a native Israeli's analysis of Holocaust historiography, Kenan (modern Jewish history, U. of California, Los Angeles) begins with the dichotomy of perceptions of the Shoah between Jewish fighters and ordinary survivors in postwar displaced persons camps. She traces the initial silence of surviv

Blacks of the Rosary

Memory and History in Minas Gerais, Brazil
Author: Elizabeth W. Kiddy
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271045752
Category: History
Page: 287
View: 9556
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Blacks of the Rosary tells the story of the Afro-Brazilian communities that developed within lay religious brotherhoods dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary in Minas Gerais. It shows how these brotherhoods functioned as a social space in which Africans and their descendants could rebuild a communal identity based on a shared history of an African past and an ongoing devotional practice, thereby giving rise to enduring transnational cultures that have survived to the present day. In exploring this intersection of community, identity, and memory, the book probes the Portuguese and African contributions to the brotherhoods in Part One. Part Two traces the changes and continuities within the organizations from the early eighteenth century to the end of the Brazilian Empire, and the book concludes in Part Three with discussion of the twentieth-century brotherhoods and narratives of the participants in brotherhood festivals in the 1990s. In a larger sense, the book serves as a case study through which readers can examine the strategies that Afro-Brazilians used to create viable communities in order to confront the asymmetry of power inherent in the slave societies of the Americas and their economic and social marginalization in the twentieth century.

The Winter of Discontent

Myth, Memory, and History
Author: Tara Martin López
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1781386013
Category: History
Page: 252
View: 9678
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In the midst of the freezing winter of 1978-79, more than 2,000 strikes, infamously coined the "Winter of Discontent", erupted across Britain as workers rejected the then Labour Government's attempts to curtail wage increases with an incomes policy. Labour's subsequent electoral defeat at the hands of the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher ushered in an era of unprecedented political, economic, and social change for Britain. A potent social myth also quickly developed around the Winter of Discontent, one where "bloody-minded" and "greedy" workers brought down a sympathetic government and supposedly invited the ravages of Thatcherism upon the British labour movement. The Winter of Discontent provides a re-examination of this crucial series of events in British history by charting the construction of the myth of the Winter of Discontent. Highlighting key strikes and bringing forward the previously-ignored experiences of female, black, and Asian rank-and-file workers along-side local trade union leaders, the author places their experiences within a broader constellation of trade union, Labour Party, and Conservative Party changes in the 1970s, showing how striking workers' motivations become much more textured and complex than the "bloody-minded" or "greedy" labels imply. The author further illustrates that participants' memories represent a powerful force of "counter-memory", which for some participants, frame the Winter of Discontent as a positive and transformative series of events, especially for the growing number of female activists. Overall, this fascinating book illuminates the nuanced contours of myth, memory, and history of the Winter of Discontent.

Ireland, Memory and Performing the Historical Imagination


Author: Mary P. Caulfield
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137362189
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 244
View: 6227
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This book explores the performance of Irish collective memories and forgotten histories. It proposes an alternative and more comprehensive criterion of Irish theatre practices. These practices can be defined as the 'rejected', contested and undervalued plays and performativities that are integral to Ireland's political and cultural landscapes.